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November 18, 1953 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1953-11-18

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PAGE FOUR

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1953

TO STUDENT LEGISLATURE:
It's Time for a Twelve-fold Change

ANYONE WHO has observed the extreme
ineffectiveness of student government
on campus this semester is drawn to only
one conclusion: Student Legislature is well
advanced into a process of decay leading to
ultimate extinction.
Four main causes of the decay stand
out. SL has allowed itself to become sub-
jugated to other campus organizations
and interest groups. The Legislature has
shackled itself to an overly-large and to-
tally unnecessary program of service to
the campus, completely losing sight of its
original'function to represent and act on
student opinion.. In many of its recent
actions the Legislature has displayed an
extreme lack of responsibility to student
interest by the course of action it has
taken and the methods it has employed.
Quality of personnel on the Legislature
From Names
To Legislation
SEN. JOSEPH McCARTHY gives the im-
pression of putting up rather than shut-
ting up.
Rising. to the bait offered in a terse and
laudable editorial appearing in the Har-
vard Crimson, the Wisconsin Senator is
now in the process, he says, of preparing
legislation to penalize financially col-
leges that retain members of their staffs
who refuse to cooperate with investigat-
ing committees.
McCarthy told a press conference that his
office workers are busily drafting a bill
that would remove tax exemptions from
foundation funds donated to colleges and
universities which employ faculty members
who have invoked the Fifth Amendment.
He goes on by continuing to equate per-
sons who invoke the Fifth Amendment with
espionage agents under the domination of a
foreign power.
Aside from the arguments advanced
against holding this over-simplified view-
point in past editorial comment on these
pages, a new aspect of the investigating
committees seems to have entered the pic-
ture.
In the past months the investigating
committees have been little concerned
with proposing legislation as a result of
their findings. McCarthy and his fol-
lowers have been content to make charges,
which had they been leveled by another
Individual in the society, would have been
considered libelous, and let things drop
at that.
The political pattern has been one of hit
and run, hit again and run again. The Har-
vard statement seems temporarily at least
to have brought this pattern to a halt.
The blundering committees not only are
beginning to find their actions more vehe-
mently opposed by organized groups, but
are beginning to realize that their political
procedures of capturing the minds of the
American public have begun to back-fire.
These committees' irresponsibilities are
finally gaining a vague recognition by the
public as being nothing more than libelous
name calling, and the public is slightly dis-
satisfied with the informative rationale be-
hind the. Congressional investigatin&P com-
mittee.
McCarthy, above all a clever politician
and sometimes appearing as somewhat of
a pouting and revengeful child, has now
turned to the second rationale of his com-
mittee-that of producing legislation.
It is apparent that financial penalization
of educational institutions is hitting the
colleges and universities of the nation at
their most vulnerable point. The motive for
legislation is not constructive but rather
one of complete and utter revenge on the
part of the Wisconsin Senator.
It appears McCarthy has been directly
challenged by the educational leaders in
the country-whom he apparently views as

un-cooperative and suspect.
Instead of proving the accusations with
which he has seen fit to pepper these
educational institutions, McCarthy now
is determined solely to get even.
Perhaps this prospective legislation will
actually be submitted to the Congress next
year as McCarthy implies. But one fact
remains outstanding: it is not in the best
interests of the nation, but only in the in-
terest of the Senator and his ever-probing
colleagues.
Time and again, it has been pointed out
that the invocation of the Fifth Amend-
ment does not "prove" the guilt of the de-
fendant. Lawyers and writers are constant-
ly trying to bang this fact into the heads
of McCarthy and the public-so far, to no
avail.
By putting the financial screws on edu.
cation, McCarthy hopes to get more co-
operation. If his proposed legislation is
presented to the Congress and passed
there is every likelihood to believe he will
succeed.
However, .s cannot be too strongly urged
that the Congress not only defeat the legis-
lation but laugh it out of the halls of the
legislature. And in the meantime, lest any
educational foundation under the threat of

