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January 08, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-01-08

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BEHIND THE LINES
See Page 4

IYL

Latest Deadline in the State

:43 a t I

CLOUDY AND COLD

CLOUDY AND COLD

. LXIII, No. 75

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 8, 1953

SIX PAGES

SIX PAGES

House Un-American Activities Group

To

Probe

U'

* * *

4>

*

*

*

*

*

I

Shifts in Red Line
Reflecteda'U'
YCL Seen as Direct Predecessor
To Present Labor Youth League
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second in a series of interpretive articles
dealing with the activities of the Communist Party and Communist-front
r organizations in Ann Arbor and at the University.)
By' ZANDER HOLLANDER
Daily Feature Editor
The Comhmunist Party "line" has taken many a shift and turn
since the beginning of its organized attempt to indoctrinate American
youth.I
Every time Party leaders spoke echoes have been heard in Ann
Arbor. The period which these articles cover begins with the Young
Communist League and ends with YCL's direct descendant, the Labor
Youth League.
YCL first reared its head on campus in October of 1937, al-
though it is reputed to have held irregular meetings for five years
before that time. Though it reportedly reached a peak growth of
80 members, it obediently folded on Party orders in 1941.
This paralleled the Party's own decision to "disband after a
fashion-though reconstituting itself into the fairly innocuous Com-
munist Political Association.
Why?
CONSIDER THE TIMS. The Soviet Union was fighting for its
continued existence. The western democracies were under the Ger-
man heel. Pearl Harbor was only months away.
In a recent Daily interview, Balza Baxter, current state chair-
mn of the LYL, gave the answer: "The Young Communist League
dissolved itself in the interests of welding American youth into a
united front against the Nazis." '
American Youth for Democracy was the "united front," Baxter
admitted.
r* * t * 3
DOMINATED BY FORMER big guns of the earlier Communist
youth movement like Leon Wofsy, Mel Williamson and Joe Bucholt,
AYD's state outlet was Michigan Youth for Democratic Action.
Neither AYD nor MYDA was wholly subservient, to the Commu-
nist cause, however. AYD's membership of more than 1300 college
students in the state insured that. The University branch, apprqved
by the Student Affairs Committee in January 1944, was one of the
least tainted of more than 60 university chapters around the country.
Buton November 29, 1945, the National 'Board of the Party decided
to reclaim its own and the process of forcing and frightening non-
Communists out of controlling ,posts in AYD began. In a "Memoran-
dum on Youth Work and Policy," revealed to governmental authorities
by FBI agent Matthew Cvetic, the Board stated:
"In relation to AYD, the party should specifically give assist.
ance through.
(a) Improved guidance to Communists in the youth move-
anent.
(b) Training and assigning personnel, especially from among
returning veterans to the youth movement.. . "
Less than a year later, Edward Shaffer, then 23 years old and
fresh from a hitch in Europe with the U.S. Army combat engineers,
returned to the University, where he had studied under Army auspices
during the war.

Committee
Sets Wayne
Investigation
Search for Reds
In 25 Colleges
By. BARNES CONNABLE
Daily City Editor
Alleged Communist activity a
the University will undergo in
vestigation by the House Un
American Activities Committee, i
was revealed yesterday.
The re-constituted Committee
to be headed by ex-FBI agen
Rep. Harold H. Velde (R-Ill.), i
expected to swing into action
sometime this year on testimon
by witnesses that Red cells have
operated on the University cam
pus. Michigan and Wayne Uni
versity are included in a. list o
25 colleges to be probed in the
near future.
REP. VELDE said yesterday in
Washington that investigations o:
the two state institutions and
Ford Local 600 (UAW-CIO) wil
probably be held simultaneously
either in Detroit or the nation's
capitol.
The gigantic CIO union was
the chief target during two weeks
of hearings in Detroit last Feb-
ruary and March by a House
sub-committee under the chair-
manship of Rep. John S. Wood
(D-Ga.)
The packed District Court room
also heard FBI undercover worker
Bereniece "Toby"Baldwin cite
three CP cells in Ann Arbor.
Mrs. Baldwin and Bella V.
Dodd, who named the University
in testimony last September in
Washington as harboring Com-
munist faculty members, will be
called as witnesses in the new
investigation.
No students or faculty members
were subpoenaed by the Commit-
tee last year. Chairman Wood told
The Daily at that time his group
had no information which would
warrant looking into the Univer-
sity.
* * *
FIVE UNIVERSITY alumni were
called to testify during the hear-
ings as to membership in the Com-
munist Party. The former students,
who refused to answer key ques-
tions, were:
Robert Cummins, Daily Asso-
ciate Editor in 1936-37, cited for
activities in Michigan Youth for
Democratic Action; John Cher-
veny, ex-president of MYDA's
Detroit chapter; Lebrdn Sim-
mons, who spoke in the off-
campus genocide debate last
spring; Raphael Haskell, re-
ported as active in the now-de-
funct Young Communist Lea-
gue, and Elliott "Ace" Maraniss,
Daily Editorial Director in 1939-
40.
Jackson printer Wayne Salis-
bury also cited alumnus Jack
Gore, first state chairman of the
Labor Youth League, as a Com-
munist.
Of the six, only Simmons' name
does not appear in the Commit-
tee's annual report. A petition to
hear Simmons on campus last
pring was granted by the Uni-
versity Lecture Committee but he
put in an off-campus appearance
when fellow debater Ann Shore
was banned.
*, * *
BEST KNOWN locally among
hose who appeared before the
,ommittee was Arthur McPhaul,
xecutive secretary of Michigan's
ivil Rights Congress branch, who

