THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1953
HIS EXPURGATED and original manu-
script of Robin Hood is designed to de-
light children of all Ages.
HOW ROBIN BECAME A COIMUNIST
One day as Robin was walking alone in
Sherwood Forest he chanced upon a bridge
spanning a creek. As he started to cross the
bridge he saw a huge man striding toward
him from the opposite side.
Now the bridge was a narrow one and
very precarious and only one man could
'pass over it at a time.
Called Robin to the approaching stranger:
"My good fellow; stop where you are, and
get off the bridge, so I may pass first."
The stranger heeded not Robin's words
and continued across the bridge saying:
"No, my friend. You wait until I cross
the bridge and then you may cross."
Neither lieing satisfied with the replies,
and now being close to one another, they
fell into a mighty battle with their staffs
and both were mightily hurt and Robin
feeling the full force of the stranger's
wrath upon his head said:
"Verily, stranger, you are a brave and
honest man, but see what evil ensues when
both of us travel by the middle of the road?"
The stranger agreed readily with Robin
and Robin said:
"Fast friend in arms, let us do battle
against one another no more. I charge you,
from this day forth, with travelling on the
right side of the road, and I for my part
herewith, will go by the left way. And so,
we ';will avoid future battle betwixt our-
The stranger smiled and agreed and in-
troduced himself as John Little, but Ro-
bin marvelling much at his size and given
to the Jest said:
"From this. day hence, you shall be called
'Little John' and if you will, you may join
my merry band of fellow travellers."
LITTLE JOHN MEETS ROBIN'S BAND
OF FELLOW TRAVELLERS
TITTLEJOHN and Robin hurried through
the forest to meet the fellow travellers.
The forest was dense and dark and Robin
told his new made friend to fear not for it
was guarded by the merry men both day
Suddenly, they came upon a clearing in
the wood and there espied a hundred men
clothed in forest green.
When the band saw Robin and the tall
stranger they gathered near the pair and
"My fine fellows," said Robin, "I bring
a new man to join our merry band. Come
one by one and meet Little John."
And each man stepped forth and clapped
the hand of Little John and bade him wel-
There came a sad faced man to John who
"I am known to all as Will Scarlet,
once a man of wealth, who because of
scarlet name was destined 'parlor pink'
Will smiled and turned away.
Next came to Little John a robust man
of massive girth and balding pate.
"I sir, -n Friar Tuck. A churchman of
yesteryear who did speak too much and so
gained reputation wide and near as a pro-
testing clergyman. The King approves not
of My company and so Will's scarlet name
has made me a red deem I.,
And many more did Little John meet of
like nature. And turning to Robin, quoth
"And why do you and your men hide in
the forest, Robin?"
ROBIN'S NEFARIOUS POLITICS
ROBIN ANSWERED not Little John's
question at first but then he spoke and
"Friend, I did not say this hence, since I
feared your thoughts. But since you are a
true fellow, I shall answer true.
"My men and I steal from the rich to
give to the poor."
Little John turned pale and said :
"Think gay Robin of what you say.
Whose doctrine do you mouth?"
"I speak for Richard the Lenin-hearted,.
my exiled King," shouted Robin.
Little John stood aghast.
"Cad," he exclaimed. "Giver to the poor!
Defender of the foreigner in exile! Sub-
verter of the government! Conspirator!
"Long live King John," shouted Little
John and approaching Robin smote him
with his staff. And Robin fell to the ground
smitten unto death.
God grant the same to all of Robin's bent.
New Books at Library
Harris, Sara-Father Divine: Holy Hus-
band: Garden City; Doubleday & Co., 1953.
Seton, Celeste Andrews-Helen Gould was
My Mother-In-Law: New York; Thomas Y.
Crowell Co., 1953.
Williams, Ben Ames-The Unconquered:
Boston; Houghton Mifflin Co., 1953. m
Baum, Vicki-The Mustard Seed: New
York; The Dial Press, 1953.
Ellison, Joseph W.-Tusitala of the South
Seas: New York; Hastings House, 1953.
Flood, Charles B.--Love is a Bridge: Bos-
fnn C mtri i . _7l~f7; n, In/
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Soviet Policy in Austria: Make
The Status Quo Palatable
/etter4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications fron its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
RabinHood .rather to indicate that relative
Ro n l d . . .permissiveness in premarital sex
To the Editor: relationships could hardly be ball-
ed contrary to "human nature."
I THOUGHT you might enjoy a Of greatest importance, how-
copy of this letter which was ever, were the panel's general con-
By WALTER LIPPMANN
BERN-In Vienna, which I visited last
week after having been to London, Par-
is and Bonn, there is much evidence to sup-j
port the view that Soviet policy in Europe
does not look forward to a settlement-
negotiated at any level-but that it is seek-
ing to relax the tensions of the cold war.
