100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

December 18, 1952 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1952-12-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

PAGE FOUlt

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

THURSDAY, DECEMBER18, 1952

IU

-

LETTERS FROM SCOTLAND:
The Scottish Student

MUSIC

"Okay, Ike - Here It Is"

MATTER OF

FACT

EDINBURG-H, Scotland-It is easy enough
to point out physical differences between
.a typical American university like Michigan,
and Edinburgh. The proper study of man-
kind, however, being other men, it is only
fitting that some attempt, however ill-
judged, be made toward characterizing the
Scottish student.
I might preface my remarks by saying
that this subject has been the topic of
innumerable lengthy discussions within
'the last month or so. No conclusions of an
absolute nature were ever reached, and
it doesn't appear likely that any will be.
So my opinions cannot be regarded as
unconsidered, but are quite likely to be
swayed by certain unaccountable person-
al biases.
In many ways, the Scottish student (the
Edinburgh student, that is, a catagory
.which includes people from all over Britain)
is basically more mature than his American
equal. In the United States there has al-
ways appeared to me to be a fairly well de-
fined period of semi-maturity, lasting for
two or three years, and falling between
graduation from high school and a student's
upper-class years of college.
Generally speaking, this is a time devoted
to social activities of an educative nature,
to learning to get along in a world divorced
from home, and, in many cases, to reach
conclusions about what one wishes to do
for the rest of his life.
So far as I can determine, that period
does not even exist here. By the time the
Scottish student comes up to the uni-
versity, at the age of 17 or 18, he is ex-
pected to have made up his mind about a
career, to have in fact begun preparigg
himself for it, and is, in most respects,
regarded as an adult.
The effects of*this are far-reaching, and
manifest themselves in ways which, at first
sight, seem quite inexplicable to Americans.
For example, one of the first things I
heard spoken of here, with mild sniggers,
was the Union Palais. This turned out to
be a dance, held on Saturday night in the
Men's Union ballroom, a rather gross ver-
sion of a Freshman Mixer at Michigan. I was
told that the same thing went on every
Saturday night. Most of the dances given
on campus, execpt for the large balls, are.
stag affairs, and many resemble nothing so
much as a post-football game "dime dance"
at a high school back home.

An American finds the Scottish student
rather reserved, an attitude which he is
liable to mistake at first for a total lack of
enthusiasm. But effusion has never been a
Scottish trait, and lack of it by no means
denotes stolidity. I stress this point, because
many things can be traced from it. The Brit-
ish sense of humor, depending as it does
on careful understatement, is an example.
More important is the general absence of
artifiiciality and sham is personal contacts,
a factor all too prominent in American col-
legiate life.
In an earlier article, mention was made
of the higher educational standards in ev-
idence here. This, again, is rather a.
mixed generalization. Since the British
student must decide early what he intends
to study, he is in effect concentrating the
moment he gets to the university. Any
"liberal education" he will have must be
secured in secondary school, and if, for
example, he wants to be a lawyer, he leads
off in his first year with Roman law,
jurisprudence, and public international
law, to the exclusion, obviously, of every-
thing else.
So within one's own field, standards are
higher. But, unless his secondary schooling
was of a rather high caliber, the student is
liable to be something of a clod in matters
outside of his speciality. In all fairness, it
should be said that in most cases, that
schooling has provided a more effective "lib-
eral education" than Michigan has ever been
able to give. on the university level.
Early maturity, and hence, early spec-
ialization, while entirely laudable in many
ways, tends to force out one element--
creativity, the exploring spirit. Subject-
ed to the continual pressure of advanced
academic work, presented in a thorough-,
ly academic tradition, it is much simpler
for the Scottish student to become a
pedant than a thinker. Perhaps that is a
natural concomitant of the system. But it
is a little discouraging to see the mea-
gerness of the bi-weekly student maga-
zine, and to realize that no one would
dream of teaching creative writing.
Generalizations are the bane, but also
the basis of an article like this. For that
reason, I hope they will be excused. And if
I may be further excused for making a.
hackneyed observation, Britain and Ameri-
ca have a lot to learn from each other. At
this point in the world's affairs. we would
both be perfect fools to be narrow.
- Chuck Elliot

At Hill Auditorium .

. .

