THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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TH MCIGA AL
WEVNENDALflX, OTOBER 20LJ ~, 195
THE Nth DEGREE:
Are U.S. Universities
HE PRINCIPLE of education for all leads ulti-
mately to education for none. Because of 'mass
education' there has been an appalling growth of
illiteracy at all levels of education even in the
This was part of a statement made by Douglas
Bush, a professor of English at Harvard Univer-
sity, at a meeting of the American Council of Edu-
cation held last week in Chicago. Prof. Bush was
arguing for higher admission requirements in the
nation's colleges in view of the expected rise in
Six hundred of the nations foremost educators
met to discuss the problem which will result
from the heavy increase of births during World
War I. By 1970 they pointed out the present
college enrollment will be doubled.
The problem that the already crowded colleges
and universities are facing now will only be inten-
sified in the future.
On the surface the current huge influx of stu-
dents to college looks very promising. However
upon close re-examination we find that many arej
going to college because it is expected of them.
Both socially and economically, society demands aI
college diploma today, without any evaluation of
what that particular piece of parchment means.
Many others are attempting college without
the proper background or ability.
The result of this has been the lowering of
academic standards in many of the nation's
colleges and universities.
Integration of both inferior and superior stu-
dents in one classroom cannot be successful. With
tighter admission requirements and a demand fons
a higher level of work from college students, the
intelligent student could find a challenge in his
If a student lacks the ability or incentive that
college work demands then he does not belong
in a college or university. However if all the
student lacks is background which may be de-
tected by admission tests, they should receive
additional training before being admitted to a
Prof. Bush summed up the whole problem very
neatly when he pointed out:
"The public must be convinced that higher edu-
cation or what passes for that, is neither a birth-
right nor a necessary badge of respectibility. Use-
ful and happy lives can be led without a college
degree. As things are, we have an army of misfits
who lower educational standards and increase ex-
A Matter of Senanties:
Who's a Liberal?
PROBABLY THE most unanswered question today
is: "What is liberalism?" Perhaps it is also the
most unasked question, because everyone is sure
he knows what liberalism is. As sure as he is that
he is a "liberal."
All this provides confusion to the last degree.
When one talks about "liberalism," his listener
or listeners often absorb his words under an
entirely different conception of "liberalism."
Many arguments result not from a disagreement
on the relative merits of liberalism, but from a
misunderstanding of definitions.
What, then, is liberalism? Is it that which the
18th century called "liberalism?" Or is it some-
thing new and different?
Before answering these questions, it is necessary
to put liberalism in its proper frame of reference.
That it usually is not is the origin of the confusion.
4t must be made clear whether liberalism refers to
political liberalism or economic liberalism.
These two are not the same, despite the persis-
tence of many in lumping them together under the
one term, "liberalism." The liberalism of the 18th
century was a political liberalism that concerned
itself with the sovereignty of the people over the
state and individual freedom.
The essence of political liberalism is freedom.
Within it, the state exists to protect the freedom
of the individual, to develop his capabilities to a.
maximum. In exercising the protection of free-
. om, the state necessarily restricts individual
freedom to an extent. Because complete freedom
equals no freedom, the state promotes a maxi-
mum of individual freedom by restricting the
freedom to interfere with another's freedom.
Political liberalism accomplishes this purpose
through the procedural devices of the governmental
system established to guarantee civil liberties
through legal rights enforced by the power of the
state, written or unwritten constitutions, and safe-
guards against the abuse of civil liberty by the
Political liberalism, then, finds its basis in the
freedom of the individual within the political
sphere of men's ruling men.
Of late, however, it is becoming an uncon-
scious custom to refer to what we call "left-
wingers" as "liberals." When we say "left-wing-
ers," we may be thinking of labor unions, social-
ists, communists, or Communists, depending up-
on the particular' target of our fury at the mo-
ment. In using the term, "left-winger," we are
thinking in economic terms, referring to those
who are ostensibly in favor of a more equitable
distribution of income.
We have no real justification for equating "left-
winger" with "liberal." Whether or not a "left-
winger" is a "liberal" in no way depends upon
those matters which led us to call him a "left-
winger." Unless we mean specifically an economic
liberal, we must look elsewhere than his economic
convictions to determine whether or not he is a
liberal in the political sense.
