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March 03, 1954 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1954-03-03

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The Paradox
Of Security
NEITHER the Communist Party, the great
ogre of national politics, nor the Ameri-
can Fascist factions, supposedly n6n-exist-
ant, was able to accomplish what three fa-
natical Puerto Rican nationalists succeeded
in doing-shaking our perpetual serenity.
For some time now hardly a day has
gone by when we have failed to hear about
the Communist menace-selling America
short and endangering our national se-
But security itself is something we seem
to have as Americana. It is ingrained in our
nature. It comes out at the least expected
Even under the most trying circumstances
(as witness the shooting down in rather
grand style of five of our legislators) we are
somehow secure.
No one on the floor of the House at first
thought the cacaphony of gunplay was any-
thing more than fireworks-fireworks with-
in the rather sombre chamber.
This thought is ludicrous in retrospect but
it was the most general reaction from those
It could not happen here-but it did-
and for a moment no one realized it. In-
ternal security considerations with all
their furor and injustices had not in ac-
tuality penetrated into the minds of these
people who formulated the legislation
against just such an occasion.
One can now question whether there is
actually any widespread fear amongst these
legislators coloring their every action as
tome would leave us to believe. If anything
these men were too secure, fighting with
the windmills of abstraction and "isms," for
lack of anything better to do.
This desire for security has bred along
with it, perhaps, an over-zealousness to pro-
tect the status quo, and the "possibilities" of
the threat of American Communism rather
than the "probabilities" of this threat have
fallen under the stringent legislation of those
in Congress as a result.
And so at times this sense of security
which is our greatest strength becomes our
greatest weakness.
No doubt most of us were somewhat
shaken when we learned of the attempted
grand assassination on Capitol Hill. It is
too early yet to have the daring exploit of
the three fanatical Puerto Ricans credited
to the International Communist movement
-although this has been suggested. But it
does open the way for speculation into the
true status of our internal security.
With all the precautions being taken
against a potential Communist revolution
here, our government as in years gone by
still remains open to direct frontal assault-
no grandiose subversion necessary. An air
of innocence still remains.
But somehow, even though the act is
frightening and inadvisable consequences
may unjustly accrue to Puerto Rican citizens
within the country, our tottering democracy
managed to gain a strange victory-a vic-
tory of security.
True, we have posted guards over our
Congress and there is talk about putting up
a bullet-proof glassing around the hall, but
until yesterday the presence of an armed
guard was not a fixture of permanence..
The paradox of our victory lay in the
ability of these three persons to attempt
and almost carry out a successful assassi-
nation and the structure of our govern-
ment which allowed it to be permitted. An
attempted mass slaying would be most
possible within the framework of a non-
police state but this act is infrequently at-
tempted because the armed guard around
our governmental personages has not yet
become a symbol-a recognition of fear.
It is hoped the guards will be lifted after
awhile and the Congress will return to nor-
malcy with the proper amount of hypocrisy.
Then, no one will be able to say these men
will forever be governed by their fears. Our

democracy may still be secure enough fcl,
-Mark Reader

International Center Status Quo

"We've Got To Avoid A Split With Him"



T HE CURRENT controversy over seating
students on the committee presently at-
tempting to choose a new director of the In-
ternational Center only seems to echo the
established fact that student opinion is not
seriously considered by the University ad-
ministration on any major policy question
whatsoever. Although this has been proved
many times in questions of Student Legisla-
ture requests, it is perhaps even more im-
portant concerning the International Cen-
ter's policy.
The Center has often been accused of
flagrant prejudice and discrimination to-
ward certain groups. The majority of for-
eign students have refused to take part
whole-heartedly in its activities and a
great many of them openly scorn the Cen-
ter. The current controversy is a far-
reaching one because many foreign stu-
dents here get to know few American stu-
dents or faculty members, and inevitably

apply their disillusionment and disgust
with the Center to the entire University
and to all of America.
When students were first named to the
committee, it seemed the administration
finally realized that the "time for a change'"
in policy had arrived. It seemed that students
would, for the first time, be allowed to pre-
sent the attitudes and opinions of foreign
students toward the Center so that the pres-
ent difficulties could be cleared away. Ap-
parently the administrators do not want the
students either to present their ideas or to
participate fully in the selection of a new
International Center director.
Without the presentation of student opin-
ion and without the active participation of
students on the committee, it would seem
impossible for the committee to correct any
of the serious difficulties in policies which
the Center has followed in the past.
-Dorothy Myers

t 1
, " f R..'

