THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1953
ONCE AGAIN a statement by Secretary of
Defense Charles E. Wilson has caused
grave concern over his conception of the
individual's status in a democratic state.
Recently, Mr. Wilson's comments have come
uncomfortably close to those made in to-
talitarian states. He has shown a complete
lack of regard for that which is essential in
a democracy-the supreme value of the in-
This time the subject was the American
POW's who "confessed" to alleged germ
warfare charges while being subjected to
extreme mental and physical torture.
Mr. Wilson said, "Even though a man
has been under tremendous pressure, it
doesn't mean he can be excused. There's
quite a lot of pressure when you ask a man
to get up out of a trench and charge with a
bayonet. The fact that he is risking his life
is not quite enough to let him off for doing
the wrong thing."
From a legal standpoint, Mr. Wilson's
statement represents a miscarriage of jus-
tice. The prisoners of war, whether guilty
of "doing the wrong thing" or not, deserve
a fair trialin accordance with the military
code of justice, not blanket condemnation
at the hands of one man who acted as a
self-appointed judge and jury.
American jurisprudence has always meant
thatthe primary function of the judiciary is
to protect the innocent. By prejudging these
men, Mr. Wilson has, in effect, prejudiced
the military judges reviewing the case, and
in so doing, perverted this ideal..
Mr. Wilson bases his opinion on the
grounds that the interests of the state
come before those of the individual. It
is Interesting to. note that both Nazi
Germany and Communist Russia used this
same argument to rationalize the aboli-
tion of personal freedoms.
It was the German philosopher Nietzsche
who expoundedthe notion that concern for
the individual is a weakness in government.
Hitler reiterated this theory when he took
control of the Reichstag, and Mr. Wilson
seemed to echo it when he said "In the past
we tended to be too weak when dealing with
individuals. From now on we will resolve
these cases in favor of the nation."
Another of Mr. Wilson's suppositions
bears looking in to. He claims that "The
issue is of great importance, in its effect
on the morale of the whole military es-
tablishment." Surely not even Mr. Wilson
Is naive or gulible enough to think that
his handling of this matter will have oth-
er than an adverse effect on military mor-
ale. In any sphere of life, an, assurance
that you will be dealt with fairly is es-
sential to good morale.
It is unfortunate that our Secretary of
Defense has become an exponent of the to-
talitarian concept that weakness in govern-
ment is synonomous with a regard for in-
dividual rights. We have a right to expect
more dignity, restraint, and competence
from a man in this office than Mr. Wilson
has shown so far.
At Hill Auditorium ...
Andre Marchal, Organist
NDRE MARCHAL, the blind French or-
ganist who played Thusday night, is a
performer of rare musicianship and sensitiv-
ity. He played with perhaps the most won-
derfully delicate sense of dynamics I have
ever heard, and his choice of registration was
always tasteful and imaginative. There were
understandable inaccuracies in his playing,
and his rhythms seemed unsteady at times.
But to complain unduly about such defects
would be to ignore the music for the notes.
One of the commendable features of the
program was the sample of the great
wealth of pre-Bach organ music which it
contained. Such works as the Variations
by Sweelinck, the Prelude by Purcell, the
Canzona by A. Gabrieli, with its wonder-
ful contrapuntal writing, and the Buxte-
hude Prelude and Fugue are all by men of
great genius and individuality. There is no
reason why this music shouldnot be played
more often by more performers. While
carefully avoiding exaggeration of any
sort, Mr. Marchal played these composi-
tions as vital, absorbing music, not as.mu-
seum pieces. Two Bach works, a chorale
prelude and the sixth Trio-Sonata, fol-
lowed. The first movement of the sonata
was particularly enjoyable. The slow
movement seemed to indicate that the or-
gan needs tuning.