has undergone constant deterioration in
the past several semesters-a trend which
culminated with the election last week
of a slate of many impossibly incompetent
candidates.
These are the charges against student
government at the University. To verify
them one needs only to examine critically
SL's record this year. A number of plans
which would help cure the situation have
become apparent. Although no absolute
solution can ever be written into consti-
tutions or by-laws, the following proposals,
if adopted, would undoubtedly help the
Legislature through its present crisis and
enable it to be more effective in the future.
1) The idea of the Student Legislature as
a service organization must be dropped. SL
is a student legislative organization design-
ed to represent and crystallize student opin-
ion on campus issues. There are dozens of
organizations on campus far more capable
of putting on dances, arranging exchange
dinners, providing typing and office serv-
ices and performing other service projects
now handled by the Legislature.
2) Popular or not, the time has come
for SL to face the question of finance
squarely and press for inclusion of a stu-
dent tax in tuition in order to meet bud-
get expenses. The tax must come to the
Legislature with no administrative strings
attached and with SL responsible only to
the student body for use of the funds. A
stable government cannot be expected to
depend on the turn of weather the night
of a dance to determine its income for the
year.
3) The Legislature should press for the
right of appointing all student representa-
tives to the Student Affairs Committee. It
should also have the right of nominatin7-
SAC's faculty members, subject to approval
by the administration. Only if SL gets the
recognition and control over student affairs
which SAC presently holds can it secure its
proper position on campus as a body able
to take effective action on student opinion.
4) One of the most effective ways in
which SL can achieve a degree of respon-
sibility to the student body is by having a
question period during every meeting at
which time any student on campus may
question any SL member as to the course
of action or inaction that member has
shown concerning any issue. Questions writ-
ten and submitted before Saturday noon
would be answered at the following Wednes-
day meeting. A special time would be al-
lowed for this in every Legislature meeting.
Selection of questions to be answered would
be at the discretion of the chair.
5) The day after Legislature elections last
week, an announcement was made of plans
to form a political party within SL for the
purpose of supporting candidates most quali-
fied to carry on the work of the Legislature.
The plan is encouraging and leads to anoth-
er proposal which is that student political
parties representing varying canpus opin-
ion on student issues be formed, complete
with platforms, for the purpose of sponsor-
ing candidates and taking responsibility for
initiating part of the legislation to be con-
sidered by SL.
8) Instances of SL's considering irres-
ponsible and uninformed legislation in
the past have not been unknown. A solu-
tion to this problem used increasingly by
state and national governments is the
open hearing of interested parties to ob-
tain expert information on the legislation
/in question. To be effective such hearings
would require that SL be empowered to
call in students, faculty members and ad-
ministration personnel to appear in com-
mittee meetings to testify with regard to
the.proposed legislation, (e.g.) fraternity
bias clauses, policy stands of the Radulo-
vich case type, driving ban bills, etc. Such
hearings would be open to the public and
would presumably increase Legislature
responsibility in a two-fold way-by pro-
viding expert background for action and.
by opening the Legislature's activities to
public scrutiny.

7) Published sporadically on a small scale
and with relatively limited circulation is
the obscure SL newsletter. As the only offi-
cial news organ of the Legislature, the news-
,+ MU
At Rackham A uditorium
UNIVERSITY WOODWIND QUINTET:
Nelson Hauenstein, Flute; Albert Luconi,
Clarinet; Lare Waldrop, Oboe; Lewis
Cooper, Bassoon; Ted Evans, Horn; with
Colette Jablonski, Romsick, Piano.
THE PROGRAM consisted of Divertisse-
ment by Gerald Hartley, Quintette by
Otto Mortenson, Petit Suite (for Oboe, Clar-
inet, and Bassoon) by Jean Rivier, Serenade
by Flemming Weis, and Sextet for Winds
and Piano by Ludwig Thuille.
Concerts by the University Woodwind
Quintet are always polished, carefully
prepared performances characterized by
excellent technique and musicianship.
Unfortunately, thev seem to be hand-

