'THE MICHIGAN IDAILY
THURSDAY. APRIL 22, 1954
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
The Dulles Trip & Indo-China
RECENTLY A WORLD renowned scientist,
who perhaps contributed more to the
development of the atomic bomb than any-
one else, was suspended from Federal em-
ployment on the grounds of "security."
One of the worst features of Oppenheim-
er's suspension was that he had already
been thoroughly investigated and cleared.
The famous scientist's boycott was based
on no more evidence than was presented
at earlier hearings regarding his loyalty.
In courts of law, no one can be re-tried
for the same charge.
Not only is this incident a grave injus-
tice to Oppenheimer but if repeated, its
ramifications will be most deplorable.
Possibly, its most serious effect is to im-
press on the public mind that "security risk"
and "disloyalty" are synonomous. Nothing
could be farther from the truth. Sexual de-
viation, alcoholism and general carelessness
in the handling of secret files provides
enough evidence for a "security risk" charge.
And these demeanors surely don't involve an
element of "disloyalty."
Another equally dire effect is that the
Civil Service has been demoralized. Once
political orthodoxy is equated with loyalty,
we might just as well resign ourselves to
the fact that civil service performance will
be nothing more than mediocre if that.
If any human undertaking is shoe-horn-
ed'into stringent conformity, no substan-
tial results should be expected-initiative
and incentive are dampened.
This is precisely what is happening in the
Civil Service. Our top men in the govern-
ment will be lost if a slight departure from
the norm of conformity provides sufficient
evidence for a "security risk" charge. Why
should top scientists, economists or any oth-
er professional experts jeopardize their name
and reputation by accepting governmental
SCENE ... SENIOR CLASSROOM
"And in conclusion we can see that there
are three significant aspects of Hegel's dia-
lectic, namely ...
"I'm a gifted worm with magical power
"I've come to dismiss you for the rest of
the hour, etc."
SOUNDS ... Boo ... Hiss Pfaugh!
SCENE .".. JUNIOR CLASSROOM
"And in summary these six epaxial mus-
cles are ...
"I'm a0 'gifted worm with magical powers
SOUNDS ... Boo ... Hiss . .
SCENE... SOPHOMORE CLASSROOM
"Descarte's first great statement upon
which much of his philosophy was based
was "cognito ergo sum," meaning .,.
"I'm a gifted worm, etc., etc., etc.
SOUNDS .". . Boo???
SCENE ... FRESHMAN CLASSROOM
"This reaction is comparable to that of
a man who when viewing a sweater-clad miss
"I'm a gifted, etc., etc., etc.
SOUNDS ... Rah ... Let's go!
A British View
O NE of the hydrogen bomb's nicer charac-
teristics is that it is very reluctant to
explode. Extraordinarily high temparatures
and intricately adjusted conditions are need-
ed to set it off. In this respect it sets some-
thing of an example both to public opinion
and to public men-an example that might
be better heeded. In the tumult of discus-
sion set off by the test explosion in the Pa-
cific on March 1st, some normally level
voices have been heard saying curiously wild
things; and the damage caused by inade-
quate safety measures around Bikini may
yet prove a small thing in comparison with
the harmful effects of some of these hasty
Every allowance must, admittedly, be
made for the unprecedented psychological
atmosphere in which any discussion of
such a weapon must be conducted. It is
asking a good deal of human nature to
expect men to speak with judicial calm of
a device that can fell a city at a blow.
For all that, it remains blindingly clear
that a mood of alarm and bewilderment
Is the worst of all moods in which to pass
sweeping judgements or to take fateful
A public that is often chided for its apathy
toward vital issues is now, at a moment
when its interest is fully aroused, being of-
fered from many quarters not plain fact
and sober argument, but emotion, sentiment,
catchwords, and tubthumping tirades. This
is, in the deepest sense, a most cynical fri-
Everybody who thinks about this terrible
problem has the same objective: to see that
By WALTER LIPPMANN
THE GENERAL position, both immediately
and for the longer run, seems to have
been improved considerably by the talks Mr.