The program continued with French mu-
sic. There were works by Saint-Saens, Tour-
nenire, Langlais, Litaize, and Vierne. What
seemed striking about this music was the
delightfully unpretentious quality that per-
vaded most of it. After all, the organ need not
always sound lugubrious. It is also capable
of being charming, as Mr. Marchal aptly
derhonstrated. The performer concluded the
recital with an imnessive Ytemnorvization
MATTER OF FACT:
The Hospitable Moroccan Battalion--
Symbol of the War in Indo-China
"Quiet - We're Exoreizing Ghosts"
Iette-J TO THE EDITOR
7' The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
By JOSEPH ALSOP
TONKIN, Indo-China-In the little plane
flying up to the front through the pear-
ly light of the early morning, the tough, in-
telligent French general explained the oper-
ational plan. It all sounded simple enough,
with the map there on the general's knee.
Three weeks ago, the French had seized
Lai Cac, a vital crossroads on the vital
route by which the Viet Minh high com-
mand sends supplies from China to the
two Communist divisions to the south of
the Tonkin Delta. One enemy division
had retreated beyond reach. The other,
the 320th, had stood and fought. Suc-
cessive French attacks to the west and
the south had already badly mauled two
regiments of this 320th Division. Now
there. was a final drive northwards,
against the third regiment's position at
the town of Phu Nho Quan, which is also.
a Viet Minh provincial capital.
A dawn that same morning, Major Proud-
hom had started down the road to Phu Nho
Quan with his war-toughened battalion of
,Moroccan Tirailleurs. They were the point
battalion of the northward attack to the
provincial capital. At a bridge across the
meandering Sang Long River, they had met
the first resistance, and there had been a
sharp fire fight and half a dozen casualties
before the enemy fled.
* Now, as the General's jeep arrived at the
front, the battalion's leading company was
jus advancing towards the first of the chain
of little villages that form the suburbs of
Phu Nho Quan. Th men were creeping
through the rice paddies. with the tanks
rumbling down the road ahead. The village
looked less like a village than a disorderly
thicket of bamboo, palms, papayas and rag-
ged leaved banana trees. What was inside
the village, none could tell. Then the firing
suddenly started when the forward elements
were only forty yards from the village's lush
The enemy was perfectly invisible, but
the effect of the firing was not. A few
of the men in the rice paddies made the
sudden, convulsive gestures of the wound-
ed. The stretcher bearers ran out to bring
them in while the fight continued angrily.
The advance halted, and Major Proudhom,
whipcord lean, tanned almost to the color
of his Moroccans, perfectly calm in the
rattle and crash of the fii-ing, quietly gave
his orders. Two of his companies, lium-
beringly led by half a dozen tanks, moved
out across the paddies to the left in a
The snick of the rifle bullets, the chatter
of the Viet Minh burp guns continued while
Proudhom explained his dispositions to the
General, begging him at intervals to take
better cover-for the general is a very tall
man, and he made a fine target. But as
the jeep bore the general away again, the
enemy fire was already dying down. Seeing
the flanking movement, the Communist sol-
diers in the village had begun to melt in-
visibly toward the rear.
It was here that I became the temporary
guest of Major Proudhom's Moroccan bat-
tallion, a singularly tough and genial outfit
who did not permit mere war to interfei
with hospitality. It was very unlike, yet
also very like joining a good outfit in Korea.
The grinning, coffee-colored Moroccan sol-
diers: the strange mixture of languages, for
the French officers spoke Arabic to their
troops; the wine and water in the canteens
that were generously proffered; the almost
total absence of transport, except by grin-
ning, war hardened Viet Namese coolies-
these were novel elements indeed.
Yet this Moroccan battalion had the
same appearance of disorderly order, of
somewhat battered efficiency, of simple
human durability and business-like com-
bativeness, that always characterized a
first class outfit that has be'en through a
lot of fighting and come out on the other
side with its spirit unimpaired and its
methods perfected. The human atmos-
phere was wonderfully reminiscent. Even
the landscape, with the valley of - flat,
green golden paddies narrowly enclosed by
dark, fantastic hills was almost a Korean
landscape. In these respects, it might have
been the march with the marines to Seoul
all over again.
"Paris, Paris, Golfe Soleil demande Paris.
