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ISA T URD lA a rOCTOBERa30,n1954
Leonard, Williams Vie
For Lansing Post
"Here He Comes Now"
Republican View.. ..
SINCE 1949 the state of Michigan has suffered
unusually insipid leadership.
Little rapport has marked relations between
a determined Republican legislature and the
gubernatorial office. Despite an impressive leg-
islative record, many of the state's urgent and
definite needs have been neglected.
Tuesday's election will bring to the state's
voters an opportunity to replace this stale lead-
ership with the abilities of a Republican can-
didate who offers his constituents a 30-year
record of service to Michigan.
DONALD S. LEONARD, Republican aspirant
to the state's .governorship, is a Michigan na-
tive with a background of familiarity with the
state's problems. An alumnus of Wayne Uni-
versity and of the University Law School, the
51-year-old candidate is known among col-
leagues from both institutions as a man of un-
usual personal leadership.
President of all his classes at Wayne, he re-
ceived an honorary Doctor of Law Degree from
that University in 1949. He was first president
of the Wayne Alumni Association, and now
heads its Law School Alumni.
A wealth of experience, virtually covering ev-
ery aspect of state affairs, has prepared Leon-
ard for the gubernatorial seat.
A former trooper with the Michigan State
Police, Leonard served as Commissioner from
1947-52, and was Detroit Police Commissioner
His Civil Defense activities have given Leon-
ard an acute perception of needs in that area.
In 1941 he went to England with the American
Civil Defense Mission to study the effects of
Nazi bombing prior to the organization of Uni-
ted States civil defense affairs-in which he
has since played an active role. From 1942-51
he was State Civil Defense Director.
Leonard chaired the Permanent Legislative
Committee for many years, representing Mi-
chigan's circuit judges, police chiefs, sheriffs
and prosecuting attorneys.
The list of his state services continues with
a record of his membership on the Wayne
County Board of Supervisors, from 1952-54, and
with active participation in the Detroit Area
Council's Executive Committee of the Boy
Scouts of America.
MICHIGAN'S CITIZENS, as evidenced by
the primary election, are behind Leonard, and
have given their full support to his contention
that "nothing morally wrong can be politically
'Perhaps the outstanding qualification Leon-
ard offers Michigan voters is his complete free-
don from obligation to any interest group. No
section of the state can claim any commit-
ments of the Republican candidate. Rather
than "glamor," he offers his constituents the
more durable qualifications of integrity and
honesty--qualities which have withstood the
normal temptationto Df civic offices.
SPECIFICALLY, Leonard's campaign plat-
form is one based on fulfillment of the state's
long-neglected needs. He stands for immediate
action on a road-building program which will
provide Michigan with state and county trunk-
lines, farm-to-market roads and city thorough-
fares, and an improved tourist trade.
But Leonard insists that highway improve-
ments first be surveyed, with costs determined,
road locations established and financing ac-
complished, so that the taxpayers may be in-
formed'exactly why and where their money is
to be used.
Leonard's election would insure voters that
a long-needed inspection of state and local
tax structures would be made-an inspection
which has been neglected by the present Gov-
ernor. "The state budget," Leonard has prom-
ised, "can be kept in balance if tax dollars are
spent wisely and thriftily. We must maintain
the lowest possible taxes consistent with sound
and efficient government."
Labor, too, can expect Leonard's relentless
efforts to improve present conditions. In par-
ticular he anticipates a program which will
expedite the handling of workmen's compen-
FULLY AWARE of deep-rooted difficulties
in Michigan's prison system, Leonard plans to
institute a firm policy which will emphasize
the rehabilitation of inmates. He will try to
eliminate politics from prison administration,
and to work for the segregation of young of-
fenders from older criminals.
He has shown particular interest in division
of overcrowded prison structures into units
which would handle no more than 600 men
Leonard's policies on education indicate that
his election would bring equalization of school
opportunities for all school children, without
discrimination. He asks improvement and ex.
pansion of school facilities, and will work to
provide greater incentive for teachers to enter
and stay in the educational profession.
