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October 08, 1954 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1954-10-08

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CLEANING UP
See Page 4

YI r

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Da ity

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0Q

Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXV, No. 16 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1954

FAIR AND WARMER
SIX PAGES

Lattimore Denies
New Indictment
Grand Jury Makes 2-Count Charges;
U.S. Attorney Hints More To Come

Deadline
Today is the deadline for
Seniors to sign up for their
'Ensian pictures.
Seniors may sign up on the
Diagonal between 9 a.m. and
3 pam. and at the Student Pub-
lications Building between 1
and 5 p.m.
Proofs should be returned to
the Student Publications Build-
ing, 420 Maynard St. starting
Monday, 12-5:30, 6:30-9.

Senators Hit
AEC Stand

Premier Appeals

To Assembly

WASHINGTON ()-A federal grand jury accused Owen Latti-
more yesterday of falsely denying under oath that he had been "a
follower of the Communist line" and a "promoter of Communist in-
terests."
The controversial Far Eastern affairs specialist promptly issued
a statement saying he always has been a loyal American who fol-
lowed the "dictates of my own conscience and not the commands of
any foreign system"
The new two-count indictment was obtained by the government
after the courts voided the corner-
stone count of an earlier indict-
Segregationwment.
Seg ega ionThis alleged Lattimore swore
falsely when he told the Senate In-
ternal Security subcommittee he
any other kind of promoter of cor-
hadnevre n sypthiero
By PHYLLIS LIPSKY munism or Red interests.
Word "Sympathizer" Absent"
Psychological and sociological Nowhere in the new indictment
factors were the prime determi- did the word "symphathizer" ap-
nants in the decision to end ra- pear. The U.S. Court of Appeals
cial regregation in the public in a decision last July said this
schools, taken by the United States word, as used in the earlier indict-
Supreme Court last May, Prof. ment was too vague.
Paul G. Kauper of the Law School U.S. Atty. Leo A. Rover told re-
said last night, porters he will move later to con-
Separate But Equal solidate the new indictment with
Taking into consideration the the five remaining counts of the
affects of segregation on "the original true bill.
minds and hearts of Negro chil- Lattimore said in a statement
dren," the Court decided that the the new indictment "attempts to
"separate but equal" doctrine was create the impression that I said
irrelevant in the field of education a lot of things which I did not
Prof. Kauper told the campus say." He added:
chapter of the National Associa- Calls Prosecution Threat
tion for the Advancement of Col- "But more important, this in-
ored People. dictment lays bare the fact that
The idea that providing separ- this proseuction is a direct and
ate but equal facilities for dif- immediate threat to anyone and
ferent racial groups is consistant everyone who has ever written or
with the constitutional provision spoken of foreign affairs and whom
for equal protection under the law, the government chooses to attack
has been applied by the Court in for political reasons."
many types of segregation cases Lattimore, 54, a one-time occa-
since 1896. sional State Department consult-
Prof. Kauper declared that it is ant, testified before the Internal
now "only a matter of time" before Security subcommittee for many
the country will be rid of an stormy days in February and
idea which "sounds plausable on March 1952, during an investiga-
the surface but is basically falla- tion of the Institute of Paficic Re-
cious." lations (IPR).
State Schools Not Duty New Indictment
Discussing possible methods by Yesterday's indictment charged
which some of the states could that Lattimore, during the period
avoid enforcement of the Supreme 1935-50, "knowingly and intention-
Court decision, he explained that ally followed the Communist line
under the federal constitution the in public and private statements,
states are under no obligation to in his conversations, his corres-
operate public school systems. pondence, and in his widely dis-
It seems likely, however, that seminated writings, both in the
a state would actually have to United States and other parts of
turn over all of its property out- the world."
right to a private organization be- It also alleged that Lattimore,
fore the court would consider it no as a writer, lecturer, editor of "Pa-
longer in the "public school busi- cific Affairs," and as a govern-
ness," he said. Merely leasing the ment official, used his position "to
property would not be enough, engage directly and indirectly in
Prof. Kauper said. He explained the placing and disseminating
that as long as the court took the within the United States ani oth-
tthe state still had a er countries throughout the world,
view t ththeat e shodl oral and written statements" con-
part in the operation of the school t t i tk b
system it would be forced to com- taining the positions taken by Rus-
ply with the anti-segregation rul- sia.
ing. Lattimore said that under the
mg._ _new indictment, "The entire Dem-
ocratic and Republican adminis-
trations could be accused of per-
oar S jury if they said they never know-
T T .*ingly followed the Communist line
19 4 Union -so could Presidents Roosevelt,
Truman and Eisenhower, all of
Opera Script whom have been accused ofo-
p p lowing the Communist line."
-. Lattimore has been free under
The script for the 1954 Union $2,000 bond.
Opera was approved last night at
the regular meeting of the Michi-
gan Union Executive Board, andE
plans for the celebration of the
Union's 50th Anniversary wer dis-
cussed.
As yet unnamed, the Opera ~
script approved by the Board was
written by Murry Frymer, '56. Lo-
cal playing dates of Dec. 8, 9, andF
10 and six roadshow engagementst
for December were approved by,
the Board as follows:
Lansing, 11th, Buffalo, 27th, Ak-
ron, 28th, Detroit, 29th; and Tole-
do, 30th. The Opera will end its h
tour in Chicago on Jan. 1. ;
Cast Tryouts
Cast tryouts for the Opera, an %°r ,
all-male musical comedy, will be

