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December 14, 1954 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1954-12-14

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Regents Should Approve
SGC
See Page 4

Yl r e

lt rigau
Latest Deadline in the State

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742 a t 149

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VOL. LXV, No.69 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1954

EIGHT PAGES

Tax Slash Delay
Proposed by Ike
Cancellation of Planned Reduction
Part of GOP Legislative Program
WASHINGTON W-A big chunk of President Eisenhower's legis-
lative program was laid before Republican congressional leaders yes-
terday including, one of them said, a plan to postpone about three
billion dollars in tax relief scheduled for next year.
The congressional informant, who declined to be quoted by name,
reported the administration will ask the 84th Congress to extend the
present corporate income tax rate of 52 per cent and existing excises
on automobiles, alcoholic beverages and other big selling items.
Sharp cuts in these taxes are scheduled to go into effect April 1
unless Congress acts.
The GOP leaders met with Eisenhower and members of his Cabi-

Peiping Radio Charges
{.::... U.S. Shows Contei pt
jt.. kFor International Law

+?

PARDONFD:
Boggie Case
Unraveled
By 'Court'

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is
fourth in a series of articles on
Court of Last Resort.)

the
the

By JIM DYGERT
The story behind Clarence Bog-
gie's arrest for the murder of Mor-
itz Peterson was extremely diffi-
cult for Erle Stanley Gardner to
untangle.,
Boggie had been involved in a
robbery in Idaho with a convict
who had forced him to participate
in the crime. Gardner, after taking
up the case for the Court of Last
Resort, interviewed this convict
and discovered that he and Boggie
had been together in Spokane about
the time of Peterson's murder.
Spokane police had wanted this
convict in connection with a rob-
bery and kidnapping. But he was
not apprehended until both he and
Boggle were caught in the Idaho
robbery. Washington wanted to ex-
tradite him for trial on the pre-
vious charge but the convict saw
opportunities in Spokan's anxious-
ness to solve the Peterson case.
Gardner surmises that he tried
to deal with Washington authorities
by naming the man who killed Pe-
terson. At any rate, he was not ex-
tradited to Washington. And the po-
lice returned from Idaho claiming
they knew who had killed Peterson.
"The Fall Guy'
They had with them a pair of
coveralls and a pair of black shoes
which the convict told them Boggie
said were the property of "the old
man." Boggie was the fall guy. The
convict told Washington authorities
that Boggie had killed Peterson.
But the coveralls did not belong to
Peterson and the shoes were the
wrong size, and, although the po-
lice examined Boggie from all an-
gles, the Peterson murder went
once again into the unsolved file.
Many months later and "on a
tip" the officers went to a place
near a small Oregon town and
found an overcoat, which evidence
showed Boggie had worn. Peter-
son's daughter identified the coat
as her father's. Police swarmed
down on Boggie.
The murderer had been described
as bushy-haired, so officers un-
ruffled Boggie's hair when wit-
nesses came. Boggie's story of how
he got the overcoat was prepos-
terous. He claimed to have bought
it for a dollar from a man who
walked into a clothing store and
offered to sell it to the proprietor,
who refused.
Witnesses who had not seen the
murderer's face identified Boggie
as "looking like" the man who had
been fleeing from Peterson's shack,
although this was two years now
after the murder. There was not
even a line-up. They were just
brought in and asked if Boggie was
the man,
The prosecution's case rested
mainly on the identification of the,
overcoat, despite the fact that the
man seen running from the scene
of the crime had been neither car-
rying nor wearing an overcoat.
There were other angles .to the.
case, too, some of which were in
Booggie's favor. But, when he tried
to explain the situation and tell hisr
story, he was asked if it were true
that he had twice been convicted of
a felony.
Sentenced to Lifet
Boggie had to admit he had been.
He was convicted and sentenced toi
life imprisonment.
That was how the Court of Last