But if we refer specifically to economic liberalism,
then we have placed "left-wingers" in the wrong
category, for they are not, economically speaking,
liberals. Their relative political liberalism is no
longer at issue.
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Eugene Hartwig............ .......Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers.................................City Editor
Jon Sobeloff...............................Editorial Director
Pat Roelofs.........................Associate City Editor
Becky Conrad...........................Associate Editor
Nan Swinehart..........................Associate Editor
Dave Livingston...........................Sports Editor
Hanley Gurwin....................Associate Sports Editor
Warren Wertheimer_. ..... ......... Associate Sports Editor
Roz Shlimovitz..........................Women's Editor
Joy Squires.....................Associate Women's Editor
Janet Smith..... .. . ... . .... . .. . . Associate Women's Editor
Dean Morton.................... . .... . . Chief Photographer
Lois Pollak........................... ..Business Manager
S a.........Associate Business Manager
Bill Wise............................Advertising Manager
Mary Jean Monkoski......................Finance Manager
An economic liberal, from the original meaning
of the word "liberal," would be one who insisted
upon economic freedom of the individual, re-
stricted only by the right to economic freedom
of other individuals. Again, the state would act
as a referee in this conflict of individual free-
doms, as it does within the concept of political
This definition of economic liberalism leaves out
Communism, communism, socialism, and, to an ex-
tent, labor unions. They may or may not be hu-
.manitarian, but they certainly are not economical-
ly liberal. Their emphasis on enforced equality in
materialistic terms, their emphasis on more ex-
tensive state control of the individual's economic
life belie this.
Economic liberalism, then, is something apart
from political liberalism. And economic convictions
that brand a man a "left-winger," not only lack any
pertinence to whether he is a political liberal, but
also prove him not an economic liberal. As a re-
sult, equating "left-wingers" with "liberals," is a
gigantic mistake proceeding from a basic mis-
understanding of liberalism.
Before you call someone a liberal, make sure you
really mean liberal, not "left-winger." Some liberals
very much resent being clasified with "left-wing-
A Warning to the West
WHEN REPRESENTATIVES of the Western Pow-
ers meet in Paris beginning tomorrow to trans-
late the Act of London into formal agreements to
strengthen the Western defenses by including in
them a rearmed Germany they will have before
them another Soviet demonstration that they have
no alternative except to proceed along the charted
course. That demonstration has been provided by
the latest Soviet-style "election" in East Germany,
in which the Communist puppet regime claims a
99.3 per cent majority.
This symbolic significance of the "election" was
specifically emphasized by Mr. Molotov and his
East German commisars. Mr. Molotov himself made
an extended inspection of the preparations for it
and announced that he was ready to discuss all
proposals for "free all-German elections" if the
West would agree to a new Big Four conference
that he could exploit to delay and possibly kill
both German rearmament and European unity. Is
approval of the East German election preparations
is evidence of what his concept of "free elections"
is, and that concept was further underlined by
"Deputy Premier" Ulbricht, who bluntly declared
that this "election" was "the preparation for what
we intend to apply later to the whole of Germany."
The methods under which such "elections" are
conducted are now well known. The voters are
marched to the polls in what amounts to com-
pulsory and open voting for a single Communist-
appointed list which has no room for either "yes"
or "no" and mdst be dropped unchanged into the
ballot box under the eyes of the police. The few who
dare abstain or use the voting booths provided for
show purposes are subject to prosecution for "aid-
ing the warmongers" and are carefully checked to
terrorize the rest. That kind of an "election," ac-
cording to the Communist propaganda, is a "truly
democratic election" which, in contrast to the "long-
outmoded parliamentary-type system," is without
the "petty political quarrels among parties and free
from the terror of monopolists and militarists."
It is, of course, also an election which gives the
voter nothing to choose, except perhaps going to
jail. But it is the only system under which the
Communist puppet regime can survive and expand.