was banned from speaking here
ast March.
McPhaul has since been cited for
ontempt of Congress as a result
f his reluctance to reply to the
louse group's queries in the Motor
!ity.-
Another un-cooperative wit-
ness, student Lorraine Meisner,
was suspended by Wayne Uni-
versity. Twenty-three other wit-
nesses also relied on the fifth
amendment privilege.
A "top-secret" cell at Lansing,
evolving Michigan State teachers,
vas cited at the hearings but MSC
resident John A. Hannah quick-
y denied the presence of any Com-
nunist on the Spartan faculty.

TRO

A

R

S

STALl

OF

UoS.

TO

Ic

IGHT

IC

MSC Head
To Assume
'Defense Job
NEW YORK-(I)-President-
elect Dwight D. Eisenhower today
f named John A. Hannah, president
of Michigan State College, to re-
place Mrs. Anna Rosenberg as
assistant secretary of defense in
charge of manpower and person-
f nel.
The 51-year-old educator, of
East Lansing, Mich., is taking a
leave of absence from the college
to accept the appointment, it was
announced by James C. Hagerty,
press secretary to tfle President-
elect.
* * *
HANNAH, a Republican, will re-
ceive a salary of $15,000. a year
in the post.
His appointment was an-
nounced, Hagerty said, after Eis-
enhower conferred with Charles
E. Wilson, who will be secretary
of defense in the new admin-
istration.
The educator had conferred with
Eisenhower at the President-elect's
Commodore Hotel headquarters
last week.
* * *
A NATIVE of Grand Rapids,
Mich., Hannah received his bach-
elor of science degree from Mich-
igan State College at East Lansing
in 1923 and he has been connected
with that institution ever since.
He became president of the college
in 1941.
Hannah was president of the
American Association of Land
Grant Colleges and Universities
in 1949 and chairman of the as-
sociation's executive committee
in 1950 and 1951.
Hannah also is a director of the
Detroit branch of the Federal Re-
serve Bank of Chicago and of the
Michigan Bell Telephone Com-
pany.
During the spring of 1952, he
served as chairman of the na-
tional conference on international
economicnand social development
in Washington.
State Treasurer
Address YR's d
D. Hale Brake, State Treasurer,
will talk to campus Young Repub-
licans at 8 p.m. today in the Un-
ion on "Problems of the State of
Michigan."
Brake has served as State Treas-
urer for five terms, and has just
been elected to his sixth term. He
is' also chief Republican on the
State Administration Board.
Before the meeting, YR offi-
cers will hold a dinner for Brake1
and their faculty advisers.

-Daily-Don Campbell
DELUSION-Although this shot of campus from t he Union tower pictures Ann Arbor as somewhat of
a winter wonderland, the weather bureau repor ts less than two inches of snow on the ground
and no signs of the first heavy snowfall of the se ason.
Michigan Pucksters Blank MSC, 6-0

