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October 14, 1953 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1953-10-14

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PAGE FOUR
University S
By VIRGINIA VOSS
Daily Editorial Director
and ALICE B. SILVER
Associate Editorial Director
The Background . ..
THE SEVERAL resolutions extending fac-
ulty safeguards against dismissal which
the University Senate adopted Monday rep-
resents a concrete formulation of faculty
members' concern over their precarious
status as educators-a concern which has
grown constructively on campus since last
spring.
Basically, of course, the imminence of
Congressional investigations of education
is and has been the prompting force be-
hind this concern and action taken to
make it public. It was announced last year
that a subcommittee of Rep. Velde's House
Un-American Activities Committee was
planning an investigative trip to Michigan
this fall and latest reports indicate that
Detroit hearings will begin Nov. 30.
The evolution of a united faculty opinion
on current threats to the teaching profes-
sion and actions which should be taken to
safeguard that profession began publicly last
March. The issue was a lengthy, compre-
hensive resolution by the Association of
American Universities on the rights and
responsibilities of universities and their fac-
ulties. While the faculty took no concerted,
stand on the resolution, several professors
took issue with two of the AAU's conclu-
sions. They were 1) that "invocation of the
Fifth Amendment places upon a professor a
heavy burden of proof of his fitness to hold
a teaching position and lays upon his uni-
versity an obligation to reexamine his qual-
ifications for membership in its society" and
2) that "membership (in the Communist
Party) extinguishes the right to a univer-
sity position."
Two months later, the University Sen-
ate met to consider the AAU statement,
which had been given unqualified admin-
istration endorsement. In the midst of the
consideration-which never got beyond the
discussion stage-another resolution on
the specific topic of legislative investiga-
tions was spontaneously introduced.
Resolution No. 2-backed by the American
Association of University Professors-won
strong endorsement from the Senate. Avoid-
ing specific judgment on the two most con-
tested issues of the AAU provision, the less
comprehensive AAUP stand expressed more
of an attitude than a policy.
The AAUP, it said, "does not question the
power of Congress to conduct investigations
for the purpose of securing factual informa-
tion as a basis for legislation, but reaffirms
'and reasserts the basic principle of Amei-'
can constitutional law that the function of
the legislative branch of the Government is
the enactment of legislation and not the
prosecution of individuals ... Legislative in-
vestigations which are in fact trials of in-
dividuals, based on thoughts and opinions,
or on personal relationships, encroach upon
and discourage freedom of thought, of in-
quiry, and of expression. Such investigations
are, therefore, contrary to basic principles
of our constitutional system and inimical
to the welfare of the nation."
The significance of the May Senate
meeting during which the AAUP resolu-
tion was backed lay not so much in the
specific endorsement action as in the
Senate's failure to support the more re-
strictive AAU stand. And even more im-
portant than the adoption of one resolu-
tion and the passing over of another was
the Senate's decision to set up a special

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

WE~DNESDAY, OCTIOBER( 14, 195,3

Mow"

