THE MICHIGAN DAILY
~MWflINEWlAV _TA~TTAR.V !CIOAN
U.S. Freedom Group Helps
Displaced Russian Refugees
By MARY ANN THOMAS
"An ounce of friendship weighs
more on the scales of the cold war
than a pound of uranium."
With this belief that mere
broadcasting the truth about Am-
erica to Russia is not enough, Am-
erican Friends of Russian Free-
dom have sought to reinforce
words of friendship with deeds.
Learning about the poor condi-
tion of Russian refugees in West
Germany, a group of Americans
formed the American Friends or-
ganization to 1lelp solve financial,
psychological and social problems
of the 240,000 Russians in Displac-
ed Persons camps.
Most of the Russian refugees
are former Red Army officers and
soldiers who had been stationed
in East Germany and Austria.
i5 N atins
Fifteen countries are offering
grants to American students for
the academic year 1955-56, ac-
cording to-°the Institute of Inter-
Study awards at the University
of Ceylon, the University of Tehe-
ran in Iran and the Free Universi-
ty of Berlin are among those de-
scribed in the Institute's pamphlet
"Foreign Study Grants, 1955-56."
General' requirements for the
grants, designed mainly for grad-
uate students, are U.S. citizenship,
good academic record, character,
and health and, in most cases,
ability to read, write and speak,
the language of the country of
Earliest deadlines for applica-
tions are Jan. 15 for two awards at
the University of Ceylon and Jan.
22 for advanced study in Brazil.
The largest number of grants, 40
assistantships and 30 fellowships,
is offered by the French govern-
ment. Most recipients of assistant-
ships will teach English conversa-
tion classes in French secondary
schools and teacher training insti-
A few appointments in univer-
sities will be made to applicants
with special training in American
literature and some experience in
college teaching. Fellowships of-
fer opportunities for study at
French universities and state in-
stitutions of high learning.
Four W o o 11 e y Foundation
awards will be made for the study
of art and ,Music in Paris. Social
work fellowships are available to
experienced American social work-
ers for work, study and observa-
tion in French-work with delin-
quents, group work, public wel-
fare, medical social work and fac-
Four scholarships will be given
by the Transatlantic Foundation
for study in Great Britain to can-
didates from the labor union
movement. Three will be awarded
for Ruskin College, Oxford, and
one for Coleg Harlech in Wales.
Pamphlets may be obtained
from the Institute, 1 E. 67th St.,
New York, N.Y.
There will be a special meeting
of the Pre-Medical Society for
freshmen and sophomores at 8
p.m. today in Aud. C, Angell Hall.
Prof. Philip F. Weatherill, pre-
medical advisor and Prof. Wayne
L. Whitaker, assistant dean of the
Medical School will speak and
answer questions concerning Pre-
Medical programs for freshmen
They fled their native land for
numerous reasons-shock at the
poor condition of Russia after the
war when improvements had been
promised, fear of being punished
for crimes they had not commit-
ted, frustration and bitterness at
Red discrimination against their
religion or nationality.
However, instead of the better
life for which they had left their
homes and families, these refu-
gees faced bleak futures in Ger-
man displaced persons -camps.
Because of Immigration laws,
only healthy members of a fam-
ily could reach America while sick
children had to remain in desolate
Distrusted by Germans
Adding to their problems, these
refugees could not find jobs and
were distrusted by the Germans.
In despair some committed sui-
cide while others fell prey to So-
viet propaganda offering them
good jobs and homes if they re-
Naturally, such cases proved rich
propaganda material for the Com-
munists revealing the "dreary,
meager standard of living of West-
ern capitalistic society."
Provide Food, Shelter
American Friends of Russian
Freedom have provided food and
decent shelter, clothing, medical
care and legal aid to Soviet es-
capees and have found them use-
ful work in Europe.
AFRF maintains a Friendship
Center in Munich and a Russian
Friendship House in Kaiserslau-
tern, Germany, in addition to
sponsoring individual relief and
adoption programs and industrial
and agricultural projects.
