THE MCHIGA:N DAILY
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1854
THE MICHIGAN DAILY WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1954
JUST ANOTHER DAY?
Slogans Won't Save You
But Thinking May
TODAY IS just another day, except that it is When people get so careless in their think-
being called Safe Driving Day. Today all ing as to reduce their every act to a ridiculous
kinds of emphasis will be on automobile safety. gamble, as most drivers do, things are bad
indeed. But if each individual driver would
only take the infinitesimally small trouble of
the most dangerous addition to civilization stopping to think what safety means to his own
(more so than the atom bomb). While his car chances of remaining alive, the number of
radio reminds him what Day it is, his speed- accidental deaths would nosedive. ( Accidental'
ometer hovers dizzily on high. He drives up a is actually the wrong term. Accidents can't
convenient telephone pole still thinking it be prevented. Most automobile deaths and in-
can't happen to him; or he is unable to stop
in time to avoid adding several others to his Juries can be.)
own obituary. ALL IT TAKES is some thinking. Brilliantly
colored posters won't do it. Clever slogans
CONSIDER THE poor obituary writer. Right won't do it. Setting aside a Day for special
next to his typewriter is an adding ma- devotion won't do it. Each individual, acting
chine, a most unnecessary adding machine. alone, can do it.
There is absolutely no reason why obituary He need only ask himself: How intensely
writing should be a full-time job. And all that do I want to remain alive and in good physi-
is really needed to put him on a part-time cal condition?
basis is a little more thinking by everyone. --Jim Dygert
"Hold It, George--We've Decided To Try For
A Balanced World"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
McCarthy Aims To Stop GOP
In 1956, Lead 'Hard Core'
By WALTER LIPPMANN
FOR HIMSELF personally the President need
not defend himself against McCarthy's
slander, and he might well remember the say-
ing that a man can be insulted only by his
equals. The slanderous accusation that anti-
McCarthyism is an attempt to prevent the de-
tection of Communists has been thrown by the
Senator not only at the President but at nearly
half the Republicans and at all the Democrats
In the Senate.
Is there a political purpose in all this ap-
parent recklessness? And if so, what is this
calculation upon which Sen. McCarthy is act-
ing? That he is acting deliberately, that there
Is a policy behind his bitter words, is plain
enough. If he was merely, as Sen. Dirksen has
argued, "an alley fighter" who loses his temper,
he would have lost his temper when the Sen-
ate voted to condemn him. Instead he waited
until the Senate had adjourned and could not
react to a new contempt. He then prepared a
statement designed deliberately to make ir-
reparable his break with the Administration.
HE CALCULATION behind this action is,
I believe, to be found in his reading of the
November election returns. On a cold appraisal
the returns showed, first; that the Democrats
are still the majority party and, second, the
returns showed that within the Republican
party the largest segment of the hard core
belongs to the anti-Eisenhower wing. The ba-
sic position of the Republican party is one
where a national victory, such as Eisenhower
brought in 1952, calls for a course of action
which appeals to independents and to Demo.
crats but violates the convictions of the Re-
publican hard core.
This means that McCarthy can have no im.
portant part to play in the Republican party
when it is working to win the White House. He
is nothing but a dangerous nuisance when the
Republicans are in the White House. For the
road to the White House demands a policy,
like Eisenhower's, which is acceptable to mil-
lions of indeiendents and liberal Democrats.
McCarthy, on the other hand, can be a power
in the land only by being the boss of the
hard core minority of Republican reaction-
aries. He will be more .of a boss and more of
a power insofar as that hard core is all the
Republican party there is.
Almost certainly he has read the November
election returns as indicating that a Repub-
lican victory in 1956 will be difficult for any
candidate to achieve, and that a victory is
very easy for the right wing to prevent. His
own political fortunes depend upon preventing
another victory by the Eisenhower elements of
the Republican party. His very survival as an
Important figure depends upon a Republican
defeat in the national elections. For in a Re-
publican defeat the survivors in the Senate
would be the hard core who are his followers.
In breaking with Eisenhower, in dividing the
party and preparing it for defeat, he is pro-
moting his own political fortunes as boss of
the hard core.