The real sentiments of the Germanic peoples have
been demonstrated not only by the recent East
German revolt and by the purge or defection of
nearly one-sixth of all former East German parlia-
mentary deputies but also by the latest elections in
Austria, where the Communists vote was slashed
to less than 6 per cent even in the Russian-domi-
This contrast between Soviet-style "election" re-
sults and the real will of the German people is an
answer to those within Germany who would trade
German rearmament and integration with the West
for a delusory deal with the Soviets for German
Tr ifn f.in 7+ n a o- l- h , .. , . r<"...- ., _ .. ..
WASHINGTON-Here is a quick
run-down on how the election is
shaping up in the most bitterly
fought congressional race in 20
years-a race into which Republi-
cans are throwing almost as much
money as if the presidency were
New York-Whoever carries this
largest electoral state has a leg
up in nominating the presidential
candidates in 1956. So far it looks
as if Sen. Irving Ives, Republican,
is slightly ahead in the run for
governor. However, contributions
began to flow in to Averell Harri-
man, Democrat, in increased
quantities the day Charles Wilson
barked his dog remark. In the
end he could win.
Pennsylvania-For the first time
in 20 years it looks as if the Dem-
ocrats would elect a governor.
When young George Leader, rel-
atively u n k n o w n Democratic
chicken farmer was nominated, he
was tabbed a throw-away candi-
date. Now, thanks to GOP bumb-
ling, the scandals of Governor
Fine's organization, a n d unem-
ployment, he's likely to win.
Democrats will also pick up
about five House seats.
California - Gov. "G o o d y"
Knight, Republican, holds the lead
for re-election, but Democrat Rich-
ard Graves is pushing him more
than expected. Congressman Sam
Yorty, Democrat, an early odds-
off candidate, now looks like an
even bet with GOP Sen. Tom Ku-
chel. Some polls place him slight-
Iowa-Sen. Guy Gillette, Demo-
crat, will be almost unbeatable
despite Iowa's rock-ribbed Repub-
licanism. This time, young Clyde
Herring, son of the late Democra-
tic senator by that name, is mak-
ing quite a race for the gover-
Wyoming - Ex-Sen. Joe O'Ma-
honey, long a fixture in the Senate,
is a sure-shot to come back. This
will reduce the Republican mar-
gin by one seat.
Colorado - John Carroll, live-
wire ex-congressman and former
member of Truman's White House
staff, is ahead in the race for
senator. Carroll and retiring Sen.
Ed Johnson, once political ene-
miesrhave patched up their feud
and are pulling together-a comb-
ination hard to beat. Johnson is
running for governor.
Idaho-A few years ago, Glen
Taylor, Democratic senator and
vice-presidential candidate on the
Henry Wallace Progressive ticket,
was considered all washed up po-
litically. Now he's giving GOP Sen-
ator Dworshak such a race that
he's likely to win. Taylor has cut
out the cowboy crooning and is
campaigning on a straight anti-
Republican ticket. The electric
power lobby and Hells Canyon are
his biggest issue.
.Oregon-Hasn't elected a Demo-
cratic senator in 40 years, but it
looks as if young Dick Neuberger,
author and newspaperman, might
make it. GOP Sen. Guy Cordon has
lots of money behind him, but Neu-
berger has two great assets-in
addition to his own ability-his
wife, an Oregon legislator, and the
indefatigable Sen. Wayne Morse
who is talking in every nook and
corner of the state.
South Dakota-Normally, a Dem-
ocrat hasn't a chance in this state.
However, a secret Republican poll
shows GOP Sen. Karl Mundt, who
reaped both fame and criticism in
the Army-McCarthy hearings, to be
only slightly ahead of Kenneth'
Holum, the Farmer-Democrat. In
other words, South Dakota is a
Kansas-Sen. Andy , Schoeppel,
incumbent Republican, told Vice
President Nixon when he went
through Kansas recently that "If
the election was held today, I'd'
lose." He urged Nixon to stay and
make an extra speech, which
Nixon did. Despite this, George
McGill, the ex-senator who wrote
the first Farm Price Support Bill
under FDR, is running like a house
afire, may upset all the political
timetables. Kansas is also a doubt-
Ohio-Congressman George Ben-
der, Republican, is running neck-
and-neck with Sen. Tom Burke,
Democrat, the long-time and able
former mayor of Cleveland. Sec-
retary of the Treasury George
Humphrey, the biggest business-
man in Ohio, is putting big money
and heavy pressure behind Bender,
while Burke is running with a bare
campaign cupboard. It's anybody's
Illinois-If all the Republican
money poured into Illinois is offi-
cially tabulated, it should prove
larger than that of any other state.
