WEDNE9DAY, YANJARY 7, 19533
Prof. Arthur Boak, Richard
Hudson Professor of Ancient His-
tory, outlined the conditions of
the urban population leading to
the decline of the Roman Em-
pire in the third of the Jerome
lecture series on "Manpower in
the Western Roman Empire" last
Working from his theory "an
urban population tends to decline
if there is no immigration," Prof.
Boak explained the factors re-
sponsible for the fall of the Em-
"THE SOURCES of the city
population came from the rural
areas and the importation of
slaves," he said. He explained fur-
ther that by the fourth century
there were less people in rural
communities, and slaves were be-
ing used more for colonization.
"As early as 235 A.D. the towns
had started declining because of
civil wars, barbarian raids, pov-
erty, famineand thes20 year
plague," the professor said.
Because of the great shortage of
manpower the government passed
compulsory heredity status laws
forcing laborers to work in the
same trade as their fathers, he
"In the fourth century, 250,-
000 Romans were on the dole,"
Prof. Boak said. The govern-
ment took the responsibility of
making sure that provisions
were on the market.
Citing another example of the
small urban population, Prof.
Boak said Bordeaux, which was
the third largest city in the Em-
pire, covered only 58 acres.
Hughes cooperative plan for
Purpose TO ASSiST outstanding graduates in
obtaining their Master of Science De-
grees while employed in industry and
makn sgniicnt contributions to itn-
Eligibility June 1953 college graduates and mem-
bers of the armed services being honor-
ably discharged prior to September,
1953, holding degrees in the following
Those chossen to participate in this plan
will be from the upper portion of their
graduating classes and will have evi-
denced outstanding ability. They must
also have displayed some degree of crea-
tive ability and possess personality traits
enabling them to work well with others.
Citizenship Applicants must be United States citi-
zens, and awards will be contingent upon
obtaining appropriate security clearance,
as work at the Hughes Research and
Development Laboratories may be re-
.lated to National Defense projects
Universities Candidates for Master of Science De-
grees must meet the entrance require-
me nts f or a dv ance d stu dy at the
University of California at Los Angeles
or the University of Southern California.
Program Under this Cooperative Plan, commenc-
ing June 1953, participants will follow
this schedule of employment at Hughes:
FULL TIME-from June, 1953 to Sel't., 1953.
HALFjTIME-from Sept., 1953 to June, 1954.
FULL TIM E-from June, 1954 to Sept., 1954-.
HALF TIME-from Sept., 1954 to June, 1955.
Recipients will earn five-eighths of a
normal salary each year and attend a
M AST E R
university half time during regular ses-
sions working on their Master's Degree.
The salary will be commensurate with Salaries
the individual's ability and experience,
and will reflect the average in the elec-
tronics industry. Salary growth will be
on the same basis as for full-time mem-
bers of the engineering staff. In addition,
the individuals will be eligible for health,
accident, and life insurance benefits, as
well as other benefits accruing to full-
For those residing outside of the South-
ern California area, actual travel and.
moving expenses will be allowed up to
ten per cent of the full starting annual
Tuition, admission fee, and required
books at either the University of Cali-
fornia at Los Angeles or the University
of Southern California, covering the re-
quired number of units necessary to ob-
tain a Master's Degree, will be provided
by Hughes Research and Development
Approximately one hundred Coopera-
tive Awards are made each year, if suf-
ficient qualified candidates present them-
Candidates will be selected by the Com-
mittee for Graduate Study of the HughesI
Research and Development Labora-
Application forms should be obtained,
prior to February 15, 1953. Completed
applications accompanied by up-to-date
grade transcripts must be returned not
later than February 28, 1953. Selections
will be made during the month cf
Address correspondence to
COMMITTEE FOR GRADUATE STUDY
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