O-

See MYDA'S, Page 2

World News
Roundup
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK - Old friends
Dwight Eisenhower and Winston
Churchill last night held their
third private conference in as
many days-an hour and a half
talk which ended without a clue as
to what was discussed.
* * *
SEOUL - U.S. Sabre jets
scored three , times yesterday
against Communist MIGs while
swarms of bombers riddled the
ragged enemy rail network and
blew up 80 Red trucks along the
roads.
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
State Acheson in a farewell speech
to American diplomats predicted
yesterday that "wicked, unfound-
ed" criticisms of the State De-
partment would continue under
President-elect Eisenhower's -ad-
ministration,
* * *
SEATTLE - A chartered
transport plane carrying 37 sol-
diers on the last long leg of their
homeward trip from the Far
East was missing yesterday
over mountainous country of
Southeast Idaho or Wyoming.
WASHINGTON-The Army has
ordered immediate vaccinatipn for
all United Nations troops in Korea
and American forces in Europe in
a move to offset the threat of
widespread influenza.
* * *

Irate Michigan
House To Quit
QuadCouncil
s
Michigan House voted to secede
r from the West Quad Council by a
s vote of 33 to 14 late last night.
f The move will automatically cosi
them their seat on the Inter-House
Council.
The secession followed on t;ne
heels of a vote by the IHC Tuesday
night to establish a panel of two
men from each quadrangle to re-
solve the controversy over Michi-
gan House's representative to the
West Quad Council, Bert Braun,
THE IHC's motion was passed
over opposition from Michigan
House representatives who favored
referring their delegate's case to
Men's Judiciary. Prior to this
Men's Judiciary had offered to act
as arbitrator in the case if both
Michigan House and the West
Quad Council would agree to abide
by its decision. The Council would
not agree to this arbitration.
The Michigan House meeting
was marked by strong debate on
both the Braun case and the
related question of secession.
One faction felt that if no def-
mite action were taken it would
be giving in to certain- Quad
Council leaders,
Others voiced the opinion that
the secession was being made be-
cause of the principles and con-

G
t' n
d
(
s]
I
p
t t
c
e)
C
C{
i
Pr
ly

By PAUL GREENBERG
special To The Daily
EAST LANSING--The Wolver-
ine hockey squad, playing with-
out its star wing John McKennell,
whitewashed an inept Michigan
State sextet 6-0 here last night.
TABLED:
Vote Delayed
On Filibuster
WASHINGTON-UP)-The Sen-
ate disposed of the filibuster issue,
at least temporarily, yesterday as
the 83rd Congress got ready f~r
the incoming Eisenhower admin-
istration and a new legislative pro-
gram.
A motion to change the Senate
rules and make it harder to carry
on time-consuming filibusters was
tabled by a vote of 70 to 21.
A bloc of 19 senators had tried
to push the motion through in the
opening days of the new session
in order to clear the way for civil
riglits measures, which Southern
Democrats traditionally talk to
death.
Senate Majority Leader Taft of
Ohio allowed the subject to be de-
bated for two days and then, late
yesterday afternoon, succeeded in
having the motion tabled.

Doug Mullen, Reg Shave, George
Chin and Doug Philpott led
Michigan's offense while goalie
Willard Ikola burned in a mas-
terful job in the nets, garnering
his first shutout of the season.
Both Mullen and Shave, the
two redheads, got a pair of goals
and an assist while Chin tied
them for the evenings scoring
honors with one score and two
assists. Philpott got the last goal
of the evening and picked up an
assist on Shaves' second score.
THE WIN pushed Michigan in-
to a first-place tie in the Midwest
Hockey League race with Denver
University, both teams having
racked up seven points. The Pio-
neers have lost one more game,
than the Wolverines who have
captured four and lost one in
league play.
The Maize and Blue chances
of moving up in the race for
the bunting rests with a two
game series that Denver plays
with the rugged Sioux of North
Dakota University. North Da-
kota has won four straight in
league play and is tied for third''
place with thrice-beaten Colo-
rado College.
Coach Vic Heyliger employed
two makeshift lines in last night'sj
game, the move being necessitat-
ed by McKennell's temporary sus-
pension. Philpott, erstwhile cen-
ter on the second line, moved up
to McKennell's left wing slot with

Jim Haas switching over from
the defense to center for wings
Pat Cooney and Chin.
* * .*
HEYLIGER used Alex McClel-
lan, Shave and Lou Paolatto on
See ICERS, Page 3
CABINET:
SL Appoints
New Officer
Elections and appointments cap-
tured the main spotlight at last
night's Student T,egiela ture meet-
ing.
Janet Netzer, '54, presently
chairman of the Campus Actiun
Committee won election to the re-
cording secretary's post vacated
Tuesday by Robin Glover, '53. Miss
Netzer defeated Ruth Rossner, '55.
Just before this election, Miss
Rossner and veteran legislator
Phil Berry, GAad., were approved.
to fill SL seats caused by the
resignations of Miss Glover and
Sue Waldis, '53.
SL vice-president Bob Nears,
54, was selected to sit as one
of the two student representa-
tives to the Lecture Committee.
replacing Berry.
Members also designated the
Nov. 21 Ohio State game as Home-
coming Game for 1953.

