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May 04, 1954 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1954-05-04

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'1'UtztAA.1, i 1AX 4, 1954

PAGE FOUR ThE MI%3til6AN tAiI~Y IUk.~bUAi, MAY 4, I~4

On The Ethics of Being Human

PROTEST. The entire situation is un-
fair, unconstitutional and undemocratic."
So speaks Infant, whose age is undetermined
and whose name is quite unimportant. He
continues, "It is indeed an intolerable situa-
tion. Here I am initiated into an extremely
unexclusive club, an organization in which
the membership is so extensive that they
don't even bother to request a decent set
of references.
"There ought to be some kind of law
against it. Think of it-a superior being
set down in the midst of a group so diver-
sified that it is almost frightening. I
might at least have been asked to which
group I would prefer to belong, but I was
not even allowed that small measure of
freedom. Perhaps I shouldn't complain.
though, since there are plenty of others
in the same club, billions to be exact.
They seem to be surviving, so I might as
well give it a try. Actually I'm not in any
great hurry to resign.
"The club, of course, is called the Human
In the midst of a Tower of Babel o bias
clauses and stereotypes the major issue has
been pushed into the background. There
is a strictly ethical side to the question of
prejudice whether that prejudice be based
on racial, religious or political grounds. Is
+ MU
At Hill Auditorium.. ..
The Philadelphia Orchestra, The Univer-
sity Choral Union, Thor Johnson, Guest
Conductor, Lois Marshall, soprano, Blanche
Thebom, contralto, John McCollum, tenor,
William Warfield, baritone
Elijah: A Dramatic Oratorio for Chorus,
Soloists, and Orchestra, Op. 70, Mendels-
SUNDAY AFTERNOON'S concert was one
that began as a rather uninspired read-
ing and ended as an extremely brilliant suc-
cess for the Chorus, Orchestra, Soloists and
Conductor. The turning point seemed to
be Miss Marshall's Recitative and Air "What
have I to do with thee," which she sang
with such dramatic intensity that the rest
of the performers apparently took the hint,
for from this point on the group was in-
spired to the extent of giving an electrify-
ing performance
Seldom does an audience have the privi-
lege of hearing a group of soloists as fine
as Misses Marshall and Thebom and
Messrs. McCollum and Warfield. Miss
Marshall demonstrated ability as a dra-
matic soprano that will be hard to sur-
pass. Her perception was especially ap-
parent in the opening aria of Part II,
"Hear Ye Israel!" Miss Thebom sang well,
although her work could have projected
more effectively. Mr. McCollum has an
exceptionally fine voice; however at times
it failed to have the needed intensity. His
best work was in the aria, "Then shall the
righteous shine forth." Mr. Warfield prov-
ed himself to be one of the most sensitive
artists of our time. Rarely is such com-
plete understanding and devotion heard.
Each phrase was studied and perfected to
a point of breath-taking sincerity. The
ensemble of the artists was carefully bal-
anced. Miss Susanne Watt, who sang the
part of the youth, did a fine job as did
Mrs. Stubbins, the organist, and the mem-
bers of the trio, "Lift, thine eyes."
The University Choral Union sang their
most inspired performance. Their brilliance
Sunday afternoon would be hard for them
to match in the future. Their soft passages
had a beautifully matched tone instead of
the inconsistence that is usually present.
Their forte singing was intensely dramatic
and again their tone was beautiful instead
of simply loud as it has been in the past.
The guest conductor, Thor Johnson,
gave an interpretation of the work that
could only be achieved after the most de-
tailed consideration. His planning was

immaculate. The performance therefore
never became tedious, which is so often the
case in a work of this nature.
-Fred Coulter