Paris, Paris, repondez Paris, avez vous com-
Major Proudhom's radioman, a red haired
boy who gnawed sugar cane in the intervals
of more serious work, was having the usual
difficulty keeping in touch with Paris com-
pany. Paris answered at last that the flank-
ing movement had reached its first ob-
jective, another collection of mud huts and
banana trees a mile or so to the left. The
advance was resumed, the company com-
manders shouting to their men to follow, the
men rising from the sunny roadside, and
going forward in quick-step, the elements in
the paddies on either side squelching their
A couple of miles to the rear, where a
Foreign Legion battalion and another Mor-
occan battalion were guarding the road
where the hills all but cut the valley in half,
there was a faint sound of firing. Major
Proudhom grinned. "It's always like that,"
he said, "the enemy in front, on both sides
and in the rear too. That's our war here."
* * *
W E PUSHED onwards, into the first vil-
lage, then into the second and finally
into the center of Phu Nho Quan, searching
the ruined mud houses and battered brick
temples, poking rifles into the dug outs for
hidden Viet Minh troops, always watching
out for the mines and the grenade-hung
traps that the engineers quickly attended to.
There was a spoor of blood here and there
along the road, showing that the enemy had
suffered some casualties. In one deep dug-
out an ancient crome was found crouching
with her few rags of possessions. One of
the tanks, by a superb shot, neatly removed
the two Viet Minh observers who had been
watching the advance from a crag across
the river to the right.
But there were no more enemy troops
to be found, except in the late afternoon
when one of the flanking companies took
four prisoners and captured some arms,
including a brand new Chinese light ma-
chine gun. These were the volunteers
that the Communists often leave in hid-
ing, to make trouble in newly captured
positions after dark. Proudliom's radio-
man clasped his hands like a kid being
given candy when the news came in. The
Major hardly seemed to notice, for he was
busy-ordering the dispositions for the
While the Moroccans plunged into the
controlled tumult of encampment and pro-
visioning, a battalion of one of the crack
regiments of French parachutists came up
behind, and prepared to cross the river that
bisects the Phu Nho Quan knot of settle-
ments. Day was already darkening into-dusk
as they pushed down to the water's edge
with their portable boats. But there was a
hail of fire from the other bank, where the
enemy had dug in again. It was too late for
the parachutists to do the double job of
fighting their way across and preparing a
defensive perimeter on the other side. Or-
ders from the rear stopped the parachutists
advance, and so we were a comfortably
strong force on our bank that night.
Fires in the gloaming (for these French
forces are not strict about lights after dark)
produced a better supper than the American
army enjoys, and there was rough red wine
to wash it down. In the command post of
the Moroccan battalion, a kind of peace
reigned, despite the constant shelling by
our artillery intended, as Proudhom cheer-
fully remarked, "to keep tapping the ene-
my on the snout, so he won't put his head
There was battalion gossip, about news
from home, about promotions of former
officers, about such episodes of the bat-
talions past as "the night of Nasan" last
year, when the company of Lieut. Gaston
held off two enemy battalions, and there
were 3,000 dead Viets around the whole
Nasan perimeter next morning. Then,
after gossip, came the night.
The night in the command post was quiet
enough although the artillery continued its
work. Once there was a mortar shell's fam-
iliar whistle and tremendous crash a little
distance off, but this was the enemy's only
effort. When day came, in a golden dawn-
haze, with French fighter planes zooming
down in quick succession overhead, the
parachutists paddled across the river-a
marvellous scene like a picture of our own
Indian warfare. But again the enemy had
melted away to avoid combat.
Then the news arrived of the previous
days happenings in the rear, of which, as
usual in these circumstances, we had
known nothing at all. The officer who
brought the word was bubbling with en-
thusiasm. There had been a heavy skir-
mish. The enemy had come down from
the hills in strong force, and had charged
to within ten yards of the command post.
There was hand-to-hand fighting and
350 Communist dead had been left behind.
"You really missed something," said the
officer cheerfully. "And if those types
there had fought damn well you would
have been nicely cut off."
But my Moroccan hosts were too busy im-
proving their entrenchments and doing their
laundry to bother about that sort of thing.
