See Page 4,
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXIV, No. 14 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1953 "
Won't Use Force
India, caught in a squeeze by Al-
lied and Red demands, shied away
yesterday from a policy of force
y in handling 22,500 Chinese, and
North Korean prisoners balking
at a return to communism.
Shortly after receiving a letter
from the UN commander de-
manding that these men be guar-
anteed "freedom of choice," Lt.
Gen. K. S. Thimayya refused to
say that his troops would compel
the prisoners to listen individually
to Red "explanation" teams.
The Reds are making this their
* * *
AT A CROWDED press confer-
ence, attended by both Commu-
nist and Allied newsmen, Thi-
mayya soft-pedaled the issue by
"I think we can ask the pris-
oners to listen for 5 to 10 m-
The UN Command agreed to
start work Wednesday on explan-
ation booths at a new sit agree-
able to the Reds in the demili-:
tarized zone. Indications were
that the twice-postponed explan-
ations may get started within a
* * *
ON THIS issue Sen. Potter (R-
Mich.) said yesterday the Korean
truce terms forced the United Na-
tions to turn back to the Com-
munists hundreds of captured war
criminals who would have been
put on trial if the war had ended
in a UN military victory.
"They are now beyond our
' reach," Potter told a news con-
ference after questioning four
military representatives in pri-
vate and getting from them, he
said, "shocking revelations of
atrocities" committed by the
Reds on American prisoners of
Potter, a legless veteran of
World War II, has been desig-
nated by Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis.),
chairman of the Senate investiga-
tions subcommittee as a one-man
"task force" to investigate atroi-
23 Posts Open
Aiming at a record number of
candidates and voter interest, Stu-
dent Legislature today opens pe-
titioning for 23 seats on the legis-
lature, to be filled in campus-wide
lections scheduled for Wednesday
and Thursday, Nov. 11 and 12.
Any academically eligible stu-
dent, including first semester
' freshmen, may run for the terms
by filing petitions filled with 150
signatures of .students who wish
to see him run. Rules, petition
blanks and general information
about candidacy will be available
from 1 to 5 p.m. daily until Sat-
urday, Oct. 17 at the SL Bldg.
Twenty-one full year terms and
two semester-long terms are open,
which will bring total SL member-
ship to 40 members instead of the
present 39. The extra seat was
made available because of the fall
increase in campus enrollment.
Students or campus organiza-
tions interested in having a ref-
erendum placed on the ballot will
have until Thursday, Oct. 29 to
submit to SL the question and 600
signatures of students who think
the campus should vote on the is-
Resignation to SL
Peter Dow, '55, submitted his
resignation to the Student Legis-
lature this week, it was learned
Dow, whose term was due to ex-
pire in November, said pressure of
other activities prevented him
from remaining on SL. His resig-
nation was the eighth received by
SL this fall. At last week's meet-
Top Ohi~o Reds
Arrested b B
Seven Communist Officials Snared
In Cleveland, Newark, New York City
CLEVELAND-(P)-The FBI yesterday arrested seven alleged
Communist officials it described as leaders and former leaders of the
party's activities in Ohio.
The arrests, on charges of conspiring to advocate violent over-
throw of the government, were made in, Cleveland, Lorain and
Steubenville, Ohio; Newark, N. J.; and New York City.
THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT also placed a detainer against ank
eighth alleged Red official, now in the Ohio penitentiary for ficti-
tious auto registration.
NEW YORK - An uneasy truce
settled on the East Coast water-
front yesterday, as shipping shook
off the effects of a five day, multi-
million dollar dock strike.
A court order ended the walk-
out Monday night.
streaming back to work in such big
ports as New York, Philadelphia
In New York, world's largest
port, 52 vessels started inching
into piers after the strike isolat-
ed them for days at anchor in
Tugmen were back on the job
and big liners were freed from the
ticklish task of maneuvering
themselves into berths. First to ar-
rive in New York after the strike's
end was the Swedish-American
liner Gripshom. The Italian Line's
Andrea Doria was first to sail.
At its height the strike tied up
more than 100 vessels in 12 har-
bors from Portland, Me., to Hamp-
ton Roads, Va.
* * .
