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VOL. LXIV, No. 91 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1954
By Detroit Jury,
Set for Friday
DET'ROrr-(;P)-A federal court
jury yesterday found six top
Michigan Communists guilty of
Smith Act violations after just six
hours of deliberation on four
months of prosecution and de-
The defendants, Saul Wellman,
Nat Ganley, Mrs. Helen A. Win-
ter, 'Thomas D. Dennis, Jr., Wil-
liam Allan and Philip Schatz face
maximum prison sentences of five
JUDGE Frank A. Picard set Fri-
day as. the date for their sen-
Fred W. Kaess, U. S. district
- attorney in charge of the gov-
ernment's case, said: "The jur-
ors' verdict in the Detroit case
again proclaimed to the nation
that the insidious, materialist
Communist conspiracy must be
stopped. Freedom loving people
everywhere should be inspired
by the resounding guilty ver-
dict," he said.
Judge Picard offered no com-
ment on the verdict other than
it was "just and fair."
Mrs. Winter, acting as a spokes-
man for the defendants, said:
"The verdict will be appealed to
the jury of public opinion and the
higher courts of the land. Under
the circumstances no jury could
be expected to decide the issues
of this case otherwise."
The five men defendants were
returned to jail pending sentenc-
ing. Judge Picard allowed Mrs.
Winter to remain free on a $5,000
bond. Mrs. Winter had been ill
throughout the trial and had at-
tended court sessions, sometimes
in a wheelchair.
ERNEST GOODMAN, attorney
for Mrs. Winter, Schatz and Al-
lan, said an appeal would be filed.
Ganley, Dennis, and Wellman,
acting as their own counsel, also
said an appeal would be filed.
The defendants heard jury
foreman Harold Osler, of Ann
Arbor, deliver the verdict with-
out emotion. Previously they
said they expected a guilty ver-
A poll of the jury, requested by
Goodman, brought unanimous
support for the verdict.
To Play Today
Paul Badura-Skoda, youthful
Viennese pianist now making his
second tour of the United States,
will present the seventh concert of
the Choral Union series at 8:30
p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
The 26-year-old pianist's con-
cert will consist of Bach's "Partita
No. 2 in C Minor," Beethoven's
"Sonata in C Minor, Op. 13," Bar-
tok's "Suite, Op. 14" and Brahms'
"Sonata in F Minor, Op. 5."
KNOWN IN THIS country chief-
ly by his recordings, Badura-Skoda
has often been dubbed a "second,
Horowitz." Although making only
a brief tour in this country this
year, he has appeared throughout
Europe and recently in Australia,
where he was engaged for 43 per-
formances under the auspices of
the Australian Broadcasting Com-
Tickets priced at $1.50, $2, $2.50
and $3 may be purchased until 5
p.m. today in the University Musi-
cal Society office in Burton Tower.
After 7 p.m. tickets will be soldt
at the Hill Auditorium box office.
.~ - r
Tomorrow will be the last op-
portunity for men to sign up for
spring rushing in the office of
Assistant to the Dean of Men
Bill Zerman, 1020 Administra-
So far close to 400 have sign-
ed up for rushing with the final
total expected to exceed last
By MURRY FRYMER
Civil liberties and tolerance was
the creed; McCarthyism, the law
profession and 'big business' the
targets in a five speaker forum
last night outlining present threats
to civil liberties.
Speaking before a jammed-in
crowd of over 300 persons in the
Wesley Lounge of the Methodist
Church, Chairman I. Paul Taylor,
Reverend of the St. Matthew's
Methodist Church "The thing I'm
concerned with is misrepresented
Americanism. We are at the point
now where men and women are
afraid to speak their minds if they
differ in their opinions."
PROF. KENNETH E. Boulding
of the economics department said
the real dangers were not really
McCarthy and his investigating
"The real danger is that lib.
erty is becoming a tradition, not
a passion," he said, "but the
tradition of this country is that
liberty should be a passion."
Bolding spoke of tolerance as
being the "source of survival."
"Toleration bf subversion is a
strength, not a weakness. Germs
in a small quantity are good for
you, you can't survive without
He summed up with, "Commu-
nism is wrong, I am against it;
but you don't, answer an idea with
* * *
CHARLES C. Lockwood, the de-
fense attorney in the Milo J. Ra-
dulovich case hit out at the law
profession, who "wouldn't give us
the slightest help," and the Air
The attorney testified, "If the1
Air Force had won, no man or
woman in the country would be
safe. There were other (guilt1
by-) relations cases pending."
