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October 02, 1953 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1953-10-02

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Daily Managing Editor
FTER BEING harassed all year by eager
publicists bearing reams of dull copy on "Dog
and Cat Week," "National Copper and Brass
Week" and other equally uninspiring insti-
tutional celebrations, newspaper publishers
turned the tables yesterday with the open-
ing of national newspaper week.
Falling into the stock pattern of the oth-
er groups who dedicate a "week" to them-
selves each year, the publishers opened
their celebration in an aura of self glori-
fication with "warm greetings" from
President Eisenhower who praised them as
"custodians of a majestic trust."
Behind the public relations haze, however,
publishers undoubtedly are casting a long
reflective look over the changing role of news-
papers in the United States and quiet pos-
sibly are somewhat disquieted over what
they see. The uneasiness comes from a
knowledge that more and more they no long-
er are the sole custodians of the "majestic
trust" and charges arising in the wake of
last year's elections that the trust was being
somewhat perverted.
Though radio news coverage posed a se-
rious competitive threat to the newspaper,
radio broadcasters could never bring the
pictorial image of a news photo or the oth-
er graphic methods used by the press. But
television brought these in and soon sur-
passed newspaper photographic coverage
with film and on-the-spot news reporting.
In a way, the growth of television as a
competitive threat means finer newspa-

per for the country, for eidtors have had
increasingly to emphasize interpretive
writing and sharper, more complete report-
ing to hold the reading public. The trend
toward increased interpretation and dis-
cussion of major news events creates a po-
tentiality for a better ejucated reading
Througftout the last year it has also been
F interesting to watch newspaper reactions to
charges that a one-party sympathy not
only dominated editorial pages, but got into
the news columns as well. Recently it was
rumored that former Senator Blair Moody
was gathering capital to set up a Democrat-
ic paper to compete with Detroit's three Re-
publican papers.
Forthwith, the Detroit Free Psess add-
ed several Democnatic columnists to ex-
pand their editorial page into a "forum"
for current political and social discussion.
How much influence the potential Moody
competition or the delcarations against
a "one party press" had to do with the,
Free Press policy change can only be con-
jectured, but the innovation could be com-
mended to tne nation's press, particularly
in metropolitan areas.
Ratner than heading toward an era of
diminished restige and readership, the na-
tion's newspapers can retain and increase
their standing by facing the competition of
teleVision through providing the very thor-
ough coverage which television cannot con-
tinually approximate, reflecting a greater
impartiality in reporting and permitting a
wider diversity of edtorial opnion.

SAC and the Man-Woman Ratio

IN AN EFFORT to equalize the ratio be-
tween men and women students on the
student Affairs Committee the Board of
Regents has taken a step which could make
able student representation more difficult
to achieve.
At last Friday's Regents meeting the
by-law provision that both the Chairmany
of Joint Judiciary and the Chairman of
Women's Judiciary sit on the SAC was
changed. Under the new ruling if the
Chairman of Joint Judiciary is a woman
then the Council's seat on the SAC goes
to the Vice-Chairman.
In view of the fact that student repre-
sentatives on the SAC are supposed to be
the seven most experienced students on
campus it is difficult to see why the ratio of
men to women should enter into the appor-
tioning of these seats at all.
But if maintenance of this ratio is the
real reason behind the change in the Re-
gents by-laws a far better way to accom-
plish this would be to seat both the Chair-
man and the Vice-Chairman of Joint Judic
on SAC.
Such a move would equalize the male-
female ratio since the Joint Judic Consti-
tution provides that if the Chairman is a
woman the Vice-Chairman would be a man
and vice versa.
Furthermore, since the powers of Joint
Judic far outweigh those of Women's Ju-
THE FAR COMMAND by Elinor Cham-
berlain. Winner of the Hopwood Award
for fiction in 1951 as THE BAMBOO
PLOW. Ballantine Books, N.Y., 256 pp.
Publication date: August 24, 1953.
T HERE IS notthing in Elinor Chamber-
lain's Hopwood winning novel, The Far
Command, to indicate that anything re-
markable has occured in the development
of the novel since the cheerful, boistrous,
pre-decadent days of James Fenimore
Cooper. Miss Chamberlain has turned out
a speedy get-the-bandits-and-the-girl-in-
the-bargain tale of a 1902 variety of Leath-
er Stocking stationed in the Philippines. It
is his task to reconcile American and Fili-
pino temperaments, restore happiness and
prosperity to a people miserably exploited
by the Spanish, (now delivered into the
steadier and presumably more benevolent
hands of the Americans), and more speci-
fically, to put down the insurrections of the
"pulajanes" or bands of Filipino outlaws who
prey liberally and without racial or political
prejudice on natives and Americans alike.
Captain Morrow-not, after all. to be
confused with Captain Marvel in spite of
their rather noticeable similarity-is sent
from the American Headquarters in Man-
ila to the backward, outlaw-infested is-
land of Samar to command the Filipino
Constabulary, a body of Filipino soldiers
under American leadership. His instruc-
tions are to search out, wipe up and sweep
away a particularly obnoxious band of
"pulajanes," responsible for the massacre
of his predecessor, Captain Pearson. How-
ever, his real problem turns out to be the

