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December 11, 1953 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1953-12-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE PRESIDENT'S
PROPO SAL
See Page 4

:YI [ e

i1t 41
Latest Deadline its the State

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CLOUDY. WALT UM

VOL. LXIV, No. 67

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN. FRIDAY. DECEMBER 11. 1953

SIX PaAGE4

I

- -

s'r'lr D&~xC

la

Ike To Hearr
Committee's,
Housing Plan
r
Propose Million
Honles Annually
WASHINGTON - (P) - Aiming
at a million new homes annually,
a new Republican housing pro-
gram was almost ready for Presi-
dent Eisenhower's consideration
yesterday.
The program, which is planned
to give more dwellings to families
of modest income, also calls for
continuance of a limited volume of
publicly subsidized housing, liber-
alization of Federal mortgage in-
surance and Government-aided
renovation of old houses.
* * .

Opera Phantoms.

.S. Envoy
Back, PO

I)e T T

Peacetime
Atom Talks
At 'U' Slated
The announcement of an inter-
national atomic energy congress
to be held next June at the Uni-
versity was made by Dean George
Granger Brown of the engineering
college yesterday at a Detroit press
conference.
Sponsored by the American In-
stitute of Chemical Engineers in
connection with the University,
the conference proposes to speed
the peacetine use of atomic en-
ergy.
* * *

THE PROGRAM was hammer
ed out by the President's 23-mem-
ber Advisory Committee on Hous
ing headed by Housing Admin-
istrator Albert M. Cole, in meet-
ings over the last 2/2 months.
Cole was mostly successful in
his efforts to obtain unanimity
among bankers, real estate men,
unfonists and others making up
the panel Butone major split
was reported, and there was talk
that builders' spokesmen might
file a dissent.
One of the recommendations, it
was understood, will call for crea-
tion of a central mortgage reserve
bank, operating with funds sub-
scribed by private lenders to buy
up Government-guaranteed and
Government - insured mortgages
from banks and other mortgage
lenders.
The committee's major goal was
to devise a program for maintain-
ing new home 'starts at or near
the million-a-year rate which the
Administration believes essential
to a prosperous economy and a
healthy building industry.
THE RECOMMENDATIONS re-
main officially confidential but
persons familiar with the delibera-
tions said they include:
1-Insurance by the Federal
H o u s i n g Administration of
mortgages running up to 40
years instead of 30 on homes in
lower price brackets. This would
reduce the monthly payments
markedly.
2-Broadening FHA's insurance
for repair and maintenance loans
so as to cover the cost of rehabili-
tating old houses. Private loans
for this purpose now are insured
up to $2,500, to be repaid within
three years. The dollar, ceiling
might be raised and maturity
lengthened to 10 years.
3-Direct Federal loans or grants
to restore and conserve old dwel-
lings in declining neighborhoods.
The idea would be to prevent
slums.
4-Equalizing mortgage insur-
ance on new and old housing by
lowering the down payment re-
quired for used houses. FHA now
accepts new home mortgages with
as little as 5 per cent down but re-
quires 20'per cent down on old
houses.

THERE really are people here,
although they may not be vis-
ible. This picture was taken at
8:30 p.m. yesterday as Opera-go-
ers flocked into the Michigan
Theater. But because the picture
was a time exposure, no-one was
in focus long enough to show up
on the film.
Elsewhere in the nation, Jerry-
Travers of Blue Point, N. Y., who
had just the opposite trouble, yes-
terday must have felt somewhat
like the frustrated Daily photogra-

--Daily-Dean Morton
pher who muttered to himself
when he developed his photo.
' Travers' television screen has a
face appearing on it when the set
is turned off, and he 'wishes it
would go away. It just stays there
with a fixed stare, however. It
showed up on the screen Wednes-
day morning and was still visible
yesterday even after the set had
been cold for hours.
A TV expert said it probably is
an image from a previous program'
that has been engraved on the

R i
I
G ;
J
L
J ±

screen through
equipment.

some fault in the

ALL FREE nations have been
invited to send representatives to
the International Nuclear Engi-
neering Congress. So far, 10 na-
tions have accepted the invitation.
The congress will give Ameri-
can researchers and foreign
R scientists a chance to exchange
ideas on the peacetime uses of
atomic energy, according to
Dean Brown.
Dean Brown, who served as en-t
gineering director for the Atomicj
Energy Commission in 1950 and isf
now treasurer of the AIChE, stat-'
ed that representatives of the De-
partment of State and the AEC
are actively cooperating with the
sponsors of the conference.
Thirty-two atomic experts fromI
abroad already have been cleared
by the state department for entry
into this country.