enate & Faculty Safeguards

study committee to determine the ade-
quacy of existing procedures safeguarding
faculty members recommended for dis-
missal. Sentiment at the time was that
such procedures, particularly as they were
embodied in the Regents by-laws, were in-
adequate on at least one count.
Thus the Senate has followed through its
concern with the challenged status of fac-
ulty freedom, has adopted a relatively unit-
ed "attitude" on the matter and has at-
tempted to make local safeguards compat-
ible with this attitude.
* * * *
A Comnmentary.
RESOLUTIONS approved Monday by the
University Senate to extend present
safeguards of professors cited for dismissal
will, if approved by the Regents, constitute
a definite improvement over the current
set-up. The resolutions, however, are not
without their drawbacks.
Under present Regents by-law 5.10, guar-
antees of hearings are assured only if action
for dismissal is initiated at the department,
school or college level.
The Senate has incorporated the fol-
lowing provisions into a proposed by-law
addition:
1. The President of the University may
initiate action "if he feels the good name
of the University is jeopardized."
2. The number of faculty hearings are
reduced to one instead of two in cases in-
itiated at the University level.
3. The period of time allowed a faculty
member in such cases to request a hearing
may be reduced to not less than five days
instead of 20, as in by-law 5.10.
4. A special hearing committee of at least
five members may be appointed by the Sen-
ate Advisory Committee.
The positive aspect of the proposed by-law
lies in the introduction of a provision for
hearings if the University initiates action for
dismissal.
This addition is certainly a big step in
the right direction but several weak points
in the resolution should be recognized.
As regards the first provision, there is
little doube that the president of the Uni-
versity has the prerogative of initiating
dismissal procedures against a famulty mem-
ber. However, we must take issue with the
.phrase "if he feels the good name of the
University is jeopardized."
There is a question of values involved here.
The "good name" of the University is plac-
ed over and above the actual performance,
reputation and character of the faculty
member involved. While it is necessary to
recognize that public criticism will be di-
rected at the University if an alleged Com-
munist or "subversive" faculty member is
retained, we must ask whether public pres-
sure should be the major motive for init-
lating dismissal action. Perhaps a more
eluitable wording of this phrase would have
been-"The President of the University may
initiate action ... if he feels that the edu-

cational purpose of the University is jeop-
ardized."
The second and third proposed changes
involve the number of hearings and the
time allowed for requesting a hearing.
Apparently these two changes were in-
stituted to render the entire procedure
more expeditious.
Certainly cumbersome bureaucracy leads
nowhere. However, we feel that efficiency
should be not the prime goal of the pro-
cedure. The major object of the hearings
should be the careful consideration of the
facts involved-preferably consideration re-
moved in time from the controversy bound
to occur when Congressional Committees are
or have just been in the immediate locale
In view of this it would seem that a longer
period than five days should elapse before
hearings are held.
As for the number of hearings, it seems
that a preliminary review by the depart-
ment of the faculty member involved is both
fair and constructive and should be re-
tained. The department in which a man
works should be the best judge of his quali-
fications as a teacher and the degree to
which his alleged political views subvert his
academic function. If the department should
approve the professor's dismissal, he would
then have a final appeal in the Senate Ad-
visory Committee. This method would not
insure speed but it would certainly add fur-
ther safeguards against unjudicious action.
In the long run this seems a much more
desirable goal.
APART FROM the proposed by-law
changes, the Senate resolved that "fac-
ulty men, like any other citizens, have a
duty to testify fully and freely when sub-
poenaed by legal authority." The resolu-
tion goes on to advise faculty men to con-
sult legal consul if they feel they cannot
respond fully and freely in any such in-
quiries. Tpiis latter suggestion is valid and
helpful but perhaps superfluous.
We believe that the committee would
have done better to simply leave out any
statement regarding their attitude on the
question of obligation to testify. This
question should be left up to the con-
science and principles of the person in-
volved and there should be no pressure
on him one way or the other.
In a sense, the Senate has prejudged any
case which might come before them by ex-
pressing the sentiment that faculty mem-
bers should testify.
But, in conclusion, it should not be as-
sumed that the weaknesses in the resolu-
tion invalidate it. As we have observed, im-
provements could have been made which
would further insure faculty members
against hasty and unfair action. However,
we recognize the difficulties which the di-
verse committee members had in formulating
a resolution which would secure passage by
an overly cautious Board of Regents. The
provisions are certainly worthy of swift
approval by the Regents.

"What I Want Is A New Model City"
CG C>a SE 96VW
ti C~,
3u4ssbudg etaoPAItRKJMc
n eprinted from Febriary 10, 1952.