die it would certainly seem that the for-
mer organization is more deserving of re-
presentation on the University's highest
body containing student representatives.
Joint ludic has four importantpowers:
1. It conducts hearings in all cases con-
cerning violation of University rules which
are referred to it by the Offices of the Dean
of Students and the Dean of Women.
2. It has jurisdiction over all-campus
3. It serves as an appellate court for resi-
dence hall cases.
4. It settles disputes between student or-
The two important powers of Women's
Judic are:
1. Coordination and review of the work of
the House Judiciary Councils and the Lea-
gue-House Judiciary Council.
2. Conducting hearings in all cases re-
ferred to it by the Women's Panel, and the
House Judiciary Councils named above.
In view of the difference in importance
between Joint Judic and Women's Judic the
Regents might have solved the problem of
maintaining an equal male-female ratio
and at the same time achieved a fairerrre-
presentation of the student community by
seating both the Chairman and the Vice-
Chairman of Joint Judic on the SAC.
--Phyllis Lipsky
)KS +
ageously sets off on a crusade for honesty,
new sewers and the aquisition of unmitti-
gated Filipino confidence. Needless to day,
he accomplishes, to his consunmate glory,
all he strives for, and, with the help of con-
stant danger, good luck, a hand quick on
the trigger, a shrewd little Filipino Sergeant
named Ramos, not to mention the uncom-
promising partisanship of Miss Chamber-
lain, he successfully wins the faith and
hearts of the islanders.
It might be mentioned in passing that he
also wins the faith and heart of a lovely, ra-
diant and resilient young school teacher
named Lucy who has migrated to Samar in
order to carry on the work of her lately
massacred fiancee, Tom Horton, to whom
she remains unflinchingly faithful until she
meets 1) Harry Palmer, the villain, who
falls in love and tells her, and 2) Captain
Morrow, who falls in love and doesn't tell
Because of this noble but uncomfort-
ably embarrassing reticence, she is hard
put, for a while, to tell the difference be-
tween good and evil, especially as her
"confidente," the curiously adhesive, half
insane Emerald Sands, wishes her to mar-
ry Palmer. However, Lucy finally comes
around. At the end of 224 pages of jungle
creeping, bolo warring, rifle popping and
mosquito swatting excitement, the out-
laws, the islanders, Palmer and Lucy are
all appropriately subdued.
As there is no attempt made either to
crystallize a fluent literary style or to un-
dertake a penetrating analysis of character,
the novel depends for its effectiveness en-