The McCarthyites, the Chicago
Tribune crowd, and various other
Republican factions would like
nothing better than to defeat Sen.
Paul Douglas, ex - Marine hero
Democrat, who has s t o o d up
against Eisenhower on economic
policies, while supporting him on
foreign policies. However, they
are going to have a tough time.
To the Editor:
THERE HAVE been a number of
references recently in the Mi-
chigan Daily to the AAUP (Am-
erican Association of University
Professors) Statement of Princi-
ples on Academic Freedom and
Tenure). It is this statement that
includes reference to "severance
pay" for faculty members dismiss-
ed for cause.
As a member of AAUP, I am
proud to have this organization's
name identified with this State-
ment of Principles. However, the
recent discussion of this Statement
appears to assume that it is a uni-
lateral pronouncement of AAUP.
This is not the case, as is shown
by the following excerpts from a
statement by Dr. Ralph Himstead,
General Secretary of the AAUP.
In 1925 the American Coun-
cil on Education called a con-
ference of representatives of a
number of its constituent mem-
bers, among them the American
Association of University Pro-
fessors, for the purpose of form-
ulating a short statement of
principles on academic freedom
and tenure. The statement for-
mulated at this conference,
known as the 1925 Conference
Statement on Academic Free-
dom and Tenure, was endorsed
by the Association of American
Colleges in 1925 and by the Am-
erican Association of University
Professors in 1926.
In 1940, following a series of
joint conferences begun in 1934,
representatives of the American
Association of University Pro-
fessors and of the Association
of American Colleges agreed up-
on a restatement of the prin-
ciples set forth in the 1925 Con-
ference Statement. This restate-
ment, known to the profession as
the 1940 Statement of Principles
on Academic Freedom and Ten-
ure, was officially endorsed by
ASR ,r' d'
" 4J=! ) it
/ k f
"Heart Attack, Poor Chap. Send Flowers And
List Him As A Security Risk"
the- following organizations in
the years indicated:
Association of American Col-
American Association of Uni-
versity Professors ........1941
American Library Association
(with adaptations for librar-
Association of American Law
American Political Science
American Association of Col-
leges for Teacher Education* ..
. ...... . ...... .....1950
Association for Higher Edu-
cation, National Education As-
I hope that this letter will serve
to close the matter.
Mr. Davis did not appear be-
cause, in a telephone conversation
with me on the afternoon of the
meeting, he stated that it would,
be difficult and embarassing for
him to speak before a public body
while under District Court super-
vision. We further agreed that
since his appearance was solely to
inform the SL on the severance
pay issue, and since he might well
give his information to some mem-
ber of SL by telephone, his appear-
ance would be unnecessary.
The SL in no way bowed to
pressure or threats by the Admin-
istration. There were, indeed, no
threats, although many people
have interpreted the sincere con-
cern of Messrs. Bingley and Rea
At the close of our conversation,
Dean Rea and 'Mr. Bingley were
fully aware of my expressed inten-
tion to continue the meeting with
Mr. Davis in attendance.
Therefore, regardless of appear-
ances or misunderstandings in the
press, Mr. Davis' failure to appear ,
was due only to an agreement be-
tween myself and Mr. Davis that
his presence was unnecessary to
the informed debate of the SL on
the matter at hand.
One further point. In accusing
"members of the faculty and ad-
ministration of bad faith," I was
not referring to either Dean Rea
or Mr. Bingley. I meant to convey
the idea that those members of
the faculty and administration
who had questioned SL's right to
consider this matter of severance
pay were acting in bad faith.
SL has the right to consider
whatever it believes is of direct
concern to students and their role
in the educational community. The
C & E Committee's judgment in
this matter may be questioned,
but not their right./
I sincerely hope that this ex-
planation ends the controversy t
* Endorsed by predecessor,
American Association of Teach-
ers Colleges, in 1941.