it fair to deny another individual his rights
because he is different from us. No! To do
so is to renounce one of the principles on
which this country was founded, "that all
men are created equal." But business clubs,
fraternities and individuals claim they have
a right to choose their own associates with-
out anybody criticizing their choice. If it is
only the criticism that bothers them, then
the answer is simple. They may either admit
that the disease of prejudice can be cured
with the medicine of an open mind, or they
can build a w'all around themselves and rot.
Everyone wants to select his own friends.
But who has the right to refuse applicants
because of their color or belief? Perhaps
the statement that it is the contents and
not the cover that counts is only a nasty
Those who pracice prejudice claim they
have excellent reasons for doing so. If this
is true, why don't they state their motives?
All that is needed is that they transcend
the brotherhood of man, that law which was
designed to create a family of mankind. If
the reasons they give fullfll this require-
ment, then why do those who profess them
answer the charges of prejudice with evasive
words? Why are they often silent? Could
it be they haven't got a leg to stand
on . . .
-Mary Lee Dinger
At Hill Auditorium .. .
Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy,
Conductor; Artur Rubinstein, Pianist.
LAST NIGHT Mr. Rubinstein, Mr. Orman-
dy, and the Philadelphia Orchestra play-
ed the final concert of the May Festival
series. The orchestra played one of its bet-
ter concerts, and the program certainly was
not harmed by Mr. Rubinstein's presence.
The soloist's portion of the program was,
for the most part, very brilliantly played.
The first movement of the Grieg A minor
Piano Concerto was performed with the
spirit and fine understanding that the
artist has for this type of stock romantic
work. He played the second movement
with flexibility, and he realized the musi-
cal line fully. The finale, however, seemed'
to lack the punch and drive needed to
sum up and to save this work. Rubinstein's
virtuosity came fully into appearance with
the playing of the Rachmaninoff Rhap-
sody on a Theme of Paganini. The sharp-
ly contrasting rhythmic and character
changes of the variations were elegantly
projected by the pianist.
The orchestra opened the program with
a difficult .showpiece for the strings, the
Toccata and Fugue in D minor. This work,
although at moments not recognizable as
Bach, was excitingly played and was ex-
tremely enjoyable. Scored for the modern
orchestra as it is, I found it difficult to
imagine that the work was origially for
organ.eThe Landre Symphony No. 3 is a
work that fully explits the different sec-
tions of the orchestra. The Philadelphia
woodwind section is made up of a fine group
of individual musicians; however, as an en-
semble they did not equal the other sections
in the Landre.
For encores the guest artist played the
Chopin Polonaise in A Flat Major and the
Villa-Lobos Polichinelle.
-George Papich
Representative Clardy in secret hearings. He
probably doesn't televise well.
* * *
THE DEAN OF WOMEN, commenting on
League House discrimination, says "anyone
has the right to determine what actions and

standards will be acceptable in his own
home." Bring the kegs up to the apartment
boys, there's no place like home.

In Washington
DISGRACEFUL and damaging as is the
whole squalid business, it would only
make matters infinitely worse to close down
or to interrupt the hearings. This is a com-
mittee acting under the authority of the
Senate and before it are high officials in
the Executive branch of the government.
The country had better be shown to the
bitter end, no matter how long it takes,
what grave damage McCarthyism has done
to America.
The damage cannot be repaired by
smothering the Senate's inquiry. The con-
fidence of our own people is profoundly
shaken. Our prestige in the world and
our claim to be the leader and defender
of free peoples have been hurt by McCar-
thy, as they never were hurt by the world-
wide apparatus of the Communist propa-
The heart of the damage is the fact that
the government has allowed itself to be
intimidated by an ambitious and ruthless
demagogue. This damage, permitting our-
selves to be intimidated, can be repaired
only when it has been proven to ourselves
and to the world abroad that nobody is
afraid any longer.
* * * *
As we watch the spectacle of a great gov-
ernment in disorder, we ask ourselves what
is it that has gone so wrong. The Constitu-
tion, the government, American institutions,
the churches, the schools and universities,
the press are all still there, and yet the
sanity and the security of the country, its
self-respect and its liberties are shaken and
impaired. .
The immediate answer to the question
of why we are so stricken leads directly, I
believe, to the remedy for the trouble.
McCarthy's power is built not upon the
Constitutional right of Congress to inves-
tigate but upon a flagrant abuse of that
right. The abuse of that right is unchecked
because the Senate is not observing faith-
fully its Constitutional obligations and
because of an unnecessary, unwarranted
and, in the spirit at least, an unconstitu-
tional acquiescence by the President in
the abuse.
The abuse lies in the taking over by a
Congressional committee of powers which
belong to the Executive and to the Judicial
branch. Take, for example, McCarthy's in.
vestigation at Fort Monmouth. Just what
was it that the Senate had a right and duty
to investigate there? The Army was already
investigating the possible security risks be-
fore McCarthy got into the act.
For what purpose did he get into the act?
Was he presuming to substitute himself for
the Army in judging each specific case?
Was he questioning the good. faith of the
Army which was dealing with the allega-
tions of security risk? What was McCarthy
doing at Fort Monmouth? Was there any
legislation contemplated or required? Was
there any allegation that the Army was
itself tainted with disloyalty and was not
trying to elimintae the security risks which
it, not Sen. McCarthy, had found it neces-
sary to examine?
What, I repeat, was the Senate investi-
gating at Fort Monmouth? The answer
is that it was not investigating anything
that was its business as a legislature
which makes the laws and then inquires
into whether they are faithfully and effi-
ciently and honestly administered and en-
forced. The Fort Monmouth cases were
entirely within the prerogative and the
responsibility of the Executive branch of
the government. If after that, there had
been, which there was not, any case of
espionage, it was the duty of the Execu-
tive to take. the case to the courts. The
McCarthy investigation in all this is a
usurpation of power which belongs to the
Executive branch of the government.