It can virtually be taken for granted that
the Soviet Union is decided not to sign an
Austrian peace treaty. For this would com-
pel it to remove its army of occupation,
and would moreover bring into force the,
terms of the satellite peace treaties. These
call for the military evacuation also of Hun-
gary and Romania. I heard on good author-
ity that M. Vishinsky told the Austrians last
year that as long as there was danger of
a general war, the Red army would not
On the other hand, having decided to
stay, the Soviet Union has gone a long
way towards making its presence unob-
trusive to the Austrian population.
The Soviet zone of Austria is about half
of the country. But, unlike Germany, there
is no partition of Austria. And since last
Aprilthe Iron Curtain has been all but re-
moved in one installment. after another.
Austria has one government for the whole
country based on a coalition of its two great
parties-both of them firmly anti-Commun-
ist and both of them Western in their in-
terests and their outlook. The elections are
free everywhere, and as a matter of fact,
the Communists who are a small and un-
important party everywhere in Austria, hai '
no more strength, perhaps less, in the So-
viet Zone than elsewhere.
In June the Soviet controls at the zonal
boundaries were removed. Anyone can now
go anywhere without special passes or pa-
pers of any kind. Mail and telephone cen-
sorship was lifted in August, the radio cen-
sorship last week. There have been conces-
sions about the occupation costs, many re-
quisitioned buildings have been turned back,
about 600 Austrians who were in the clutch-
es of the Red army have been amnestied.
Most important of all the Red Army #ias
been made as inconspicuous as possible.
There are, I was told, about 40,000 Soviet
troops in Austria. The larger part of them
are, significantly enough, living in camps
in the woods up near the Czechoslovak fron-
tier away from the centers of population.
The Soviets seem to be doing what they
can to remove the practical inconveniences
of the occupation: to give the population
a feeling of not being occupied despite
the fact that the Red army remains. Their
one important remaining control of Aus-
trian internal affairs is that they retain
a certain control over the personel of.
the Austrian police in their zone.
Though their presence is so unobtrusive,
it is of course always a danger which res-
ponsible Austrians never put out of mind.
For, given other circumstances, the Red
army might be able to engineer a coup for
the seizure of power. Moreover, the presence
of any foreign army so long after a war is
Nevertheless, there is little doubt that
the Soviet Union does not now think of
Austria, as probably it did in 1945, as one
of the states that might be won in the cold
war. Its present conduct recognizes that
Austria will not become a Soviet satellite
and that it is overwhelmingly and firmly
associated with the Western world:
A MAN WHO should know told me that
half the families in Vienna have rela-
tives living in Yugoslavia or in countries
behind the Iron Curtain. It is obvious, then,
that in order to maintain the Iron Curtain
around Czechoslovakia and Hungary, the
Red army must stay in Austria watching
the frontiers with these two satellite coun-
tries. If the frontiers were open on the Aus-
trian side to easy passage, the satellite
structure would be seriously weakened.
Soviet policy in Austria seems to me to
add considerable support to the view that
the basic policy in Europe at present is to
preserve the status quo. It would be
weakened by the evacuation of Austria
and it might well be demolished by the
unification of Germany. For that reason
the Soviet government is now unwilling
even to discuss German unification and
it will not sign an Austrian treaty.
Re-reading the Soviet note after visiting
Vienna, I am inclined to think that the cri-
tical passage in it is the sentence which fol-
lows upon the complaint about American
military bases in "a number of states of
Europe, North Africa, the Near and Middle.
.East." The critical sentence says that "the
settlement of the German problem . . . is
inseparably connected with the elimination
of the above mentioned military bases."
The European military situation may
be described as an enormous Russian sa-
lient pushed out 500 miles from the bor-
ders of the Soviet Union into the center
of the continent. This Red salient is out-
flanked by the sea and air forces of NA-
TO in the Eastern Mediterranean, the
Balkans and Turkey on the South, and on
its Northern flank from Britain and Scan-
The situation is a military deadlock. The
Soviets cannot consider withdrawing from
their salient without the extreme risk of
leaving behind them a violently hostile Eas-
tern Europe. The NATO powers cannot con-
sider withdrawing from the flanks of the
salient as long as the Red army is in the
(Copyright, 1953, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
WITH DREW PEARSON
An Open Letter
To Arthur Miller
Dear Mr. Miller:
WE ARE SORRY that you were not as
pleased with the University on your
visit here as you believed you should be.