A 'Political'
A ppointment
must be a political appointment. '
Politically, the appointment of Gov. Earl
Warren of California to head the nation's
highest court is certainly a good one. War-
ren is a Republican, he comes from the im-
portant state of California, he threw his
support to Ike in the convention.
But the appointment of a chief justice
is also political in another, larger sense.
The Supreme Court, like the Congress
and the Executive, is a political body,
which, if it does not "follow the election
returns," does exert great influence in
determining what the law is. Governor
Warren will bring to the Court 30 years
of political experience, experience that
will be invaluable in his ne wjob.
Warren, a lawyer and former prosecutor
and state attorney-general, has a legal
background which gives him the technical
knowledge necessary for a Chief Justice.
Perhaps others of the men mentioned for
the appointment were better "legal schol-
ars," but Warren's other abilities far out-
weigh any possible lack of brilliance in this
area. And Warren was certainly well res-
pected as a lawyer and attorney-general.
Many have commented on the fact that
Warren has had no judicial expecience. But
many good Supreme Court justices before
have been entirely or almost entirely with-
out this kind of experience when they were
The Chief Justice must also be a good
administrator. He is responsible for as-
signing the writing of opinions to the
other justices and signing numerous court
orders. More important, he must keep
the court working together harmoniously,
acting as conciliator in disputes that arise.
Warren's administrative ability and ex-
perience, together with his friendliness,
qualify him in this respect.
It is also said by some that one of the
present justices should have been appoint-
ed Chief Justice. But elevation of the only
really likely candidate, Justice Jackson,
would have been unwise because of his long
feud, now somewhat cooled, with Justice
Warren is politically a liberal to middle-
of-the-roader. On civil rights, he stood for
loyalty oaths for those in posts involving
national security but fought against an oath
for college professors. One of the first deci-
sions he must make on the court will be on
the issue of segregation, and his views on
this subject are typical of Republican liber-
Removed from the pressure of having to
please the voters, Warren may show him-
self to be even more liberally inclined. His
appointment should be a good thing for the
Court and the country.
-Jon Sobeloff
The 'Small Force'
In History
EVER SINCE 1914, everybody conscious of
trends in the world has been deeply
troubled by what has seemed like a fated
and predetermined march toward ever great-
er disaster. Many serious people have come
to feel that nothing can be done to avert the
plunge towards ruin. They see the human
race, like the hero of a Greek tragedy, driv-
en on by angry gods and no longer the
master of fate. I think this view is at once
lazy and superstitious. Misfortunes can be
imagined for which men, individually and
collectively, would be not responsible: if the
sun were to explode, we could not iS1ame
the government. But the misfortunes of the

human race since .1914, and those much
greater misfortunes with which it is threat-
ened, are not of this order. They are brought
on by human volition, by the passions of'the
mdny and the decisions of the few.
It is the custom nowadays to under-
estimate the importance of the decisions
of the few, and to attribute all great
events to the passions of the many. This is
a partial analysis designed, as a rule sulb-
consciously, to make the course of history
seem less irrational than it is. It is true
that great events depend upon- passions
felt by many. But, in most' cases, there are
opposite passions which might have pre-
vailed, and often the decisive factor in de-
termining which shall prevail is some very
small force supplied by an individual. So
it has been since 1914. Unfortunately, the
small fortuitous force has, by a run of bad
luck, always been applied in the wrong
direction ..,.
In the world of today there are two enor-
mous popular forces: one is the hostility be-
tween Communists and non-Communists;
the other is the wish to avoid another world
war . . . This is exactly the sort of situation
in which something small and apparently
trivial may give the victory to one force or
the other. It is easy to imagine small events
that would unleash the war . . . It is not
quite so easy to imagine events giving added
strength to the desire for peace; but I think
it is possible, and I think that, if it is pos-
sible, to do so would be at the present time
the greatest benefit that could be conferred
upon mankind.
--Bertrand Russell