"Korean War veterans," Leonard has stress-
ed "should have the same bonus benefits given
World War II veterans." He will work for pro-
tection of programs for veteran aid.
Leonard's long residence in Detroit has given
him a grasp of its municipal problems and
Democratic View ...
GOV. G. MENNEN WILLIAMS is counting on
his record of the past six years to secure
his re-election on Nov. 2.
The governor is the third governor in the
state to serve three consecutive terms, but is
the second Democrat in Michigan history to
be re-elected since the Civil War. In 1952, the
tide of votes which swept him back to his post
in Lansing was the largest in gubernatorial
Gov. Williams was born in Detroit and was
graduated from the University of Michigan
Law School in 1936. He immediately entered
public service as attorney for the Social Se-
curity Board in Washington.
Between 1938 and 1948, he served in quick
succession as Assistant Attorney General for
Michigan, Executive Assistant to United States
Attorney-General Frank Murphy, and Special
Assistant to the Criminal Division of the Jus-
After working during the war as Air Com-
bat Intelligence Officer, he returned to Michi-
gan to the post of Deputy Director of the Of-
fice of Price Administration for the state. He
then served as a member of the Michigan Li-
quor Control Commission..
SINCE his election to the position of gover-
nor of the state, he has succeeded in meet-
ing an amazing number of the people in Mich-
igan. This is despite the fact that he puts in a
16-hour day regularly. Most of the hand-shak-
ing, for which his opponents criticize him, is
done in his spare time.
He attempts to get opinions from the people
themselves, not only from governmental ex-
perts; through letters and public appearances,
he has done much in bringing government
home to the people of the state.
A look at Gov. Williams' record of the past
six years will reveal his excellence in his po-
ONCE CALLED "Soapy's Folly" by his Re-
publican opponents, the Mackinac Straits
Bridge is now under construction. This is
part of the governor's "Build Michigan" pro-
gram for which he has fought so arduously
in the past and which he promises to continue
In the field of health, more hospitals have
been built during Gov. Williams' administra-
tion than in any comparable period in state
history. He has advocated extending voting
rights to 18-year olds. He has also asked for
a revised election code and has backed two
of the recommendations of a bi-partisan study
commission on election procedures with these
"The first of these (recommendations) is an
effort to achieve bi-partisan local election
boards by providing that the names of appli-
cants be submitted by the county chairman of
the two major political parties. This is a badly
"The second recommendation calls for sub-
mission of a constitutional amendment to elim-
inate the present ex-officio State Board of
Canvassers and to substitute a statutory bi-
partisan board. The present system . . . is
repugnant to justice and to democratic pro-
IN ADDITION, tuberculosis sanatorium
space has been increased by 25 per cent. As a
result, for the first time in Michigan sufficient
beds are now available for TB patients.
More than 5000 beds have been added to
state mental hospitals, mental clinics for chil-
dren have been increased and new hospitals
are being constructed.
During the past six years, old age assistance
minimum payments have been increased by
$20 per month.
For the working man, unemplayment in-
surance and workmen's compensation have
also been increased.
These are only a few of the accomplishments
of the governor. For the farmers, fie has per-
sonally led emergency marketing drives to help
sell bumper crops; teachers, retirement bene-
fits have been increased by 25 per cent; min-
ing has been revived in the Upper Peninsula
through tax relief; the state police have been
increased by almost 13 per cent.
MANY OF these programs have been pushed
through the legislature despite criticisms and
unsuccessful attempts by Republican legisla-
tors to thwart the governor at every turn.
However, Gov. Williams feels that there is
more-much more-to be done.
"Build tomorrow's roads today" is one of
Gov. Williams' campaign promises. One of the
most urgent needs is the construction of ac-
cess roads to the Mackinac Bridge.
To protect the people of Michigan against
increased taxes such as consumer, sales and
state income taxes, the governor has proposed
a corporate profits tax.
An integrated program for road, harbor and
industrial development has been planned by
the governor to take full advantage of the
St. Lawrence Seaway project,
Another point in Gov. Williams' program
is a new industrial safety law. It will replace
the present act which was written in 1909.