You say that individual spirit is lacking,
and that a cloud hangs over the campus.
Perhaps you are right,
No, today's student doesn't get up on
soap boxes anymore, nor does he attend
radical lectures. It seems times have
changed and it's strange that you haven't
felt it even as far away as New York,
In 1934 President Alexander Ruthven re-
marked once amid heated campus investi-
gations: "Communist groups here on cam-
pus are small. They do not annoy us here.
I have had many interesting and sometimes
amusing experiences with them."
Another time he publicly said that he
hoped Communism was taught on campus,
"for to teach is not to advocate, and I am
opposed to advocating Communism."
Seems strange to hear words like that
these days, doesn't it Mr. Miller. President
Ruthven had to reverse himself in the for-
Today we are in the midst of a 'cloud' as
you put it, but there is no need to blame
the University for it. It seems un-American
to call it fear, but I guess that's what it is.
Not many years ago it started as a joke.
Television comedians could draw many
laughs with 'McCarthy jokes.' The same
comics have left the subject for funnier
fields these days. Investigating commit-
tees have not worked themselves out as
everybody said they would. In fact, to-
day, they are stronger than ever, and in-
vestigators are digging deeper hoping to
find some more.
You know, Mr. Miller, you must be care-
ful if your relatives read the Daily Worker.
We have a copy in our library, but nobody
reads it much anymore.
We had a panty raid on campus two years
ago, as you mentioned.
It wasn't very much and hardly in the
spirit you imply. Life magazine thought it
looked like fun and gave it some publicity.
Other campuses thought it might be fun too,
so they also tried it. That gave somebody a
new idea. You know we're all eligible for
the draft. Now, they never let us forget it.
I never really knew the army was that
bad, but after all the threats it must be
worse than Siberian salt mines. What
did they threaten you with in your day,
Our professors don't seem much inspired
these days eeither. Some of them tried to
buck Mr. McCarthy. Seemed they had pret-
ty good grounds too, right out of the bill
of rights, amendment five. They don't try
that anymore, though. It's constitutional,
but un-American. I
Some schools, like Harvard University,
have tried to go over the Senator's head,
but he's thought up something new. He's
going to try to cut off financial aid to
such leftist dens. That will teach them.
I guess we really don't have any more
spirit. But please don't shout it so loud
Mr. Miller, Some of us are ashamed.
WASHINGTON-Republican Senators and Congressmen have de-
cidedly mixed views as to whether Attorney General Brownell
was right in bringing out his spy charge at this particular time.
Publicly, no Republican Senators will be quoted. But privately, a lot
of them think Brownell's timing was bad.
"We are about to open a session of Congress when we will
need Democratic votes to put the Administration program across,"
said one staunch Eisenhower supporter. "Yet Brownell comes
along just at this time and alienates the Democrats.
"Furthermore he aligns every single Democrat behind Harry Tru-
man. Plenty of Democrats didn't like Truman," he concluded, "but
they are all behind him now."
Another Republican compared Truman's position to that of the
only other living ex-President, Herbert Hoover.
"When Hoover left office in 1933 the public didn't hear about
him for years," recalled this Senator. "He was completely out of the
limelight, didn't even come back to Washington for about eight years.
Roosevelt was smart. He ignored him.
"Today, only nine months after he left office, harry Truman
is holding the center of the stage, thanks in part to us Republi-
cans. I think Truman was woefully negligent about some of these
things Brownell is talking about. But he never was disloyal to
his country. If Brownell wanted to bring all this out, why didn't
he do it next summer, after Congress adjourns and just before
the 1954 elections?
"That's when we'll need campaign material, not now a year in
advance. By next year, people will have forgotten."
IKE'S BRIDGE PARTNER
THE FULL STORY hasn't leaked out of how President Eisenhower
nearly fired his Sunday afternoon bridge partner, Secretary of
the Air Force Harold Talbott.
The President was so sore at Talbott after he revealed plans
for storing A-bombs at Spanish bases that he decided to ask for
his resignation as soon as he could talk to Secretary of Defense
Wilson about it. Ike felt that Talbott's statement was a clear
breach of the order forbidding any member of the Administration
from making statements regarding atomic bombs without the
okay of the Atomic Energy Commission.
In fact he felt so strongly that he asked a secretary to get Char-
lie Wilson on the phone later in order to arrange for Talbott's resig-
However, other business intervened. And by the time the Presi-
dent got around to making the call he had cooled off. So instead of
firing the Secretary for Air, he told Wilson to put Talbott on notice,
and give him one more chance.
If the Secretary for Air talks out of turn again, he will be fired
on the spot-even if he is one-of the best bridge players in the cabinet
and is invited to the White House almost every Sunday.