held from 3 to 5 p.m. Monday, _
Tuesday and Wednesday inRm.
3G on the Union. A student direc-
tor tryou tm eeting is planned for 4
p.m. today in the same room.;
Dedication ceremonies for the
$2,900,00 addition to the Union
will highlight the 50th Anniver-
sary celebration planned for Oct.
29 and 30. ::
University President Harlan Hat-

Final LYL
Hearing Set
For Monday
By DAVID LEVY
Labor Youth League locally and
throughout the nation faces the
first phase of its life or death,
struggle on Monday.
For over a year an investigation
of LYL and government witnesses
has been conducted by a sub-com-
mittee of the Subversive Activi-
ties Control Board headed by ex-
Senator Harry P. Cain (R-Wash.)
At Monday's hearing in Wash-
ington, D.C., one of the first in
which the full board will sit, LYL
and the government's counsel will
present their final positions.
Brownell's Petition
The petition of Attorney Gen-
eral Herbert Brownell, Jr., which
asked that the LYL register und-
er the McCarran Internal Security
Act was brought before the board
on April 23, 1953.
The request was qualified on
four accusations.
1) Aid to the Communist Party.
2) Receiving aid from the Party.
3) Parallel policies with the
Party.
4) Domination by the Party,
If Brownell's request is support-
ed in Monday's hearing LYL will
be subject to certain death-blow
restrictions. It must register as a
"Communist front" organization,
it must label all of its mail as
"subversive."
SACB Set Up
SACB is set up by provision of
the McCarran Internal Security
Act. Under its rulings the Attor-
ney General can petition for the
registration of those organizations
which he deems either Commu-
nist front or Communist action
organizations.
Thirteen organizations thus far
have been requested to register by
Attorney General Brownell. The
Communist Party, a "Communist'
action" case, is currently in the
courts. The twelve others, one of
which is the LYL, are pending in-
vestigation.
If the organization refuses to
register- as the law demands its
leaders are subject to a fine of $5,-
000 and a five year jail sentence
for each day of their continued
refusal.
"Registration equals outlaw for
LYL," said Myron Sharpe, Grad,
the Chairman of LYL in Ann Ar-
bor, last night.
He concluded, "The LYL is an
independent organization which
elects its own officers and deter-
mines its own policy. The accusa-
tion that we are dominated by
another group is fabricated."