-- -------- __.- c

WASHINGTON-The Joint Chiefs of Staff held a highly significant
secret meeting last week to determine the basic question of mili-
tary preparedness against the hydrogen bomb. Result: they came up
with the same old time-honored solution-the "balanced force."
In nonmilitary language this means that the Army, Navy and
Air Force will balance their strength. They will carve up military
appropriations between them more or less even-Stephen. Regard-
less of whether Russia is stronger in the air or on the land, the
American Army, Navy and Air Force will continue to be such
competitors between themselves with each wanting to be just as
strong as the other.
This vital, basic question was brought up in last week's meeting
by Gen. Nathan Twining, Air Force Chief of Staff.
Twining argued that the Joint Chiefs couldn't start allocating
men and materials to the three services until they had decided on the
over-all "concept" or strategy.
They must face the fact that Russia has the hydrogen bomb,
General Twining pleaded, and this must drastically change the old
concept of 1954 military needs.
* * * *

Spain & Franco...
To the Editor:t
IT WOULD seem puerile to cri-r
ticize Mrs. Silver's editorial inr
The Daily about the recent Am- t
erican-Spanish agreement, exceptt
for the terminology she uses in1
describing the present situation of
that Iberic country. The words
used in that editorial have been
manufactured by Drew Pearson
and his associates, including the1
news agencies and the Evangelicalt
Council of Churches. To call
Spain "Franco Spain" is something
like calling this country Eisen-
hower's States, and it is equally
shocking to write it and to hear it."
Perhaps it takes some knowledge
of History to know that Spain was3
the greatest country in the World
five centuries ago; and its tradi-
tional culture can only be compar-
ed with those of Greece and
Rome. Therefore, no government
and no temporary political disease,
can take possession of the tradi-
tion that belongs to the great
Spanish people.;
Franco's government is not de-
mocratic, and I myself can not
agree with its political basis. But
to say that the present Spanish
regime has a record of "corrup-
tion, graft and dishonesty" is
something that very few people

TWINING, HOWEVER, was snowed under with protests from the
Army and Navy. Gen. Matt Ridgway, efficient, eloquent Army
chief, argued: "We can't give up traditional but tested old weapons
for untested new weapons." Adm. Arthur Radford, new chairman of
the Joint Chiefs, joined him. It's always remotely possible that ato-
mic weapons may be outlawed, Radford argued, just as mustard gas
was outlawed after World War I: This would eliminate the whole ato-
mic arsenal in one stroke, said Radford, and leave the U.S. short-
handed if conventional weapons are abandoned.
In the end, Twining was overruled, and the Joint Chiefs fell back
on tihe usual solution-namely, to split the military budget three ways,
giving the Army, Navy and Air Force an equal share of the men and
NOTE-"Ths kind of military planning," Robert Nathan, genius
of the old war production board, once remarked when battling with
the generals, "is like a tailor who cuts up a bolt of cloth and uses as
much cloth for sleeves as for pants. A tailor who did that couldn't
stay in business. Yet our military have been doing it for years."
THE BRITISH Joint Chiefs of Staff have taken the lead in junking
the old "balanced force" concept of an equal-strength Army,
Navy and Air Force. Instead, they have put more of their military
dollars into air power and atomic weapons. -
"It would bankrupt us to keep all three of our services built
up to the same size," one British general told American friends
the other day. "The Russians have no Navy to speak of except
submarines. Therefore, why should we spend a fortune on build-
ing up our Navy-except for submarines.
"We can use the money on air defenses, the bomber fleet and an
atomic arsenal."
British point out that the French generals got caught napping in
World War II when they placed too much defense hope on the Magi-
not Line. The Germans promptly developed a new concept of war-
the blitzkrieg-and sent Panzer divisions with fast-moving troops
right around the Maginot Line, conquering France in a few days.
The British Joint Chiefs point out that they don't want to
get caught relying on the tactics of the last war to meet the threat
of the hydrogen bomb.
They also point out that just as England dominated the seas in
the 18th century, so the nation that dominates the air'today will do-
minate the world. Yet Secretary of Defense Wilson took out most of
the U.S. defense cuts on the Air Force, then tried to sell the public
the fantastic myth that the Air Force would be stronger than ever
with $5,000,000,000 less.