*' * * *
QUOTH MRS. TRUMAN to friends in New York last week: "My
goodness, when Harry gets to New York it's so close to Washington
that he gets itchy feet. He just loves all this" . .. . Mrs. Truman has
now joined her husband in wanting Margaret to run for Congress
from Independence, feels it would be a vindication for the ex-Presi-
dent in the present campaign against him . . . . Mrs. Oveta Culp
Hobby, who's doing a good job as the second lady cabinet member in
history, is talked of as Governor of Texas . . . . CIO leader R. J.
Thomas, who bitterly opposed Walter Reuther's election as CIO
President in Atlantic City, reversed himself at Cleveland. Emotion-
ally, he told a CIO field staff meeting that while he'd cast 14,000
votes against Walter, "the institution means more than personal
grievances." .... Lyndon Johnson, the handsome Senator from Texas,
is already barnstorming for re-election. He has spoken in more than
180 Texas cities this summer (Lyndon calls 'em "reporting to the
people" speeches. He won by a margin of only 87 votes in 1948 and
wants a little more leeway next year.)
WHEN GENIAL George Meany was elected President of the AF of L
some labor colleagues thought he would be too soft. But last
week at a meeting in his office, Meany cracked the whip over certain
New York labor leaders and in no uncertain terms demanded a
clean-up of the New York-New Jersey waterfront.
Actually some of the big steamship lines have tacitly encour-
aged labor shakedowns, have been more guilty than labor of co-
operating with the racketeers.
But when Paul Hall of the Seafarers Union and Dave Beck off
the Teamsters stepped in to clean up the waterfront, some local New
York leaders refused to cooperate.
For instance, when Joe Heath, representing the new AFL Long-
shoremen. tried to speak in the New York Trade Council meeting,
Marty Lacey, its President glared him down. Heath couldn't get the
floor to utter a word. It so happens that Lacey, a power in Tammany
and an independent Teamster, is a friend of "Mr. Big" of the New
York waterfront-Bill McCormick.
So last week George Meany summoned Marty Lacey to Wash-
ington. With him came Tom Murray, President of the New York
sent to Mrs. T. White of the In-
diana Textbook Commission.
Congratulations on your wisdom
and insight in perceiving the dan-
gerous doctrines inherent in that
iniquitous book, Robin Hood. I
read that book while a little child
and have ever since entertained
v e r y serious and disturbing
doubts about the philosophy of
capitalism. I am certain that mil-
lions of other Americans who read
this book in childhood share with
me these disturbing thoughts
about the Aiherican economic sys-
While I am writing to you, I
would like to make the quite ser-
ious suggestion thattyou look in-
to a book titled The Holy Bible,
for it contains some very subver-
sive passages. Among other things,
it teaches that a man who has
two coats ought to give one of
them to a man who has none.
Surely, this is as vicious and
Communistic as anything which
appears in Robin Hood. At anoth-
er place, the writers of the Bible
tell us that it is "easier for a
camel to go through the eye of a
needle, than for a rich man to
enter into the kingdom of God."
If we continue to permit our
children to read books such as the
two mentioned above, surely we
will have a Communist govern-
ment in Washington within a few
short years. You are certainly to
be commended for the outstand-
ing service which you are render-
ing to the preservation of Ameri-
Congratulations again and best
wishes for continued success.
-Donald C. Steiner, Law '54
University of Michigan
Our Parents ...
To the Editor:
MUCH THAT has been said in
the recent SL controversy
seems unworthy of an adult cam-
pus. I will only mention now the
Student Legislature's - and the
student body's-apparent attitude
toward the parents of the stu-
Granted that SL's main concern
is the good of the student body,
nevertheless it must be reminded
that the students' good . is not
fostered by adopting the position
that there are no other interests
other than those of the students
which are of any import. Anything
which promotes the cheapening
of character is rather a disser-
vice. In view of the fact that many
students are either entirely or par-
tially maintained through their
colle'ge careers by their parents, it
seems grossly crass to be of so
little concern for their conven-
ience as many have publicly ex-
Further. Forall lparentsmthe
completion of college is a major
accomplishment in the life of
their son or daughter. Whether
commencement means anything
to the students or not, it does to
their parents. Unfortunately it
does seem to be an actua4 impos-
sibility for students to realize this
until theyareparents themselves.
But regardless of whether they
realize it or not, it is a matter of
great moment for parents. Their
feelings and convenience deserve
some consideration. (Probably for
many the first consideration af-
forded them in a whole four years
It has been said that it is im-
possible to work out a schedule
satisfactory to parent and student
alike. Perhaps. Then again if the
students' attitude towards their
parents were better orientated it
might not be so. For I think it
more likely that attitudes rather
than circumstances determine the
possibilities of a given situation.