I trust that this will clarify the
origin and authority of the AAUP
Statement of Principles.
-Gardner Ackley, President,
U. of M. Chapter, AAUP
* * *
SL Clarification .
To the Editors:
'THE misinterpretations of my re-
marks in -Homer Cooper's Let-
ter to the Editor of October 19
indicated that some final explan-
ation is in order, of Chandler Dav-
is' failure to appear before the SL.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
I II I11 ^ IM IY 11 1 1 1 '
(Continued from Page 2)
terviews at the Bureau of Appoint-!
Tues., Oct. 26j
Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp., To-
ledo, hio -Feb. & Juneagraduates in
LS&A and Bus. Ad. for Training Pro-
grain in Purchasing,( advertising, Per-
sonnel. Cost Control, Manufacturing,
Wed., Oct. 27
Michigan Civil Service Commission-
Anyone i n any department except
Engrg. for various positions including
county welfare work. Positions are
open in Social Work, Psych., Social Sci-
ence, Pol. Sci., Econ., Bus. Ad., Account-
ing, Statistics, Nursing, Spec. Ed., Phys.
Ed., Lib. Sci., and Journalism, Chem.,
Thurs., Oct. 28
National Security Agency, Wash., D.C.
--in the afternoon; (1) all degree lev-
els in Math. (Probability & Statistics,
Algebra, Math. Logic) for Research, Ap-
plication, & Computer Logic. (2) All
degree levels in Languages (Slavic and
Asiatic preferred) for Research, Trans-
lation, & Analysis. (3) B.A. in Liberal
Arts (with minor in above fields) for
Research, Analysis, & Reporting.
Fri., Oct. 29
National Security Agency, Wash., D.C.
Students wishing to make appoint-
ments for interviews with any of the
above companies should contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin.
Bldg., ext. 371.
U.S. Army Corps of Engrs., Chicago
District, Chicago, Ill., has a vacancy
for an Information Officer, GS-010-12,
to be Chief, Tech. Liaison Branch. Re-
quires 6 yrs. of experience in journal-
ism-degree work may be substituted
for 3 of the yrs.
For further information about this
or other job opportunities, contact the
Bureau of Appointments, ext. 371, 3528
Lecture. Madeline S. Strony, author-
ity on office procedures, will speak to
office staffs Wed., Oct. 20, 8:00 a.m.,
Room 271, 2nd 3:00 p.m., Room 130,
School of Business Administration; and
at 1 :00 p.m. in Room 150 Hutchins Hall
(reserved for administrative assistants,
supervisors, and secretaries to deans
and department heads),
Geometry Seminar will meet in 3001
A.H. at 7:00 p.m. Wed., Oct. 20. Prof.
George Y. Rainich will reflect on some
applications of Cartan calculus to dif-
Engineering Senior and Graduate Stu-
dent Seminar: Wed., Oct. 20, 4:00 p.m.,
Room 311, West Engineering, Discussion
of Engineering Experiences in Sales
and Application Work by representa-
tives of Detroit Edison, Ingersoll-Rand,
General Electric, Michigan Bell Tele-
phone, and Westinghouse.
To deans and department heads: The
Personnel Office has arranged to have
Orientation Seminar: Wed., Oct 20 will be heard at 8:30 pm. Thurs., Oct.'
at 2:00 p.m., in Room 3001 Angell Hall. 21, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater. An
Sister Alicia will speak on "Con:tiued Instructor in voice in the School of
Fractions." Music, Mr. Kimes has planned a pro-
gram of works by Purcell, Falconieri,
Preliminary Examinations in Eng- Schumann, Gomes, Chausson, Hahn,
lish: Applicants for the Ph.D. in Eng- Poulenc, Vaughan Williams, Howard
lish who expect to take the prelim- Swanson, Dello Joio, Dougherty, and
inary examinations this fall are re- Michael Head. He will be accompanied
quested to leave their names with Dr. by Charles Fisher, Instructor in Piano.
Ogden, 1634 Haven Hall. The examina- The program will be open to the public
tions will be given as follows: English without charge.