On Contract To Bac
Claim Disrespect
For Committee Professors
WASHINGTON (/P)-A report by
the Atomic Energy Commission E 1 * N ew
that it l14~s approved the form ofa Xp i n aW
controversial private power con-
tract with the Dixon-Yates group TL1
drew an angry protest from two son Plana
Sen. William Langer (R-ND),
chairman of a Senate Antimonop- Rlearm~amnent Move
oly subcommittee, and Sen. Estes
Kefauver (D-Tenn.), a member, Cited by Efimenco
charged that the AEC had not
shown "proper respect" for the By SAM REICH
subcommittee in acting on the The most significant feature of
contract, the newly formed European mili-
Demand Minutes tary alliance is "its proposal to
In the name of the subcommit- end Allied occupation in West Ger-
tee, they demanded a copy of the many and to begin rearmament
minutes of the AEC meeting at of that area," noted Prof. N. Mar-
which approval was agreed on, bury Efimenco, of the political
plus a report on how each com- science department.
missioner voted. In his opinion, the London Con-
K. D. Nichols, AEC's general ference plan differs most from
manager, had just notified Lang- EDC in that "it does not pro-
er's group that the form of the vide for a supra-national control
contract had been approved Oct. 5 of the military forces.
but that no binding agreement "The purpose of EDC was to
had been made with the Dixon- create a six-nation European
Yates combination, union. The new plan cannot be as
The AEC is negotiating with successful in this respect since it
Dixon-Yates for the construction is based on the traditional princi-#
of a private power plant at West ple of military alliance, while EDC
Memphis, Ark. The 107-million- was a step toward the integration
dollar installation would furnish of the European states."j
power to the Memphis area over British Offer
the lines of the Tennessee Valley When French objections to Ger-{
Authority, replacing electricity man rearmament again threat-I
TVA has switched to AEC facilities ened to stalemate the German
at Paducah, Ky. problem, Foreign Minister Anthony
Asks for Delay Eden, after great consideration by
Kefauver said at a subcommit- the British Cabinet, offered to keep
tee session that he objected seri- five British divisions on the con-

k

FRANK'

I ously to approval of the contract
form in the face of two subcom-
mittee requests that finalization
of the contract be delayed until
a congressional investigation of
the contract and the companies in-
volved in it is completed.
"They ignored the resolutions,"
Kefauver said. "I do not think that
is proper respect for a subcommit-
tee of Congress."
Expressing full agreement with
Kefauver, Langer added:
"Apparently this administration
gives its information to Wall
Street before it gives it to this
committee."
He then had read into the rec-
ord a story in today's edition of
the Wall Street Journal reporting
that the AEC apparently had ap-
proved the contract and was seek-
ing quick permission to sign it.
Nicholas gave no indication
when the final contract would be
signed but pointed out the AEC
has informed the Senate-House
Atomic Energy Committee that it
is ready to discuss the terms at an'
open hearing, tentatively sched-
uled for Oct. 13.
State Editors
To Meet Here
Over 100 editors from Michigan
newspapers will convene on cam-
pus this morning for the '37th an-
nual meeting of the University
Press Club.
The club which was founded to
permit an interchange of ideas
among editors will hear a speech
at 6:30 p.m. today by the Hon.
Paul Martin, Minister of Health
and Welfare of Canada. Martin
wil speak on Canadian-American
relations.
First Event at 2 p.m. Today
A panel discussion on "Juvenile
Delinquency and the Press" led by
Prof. William C. Morse, of the edu-
cational psychology department
will be the first even in the two
day program.
At the luncheon at 12:15 p.m. to-
day the four foreign journalists that
are recipients of University Press
Club Scholarships, will be intro-
duced by Prof.Wesley H. Maurer,
Chairman of the Journalism De-
partment.
Panel Discussion
A panel discussion on "Do We
Have a Responsible Press?" will
take place at 2 p.m. this after-
noon. Speakers will include H. A.
Fitzgerald publisher of the Pontiac
Press, Prof. Arthur W. Bromage
of the Political Science Depart-
ment, Prof. Charles W. Joiner of
the Law School, James W. Lewis,
University Vice-President, Prof.
Karl Zeisler of the Journalism de-
partment will be the moderator.