A TAFT-Hartley lav injunction
Monday, the first of the Eisenhow-
er administration, forced the strik-
ing International Longshoremen's
Assn. back to work.
A railroad embargo on freight
shipments into New York was
lifted. It was placed in effect last
Thursday to prevent a tieup of
freight cars during the strike.
Many of the 60,000 longshore-
men on the East Coast answered
shape up hiring whistles in the
gray light of a damp autumn
dawn. However, the ILA said 'it
will take until today to get them
Students for Democratic Action
elected temporary officers at their
first meeting yesterday.
Dave Kornbluh, Grad, was elect-
ed president; Fran Leffler, '55,
vice-president; Ann Lawther, '55,
recording secretary; and Iris Leja,
Spec., corresponding secretary.
John Leggett, '54, and Arthur
Cornfeld, '56, were elected as exec-
utive members at large.
At the meeting plans for the
year were discussed and commit-
A Justice Department an-
nouncement said the arrests
were part of a drive to round up
"second-string" Communist of-
ficials for prosecution similar to
that which brought prison terms
for the 11 top leaders of the
party in 1949.
Starting with the arrest of that
11 in 1948, a total of 99 party
officials have been arrested or de-
The FBI gave these descriptions
of the persons arrested yesterday:
ELVADOR CLAUD Greenfield
63, write-in candidate for Ohio
governor on the Communist ticket
in 1952, arrested at a Cleveland,
rooming house; David Katz, 40,
former treasurer of the Commun-
ist Political Association of Ohio,
picked up while driving a bakery
truck in downtown Cleveland; his
wife, Frieda ucker Katz, 41, one-,
time organizational secretary for
the party in Cuyahoga County,
Ohio, arrested at her home here;
Lucille "Bethencourt, 26, a leader
of Communist activities in the
Lorain, Ohio, area isince 1949,
taken into custody at her home
Joseph Michael Dougher, 56,
alias Joseph Michael Walsh, ac-
tive in Communist affairs in
Ohio and Pennsylvania and
former member of the party's
national committee, arrested at
a Steubenville, Ohio, rooming
house; Joseph Brandt, 43, form-
er organizational secretary for
the party in Ohio, apprehended
in Newark, N. J., on his way to
work; and Robert Alfred Camp-
bell, 41, former educational dir-
ector of the party in Ohio and
currently active in Communist
activities in the New York City
area, picked up on his way to
F1I records further show that:
Greenfield had been a Commu-
nist since 1931, was publicist for
the Ohio Communist party in 1952,
,and has served as secretary of the
Civil Rights Cngress in Cleveland.
Frieda Katz had been linked
with Red activities as early as
1940, as a former executive secre-
tary of the Ohio Bill of RightsI
From 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. today,
representatives from the 'Ensi-
an will be on the "Diag" to sign
up seniors who have not made
arrangements for their senior
According to 'Ensian officials,
those who have not signed up
forstheir pictures should do so
WASHINGTON - (I) - Se
tary of Defense Wilson saidy
terday it is "perhaps stretchin
a bit" to say that the Russ
have a hydrogen bomb "ready
drop and planes ready to d:
At the same time Secretar3
State Dulles reported that
United States is considering
joint move with its European a
to offer Russia formal guaran
against the rebirth of German
IN CONTRAST to some re
official expressions of urge
Wilson told a news conference
believed the Russians are "t
or four years back of us" in at
ic weapons development.
"The Russians are certai
not going to deliver one bo
with one plane and have not
ing to back it up," he said.
The defense chief's statei
came a few hours after Pres
Eisenhower spoke out against1
threat of global H-bomb sui
involving "the possible doom
Wilson said there is no rea
to believe the Russians want
start a war now, but he declare
"I PERSONALLY feel sure t
if the Russians did precipitate
through miscalculation or ot
wise, while they might have a
initial victories, the going we
be very tough and they ultima
could not wi.
"We really have grown qu
strong in a military sense."
Wilson made it plain hev
thinking of Russia's ability
wage sustained H-bomb warfar
saying it would take three m
Syearsfor the Kremlin to be abl
deliver such an assault.