letter should be expanded and published at
least once a month. Voting records of mem-
bers and lists of every member not present
at meetings and information on all SL pro-
jects should be included in the pamphlet.
Such a program is vital if SL is to be made
responsible to the student body and if in-
dividual members are to become directly
responsible to their constituents for every
yote and action on major campus issues.
8) A more meaningful "Know Your Can-
didates" booklet must be published in the
future in place of the inexcusably useless
pamphlet distributed in recent years. On
the basis of most of the innocuous remarks
made by candidates in this fall's booklet, it
is surprising that even five per cent of the
student body felt moved to vote in all-
campus elections.
9) In place of the present mechanical
process of getting petitions signed to be-
come eligible to run for the Legislature,
a new system of rigorous requirements
for members should be initiated. A peti-
tion stating the candidates' qualifications
and past record of service with some cam-
pus organization (at least one semester)
together with letters of endorsement and
a signed petition should be necessary be-
fore a student would dare consider him-
self eligible to represent student opinion.
A slate of candidates would then be de-
termined by an SL nominating commit-
tee, governed by explicit requirements for
membership and weighing the merits of
each petition. In this way it might again
become respectable to stand for the Legis-
lature and capable students could be in-
dured to take part in student govern-
ment.
10) Instruments providing for a process
of recall and impeachment of members
should be incorporated into the SL consti-
tution. Procedure in such cases might con-
sist of drawing up a petition to be signed
by an equal number of students as votes
were necessary to gain a seat on the Legis-
lature in the last election. On the basis
of the petition, the full SL cabinet would
interview the member and rule on whether
or not the charges were valid. If the charges
were substantiated the member would be
removed from the Legislature. A member
would have the right to appeal his case to
Joint Judiciary Council if he felt unjustly
treated. Object of providing for such ac-
tion would be to avoid the accumulation of
"do-nothing" and/or irresponsible legisla-
tors who have so hampered effective ac-
tion by SL.
11) This fall the old SL Administrative
Wing was revamped, given new duties and
dubbed the Executive Wing. Potentially the
Wing is one of the most valuable arms of
the Legislature. It is the nucleus for the
creation of an entire Legislature Civil Serv-
ice branch for the purpose of providing SL
with secretarial and research service as well
as administering projects formulated by the
Legislature. To increase its effectiveness,
this new branch would have graded posi-
tions with opportunity for advancement of
those who perform their duties capably.
Heading the branch would be a senior offi-
cer appointed by the cabinet who would be
almost on a par with, but responsible to,
SL's president and cabinet. Major achieve-
ment of the service would be to place res-
ponsibility for carrying out service projects
and leave SL members free to carry on their
primary job as legislators and representa-
tives of students.
12) Finally SL must endeavor by its ac-
tions to cultivate a healthy respect for
its opinion on the part of students, fa-
culty and administration. This can be
done only by carefully considered legis-
lation and action, not by gad-fly propos-
als and fly-by-night schemes.
Many students at the University are, con-
trary to popular belief, intelligent and a
trifle cynical. Their lack of respect for
student government this year has been well
founded. Until SL can secure wholesome
respect from the entire campus, it will not
be able to serve effectively the University

community. These proposals are designed
with that end in mind.
-Gene Hartwig
Dorothy Myers
tainly something to be said for music
which attempts to be nothing more than
pleasant and witty, but four such works
heard in succession remind one of a meal
consisting only of dessert. It is regrettable
that the woodwind quintet has not more
repertoire that makes certain demands on
the listener. Some of the compositions
played were almost irritating in their
"cuteness" and banality. The instruments
were skillfully used in all this music, and
the composers 'have at least learned their
craft, even if they have not much to ex-
press.
The foregoing comments concern the first
four works played. The one which followed
the intermission, Thuille's sextet, is a some-
what different matter. A long, rather loose-
jointed composition, it is full of the cliches

AITRN [y
Of THE
U. S.

IA
4.IC

jete'" .TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

' J 'U
_
i ,
. A
..... .

.1 ' ,4aci ..
lass r*'e' w..swms ror+ Posr M.