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Eugene Hartwig...................<1..Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers.......................0ity Editor
Jon Sobelof..........................Editorial Director
Pat Roelofs......................Associate City Editor
Becky Conrad.......................Associate Editor
Nan Swinehart......................Associate Editor
Dave Lzvingston....................Sports Editor
Hanley Gurwin............Associats Sports Editor
Warren Wertheimer.........Assocate Sports Editor
Roz Shlmovit.. ... ... ..........Women's Editor
Joy Squires...............Associate Women's Editor
Janet Smith ..............Associate Women's Editor
Dean Morton... , ......C. ief Photographer
Lois Polak............,.....Business Manager
Phil Brunski . .. . . . .Associate Business Manager
Bill Wise .... ....,...... . ..Advertising Manager
Mary Jean Monkoski........"...... Finance Manager
Telephone NO 23-24-1
IT IS DIFFICULT to avoid the impression
that Sen. Knowland has been acting on a
similar estimate of the political prospects. In
an altogether different tone of voice, with al-
together different manners, no doubt with very
different feelings, he has put himself on the
same ground as McCarthy. He has broken with
the Administration on the notion that investi-
gation must not be "curtailed to the slightest'
degree" and that in the Far East we should
proceed at once to acts of war.
Thus Mr. Knowland too has broken with the
Administration, though not yet in a manner
which makes the break irreparable. I do not
believe that he is compelled to act as he does
out of sheer conviction: if he were thoroughly
convinced that a warlike action is a patriotic
duty, he could not consistently have particiliat-
ed as Republcan leader in the reduction of the
armed forces. I may well be wrong. But the
readier explanation of Mr. Knowland's break
with the Eisenhower administration is that he
too is expecting Republican defeat in 1956,
and is preparing to become the leader of the
hard core of the Republican survivors.
These breaks in the Party are disagreeable
for the President. But they can be, indeed there
is some reason for thinking that they have
been, a clarification of his own choices and po-
sition. Until recently, until the election returns
came in and could be studied, the President was
torn between two lines of action. One was to
rally his own great national following behind
what would be in Congress a coalition. The
other line of action was to try to unite the
Republicans by appeasing the right wing and
by antagonizing the independents and the
McCarthy violently, Knowland moderately,
have deprived the President of that choice. The
argument around the White House is over. If
Eisenhower is to be a successful President, it
cannot be the vain attempt to "unite" the
irreconcilably disunited wings of his party. It
can be only by uniting behind himself the
great popular national majority who were there
when he was elected, who are there today,
waiting only for the standard to be raised
to which they can rally.
DO NOT know, and I believe no one can
know, what will happen in 1956 if the Pre-
sident makes himself the leader of the country
and if the Democrats and if the Eisenhower Re-
publicans cooperate with him. But, to para-
phrase the recent remark of Churchill's, elec-
tions exist for the sake of the government and
not the government for the sake of elections.
Somehow or other it will pay off if the na-
tional men in both parties decide to see the
country through its dangerous trials, and they
will all sleep better at night, they will all like
better their own faces when they look at them
in the mirror the next morning.
(Copyright, 1954, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
New Books at the Library
Blumberg, Nathan B.-One Party Press?,
Lincoln, Nebraska, University of Nebraska,
Hunt, Frazier-The Untold Story of Douglas
MacArthur, New York, The Devin-Adair Co.,
Ives, Burl-Burl Ives' Tales of America, New
York, The World Publishing Company, 1954.
O'Casey, Sean-Sunset and Evening Star,
New York, The Macmillan Company, 1954.
Selby, John-The Man Who Never Changed,
New York, Rinehart & Company, Inc., 1954.
THE POWER of consumers to influence eco-
nomic fluctuations will not be the same in
different economies. In a subsistence economy,
in which the entire income of most consumers is
devoted to the acquisition of minimum necessi-
ties, the consumer and his attitudes may per-
haps be disregarded. But today in the U.S. we
find substantial discretionary income in the pos-
session of broad groups of people, and also wide-
spread ownership of liquid assets and easy ac-
cess to credit. Moreover, the things that people
consider necessities now include numerous dur-
able goods (automobiles, television sets) the
purchase of which can be postponed or ad-
vanced. Therefore economic psychology is par-
ticularly important in this country at this time.