"In my opinion,"-he said, "the
decision (in the Radulovich hear-
ings) had been written before we
had our hearing. Congressional
hearings are similar to ours. De-
fendants have no more civil'
Also speaking at the forum werec
Prof. Wesley Maurer of the jour-
nalism department, and ErnestI
'Mazey, Secretary Treasurer of the
Committee Against the Trucks Act.
Calls LYL Stand
NEW YORK-(A')-The test of
whether an organization is a Com-
munist front will be based solely
on whether it is dominated and
controlled by the Communist par-
ty, the Federal Subversive Activi-
ties Control Board ruled yesterday.
Former Sen. Harry P. Cain (R-
Wash.) a board member, announc-
ed the board's ruling at a hearing
on whether the Labor Youth Lea-
gue is an alleged Communist front
-* * *
SAMUEL GRUBER, league at-
torney, argued that the board's
finding last April 20 that the Com-
munist party was an action group
substantially controlled by Moscow
was not binding on the youth
league because it was not a party
to that proceeding.
Gruber held that the youth
league could not be deemed a
Communist front unless it were
proven at the present hearing
that the Communist party was
an action group.nd
The board's ruling termed this
argument "absurd." It said:
"It is not reasonable to believe
that the Congress, when it passed
the Subversive Activities Control
Act (Internal Security Act) in-
tended that the board, once having
made, a determination finding an
organization to be a 'Communist
action organization, is required
thereafter to re-litigate the same
"To arrive at such an absurd
conclusion, would be simply to
frustrate the congressional intent
.and indefinitely postpone and de-I
lay any proceedings.
But the Big Four foreign
minisers' conference agreed to
devote another session tomorrow
-adjournment day-to the Aus-
U. S. Secretary of State Dulles,
British Foreign Secretary - Eden
and French Foreign Minister Bi-
dault attacked the Molotov amend-
ment as making no real difference
to his original occupation proposal.
ATTRIBUTING his military de-
mands on Austria to the anti-
Soviet threat he sees in the Euro-
pean Defense Community with
West German troops, Molotov
lashed back at the Allied minis-
Molotov's aims were seen as
1. To knock out EDC, which
would set up a six-nation Western
European army with West German
2. To give Russia veto over mili-
tary evacuation from Austria as
long as there is a dispute over
3. To sweeten for propaganda
purposes his blockade of Austrian
independence as the West under-
Out Until 1955
Western Powers Accuse Russia
Of Making Peace a "Tragic Fraud'
By The Associated Press
BERLIN-Russia yesterday refused again to free Austria from
Red troops in an independence treaty to be signed now, but offered
to talk in 1955 about a military withdrawal.
Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov tried to sugarcoat his proposal
for Austria's indefinite occupation with the suggestion it could be
discussed anew next year.
THE WESTERN POWERS, together with Austria, accused Molo-
tov of transforming the Austrian treaty draft into a "tragic fraud"
and quickly turned down his new ^
Total, Now 7,
By BECKY CONRAD
Another Student Legislature
member dropped from the roster
yesterday, bringing the total to
seven such resignations in the past
Carol Lee Walker, '55, resigned
her seat on the group for "personal
* * *
SL PRESIDENT Bob Neary, '54
BAd., noted the situation has oc-
curred in the past at the change-
over in semesters and could find
no indication of a trend pointing
toward general apathy in the Leg-
islature. Many of the members,
Neary explained, quit their posts
because of studies, health and out-
Since the beginning of the se-
mester, the SL Cabinet has ac-
cepted resignations of seven
members: Christine Reifel, '55;
Lorraine Baldwin, '55; Bob Ely,
'54E; 'Keith Gordon, '55; Gil
Hitchcock, '56E; Vic Hampton,
'54BAd.; and Miss Walker..
One Legislator vacated her seat
for health reasons, one when she
transferred schools, two in order to
devote more time to studies and
Hampton left his post as SL
treasurer with a letter to the cabi-
net citing three reasons for resig-
nation. He wanted to give more
time to his studies, he was unable
to "tolerate the insincerity and
apathy of certain members of the
Cabinet and Legislature," and
Hampton was preparing to take
Certified Public Accountant exam-
inations in May.
Passes by 72-16;
Say Ike Agrees
WASHINGTON (M) - The Sen-
ate voted 72-16 yesterday in favor
of amending the Constitution to
require record, roll call votes when-
ever it ratifies or rejects a treaty.