tinent for as long as necessary.
Prof. Claude Phillips, also of the
political science department, term-
ed this deviation from established
English foreign policy "the most
amazing aspect of the conference."
Prof. Phillips said that this move
helped to alleviate the French del-
egations fear of an aggressive Ger-
many, since England and France
combined, could serve to out-vote
Germany.
Biggest Problem
Now that a plan has been re-
ported out of conference, the big-
gest problem is ratification. The
crucial nations are France, Italy
and West Germany itself. "My
opinion," said Prof. Robert Curtis
of the political science department
is "that the plan will be acceptable
to France and Italy." Prof. Efi-
menco stated that "ratification is
a matter of guess-work." He add-
ed "I think the prospects are fair-
ly good. In France the new plan
is viewed as sceptically as EDC, but
the British commitment may be
an importaht factor in a new vote."
Prof. Curtis said that the recent
Russian offer to reopen talks on
unifying Germany was "a delaying
tactic designed to disrupt the
Western Allies."
The Molotov proposals, Prof. Ef-
imenco believes, will create a great
international problem in German
politics.
"Molotov's offer of unification
has dangled before German poli-
ticians their most prized goal.
Germans desire reunification as
their primary objective and the re-
sulting conflict will be a test of
strength between Adenaur and
the Social Democrats."
Troops Leave
TRIESTE R)P--- Allied occupa-
tion troops began pulling out of
Trieste yesterday, their peace-
keeping job ended by Italian--Yu-
goslav agreement on division of
the long-disputed strategic terri-
ritory.

, ,
l
3
x
1

Gua
Tax
Callin
Frank X.
"it is an i
Speak
gineering
when une
West

London Agreements
Y t R Y 0 Predict Vote
-~
f e
Permitting,
jRearmament
Decision on German
h Problem Due Tonight
u v PARIS (A')-Premier Pierre Men-
des-France yesterday threw his
popularity and prestige squarely
on the parliamentary scales In
favor of rearming West Germany
under the nine-nation London
agreements.
At the end of an hour-lng ap-
- peal to the National Assembly,
the Premier appeared to have
tilted the balance strongly in his
favor for the first vote which will
probably come tonight.
Prominent Socialist and Popular
Republicdn (MRP) deputies pre-
,P"dicted Mendes-France will get be-
tween 330 and 380 votes, well over
the 314 absolute majority.
-Daily-Lynn walas Urges Endorsement
K X. MARTEL ADDRESSES SIGMA RHO TAU SMOKER In a careful, restrained report
on the London negotiations, the
Premier urged the Assembly--
ranteed Minimum Wage which killed the European army
plan (EDC)-to endorse Germal
n Society, Says M ar[ elentry into an integrated defense
. earte force under a revived Brussels
Treaty and the North Atlantic
By MICHAEL BRAUN Treaty Organization.
g the guaranteed minimum wage "another tax on society," The Socialists, Assembly sources
Martel, president of the Wayne County AFL said that said, are likely to tie some strings
nvestment for which the American people get no return." to their approval, notably a satis-
ing at the first smoker of Sigma Rho Tau, national en- factory solution of the French-
speaking society last night, Martel said that since 1939 industrial wealth. But the Premier
mployment compensation started, over $784,000,000 have reiterated he elt the same way
been given out in benefits. In the and said he intends to submit the
month of September alone, 181/2 rearmament plan and a Saar solu-
t Gerlida million dollars have gone to un- tion to Parliament for ratification
employed in Michigan. simultaneously.
e SN OW kdaL. Mendes-France asked for parli-
20 Billions To Foreign Aid amentary approval of the outlines
"We save enough to give 20 bil- of the London agreements and au-
Idenauer lions to foreign aid. However, it thority to fill in the details in the
is only recently, that through the forthcoming Ministerial confer-
Germany ()-Chancel- y teearst prss the ences later this month. The As-
an efforts of the Hearst press that we sembly was not asked to vote on
d Adenauer last. nighthave embarked on a 50 million any treaty text at this time.
whelming parliamentary dollar road building program." Hail's Britain's Pledges
r his policy of bringing "This is a good thing because it To heavy and prolonged ap-
West Germany into the will serve a two fold purpose," he plause, Mendes-France h a i e d
lliance. said. "First it will provide badly Britain's pledges to keep troops on
ncounted show of hands, needed modern roads. Secondly, the continent indefinitely, and
rity of the Bundestag and this is most important to the said he has no further objections
use) accepted the Lon- vast number of unemployed, it will to bringing West Germany into
ment to allow Bonn to provide jobs for skilled and un- NATO as a full member.
skilled laborers. He pointed out that British For-
visions and an air force 1,eign Secretary Anthony Eden had
r of the North Atlantic ,60 Needed Daily committed his government to
g iMartel, who represented organ- maintaining four divisions and a
rganization.ized labor of the United States tactical air force on the continent
te of Confidence at the 1937 session of the Inter- as long as a majority of the Brus-
e amounted to a vote of national Labor office in Geneva sels Treaty members desire.
for Adenauer's policy said that "the United States in Mendes-France asserted the con-
t answer to Soviet For- order to keep up with her expand- trols on German rearmament
-ter V. M. Molotov's lat- ing economy needs to add 1,600 adopted in the London conference
block West German re- people a day to its labor force, removed French objections to
by dangling new hopes This many are needed to con- bringing West Germany into
n. reunification. sume the manufactured goods NATO.
est German Socialists, presently being made. "There is "We will have a veto on any in-
151 seats in the 487- no opportunity to sell if there is crease of forces on the continent,
harnber, voted against no one with the money to buy," including those of Germany, be-
n. he said. yond these indicated in the initial
ist Motion Shunted figures," he declared.
list countermotion call- Martel said that the New Deal These controls would be applied
other try for a settle- primed the pump" for the ques- through the expanded Brussels
h the Russians before tion on annual wage. By the for- Treaty organization which would
g the western half of mation of such plans as WPA include West Germany and Italy
o the allied alliance was men were given "lazy employ- ms well as the five founder mem-
side into the oblivion of ment." Recently it has come to bers-- Britain, France, Belgium.
study. Holland and Luxembourg. The
came after more than light that there are a vast num- ceiling for German forces set at
f debate on the Chan- ber of people who are holding London was the same as estab-
iort on the results of the down two jobs qnd not doing a lished in the EDO-- 12 divisions.