The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the



Rushing, Human Side ..'
To the Editor:


On Readting the Adts

M+FM Y+f w.


i w

"DON'T think the danger of communism
- in this country is past. Men and women
who are failures will always try to wear you
down to their level, and communism prom-
ises them the chance. They label themselves;
here's who they are:
1) politicians who promote government
ownership of the means of production.
2) those who urge us not to 'antagonize
Russia and her satellites, supporters and
friends, but to 'get along with them' (which
means giving in to them.)
3) the greedy who say 'the state' should
educate and feed them. ... Watch for them."
Thus spake Warner & Swasey Company
through an advertisement in the current
U.S. News and World Report.
The reason for an editorial? Well, it
struck this reader as a strickingly vivid ex-
ample of the trend of thought that is com-
ing into vogue in our country. This is not
an isolated example, by any means. It is
only one of the many such ads that
have become increasingly familiar in our
magazines and newspapers, ads that have
their origin in the strong and fast-grow-
ing "America First" movement.
The ad itself is shocking. Bad enough that
we are subjected to 19th century social and
economic doctrines. Worse still that at a
perilous time in world history, a time when
the danger of war is ever-preset, the Ameri-
can people are told that "getting along"
with Russia is the same as "giving in" to her.
The most disconcerting aspect of the en-
tire situation, however, is that people who
honestly and sincerely believe in 1) govern-
ment control of economy, 2) attempting to
co-exist peacefully with Russia, and 3) guar-
anteeing a minimum standard of education
and security to all, these people are all mali-
ciously labelled as communists.
The scope of this reckless indictment,
in one way or another, includes most of
the intelligent, progressive liberals in the
world. Socialists, always strongly anti-
communist, are involved because they
seek public ownership of the means of
production; Adlai Stevenson would stand
accused because he recently advocated
peaceful co-existance with the USSR; even
Winston Churchill, the Conservative lead-
er of Britain, would be rendered highly
suspect in view of the Tory Parliament's
passage of the Education Act of 1944,
which states: "Every boy and girl, regard-
less of income and social status, shall be
enabled to obtain the most complete edu-
cation warranted by his age, need, and
The type of attitude examplified by the
Warner-Swasey Ad is the harbinger of even
more dire things to come. Here, at last, we
are entering into the final stages of a fate
that liberals have warned us of for years:
the indiscriminate labelling of all who seek
to change the status quo as subversives. The