They were not to move forward again that
day, as the major remarked happily, it was
their first day of repose in more than two
weeks of fighting.
(Copyright, 1953, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
SAC Rule .. .
To the Editor:
I CAN ONLY hope that the re-
cent Student Affairs Commit-
tee regulations governing the con-
duct of the coming convention on
academic freedom will provoke a
spirited reaction, and a lusty de-
fense of student and teacher rights
come convention time. It would
not be the first time restrictive
regulations have roused man's ire
to fight in the teeth of them. But
I do not see why the SAC should
be content to promote the cause
of progress in this devious fashion.
There is a straighter road, and
there still remains an opportunity
for the SAC to set foot upon it.
If the University administra-
tion is losing sleep for fear of in-
adequate "student responsibility,"
let it officially declare its non-in-
volvement in the whole show. Let
it go on record that the comning
events are strictly student doings;
dreamt, planned, executed by the
students. Let it proclaim that con-
siderations of free speech, obligate
it to allow students to speak and
vote as they please, and that the
university will mete out neither
praise nor punishment to the par-
ticipants. For, indeed, that is not
its moral right. In short, let it be
The SAC regulations are not
neutral. They are obviously coer-
cive, though the motives from
which they germinate, for all I
know, may be of the highest. To
me, the only correct course is to
let this convention make its own
rules. All who wish not to partici-
pate are unhindered: the SAC has
laid no strictures on them to at-
tend, though they might make
their views more effective if they
did so. But they cannot fairly ex-
pect to hold their political cakes
and swallow them too.
What men do they can undo,
withhard work. There is still time,
WITH DREW PEARSON
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WASHINGTON-Looking through my files for more light on the
Harry Dexter White case I ran across this column published Feb.
"Secret revelations are stirring in Canada. They will make people
hold their hats and run for the diplomatic storm-cellars. The biggest
story of espionage and intrigue since the war is about to break ..-.
The Canadians have taken over a Russian agent, who has given the
names of about 1,700 other Russian agents; also has put the finger
on certain officials inside the American and Canadiangovernments
cooperating with the Soviet . . . . Photostats showing payments to
U.S. and Canadian officials have even come to light.
The State Department is anxious not to disrupt relations
with Russia. One Russian agent named Shimishenko was negotia-
ting for the purchase of the blueprints of an American jet-pro-
pelled, plane. The Justice Department proposed arresting him,
but the State Department said no. Shimishenko sailed with his
wife and child Jan. 6. He did not get the blueprints."
It was a few months before this that I warned Fred Vinson, then
Secretary of the Treasury, that White might be a dangerous person
to have on the Treasury staff. Later, at about the time of the Cana-
dian spy-ring expose, referred to above, I gave similar information
about Alger Hiss to the assistant to Jimmie Byrnes.
In fairness, it should be noted that the information about White
at that time was by no means conclusive. The FBI reports were not
"evaluated." They merely stated that an informant had stated that
White was associated with a Communist group, though not a Com-
munist himself. The FBI report did not state the name of the in-
MARYLAND SPY RING
ANOTHER EXCERPT from a Washington Merry-Go-Round column,
dated Sept. 7, 1947, may be significant. It reads:
"Here is how the Soviet spy ring operated almost under the
nose of the White House. One Treasury official, formerly with
the Agriculture Department, had a photo laboratory in Silver
Spring, Md., on the outskirts of Washington. He worked in the
Treasury's procurement division, which deals with the purchase
of supplies. Two War Department officials-one a major in the
Air Corps-who were attached to the Treasury to advise on the
purchase of aviation materiel, took blueprints and confidential
Army plans out of the Treasury and War Departments to a
friend's laboratory, where they were photographed.
"Then the photographs .... were turned over to a Soviet agent
who carried them to New York and gave them to the head of Russia's
top secret police, the NKVD. This took place while the war was in
"Although the officials involved held minor positions, two of
them handled important aviation secrets and one was an expert in
pushing B-29 production.