XetteP4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters *f
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words In length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.
Academic Freedom Bill Detroit Communist Trial

I

To the Editor:

To the Editor:

WEDNESDAY night Student TOWARDS THE END of this
Legislature defeated a motion month, a new political trial
to take a firm stand against the under the Smith Act is slated to
abuses of Congressional Commit- open up in Detroit. One hundred
tee investigations. A watered down and five people have already been
bill that was substituted for the arrested under this Act-many of
original bill will come for discus- them are serving prison sentences
sion next Wednesday. If this sub- -because of their political views.
stitute bill is pased it will be rep- The six Communists in Detroit
resented as the opinion of the are not charged with doing any-
students. The orginal bill that was thing, nor even with teaching or
carefully prepared by the Human advocating anything. They are
Relations and the Culture and charged with "conspiracy to teach
Education committees represents, and advocate." What this proce-
in this writer's opinion, the true dure amounts to is that a whole
feelings of the majority of Mich- philosophy of life is being put on
Igan students. It's about time the ytrif np
members of SL began representing ' t is not coincidental that the
tle views of their constituents. It trial opens up in the same period
would be commendable if the in which the Un-American Com-
voice of the students was consult- mittee plans to set up shop in
ed before this weak bill on Aca- Detroit; the Labor Youth League
demic Freedom is passed. and eleven other organizations
-Willie B. Hackett have been asked to register under
* * * the McCarran Act; thirteen Com-
The (;liche of eadmc munists, editors and labor leaders
were arrested in Philadelphia and
Freedom ... Cleveland; Senator Potter urged
the outlawing of the Communist
To the Editor: Party; the Jenner committee
found "subversion" among the
ERECENT attitude of "Daily"rProtestant clergy, the press and
.editorial writers and letter Ithe schools of our country; Brow-
writers, SL spokesmen and repre- nell announced he will add the
sentatives of numerous influential Lawyers Guild to his subversive
organizations throughout the list; Professor Dunham was dis-
country, all of whom have an- missed from Temple University.
nounced themselves in favor of This shows that McCarthyism Is
"Academic Freedom," is at best advancing on all fronts faster than
superficially encouraging. In fact many people realize. McCarthy

"

i

.

ON THE
WASHINGTON
MERRY-GO-ROUND
WITH DREW PEARSON

I

/ASHINGTON-You can write it down as certain, as President Ike
celebrates his 63rd birthday, that he isn't going to run again.
This is not entirely due to the inexorable march of time, which
would make Ike older than any other President who was ever elect-
Pd ad dia thrnr hic for tn.71vU1 mnnA n of

ca ana vea tn rougnn is term. Ac ually it is more aue to the tact so many people nave taken the and his allies are gaining head
that the President just doesn't feel happy in the White House, trouble to become vocal partisans way in their attempt to drive the
living in a goldfish bowl, and, all in all, would rather get out. of academic freedom that the Bill of Rights underground by la-
He tires rather easily, gets irritated with his staff. shrinks from phrase is becoming a tedious cliche, belling the use of it "subversive."
criticism, considers the job of backslapping Congressmen an unneces- It can arouse little more enthus- This drive is taking place Ater
sary bore. iasm than such formerly ispir- the Korean War has ended, there
Before he agreed to run. and while still in Paris, Ike told friends ing terms as "peace," "progress," is a lessening of international ten-
-including this writer-that he felt he could do a useful service to his "equality," and "democracy." sions, and the possibility of peace-
country by cleaning up Washington, but that it would be a one-term which are now the standard catch- ful negotiation of all differences
coutr byclanig p ashngonbu tat t oul b aonetem wrd o political hacks. The rea- is becoming greater. Thus the
assignment. He has made it clear since then that he intends to stick w son for this development is easily Mcrtitg catexcus the
to that pledge.snfrti eeomn sesl McCarthyites cannot excuse their
discernable: the same acrobatic actions on the basis of a "state of
Ffeats of equivocation which have emergency."
been performed on these latter It is not enough to understand
THE FACT that the St. Louis police, not the FBI. captured Bobby terms, have been performed upon these facts. What is needed is
Greenlease's kidnappers has caused some griping inside the FBI.' the notion of "academic freedom." action all along the front, includ-
The griping has been going on beneath the surface for some time, By inserting enough "ifs," "ands" ing a campaign to abolish the
and is due to the fact that the FBI has become a huge interviewing and "buts" in their definition it McCarthy - Velde - Jenner witch-
agency, spending most of its time checking the loyalty of government becomes possible for people with hunting committees; to repeal the
employees. every shade of opinion on the sub- Smith, McCarran and McCarran-
Some FBI men, who look at their own organization frankly, say ject of the free exercise of intel- Walters Acts, which are the legis-
that's one reason why the famed Boston Brinks bank robbery is still lectual inquiry to declare them-! lative embodiment of McCarthy-
unsolved and why the FBI pulled a couple of boners in the, Green- selves indfavor of academic free- ism; to release all political pris-
leas kidappng cse.dom, and thus deceive the true, oners, open our doors for re-entry
,ease kidnapping case., iea a oIeeteto i p to all political deportees, and to
J. Edgar Hoover's office first said that Mrs. Bonnie Heady libei al as to the extent of his o to a ti o an
posiion.restore the rights of all organiza-
was the wife of an Oklahoma gunman with a record for prostitu- Oiti.t tions, citizens, teachers and stu-
tion, then took it all back, said they had the wrong Mrs. Heady. On this campus, however, there dents who have suffered in the
Hoover also rushed out with an announcement that Carl Hall had is an arganization which is not atmosphere of intolerance and in-
confessed to shooting Bobbie, though Hall actually pinned the satisfied with mere verbalisms. An timidation.
actuaslr.organization, to whose members,
murder on Thomas 3. Marsh. the phrase "academic freedom"--Mike Sharpe, Chairman
FBI men explain that their boss was so anxious to take credit calls to mind a worthy and precise- Labor Youth League
for solving the crime which the St. Louis police actually solved that, ly defined ideal. An ideal to be de-
understandably, he shot off too quick. fended against every encroach- THE IDEA of naming the See-
NOTE-Actually it was the plan worked out by Dave Beck of the ment. This is the same organiza- I retary of Labor as the Presi-
Teamsters' Union of putting taxi and truck drivers on the alert which tion that has been the liberal con- dent's staff officer on all labor