Dulles recently had in London and in Paris.
We have been having the immediate
crisis at Dienbienphu. And there is a
problem, which must be met at Geneva,
of how to bring the war to an end and in
a way which promotes the independence
of the Indo-Chinese peoples and preserves
Independence of Thailand and of Burma.
The battle for the beleaguered fortress of
Dienbienphu is, as such, not strategically de-
cisive. As a matter of fact the French have
lost similar outposts in the past without im-
portant consequences. Dienbienphu had be-
come a critical battle because Ho Chi Minh,
with strong Chinese support, has been at-
tempting to destroy the French will to re-
sist and, therefore, the French capacity to
negotiate, just as the Geneva conference is
This caused the crisis which blew up in
Washington before Mr. Dulles's trip. It
turned on whether direct American inter-
vention at Dienbienphu was necessary to
prevent a general collapse of all the resist-
ance in Indo-China before the Geneva con-
ference. But direct intervention would sure-
ly have touched off a worldwide crisis of
enormous magnitude and in all probability a
general war in the Far East. In the Ameri-
can view it was, therefore, of the highest
moment that the crisis of Dienbienphu
should be resolved lest the much bigger cri-
sis be provoked. Whether the American es-
timate was exaggerated is argueable. But it
did in fact coincide, so it seemed, with Ho
Chi Minh's estimate, or why was he spending
such enormous effort to capture the for-
The only statesmanlike way to resolve
the crisis of Dienbenphu was to take
measures which would make the outcome
cease to have such critical importance-
to down-grade, so to speak, the signifi-
cance of Dienbienphu. To do this it was
necessary to make it plain to Ho Chi Minh
that he will not have won the war and he
will not be master of Indo-China even if
he captures Dienbienphu; conversely it
was necessary to make It plain to the
peoples of Indo-China and of Southeast
Asia that the loss of Dienbienphu will not
mean a withdrawal and surrender which
leaves the whole area open to Communist
This down-grading, we may venture to
believe, has been accomplished. The war
cannot be lost in Dienbienphu. Indeed, it
may already be-if it is not it ought to be-
a serious question in Peking and in Moscow
whether it would not be better not to take
Dienbienphu as the Geneva conference as-
sembles. For it is now impossible for Ho
Chi Minh to crush the French will to resist,
and it is always possible as long as the
fighting rages that, something can happen to
enlarge the war.
Indeed, an enlargement of the war is very
probable if an armistice cannot be negotia-
ted at Geneva before the rainy season ends.
It should be understood in Moscow and in
Peking that against the determined oppo-
sition of the great sea and air powers of the
Atlantic world, the fate of the islands and
of the peninsulas cannot be settled finally
on the ground.
So they as well as we, both in at least the
same degree, must desire a negotiated armis-
tice. They should tell Ho Chi Minh, as we
have had to tell Syngman Rhee, that he
cannot obtain a dictated armistice. If a dic-
tated armistice was ever conceivable, it is
not conceivable now. And since that is the
way it is, they would improve immensely the
atmosphere at Geneva if a battlefield truce
were set up at Dienbienphu, and the wound-
ed were evacuated.
THE PUBLIC declarations agreeing to an
"examination of the possibility of es-
tablishing a collective defense within the
framework of the Charter of the United Na-
tions organization" have no practical bear-
ing upon the war today. They must not be
looked upon as consolation prizes given to
Mr. Dulles in lieu of the "warnings" that
got so much too much publicity before he
went abroad. The declarations have to do
with future diplomatic moves and are not
just a little bit of an original American pro-
The truth about the warning to Red
China is that the warning has already
been given, that it is and has been effect-
ive, and that to create the impression that
it is necessary to negotiate about it with
our allies can serve only to diminish its
effectiveness. When a great power like
the United States says plainly, as we said
It long ago, that we would oppose the in-
tervention of the Chinese armed forces,
it is not necessary and it is undesirable to
act as if our words were of so little con-
sequence that we have to keep repeating
them to keep them alive. The Chinese
have been warned about Indo-China, and
they can have no doubts about it.
