THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, JANUARY 11, 1953
U I I
Israel Stability Without Peace
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the third in at
series of interpretive editorials dealin with the
highly nationalistic Middle East. An rticle on
Iran will follow. Today: Israel's position.)
SURROUNDED by unfriendly countries,
and beset with growing social and eco-
nomic problems that will not be easily solv-
ed, the still fledgling state of Israel, with
the exception of Turkey, is an anamoly in
the turbulant Near East-a stable demo-
cratic Westernized country thrown among
states in the process of upheaval and
Israel's immediate problems are two-
fold-improving its economy and its rela-
tions with its Arab neighbors.
Israel needs money to realize extensive
industrial schemes with which it hopes to
raise the country's living standards. In the
past tPe Israeli have received Point Four
and Iport-Export Bank loans. But in
order to correct an unfavorable trade bal-
ance and develop an industry built mainly
around precision products, Israel has float-
ed a bond issue in this country which has
met with moderate success. In addition, the
reparations settlement with Germany in-
volving much needed capital equipment, and
several private bank loans have helped con-
Meanwhile discovery of copper in the
Negev desert and the possibility of oil under
its sands may be a boon to a country under
a severe austerity program.
However, the biggest block to Israel's
economic welfare still lies in the fact that
Israel cannot trade with its Arab neigh-
bors. The members of the Arab League
have maintained a fairly effective embar-
go on Israeli goods for the last few years-
--forcing Israel to turn from its natural
market and compete in South America
and Europe with more highly industrial-
ized states. Trade between Israel and the
Arab states cannot be resumed until a
peace treaty is signed.
Central to the entire situation and ren-
dering it particularly difficult of solution
is the problem of the 800,000 Palestinian
Arabs displaced by the Israelis during the
war of independence. These Arabs, after
fleeing Israel, created a severe problem in
the Arab states and are now living in camps
where they have proved fruitful pickings
for Communist agitators and a source of
Because most Arabs feel that not only
the refugees have suffered a grave injustice
but that all Arabs had a stake in the con-
flict, the Arab states have refused to ne-
gotiate a peace treaty until the refugee
problem has been settled. /They demand
what Israel can never grant - either full
THE FARE at the University Museum of
Art this month is light and easily di-
gestible, and should prove stimulating to
the palate. Three displays of prints will
adorn the galleries at Alumni Memorial
Hall through January 27th, hours 9 to 5
on week-days, Sundays 2 to 5.
Hiroshi Yoshida's work, in the North
Gallery, shows some evidence of occident-
al influences, acquired during his exten-
sive travels. "Hodaka Yama," for example,
is reminiscent of Van Gogh, allowing am-
ply for the differences in media, and for
the Japanese artist's reduction from Van
Gogh's swirling freedom to a simple and
rigidly stylized design. In this instance,
Yoshida's coloring also resembles Van
Gogh's, especially in his use of yellow.
There are some foreign scenes included in
this selection, but apart from a few traces
here and there, Yoshida doesn't depart
much from the traditions of his ancestors.
Generally both scene and treatment are
quiet: "Sunrise," a majestic rendering from
"Ten Views of Fuji" and "Kumoi Cherry"
are among his best in this vein.
Two noteworthy exceptions are his tur-
bulent "Rapids," full of motion and linear
intricacies, and his luminously eerie "0'-
Hara Beach," which he presents another de-
parture from the Japanese style, especially
in the coloring. 'According to the ifforma-
tion provided, Yoshida supervised every
step of the process very carefully, and ex-
perimented a great deal (another occidental
trait), but it wants a keener and more
practised eye than mine to discover serious
deviation' from earlier schools of Japanese
A contrast may more profitably be
drawn between Yoshida and the much
earlier Chinese prints directly across the
mezzanine. The 25 each from two series,
"Ten Bamboo" and "Mustard Seed Gar-
den," differ significantly and character-
istically from Japanese work, even when
the same subject is portrayed.
Essentially. the Chinese are less meticu-
lous in their technique, and they make no
particular * concessions to the woodblock as
a medium apart from the brush or pen.