1

ArER 0EVOFACT

ThneNew Senator
From Ohio
THE TASK of appointing a successor for
the late Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio
was a difficult one. It was a job made doubly
difficult by the unique position of Ohio
Governor Frank J. Lausche, an independent
Democrat, who had to pick a successor to
the foremost Republican in the nation.
Chosen in Taft's stead was<Democrat
layor Thomas A. Burke of Cleveland,
a man able in the arts of city politics and
honored in the councils of his own Cuya-
hoga County party machine.
The unchallenged leader of the conserva-
tive wing of the Republican party, Taft had
been reelected to the Senate in 1950 by the
greatest plurality-431,000-ever achieved by
any Ohio candidate for that office over a
Democrat who had stopped at nothing to
rally labor behind him on the Taft-Hartley
issue. It was a personal victory for Taft,
but it was also a mandate to Ohio for Repub-
lican representation in Washington. Gov.
Lausche has ghosen to ignore this point.
The appointment of Burke splits the Sen-
ate between 48 Democrats, 47 Republicans
and Sen. Wayne Morse of Oregon, a self-
labeled independent. This, despite Gov.
Lausche's, "I anticipate that he (Burke)
wrill take no action upsetting the present
organization of the Senate," fails tocarry
out Ohio's demand for Republican leader-
ship in the capital.
Burke, while undeniably a capable and
popular politician, leaves much to be de-
sired as a forceful administrator and leg-
islator. Instances of corrupt police officials
and flourishing numbers rackets have fill-
ed Cleveland newspapers almost weekly
during the Burke administration. Always
reluctant to let a nolitia 1 cronv down.