Why does not the Senate forbid its own
committees to commit this usurpation of
power and to bring the government of' the
United States into such disorder and disre-
pute? There are, I would argue, many con-
tributing but only one central and decisive
reason for the Senate's behavior.
One of the contributing reasons is that
the Party bosses have regarded McCarthy
as a political asset. Another is that a large
number of the Senators have been afraid
of him, afraid of being attacked person-
ally or politically by him. Another con-
tributing reason is that many Senators
have not known how to meet the charge
that only Communists are opposed to Mc-
Carthy, and have reluctantly had to ad-
mit to themselves that the cheapest and
easiest way not to look red or pink was to
be yellow.
But these are not the decisive reasons
for the pusillanimous failure of the Senate
to curb McCarthy. The decisive reason is
that in this hard world and under the
American system of government which is
designed for the kind of hard world that
the world is, the abuse of power is not often
curbed unless the abuse is resisted.
McCarthyism is an invasion of the pre-
rogatives of other branches of the govern-
ment, particularly the Executive branch. It
is for the Executive to repel the invasion, to
resist the usurpation, to defend its Consti-
tutional prerogatives. It would be nice, no
doubt, if in a nicer world the Senate would
observe the self-restraint which would make
it unnecessary for an amiable and peace-

"Just In Case Of Fire, Where's The Nearest Exit?"

' +C~c





The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
Libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste wilu
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Fo Mefl DAnn Arbor chapter of the National
Association for the Advancement
To The Editor: of Colored People met with Dean
Deborah Bacon and informed her
THE CURRENT discussion over of the incident. Dean Bacon re-
the waiver of final exams for plied that she planned to take no
seniors displays a serious confusion action to aleviate this situation.
between the means and ends of a She said that she will continue to
college education. support the Washtenaw house and
As I see it, one of the proposed other approved league houses even
plans would have seniors excused if they practiced discrimination
from their exams to enable them against negroes.
{bo be certified as graduated at com- DenBcinasrtot
mencement time. This would make Dean Bacon, in answer to a
graduation "meaningful" as well query, expressed the belief that
as allow the other students more girls who were against discrimina-
time to study for their exams. tion should find out through the
Final examinations provide league house landlord if that spe-
many students with the opportun- cific house practiced discrimina-
manystuent wih te oporun-tion before they consented to live
ity of rearranging and tabulating in that league house d
the material of a semester's study. Recently, the Student Legisla-
While good daily preparation fa- ture passed a motion to create an
cilitates this process, it is no sub- anti-discriminatory board. It was
stitute for the valuable summing agreed at the time to have a rep-
up and re-evaluation that come
with finals. Finals give the chance resentative of the University ad-
to put their work in context. ministration act as a member of
the board. If Dean Bacon's opin-
What's more, amid the rush of ion is typical of administration
the last college weeks, school work policy towards discrimination,
without the incentive of examina- wouldn't it be wise to have Gover-
tion will provide at most, second nor Byrnes of South Carolina act
rate classroom and study per- as a spokesman for the admin-
formance. istration on matters of discrimina-
A really meaningful commence- tion?
ment is one which sees a Univer- -Willie B. Hackett
sity present its finished products, * +