* * *
Dr. Kinsey .. .
To the Editor:
LAST WEEK's Sociology Colloq-
. uium on the new Kinsey Re-
port took the form of a panel dis-
cussion with one speaker indicat-
ing the positive contributions made
by Kinsey and the other exposing
the biases evident in his work. Re-
grettably, the November 12th Daily
misquoted statements made by
both these speakers and complete-
ly omitted the panel's conclusions.
The following paragraphs are de-
signed to correct these errors and
Hamblin criticized Kinsey for
assuming that abstinence from
pre-maritalhsexual activities ser-
iously inhibits women in their
marital sexual adjustment. Ham-
clusions which were presented in
the following series of interrelat-
41. Kinsey's data contradict the
contention that petting and pre-
marital intercourse mal-condition
women for marital adjustment-
at least insofar as the majority of
those in his sample who had en-
gaged in such activities were con-
2. Conversely, Kinsey's data do
not support his apparent belief
that such premarital activities
have beneficial effects on sexual
adjustment in marriage. There-
fore, as sociologists, we question-
ed the empirical basis of Kinsey's
implied advocacy of greater pre-
marital sexual activity.
3. This means that decisions in
these areas must be based on the
individual's personal, moral, and
religious convictions. The evidence
in Kinsey's book indicates that
persons who disregard their own
convictions more often experience
regret as a result.
-Robert O. Blood
Robert L. Hamblin
Robert O. Schulze
* *a ,.
The Fifth Amendment
To the Editor:
DOES THE USE of the Fifth
Amendment imply guilt? Some
Congressmen are considering leg-
islation to the effect that wit-
nesses before investigating com-
mittees may not use the Fifth
Amendment in exchange for a
granting of immunity from fed-
I should like to make the fol-
lowing points: 1. It is a tradition
of American democratic legal pro-
cedure that a person is considered
innocent until proven guilty. The
refusal to answer questions of an
investigating committee may stem
from many reasons. In order for
the Constitution to be effective,
people must be able to use it with-
out the fear of a stigma being
placed on them. 2. Historically the
Bill of Rights was designed to
protect the citizens from the tech-
nique of unjust governmental in-
quisitions. 3. Recent Congression-
al investigations have not produc-
ed any constructive legislation
which has helped the educational
institutions of our nation. 4. An
individual's political, economic, re-
ligious, and social beliefs and af-
filiations while having a social in-
fluence are in a democratic society
a matter for his own conscience
and hence inalienably private. 5.
No extra legal means are necessary
to deal with treasonable or illegal
acts. 6. It is doubtful that the pres-
ent investigating committees are
sufficiently intellectually qualified
and experienced to aid the school
system. 7. Many people have rais-
ed the serious ques'ion of whether
such committees are not being run
for petty partisan and personal
considerations. 8. The history of
recent investigating committees
(especially McCarthy's) have in-
dicated that they have violated
the rules of democratic procedure.
9. Thee committees have gener-
ated an atmosphere loaded against
the intellectual to such an extent
that Robin Hood can be investigat-
ed by some officials for subversive
Therefore I think it honorable
to use the Fifth Amendment as
one way of opposing these Com-
mittees on principle.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Harry Lunn............Managing Editor
Eric Vetter ............. City Editor
Virginia Voss......... Editorial Director
Mike Wolff........Associate City Editor
Alice B. Silver. .Assoc. Editorial Director
Diane Decker......... Associate Editor
Helene Simon........Associate Editor
Ivan Kaye.................Sports Editor
Paul Greenberg.... Assoc. Sports Editor
Marilyn Campbell.......Women's Editor
athy Zeisler.... Assoc. Women's Editor
Don Campbell.......Head Photographer
Thomas Treeger......Business Manager
William Kaufman Advertising Manager
Harlean Hankin ... Assoc. Business Mgr.
William Seiden......Finance Manager
James Sharp..... Circulation Manager
Telephone NO 23-24-1
MR. BELVEDERE GOES TO COLLEGE
WHATEVER charm the original Belvedere
picture had has been pretty well dis-
sipated in the serializations. This picture ex-
hibits the pitiful remnants of what was once
a fairly complete and interestin-; persona'-
The college atmosphere of the rovie is a
complete fraud, full of anachronism and
cliche. The nearest approach to the rivalry
between sophomores and freshmen which
is the heart and soul of this plot is to be
found in the yellowing posters in the base-
ment of the Union, "Hark Ye Frosh-Class
of '06." The posters, at least, have something