LYL & The Rumor.* . .
To the Editor:
YESTERDAY'S Senior Editorial
took note of a "widespread
rumor" that Academic Freedom
Week, and particularly Sunday's
Student Conference, will be dom-
inated by the LYL.
Such a rumor, whoever origi-
nated it, is designed for one pur-
pose only: to destroy the Confer-
ence and to panic every student
who plays a part in Academic
Freedom Week. It deliberately
and viciously sows the suspicion
that every proposal raised will
have a hidden meaning which
serves the LYL.
This kind of rumor is designed
to facilitate the labeling of every
student who supports any type of
foreward-looking program at all
as an agent or dupe of the LYL.
The rumor will be used as a
pretext for the presence of FBI
agents and state police a the Con-
ference. They will not be there
because of the LYL; they are
coming to intimidate YOU.
Members of the LYL, of course,
will participate in Academic Free-
dom Week, and we urge every stu-
dent to take this opportunity to
join in the exchange of opinion.
We will, however,anot pack meet-
ings. We will not have bombs in
our hip pockets. We will not lead
a march on Washington to take
over the government.
We do, though, have a program
on academic freedom, which can
be summed up. in the following
points:
1. Faculty shall not be subject
to political criteria as a condition
for teaching. 2. A job or education
at this University shall not be
jeopardized because of the exer-
cise of a constitutional right, such
as the Fifth Amendment. 3. The
Lecture Committee must go. 4.
Membership lists should not be

required by the University as a
condition for recognition of or-
ganizations. 5. The University
should be censured for interfering
in Academic Freedom Week with
its demand that all resolutions be
signed. 6. Widespread internation-
al student exchange should be en-
couraged to promote international
understanding. 7. Trials under the
S m i t h A c t for "dangerous
thoughts" should be ended. 8. The
proceedings to illegaize the LYL
under the McCarran Act should
be ended.
We think this program furthers
the vital interests of every student
at the U. of M. This is our answer
to anyone who would try to make
a mystery out of our intentions,
and to use this "mystery" as a
device to sabotage the discussions
on academic freedom. Whether
you agree with our proposals or
not:
Keep your eye on the ball! Aca-
demic freedom is the issue, not
the LYL.
-Mike Sharpe, Chairman
Labor Youth League
Yishinsky's Big Star...
To the Editor:
R E: 'Letter by David R. Luce,
Michigan Daily, Tuesday, No-
vember 10. Discussing the trial of
six communists, it ended:
"The prosecutor and his assist-
ants ... are men to watch. A con-
viction will set them on their way
to fame and fortune; and they
have for their purposes that neces-
sary disregard of the implications
for democracy of putting a politi-
cal party on trial. It is not the con-
cern of ambition that the defend-
ents about when they construct
their framezup are, after. all, hu-
man beings."
Excellent point. Now tell us how
Andrei Vishinsky got his big start.
E. Sterling Sader