It is not money in the possession of consum-
ers that moves goods off the shelves; it is peo-
ple who decide to spend their money.
, -I---- ,-_ _ FU 1..., . TV... n
THE FOUR CONTINENTS':
Sir Osbert Sitwell's New
Book a 'Literary Event'
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following review was contributed by Cpl. Russell C.
Gregory, a recent University graduate now stationed at Fort Knox, Ky.)
"THE FOUR CONTINENTS," by Sir Osbert Sitwell.
SOMETIMES books are hailed as publishing events, which means,
one must suppose, that the publisher will realize large profits.'Now
and then appears a book that can be termed a literary event, be-
cause its author is an artist. Such is Sir Osbert Sitwell's "The Four
Continents," a book of essays ostensibly on travel, but in reality con-
cerned with many things, both great and small, none of which is
A book of travel essays is, in itself, not unique. But this book was
designed as an entire work and carried out according to that design.
"Essays" usually mean a scissors-and-paste assemblage of pieces
tality between hard covers. It is rare to find a collection of essays
first published in periodicals and later offered a chance for immor-
conceived and executed according to a plan which leaves each of
them complete in itself and yet a part of the larger work, the book.
Sir Osbert's book would be an event of literary significance for
its style if for no other reason. Style, reduced to simplest terms, is
the way in which an author puts one word after another rendering
the total effect of his writing distinct from that of any other writer.
A writer is more or less a stylist, then, as he manipulates his tools-
words-in his personal way, guided by what he has to say and the
format in which he chooses to work his magic.
THE WRITING in "The Four Continents" is that of a master of a
refined style which defies precise exposition. There are certain
things one can point out:
The use of the colon to bring one pause in long, balanced senten-
ces, more characteristic of eighteenth- than of twentieth-century
(Continued from Page 2)l
Applications for Engineering Researchl
Institute Fellowships to be awarded, for
the spring semester, 1954-1955, are now
being accepted in the office of the
Graduate School. The stipend is $875
per semester. Application forms are
available from the Graduate School.'
Only applicants who have been em-
ployed by the Institute for at least one
year on at least a half-time basis are
Applications and supporting material
are due in the office of the Graduate
School not later than 4:00 p.m., Fri.,
Kenneth Smith of. Camp Charlevoix,
Michigan, will be on campus Wed. and
Thurs. of this week to interview pros-1
pective camp counselors for a boys'
camp. He would like men at least
twenty years of age. Camping experi-
ence is not necessary. Mr. Smith will3
be available Wed. from 1:00-5:00 p.m.,l
and Thurs. from 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. in
The following house groups and stun
dent organizations have registered
Alpha Epsilon Iota
Delta Theta Phi
Japanese Student Club
Lutheran Student Association
Theta Delta Chi
Alpha Sigma Phi
Episcopal Student Foundation
Evans Scholars (Standish House)
Gilbert and Sullivan Society
J-Hop weekend. Social chairmen of
student groups participating in J-Hop
week end; Feb. 4, 5, 1955, should file
applications for approval for specific
events on or before Jan. 21, in the Of-
fice of Student Affairs, 1020 Administra-
Fraternities housing women guests
for the week-end must clear housing ar-
rangements in the Office of the Dean
of Women, 1514 Administration, before
applications for specific parties are pre-
sented to the Office of Student Affairs.
Inasmuch as individual overnight per-
missions cannot be granted to women
students until social events have been
finally approved, it is essential that ap-
provals be secured as soon as possible.
Feb. 4: Chaperones for pre-Hop break-
fasts may be the chaperon-in-residence
or one married couple. Pre-Hop dinners
must end at the hour designated and
the fraternity closed to callers during
the hours of the J-Hop. (Exception:
Those fraternities housing women over-
night guests may remain open during
the Hop and the chaperon-in-residence
must, be at the house.) The house may
re-open for breakfast if desired at 2:00
a.m. Breakfasts must close in suffi-
cient time to allow women students
to return to their- residences by 4:00
a.m. Fraternities occupied by women
guests must be closed to fraternity
members promptly at 4:00 a.m. follow-
ing the breakfast. No housedances will
be approved on this night.