Under the adoption program,
the organization seeks connections
with United States employers, or-
ganizations and families to spon-
sor escapees in Germany and to
bring them to America. The in-
dustrial and agricultural program
places refugees in jobs throughout
As part of its program to in-
form Americans of conditions of
refugees in Germany and life in
the Soviet Union, the AFRF sends
speakers on tour of the country.
Two members of the organization
will discuss "Living Religions and
the Peoples of Russia" at 8 p.m.
tomorrow in Kellogg Auditorium.
Nicholas T. Goncharoff, a for-
mer Red Army officer and presi-
dent of the Young Mens Christian
Association for Russian youth in
America, will be the first speaker.
Second speaker in the program
sponsored by the Student Religious
Association will be Prof. Frank R.
Barnett, director of the AFRF.
Applications for the American
Society of Tool Engineers' 10 In-
ternational Education Awards are
now available from the dean of en-
gineering school and from the Na-
tional ASTE headquarters at
10700 Puritan Avenue, Detroit 38,
Eligibility for these awards re-
quire that the student be taking
full time courses in preparation
for future work in tool and pro-
He must also be in his third
year of a four-year curriculum or
third or fourth year of a five-year
curriculum or in the last year of
study and planning to take post-
The deadline for filing of ap-
plications at ASTE headquarters
is February 15.
These awards are presented to
the "outstanding engineering stu-
dents in recognized schools in the
I United States and Canada."
Ann Arbor's Feb. 21 primar-
ies will have two battles, both.
in the Republican ranks.
For the other 14 seats to be
filled in the April 4 elections,
Democrats and Republicans
are running unopposed in the
One of the contests in' the
primaries will be a city-wide
affair, with Sixth Ward Coun-
cilman Prof. A. D. Moore of the
engineering college opposing
S e c o n d Ward Councilman
Prof. A. D. Moore of the engi-
neering college opposing Sec-
ond Ward Councilman Ralph
C. Keyes for the GOP nomina-
tion for council president.
In the other race, incumbent
Councilman Ronald E. Hinter-
man is running against Bruse
J. Maslin for the Second Ward
council seat nomination.
The rest of the candidates in
the primaries are as follows:
William E. Brown, Jr. (R-Inc.)
Albert J. Logan (D)
Norman J. Randall (R-Inc.)
George Herman (D)
Charles C. Menefee (R-Inc.)
Mrs. Jack Garris (D)
Russell H. Howard (R-Inc.)
W. Orval Bunton (D)
Dr. David G. Dickinson (R)
Dean W. Coston (D-Inc[)
Mrs. Margaret Towsley (D-
Prof. John Weimer of the Eng-
lish department (D)
Prof. Charles W. Joiner of the
Law School (R)
Prof. Arthur J. Lohwater of the
mathematics department (D)
BOARD OF SUPERVISORS
Fitch D. Forsythe (R-Inc.)
Jane O. Williams (D)
John W. Rae (R-Inc.)
James W. McFall (D)
Bent F. Nielsen (R)
Jack J. Garris (D-Inc.)
C. Ludwig Schneider (R-Inc.)
Donald C. Pelz (D)
Mrs. Carl Rehberg (R-Inc.)
Jack C. McCollum (D)
Ruth M. Dana (R-Inc.)
Alex Canja (D)
Alvah A. Heald(R-Inc.)
Mrs. Franklin M. Ludden (D)
Francis L. O'Brien (unopposed)'
VVJCL7I'VJai7UZSAI 451SINVAnY a 1?1.7a
C O IN G I T A L O N E -Georges Sablier shows portable
"windniill" during helicopter contest at Saint Etienne, France.
He claims 60-pound, six hp. craft can fly 10 hours at 30 mph.
M U S I C A L H O B B Y -- Fritz Meng, of Bad Homburg,
Germany, shows violin he made from 8,000 matches. He claims
tone is more resonant than that of workshop-made instruments.