HE HAS COME out strongly several times
for a state Fair Employment Practices law.
Since coming into office in 1949, he has urged
the legislature every regular session to adopt
legislation to this end.
"The need for such legislation has never
been greater. Continued discrimination in em-
ployment on grounds of color, religion or an-
cestry is a profound contradiction of Ameri-
It is quite evident from these concrete facts
that Gov. Williams should be sent back to Lan-
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To The Editor:
DEMOCRACY is a word we too
often leave in the class room.
Students forget that democracy in
a free society stretches from the
echelons of government right down
and through such working exam-
ples as club meetings, social activ-
ities and the school they attend. It
is everyone's duty in a free society
to exercise those rights and privi-
leges which he has been bestowed.
Parliamentary procedure is a
means by which one can guaran-
tee democratic processes in organ-
ized clubs and groups.
For this reason, the Union and
League are presenting as a service
to the student body an evening lec-
ture by Prof. Fred Stevenson en-
titled, "Conducting A Business
Meeting: Parliamentary Proce-
dure." In his lecture, which will be
followed by a question and answer
period, Prof. Stevenson will espe-
cially emphasize the importance of
parliamentary ptocedure as a
means by which one can guaran-
tee democratic processes in organ-
ized clubs and groups.
Prof. Stevenson will lecture on
Tuesday evening, Nov. 2, at 7:30
p.m. in rooms 3-KLMN of the
Michigan Union. Make it a date
now to attend.
-Mary Jo Park
* * *
SL Candidates.. .
To the Editor:
WITHIN twelve days, Common
Sense Party will decide upon
party-supported candidates for
Anyone interested in running
as a candidate of the Common
Sense Party, receviing= complete
backing of the party organiza-
tion, apply by calling 3-2804.
WASHINGTON - It's amazing'
what one lone golf ball can do
to a senator. If it hadn't been for
the golf ball President Eisenhower
gave to Senator Schoeppel of Kan-
sas, he might not be having quite
such a hard time getting re-elected
Andy Schoeppel, who represents
one of the most farming states in
the nation, had been wobbling on
90 per cent of parity before the
crucial farm bill vote came up last
summer. Behind the closed doors
of the Senate Agriculture Commit-
tee, Andy actually voted both ways
-for and against 90 per cent price
So Ike took the Kansas Senator
out for a round of gold at Burning
Tree to stiffen his convictions.
And, afterward, Ike gave Andy
one of those coveted golf balls
made especially for Eisenhower
and marked: "Mr. President."
After that Andy voted "right."
So the farmers of Kansas now
have the feeling that Senator
Schoeppel has sold their birthright
for one golf ball.
NOTE--On the other hand, the
grain dealers and elevator men of
Kansas are grateful to Schoeppel
for intervening with the White
House to set aside the grain clean-
up order which would have requir-
ed wheat with too great a percent-
age of rat droppings and weevil to
be used only as cattle feed. When
45 carloads of wheat were seized
for an excess of rat droppings,
Walter Scott of the Kansas City
Grain Exchange got in touch with
Senator Schoeppel, who pressured
the White House. As a result, both
Secretary of Health, Education and
Welfare Oveta Culp Hobby and
Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Ben-
son stepped in and reversed the
Truman grain cleanup order dur-
ing the early months of the Eisen-
hower Administration. It has not
SECRET OIL CONTRIBUTIONS
THIS IS NOT supposed to be pub-
lished until after the election,
and doubtless there will be howls
of anguish when it comes out. How-
ever, this column has just obtained
a confidential list of 21 Texas mil-
lionaires-most of them oilmen-
who have contributed heavily to
the Citizens for Eisenhower during
the closing days of the campaign.
Altogether, the 21 Texans dug
up $56,000 to be pumped into key
states where the race is close. Un-
der the law, their names don't
have to be made public until the
election is over. However, it won't
hurt to let the public know who
they are as of today.
For there may be a good reason
why the oil moguls are especially
generous. They are now trying to
get an increase in one of the big-
gest tax concessions given any
group of American taxpayers-
the oil depletion allowance.