11

k'i

WASHINGTON-The Republican high command has decided to
re-examine its earlier strategy of popping one big expose after
another during the coming year in order to embarrass the Truman
administration and put the Democrats on the defensive.
This strategy, as reported in this column on Oct. 15,1953,
set up a timetable by which various skeletons were to be yanked
out of the Truman closet beginning about January 1. A former
Assistant Attorney General was to be indicted. Several Democrats
connected with surplus-ship deals were to be prosecuted. Various
alleged links between the Truman-Roosevelt administrations and
the Communist Party were to be revealed.
The schedule had been carefully worked out and a deal was even
arranged with Senator McCarthy by which he was to get the green
light for any of his investigations. Orders already had gone out to
government departments to cooperate with McCarthy 100 per cent.
Simultaneously, Attorney General Brownell announced that the
Justice Department could find nothing in the Senate report on Sena-
tor McCarthy's financial, transactions which merited prosecution.
Brownell also let the statute of limitations expire this month on the
Senate report alleging corruption in the Maryland senatorial cam-
paign in which McCarthy likewise figured.
The Harry Dexter White expose was to be the first big gun
to be fired in the new GOP offensive. It was moved ahead on the
schedule because some GOP leaders got panicky over the New
Jersey defeat and figured something must be done quickly and
before the California elections to divert attention from Benson,
the drought, and recent defeats.
Herbert Brownell, trained in the Dewey crime-busting school,
largely masterminded the offensive-an offensive which he worked
out in great detail, even including a telephone call to Jimmie Byrnes
in South Carolina to prime him to tell newsmen about his last-min-
ute attempt to stop Harry White's confirmation.
S* * * .-
UNEXPECTED DEVELOPMENTS
SEVERAL UNEXPECTED developments have now caused the 'GOP
high command to re-evaluate their strategy. Here are some of
them:
Development No. 1 was the sour reaction to the subpoenaing of
ex-President Truman. President Eisenhower, who joined in this re-
action, was genuinely surprised; for it was never intended that Tru-
man would be drawn into the controversy by such blunt and abrupt
tactics as the issuance of a subpoena. Mr. Eisenhower, however, was
quite familiar with the over-all strategy, most of which was threshed
out in detail inside the White House.
Unexpected Development No. 2 was the disclosure that Ike
himself had lunched with Harry White at his South England head-
quarters in August 1944 at which time the European commander
agreed with the general idea of demolishing German industry--
an idea which later led to the famed Morgenthau Plan of mak-
ing Germany an agrailian state. The President had previously
denied ever knowing White.
Unexpected Development No. 3 is the fact that Alger Hiss, now
in jail and apparently more involved in the Communist spy ring than
White, was protected by eminent Republicans, including John Foster
Dulles. Mr. Dulles, now Secretary of State, was in exactly the same
position in regard to Hiss as Mr. Truman was in regard to Harry
White. Dulles, who was chairman of the board of the Carnegie
Endowment for International Peace, condoned and approved the elec-
tion of Hiss as President of Carnegie Endowment.
* * * *
DULLES AND HISS
JUST AS TRUMAN kept White on for approximately one year in the
International Monetary Fund after receiving an unfavorable FBI
report, so Dulles continued Hiss as president of the Carnegie En-
dowment even longer, after receiving unfavorable reports on Hiss'
alleged connection with a Communist spy ring. Dulles even wrote
laudatory letters supporting Hiss and denying that he had any Com-
munist connections. On Dec. 23, 1946, Larry S. Davidow, prominent
Detroit Unitarian leader, wrote Dulles as follows:
"It has been brought to my attention that Mr. Alger Hiss
either has been chosen, or is being considered, for a position with
the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. The informa-
tion we have would indicate that Mr. Hiss has a provable Com-
munist record. The information in this regard comes to me from
reliable individuals in Washington.
"If you are interested in becoming more familiar with this situa-
tion these Washington friends of mine would be glad to arrange to
have you meet with one or more persons who know the situation and
will disclose it to you in full confidence. What I am writing you is
done with the purpose of affording you with an opportunity to be-
come familiar with the facts and thereby avoiding a situation which,
if publicized, might prove of substantial embarrassment. I shall be
glad to hear from you regarding this.
On Dec. 26, 1946, Mr. Dulles replied:
"I have your letter of December 23rd. Mr. Hiss was elected
President of the Carnegie Endowment at a meeting of the trustees
held earlier this month at the same time that I was elected chairman
of the board.
"I have heard of the renoort which you refer to. but I am