i

By JOSEPH ALSOP
HONG KONG-The news from China
pours into this city in a turgid flood.
Strength and weakness, famine and mili-
tary buildup, brilliant 'successes in con-
struction and failures in industry, silly prop-
aganda gestures, bold, ambitious plans, op-
pression, achievement, folly and ruthless-
ness-all these themes are tumbled togeth-
er in this news from China in a pattern so
strange that it sometimes seems meaning-
less.
All the Western specialists who gather
here to read the Chinese riddle are faith-
ful students of the Peking "People's
Daily," which has something of the auth-
ority of "Pravda." Yet here is the "Peo-
ple's Daily" discussing the very odd things
that can happen when a vast, ill trained
bureaucracy is struggling to force the huge
and ancient mass of China into the mold
of a slave state:
"The disorder in the party work in the
field of statistical compilation in the rural
districts has developed to an unbearable ex-
tent! Without consideration of the actual
conditions in the rural districts, some re-
turns require data of an extremely ridicul-
ous nature. In compiling statistics of mules
and bees, the data are required to give the
number of male mules and female mules, the
number of male bees and the number of fe-
male bees. In compiling statistics of the
catching of mosquitoes, flies and lices, the
data are required to give the weight in catty
of insects caught, as well as the number."
The indignation of the "People's Daily"1
is altogether understandable. But speaking
seriously, this sometimes ludicrous and mor'e
often grim news from China begins, after
a while, to tell a rather clear story to any-
one who studies it carefully. It is a story
that comes in four parts, none of 'them
pleasing.
First,the present phase of the Chinese
communist regime is strictly transitional.
The honeymoon, when the Communists were
welcomed as a new force bringing order to
a strife-weary land, is definitely over. This
is the time of preliminary military buildup
and iron consolidation of the new govern-
ment's power. Both efforts are proceeding
with conspicuous success.
Second, the familiar Communist pro-
re sorindin. the masses In mincemeat

The Chinese have been relieved of the strain
of the Korean war, but this strain is now to
be replaced by the perhaps more severe strain
of intensive national development. China,
that always imported food in the past, and
lived always on the narrow verge of misery,
is now to pay for an immense program of
industrialization out of a reduced national
income. China, with far fewer resources, is
to' do what Russian did-and at what cost
to the Russian people!
Fourth, there is no question whatever
about the chilly, unyielding determination
of the Chinese Communist leaders to trans-
form their country into a military-industrial
great power at any cost. There is a good
deal of doubt, however, about their ability
to do the job with the resources now avail-'
able to them. Even with large scale aid
frim Russia, even if the people are driven or
starved to death by the tens of millions,
China may still lack the margin that is
needed to make a military-industrial great
power out of an ancient agrarian society.
These four parts of the story that are
already discernible give an uncomfortable
hint as to the possible fifth part.
Southeast Asia has everything that China
needs. The rice, the rubber, the minerals,
timber and petroleum of Indo-China, Bur-
ma, Siam and Malay must gleam before the
eyes of the Peking government as the gold-
en solution. With these resources under
their control, the Chinese Communists
would be able to accomplish without sereve
strain the gigantic task that may otherwise
prove beyond their strength.
It is foolish, at this time, to conclude
that the Communist high command is al- .
ready planning an onslaught upon South-
east Asia, and has disentangled the Chi-
nese armies from Korea for this but it is
wrong to ignore this possibility. And it is very
foolish to forget the pressures and tempta-
tions to which the future will expose the
Chinese Communists.
If present tendencies continue, South-
east Asia will still be soft and virtually
undefended two years from now. With-
in this short time, meanwhile, Commu-
nist China will have built up military pow-
er that may still be rather primitive, but
will certainly be immeasurably greater
than any other military power in this

helped materially in catching the criminals. science of college campuses
* * throughout this present, precarious
-BANKING BONANZA- period of time. The organization,
SEN. HARRY Flood Byrd of Virginia is still griping at the Treasury to which I refer is the Students
because of a practice which most taxpayers don't know about- j for Democratic Action. This Wed-
namely, they are supplying much of the money that the banks use to - nesday evening at 7:30 in the Un-
invest in government bonds. The catch is that the big banks don t iong therSAl'slt folt Aadfiht
pay the government any interest for using its money, yet the govern nFrliberals stand on Academi
Freedom. If you are tired of the
ment pays millions to the banks as interest on its bonds. empty verbalisms that are camou-
What this amounts to is that the banks are loaning the flaging the present advance ofE
-government its own money; or, in other words, the taxpayers are creeping barbarism, attend this
paying for the privilege of borrowing their own money. important SDA meeting.
This method of enriching the big banks has so galled finance- -Dave Kornbluh
minded Senator Byrd that he has accused the Treasury Department
of paying the banks "bribes" and "subsidies." He demands that part
of the money be withdrawn in order to reduce the public -debt. DAILY
-IRATE FARMERS--..__ _

matters, as reported from Wash-
ington by Joseph A. Loftus, makes
sense.
If the new idea is successful the
Secretary of Labor should be in-
valuable to the President in ad-
vising on legislation such as the
Taft-Hartley Act. Anything that
the Secretary can do to help re-
move the >controversy over the
law from politics would be all to
the good.
--New York Times
tI

k.