THANKS to this 27% per cent al-
lowance, the oil moguls begin by
figuring only 72 per cent of 'their
gross income for tax purposes in-
stead of 100 per cent. But on top
of this, the oilmen want more,
namely a repeal of a Congressional
amendment providing that the oil
depletion allowance must not ex-
ceed 50 per cent of their net in-
come - that is, after entertain-
ment, business expenses and other
items are deducted.
Furthermore, the oil moguls have
boldly indicated to a Cabinet com-
mittee set up by President Eisen-
hower that if this scheme doesn't
bring them tax relief, they will de-
mand an increase of the 27 per
cent oil depletion deduction.
It will be interesting to see what
(copyright, 1954, by the Bell Syndicate)
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan understhe
authority of the Board in Control of
Eugene Hartwig.......Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers.............. City Editor
Jon Sobeloff......... .Editorial Director
Pat Roelofs........Associate City Editor
Becky Conrad...... .Associate Editor
Xan Swinehart.......Associate Editor
Dave Livingston........Sports Editor
Hanley Gurwin ....Assoc. Sports Editor
.Associate Sports Editor
Roz Shlimovitz...... Women's Editor
Joy Squires..,Associate Women's Editor
Janet Smith..Associate. Women's Editor
Dean Morton.. ...Chief Photographer
Lois Pollak..... ....Business Manager
Phil Brunskill, Assoc. Business Manager
Bill Wise... Advertising Manager
Mary Jean Monkoski Finance Manager
'rTolphnil NC 7'_41
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Talks Must Be on Easing
Tension in Split Germany
By WALTER LIPPMANN
N REGARD TO the timing of the talks, which the Soviet Union is
again proposing, there is no intention anywhere of refusing them.
But there are two main questions. When shall they be held? What shall
be talked about?
« * * «
N REGARD to the timing of the talks, the accords signed last Sat-
urday in Paris have settled one thing definitely, that they must
come after ratification. Until the new accords were reached, the way
was open to proposals by the Soviet Union for the negotiation of a
German peace treaty ahead of, and indeed in place of, a West Europ-
ean system which includes West Germany. Serious proposals of that
kind made after the French Assembly rejected E.D.C. in August would
have made it impossible to negotiate successfully at London and Paris.
The proposals would have had a commanding priority in German, ,in
French, and in a large section of British opinion.
But the Soviet Union made no such proposals, thereby demon-
strating again what the Berlin conference of last winter had shown:
-that they do not now intend to reach an all-German settlement
which requires the relinquishment of Eastern Germany. The opportun-
ity to negotiate about Germany was obvious throughout September
as Mr. Molotov in fact admits in his latest note. But he did not seize
* * * *
FOR THESE reasons, anything they may now propose about Germany
can be made a negotiation only after the Paris accords have been
ratified. They have lost, they have rejected, the opportunity to raise
the question once more of whether a Western system shall be organ-
ized. The priorities have now been reversed. Ratification of the West-
ern pacts has priority over discussion of an all-German settlement. For
it is now quite plain that until the new accords are ratified, the result
of talks would not be to unite Germany but merely to disrupt the West.
WHEN WE come to the question of what to talk about when we talk,
it may be said that the new accords provide a concrete basis for
small, useful, unspectacular negotiation.
The Soviet note argues that because these accords tie Western
Germany to Western Europe, they are in contradiction with the idea of
German unity. For the time being that is true. But what is even more
in contradiction with the idea of German unity is the manifest policy
of the Soviet Union to hold on to Eastern Germany. Until and unless
this policy is altered, any European arrangement will have to accept-
as a fact the division of Germany.
* * * *
WHEN EAST WEST talks do take place, the subject of these talks
will have to be-not the reunification of Germany but-how to
relax the tension in a divided Germany. That will almost certainly be
the theme of the coming diplomatic negotiations. How can the powers
facilitate trade and intercourse between East and West Germany, be-
tween East and West Europe?