It attached the requirement to
the controversial Bricker amend-
ment, the chief aim of which is to
put sharp limitations on the Pres-
ident's treaty-making powers.
PRESIDENT Eisehower is firmly
opposed to the key section of the
Bricker amendment - sponsored
by Sen. Bricker (R-Ohio) -- but
Senate Republican Leader Know-
land of California said the Presi-
dent does not object to the com-
pulsory rollcall clause.
Many treaties in the past have
been ratified by voice votes.
Sometimes only a handful of
senators have been present when
the ratification took place.
Although some senators ridi-
culed the idea of amending the
constitution to require. a roll-
call vote, arguing the same thing
could be accomplished by a simple
change in the Senate rules, nost
of them voted for the provision.
Like the first test vote, on the
Bricker amendment Monday, to-
day's vote was not regarded as a
key to how the Senate will line up
when the time comes for a deci-
sion on the main issue. '
Senate Attaches Clause
To Bricker's Proposal
Seeking Roll Call Vote
5EVEN SHOPPING DAYS-Only a week remains in which students
may subscribe to the 1954 Michiganensian before the price rises.
Now available for $6, the subscriptions will be sold on campus today
from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Women students in dormitories may take
advantage of Staff Night this evening, when 'Ensian representatives
will visit all rooms.
By GENE HARTWIG
In its second session yesterday the Inter-House Council "Opera-
tion Inquiry" committee heard two members of the residence halls
administration air their views on the "Michigan House Plan."
Most of the meeting centered around a general discussion of the
halls from the administrative viewpoint and was aimed at drawing
background for more detailed talks on specific points in the system.
ASSISTANT DEAN of Men's Residence Halls Peter A. Ostafin
and Mrs. Nelly Newell, house mother in East Quad's Greene House,
answered six questions put by the committee on the dorm setup.
The questions dealt with the e
purposes of the "Michigan Plan" S
and the success it has achieved SPRING VS. FALL:
so far, the function of the staff,
the role of student government
and the effect of business office
policy on the halls.
According to committee chair- Before
the engineering college these ques-
tions will be basic ones considered
by the committee in its meeting By DEBRA I
with other representatives from Panhellenic Association open
the residence halls. statement by Assembly President
The committee plans to call the opposition of independent wo
a number of persons represent- T
ing the student and administra-
tive viewpoint in the dorms to tory Council, was presented at Pa
discuss residence halls problems. consider the spring versus fall rus
IHC President Roger Kidston, * *
'56L, said that frankness of opin- AFTER ASSEMBLY'S stateme
ion is hoped for in all the future cushion which The Daily was not
discussions of the committee. Panhellenic President Martha .Hill
Another meeting has been plan- with no main arguments emerging
ned for tomorrow at which two
students will present their opin- Support of spring rushing
ions. beliefs. Fall rushinz .according
Angry Debaters Sp ark
Senate Agriculture IBattle
WASHINGTON - (iP) - Angry debate over the Eisenhower.admin-
istration's farm policies erupted on the Senate floor yesterday as Sen.
Humphrey (D-Minn.) contended that lower price supports for butter
will deal "a death blow" to many dairy farmers.
Across the capitol, Rep. Andresen (R-Minn) led a move to block,
shing Deb 'ate
ed its meeting yesterday with a
Dolores Messinger, '54, stressing
omen to fall rushing.
'reed upon by the Assembly Dormi-
inhellenic's first formal meeting to
tnt, Panhellenic held a closed dis-
permitted to cover. According to
, '54, general discussion took place
g in favor of either system.
by Assembly was based on two
to independent women, makes
7 aacnr fn h t ivva do
In an after-dinner speech at
Lane Hall's Brotherhood Banquet
last night, J. Oscar Lee, Chairman
of the Department of Racial and
Cultural Relations of the Nation-
al Council of Churches of Christ,
cited the threatening loss of free-
dom of speech as the gravest dan-
ger in America today.
Speaking on "The Status of Hu-
man Relation in the Nation and
in the World," Lee went on to
mention the great progress that
has been made in the country in
the past ten years in race rela-
"The denial of freedom to any
man is really a denial of freedom
to all men," Lee said, "and the
treatment of color has become the
symbol of American treatment of
all minority groups."
a slash of 15 parity points in fed-
eral price props for dairy products.