Literature from its Beginnings to 1550,
Tlues., Nov. 16; English Literature, 1550- , a
us St.ov20Enlih e tt; Events Today
1750, Sat., Nov. 20; English Literature,
1750-1950, Tues,, Nov. 23; and Ameri- The first meeting of the Research
can Literature, Sat., Nov. 27. The ex- Club for the academic year 1954-55 will
amination will be given in Room 71, be held in the amphitheatre of the
School of Business Administration, Rackham Building on Wed., Oct. 20, at
from 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon. 8:00 p.m.
The following naners will be given:
M.A. Language Examination in His-
tory. Fri., Oct. 22, 4:15-5:15 p.m. 429
Mason Hall. Sign list in History Office.
Can bring a dictionary,
To Instructors of Engineering Fresh-
men: Five-week grades for all Engineer-
ing Freshmen are due in the Secre-
tary's Office, 263 West Engineering
Building on Mon., Oct. 25.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: The freshman five-
week progress reports will be due Fri.,
Oct. 22, in the Faculty Counselors Of-
fice for Freshmen and Sophomores,
1210 Angell Hall,
Doctoral Examination for James Ev-
erett Dyson, Jr., Bacteriology; thesis :
"A Study of Yeast Phase Antigens in
the Delayed Skin Reactions of Experi-
mental Histoplasmosis and Blastomy-
cosis," Thurs., Oct. 21, 3542 East Med-
ical Building, at 3:00 p.m. Chairman,
E. E. Evans.
401 Interdisciplinary Seminar in Ap-
plication of Mathematics to Social Sci-
ence will meet on Thurs., Oct. 21, room
3401 Mason Hall from 4:00-5:30 p.m.
D. B. suits will speak on "Empirical
Analysis of a Dynamic Market."
Seminar in Applied Mathematics will,
meet Thurs., Oct. 21, at 4:00 p.m. in
Rm. 247 West Engineering. Speaker:
Dr. J, H. Giese, visiting lecturer, will
continue. Topic: "Canonical Equations
for Non-Linearized Irrotational Conical
College of Architecture and Design
freshman five week grade reports are
due Wed., Oct. 27. Please send them
to 207 Architecture Building.
Sociology Grad-Faculty Coffee Hour,
4:00 p.m. today in the department
The Boston Symphony Orchestra,
Charles Munch, Conductor, will be
heard in the third concert of the
Choral Union Series, Wed. in Hill Au-
ditorium, at 8:30 p.m. The program
for this occasion is as follows: Suite
for Orchestra, No. 4 by Bach (heard for
the first time at these concerts);
Dvorak's Symphony No. 5; and Ex-
cerpts from Berlioz' "Romeo and Ju-
A limited number of tickets are
still available, at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society in Burton Tow-
er. Tickets will also be on sale at the
Hill Auditorium box office on the night
+f te rnnetnffp 7 nn n m
ill lllU11,pt ptlsWl ~ giel
Dr. Dean B. McLaughlin, Professor of
Astronomy: "A new theory of the Mar-
Dr. Max Loehr, Professor of Far
Eastern Art: "Chinese and Scythian
First Baptist Church. Wed., Oct. 20.
4:30-6:00 p.m. Midweek Chat of Roger
Williams Guild in the Guild House.
La Sociedad Hispanica will meet Wed.,
Oct. 20 in the League at 8:00 p.m.
Prof. Anderson-Imbert will speak. The
program will also include a Spanish
movie and dancers from Colombia and
Venezuela. Singing and dancing will
follow. Vengan todos!
The Zoology Club urges all students
taking biological sciences to come to
the next meeting when William L.
Brudon, noted biological illustrator at
the University Museums, will talk on
"The Techniques of Classroom Draw-
ing." The meeting will be held Wed.,
Oct. 20, at 7:00 p.m. in Room 3126,
Natural Science Building. Refresh-
ments will be served following the
meeting. Everyone is welcome to at-
Episcopal Student Foundation. Stu-
dent Breakfast at Canterbury House,
on Wed., Oct. 20, after the 7:00 a.m.
