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February 27, 1955 - Image 17

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1955-02-27

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SUNDAY. FEB.RUARY 27, 1955

THE -MICHIGAN DAILY

Pdr ,

AGEY1TIAI

20TH CENTURY CRAFTSMANSHIP:

Violin Maker Maddy Works in Ann Arbor

By DEBRA DURCHSLAG
many years to play a good violin
POPULAR legend has it that in, and a strongly-made violin
that story of fine violins began may take from 40 to 80 years be-f
in the 17th century and ended in fore it "sounds."
the early' 18th.
It is true that during this period Playing causes the plates to vi-
the modern violin was developed, brate more sympathetically. Har-
when the names of the Italian monics of the instrument are in-
craftsmen of Cremona were made creased and balanced with the
synonymous with history of fine proper amount of use, accordingr
violin-making. to Maddy. "If a violin sounds
Stradivari was the most famous mellow and plays. easily at first,"
of these workers, even in his own Maddy pointed out, "the plates
lifetime, and Guarneri del Gesu are probably too thin, and the
and ®the brothers Amati ran him instrument may play out with
a close second. However, according more use."
to Ann Arbor violin maker Rich- A GOOD violin is a feat of
ard A. Maddy, that doesn't mean craftsmanship, Sound is al-
that fine violins can't be made ways of Rprimacy' importance V1.
today, the violinist, but a connoisseur
In fact, Maddy explained, he is also interested in an in'stru-
craftsmanship of the Italian mas- ment of fine workmanship,
ters was often crude, both in in- me patterkmashe p.t
ternal and external parts, in com- The pattern in the wood, the
parison with the work of the best carving of the scroll and f holes,
modern makers the matching of the ribs-thesex
In the area of sound, however, are all details that can change
the Italian instruments rank first the value of a violin without hav-
This is due to a number of fac- ing any bearing on the sound-
tors, including the selection of quality.
wood and varnish, but perhaps the Fine instruments are made com-
largest single factor is the long pletely by hand. The maker works
period of time they have been in with pie-cuts of wood, known as
use. bolts, that are quarter sections
taken around the trunk of a tree.
EVEN the instruments of Stradi- Pine wood is used for the top, with
vari were sometimes rejected maple or sycamore for the back,
when they were new. It takes Rough bolts are carved, not

VIOLIN-MAKER MADDY WORKS OVER EMBRYONIC VIOLA

pressed, into the arched shape
of the plates.
Within the tested outlines used
in violin making, there is much
variation of detail possible. The
f holes on the top plate can be
carved in different proportions,
not to mention the rounding of
corners and arching of plates.
A CPA FTSMANin his own right,
Maddy has studied violin con-
struction for almost eight years.
He also plays the instrument, "al-
though not too well" he admitted,
but his first love is the mechanism
itself.
Maddy became interested in vio-
lin-making through his father,
Prof. Joseph E. Maddy of the
music school and founder of the
National Music Camp in Inter-
lochen.
It was through Prof. Maddy's
suggestion that his son appren-
ticed underl1he late W. C. Stinger,
violinamaker at the Camp, and
tiuS began his.career in violin-
making.
smart " * .
distinctive
luggage

RADIATION RESEARCH:

Continue Cancer 'Hot'Cures Study

with more detailed knowledge of
the extent of the'malignant growth
than was previously obtainable.
Last year, Dr. Samuel Unter-
myer of the Argonne National
Laboratory and Dr. Robert Has-
terlik of the Argonne Cancer Hos-
pital in Chicago developed an X-
ray unit that can be used today
in making films of the skeletal
system for clinical use.
AT BNL, the nuclear reactor it-
self has been used as a medi-
cal instrument of treatment. It is
used as a neutron source whereby
it is possible to make a desired
radioactive isotope within a can-
cer itself.
This procedure Dr. Farr calls
"neutron capture therapy" refer-
ring to the "capture of a slow
neutron by a target material which
has been previously administered
to the patient."

The target element to the tu-
mor is confined so that it alone
will be radiated with a high in-
tensity lethal radiation while the
surrounding normal tissue, rela-
tively free of target element, es-
capes unmarked. The immediate
decay prevents the transport of
the radioactive element to other
parts of the body.
Since this type of therapy per-
mits radiation dosage at depth
and chemical or biological dis-
crimination is used to distribute
the target element, neither size,
shape, age nor depth location of
the tumor are necessarily limiting
factors.
Though much work remains, as
Dr. Farr put it: "The use of pro-
ducts of nuclear reactors to treat
disease and to study' disease will
inevitably broaden our knowledge
of how better to control many
disorders now plaguing mankind."

WILD'S WILD'S WILD'S WILD'S

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SUCKNELL--light-hearted
as a college song

--Courtesy Brookhaven National Laboratories Q
GEIGER COUNTER FOLLOWS RADIOISOTOPE -
By HARRY STRAUSS
S ATOMIC ENERGY the final while it cannot be maintained as
answer in the treatment of can- a definite answer, "it may lead to
cer? effective control of certain highly to
Since nucleanics has been in malignant, very prevalent cancers 0
the spotlight over the past decades, now causing death of thousands of
,research has been in progress not people annually."
only for destruction via weaponsf
but for improving and saving Radioactive isotopes may now
lives. be taken internally and traced as
Medical research, using atomic they move through the body. (An
energy or aspects of it, has been isotope is one of two elements of ,
.lone in many parts of the United the same mass.) In the picture -
States. The University has done above a geiger counter is fol-
some work in this field and ex- lowing the course- of ,radioactive
pects to do much more, as do iodine as it moves toward the thy-
many other institutions. rbid 'gland. This haked'possible I
The government has put great the determination of the amount Q
emphasis on research concerned of iodine actually being taken up
with the peacetime uses of atomic by the gland.
energy. For this purpose there are Together with radioactive phos-
many regional laboratories and phorus, radioactive iodine was the
research centers. One of these is first isotope to be used in medicine. t
Long Island's Brookhaven Nation- The "hot" iodine is taken up by 0
al Laboratory, under contract to properly stimulated thyroid can- -
the Atomic Energy Commission cer tissue and retards ordestroys
and sponsored by nine eastern the surrounding cancer growth.
Radioactive phosphorus is also
N ANSWERING the question of being used in the localization of /1
atomic energy and its rela- tumors of the brain as well as or- 0
$ionship t cancer, Lee E. Parr, ganid~'radioactive TLode - coin-
medical director at BNL, said that pounds. It provides the surgeon

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it
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21-in. Weekend Case 12.00
29-in. Pullman . 18.00
Train Case . 10.00
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Hanger Case . . . . 18.00
Overnighter . . . . 10.00
(Above prices plus Fed. Excise Tax)
Beautiful, long wearing vinyl
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wood frame, luxurious rayon
lining and solid brass locks
make this J. C. Higgins lug-
gage an outstanding value!
312 South Main St.
Phone NO 2-5501

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Fti

WILD'S WILD'S WILD'S WILD'S

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