During the period of the Dienbienphu cr-
sis, Mr. Dulles was naturally concerned to
go further and to warn the Chinese about
the scale and character of their indirect in-
tervention. These warnings, though they
were not precise, have contributed no doubt
to the larger business of down-grading the
importance of Dienbienphu.
The pacts that we are going to examine
may be of some theoretical military signifi-
cance if the war goes on after a failure at
Geneva. But strong chains are not made by
putting together many weak links, and not
too much military significance should be
attributed to such multi-lateral pacts. They
are diplomatic and not strategic instruments.
The proposed pacts should be examined
for what can be done with them to meet the
fundamental political problem in Southeast
Asia: how is there to be provided an inter-
national framework, collective and not im-
perial, within which the small, frail, poli-
litically undeveloped countries of Southeast
Asia, and particularly of French Indo-China,
can enjoy their independence? If the over-
riding centralizing authority under Ho Chi
Minh is contained and limited, the small
states of Laos, Cambodia, Cochin-China, An-
nam and Tonking will need some kind of
collective protection. They cannot hope to
Is that not plain enough to warrant an
approach to India and Pakistan for leader-
ship and for help in arranging a viable
system for these infant Asian states?
There is no pact now in existence. There-
fore there is no reason why it should be
rejected in advance. A pact has still to be
drafted. It need not become the kind of
military alliance to which Pandit Nehru
and the Indian nation are very much op-
posed. It is an American interest that it
should not become that kind of pact. For
if it were, the future would be desperate.
If the free nations of Asia would partici-
pate, a pact could be framed that was the
instrument with which the old imperial au-
thority could be withdrawn without creating
a vacuum into which the new imperialism
of China would flow.
(Copyright, 1954, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
"I goe The Russians Are As Confused As I Am"
t~i9 SLY ---
- v Kf;t A--
Shaffer and the Police ..
To the Editor:
It is ridiculous that Ed Shaffer
should complain about a "pol-
ice state" in America.
Shaffer's public political record
constitutes an apologia for and
defense of the most monstrous
police state existing today-the
Soviet Union. He has never dis-
avowed that record.
Therefore, Shaffer has no moral
right to declaim against the in-
vasion of privacy and the record-
ing of students' activities by police
But Shaffer aside, we should all
be concerned about the problem.
It is something new in America
that secret judges pass among us,
noting our thoughts and acts. The
fear to speak our minds because
some anonymous policeman, read-
ing an informant's version of our
words, may "misunderstand"-this
too is new for Americans.
It is new and it is unnecessary.
Surely this democracy can find
some way to protect itself from
its real internal enemies without
sending spies into the campus who
record our conversations. Does the
national interest demand the crea-
tion of files of gossip and irrespon-
sible reports, on the basis of which
reputations and careers may be
To whom are the informants
responsible? Where are the pro-
tections of accuracy and fair play
in this business of secret inform-
Students have the right to de-
mand assurances from the FBI
that the free process of inquiry at
this University-guaranteed by the
Constitution-is not subject to in-
spection and evaluation by the
The University administration
has the obligation to assist the
students in this demand.
There is sometimes a thin line
between legitimate police activity
and unnecessary snooping. The
use of campus informants looks a
lot like snooping
-Allan Silver, Grad.
FBI Infnort ant . .