Holy Communion. Student - Faculty
Tea Wed., Oct. 20, from 4:00 to 6:00 p.m.
at Canterbury House,
All women students are invited to
hear Mrs. Madeline Strony at 3:00 p.m,
Wed., Oct. 20, in Room 131, School of
Business Administration, Mrs. Strony
is a nationally recognized consultant to
business and an authority on initial
job opportunities for women.
Congregational-Disciples Guild: Wed.,
7:00 p.m., Discussion Group--meet to
select topic at Guild House
SRA Fall Electorate will be held Wed.
from 7:15 to 7:45 p.m. at Lane Hall.
All Guilds are urged to send a dele-
Lane Hall. Comparative Religions
Seminar. Subject for this week, "Juda-
ism." Resource leader, Dr. Herman Ja-
cobs, Director of the Hillel Foundation.
Lane Hall Library. Wed., 7:15-8:30 p.m.
All engineering students are invited
to a one hour program of movies on
"Basic Electronics" moderated by Dr.
Alan B. Macnee Wed., Oct. 20 at 7:30
p.m. in room 2084 East Engineering
Building. Sponsored by Eta Kappa Nu.
APutP -ti n" ll.oc ir s R n srn ,'
ments will be served following the dis-
cussion. All are urged to attend.
Psychology Coffee Hour-The third
in a series of Union student-faculty
coffee hours will be held from 3:00-
5:00 p.m. today in the terrace room of
the Michigan Union, and will feature
the Psychology Department. The gen-
eral public is invited to meet and talk
with the faculty, and Psychology stu-
dents are especially urged to attend, Re-
freshments will be served.
Lutheran Student Association-wed.,
4:00 to 5:30 p.m. Join us at the Coffee
Break at the Center, corner of Hill St.
and Forest Ave.
Everybody is .invited to participate in
the Israeli Dance Group, which will
meet Wed., Oct. 20, 9:00 p.m., at the
HillelrFoundation. Come and bring
The Student Zionist Group will hold
its next ]regular meeting on Wed., Oct.
20, 8:00 p.m., at the. Hillel Foundation.
The term's educational and social pro-
grams will be discussed. All interested
students are invited to attend.
The Congregational-Disciples Guild:
Thurs. 5:05-5:30 p.m., Mid-week medi-
tation in Douglas Chapel of the Con-
gregational Church. Fri., 7:30 p.m., Wie-
ner Roast. Meet at the Guild House.
Call in reservations-3-5838-by Thurs.
evening. (Cost 35c).
International Center Tea. Thurs., Oct.
21, 4:30-6:00 p.ip., Rackham Building.
Freshman Discussion Group. Topic:
"Imitortality-concern for the present
or a future life?" All freshmen wel-
come. Lane Hall Library, Thurs., 7:15
Lane Hall Lecture: Elfan Rees, Advi-
sor on Refugee Affairs to the World
Council of Churches and Secretary of
the Commission of the Churches on In-
ternational Affairs, will speak on "The
United Nations and the World Council
of Churches." Auditorium 'A', Angell,
8:00 p.m. Thurs., Oct. 21. Reception at
Lane Hall following lecture.
Episcopal Student Foundation. Stu-
dent Breakfast at Canterbury House, on
Thurs., Oct. 21, after the 7:00 a.m. Holy
La P'tite Causette will meet Thurs.
from 3:30 to 5:00 p.m. in the wing of
the Michigan Union cafeteria. Everyone
is welcome to join us in informal
The Michigan Crib will hold a cof-
fee hour, Thurs., Oct. 21, at 8:00 p.m.
on the second floor of the League. All
interested in law are invited to attend.
Sigma Rho Tau-The regular weekly
meeting of all engineers, architects, and
technologists interested in public
speaking will be held Thurs. at 7:00
p.m. in the Michigan Union Room 3-R.
Ralph Showalter, a prominent CIO of-
ficial, will lead a discussion on the
"Guaranteed Annual Wage," which will
begin at 7:30. The public is invited
to come at 7:30.
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre Box Of-
fice, north end of the Michigan League,
will open 10:00 a.m. Mon., Oct. 25, for
+hs. gnon irr- n. 1 va.+,-