The Harvest Moon

The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the

(Continued from Page 2)
Applications for Phoenix Project Re-
search Grants. Faculty members who
wish to apply for grants from the
Michigan Memorial-Phoenix Project Re-
search Funds to support research in
peacetime applications and implica-
tions of nuclear energy should file ap-
plications in the Office of the Graduate
School by Mon., Oct. 12, 1953. Applica-
tion forms will be mailed on request or
can be obtained at 1006 Rackham Build-
ing. Telephone 2560.
The Selective Service College Quali-
fication Test will be given hereaon
Thurs., Nov. 19. Application :deadline
Nov. 2.
It is recommended that all men who
have not previously taken the test make
application for it at Ann Arbor Selec-
tive Service Board No. 85, 208 West
Washington. The Selective Service
Board will then notify applicants of
time and place.
The result of this test is used by your
local draft board for determining col-,
lege deferment.
The test will be given again on April
Personnel Requests. The Kellogg Com-
pany in Battle Creek, Mich., is inter-
sted in hearing from students work-
ing toward a B.S., M.S., or Ph.D. de-
gree in Physical Chemistry. The firm
is looking for a Physical Chemist with
the potential of becoming a future
executive in research activities. For
further information contact the Bur-
eau of Appointments, 3528 Adminis-
tration Bldg., Ext. 371.
The Art Print Loan Collection. The
remainder of the prints for rental will
be available to students on Mon., Oct.
5, in 517 Administration Building in
the basement. ID cards must be pre-
sented eW the attendent and arental
fee of fifty cents per picture is charg-
ed. Hours-8:30-12:00 and 1:00-5:00.
The Following Student Sponsored So-
cial Events are approved for the com-
ing week-end. Social chairmen are re-
minded that requests for approval for
social events are due in the Office of
Student Affairs not later than 12 o'clock
noon on the Monday prior to the event.
October 2, 1953-
Delta Theta Phi
Martha Cook
Phi Delta Phi
October 3, 1953-
Alpha Delta Phi
Alpha Epsilon Pi
Alpha Kappa Kappa
Alpha Omega
Alpha Tau Omega
Beta Theta Pi
Chi Phi
Delta Sigma Delta
Delta Tau Delta
Delta Theta Phi
Delta Upsilon
Gamma Phi Beta

would believe outside the U.S.
Spain has been able to overcome
the crisis created by World War
II, and its own Civil War, without
much outside help; while millions
of dollars have been poured in
other European and Asiatic coun-
tries. This obviously can not hap-
pen with a corrupted and dishon-
est government.
Economically, Spain is a poor
country not because of Franco,
but because it doesn't have the
natural resources and the dollars
to develop a great economy. Be-
sides, there has been too much
Reader's Digest literature over
emphasizing the empty stomach
of the Spanish gypsies. If this
were true I would certainly glorify
Franco for not having a Commun-
ist Party in Spain while in France
and Italy, and everywhere else,
empty stomachs have been the al-
lies of the Kremlin.
Spain is still alive, and its great
spiritual resources are more im-
portant than its strategic position.
If Franco is politically ill, let's be
sure that the Spanish people are
not, and that in relation to dis-
honesty, any resemblance between
today's Spain and Chiang Kai
Shek is a matter of pure imagi-
nation, created by Drew Pearson
and all of his associates.
--J. Teran
Study of the Relationship of the De-
velopment of the Child as a Whole at
the Elementary Level to High School
Achievement and Activity Participa-
tion," Fri., Oct. 2. 1439 University Ele-
mentary School, at 8 a.m. Chairman,
W. C. Morse.
Doctoral Examination for Edwin Ben-
jamins, Chemistry; thesis: "A Ther-
modynamic Study of the System Am-
monium Monohydrogen Difuoride-
Ammonium Fluoride," Sat., Oct. 3, 3003
Chemistry Building, at 10 a.m. Chair-
man, E. F. Westrum.
Events Today
Congregational-Disciples Guild. Sup-
per hike at 5 p.m. Meet at Guild House.
Episcopal Student Foundation. Fri-
day Lecture Series, Dr. Leonard E.
Himler, Director of Mercywood Sani-
tarium, will speak on "Religion and
the Emotional Life" at 7:30 p.m. fol-
lowed by Gbffee Hour at Canterbury
House. Tea from 4 to 6 at Canterbury
Psychology Club. First meeting of
the year will be a discussion and plan-
ning for future activities, at 3:15 p.m.,
in the Psychology Graduate Lounge,
3417 Mason, Hall. All students inter-
ested in psychology are invited.
Roger Williams Guild. Meet at the
Guild House this evening at 8 o'clock
to go on a hike and weiner roast. Wear
your old clothes.
Lane Hall Coffee Hour. Drop in be-
tween 4:15 and 6 p.m. Special .guests
this week include faculty and stu-
dents of the School of Nursing and
members of the Lane Hall Board of
Inter-Guild Council Meeting, Lane
Hall, 4 p.m.
Coming Events
Congregational-Disciples Guild. Open
house at Guild House after the game