steps are clearly outlined in the ad. First,
socialists are denounced as subversives.
Then, liberals who happen to disagree with
current policy are classified as communists.
The one step remaining is the physical sup-
pression of all those who disagree with the
men in power. It is little wonder that Sam
Rayburn said recently that the threat of
fascism in this country is greater than the
threat of communism.
Lest the intent of this editorial be mis-
interpreted, let a word of explanation
enter here. I do not attempt to negate
the threat of communism; it is very real
and very dangerous. Neither do I attempt
to imply that all those who are not in fa-
vor of nationalization, peaceful co-exist-
ence, etc., are fascists. I do want to
strongly emphasize, however, the basic
fallacy and extreme hazardousness of
stigmatizing all social reforms that you do
not happen to agree with as being sub-
versive. This can lead only, as has been
repeatedly stated, to a dreary conformity.
The Warner-Swasey ad ends with a word
of generous advice: "Watch for them." And
in this, I fully agree. The American people
must forever watch for them. The "them"
are those who would deliberately stifle con-
structive criticism, the "them" who con-
sciously smear their opponents with slander-
ous innuendo. The price of liberty is constant
surveillance. Watch for them.
-Arthur Cornfeld
At the Orpheumz , . .
MARTIN LUTHER with Niall Macginnis
THE MARTIN LUTHER movie, from the
point of view of production, is one of the
best this writer has seen for many a moon.
The lead is very excellently performed by
Niall Macginnis, an actor, to my knowledge,
new on the screen. In the casting of Luther's
adversaries, however, one may perhaps note
rather lower standards. This holds for their
physiognomy as well as their lines.
The question of the historical acuracy
is, of course, of major interest. The movie
would seem to be fairly accurate in what
it includes. The early difficulties experi-
enced by Luther in regard to the forgive-
ness of sins is vividly portrayed, particular-
ly in the accurately reported although
somewhat played down difficulty he had in
his first performance of the Mass. The de-
bate with Dr. Eck at Leipzig in 1519 is ac-
curate, it being confirmed by Catholic
as well as Lutheran sources. So, too, the
important parts of Luther's answer at the
Diet of Worms are given word for word.
Whereas the description of the Catholic
Church in the early 16th Century can be dis-
puted, the general low state of conduct and
morals is, in general, affirmed by everyone.
There is the danger, however, that the movie
description might lead one to conclude that
this was the universal state of affairs and
that such had been the case over a long pe-
riod of time. Also, it would be interesting to
know how the conversation between Pope
Leo X and Joachim of Brandenburg is
known. So might the historical accuracy of
Luther's superior releasing him from his
vows and the slight reference that is made
to the Spanish Inquisition be questioned.
A notable historical omission is the
failure to mention Luther's appeal to the
German notibility made in 1520, an appeal
that has been branded by many as nakedly
nationalistic. A like omission was the fail-
ure to indicate any of the politics involved
in the Diet of Worms, particularly Charles
V's fear of ]Francis I.
The above omissions may well have been
due to the complexity of the story to be told.
Perhaps the most important omissions, al-
though the facts are hinted at in the move-
ment that Carlstadt is shown to have begun
to champion, are the historical consequences

that apparently flowed from Luther's above
mentioned difficulty in believing in the for-
giveness of sins. As a consequence, the per-
sonal tragedy of Martin Luther is hardly so
much as hinted at. But, then, to tell that
story would be another movie.
The price: fantastic-a buck-twenty.

r.ra.* s er -.



WHILE Sunday's letter dealt
adequately with the statistical
side of the current rushing con-
troversy, there are human factors
involved which are also worthy of
First, the incoming freshman is
normally confused by her new en-
vironment, and the additional de-
mands imposed by rushing only
add to this confusion. Given a
semester on campus to adjust, she
will be better qualified to choose
between dorm and sorority living.
Moreover, it is a frustrating ex-
perience for a freshman to have
to postpone her academic efforts
during this two week period. Fall
rushing exaggerates the social as-
pect of college life at the expense
of the academic, which should,
after all, be the main goal.
The freshman's required pre-
occupations with rushing invar-
iably thwart the natural tendency
to establish one's self in a "group"
within the housing unit. This pe-
riod is unique in that the new-
comers sharing a common insecur-
ity in their new environment, make
a special effort to seek friends.
If the rushee does not pledge,
she may see it as an initial 'fail-
ure.' At the beginning of her col-
lege career this may retard her
successful adjustment, since she
probably has not yet made close
friends within her dorm.
In spite of the fact that Panhel-
lenic encourages their pledges to
participate in activities with their
dorms rather than their sororities,
the domitories have suffered ac-
tivity-wise. Indirectly Panhellenic
also suffers, for such a situation
cannot help but produce criticism
of sororities in general.
Panhellenic has always sought
to maintain a congenial relation-
ship with independent women. In
view of the Assembly statement in-
dicating the effect of fall rushing
on the dormitories, continuance of
this system might weaken this re-
For the above reasons, we
strongly urge that sorority women
support a spring rushing plan as
being the fairest to the rushee,
RAIIV Al~t r