CHRISTMAS CONCERT by the University
of Michigan Choirs, under the direction
of Maynard Klein. Soloists; Meredyth
Manns, Joyce Thomas, lary Mattfeld, June
Howe, Ruth Orr, Mary Tinkham, Joan St.
Denis, Arthur Jones, Donald VanEvery,
David Murray, Russell Christopher, Robert
Kerns. Harpist; Margery Milks. Organist;
Phillip Steinhaus.
The tone of this concert was that of a
Pop Concert, and taken as such it showed
the usual shortcomings of these "light"
presentations.bThe demandfor concerts of
this type has been greatly increased in the
past decade, partly because of their pop-
ularity with the American public, but also
because of the flooding-the-market, "isn't
this nice, now buy it," tactics of the radio,
phonograph and television.-
This is not an accusation that Mr. Klein
is guilty of gross commercialism. Rather it
is a plea that choral concerts do not become
overburdened with insubstantial music.
This was the same choir that last year
performed the "St. Matthew Passion," and
that has for the past five years continually
presented the campus with the best in choral
music. But last night's concert demonstrated
that the lack of significant music only leaves
a concert incomplete.
Christmas carols, like "Silent Night," or
Gevaert's "Chanson Joyeuse de Noel" are
perfectly delightful in themselves, and
musically not slight. However when they
are presented in too large a quantity, or
coupled with slight arrangements, like
the hybrid Holst version of "Christmas
Day," or schmaltz compositions, Healy
Willan's "The Three Kings" or Dale's
"Rosa Mystica," then all their character
is lost in a maze of triviality.
The concert began on a note of optimism
with three works by Gabrieli, Palestrina, and
Bach. Perfomance here was uniformly good,
though the tenors suffered from lack of vocal
manpower and ability. The Palestrina was
the apex of the program. Here is music
simple in structure, yet profound in emo-
tional depth. The choir sang it with facile
clarity, and with a beautifully expressive
tone.
Following was the Britten, "Ceremony of
Carols," which is an effective panorama of
yuletide moods. After this the degeneration
set in. An interesting addition, however, was
the "Noe, Alleluia, Noe," by Hans T. David.
It is a highly contrapuntal work, certainly
choral in conception, but a bit too long. A
more definite sense of direction as to cli-
max would be desired.
All in all, a large work of musical conse-
quence would have aided the program im-
measurably, and placed it on a par with
the many other excellent choral concerts
that Mr. Klein has given us.
-Donald Harris
DORIS FLEESON:
Sen. Taft &
GOP Controil

,..
d" s 4:n S :,Y

' :;
,,. : :.
, a .
.
z
.: " '"'

°^.1

c.,." w -,,
' . _

.
1

F f

:_
'
,.
yY A.
' - °f
''
-<
. :
.
_ . "' .
t ' _. e
,
't4s';'sHErt S tt,1GTO*t t' oS r ae...

ON THE
Washiton Merry-Go-Round
with DREW PEARSON

WASHINGTON-Now that Eisenhower Is
back, more can be written about his
Korean talks. Actually the talks consisted
of a series of bull sessions at which military
strategy was hashed over far into the night.
Gen. James Van Fleet is a West Point
classmate of Eisenhower's. Gen. Mark
Clark served under him in North Africa.
Gen. Omar Bradley is also a classmate.
So they all sat around in the evenings,
mulling over Korean problems and alter-
natives.
The sessions sometimes lasted until after
midnight, which was one reason activity
during the daytime was restricted. Eisen-
hower told the military chiefs when he ar-
rived that he was completely exhausted,
has had no real rest for six months, that
the so-called vacation at Augusta, Ga., was
a bust. That was the chief reason, inci-
dentally for the slow trip home by cruiser
and the stopover in Hawaii.
Some of the things that can be told about
the Generals' bull sessions, without involving
security, follow:
y1. Van Fleet assured that UN forces were
strong enough defensively to hold the Chi-
nese armies no matter what force they threw
against us.
2. General Clark offered three alterna-
tives:
A. Continue to pound the enemy within
the present confines of the war, trying to
chew up enemy forces and discourage
them, but not advance.'
B. Go into Manchuria by air and des-
troy supply bases there.
C. Go into Manchuria by air and si-
multaneously advance to the border of
Manchuria by land.
Clark warned that he could give no as-
surance the Chinese would not continue the
war from Manchuria once we got up to the
border.
Eisenhower made no definite commitment
on what course to follow.
NOTE-General Clark suggested that Eis-
enhower leave Korea after being there only
two days. He feared a bombing attack by
enemy planes. Ike said no, that he would
stay three days.
EISENHOWER PIPELINE
THE POLITICAL orders radioed to Eisen-
hower headquarters in New York from
the Cruiser Helena in Mid-Pacific were
signed not by Eisenhower, but by the man
who will be his Attorney General-Herbert
Brownell. In other words, Dewey's right-
hand man will be the big political gun of the
Eisenhower administration . . . Patronage
Boss Brownell has made a concession to