Consequently, their work is less exact and
less complex, but at the same time more
vigorous and free, than that of their cousins
across the water. On the whole, Chinese
prints delight me the more for these rea-
sons, but dissenters may consider this a
compepsation to or complete resettlement
of all Palestinian Arabs displaced by the
war in Israeli.
The Israelis in turn argue that they did
not start the war and that it was the
Arab nations that asked the Palestinian
Arabs to leave the country, not Israel.
Israel, however, is willing to negotiate a
peace treaty immediately.
Meanwhile, the fact remains that the
Arab states have done little to help their
brethren, outside of allowing them to re-
main in their-countries. Israel has offered
to share part of the responsibility of relief
if 'the Arab countries will join them. Mean-
while, the United Nations has assumed some
of the burden of aiding the refugees,
Because of the hatred of the Arab people
toward Israel and their fear that it has
expansionist aims, none of the Arab League's
new strong men, such as Naguib of Egypt
and Shishakly of Syria, who have put
through extensive reforms and promise to
revolutionize -their backward countries, is
willing to risk popular disapproval through
the rapproachment with Israel which the
United Nations has recently recommended.
The incoming Eisenhower administra-
tion will have a difficult time in bringing
both Israel and the Arab state together
in a Middle Eastern Defense Organization.
While the Arab states, particularly Egypt,
Lebanon, and Syria, "are indispensible to
MEDO, our new government cannot afford
to rebuff Israel, which is, to a large de-
gree, an embodiment of all that the U.S.
represents. Besides, it occupies a strategic
area along the Levant seaboard and has
as strong an army as any in the area.
However, Israel has refused to join MEDO,
fearing the possibility of rearmed Arab
states renewing hostilities. To compound
difficulties, the Arab countries refuse to join
a defensive organization which includes a
state which they do not recognize.
Any policy the U.S. may follow which is
based on the contingency of a peace treaty
being signed is therefore unrealistic.
What will probably turn the trick is a
MEDO excluding Israel, and then a sep-
arate agreement with that state which
.would accord Israel military aid from the
Such an arrangement would go far to
protect our interests in that vital region
against possible encroachment from Russia
and, by diverting their interest against a
common- enemy, would perhaps provide a
basis for an eventual peace settlement lead-
ing to a stronger, more prosperous Middle
The prints from "Ten Bamboo" are all
garden scenes, including many birds, ap-
proximately half of them in color. Those
from "Mustard Seed Garden" are also hor-
ticultural studies, some with insects and
birds as the central subject, and all colored.
The coloring is more subdued and the stylis-
tic understatement greater than the Jap-
anese- again, characteristically - even al-
lowing for the chronological gulf separating
In the West Gallery is 4 generous sam-
pling of contemporary Italian prints. The
most famous (and most expensive) name
among the artists is de Chirico, but there
are easily a dozen unfamiliars whose of-
ferings I would prefer on my walls. All
of these items are for sale at from $10
up, average price between $20 and $30,
depending on the size.
Although not in the same league with
the last show to grace these same prem-
ises-natural enough, since the lithogra-
phers represented not one country only, but
the western world at large-this exhibit
includes many fine pieces and will amply
reward you for your visit. The permanent
Oriental Gallery has been gotten in shape,
and is decked out with three exquisite Chi-
nese scroll-paintings, a series of Japanese
prints, and quite a few pieces of ceramic
ware, to provide an extra fillip, all of which
should help to relieve the tedium of studying
Books at the Library
ALLEN, Frederick Lewis - The Big
change; America Transforms Itself
1900-1950. New York, Harper, 1952.
Dodds, John W.-The Age of Paradox;
A biography of England 1841-1851. New
York, Rinehart & Co., 1952.
Franklin, Sidney - Bullfighter from
Brooklyn. New York, Prentice-Hall, 1952. 2
Peattie, Donald Culross-- Sportsman's
Country. Illustrated with drawings by
Henry B. Kane. Boston, Houghton Mifflin,
Thomas, Benjamin P.-Abraham Lin-
coln: A Biography. New York, A. A.
Waugh, Evelyn-Men at Arms. Boston,
Little, Brown, 1952.
JUSTICE BRANDEIS was quite right when
MATTER OF FACT
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-The key faces are being
painted into the collective portrait of
the staff who will make American foreign
policy in the new administration.
Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, now direc-
tor of the Central Intelligence Agency,
has been asked to serve as Under Secre-
tary of State in charge of policy. The
present Deputy Under Secretary, H. Free-
man Matthews, is to continue in his pres-
ent post, as is the Assistant Secretary in
charge of Far Eastern Affairs, John Alli-
son. Henry Byroade, Assistant Secretary
for another vital and troubled area, the
Middle East, is also likely to be retained.
But Douglas MacArthur, a foreign service
officer who is the nephew of the General,
is currently slated to replace Charles E.
Bohlen as counselor of the department.
Appointments of equal interest' are also
in the wind abroad. The ambassadorship
to Italy was at first offered to Connecticut's
Governor, John Lodge. He refused, and at
his suggestion the place is now to go to
Clare Boothe Luce, wife of the publisher of
"Time" and a powerful personality in her
own right. Mrs. Luce in Rome will hold by
far the most important foreign policy post
given to a woman.
The ambassadorship to Germany has
meanwhile been offered to President James
Bryant Conant of Harvard University. The
motive here was a desire to confide the dif-
ficult German problem to the strongest
possible man, who would command the
maximum of respect. It was also desired
not to name a big businessman in this in-
stance. It seems hardly possible, nonethe-
less, that President Conant will agree to
leave his present post.
, The choice of the young New York
banker, Douglas Dillon, as Ambassador to
Paris, is not quite final as yet, owing to
political objections in New Jersey. But
the transfer to Madrid of the present
Ambassador to Paris, James Dunn, is
likely in any case. Dr. Ralph Bunche is
understood to be under consideration both
for the Ambassadorship to Moscow and
the post in New Delhi; and the former
Ambassador to MVoscow, George F. Ken-
nan, is being tipped as the replacement of
Jefferson Caffery in Egypt,
These names should be enough to con-
vey an - impression. The most interesting
aspect of the* general picture is undoubtedly
in the State Department itself,, concerning
which the future Secretary, John Foster
Dulles, has gradually altered his views.
In choosing Smith, who was Eisenhower's
Chief of Staff in the war, Dulles has plainly
signified a desire to have a State Depart-
ment team that can work as well with
Eisenhower as with himself. The same im-
pression is conveyed by the choice of Doug-
las MacArthur, whose service as political
adviser to SHAPE also brought him into
close contact with President-elect Eisen-
The Smith appointment has other
meanings as well. By now, indeed, it
would be hard to name any man in the
.American government with quite the
equal of Gen. Smith's experiences.
Finally, all these appointments-of Smith,
Matthews, MacArthur and the rest of the
State Department staff, and of the various
new ambassadors, clearly imply that there
is to be a high degree of continuity in our
foreign policy, as well as the new look that
is so often demanded. All in all, if all these
planned appointments go through as hoped,
John Foster Dulles has got off to a strong
(Copyright, 1952, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
At the State . .
THE HAPPY TIME, with Charles Boyer,
Bobby Driscoll, and Louis Jordan.
UCH OF THIS movie's charm lies in its
outspoken attitude toward relations be-
tween the sexes. Occasionally it seems to
mince along the limiting line too finely, but
mainly its gaiety is genuine and refreshing.
An excellent cast does justice to well-
drawn characters. Charles Boyer, as the
head of a French Canadian family, serves
as a point of normalcy around which his
more aberrant relatives revolve. He man-
ages to be sage and kindly without falling
into the pater familias stereotype. His
son, Bobby Driscoll, plays an awakening
youth who must be set straight.
The boy's enlightenment is complicated
by the worldly personalities of some of his
elders. One uncle, a delightful variation on
the Falstaff tradition, drinks wine from a
watercooler and is afraid of butterflies.
Another, Louis Jordan, is suave, garter col-
lecting travelling salesman. And grand-
father is a rake of the old school.
In the accepted pattern for comedy,
the movie juggles two romances and in-
terweaves them freely. Jordan dailies
with the pretty family maid who has been.
rescued from an evil vaudeville magician,
and Bobby Driscoll has the girl next door,
with braces on her teeth. But, far from
seeming contrived, the story is worked out
with a sovereign touch of humor that
makes for a lively naturalness.