most satisfactory to the campus,
and in the long run, most benefi-
cial to the sorority system.
-Anne Christiensen
Cynthia Boyes
* * *
A Change of View...
To the Editor:
THE LACK of action on the part
of the Regents with respect to
the SL Driving Ban proposals has
me on the horns of a very uncom-
fortable dilemma.
In the past the SL has been
blasted time and again for lack of
preparation, lack of consultative
opinion, lack of deliberative dis-
cussion, and general rash pig-
headedness. Those of us who be-
lieve in the ideal of student gov-
ernment, and who are very often
dissatisfied with SL, find ourselves
in agreement with these condem-
nations when they are Justified.
Indeed, very often they serve to
make us side with the administra-
tion in their vetoes or refusals to
act; or at least our quiet acqui-
escence serves to undermine the
But here is a case in which the-
Office of Student Affairs itself
complimented the SL on its fine
work and excellent preparation.
Here is a case in which a careful,
all-campus referendum and many
months of study and analysis
paved the way for action. Here is
a case where one proposal was not
obstinately advocated; rather four
modifications were recommended.
All in all, this was one of the few
instances in which the SL acted
as the administration and a few
idealistic students have always
wanted it to act.
I was actually proud of the SL.
I am consequently ashamed of the
Regents. Their failure to act shows
a singular disrespect for the stu-
dent who petitioned his Universi-
ty for modification of an odious
restriction; and, I might add, pe-
titioned by democratic means and
through the correct channels. I
myself deeply resent this disre-
spect shown to me, and I am just
mad enough about it to go out and
push hard for an effective SL-
which I must confess I have never
really wanted to do before.
-Louis ]Kwiker



WASHINGTON-A former officer of the Italian Army was sitting
with a group of Senators when the question of Secretary Stevens'
capitulation to Senator McCarthy came up. McCarthy had been
quoted as saying: "If you want a commission in the Army I can;
fix it up for you."
"I doubt if you Americans realize what politics can do to an
army," the Italian said. "I was a young captain in the Italian4
Army when the Fascists took it over, and I know what politics did.1
"It creeps in very subtly before anyone realizes it. An inferior
officer who's a lieutenant is promoted to be a captain, simply because
he's a friend of the Fascist regime. Or again, I remember I once
ordered a lieutenant to take over a work detail and he refused. He
said he was busy making out reports on the army for the Fascist
"Some people have criticized the Italian Army for caving in
during the war," continued the former officer. "Politics was the
reason. An army doesn't fight when it's run on political lines.'?
Senator Fulbright of Arkansas, who was listening, remarked:
"I just received a telegram from a friend calling attention to the
fact that the Egyptian Army had kicked out its premier, the
Syrian Army had kicked out its president, and McCarthy had
driven a political wedge in the American Army all in the same
"It may seem farfetched to you," concluded the Italian ex-cap-
tain, "but once a political leader begins to dominate an army the
line between free government and totalitarian government becomes
very thin indeed."
JUDGING FROM current resentment against McCarthy in the
Army there should be no early danger of his taking over. However,
officers recalled last week how Maj. Gen. Cornelius Ryan, commander
of the 19th Infantry at Fort Dix had phoned Secretary of the Army
Stevens to complain that McCarthy's office had been bombarding him
to get special privileges for McCarthy's ex-aide, Gerard David Schine.
"General," replied Secretary Stevens, "this is one you've got to
handle yourself."
Officers also recalled last week that when Col. Frances Kreidel
commander of the Provost Marshal School at Camp. Gordon, Ga., had
protested against Schine's transfer to his school without sufficient
qualifications, Kreidel was suddenly transferred to Tokyo.
Under Army regulation 615-215-1, no one is admitted to the
Provost Marshall School without two years service, without attaining
the rank of corporal or higher, and without being in a class 1 or
class 2 physical condition. Schine is in class 3, has been in the
Army only four months, and is a private.
Despite this, Senator McCarthy arranged for his ex-staff
member to ride roughshod over Army regulations and transfer
from Fort Dix basic training to the Provost Marshal's school.
Regular AMY channels objected. But the transfer was ordered
by Secretary of the Army Stevens himself.
And when the commander of the Provost Marshal School objected,
he was transferred.
No wonder McCarthy boasted to friends: "If you want a com-
mission in the Army I can fix it up for you."
*+ * * x
REMARKED Senator Carl Hayden of Arizona apropos of the way
the four Republican Senators got Secretary Stevens to surrender:
"They've been watching these Communists so closely that they've
learned how to brain-wash." . . . Col. Robert R. McCormick of the
Chicago Tribune amazed Washington by publishing a front-page
editorial at the height of the Stevens-McCarthy controversy telling
McCarthy to lay off the Army. McCormick and McCarthy are old
friends and the Chicago Tribune is one of Joe's stanchest backers,
but first and last "the Colonel" is an Army man .. . It was because
Senator Langer voted with the Democrats to adjourn the Senate
rather than hold a night session that majority leader Knowland
proposed that the committee chairman no longer be picked by sen-
iority. He was aiming of course at Langer . .. Knowland seemed to
resent Langer's vote against a night session more than Langer's
investigation of Chief Justice Earl Warren . . . His colleagues say
that Senator Dirksen of Illinois who did the chief job of sweet-
talking Stevens into surrender, is such a good salesman he could
talk a hornets nest out of a tree.
SENATOR LYNDON JOHNSON of Texas has developed one of the
smoothest machines in recent Democratic history. Colleagues
agree that while it isn't always right it certainly is smooth.
It was this machine that brought defeat to the Republicans
when Democrats overrode Senator Knowland's plan to hold night
sessions on the Bricker amendment. Every Democrat was in his
seat at the right moment and voting, except for two-Symington
of Missouri, who was in Europe, and MCarran of Nevada, who
was sick.