To The Editor,
A 19 year old coed has dis-
honored herself in the eyes
of her fellow students by informing
on the man who gave a birthday
party for her and who had been
Knowing about her friend's
political views, she went for ad-
vice to Mr. Klinger, counsellor for
foreign students at I.C. Instead of
giving her the only morally ac-
ceptable advice, "if you -are in
doubt stop dating him," he en-
couraged her to become an in-
former by referring her to the
Such an attitude is a danger to
our free society. There is only a
short step from informing on one's
boyfriend to informing on one's
parents. But perhaps Mr. Klinger
would encourage that too. He has
made himself responsible for the
moral conflict in her mind which
resulted in her dropping out of
school and has made his qualifi-
cations for his position question-
It is now up to the administra-
tion to take appropiate steps.
Curt G. Shellman
803 S. State
WASHINGTON-The inside story of how the Eisenhower Admin-
istration indicted a Las Vegas publisher at the behest of Joe
McCarthy is one of the most amazing Washington has seen in a long
The real fact is that McCarthy didn't actually want the pub-
lisher prosecuted. Certain Justice Department officials pushed,
the action despite him and probably to embarrass him.
What happened was that Hank Greenspun, editor and publisher
of the Las Vegas Sun, wrote a column on January 8 that "Joe has to
come to a violent end ... live by the sword and you die by the sword!"!
Greenspun continued. "Destroy people and they in turn must des-
try you ..."
McCarthy sent a copy of this column to Postmaster General Sum- f
merfield as a move to take second-class mailing privileges from the
Las Vegas Sun. That apparently was as far as he wanted to go. Ob-
viously if he had wanted criminal' prosecution he would have sent
the column direct to the Justice Department to which he has referred
various other matters in the past.
* * * *
McCARTHY HAPPENS to be chairman -of the Senate subcommittee
for post office appropriations, thus has a powerful hold on Sum-
merfield. Once before they put their heads together to embarrass
another McCarthy critic-Henry Luce of Time, Life and Fortune--
when Summerfield furnished McCarthy under-the-table figures on
Luce's profits and McCarthy proceeded to build a fire against the
magazines' second-class mailing privileges.
Furthermore, Summerfield has been one of Joe's consistent
friends inside the cabinet and was the man who, during the elec-
tion campaign, took Joe up the service elevator of the Pere Mar-
quette Hotel in Peoria, Ill., to persuade Eisenhower to drop any
praise of General Marshall from his Milwaukee speech.
However, when Attorney General Brownell heard about McCar-
thy's complaint to the post office, he decided to examine it carefully.
And in the Greenspun column Justice Department officials found
that McCarthy was described as a "disreputable pervert."
This was a charge Greenspun had been making about McCarthy
for some time and getting away with it. McCarthy had not sued,
though copies of the newspapers containing these charges had been;
mailed all over the United States.
Brownell, therefore, took the entire column and made it a matter
of court record, with the result that it has now become privileged and
has been quoted by other publications with complete immunity. In
other words, Brownell did to McCarthy what McCarhy did to General
Marshall and others when he launched attacks on them from the
libel-proof safety of the Senate floor.
Brownell did this by indicting Greenspun on the ground that
he incited attacks on McCarthy's life. But it's significant that he
did not cite the perversion charge as grounds for criminal libel
though he could have done so. Nor did he delete this part of
the Greenspun column. He made it all a matter of court record.
NOTE-Greenspun came into the U.S.-District Court in Nevada
the other day to face charges, but neither the U.S. attorney nor the
U.S. marshal nor the judge seemed much interested. They finally told
him to come back next fall when a new judge would be appointed,
Judge Roger Foley said he wasn't going to try the case himself (he's
a friend of Greenspun's). They didn't even ask the publisher to post
/ette' TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcoies communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
(Continued from Page 1)
The room will be posted on the League
bulletin board. Refreshments will be
N.A.A.C.P. Forum presents Professor
Rosenberg and Mr. Greenblatt dis-
cussing "The Sociological and Psy-
chological Aspects of Discrimination"
at the Michigan Union tonight at 7:30
The Literary College Conference Steer-
ing Committee will hold a meeting to-
day at 4 p.m. in Dean Robertson's of-
Scabbard and Blade. Meeting- today,
1930 hours, 112 North Hall.