Cites Recent
Development
Of 'Weapons
Sees Russian
Doom in War
WASHINGTON-()-President
Truman yesterday warned Soviet
Premier Stalin to steer clear of
war or risk destruction of"the
Russian homeland by awesome
new U. S. atomic weapons per-
haps ,even dwarfing the hydrogen.
"hell" bomb.
And to the incoming Republican
administration of President-elect
Dwight D. Eisenhower, Truman
bade Godspeed in coping with the
grave problems that lie ahead.
With it he coupled this admoni-
tion: "We must stick to our guns
and carry out our policies."
IN A FAREWELL "state of the
union" message to Congress, the
President addressed himself di-
rectly to Stalin as he cautioned
the Soviet premier that vast strides
in the development of American
atomic weapons and growing West-
ern military srength would doom
Russia in the event of another
great war.
Bluntly, the President told
Stalin that war between the
East and West would spell "ruin
for your regime and your home-
land."
Such a war is not possible for
rational men, he said. He declared
it ccguld send Western civilization
down to ruin along with Russia.
HINTING that the development
of even more fearsome weapons
than the H-bom may be. in the
offing,,Truman told Congress:
"Recently, in the thermonu-
clear hydrogen bomb tests at
Eniwetok, we have entered an-
other stage in the world-shak-
ing development of atomic
energy.
"We have no reason to think
that the stage we have now
reached will be the last. We are
being hurried . forward, in our
mastery of the atom, from one dis-
covery to another, toward yet un-
forseeable peaks of destructive
power."
THE PRESIDENT'S 10,000-word
message, read aloud by clerks in
both houses of Congress and
broadcast by radio throughout the
world, drew a mixed reception o
Capitol Hill.
Senator Ellender (D-La.) said
he hoped it foreshadowed "the
time when we can serve an ul-
timatum on the Russians to halt
the cold war and the war in
Korea or fight."
Ellender added: "I hope we can
do that late this year."
Senator 'waft (R-O.) comment-
ed that the handling of foreign
policy under Mr. Truman had been
"so full of error" that the -Eisen-
hower administration is left "with
the most dangerous foreign prob-
lem this country has ever faced."
FEWER THAN 100 of the 433
House members were on hand as
George Maurer, the reading clerk,
read the text of the long mnessage.
Many of the lawmakers paid no
attention. Some read newspapers.
Others chatted.
High UTN Official
Quits Under Fire
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.-(A)

WAYNE PLEDGES COOPERATION:
Inquiry Draws Faculty Skepticism

By VIRGINIA VOSS
and MARK READER j
"The Committee won't find
much Communist activity here."
This was the reaction among
University faculty members and
students queried last night on re-
ports that the House Un-Ameri-
can Activities Committee will in-
vestigate Communist influence on
campus.
* * *
PRESIDENT Harlan H. Hatcher
..- n- rn,. . -

At Wayne University, also men-
tioned for House inquiry, acting
president Clarence B. Hilberry
said, "We will offer the committee
our full cooperation, such as we
have extended to any group try-
ing to make an unbiased and ob-
jective study of educational policy
and procedure."
* * *
SEVERAL members of the fac-
ulty claimed that an investiga-
tion would be "an unwarranted in-
trusionn."

local Communist activity were "ac-
curate," and that the Committee
probably would not find any ad-
ditional information.
"Such an investigation is al-
ways damaging to the atmosphere
an educational institution ought
to have," Emeritus Prof. John
Shephard of the psychology de-
partment and faculty adviser of
campus Young Progressives com-
mented.
* * *
vrATJfI'N nea d- A Q..,n

School said that he was "not aware
of any principle precluding fed-
eral action "in the field, even
though the State might have al-
ready secured loyalty oaths.
The inquiry is justifiable from
a legal standpoint if the Commit-
tee's aim is Congressional legis-
lation, Prof. George Peek of the
political science department noted.
"If members of the student
community are called upon by
the Congressional committee, I
.m nnni -on -h + a _ V _m nn

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