BEFORE President Eisenhower started on his Midwest farm trip
Republican congressmen had warned him that farmers were so.
bitter at his Secretary of Agriculture, Ezra T. Benson, that he might
have to be fired. The alternative, Ike has been told, would be a rural
revolt against the Republicans and a crushing defeat in the 1954 1
Congressional elections.
President Eisenhower, however, remains loyal to his hard-
working, hard-praying Secretary of Agriculture.
Curiously, the pulse-taking Congressmen, led by House agri-
culture chairman Cliff Hope of Kansas, have found that the farmers
don't blame Eisenhower for their plight but are venting their wrath
on Benson.
For example, the powerful Farm Bureau, which has backed Ben-
son's policies, has been losing members in droves. In other areas, the!
local organization has revolted against the policy line handed down

OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)

1

Episcopal Student Foundation. Stu-
dent Breakfast at 7:30 a.m., Thurs.,
Oct. 15, at Canterbury House.
Alpha Phi Omega, National Service
Fraterity. Open meeting for all inter-
ested members, Thurs., Oct. 15, 7:25-
8:30 p.m. in Rooms 3-R and S in the
Union. Members of the faculty and
administration will speak. Officers of
the fraternity will give information

Six y-Fourth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.

by the Farm Bureau in Washington and has come out against about ou giztn,our servicE
Benson program, and requirements for mem-
The farmers' chief omplait is that Benson will let them I bership. If you ire interested in ren- Harry Lunn.........Managing Editor
T dering service on campus and have had Eric Vetter..............,..City Editor
down on price supports. His speeches make them suspect that he previous membership in Scouting, come Virginia Voss.......Editorial Director
and look us over. Mike Wolff......Associate City Editor
will remove supports just when farm prices are skidding down - Alice B. Silver. Assoc. Editorial Director
and farm costs shooting up. They also argue that if the Repub- The Heiress, by Ruth and Augustus Diane Decker.......Associate Editor
licans are going to start curtailing government handouts, they Goetz, as suggested by Henry James' Heiene Simon.......Associate Editor
novel, Washington Square, and Eliza- Ivan Kaye................Sports Editor
should begin with big business, not the farmers.-I beth The Queen, by Maxwell Anderson, Paul Greenberg.... Assoc. Sports Editor
Under the GOP, farmers point out, businessmen have been get- are the first two plays of the Depart- Marilyn Campbell.....Women's Editor
ting more tax amortization, tax loopholes, tariff protection, and out- ment of Speech fall play series. Kathy Zeisler.. Assoc. Women's Editor
right subsidies than ever. The Heiress will be presented in the Don Campbell. Head Photographer
* Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre Oct. 28, 29,
and 31, starting promptly at 8 p.m. The Business Staf
-LISTENS TO WRONG PEOPLE- production will be under the direction
ARMERS ALSO complain that Benson has been listening to the of Claribel Baird. Tickets are ,$1.20-90c- Thomas Treeger......Business Manager
F 60c, with the special student rate of William Kaufman Advertising Manager
big growers and marketing middlemen; paying little attention to 50 cents on Oct. 28 and 29. aIreaankin Asso. Buiness M
the dirt farmer. William Seiden - - - Finance Manager
BackinWashington, meanwhile, the harrassed Secretary of Elizabeth the Queen will be present- James Sharp ... Circulation Manager
ed in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
Agriculture is under fire from the opposite side-for running up the on Nov. 12, 13, 14, and 16 starting
public debt by keeping price supports too high on butter and other promptly ath8 pm. The production will
commodities. Benson had estimated last January that he could keep be under the direction of William P.
,w.- --Halstead. Tickets are A120-9c-60cj with

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