Feb. 5: Women students will be grant-
ed 2:30 a.m. late permission Sat, night.
Closing hours for events on this night
may be registered accordingly, Houses
which are accommodating women over-
night guests, but which do not plan a
party in the house on Sat. night will
observe the customary calling hours for
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agriculture
Stabilization & Conservation Commit-
tee, Lansing, Mich.-County Officer Au-
ditor 08-7, requires traveling. Experi.
ence is necessary-at least four years.
Education may be substituted for ex-
perience at the rate of one year of
study in school above high school level,
and including an average of 6 semester
hours a year in accounting, for 9
months of experience up to a maximum
of 4 years of educ. for 3 years of experi-
ence. Teaching of accounting in a col-
lege or university may be substituted'
for experience at the same rate.
Civil Service Commission of Canada
announces positions open for Junior
Administrative Officers to work in the
following branches: Indian Affairs, Ag-
riculture, Fisheries, Labor, Nat'l. De-
fense, Defense Production, Citizenship
and Immigration, Nat'l. Revenue, Public
Printing and Stationery, Finance
(Treasury Board Div.), To apply you
must be a graduate of a university or
college of recognized standing, or to re-
ceive your degree in 1955, and must not,
have passed your 27th birthday on Sept.
For further information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, Room 3528
Admin. Bldg., Ext. 371.
Engineering Senior and Graduate Stu-
dent Seminar: The series of meetings
on "Human Relations for the Engineer,"
originally scheduled for this semester,
have been postponed until the second
semester, starting Wed., Feb. 16 at 4:00
p.m., Room 311, West Engineering Bldg.
Sociology Colloquium: Dr. Kingsley
Davis of Columbia University will dis-
cuss "Problems and Ideas in Compara-
tive Urban Research" at 4:00 p.m. Wed.,
Dec. 15, in the East Lecture Hall of the
Rackham Bldg. A pre-holiday coffee
hour will precede the Colloquium from
2:45-3:45 p.m. in the Sociology Lounge,
5607 Haven Hall.
Doctoral Examination for Roberta
Smith Hartman, Bacteriology; thesis.
"An Electrophoretic Method for the
Titration of Antiserum and its Applica-
tion to Anti-Tumor Serum," Dec. 15,
1566 East Medical Bldg., at 3:00 p.m.
Chairman, W. J. Nungester
Doctoral Examination for Martha Te-
--: Rs '. hr.... Anp-. hi-. "A
peets of Protein Biosynthesis inDevel-
opment," Thurs., Dec. 16, at 4:15 p.m.,
401 Interdisciplinary Seminar on the
Application of Mathematics to Social
Science will meet Thurs., Dec. 16, Room
3401 Mason Hall, 4:00-5:30 p.m. C. H.
Coombs and S. Komorita will speak on
"Measuring the Utility of Money.
Seminar in Applied Mathematics will
meet Thurs., Dec. 16, at 4:00 pa. in
Room 247 West Engineering. T. B. Curtz
of WRRC will speak on, "Inequalities
Involving Cylindrical Functions."
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics.
Thurs., Dec. 16, at 4:00 p.m., in Room
3201, Angell Hall. Miss Irene Hess will
discuss Chapter VI in Cochrane's Sam-
Fluid Mechanics Colloquium, spon-
sored by Dept. of Aeronautical Engi-
neering, Thurs., Dec. 16, 2:00 p.m.,
Room 1504 East Engineering Bldg. Ed-w
ward spiegel of the Astronomy Depart-
ment will discuss "Theory ofCTurbu-
lence." recently developed by Chandra-
Christmas Concert by UNIVERSITY
CHOIR, Maynard Klein, Conductor, 8:30
p.m., Wed., Dec. 15, in Hill Auditorium.
Soloists: Phyllis McFarland, soprano,
Arlene Sollenberger, contralto, -Harold
?Laugh, tenor, Philip Duey, bass, and
Nelson Hauenstein, flute. The program
will include "0 Magnum Mysterium"
by Victoria, "Omnes Gentes" by Ga-
brieli, "Sing Ye to the Lord" by J. S.