The Gallic overtones provide, of course,
just the right sort of atmosphere for this
particular situation. In a way, the script
is a1most too clever for a movie: it's just
f t < P
OI -~ ~kO " am .-."
XettePJ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general Interest, and will publish all letters which are signed wy the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
r ON THE
WITH DREW PEARSON!
W'ASHINGTON-While Winston Churchill and Eisenhower debate
whether to send Chiang Kai-Shek's Nationalist troops from For- a
mosa to Korea, it is no secret to military leaders that guerrilla war-S
fare against the Chinese Communists has been under way for several o
Guerrilla ctivity has been so successful, in fact, that a small s
island, Nanjeh, not far from the Chinese mainland was captured n
recently and held for three days before a Communist task force
was able to retake it.
This may be why the Communists have diverted an estimatedo
500,000 troops to fortify the Chinese mainland. t
President-elect Eisenhower doubtless got a briefing on the guer-t
rilla operations while in Korea. So did President Truman recently c
from Congressman Sam Yorty of Los Angeles, who interviewed the I
guerrilla leaders during a trip to the Far East.
Yorty reported that the guerrillas unquestionably were get-p
ting supplies from Chiang, though there was no open liaison, the t
guerrillas were well fed and had a high morale, Yorty told Tru-b
man. Their headquarters is on the island of Kinmen, about 80f
miles from Formosa.t
The attack on Nanjeh was launched by several thousand men in a
motorized junks on the eve of a Chinese holiday.r
--FCC CHAIRMAN t
CALIFORNIA REPUBLICANS are pushing the appointment of Lewis t
Allen Weiss, former general manager of the Don Lee network ont
the West Coast, to be chairman of the Federal Communications Com- f
mission, the body which polices the radio and TV industry.
It so happens, however, that Weiss is one of the few radi'
executives ever publicly and officially reprimanded by the same
FCC which he would preside over if made chairman.
The FCC, considering renewal ofDon Lee radio stations on Dee-'
18, 1949, issued a scathing rebuke to Weiss. Specifically singling out
the head of the network by name, it concluded: "Weiss clearly ad-
mitted that he did not believe in the enforcement of commission reg-4
ulations ... it is apparent that violations of regulations were either
deliberate or the result of complete indifference."
The report contains page after page of harsh criticism of the
man now considered for chairman of te FCC. Despite this, ViceP
President-elect Nixon is pushing for Weiss's appointment, and unlesst
someone around Ike takes the trouble to read the record, he may v
get the job.p
-EISENHOWER AND ZHUKOV-
GENERAL EISENHOWER, who is famed for his ability to get along
with people, was reminiscing the other day about his ability to
get along well with Russia's Marshal Zhukov after V-E day-a rela-
tionship which Ike's political enemies tried unsuccessfully to use
against him and which Zhukov's enemies successfully used against
"We liked each other," mused Ike. "Unfortunately our friend-
ship proved disastrous to Zhukov. I remember him well. He
didn't like, or trust, Field Marshal Montgomery, the British mem-
ber of our Allied team. Zhukov was suspicious of every proposalb
Montgomery made and would find excuse after excuse to block
every ideaMontgomery presented.
"After hours of haggling over one of Montgomery's schemes,
Zhukov would glance at me out of the corner of his eye and if I liked
the proposal I'd wink my eye. He trusted me and that's all he needed.
He'd immediately end the bickering with the one English word he
NOTE-For a time Zhukov's cooperation with Eisenhower put
him in Stalin's doghouse, but he is now reported back in favor.
-VOICE OF AMERICA-
SENATOR WILLIAM Fulbright of Arkansas, veteran member of the
- Foreign Relations Committee, will, advocate some sweeping re-
forms in our foreign propaganda to combat Russia's heavily financedx
"Hate America" campaign.
Fulbright, who has just returned from a probe of our infor- t
. mation services in Europe, will recommend:
1. That Congress appropriate more money to counteract Soviet
lies, both in Free Europe and behind the iron curtain. Need for in-x
creased funds is especially evident in Berlin and Vienna, where the
Russians are spending on a lavish scale.x
2. That the Voice of America program be reduced and revamped,
using more localized "truth" broadcasts in Europe with American
help and less emphasis on blanket broadcasts.<
In addition, Fulbright will urge that "canned" U. S. movies
for European distribution be restricted. The Senator learned that
a major theme of these movies-how good we have it in the U. S.-
is distasteful to European ears. Hard-up Europeans are getting c
tired of hearing 'about the automobiles, television sets, and elec-f
tric refrigerators of our working classes.