CITES SHAKESPEARE:
Mizener Clains Writers'
Need Liberal Outlook'
By RONA FRIEDMAN
"I he. Liberal Imagination" is the ability to see, and project your-
self into, a situation from as many aspects as possible."
This is the belief of Arthur Mizener, professor of English at
Cornell University, who spoke on campus yesterday.
* * *

LOCAL FIREMAN surveys the before the fire department was
" damage left after a three- called at 11:17 a.m.

story apartment house was com-
pletely demolished in a blaze
which raged out of control for
over two hours yesterday after-
noon. Termed "an old shell" by
Ai~fvtEh ho oe' ~s

Although about 15 people live in
the E. Ann house, only one, Lynn
Wheat, 24 years old, wat at'home
when he discovered the blaze. Af-
ter trying unsuccessfully to put
out the blaze himself, Wheat ran
}n '~hofi~o .v~ni+}mare. fn ciy mnr

* *

t

Iks Halted
No Breakup
of Parley
:Effort Seen
} Allied Prisoner
Interviews Stop
By The Associated Press
U.S. envoy Arthur Dean has been
x 'i authorized to come home from
Panmunjom, State Department
officials said in Washington last
night, but his return does not
mean a breakup of efforts to set
up a Korean peace conference.
Dean, who has been in Korea
eight weeks, is expected to return
to the United States before Christ-
mas. A deputy, Kenneth Young, is
expected to remain in Korea.
* * *
AND IN Korea yesterday, "Come
home" talks to South Korean pris-
oners converted to Communism
halted abruptly.
A Swiss neutral officer said
he understood unofficially that
the remaining prisoners had re-
fused to attend the interviews.
Indian Lt. Gen. K. S. Thimayya,
chairman of the Neutral Nations
-Daily-Dean Morton Repatriation Commission, was
about $20,000 and stid the fire ap- summoned to the explanation cen-
parently started in the basement, ter.
shooting up to the roof in a mpan-
ner of minutes. A brisk wind Delp- EARLIER this week, Dean had
ed to fan the flames. said at Panmunjom he had au-
He blamed the total destruction thority to break off the 7-week-old
on the late call the department preliminary talks with Red Chi-
received. The fi'e blazed for over na and North Korea and could wait
'four hours before it was finally "only a reasonable time."
extinguished, but most of the But he later indicated United
damage was done earlier. Nations negotiators would do "ev-
- - erything possible" to get the peace
'conference organized.
There was no indication that
e t the Allies were backing down
bo from.their stand, ho-ever, that
Russia cannot attend the peace
conference as a "neutral."
student members had never been . A State Department official said
considered representatives of their Dearm had not been ordered home
organizations. but had the authority to return
however, several study com- when he wishes for consultations
mittee members pointed out that c and further reappraisal of the sit-
a member might represent an uation from here.
organizational viewpoint in re- The'Red demand that Russia be
gard to his own group even allowed to attend the peace con-
though he was not instructed by ference as a "neutral" has proved
his group on all issues. the big stumbling block to the ne-
This question has arisen par- gotiations.
ticularly with SL, whose members * * *
on SAC occasionally bring Legis- THE COMMUNISTS have ad-
lature business before the group. mitted at one point that the talks
However, any student activity were at a standstill but refused to
may present business for SAC con- say they were ready to quit, and
sideration and have opportunity Dean declared he did not wish to
for a hearing. Thus, Dean Rea end the efforts at this time.
commented, every activity need
not have a representative since its At the start of yesterday's per-
views may always be heard. 'suasion talks in Korea, 78 South
Student membership has been Korean converts to Communism
one of SAC's most controversial still remained to be interviewed,
problems in recent years. On one in addition to the Americans
hand,. SL has asked that it have and Britons. The 250 South
the power to appoint all student Koreans previously interviewed
members, while on the other, sev- .had refused to come back from
eral groups have petitioned to seat the Reds.-
representatives.
A spokesman said the Indian
custodial force was taking a "wait
SL Com m ittee and see" attitude toward the cap-
tives

Some U.S. officers speculated
M Iay Sponsor earlier that Reds may be trying
to force a break in the interviews
+ lard D ebate before the Americans and Britons-
jare called up.
T sibia ebat n Belief persists in the Allied camp
Tnn posiily of. a debte in that some of the Americans can
Ann Arbor including Rep. Kit be pesaddto accept repatrla-
Clardy on the current Congres-tion.
lrysional investigations on Commu- .pcltc htteRd r
nism was discussed at a meeting aw uare o thana yweResantet
yesterday of SL's Sub-Committee break up the interviews was based
on Academic Freedom. on the behavior of 30 South Ko-
No official stand was taken be- j reans questioned Wednesday.
cause a quorum was not present, Although no real pressure was
'but members attending favored exerted upon them by South Ko-
such a forum. The debate would rean explainers, these prisoners
be held immediately before Clar-I tried to drag out and snarl the
dy's group began hearings in the sessions with screaming demon-
State sometime early. next year. strations and sitdowns.