net for six hours and 15 minutes
at the White House.
Report Doesn't Mention Cuts
A statement issued by the White
House after the conference did not
mention the Administration's re-
ported decision to seek a post-
ponement of the tax cuts, although
it said the government's fiscal
situation was discussed.
The statement disclosed there
was preliminary discussion of these
and other proposals the President
will submit to Congress in Janu-
ary:
1. Extension of the Defense Pro-
duction Act and the law providing
for reorganization of executive
agencies.
2. Continuation of the Small Busi-
ness Administration.
3. Statehood for Hawaii shelved
by the last Congress.
4. Increased presidential author-
'ity to cut tariffs.
5. A 10-year multibillion dollar
program of highway buidling.
6. Wage adjustments for the fed-
eral service and elimination of in-
equities in pay scales in the post-
al service.
7. Revision of the Constitution to
lower the voting age to 18 or there-
abouts-rejected by the last Con-
gress.
Humphrey Announcement
The administration's tax deci-
sion was reported in the wake of
Secretary of the Treasury George
Humphrey's announcement a week
ago that the budget cannot be bal-
anced for thebfiscal year beginning
July 1. A deficit of about 4 mil-
lion dollars is in prospect for the
current fiscal year.
Earlier in the day, Sen. Eugene
Millikin (R-Colo.), asked by report-
ers whether the session was har-
monious, replied with a smile:
"Oh, yes-like a cooing dove."
It has been generally expected
that the Administration would be
forced to call for postponement of
tax cuts.
Will Cost $2 Billion
Unless Congress agrees on an
extension, the corporation tax rate
will drop from 52 per cent to 47
April 1, costing the Treasury about
two billion dollars a year in reve-
nue.
Reductions are also scheduled
for the excise tax rates on such
big sellers as gasoline, cigarettes,
whisky, wine, beer, automobiles
and trucks.
The corporation income tax rate
was hiked by the Truman Admin-
istration during the Korean War.
Aid For Asia
Another congressional leader said
Administration aides brought up the
subject of an expanded economic
aid program for Asia, although no
specific figures were mentioned.
Eisenhower will lay his plans be-
fore the new Congress formally
next month in his State of the Un-
ion message.

--Daily-Dean Morton
CHILDREN AND CHRISTMAS-Ann Arborites take their children along In their search for the
appropriate Christmas gift for everyone on their lists. This December is no exception as the perennial
Christmas rush gathers momentum. Most of the local merchants report business is running slightly
ahead of last year's pace. Chamber of Commerce Manager Robert L. Gage said business is "holding
steady to last year or better." Gage talked to 16 Ann Arbor businessmen last week while preparing
a report on Christmas business. Only exception has occurred in stores selling ladies ready-to-wear
apparel, Gage said. He attributed this largely to the unseasonally warm weather so far this month.
Contrary to rumors that local business was below par, a downtown jeweler thought there was
nothing to worry about, although it "is still too early to tell." Monday evenings have been especially

">i

rushed, Gage indicated. Last
carport, he said.

ACTION FRIDAY?:
SL Faces Uncertainty
As Regents W eigh SGC
By DAVE BAAD
Student Legislature, sidelined by students last week in favor of
Student Government Council faces uncertainty in the months ahead.
The results of last week's two-day student referendum endorsing
SGC by a heavy 5,102 to 1.451 count will be sent to University Regents
for possible action Friday.
SL, regardless of the Regents action, is in a tenuous situation.
If~the Regents recognize SGC as the new University student gov-

Monday there were only four empty spaces left in the Maynard St.

J!)int ,Judic
Petitions for Joint Judiciary
Council must be turned in by
Friday at Student Legislature
headquarters in Quonset A near
Waterman gym.
Five students will be select-
ed to serve for one-year terms
on the basis of their petitions
and subsequent interviews.
Charity Drive
Called False
Two men were arrested by Ann
Arbor police yesterday for selling
plastic flowers on downtown
streets.
They were charged with obtain-
ing money under false pretenses.
Earlier the city Chamber of Com-
merce had filed a complaint with
Prosecutor Edmond F. Devine that
the men falsely claimed to be rep-
resenting the Disabled American
Veterans.

BILL OF RIGHTS DAY:
Peek Sees Curtailment
Of Freedom of Speech j
By PETE ECKSTEIN
College students aren't as free to speak as they once were.
.This was the observation of Prof. George Peek of the political sci-
ence department in connection with Bill of Rights Day tomorrow. It
has been 163 years since that Dec. 15 during Washington's administra-
tion when the first ten amendments to the Constitution were adopted.
Prof. Peek commented that during the 1930's very radical views