"Army officers, when questioned, admitted privately that they had
known for some time that the Russians had been able to build B-29's.
In fact, U.S. intelligence reports indicate that several B-29's were
finished by the Russians some time ago.
"Rumors have been rampant in Washington that the New York
grand jury was probing certain high ex-officials, especially in the
Treasury Department and the office of strategic services.
".. ..In telling about the Canadian spy ring, Gouzenko men-
tioned the names of one or two Americans. Although never pub-
lished, their names were promptly sent to the White Houes by
Prime Minister Mackenzie King.
"This, however, proved only a distant clue, and the main job of
ferreting out a long chain of complicated evidence was carried on
by J. Edgar Hoover's FBI, largely as a result of a new witness."
* *. * *
LONG FBI PROBE
THE NEW WITNESS referred to was Elizabeth Bentley. The Grand
jury referred to was that which failed to indict White. The FBI
probe referred to has recently been described by the Newark News
as an investigation by 500 agents which in the end gaveup the opera-
tion without conclusive results.
During this period, according to Arthur Sylvester of the
News, "no move was made against White or any other suspect. In
line with usual practice, the FBI did not want to arouse the sus-
picions of persons on whom it was checking." This conforms with
what J. Edgar Hoover told me in early 1946 that he was against
having White prosecuted until he had time to track down anyone
who might be working with him.
The above story was published three years before the pumpkin
paper expose by Vice-President Nixon, then a Congressman; also
three years before Senator McCarthy began Communist-hunting.
I recall this only because it seems a bit late for Attorney-General
Brownell and certain Republicans to be whipping up such a lather at
this late date.
The Republicans controlled Congress from 1946 to 1948 during
which they operated investigating committees with ample power to
subpoena Justice Department records. The two stories quoted above
were widely published. Other facts regarding Harry White had been
bandied about Washington for some time. It would have been easy
to track them down without waiting all these vears.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 255
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (before
11 a.m. on Saturday).
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1953
VOL. LXIV, No. 47
Retraction. Change in Student Ad-
dresses. All students should report to
their school office to report any change
of address. (Notice that students should
report to 1513 Administration was in
Women students are expected to pay
the second half of their League House
bills by Nov. 16.
Doctoral Candidates who expect to
receive degrees in Feb. 1954, must have
the bound copies of their dissertations
in the office of the Graduate School by
Fri., Dec. 18. The report of the doc-
toral committee on the final oral ex-
amination must be filed with the Re-
corder of the Graduate School not
later than Mon., Jan. 11.
The Membership Committee of the
International Students Association an-
nounces that any organization dedicat-
ed to promote better international un-
derstanding may be presented in the
I.S.A. House of Representatives. Peti-
tions for representation should be sent
to: Membership Committee.ILS.A., P.O.
Box 2096, Ann Arbor, before November
Combined Glee Club Concert. Tickets
for the combined concert of the Ohio
State and University of Michigan Glee
Clubs on Sat., Nov. 21, at 8:30 p.m.,
may be purchased at the box office of
Hill Auditorium daily from 10 a.m.
until 5 p.m. On Sat., Nov. 21, the box
office will be open from 10 a.m. until
The Following Men's Residence Groups
are authorized to entertain women
guests during broadcasts of the Mich-
igan-MSC game on Nov. 14, 1953, from
1 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Alpha Kappa Kappa
Sigma Alpha Epsilon
Sigma Alpha Mu
Physics Lecturer. The University of
Malaya, Singapore, is seeking a lecturer
in physics. Ample opportunity will be
given for research. Salary is extremely
good. Those persons interested please'
contact the University Bureau of Ap-
pointments for further information,
3-1511, Ext. 2614.
Doctoral Examination for Myrtle
Soles, Classical Studies: Greek and Lt-
in; thesis: "Studies in Colloquial Lan-
guage in the Poems of Catullus," Sat.,
Nov. 14, 2009 Angell Hal, at 9 am.,
Chairman, F. O. Copley.