Bach, "A Hymn to the Virgin" by Ben-
jamin Britten, Ralph Vaughan Wil-
liams' "Magnificat," and Anton Bruck-
ner's "Te Deum." Open to the public
Student Recital. Mary Patricia Hames,
cellist and violist, will be heard at 8:30
p.m. Thurs., Dec. 16, in Auditorium A,
Angell Hall, in a program presented in
partial fulfillment of the requirements
for the Bachelor of Music degree. Miss
Hames studies cello. with Oliver Edel
and viola with Robert Courte. Her re-
cital will include works by Bocherini
Handel, and Brahms.
La Sociedad Hispanica will combine
with LE CERCLE FRANCAIS for the an-
nual Christmas party Wed., Dec. 15, at
the Union at 7:30 p.m. Entertainment,
refreshments, and caroling afterward.
Michigan Dames: The Bridge Group
will meet Wed., Dec. 15, 7:30 p.m. at the
League. Short discussion about chang-
ing the time of the meeting. Members
are asked to bring a deck of cards.
Mrs. Hunter, Group Sponsor, will help
Research Club. Dec. 15, at 8:00 p.m.
in Rackham Amphitheatre. Papers will
be presented by H. R. Crane (Physics),
on, "Dating the Past by Means of Ra-
dioactivity," and by Russell H. Fifield
(Political Science) on, "The Armistice
in Indochina." Open to members only.
Episcopal Student Foundation. Stu-
dent Breakfast at Canterbury House,
Dec. 15, after the 7:00 a.m. Holy Com-
munion. Student-Faculty Tea from 4:00
to 5:15 p.m., Wed., Dec. 15, at Canter-
bury House. Student-conducted Even-
song at 5:15 p.m., Wed., Dec. 15, in the
Chapel of St. Michael and All Angels.
Sigma Alpha Eta, speech correction
fraternity, will hold its annual Christ-
mas Party in the Michigan Room of
the Michigan League Wed., Dec. 15, at
7:30 p.m. All interested students wel-
The Common Sense Party will elect
officers Wed., Dec. 15 at 4:30 p.m. in
the Michigan Union. Students interest-
ed in joining CSP may obtain member-
ship cards at this meeting.
Wesleyan Guild. Wed., Dec. 15. Mid-
week Worship in the chapel at 5:15
p.m., Mid-week Tea in the lounge,
4:00 to 5:15 p.m.
Movies. Free movies, "Rocky Moun-
tain Trout" and "Ruby-Throated Hum-
ming Bird," Dec. 14-20. 4th floor exhib-
it hall, Museums Buiding, daily at 3:00
and 4:00 p.m., including Sat. and Sun.
Special showing Wed. at 12:30. Open to
the public free of charge.
WSF Bible Study from 7:00-8:00 p.m.
First Baptist Church. Wed., Dec. 15,
3:30-4:30 p.m. Beth's Music Hour. 4:30-
5:45 p.m. Tea in Guild House.
ULLR Ski Club will meet at 7:30 p.m.
Wed. in Room L&M of the Union.
Pershing Rifles. Meet at TCB at 1930
hrs. Wed., Dec. 15 for regular Company
drill. Bring gym shoes.
Lutheran Student Association. Wed.,
4:00-5:30 p.m. Coffee Break atA the Cen
*er, corner of Hill St. and Forest Ave.
Wed., 7:15 p.m. Annual Christmas Car-
oling Party at the Center followed by
a party given by the Rev, and Mrs. H.
Christian Science Organization Testi-
monial Meeting, 7:30 p.m. Thurs., Fire-
side Room, Lane Hall.
International Center Tea. Thurs., Dec.
16, 4:30-6:00 p.m., Rackham Building.
NAACP. Last meeting of the semes-
ter Thurs., Dec. 16 at 7:30 p.m. in the
Michigan Union. New officers will be
elected and a 1955 program will be
English Journal Club will meet at 8:00
p.m., Thurs., Dec. 16, in Rackham, Am-
phitheater. Associate Prof. Frederick.
Wyatt of psychology and Assistant
Prof. Herbert C. Barrows of English will
discuss "Some Possible Uses of Psychol-
ogy in Literary Criticism." Faculty and.
graduate students of the Psychology
Departmentare invited to participate
In the discussion..