(Continued from Page 2)


terview June men and women graduates,
Bus.. Ad, and LS&A, for positions in
merchandising, accounting, advertising
and operating departments.
Thursday, March 11:
MVetropolitan Life Insurance Co., New
York City, will visit the Bureau of Ap-
pointments an March 11 to interview
June men graduates, Bus. Ad. or LS&A,
for the company's management analyst
training program.
International Business Machines Corp.
will have a representative at the Bur-
eau on March 11 to talk with June
men with MS and PhD degrees in
math or physics for applied science
positions. The interviewer will also see
June men graduates in Bus. Ad. or
LS&A for the firm's sales training
Campbell Soup Co., Chicago, Ii., will
be on campus on March 11 to inter-
view June Bus. Ad. or LS&A men
graduates for positions in accounting,
purchasing, office management and in-
dustrial management.
Thursday and Friday, March 11 and 12:
Michigan Bell Telephone Co. will have
representatives on the campus on March
11 and 12 to interview June and Aug-
ust men graduates, Bus. Ad. or LS&A,
for the company's Executive Training
Program leading to managerial posi-
General Electric Co., Schenectady,
N.Y., will visit the campus on March 11
and 12 to interview June Bus. Ad. and
LS&A graduates for the company's Bus-
iness Training Course which trains men
primarily for future accounting and
financial management positions.
Friday, March 12:
Time, Inc., Chicago, Ill., publishers
of Time, Life, andFortune, will have
interviews at the Bureau on March 12 to
offer June women graduates positions
in business operation concerning sup-
ervision, cost analysis, statistics, train-
ing, quality control, personnel and sub-
scribercorrespondence and accounting.
Students wishing to schedule ap-
pointments for interviews with any of
the companies listed above should con-
tact the Bureau of Appointments, 3528
Administration Bldg., Ext. 371.
University Lecture, auspices of the
Department of Near Eastern Studies,
"The Abbasid Revolution-An Histori-
cal Approach," Sabatino Moscati, Pro-
fessor of Semitic Languages, University
of Rome, Wed., March 3, 4:15 p.m.,
Rackham Amphitheater.
Readings by Members of the Depart-
ment of English. Katherine Anne Por-
ter, Visiting Lecturer in English, will
read from her own works, Thurs., Mar.
4, 4:10 p.m., Rackham Lecture Hall.
Academic Notices
History 12, Lecture Group I.-Exam-
ination Fri., Mar. 5, 10 a.m. Leslie's and
Slosson's sections in 348 west Engi-
neering; Bulger's and Miller's sections
in Auditorium A.