La p'tite causette will meet this
afternoon from 3:30 to 5 p.m. in,
the Michigan Union Cafeteria. You'd
be amazed at how quickly your French
will improve by attending this inform-
al group. Everyone welcome!
The Baha'i Student Group will meet
tonight at 1400 Granger at 8 to dis-
cuss specific questions raised by group
members in previous meetings. Every-
one is welcome.
U. of M. Chapter of American So-
ciety for Public Administration. You are
invited to attend a tea in honor of
Miss Laverne Burchfield. Miss Burch-
field is currently Secretary-Treasurer
of the American Society for Public
Administration and did her graduate
and under-graduate work at the Uni-
versity of Michigan. The time will be
4 p.m. today and the place, the Michi-
The next Social seminar of the
American Society for Public Admin-
istration will be held tonight at 7:30
p.m. in the West Conference Room of
the Rackham Building. Our speaker for
the evening will be Dr. John. D. Mil-
lett, President of Miami University at
Oxford, Ohio. His subject will be "Man-
agement: Theory and Practice." You are
cordially invited to attend.
Phi Sigma Society.' Program for
tonight to be held in the Rackham
Amphitheater, 8 p.m. Dr. Richard L.
Weaver, Department of Conservation,
School of Natural Resources, will speak
on "Developing a State Resource Use
Program." Subject will be illustrated
with colored films. Refreshments.
Open to the public.
Deutscher Verein-Kaffeestunde will
not meet today. The next meeting will
be on Monday as usual.
The International Tea, sponsored by
the International Center and the Inter-
national Students' Association, will be
held this afternoon from 4:30 to 6
o'clock, third floor, Rackham Building.
Floor show by Latin-American students.
Congregational-Disciples Guild. Thurs-
day, 5:05-5:30 p.m., Mid-week Medita-
tion in Douglas Chapel, Freshman dis-
cussion group, 7 to 8 p.m. at Guild
House; topic: "Sin."
Christian Science Organization. Tes-
timony meeting tonight at 7:30 p.m;
Fireside Room, Lane Hall. All are wel-
U. of M. sailing Club meeting at
7:45 tonight in 311 West Engineering
Building. There will be sailing and in-
struction at Base Line Lake this week-
Westminster Student Fellowship Ves-
pers, from 5:10 to 5:30, in the Student
Center Meditation Room at the Pres-
byterian Church, "Why Tell the Word
Business Education Students and
Those Interested in Becoming Business
Teachers. The coffee hour scheduled
for Thursday afternoon, April 22, has
been postponed until Tues., May 4.
Kindai Nihon Kenkyu Kai. Udon
Party. Japanese noodles, beef teriyaki,
and green tea. Lane Hall Basement, 204
S. State, 6 p.m., Sat., April 24. Every-
body welcome. Small charge for all you
can eat. Purchase tickets at the Cen-
ter for Japanese Studies Library, R-
618, Haven Hall, or at the door.
Undergraduate Botany Club will meet
at 9 a.m. Sat., April 24, on the parking
lot between Chemistry Building and
Natural Science to go to Proud Lake.
Those going please sign up at Botani-
cal gardens on 3rd floor Natural Scienc
- Wesleyan Guild. Meet in the lounge
Friday at 8 p.m. if you want to go to
Michigras with a group. Hope YOU
Episcopal Student Foundation. Tea
from 4 to 5:30 at Canterbury House,
Fri., April 23. All students invited.
Episcopal Student Foundation. Can-
terbury Club, 7:30 p.m., Fri., April 23,
at Canterbury House. Professor William
Aiston will speak on "The Christian and
Morality: Is There an Absolute Moral
The Congregational-Disciples Guild.
Graduate-Professional Group at Guild
House, Friday, 7:55" p.m. Professor Wed-
dige, "Modern Art."