I UT 4

** *


INSIDE FACT is that Wilson got his advice from Army generals and
Navy admirals. What we didn't realize is that these two branches
of the service have always stuck to their traditional weapons, and
frequently it has taken Congress to change them.
In 1928 it was Congressman Ross Collins of Mississippi, a
member of the Military Appropriations Committee, who insisted
that the Army begin using modern tanks. He actually inserted an
appropriation in the military budget by which the Army had to
build tanks even though many generals were opposed, still clung
to the infantry.
As late as this year one cavalry general still claimed the Korean
war proved what a horrible mistake it had been to abandon the cav-
In 1914 Gen. Arthur Murray of the coast artillery wanted the
Army to take over the submarine instead of the Navy because the de-
fense of the U.S. coastline was the job of the coast artillery.
Again in 1936 it was Congressman Collins who put an appro-
priation in the military budget requiring the Air Corps to build Fly-
ing Fortresses, .the forerunner of the long-range bomber. As late as
1940, just before Pearl Harbor, the Army's general staff wanted only
six of these bombers.
NOTE 1-In Europe, Gen. Al Gruenther, Supreme Comman-
der of NATO, leans toward the British viewpoint of unbalanced
force, though he hasn't officially expressed himself.
NOTE 2-One reason speech-writer Emmett Hughes was unhappy
and left the White House was because he was called upon to write a
speech justifying Secretary Wilson's position that you could cut
$5,000,000,000 out of the Air Force and still imake it more powerful.


Gomberg House
Hayden Muse
Kappa Sigma-
Kelsey House
Lambda Chi Alpha
Michigan Christian 'pellowship
Phi Chi
Phi Delta Epsilon
Phi Delta Phi
Phi Gamma Delta
Phi Kappa Psi
Phi Kappa Tau
Phi Kappa Sigma
Phi Rho Sigma
Phi Sigma Delta x
Phi Sigma Kappa
Reeves House
Sigma Alpha Mu
Sigma Chi
Sigma Nu
Sigma Phi
Tau Delta Phi
Theta Xi
Zeta Beta Tau
October 4, 1953-
Delta Theta Phi
Phi Delta Phi

Sixty-Fourth Year
Edited and managed by students ol
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board th Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Harry Lunn..,......Managing Editor
Eric Vetter.................City Editor
virginia Voss........ Editorial Director
Mike Wolff ...Associate City Editor
Alice B. Silver. . Assoc. Editorial Director
Diane. Decker..........Associate Editor
Helene Simon.........Associate Editor
Ivan Kaye............Sports Editor
Paul Greenberg.... Assbc. Sports Editor
Marilyn Campbell:....Women's Editor
Kathy Zeisler.. Assoc. Women's Editor
Don Campbell...Head Photographer
Business Staff
Thomas Treeger......Business Manager
william Kaufman Advertising Manager
Harlean Hanin . Assoc. Business Mgr.
william Seiden......Finance Manager
James Sharp.... Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1

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