'lT7'7A OTTT'I.T!"''T!'\AT T9 ..'4..... S it-- ._t ;


. vr J r rvY w

_ _

WASINTON-Benn ne Indo-China hemming and fawing at to the world. Graduating unex-An
Geneva is a conversation with Adm. Arthur Radford, Chairman amined seniors will be meaningfulIAie .adK in
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, which has made French Premier Laniel only to the extent that those who To the Editor:
furious. get their diplomas will be sure that
It wasn't publicized, but Laniel had formally asked for the they have been officially grad- 1RE: Review of the movie "Rhap-
intervention of the U. S. Air Force a little over a week ago. He uated. sody" with Bob Holloway.
did this, however, only after Admiral Radford had told him in The waiver of one semester of I am not at all familiar with
advance that President Eisenhower would immediately agree. examinations is, of course, not in your musical background, Mr. Hol-
itself enough to indict a Michigan loway. However, it must be quite
But when the formal French request got to Washington, Eisen- degree. But it points to an atti- extensive to allow you to call
hower did just the opposite. He flatly said no-on the ground that tude which at times loses sight of Rachmaninoff's Second Piano
he did not have authority without the prior consent of Congress. the real goals of education in quest Concerto and Tchaikovsky's Vio-
What actually happened was that Radford has been wanting the of the theatrical. Our first re- lin Concerto, Selections that have
United States to intervene directly in the Indo-Chinese war while sponsibility should be to our grad- been played to death.
other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff have not. The French uates. Perhaps you are unaware that
Premier, talking to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, did If a "meaningful" commence- many young artists use these very
not know about this deadlock in Washington. Also Eisenhower felt ment means the loss of meaning- compositions to begin their musi-
that Congress and the American people would vigorously oppose the ful degrees, the choice is obvious. cal careers. The movie did not ar-
use of the American Air Force in Indo-China, and he didn't want to While they are in the position bitrarily choose two pieces just be-
take the political consequences. of legislators about to vote them- cause they are familiar to the gen-
selves a raise, students must not eral public. However both con-
Therefore, he told Premier Laniel that the United States lose sight of the long range effect certos are very difficult technically
would intervene only if Great Britain joins us, which of course is of their votes when they ballot in and it is rare that an artist can
just not going to happen. Winston Churchill had already told Ike the coming referendum. give them full justice as was done
in a telephone conversation that Britain would not cooperate. -Harland Britz, '56L in this movie. It is quite possible
Net result of the French conversations has made a virtual French *that the artists performing theses
surrender much more likely; and with it the likely fall of the middle- Virtue Triumphant . . . compositions in "Rhapsody" were
of-the-road Laniel government. such musicians as Heifetz or Ru.


To The Editor:

.T nersnena11u _as well as myln


With just as little fanfare as possible, Secretary of the Interior SUNDAY A LETTER appeared in friends, thoroughly enjoyed thee
McKay ha~s given the green light to a reversal of the 50-year-old whi s acolumn over our names in selections. What is your idea of
Teddy which we said it has been called enjoyable music that has not been
dy Roosevelt reclamation act.to our attention that the Inter- "played to death?"
In a letter dated April 6 to Congressman Miller of Nebraska, Arts Union is producing two stu- -Bernard Goodman
McKay has okayed the same principle for reclamation and water- dent written plays of dubious ' * *
power as has been applied to the graft-ridden FIIA. Western moral character."
senators who have examined the McKay plan say it amounts to Although we hold to our state- COmm itSt Paradox .. .
the biggest giveaway since New Deal days and is a complete . ent that there are enough Ten-To The Editor
reversal of Eisenhower policy. They plan a battle to block the nessee Williamses and Erskine
policy in Congress Caldwells throwing their weight T'S PARADOXICAL that some
poiyi Cnrs.a round without young people imi- i
But its chief provisions will be completely ignored. These pro- arin thteng weould ike communists are so vocal in ap-
e r-Itating this trend, we would like parent defense of our civil liber-
visions, considered all-important in the building up of the west, but to make our position clear. Our pars. defens of our civlbr-
bittrlyfouht b th poer cmpaiesand ig andownes, re:ties. Writings of these naive par-
bitterly fought by the power companies and big land-owners, are: judgment was based on biased in- ty-liners would make bitter jokes
1. Preference to public bodies such as municipalities and REA formation. to people oppressed by commun-
coops, rather than private utilities, in the sale of power. 1 To a person of absolute moral ists the world over. The answer to
2. A 160-acre limit on the amount of land any one owner can I standards, these plays would take this paradox is that party tactics
have under water from a Federal reclamation project. Big land- on a specific character. It has call for its members to make fa-
owners have been trying to knock this limitation out for years. since been told to us, however, vorable public assertions for, to
To get around these two important reclamation policies, Secre- that the purpose of the play- join, and even initiate any appro-
tary McKay has okayed a plan to give power on the Stanislaus River wright in question is one of satire priate cause or movement, so they
in, California to a group of private irrigation developers plus Pacific rather than condonement. become thereby associated in the
Gas and Electric. In addition, the Federal Government will hand this . We should like to reserve final ublic mind.
group $10,370,000 in grants and loans under a special bill introduced pladgmproduce haOlysten chn In addition to causing confusion
by Congressman Leroy Johnson with Senators Knowland and Kuchel, plays produced. Only then can by this camouflaging technique; it
Republicans. the true purpose be known. makes the movement a tool in the
RECLAMATION ACT IGNORED Wi. R. s arence hands of the party, to be utilized
Ontopof tsa Rod z until its usefulness ends, or better
On top of this, CongFessman Miller of Nebraska has introduced ar oyetuntil the cause or idea is
* * * yt h


-Jon Sobeloff




bill making this applicable to all of the 17 western states. The
Reclamation Act would be completely bypassed and ignored.
Furthermore, not only Secretary McKay personally, but the
Budget Bureau and the Eisenhower administration have made this
official policy.
Background of this important byplay is that about a year ago,
the Oakdale and South San Joaquin irrigation districts signed a
contract with Pacific Gas and Electric to set up three power plants on
the Stanislaus River, and using this contract as security, they nego-
tiated a loan of $4,700,000. The excess water, they planned, would be
used for irrigation.
Just at this time, however, Secretary Humphrey's hard-money
policy upset the applecart. The banks refused to go through with
the loan.
Whereupon the California promoters called on Undersecretary
of the Interior Ralph Tudor for help, and Tudor finally came
through with a plan not only to give the Stanislaus River to the
private groups, but also hand them $10,370,000 in loans and grants.

The Dean's View . .
To the Editor:
ON APRIL 24, two negroes, one
a student, went to a University
approved league house at 1811
Washtenaw Avenue to pick up
their dates. Because one of the
girls hadn't finished dressing, the
students were asked by a house
resident to wait in the living room.
Doing so, the students sat down
on a davenport. At this point, the
landlord entered the room and
acidly told the students that ne-j
groes weren't allowed into the

crushed. Let's remain alert to
creeping McCarthyism, but also
wary of people who with some os-
tentation and expense profess good
intent, yet whose blind party al-
legiance supercedes that to coun-
try or liberty.
-John W. Price, Grad.
Sixty-Fourth Year
Edited and managed by students of
athe University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.