And after that, the talks might turn to the possibility of a reduc-
tion of the tactical forces now arrayed against one another along the
Iron Curtain. The new Western accords bring the tactical armaments
of the Western continent under international limitation. It is not in-
conceivable that a reciprocal arrangement could be made in Eastern
Europe, and that the two limited and controlled military systems could
then agree on a progressive reduction of their forces.
THIS IS the most probable direction in which things can be made to
go, assuming they go well. No dramatic overall settlements-global
or even continental. But a lowering of barriers, a removal of inspectors
and check points, a reduction of forces, a relaxation of tension. This
has been happening in Austria. It appears to be happening in Korea.
It could be what is going to happen in Germany.
(Copyright 1954, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
At the State . . .
ADVENTURES OF HAJJI BA-
BA, with John Derek, Elaine
ONCE IN the proverbial blue
moon, Hollywood gets around
to satirizing its own pictures. The
sex-and-sand type was well par-
odied recently in "Crimson Pirate"
with Burt Lancaster, the Westerns
were joshed successfully in "Red
Garters," the Rosemary Clooney
festival, etc. But once in a while
they turn up with a picture in
which you're not quite sure whe-
ther it's a parody or not: "Hajji
Baba" is this type. If it's intention-
ally funny, they've done a magni-
ficent job; if not, they've turned
out one of the kind that's so corny
you can't help but laugh. They
have intensified this effect by
having Nat "King" Cole singing a
Dmitri Tiomkin ("High Noon")
song incessantly in the back-
ground, which is the most inane,
ridiculous thing ("Come to my
tent, 0 my beloved") to assail my
ears in a long time.-
At any rate, they've done one
thing well: the color photo-
graphy is superb. The screen
credits say it's the work of some-
body named Hoyningen-Huene,
who would seem to be a master
at his craft. The film is gorgeous,
with deep blues, rich maroons,
and a set of magnificent black-
and-white tents, and it's really
a joy to watch. And adding to
the visual spectacle are some of
the barest women since Eddie
Cantor's "Roman Scandals."
There are servant girls in sort
of pinchback toga affairs; wild,
savage women of the hills in
more or less one mouse-skin
apiece; dancing girls limited to
one bauble, one bangle and one
bead; and finally Elaine Stewart
in all kinds of diaphanous drap-
ery. There's one heck of a lot
of sand around too.
Unfortunately, though, there's
still the plot. It deals with a bar-
ber (Derek) who somehow or oth-
er finds himself transporting the
Princess Fawzia across the desert
to marry a chieftain (Paul Picer-
ni) who would greatly enjoy rul-
ing all Persia. Daddy Caliph is a
little averse to his daughter mar-
rying Black Paul, so he sends his
armies out to get her back. They
goof it. She ends up with Paul and
decides this isn't such a red..hot
IVAN THE TERRIBLE. (Rus-
sian dialogue with sub-titles)
Starring an all-star Russian cast.
Directed by Eisenstein. Music
IVAN THE TERRIBLE is an ex-
ample of superior motion-pic-
History is the plot. The picture
begins with the coronation of the
Muscovite, Ivan the Fourth. The
Boyars, another Russian tribe,
constantly try to undo the plans
of Ivan to unify the separate Rus-
sian states. These Boyar conspir-
acies and the means by which Ivan
overcomes them provide the plot
of this motion picture.
BUT THE STORY is unimport-
ant. The main function served by
this film is to display the superior
artistry of the greatest director of
all time, Sergei Eisenstein.
From the outset, the sensitive
touch of Eisenstein and his atten-
tion to fine detail are felt. The cor-
onation ritual exemplifies this
skill quite well. Specifically, the
excellence of the costumes which
identify the characters so effect-
ively, and such pagentry as the
shower of golden coins upon the
head of the newly-crowned czar
afford the picture an important
The acting is of the highest cal-
ibre. The performer in this film
manages to convey the mood of
the action through facial expres-
sion and body movement so well
that one feels the language simply
is not needed.