3-That Congress encourage more "people-to-people" diplomacy z
in the battle of ideas. Fulbright found that the least criticized ands
most effective thing we are doing to promote peace and understanding
between nations is the exchange of students, labor leaders. college t
professors, news reporters, and so on.I
STEAM-ROLLER BRINGS YELP
OP Congressman Clare Hoffman of Michigan sized up the House
Republican caucus with 100 per cent accuracy when GOP congres-
, mpf fn +o h-i nnfa.i in , na-cf *n..n a 9rACn n'.-A 0 nn +uin s+ I-Iat
LYL Statement . . . American English newspapers to
condemn British brutality in Ken-
To The Editor. ya. The subject matter dealt spe-
W E WELCOME a discussion of cifically with that part of the
the LYL and its program. But continent.
in the present series, our program Unfortunate indeed that this
and its merits is not being discuss- student should ignore entirely the
°d in a serious way. Rather, the contents of my letter and instead
author, with the air of a detective, scrutinize with anthropological
prefers to reveal "secrets" which curiosity, the racial dissimilari-
are already common knowledge or ties between the African ("black")
are available in League publica- and myself (Asian) to cast a spur-
tions. ious reflection on my citizenship.
Naming names, making well- I would have certainly welcomed
known things look mysterious, a reply based on the merits of the
etc.-these are the tactics of Mc- letter.
Carthy. Zander Hollander, ac- In the first place, I am primar-
cepting these tactics, plays the ily concerned with the events in
role of informer, serves the Un- South Africa. And I do believe.
American Committee, and pre- that a voteless minority (or a
pares himself as a "friendly" majority for that matter), rele-
witness. gated to sub-human status by vir-
What is the purpose of "red" in- tual denial of the most elementary
vestigatiohs? Is it to identify democratic rights, is perfectly jus-
Communists? No, it is primarily tifled in appealing to the con-
to intimdate ordnary people, to science of the world for moral
deter them from expressing the support. But why should New
slightest criticism, to bulldoze Delhi be left out?
them into accepting the word and Ninety percent of the Indians in
policy of the authorities without South Africa are native born. And
question. I am sure the same applies to the
Why is the Un-American Corn- majority of the "whites." Of
mittee planning to investigate course, the figures may not be as
Universities? Not because there high percentwise for the latter
are many Communists there. But group since citizenship is acquired
because Universities are the birth- through naturalization for immi-
places of ideas, and ideas are the grants, limited for Europeans
deadly enemy of authoritarianism. only. Therefore, your theorizing
The program of the Un-Americans about Indians is irrelevant.
demands that the American peo- In case Rhoda Barry is little
ple conform to their ideas without behind the news, it might interest
question. They dread the least her to know that Dr. J. L. "Z.
ndependence of thought. With Njongwe, President African Na-
an enlightened people, the Un- tional Congress stated, "The great-
A~mericans know they can never est achievement of our Defiance
succeed in destroying our heritage Campaign has been the welding
of human rights. of a common South African out-
Supervision of thought, re- look between Indians and Afri-
search, study, etc., is one of the cans." Need I say more on the
most repugnant ideas to the vast matter?
majority of Americans. Students The slogan, "Africa for the Af-
will never sdbmit to the indignity ricans" is appropriate, to the'
of having some committee tell point and means just what it says.
them what to study and what to Surely Miss Barry does not expect
think. They will never tolerate the Africans to adopt, "Africa for
conditions of study under which 'whites' only!"
investigators snoop around the The future of that Continent
classrooms. lies, not as my South African
The Un-Americans do not ex- friend claims, "in the laps of the
pect to frighten us, members of gods," but right in our laps-her's,'
the LYL. This they cannot do, mine and approximately 200,000,-
because we are confident of the 000 other Africans.
future. They do wish to frighten
those workers, teachers, students
and others whom they hope will
panic, forget their own strength,
and overestimate the strength of
the snoopers. There is no doubt
this will not be the case, but that
the students and faculty will de-
fend their own interests by say-
ng, Hands off! No tampering
For the Labor Youth League
* * a .