REPORTEDLY with support
from some farm state Democrats
and Republicans, Andresen intro-
duced a bill providing that dairy
price supports for any year should
not be reduced "by more than five
In the Senate, bitter charges
and countercharges, liberally
spiced with political overtones,
centered on Secretary of Agri-
culture Benson's announcement
Monday that the support level
for butter will be cut from 90 to
75 per cent of parity-the legal
maximum-effective April 1.
Parity is a formula designed to
give farmers a fair return on
their products in relation to the
prices of basic things they buy.
One after another,sDemocratic
senators rose to join in critical
blasts at the administration's farm
program, designed to shift from
rigid high-level price suports to a
sliding-scale "flexible" s y s t e m
aimed at trimming the present
huge stocks of government-held
SEN. COOPER (R-Ky), Seih
Morse (Ind-Ore) and the 14 Dem.
ocrats who joined them in oppos.
ing the rollcall proposal night be
considered, however, as a bloc
which is against any change fri the
Constitution at this time.
The first real voting test may
come today when-administration
leaders will move to amend Ar-
ticle VI of the Constitution to
require that all treaties must be
made in."pursuanee" to the Con-
stitution to become the supreme
law of the land.
This is the same constitutional
rule that applies to federal laws.
Administration leaders feel that
extending it to treaties will per-
mit the courts to reveiew treaties
when their constitutionality is
In addition to amending Ar-
ticle VI, the leadership proposal
would knock out the key section
of the original Bricker amendment,
'Russia Tod ay'
Topic of Talk
Mrs. Lydia Kirk, wife of former
ambassador to Moscow, Admiral
Kirk, will talk on "Life in Russia
Today" at 8:30 p.m, tomorrow in
Spending the two years from
1949-51 in Moscow, Mrs. Kirk
gained much first hand informa-
tion on Russian life. The letters
she wrote to her children from the
embassy havehrecently been pub-
lished under the title "Postmarked,
Beside her two-year sojourn in
Russia, Mrs. Kirk has spent
much time in Paris, London,
Brussels and Washington ac-
companying her husband on his
Tickets may be purchased from
10 to 5 p.m. today and tomorrow
at the Hill Auditorium box office.
New members of the Literary
College Steering Committee will be
chosen by petitions, which will be
available in Dean J. H. Robertson's
world News Roundup
BEHIND POLICE SCENES:
-----i7 y 4i ~7111' y -..--- l ---a
.Detective Story' Begins Run Today
By GAIL GOLDSTEIN
Life behind the scenes in a po-
lice station will be portrayed by
the Student Players in Sidney
Kinksley's "Detective Story" which
starts today and continues
through Saturday with curtain
time at 8 p.m. in the Lydia Men-
Kingsley has attempted to write "
a play that stirs people to feel the ,
necessity for keeping public con-
trol over the police.power.
* * * t
THE ACTION of the play cen-
ters around the detective squad-
room of a station house, and sev-
n necessary xor htie n mividua to
choose a living system before
she has had time to make an in-
Assembly also feels that if a
girl is, eliminated in the fall rush-
ing system, she starts her college
career with a loss of self-confi-
Other arguments concerning
both systems have been set forth
by Panhellenic, in an evaluation
compiled by Shirley Mason, Pan-
hellenic rushing chairman, on in-
formation gathered from dormi-
tory house mothers, sorority finan-
cial advisors and statistical re-
Fall rushing, according to
this evaluation, does away with
contact rules which would other-
wise last for an entire semester.
Sororities also have an oppor-
tunity to contribute to the ad-
justment of freshmen through
their pleee ro erams under the
By The Associated Press
CALCUTTA, India-Thousands of Communist-led rioters battled
police and Indian army troops yesterday in wild street fighting that
wrecked a section of the city near Government House.
WASHINGTON-Secretary of Commerce Weeks announced
yesterday that a new method of collecting statistics indicates the
number of unemployed in early January was 3,087,000 or about
728,000 more than previously reported.
NEW YORK-The Stock Market ran afoul of heavy profit-taking
yesterday and tumbled into its deepest loss of this year.
LONDON-The Communist world has boosted the size of its
regular armed forces to around I0 million men, the House of
Commons was told yesterday.
HANOI, Indochina-French Union forces seized the offensive in
northwestern Indochina yesterday. Troops 4,000 to 5,000 strong broke
out of Dien Bien Phu in attacks
U Hospital Thefts
on three Vietminh "elite" divisions
long threatening that entbattled
And in Washington, Adm. Ar-