La P'tite Causette will meet Thurs.,
Dec. 16 from 3:30-5:00 p.m. in the left
room of the Michigan Union, cafeteria.
Venez tous et pa'rlez francais.
Episcopal Student Foundation. Stu-
dent Breakfast at Canterbury' House,
Thurs., Dec. 16, after the 7:00 a.m, Holy
WASHINGTON-This week hap-
pens to be the 22nd birthday
of the column which whirls under
the above caption; also ,it's- the
natal anniversary of the author
of the. column; also it's been four
years since Joe McCarthy deliver-
ed an hour-long diatribe on the
Senate floor demanding that this
column be banned by editors, that
Adam hats be boycotted; and
when he first employed Indian
Charlie's below-the-belt tactics in
the men's cloakroom of the Sul-
I do not even get any satisfac-
tion from the fact that Harry Tru-
man, who was quite gleeful over
these two incidents, has now chan-
ged his mind; nor that Senator
Watkins of Utah has changed his.
Senator Watkins, meeting Joe
McCarthy the next day, remarl-
ed: "Joe, the newspapers differ
as to where you hit him, but I
hope both accounts were right"
A lot of people besides Senator
Watkins have changed their
minds since then. They realize.
that, far more important than
anything that happened to me,
the country has suffered and a lot
of people have suffered-innocent
people who couldn't defend them-
selves. I was able to defend my-
self. Most of my editors stuck by
me loyally, and .though I did lose.
my radio sponsor, a lot of other
radio stations and sponsors have
come to my support.
What Happened to Other
But I do want to record some of
the things that have happened to
other people, little people who have
been forgotten and pushed aside
in Joe's rush for bigger and, bet-
One of the first men he listed as"
a Communist in the State Depart-
ment was Val Lorwin, then a labor
adviser. McCarthy cited his name
in February 1950 when he first
charged, in Wheeling, W. Va., that
there were "205 card-carrying
Communists known to the Secre-
tary of State." Next day' he chan-
ged the figure to 57, and the day
after to 81.
And though General Bedell
Smith, Republican Undersecre-
tary of State, swore under oath
last year that not one Communist
had been found ini the State De-
partment, Val Lorwin wasindt
ed for perjury when he denied he
was a Communist.
That was approximately four
years ago. And four years'Lorwin
lived under a cloud, unable to clear
his name, unable to make much
of a living. He had no money, but
he borrowed some. A lot of friends
helped him, and Jiggs Donohue,
former commissioner of the Dis-
trict of Columbia, generously de-
fended his case for cost.
Finally, the Justice Department,
went into court and asked that the
case be dismissed. There was no
evidence on which to base a pro-
Some people claim: "Joe Mc-
Carthy did a good job cleaning up
Communists, so he should be for-
given some of his mistakes."
Unfortunately they forget that
Joe didn't start on Communism
tuntil 1950, by which time the Jus-
tice Department had already in-
dicted the top Communist leaders
of the nation. I had exposed the
Soviet spy ring in China in Feb-
ruary, 1946, the year McCarthy
was elected to the Senate. I had
warned the State Department
about Alger Hiss, also in 1946; and
exposed the Russian blueprint la-
boratory in a Silver Spring, Md.,
basement in September, 1947.
Joe was four years late waking
up to thi's danger, but when he did
wake up, he made so many accu-
sations that he started a wave of
terroristic , tactics in government
that sometimes out-McCarthied
McCarthy. That is one of the.
worst results of McCarthyism:
those who are afraid they will be
exposed by Joe if they don't out-
For instance, in July 1953, the
Navy Department, suspended Ab.
raham Chasanow,, after twenty
years' service.; No charge was, plac-
ed against him. For one whole
year he couldn't even find, 'out-
what the suspicion was. Finally
the Washington newspapers, took
up his case, and the Navy' belated-.
ty restored Chasanow with '.a for-
mal and public apology.
Again, take the case- of a pro-
fessional witness for the Justice
Department, Paul Crouch.. Mr.
Crouch has been going around the
country testifying against all; sorts
of people and making a good liv-.
ing from Uncle Sam-$9,000 a
year--as a professional' witness.'