onference. thorough job on either one."
Block 'M' Design
rr- AN-C

E

Give
To A
BONN,(
for Konra
won overw
support fo
a rearmed
Western A
In an un
the major
(lower Ho
don agree
raise 12 di
as member
Treaty Or
Vo
The vote
confidence
and a swifl
eign Minis
est bid tol
armament
of German
The We
who have
member c
the motion
Social
A Socia
ing for an
ment with
committin
Germany b
shunted as
committee
The vote
11 hourst
cellor's rep
London Co

Strikes City

1

CRACKING DOWN:

City Investigates Housing Violations

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first
in a series of articles dealing with
Ann Arbor's housing situation.)
By LEE MARKS
Working under a new depart-
mental set-up, Ann Arbor build-
ing inspector John Ryan said yes-
terday, "We have started to crack
down on violations of the building
code."
Health, fire and building de-
partment inspections are being

said Ryan adding that complaints
would be given priority.
Most commonly violated build-
ing laws are those dealing with
fire hazards, noted Ryan. "There
must be at least two staircases
leading down from two and three
story dwellings. If there's only one,
and a fire develops in the stair
well, we haven't a chance of sav-
ing those inside."
Verticle Ladders Illegal
Vertical ladders; used as fire es-

ment unit must have a water clos-
et and a sink. (The law defines an
apartment unit as being each
room or set of rooms that have
cooking facilities.)
In many apartments, bathroom
facilities are now shared by sev-
eral tenants.
Fire Hazard
Two problems arise from storage
of combustibles in cellars and at-
tics. First, nesting is provided for
rats and other disease carriers,

group 10 iveet
The design committee for the
Block M section will meet be-
tween 3 and 5 p.m. today in Rm.
3-B of the Michigan Union.
All those who have signed up
for the committee are required to
attend. Anyone else who is inter-
ested is invited to the meeting.
Potter, Leonard
To Talk To YR's
Senator Charles Potter will be
the featured speaker at a birthday
party tendered to President Eisen-

2is f

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