At the Michigan , , e
YANKEE PASHA with Jeff Chandler and
YANKEE PASHA, an 83-minute journey
into "never-never land," is the begin-
ning of a stream of movies that Hollywood
terms "Summer film fare." This means that
one can leave his seat for a drink and not
miss too much of the plot; and exceptionally
bright twelve-year-old children will be able
to predict the story's outcome.
Roxana (Rhonda Fleming) and Jason
(Jeff Chandler) are in love in Salem of 1800.
But they cannot marry, for, alas, Roxana
is betrothed to another. Jason leaves the city,
only to learn that Roxana has called off the
marriage and left for France. He decides to
On the high seas, Roxana's ship is at-
tacked by Barbary pirates and she is taken
to Morocco to be sold as a slave. Omar-Id-
Din (Bart Roberts), aspirer to the throne,
buys the New England lass. But Roxania
will not submit to servility. Dressed in
gowns revealing her ample charms, she
bites a slave dealer, claws her guards, and
breaks assorted pottery. Omar decides to
take her foolishness with a grain of salt:
"The harder the battle, the more valuable
Jason comes to Morocco and is soon made
chief military expert of the Sultan (Lee J.
Cobb). He can shoot well and will teach the
er than the troops of the wicked Omar. The
delighted Sultan gives Jason a lovely slave
girl, Lilith (Mamie Van Doren). Lilith tells
Jason she will do "anything" for him, just
"anything." Repulsed, Jason dismisses her
to the other end of the hall with cold, Puri-
Before long Jason has a chance to battle
Omar for Roxana and manages to win his
lady love. Now for the dramatic crisis!
Lilith gets jealous. She will tell Omar that
Jason loves Roxana, and Omar will become
angry and kidnap Roxana. Then Lilith can
move to Jason's end of the hall. There fol-
lows a poignant. scene in which Lilith,
realizing her evil ways, apoligizes to Jason:
"Oh, Would that I could undo my evil and
shine in the eyes of my master." Jason
slaps her for this.
Captured by Omar, Jason and Roxana
somehow manage to escape. This section of
the film is difficult to follow, for Script
Writer Joseph Hoffman brings in the U. S.
Navy. It is all very confusing but fortunately
the Sultan's guards cannot remain awake
and Omar's troops cannot shoot very well.
In Jason's arms at last, and bound fof
Salem, Roxana sums up the situation in a
parting speech: "Strange, mysterious coun-
TH E WILL of the majority does not pre-
vail when it is merely the formal will of
a mathematical majority. It prevails when
if 1.. affainri acn iri .-4.f ,.,A .4n , ~nif ha
* * *
WHEN VICE-PRESIDENT NIXON finished his now faxious anony-
mous speech to editors, newsmen warned him:
"This speech is going to raise cain, and we want to be sure
just how we can use it."
"What do you refer to?" asked Nixon. "What I said about Syng-
"No, what you said about Indo-China," Nixon was told.
However, he still didn't understand what newsmen were driving
at until they spelled out specifically that it was his statement on the
use of troops in Indo-China.
Reason was not that Nixon was hedging or playing dumb. He
had been immersed in the. Indo-Chinese problem for several
weeks, and had discussed the possible use of U.S. troops in Indo-
China so many times in Security Council circles that he didn't
realize the impact it would make on editors and the American
Chief significance is that the use of troops, if necessary, has been
decided as a matter of definite Eisenhower policy; furthermore, was
decided some time ago.
BENSON WON'T BUDGE
WHILE PUBLIC DEBATE over rigid price supports continues on
the Senate floor, here are some of the things that have been
happening off the floor in Senate cloakrooms.
President Eisenhower has passed word through his close
friend, Sen. Frank Carlson of Kansas, that he might agree to a
one-year extension of rigid price supports. This would be an ac-
ceptable compromise to Sen. Milt Young of North Dakota, Re-
publican, and Sen. Allen Ellender of Louisiana, Democrat, the
two leaders of the farm bloc who are pushing hardest for rigid
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