bt

"BY IMAGINATION," he clarified, "I don't mean 'a la Disney,'
ut working the maximum number of ideas into understanding."
"This is what the writer must do in order to fully communi.
cate. He must be each character and go through every situation
in order to make us feel it."
Prof. Mizener cited both Mathew Arnold and Lionell Trilling

A PROPOSED exposition on Assdiantrue tinier~Harold Gauss, to the fire depar tmi
atomic energy may be held in con- the building caught fire from an help.
junction with the engineering con- unknown source about a half hour Gauss estimated
gress. Tieing in with the Univer-
sity Phoenix Project, such a dis- LIKES PRESENT METHOD-
play would be the first of its kind LIKESPRES__L'T _METHOD:
and would have an "educational
avA m :ho"'1 -nniclrf

ent to summon
d the loss at

"r A Ad

FBIl Agents

as having liberal imaginations.
"Both of their minds are not com-
placent or superficial, do not spe-
cialize and do not suffer from
provincialism," he said.

.
.
3
f
t
''
t

K teHe also used Shakespeare as
an example of liberal imag-
ination at work in an artist.
cte For Mizener explained, Shakes-
1411Vitie pepe'"'s characters ring true be-
cause of his ability to project
By BECKY CONRAD himself into his characters and
Special to The Daily i see the situation from their
DETROIT - Two govern,..ent point of view.
"surprise witnesses" rolled into Prof. Mizener felt that the his-
their second day's testimony yes- torical writer deals with the realm
terday unshaken by the defense of of the possible while the poet is
six Michigan Communists on trial concerned with the probable -
for conspiracy here. "not the way things did happen
but the way they may probably
Brought onto the scene unex- happen." Thus poetry has more
pectedly, the two undercover FBI freedom and can explore more
agents Wednesday rocked the
agens Wenesay rckedthefully though sacrificing factual
court with disclosures concerning auy h sai.c
CP activities as late as Tuesday; accuracy, he said.
The author of "The Far Side of
evening.Paradise" also spoke yesterday to'
DEFENSE ATTORNEY Ernest the English Journal Club on "Na-
Goodman yesterday cross-examin- ture and the Novel"
ed FBI undercover agent Berry
Cody as he told a jam-packed Petiion s De
court how he joined the Party 10
years ago at the "suggestion of Petitions for the Engineering
the FBI." Honor Council are due by 5 p.m.

andt som ew at com m erciai slantir I*.7
Dean Brown said. -rea .r
Set up in Yost Field House,
the proposed exhibition would Acting Dean of Students Wal-
have educational displays con- te ea esterday td
tributed by science laboratories ial group studying the Student Af-
and industries working with fairs Committee that the present
atomic energy, the Dean added. experience criteria for selecting
According to Prof. Donald L. SAC student members has provid-
Katz, chairman of the Department ed consistently well-qualified per-
of Chemical and Metallurgical En- sonnel.
gineering and program committee H
chairman for the international Howevei. ne commented that
congress, restricted information on another means of selection pos-
peacetime uses of atomic energy sibly might bring equally qualified
is now being declassified by the students who are not so burdened
Atomic Energy Commission. by duties as present members. Sev-
The announcement of the con- en students, leaders of the major
gress for international talks on
peacetime uses of atomic energy Eioinecriii Grc o p t
came at an "appropriate time" in , 7"
connection with President Eisen- Names Menmber's
hower's UN address last Tuesday
urging such talks, Dean , Brown
stated. Tha Engineering Steering Com-
He added that the congress has mittee has announced the recent
been months in planning, however, appointment of Dick Balzhiser,
'54E, David Burchfield, '56E, Rob-
Brown. Sallade ert Guise, '54E, John Moore. '57E
and Santo Ponticello, '55E, as
To Air City Plans members of the committee.