Official Held
In Alabama
Murder Case
GALVESTON, Tex. P) - Ala
bama's attorney general, Sila
Garrett III, yesterday was linke
to the murder that touched off
crackdown on the honky tonk
and hoodlums of Phenix City, Ala
Sheriff's deputies walked int
John Sealy Hospital here, hande
Garrett papers naming him a fu
gitive on a first degree murder in
dictment, and placed him in tech
nical arrest in the fatal shootini
of Albert L. Patterson.
Patterson, a vice-crusading at
torney, was shot in an alley i
Phenix City a few days after hi
won the nomination to sucee
Garrett as attorney general.
Causes Martial Law
The shooting caused martia
law to be declared in the free an
easy little city on the Chattahoo
chee River. Since then, indict
ments have been returned agains
749 persons there on charges rang-
ing from prostitution and gam-
bling to murder.
Garrett and two others ar
charged with murder in the Pat-
terson shooting.
Garrett was known to have been
in Birmingham, Ala., when Pat-
terson was slain last June 8.
He had no comment when serv-
ed with the papers on his hospita
bed.
Mental Treatment
For several weeks Garrett has
been under treatment for a men-
tal and physical condition.
Garrett, a member of an old-line
aristocratic Alabama family, also
is under a fraud indictment in
connection with the election which
Patterson won and faces lunacy
charges brought by Alabama's
state circuit solicitor at Birming-
ham.
Public Health
Officer Talks
Dr. Leonatd O. Scheele, Surgeon
General of the United States Pub-
lic Health Service lectured yester-
day on "The Changing Picture of
Public Health."
Dr. Scheele discussed a major
problem in public health, that of
fragmentation. He said that pub-
lic health officers must consider
political, social and economic con-
ditions when solving problems in
public health.
The Surgeon General mentioned
the problem of the diminishing
number of high school science
teachers and the problem of bet-
ter health for children in primary
and secondary school.
One challenge to mental health
programs is the problem of peo-
ple in mental hospitals. A pos-
sible solution might be the use
of foster homes.
Pope Weaker
After Gaining
1A TI A Al*k T UT P T" IN . ..... n - -.

SL will continue to exist and
some members are thinking of in-
troducing legislation to the body
no matter what Regental action
is taken, but primarly the Legisla-
ture will prepare for transferring
appropriate functions to SGC and
- dissolving projects not concerned
s with the new government.
d "Although the Common Sense
a Party will start work implement-
ing its platform into legislation,
SL will have to concentrate on
o transferring functions to SGC,"
d Bob Leacock, '57, said yesterday.
- Leacock received more votes
- than any other candidate in last
- week's SL election.
g If the Regents turn down SGC
or delay action indefinitely, SL
- will still be the student govern-
n ment without support of the stu-
e dents.
d Must Build Confidence
"It will then be up to SL and
CSP to try again to build the con-
l fidence of the students," Sue Levy,
d '56, said yesterday. "A student
- government must be maintained'
- no matter what happens," she
t concluded.
Despite the 3dr- student vote
to drop SL, Leacock thought the
margin would not have too great
ea detrimental effect on the Legis-
- lature.
"Ithf no action is taken on SGC
e Legislature will have to buckle
down. Student support of SL will
depend largely on what the or-,
ganization accomplishes during
the next few years." Leacock add-j
Sed.
Set First Agenda
SL's cabinet met as usual yes-
terday to set the agenda for to-
morrow's first meeting of the new
legislature.
Elections for all cabinet posi-
tions are on the agenda.
1 Twelve members have already
shown interest in joining next se-
mester's cabinet, an excellent
figure considering five positions
were awarded uncontested in a
cabinet election two years ago.
SL President Steve Jelin, '55,
who will officially hand down the
gavel tomorrow, told cabinet mem-
bers "it was a healthy thing to
have so many running for next se-
mester's cabinet."
Marks, Near y
Policy Goals
"The main aim of the elected
members of the Common Sense1
Party will be to try to realize
platform goals," agreed Leah
Marks, '55L and Janet Neary,
Grad, temporary leaders of CSP
yesterday.
CSP which now has eight elect-1
ed candidates on SL must formu-3
late new plans of operation. Mrs.
Neary explained that a floor lead-'
er will be elected from among the <
CSP members on SL to see that1
members actively participate on<
committees, and attend meetings
regularily.
"Elected members will take af
stand as a party as much as pos-
sible," Mrs. Neary continued, "and
they will be expected to work as
party representatives on past and

I

enmnent, SL's function will be al-
most reduced to one of transition
to the new form of government.
SL Will Continue