Doctoral Examination for Robert
Samuel I ancaster, Political Science;
thesis: "The Jurisprudence and Polit-
ical Thought of Learned Hand," Sat.,
Nov. 14, East Council Room, °Rackham
Building, at 9:30 a.m. Chairman, J. E.
Doctoral Examination for Earl Wil-
lard Smith, English; thesis: "Audio-
Visual Methods in the Teaching of
Literature in the High School," Sat.,
Nov. 14, East Council Room, Rackham
Building, at 1:30 p.m. Chairman, C. D.
Geometry Seminar, Mon., Nov. 16, at
7 p.m. in 3001 Angell Hall. Dr. J. B.
wright will continue his talk on "2-
dimensional Quasi-Projective Geome-
The Mathematics Orientation Semi-
nar will meet Mon., Nov. 16, at 3 p.m.
in 3001 Angell Hall. Mr. James Brooks
will speak on "Some Objections to the
State game. Dress casual, and there
will be refreshments.
Hillel Foundation Activities for the
Sat.-9 a.m.-Community Services;
2 p.n.-Listening Party for Mich.-MSO
Osias Zwerdling; 5 p.m.-Hillel Chorus;
6 p.m.-Supper Club; 7:30-Bridge Par-
ty; 8 p.m.-Business meeting of mar-
Square Dance. All students, faculty,
and administration invited. No admis-
sion charge. Sponsored by S.R.A., Lane
Hall, 8-12 p.m.
The University of Michigan Law
School presents the seventh in its ser-
ies of Thomas M. Cooley Lectures. Fred-
erick Henry Lawson, Professor of Com-
.parative Law at the University of Ox
ford, will speak on the general topic
"A Common Lawyer Looks at the Civil
Law." These lectures will be presented
November 16 to 20, at 4:15 p.m., Hutch-
ins Hall, Room 120.
Mon., Nov.o6-"The Historical Back-
Tues., Nov. 17-"The Form and
Sources of the Civil Law"
Wed., Nov. 18-"The Contribution of
Thurs., Nov. 19-"The Advance Be.
yond Roman Law"
Fri., Nov. 20-"Non-Roman Elementa
in the Civil Law"
These lectures are open to the publie,
free of charge.
The Economics Club will meet on
Mon.,. Nov. 16, 8 p.m., Rackham Am-
phitheater. Gottfried Haberler, Profes-
sor of Economics at Harvard, will speak
on "Some Reflections on the Current
Future of Business Cycle Theory." All
staff members and students in Eco-
nomics and Business Administration
are urged to attend.
Chartered Bus to Detroit Opera. Bus
for "Don Giovanni" leaves the east
(League) side of Hill Auditorium at
6:15 p.m., Sunday evening, Nov. 15.
The Graduate Outing Club meets at
2 p.m. Sunday at the rear of the Rack-
ham Building. There will be a hike in
the country followed by supper in the
Rackham Building. Those who have
cars are urged to bring them to help,
with transportation. Newcomers wel-
CURREt tLNT7 mOvIES
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Harry Lunn............Managing Editor
Eric Vetter..............City Editor
Virginia Voss..........Editorial Director
Mike Wolff.......Associate City Editor
Alice B. Silver..Assoc. Editorial Director
Diane Decker.,........ Associate Editor
Helene Simon........Associate Editor
Ivan Kaye.................Sports Editor
Paul Greenberg....Assoc. Sports Editor
Marilyn Campbell.......Women's Editor
Kathy Zeisler....Assoc. Women's Editor
Don Campbell.......Head Photographer
Thomas Treeger...,..Business Manager
William Kaufman Advertising Manager
Harlean Hankin.... Assoc. Business Mgr.
William Seiden....... Finance Manager
James Sharp. Circulation Manager
At the Orphewrn . .
THE CHEAT with Simone Signoret
THIS MOVIE seems to be a Frenchman's
idea of an American's idea of a French
movie. In other words, it's less a movie than
purports to be a movie: it's really an edu-
cation-in international misunderstanding,
Skillfully, painstakingly, isolated through
the device of double vision is the cheap prag-
matism which riddles the movie's charac-
ters, characters who are caught in the ra-