'I
F
L
r
u
i
l
..

ves /A 1- Iem

campus organizations, now have
positions on the powerful group,
SERVING as SAC chairman by
virtue of his office, Dean Rea ap-
peared before the study group to
answer questions on SAC member-
ship, functions and jurisdiction.
He outlined the "expert"
theory under which student
membership has been set up.
"I don't think it has ever been
conceived as desirable that stu-
dents represent a certain area of
the campus. but rather bring a
mature judgment to the Commit-
tee," he said.
SAC student membership has
changed over the years since thej
late 1920's when students first par-
ticipated in the group's delibera-
tions. °
Today the presidents of the Un-
ion and League, the president and
one other member of Student Leg-j
islature, the chairman of Joint
Judiciary and Women's Judiciary
Councils and the managing editor
of The Daily comprise the mem-
bership. (Should the chairman of
Joint Judic be a woman, as is pres-
ently the case, the vice-chairman,
a man, takes the SAC seat.) j
DEAN REA explained that SAC

World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Rep. Robert
W. Kean (R-NJ) predicted yes-
terday the House Ways and
Means Committee almost certainly
will reject President Eisenhower's
request to cancel a scheduled so
cial security tax increase.
GINESVILLE, Fla. - A fight-
ing mob of between 500 and 600
University of Florida students,
-was dispersed yesterday by 20
city, county and state officers
using tear gas.
The riot was started originally
by a group who attempted to
paint the concrete lion on the
Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity's
lawn.
WASHINGTON - A special ad-
visory committee told Secretary of
Commerce Weeks yesterday that
as a result of penny-pinching the
U.S. Weather Bureau must oper-
ate "on standards 20 to 40 years
{ behind the times." -
* * *
SCHENECTADY, N.Y.-An of-
ficial of the United Electrical
Workers Union (Ind.) yesterday
". 4l n

i
i
I

i
I
i
I
s
i
I
i
i
I
t

Problems the city has encoun-;
tered this year and projects for
next year will be discussed as four
journalism students interview Ann
Arbor Mayor William Brown and 1

Mlacki~nac JBridgoe
DETROIT - The Mackinac
Bridge Authority yesterday said
it has been assured of a market
for a *$99,800,000 bond issue to fi-
nance a bridge connecting Upper
and Lower Michigan.

Tuesday night he had attend-
ed a Party meeting where they
speculated who would be the
government's surprise witnesses.
Between 1945 and 1950, Cody at-
tended Communist-front schools
in Detroit with classes taught by
defendant William Allen, Commu-
nist newspaperman, on labor
movements and strike strategy.
The agent reported regularly to
the FBI from 1945 on and was
"paid automobile expenses of $15
a month to go to the meetings."
Earlier in the day, William G.s
Hundley, prosecuting attorney,
questioned Harold M. Mikkelson,
the man who led a strong-arm
squad that guarded Communist
meetings.
Mikkelson described a Schil-
ler Hall meeting in 1949 which
defendents Nat Ganley, Allan
and Philip Schatz attended.

today in Rm. 221 West Engineer- City Council president George W
ing Bldg., council members said Sallade at 7:30 p.m. tonight over
yesterday WPAG-TV.
MENTAL HOSPITALS:

Disparity of Facilities Seen in Tours

(EDItOR'S NOTE: This is the last1
of four interpretive articles dealing
with mental health facilities in the
state of Michigan.) -
By DEBRA DURCHSLAG
A tour of the three mental
health institutions covered in this
series, the Veteran's Readjustment
Center, Eloise Mental HospitalI
(Wayne County Hospital and In-
firmary) and the Neuropsychiat-
ric Institute of the University Hos-
pital, will show the disparity of
mental health facilities.

the custodial function. Eloise, al-j
though it is actually a county hos-;
pital, is representative of state hos-;
pitals in this respect.
Extension of both custodial
and intensive treatment is call-
ed for in future state mental
provisions. The Council of State
Governments was not exagger-
ating when it reported in 1950
that "the scope of the mental
health problem is so vast as al-
most to stagger the imagina-
tion."

has requested the construction of psychiatric unit to be constructed

a neuropsychiatric institute to be
located in Detroit adjacent to
Wayne University Medical School.
These are long-range plans,
but they indicate progress in
state attitudes toward mental
health.
Within the existing psychiatric
center here at the University,
there are plans to expand prerent
facilities. Treatment of mentally
ill children still remains one of the
most neglected aspects of public

here next spring.
As part of the proposed Child-
ren's Hospital, it will consist of
three 16-bed units for seriously
disturbed children and a 27-bed
department for convalescents.I
Although the measure of pro-
gress is slower in the treatment,
facilities and improvement of state
hospitals, the situation is not
hopeless. In 1950 the people of
Michigan authorized a $60,000,000
bond issue for mental hospitals.

POSSIBILITIES considered in-
eluded a panel or a debate with
Clardy opposing one of the per-
so'n's subpoenaed by the investi-
gatQrs of someone- not connected
with the hearings.

Gin?
In a money box used during
Gargoyle's campus sales Wed-
nesday, business manager Jim

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