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

,I

(Continued from Page 2)
The Ullr Ski Club will meet at 7:30
p.m. tonight in the Union. The movie
"Skifully Yours" will be shown, skiers'
insurance discussed, and refreshments
served. Everyone is invited, particularly
beginners.
Israeli Dance Group. The next meet-
ing of the Israeli dance group will be
held today from 8 to 9 p.m. in the
Hillel Recreation Room. The exhibition
group will rehearse from 9 to 9:30.
Any newcomers will be welcome from
8 to 9.
The Student Players will hold a gener-
al meeting this evening at 7:30 p.m. at
the League. All members are urged to
attend.
Tryouts for the French Play are to be
held today and 'tomorrow, Nov. 18 and
19, from 3:00 to 5:15 p.m. in 408 of the
Romance Language Building. All stu-
dents with some knowledge of French,
from freshmen to graduate students, are
eligible.
The Literary college Conference
Steering Committee will hold a meet-
ing today at 4 p.m. in Dean Robert-
son's Office in Angell Hall.
American Society of Mechanical En-
gineers, Student Branch. Due to the
color-TV demonstration to be given by'
the AIEE-IRE tonight, there will be no
A.S.M.E. meeting.
The Congregational-Disciples Guild.
Discussion Group meeting at Guild
House, "The Challenge of Our Culture,"
7 p.m.
S.R.A. Executive Committee meets at
Lane Hall, 4:45 p.m.
The Russky Chorus will meet this
evening, at 7:30 p.m. in Auditorium D,
Angell Hall. All students interested in
Russian are urged to attend.
The Congregational - Disciples Guild.
Discussion group at Guild House, using
the study book "The Challenge of Our
Culture," tonight at 7 p.m.
Lutheran Student Association. Tea
and Coffee Hour wednesday afternoon
at the Center 4:00 to 5:30. Join us for
a good cup of coffee!
Coming Events
The Aeronautical Engineering Depart-
mnent of the School of Engineering is
sponsoring a seminar to be held on
Thurs., Nov. 19, at 4 p.m. in 1504 East
Engineering. Professor Robert H. Sher-
lock of Civil Engineering will speak on
"Atmospheric Sanitation." All inter-
ested are cordially invited to attend.
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre will open
at 7:30 Friday and Saturday nights,
Nov. 20 and 21, for the Department of
Speech production of the First Labora-
tory Bill of Plays for ther1953-54 season.
Included on the bill are Christopher
Fry's, A Phoenix Too Frequent; J. M.
Synge's, The Shadow of the Glen; Zona
Gale's, The Neighbors and the second
act of Smetana's opera, The Bartered
Bride, presented with the School of Mu-

wing of the north room of the Michi-
gan Union cafeteria. Ici on parle fran-
cais! Everyone is welcome.
The Congregational-Disciples Guild.
Breakfast Devotion-discussion group in
Guild House Chapel, 7 a.m. Freshman
discussion group at Guild House, 7-8
p.m.
Ukrainian Students' Club. Meeting
will be held Thurs., Nov. 19, at 7:45
p.m. iri the International Center. Talk
on "Byzantine Elements in Early
Ukrainian Culture" given by guest
speaker, Dr. Sevcenko. Guests are wel-
come.
Christian Science Organization. Tes-
timony meeting Thurs., Nov. 19, at 7:30
p.m., Fireside Room, Lane Hall. All are
welcome.
International Center Weekly Tea will
be held Thurs., Nov. 19, from 4:30 to 6
at the International Center.
Episcopal Student Foundation. Stu-
dent Breakfast following 7 a.m. service
of Holy Communion, Thurs., Nov. 19, at
Canterbury House.
Roger Williams Guild. Thursday morn-
ing, at 7 a.m. Yoke Fellowship meets in
the church Prayer Room.
mbatg
11-

Sixty-Fourth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michiganrunder the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Harry Lunn.........Managing Editor
Eric Vetter .................City Editor
Virginia Voss.......Editorial Director
Mike Wolff......Associate City Editor
Alice B. Silver. .Assoc. Editorial Director
Diane Decker........... Associate Editor
Helene Simon...........Associate Editor
Ivan Kaye.....: ...Sports Editor
Paul Greenberg. ...*Assoc. Sports Editor
Marilyn Campbell.......Women's Editor,
Kathy Zeisler.... Assoc. Women's Editor
Don Campbell.......Head Photographer
Business Staff
Thomas Treeger......Business Manager
William Kaufman Advertising Manager
Harlean Hankin.. . .Assoc. Business Mgr.
William Seiden........Finance Manager
James Sharp......Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1

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