But when he testified against Ja-
cob Burck, Pulitzer Prie winning
cartoonist for' the Chicago Sun-
Times,; that, paper turned round
and investigated him.
It found that, whereas Crouch
testified he, had been an editor of
the Miami 'Herald, Editor George
The dependence upon the predi-
cates for both action and color;
The insertion of short sentences
to lend the longer ones dignity and
Certainly, however, these are al-
most mechanical features that any
craftsman can detect and adapt to
his purposes without hint of imita-
This Sitwell's style, like that of
any first-rate stylist, is as involved
and complex as his artistic person-
ality. The books he has read and
written, the cities and countrysides
he has visited, the canvases and
sculptures and buildings seen, the
music heard and sung, etc.; Sir
Osbert's entire "education" in the
Adams meaning, coupled with his
artistic intent, have determined his
style. It can not be duplicated, of
course, and to define it-were that
possible-would be of small profit,
since the definition would apply to.
no one else, not even another Sit-
well, and imitation might be en-
couraged, an undesirable thing, ex-
cept, perhaps, in a young writer
groping for method.
0 RECOGNIZE the style, to ap-
preciate its achievement, to sa-
vor the product on the mind's pa-
late as fine wine is savored on the
tongue; such are the reader's pleas-
ures. The results of Sir Osbert's
"education" are obvious: The writ-
ing has a natural dignity and au-
thority, as an aristocrat of art
should write; the ripeness and
roundness of the flow of words de-
nate high maturity of mind in a
man whose arduous apprenticeship
produced artistic mastery. When he
leaves a sentence, or a paragraph,
or an essay, he leaves it realized
beyond change. It looks, sounds,
and "feels" free in a way that
proves its pedigree in hard work,
selection, version and revision, in
mind, not accident.
Sir Osbert gave his book struc-
ture by uing as framework the
four essays, "Air, "Fire" "Water,"
and "Earth," the elements which
ancients thought composed the
world. That they are not elements
in the science of today does not dis-
turb the writer. He considers that
these four aspects have been at
least elemental concepts and con-
siderations in all men, and the per-
ception of them, and the adapta-
tions to them, have been manifest-
ed in the civilized productions of
man. As the elements vary, the
continents vary, man varies, and
fine as anything written on the city.
Poly-everything New York has
challenged American writers since
it emerged from the village-town
chryslais into the city butterfly.
Whitman, Howells, James, Hart
Crane, Christopher Morley, E. B.
White: these have seen and essayed
the city in a few shimmering para-
graphs. One long sentence which
opens his remarks on the city must
"Who can laud enough its unique
glories o r adequately inveigh
against its equally unmatched
squalors, who can sufficiently
praise its beauty, its towers that
are not to be believed, its air of
gaiety and of bustle, its museums,
noble or fantastic, and its places of
learning, its varnished acres of
plate glass, or denounce- its great
white fields of floating paper lifted
up by the dark wind in the waste
spaces of Harlem; who can raise
for your eyes the violent vagaries
of its climate, the long reign of
golden days in the autumn that
culminates in diurnal mountains of
snow, its rabid heats and sudden
rages; what pen can summon up
for the reader the sounds of the
horns of a thousand motorcars
barking in unitedeand exacerbated
protest against being held up in a
traffic block far down under the
enormous rock-like buildings, or,
for example, the other-worldly ex-
hilaration of lunching in the club
on the Chrysler Building's seven-
tieth story, so that you look down
on a strange prospect composed of
clouds and the tops of other sky-
scrapers; who can picture for you,
reader, the rows of polygot holiday-
makers resting on benches in the
sunshine of Central Park, or paint
for you the ingenuity of that de-
signed landscape, with its lakes and
tunnels and flights of steps; who
can describe for you the strange-
ness of arrival in the city either by
boat or train, of the first sight of its
lillied skyline from the water, or
from the railway, of the passing
glimpse of the ranks of the dingy
squat houses of Harlem, with sable
young noses pressed palely against
panes of the windows so that flash-
ing eyes can watch the trains go
There has been no prose like Sir
Osbert's on any city since Dick-
ens and Lamb wrote of London, and
such prose, which is reporting, aft-
er all, raised to its highest level,
is rare any day on any subject.