Issue Made
Over Holding
'35 Students
Hammarskj old
Message Avoided
LONDON (-The Peiping radio
said yesterday that the United
States would be showing "utter
contempt for international law" if
it insists on holding 35 Chinese stu-
dents who want to go home in re-
taliation for the jailing of 13 Amer-
icans as spies.
The broadcast made no mention
of efforts by UN Secretary Gen-
eral Dag Hammarskjold to arrange
a meeting with Red China's Pre-
mier Chou En-lai regarding the re-
lease of 11 of the 13 Americans be-
ing held by the Chinese.
Persons close to Hammarskjold
said he did not feel the Peiping
radio broadcast yesterday amount-
ed to rejection of .his suggestion
for a face-to-face talk with Prime
Minister Chou En-lai in Peiping
on the prisoner question.
Will Go to Stockholm
He is scheduled to go to Stock-
holm this weekend to take the seat
in the Swedish Academy of Litera-
ture held by his late father.
If Peiping accepts his bid for di-
rect talks while he is in Stockholm,
he could easily fly from there to
the Red Chinese capital.
"No Right to Interfere"
The Red radio said the "United
Nations has no right to interfere
with China's sentencing of the
American spies."
"While making blustering state-
ments about the 13 American
spies," the Peiping Broadcasts
heard ins London said, "the U.S.
State Department announced De.
7 that it refused to allow 35 Chinese
students to return to China."
"The U.S. government had been
forcibly detaining more than 5,000
Chinese students and refusing to al-
low them to return to their own
country.
"Only Showing Contempt"
"If it reaffirms its intention to
retain Chinese students as a meas-
ure of revenge for the conviction
of the American spies, it only shows
the U.S. government's utter con-
tempt for international law."
Some 4,500 Chinese nationals
were in the United States when the
Chinese Communists entered the
Korean War. Gradually, those who
expressed the desire to return to
their homeland have been released.
The State Department still has
refused to permit 35 of those who
wanted to go to China to leave the
country.
Prof. Palmer
Reappointed
By 'U'Senate
Prof. William B. Palmer of the
economics department was re-
elected secretary at a meeting of
the University Faculty Senate yes-
terday.
Prof. Otto G. Graf of the German
department was re-elected as Sen-
ate representative to the Union
Board of Directors, and six per-
sons were chosen for three-year
terms on the 17-member Senate
Advisory Committee on Campus Af-
fairs.
They were Prof. Joseph O. Hal-
ford of the chemistry department;
Prof. John C. Kohl, director of the
Transportation Institute; Prof. Al-
bert C. Spaulding, of the Museum
of Anthropology; Prof. Fred E

Dickinson, of the School of Natur-
al Resources; Prof. Walter A. Rei-
chart of the German department;
and Prof. William G. Dow of the
engineering college.

were fashionable among students,k
have generally limited freedom toe
Davies Advocates
Middle Course'
WASHINGTON (I)-Dismissed
diplomat John Paton Davies Jr.
told a Democratic gathering here
yesterday the United States must
stick to a middle course between
security against subversion and
freedom for the individual.

UNSEEN UNDERGROUND:
Stowe Discusses Fight for Germany

but that social and legal pressures
express such opinions.
He attributed this curtailment
to the pressures of Soviet imperi-
alism and a confusion in many
quarters of soclalism with Commu-
nism.
No Permanent Curtailment
Prof. Peek does not feel that
freedom of speech has been curt-
tailed permanently, but rather
that interpretations of it go in
cycles.
Respect for the individual, the
fundamental core of our Consti-
tutional guarantees, remains a
part of American thinking. Prof.
Peek said. He named the Alien
and Sedition Acts of John Adams'
administration as examples of
other temporary limitations on
the freedoms provided by the Bill
of Rights.
He pointed out that freedom of
religion, another guarantee of the
Bill of Rights, is being interpreted
more liberally by the courts. Cases
of religious groups refusing to sa-
lute the American flag and not be-
ing punished were cited as exam-
ples.
Leslie Comments
Commenting on recent congres-
sional investigations, Prof. William
R. Leslie of the history department
said there seemed to be a trend
toward nsiner the First Amendment.

By MERLE MAYERSTEIN
"Moscow's unseen underground has been on for years, and there
will be no cease-fire in her fight to win Germany," Leland Stowe em-
phasized in his lecture, "Moscow's Underground Fight for Germany"
yesterday.
Formerly a foreign correspondent, Stowe, a Pulitzer Prize win-
ning reporter, has been news and information director of Radio
Free Europe for the past two years, He has penetrated the Iron Cur-
tain before and during World War II as a reporter, and has traveled
through the rest of Europe in the same capacity.
As one of the directors of Radio Free Europe at the headquarters
in Munich, Germany, Stowe was able to see the Soviet underground
at work.
"Since Stalin's death, we have been hearing many cooing noises

Callinig Santa

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