The battle sequences are master-
pieces of cinematography. For that
matter, throughout the picture,
Eisenstein and company exhibit a
fabulous versatility with their use
of camera angles to achieve an
THE MUSICAL score deserves
high praise. Serge Prokofieff con-
tributes some of his best work. The
composer employs his consumnate
skill to achieve a condition in his
score that supports the film and
accentuates the important pictor-
ial sequences. This is shown best
in the use of choruses in the
scenes of pomp and ritual and the
use of interplay within the string
section to underline the sequences
where the mood is one of height-
The Daily. Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices shouldbe sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication (be-
fore 10 a.m. on Saturday). Notice of
lectures, concerts, and organization
meetings cannot be published oftener
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1954
Vol. LXV, No. 34
Late Permission: Because of the Un-
ion's 50th Anniversary Dance, all wom-
en students will have a 1:30 late per-
mission on Sat., Oct. 30. Women's resi-
dences will be open until 1:25 a.m.
Disciplinary actions in cases of stu-
dent misconduct: During the period
Sept. 20 to Oct. 6, cases involving 20
students were heard by the Joint Judi-
ciary Council and approved by the Uni-
versity Sub-Committee on Discipline.
In 26 other cases heard by the Joint
Judiciary Council, action is still pend-
For violation of state laws and city
ordinances relating to the purchase,
sale and use of intoxicants:
a) for securing intoxicants as a mi-
nor; and being in possession of
such intoxicants in a motor ye-
hicle as a minor: one student
suspended from the University
for the balance of the first se-
mester of the academic year,
1954-55 (third violation).
b) use of false identification or al-
tered identification# one student
fined $30.00 and warned; One
student fined $20.00 (fine sus-
pended in view of court fine and
costs of $54.30), placed on pro-
bation for the balance of the
first semester of the academic
year, 1954-55, and warned; One
student fined $15.00 (fine sus-
pended in view of court fine
and costs of $24.30) and warned.
e) for accepting intoxicants served
tothem as minors and for drink-
ing in student quarters: Two
students fined $10.00 and warned.
d) for unknowingly supplying in-
toxicants to minors: one student
Violation of University regulations
to 4:45 p.m., Mon., Nov. 1 to Sat. noon
Nov. 6. Bring ident. cards and enter the
north door. The previously announced
"controlled study" project will not be
carried out this year.
This protection is offered also to
Faculty, employees and student wives
at a charge of $1.00. Enter south door.
Late permission for women students
who attended the Concertgebouw Or-
chestra concert on Wed., Oct. 27, will
be no later than 11:25 p.m.
Dow Chemical Co., Midland, Mich. is
looking for Technical Secretaries for
Top Research Work. Shorthand is ne-
cessary, and women with some col-
lege chemistry are preferred.
The Muscatine Grain Processing
Corp., Muscatine, Iowa, has announced
an opening for an Engineer to work
in Engineering Design. The position re-
quires a man with a background in
Structural Design and Process Design.
U.S. Civil Service Commission, Bu-
reau of Dept. Operations, announces
its Student Trainee examination for
Technical and Scientific Personnel.
Studentsaare being recruited for both
the cooperative education plan and the
summer employment plan. Filing date
is Nov. 16. Students in the following
fields may apply: Chem.,rMath., Phys-
ics, Metallurgy, Engineering, Cartog-
raphy, Meteorology, and Oceanography.
Civil Service of Canada announces
openings for university graduates in the
Dept. of External Affairs. Requirements
include: 31 years of age or under, candi-
dates must be graduates or under-
graduates in their final years of school,
candidates must have resided in Can-
ada for at least ten years and, if not
now resident in Canada, must have
retained their contact with Canada.
Closing date for filing is Nov. 8.
Detroit District, Corps of Engineers
seeks Engineers for work at Airforce
Bases, Surface-to-Air Missile Sites, oth-
er military installations, and River,
Harbor and Flood Control projects.
For further information about these
or other job opportunities contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin-
istration Bldg., ext. 371.
Medical College Admission Test' Can-
didates taking the Medical College Ad-
mission Test on Nov. 1 are requested
to report to 100 Hutchins Hall at 8:45