Hall. Mr. Robert B. Zajonc, of the In-
stitute for Social Research, will speak
on "Toward a Description of Cogni-
tive Experience."
Myths, Stories, and Legends. Gods and
heroes in the westerntradition. An
examination of classical mythologies
and their remnants in use today with
a survey of other mythologies: Norse,
Persian, American. Meets on alternate
Wednesdays. Eight weeks, $8.
Instructor, John E. Bingley, Instrue-
tor in History.
Wed., Mar. 3, 7:30 p.m., 69 Business
Administration Building.
(Registration for the class may be
made in Room 4501 of the Adminis-
tration Building on State Street dur-
ing University office hours.)
The Boston Pops Tour Orchestra, Ar-
thur Fiedler, Conductor, will be heard
in the fifth and final concert of the
Extra Series sponsored by the. Univer-
sity Musical Society, Thursday evening,
Mar. 4, at 8:30, in Hill Auditorium. Ap-
pearing as soloist in the Liszt Concerto
No. 1 in E-flat for Piano and Orchestra,
will be Ruth Slenczynska. Other num-
bers in the program will include the
Entrance of the Guests from "Tann-
hauser" (wagner); Overture to "Ob-
eron" (Weber); Largo from "Xerxes"
(Handel); Suite from "Gaite Parisienne"
(Offenbach); Overture Solennelle, '1812"
(Continued on Page 6)
Sixty-Fourth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Harry Lunn..........Managing Editor
Eric Vetter.................City Editor
Virginia Voss..... .Editorial Director
Mikewolff......Associate City Editor
Alice B. Silver..Assoc. Editorial Director
Diane D. AuW erter.....Associate Editor
Helene Simon.......Associate Editor
Ivan Kaye....... ......Sports Editor
Paul Greenberg.... Assoc. Sports Editor
Marilyn Campbell.....,Women's Editor
Kathy Zeisler....Assoc. Women's Editor
Chuck Kelsey ......Chief Photographer
Business Staff
Thomas Treeger.....Business Manager
William Kaufman Advertising Manager
Harlean Hankin. . . Assoc. Business Mgr.
William Seiden......Finance Manager
Don Chisholm.....Circulation Manager
Telephone NO 23-24-1




At Lydia Mendeissohn..
Ariadne auf Naxos, by Richard Strauss;
presented by the School of Music and De-
partment of Speech; Joseph Blatt, conduc-
tor. Nafe Katter, Valentine Windt, stage
directors; Esther Pease, dance director;
Jack E. Bender, art director; Phyllis Plet-
cher, costume director.
PROF. Blatt's first departure from stan-
dard operatic fare, Strauss' Ariadne auf
Naxos, though not a contemporary work,
was nonetheless very welcome, and prob-
ably the best production musically he has
staged to date. The singing left nothing to
be desired except perhaps the professional
lustre only our best virtuoso singers are able
to give Strauss' difficult vocal lines. The
same was true of the orchestra.
Ariadne itself, though seldom performed,
is not a slight effort of Strauss, but one of
his more delightful works. If Rosenkavalier
sometimes fails in its attempts at humor
because the music gets in the way, this is
not the case with Ariadne. Originally con-
ceived as Monsieur Jourdain's promised treat
in Moliere's Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme and

Dolores Lowry as Zerbinetta, and Ruth Orr
as Ariadne. Both came off with flying col-
ors, Miss Lowry handling Zerbinetta's
lengthy and difficult coloratura aria with a
big and lovely tone, and genuine comic
acting ability. Miss Orr had a tedious
role to act, melodramatic, one of those
things where the hands are always a nuis-
ance, but her singing was undoubtedly the
finest of her local career, always under-
standing the wide dynamic range in
Strauss' melodies, and giving them a lyric
Charles Green as Bacchus. and Robert
Kerns, Harlekin, handled the solo male roles
with understanding, Kern's huge, rich bari-
tone voice joyously proclaiming itself, and
Green's tenor giving the proper romantic
flair. Paul Hickfang, Robert McGrath, and
Jack King were justly decorative and good
vocally, as were the trio of nymphs, Laura
Smith, Mary Mattfeld, and Stella Marie
Peralta. Phyllis McFarland, who sang the
composer in the Prologue, could almost be
said to have stolen the show. Her vocal lines
were similar to those of Ariadne, and she
performed them with like understanding.



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