Symphony Band To Present
Opening Concert of Season
Under the direction of Prof.
William D. Revelli the 106 mem-
ber University Symphony Band
will give its first concert of the
season at 8:30 p.m. Friday in Hill
Opening the program with the
"Orb and Sceptre" written by
William Walton for the corona-
tion of Queen Elizabeth in June,
1953, the first half of the pro-
gram will also include Gordon Ja-
cob's "An original Suite for
Band," Valser Campestre from
"Suite Siciliana" by Marinuzzi-
Harding and the "Toccata and
Appror imately 200 fellowships
designed to extend education and
improve teaching ability are being
offered high school teachers by the
Fund for the Advancement of Ed-
Eligibility is limited to teachers
fifty years old or younger who
have devoted at least half time to
classroom teaching in each of the
past three academic years. On an
experimental basis, group applica-
tions are being considered, with
two to five members of a single
faculty or school system working
on related aspects of a single
Applications for the fellowships,
which may be obtained from local
superintendents of schools, must
be received by the fund commit-
tee by March 15.
Announcement of awards will
be made by the fund, an independ-
ent agency established by The
Ford Foundation, around April 20.
Work was begun yesterday at the
corner of North University and
State on installation of the Class
of 1954 gift.
When completed, the gift will
be a lighted map of North Cam-
Fugue in D Minor" by Johann
Featured in a euphonium solo
will be Raymond Young, 55 SM,
who will play the Largo al Fac-
totum from "The Barber of Sev-
ille" by Rossini. Jerald Bilik, 55
SM, arranged the music for
Rossini's Ballet Music from
"William Tell" will also be played.
Included in the second half of
the concert will be the second
movement of H. Owen Reed's
symphony "La Fiesta Mexicana,"
the third movement from "West
Point Symphony," by Robert J.
Dvorak and the "Beguine for
Band" by Glenn Osser.
Concluding the program will be
three marches, including band ar-
ranger Bilik's "Block M March,"
and the Michigan March, dedicat-
ed to the University by band di-
rector and composer Dr. Edwin
Franko Goldman. John Phillip
Sousa's "Stars and Stripes For-
ever' will end the program.
Scheduled at the time of the'
Tenth Annual Midwestern Con-
ference on School Vocal and In-
strumental Music which will be
held here on Friday and Saturday,
the concert is open to the general
public without charge.
By de Vries
"Rembrandt and Landscape"
was the topic of Dr. A. B. de
Vries' lecture yesterday afternoon
at Angell Hall.
After showing slides of land-
scape paintings b; Flemish mas-
ters who lived before Rembrandt,
Dr. De Vries presented illustra-
tions of first Rembrandt's land-
scape dawings and etchings and
then his landscape paintings.
Dr. de Vries is Director of the
Mauritshuis at the Hague. He is
in this country to accompany an
exhibition of Dutch paintings that
will open tonight at the Toledo
Museum of Art.
G E R T A AND HER PALS - Gerta Muck, flve,
whose father keeps 12 raccoons and 20 beavers in his garden,
takes two of the raccoons for an airing in West Berlin, Germany,
S I D E W A LK. S E R V I C E -'Brokerage offices on
wheels like this, at Wall Street, New York, will be sent out in
Newark, Chicago and Boston by New York Stock Exchange flam
A FAN PROTESTS
--- President Eisenhower ob-
jects to the umpire's decision
on a close play during a May
Washington Senators-New York
Yankees game in Washington.,
NEW NEW NEW
EVERYTHING NEW AT THE
BUSINESS MACHINES SHOW
January 6, 7 - 9 P.M. and January 7, 1-5, 7-9 P.M.
Rackham Building, University of Michigan Campus
ADMISSION FREE - PRIZES
This ad sponsored by
A M E R I C A N H ON 0 R E D - Jacqueline Cochran is greeted by International Air Feder.
ation i1liclals at Istanbul, Turkey. after receiving Federation Medal as year's outstanding pilot.