CONCERNING the contemp
ed move for a pact against Russ
militarism Dulles made it clea
a news conference that he fa
such assurances only if Ru
agreesbat the same time to an
ceptable plan for a united Gi
The secretary's words appea
ed aimed at slowing down w;
he regards as a growing Weste
European interest in offeri
Russia a non-aggression pa
before any of Europe's -cruci
East-West problems are solv
His remarks also were app
ently intended as an indirect a
swer to former Gov. Adlai Stev
son's plea for "a European syst
of durable non-aggression
Russia as well as France, for G
many, and the rest of us."
Doom of Society
Seen by Ike
ATLANTIC CITY, N.J. - (T) --
TIGHT SQUEEZE-Two students take part in a typical campus squeeze-play as they detour between
two parked cars on State St. near Betsy Barbour. Utilizing this space for cars may alleviate the city
traffic problem, according to one coed, "but it sure has student traffic blocked."
Sale of Dimte Rosters To Cease
By PAUL LADAS
The athletic department's long
battle to eliminate amateur foot-
ball program sellers at Saturday
games finally met with success
when Larry Wellman, '56M, and
Ronald Karp, '54, sole enterprisers
of the dime rosters on campus, dis-
closed yesterday they would dis-
continue the sale of programs for
the remainder of the season.
The decision was reached after
a meeting with Prof. Herbert 0.
"Fritz" Crisler, Director of Ath-
ment" caused them to decide "to
end their dime program enter-
"Crisler reminded us," the two
students said, "that we might
be in jeopardy of violating the
copyright of the official football
program, or that if this legal
action had no effect 'other al-
ternative steps could be taken'."
"The legal brief prepared by our
attorney Frank Devine," Wellman
and Karp said, "and stating that
our enterprise was completely le-
us to discontinue the distribution
of dime programs."
"We hope that the withdrawal
of our competition will speedily
return the selling of the official
souvenir football program to fi-
nancial stability," Welman and
Prof. Crisler declined to com-
ment on the ceasing of operations
by the two amateur program mak-
NP I P "tien "ts
letics, last Thursday when the gen- gal, made us confident that there 1 l j j Il44/C
eral implications of the controver- was no danger from Crisler's
sy were discussed. threat of legal action."Ia
* * * "However," the students con-
WELLMAN and Karp said the- tinued, "our consideration of the!D
meeting with Crisler, where they financial status of the athletic de-
were informed about the "views partment, and our high respect fort
'" ' lnr f+-nnh nirA n + lnIT i- i-Taa itlln ainl.
President Eisenhower warned a di-
vided world yesterday to put the
atom to constructive use, or risk
H-bomb suicide with "erasure of
cities. windrows of unidentifiable
He blamed Soviet Russia for a
nuclear artns race, in which the
free world must stockpile A-bombs
and.H-bombs "assuring us reason-
able safety from attack."
CONCERNING the threat of
atomic warfare the President said:
"In its wake we see only sud-
den and mass destruction . .
the possible doom of every na-
tion and society.
"This horror must not be.
"This titanic force must be re-
duced to the fruitful service of
mankind. If it is in the power of.
your leaders, with God's help, it
will be done.
* * *
"THIS CAN come to pass only
as o'e .of the results of shaping a
firm and just and durable peace."
"Such a peace," the President
added, would come "only slowly
and tortuously"-notby force or
edict or treaty or dark threats
or glittering slogans, but by
Some 5,000 listeners sat awed as
Eisenhower spelled out the world's
atomic future in solemn alterna-
ties. They were members of the
United Church Women of the Na-
tional Council of Churches of
Christ in the U.S.A., meeting in
Atlantic City's Convention Hall.
The President's speech was bill-
ed in advance. as a discourse on
spiritual values. But it went much
EISENHOWER apparently took
another step to drive home to the
American people the threat posed
by Russia's progress toward the H-
"The mysteries of the atom
are known to Russia," he said at
It was the third time in two
weeks Eisenhower referred to the
nuclear thret that faces the world
-in apparent resolve to awaken
the American people more fully
to the perils of an H-bomb age.
Eisenhower flew here from
Washington for his address, then
returned to the capital.
* * *.