At the State . . .
ELEPHANT WALK, with Elizabeth Tay-
lor, Peter Finch, Dana Andrews, and
many added elephants.
THIS IS A Technicolored Moby Dick,
more or less, with a horde of frustrated
elephants replacing the white whale. The
pitch is that a since deceased plantation
owner in Ceylon has constructed his man-
sion-"the bungalow," it is called-in the
path which the elephants had taken in
order to get to water. The old man was a
virtual deity in the locale, and his major-
domo takes time out to commune with his
spirit once every day.
The old block's chip, played effectively
by an actor named Peter Finch, comes in-
to possession of his father's estate, and
manages it with some of the same grim
conscientiousness. He takes himself a wife

(Elizabeth Taylor) and brings her with
him back to Ceylon. It's no picnic, believe
me. She is immediately confronted with
the old man's memory, which determines
how things are operated even though he
has been dead for years. In addition she
has to contend with the very unsympa-
thetic major-domo and a bunch of dread-
ful Scotch-guzzling British stereotypes.
In short, she is driven into the arms of
Dana Andrews, who is a plantation super-
visor. The series of events which drive her
back out of them are the substance of the
picture. I know what they are, but I'm
not telling.
Miss Taylor is as attractive as usual, and
gives a good performance, despite the in-
consistency of her accent. The other actors
are very competent, and the elephants are
wonderful. In short, the movie is not such
a turkey as one might expect.


Yesterday, three officials of the

(Copyright 1954, by the Bell Syndicate)


_ __Square and Folk Dancing Tonight. The English Journal Club will meet Editorial Staff
Everyone welcome. Grey Austin, caller. Wed., May 5, at 8 p.m., East Conference Harry Lunnt..........Managing Editor
LaneHail. 7:30-10:00 p.m. Room, Rackham Building.eProfessors Eric vetter............ City Editor
Arthur Eastman, Donald Pearce. and Virginia Voss. ...... Editoril Director
S.R.A. Publicity Committee for the Arthur Carr wil conduct a panel dis- Mike Wolff........Associate City Editor
-uw.IvAL Alice B. Silver. .Assoc. Editorial Director
IAll-Campus Fall Religious Program will cussion on "The Teaching of Poetry."DianeBD ilv te ssocite ditor
meet in the Lane Hall Conference Room, Members of the Journal ClubCommit- Diane DAm e... .Associate Editor
B L E I17:30 pin, tee for next year will also be elected. Helene Simon..... ....Associate Editor
BULLETN All graduate students and faculty mem- Ivan Kaye.............. .Sports Editor
UL I Episcopal Student Foundation. Tea bers of the English Department are in- Paul Greenberg... . Assoc. Sports Editor
from 4 to 5:30 at Canterbury House. vited to attend. Marilyn Campbelll.Women's Editor
All students invited. Kathy Zeisler. ...Assoc. Women's Editor
(Continued from Page 2) -seti Le Cercle Francais will meet Wed., tChuck Kelsey .Chief Photographer
May 5, at 8 p.m. in the Michigan Lea-
Business Education Students and Com ing Events gue. In answer to many inquiries on 'S usnsStaff
Those Interested in Business Teacher how a typical Frenchman views Amer-
Education. There will be a coffee hour Forum on College and University ica, we have invited Etienne Thi, a William Kaufman Advertising Manager
Teacmhing. derisn Mnae
at 3:30 p.m. today in the Homemak- Teaching. Parisian Frenchman, to tell of his "Hu- Harlean Hankin.Assoc. Business Mgr.
ing Rooms of the "Corner House" at Final session, Fri., May 7, 3-4:30 p.m., orous Impressions of America." Every- William Seiden .. Finance Manager
corner of East University and South Auditorium C, Angell Hall. one is invited. All members are urgedAnita Sigesmund..Circulation Manager
University. Job opportunities in busi- Topic: How Can a Professor Evaluate to attend.
ness teacher education will be dis- the Effectiveness of His Teaching? Fourth Laboratory Bill of lays will Telephone NO 23-24-1
.Symposium:bepresented by the Department of

Deutscher Verein. Next meeting will

The Basis for Evaluation"-Edward Speech Thursday and Friday, May 6 and
T. mllr A -in it . Pofesor f ,1 nt9 n - in lipWome'sAthetcl X __/_

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