South Africa . .
To The Editor:
N THE LETTER to the Chicago
Daily News to which Rhoda
Barry, South African student at
he University of Illinois refers
when publicly attempting to "un-
Africanize" me, I quoted several
(Continued from Page 2)
Orders for season tickets (6 concerts)
-$11.00, $9.00 and $8.00 each; are being
accepted at the officers of the Uni-
versity Musical Society, and field in
Musueum of Art, Alumni Memorial
Hall Contemporary Italian Prints,
Prints by Hiroshi Yoshida, and "Ten
Bamboo" ahd "Mustard Seed Garden"
Prints. Jan. 6Jan. 27. Weekdays 9 to 5.
Sundasys 2 to 5. The public is invited.
Congregational Disciples Guild. 7
p.m., Congregational Church: Students
who attended the USCC Conference in
Baltimore over vacation will share
their experiencesand lead a discus-
sion on the ideas they brought back.
Michigan Christian Fellowship. Dis-
cussion of "What Christ Means to Me"
by student panel, 4 p.m., Fireside Room,
Lane Hall. Everyone welcome. Refresh-
Evangelical and Reformed Guild. 7
p.m., Lane Hall. Discussion: Why Spend
Our Time and Money on Them?" Ko-
Wesleyan Guild. 9 a.m., Discussion
class: Understanding the Christian
Faith-The Atonement. 5:30 p.m., Fel-
lowship supper. 6:45 p.m., Discussion
on American Friends Service Committee
film-A Time for Greatness- which
will be shown.
Lutheran Student Association: 7 p.m.,
Lutheran Student 9enter. Colored
slides of Medieval Europe will be
shown and explained.
Westminister Guild: 10:30 a.m., Bi-
ble Seminar in the Music Room. 6:30
p.m., Dr. Wayne Whittaker will speak
on the "North Atlantic Union."
-L. V. Naidoo
* ,* *,
Flint, not Detroit . .
To the Editor:
IN YOUR Thursday issue, you
stated that your picture of Ad-
lai Stevenson in "A Review of
1952" was taken in Detroit on La-
bor Day. We believe that a close
check will reveal that the picture
was taken at Flint Park in Flint,
Michigan, by a Flint Journal pho-
tographer, Bill Gallagher.
((EDITOR'S NOTE: As one of its
senior editors, who was then working
as a reporter for the Flint Journal,
was standing directly behind Ste-
venson when Gallagher took the pic-
ture, The Daily stands corrected on
this score. 'The Daily does not wish
to take any thing away from an ex-
cellent photographer and a great city.)
Slide Rule Ball Committee. The ini-
tial meeting for engineers interested
in planning the annual Slide Rule Ball
will be held Tues., Jan. 13, 7 p.m.,
Michigan Technic office, 205 West En-
gin. Annex. Everyone is welcome. The.
dance is scheduled for March 13.
La P'tite Causette will meet tomor-
row from 3:30 to 5 p.m. in the North"
Cafeteria of the Michigan Union.
U. of M. Rifle Club will meet Tues.,
Jan. 13, at 7:15 p.m., R.O.T.C. Rifle
Motion Picture. Twenty-minute film,'
"Alaska, Eskimo Hunters," shown
Mon. through Fri. at 10.30, 12:30, 3 and
4 o'clock,4th floor, University Museums
Edited and managed by studenti of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control 'a
Crawford Young......Managing Editor
Barnes Connable.......City Editor
Cal Sam ra..........Editorial Director.
Zander Hollander......Feature Editor
Sid Klaus........Associate City Editor
Harland Brits........Associate Editor
Donna Hendleman.....Associate Editor
Ed Whipple...............Sports Editor
John Jenks......Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewell.....Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine Butler......Wowen's Editor
Mary Jane Mills, Assoc. Women's Editor
Al Green..............Business Manager
Milt Goetz........Advertising Manager
Diane Johnston....Assoc. Business Mgr.
Judy Loehnberg......Finance Manager
Tom Treeger.. Circulation Manager