HE LAUNCHED his discussion
of atomic horrors by pointing out
that America has lost its former
immunity to the devastation of
"While our homes have wit-
nessed scarcely any of the hor-
rors of the battlefield that are
so familiar to Western Europe,"
he said, "we know that their
unique physical security has al-
most totally disappeared before
the long range bomber and the
destructive power of a single
"The mysteries of the atom are
known to Russia. Russia's hostili-
ty to free government-and to the
religious faith on which free gov-
ernment is built -- is too well
known to require recital here."
Gov. G. Mennen Williams has
proposed that a trophy be estab-
lished this year as an award to
the winner. of theaannual Univer-
sity-Michigan State College foot-
and ieelings of the athletic depart- the University Family las caused
Coloratura Roberta Peters
To Entertain at Hill Today
By BECKY CONRAD
Although two weeks late to make her local debut with the coming
of winter, Metropolitan Opera soprano Roberta Peters will appear for
the first time in Ann Arbor at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium1
opening the Diamond Jubilee season of the Choral Union.
The 23 year old coloratura will sing Scarlatti's "Qual farfalletta
amante," Caccini's "Amarilli, mia bella," Mozart's "Der Holle Rache"
from The Magic Flute, Handel's "Sweet Bird" from Il Pensieroso, Ros-
sini's "The Alpine Shepherdess,' Viardot's "Dites, Que Faute-il Faire?"
and Bishop's "Lo! Here the Gentle
Two youthful runaway patients'
from the University Neuropsychia-
tric institute took a 19-mile ride
yester'day, clinging precariously to
the outside of a cr'ack streamliner
hitting speeds up to 80 miles an
The two girls, 14 and 12 years
old, sneaked aboard the train at
Ann Arbor after escaping from
the institute. They clung to the
canvas-like windbreakers which
protect persons going from one car
to the other and miraculously
managed to keep a toe hold on
the speeding train.
The emotionally-disturbed girls'
claimed they ran away because
they were "kept in a ward with 27
boys," but Dr. Raymond W. Wag-
goner, director of the institute,
termed their story "fanciful."
The girls, one from Midland
and one fr'om Benton Harbor,
Mich., were returned to the insti-
Powell Tells of Passion for Collecting Literature
By DEBRA DURCHSLAG3
Black tie and satin gown assembled yesterday in Clements Mem-
orial Library to hear Lawrence C. Powell, library director of the Uni-
versity of California at Los Angeles, speak on his three loves: col-
lecting, keeping, and giving books.
In the wood-uaneled. book-lined Main Room of one of the
HER PROGRAM will continue
with Adam's "Bravura Varia -
tions," Schubert's "Der Hirt auf
demo Felsen," Debussy's "Ro-
mance," Moret's "Nelumbo" and
Poulenc's "Air Vif."
Miss Peters will also sing
Rachmaninoff's "Songs of Gru-
sia," Scott's "Blackbird's Song,"
Watts' "Little Shepherd's Song,"
Stravinsky's "Quietly, Night"
from The Rake's Progress and Because of a "defect in the case,"
world's foremost historical libraries, Mr. Powell discussed his "life- Strauss' "Grossmachtige Prin- the prosecution in the Detroit cen-
time passion for books." zessin" from Ariadne auf Naxos. sorship trial of Robert Lowry's
* * * * Whnteyugclrtr o "Find Me in Fire" has asked to
HE SPOKE of himself as a man who has always lived with books, oWhenrsth young coratlsf" a ont
and who has constantly been impressed with their unique symbolic as a last minute replacement in Prof. John F. Muehl, key defense
as witness said yesterday.
power. "Don Giavanni," the New York i
Mr. Powell acknowledged his debt in bibliographical education Times called her "a hit, delightful Prof. Muehl, slated to testify
to Randolph G. Adams, first director of Clements Library. In a in every way." yesterday,'said the trial postpone-
warm eulogy, Powell described him as a guiding man, who knew But the overnight success of the ment probably won't affect the3
and loved books as few men do. Powell said he was proud to claim young Bronx-born singer climaxed case inethe least.
himself as a "loyal disciple" of Adams. many years of intensive study. She He went oan to say he did not
# know what the "defect" was that
The attentive audience was as receptive to Mr. Powell's wit as began work under the direction of wcaused the drosecution's sudden