Brockbank, head of the National Association
of Home Builders, to be Eisenhower's new
head of Federal housing . . . . There are
still plenty of hotel accommodations avail-
able for people who want to see the inau-
guration. If you want a room, contact the
Republican national committee's housing
enemy planes. Ike said no, that he would
GOOD NEIGHBOR
OSWALDO ARANHA, ex-foreign miriister
of Brazil and this country's foremost
friend south of the border, was talking to
speaker-to-be Joe Martin of Massachusetts
when Harold Stassen, mutual security boss-
to-be, walked in.
Aranha, who has a great sense of humor,
poked some good-natured fun at Stassen
regarding the fact that the United States
has been neglecting its good neighbors,
concentrating on Europe.
"Yes, but we have the Point 4 program,"
remarked Stassen, who will probably take
over the Point 4 program of aid to back-
ward nations.
"Yes, we have Point 4," shot back Aran-
ha, "But I am waiting for Point 5. After
you apply Point 4 to us we will be so bad
off you will have to use the Marshall Plan
to keep us alive, as you have Europe."
NOTE-Dr. Aranha was, of course, partly
joking. The Point 4 .program sends U.S.
Technicians and experts to increase produc-
tion, teach sanitation, health, new agricul-
ture methods; etc. The Marshall Plan sent
supplies and money.
* , ,*
WASHINGTON PIPELINE
T RUMAN'S REMARKS about Eisenhower
and MacArthur may patch up an an-
cient rivalry, bring the two men together as
nothing else could, not even Herbert Hoover
... The jet plane smoke trails sighted over
Greenland by the Air Force last week show-
ed that the supposed Russian plane was
going away from the U.S.A., not toward it.
In other words, if it was a Soviet jet, it had
been reconnoitering over the northern hem-
isphere and was on its way back . . . . Gen.
Lucius Clay, top inside adviser to Eisenhow-
er, has his fingers crossed about new Secre-
tary of State John Foster Dulles . . . Rich-
ard Arens, the man who drafted the Mc-
Carran immigration act, is now pulling wires
to become immigration commissioner under
Eisenhower. Arens was close to Senator
Revercomb of West Virginia who was boy-
cotted by Tom Dewey because of his immi-
gration views, now is close to McCarran. If
he gets the job it will raise a fuior . . .
Indiana's Senator Jenner is pulling wires
for Arens' appointment, also wants to take

l i0c i.L teto? the f*Michigan on
4. Soccer is a fascistic, bour- lege of mingling with the women
30Me SOCer .. .geois sport. Enlightened peoples of the University of Michigan on
To the Editor: over the world do not partake of an equal basis at the Michigan
such barbarism. Soccer will hence- Union.
THE December 15 issue of News- forth not be played within the In other words our answer to
week contained the following: glorious Peoples Democracies. these three very obstinate mem-
"The Soviet soccer team which --Gene Preston bers of the very opposite sex is
lost 3-1 to the Yugoslavs in the * * this: "So what's wrong with the
Olympics has been disbanded and Women's League?" The Women's
seven of its members arrested.', hooey on Youey League has been more than gra-
Any enlightened mind will quick- To the Editor: cious to you. We have no 'front
ly note the usual war-mongermng door policy' with back doors for
tenor of this, another product of THIS LETTER is in regard to men. We do not conform to pre-
capitalistic journalism. The truth the letter from 'old-timers' judices which would not allow men
behind this incident is as follows: Mike Gale, '56, Steve Fishman, 56, to mingle with us on equal terms
1. The real score was 13-1. (The and Mike Bernstein, '56, who aie in the comfort of our cafeterias,
13 points were scored by the oppo- already talking about "tradition" nor do we have a back door for
sition before competent members when they've been on campus for our guests. If there bappens to be
of the illustrious Soviet Athletic only 13 weeks. They seem to con- a few men among you on this canl-
Security Bureau discovered that tend that women are coming in pus who 'have seen the light' and
the ball being used was manufac- the front door of the Union-and, who do escort women "within the
tured in America and was of a what's more-are invading "one walls of this 'stag' room"-South
definite capitalistic design. of the most popular meeting places Cafe-they should be commended
2. True followers of the Party on campus"-the Michigan Un? for returning the hospitality that
do not disgrace themselves on the ion's cafeteria. They ask the ques- the Women's League affords.
battleground of sports. (There- tion, "Is this traditionally man's Besides, are we to allow "tradi-
fore, these athletes are not true room (South Cafe) becoming a tion" to rule us. In this modern
followers of the Party and must be League annex?" They also "suggest day and age of progress, are we
dealt with in the same manner the Union's Board of Directors to revert back to the dark ages of
as the Slanskys.) take these matters into considera- unequal rights for women. Per-
3. The seven athletes were con- tion and return to the Michigan haps, these three "gentlemen"
victed only after they had con- Union the tradition it rightfully would prefer to return to those
fessed of their own free will in an deserves." times: to retrogress to the days
open trial that they had suc- These "gentlemen" are absolute- before automobilesairplanes, ra-
cumbed to the bribes of capital- ly correct. The Union's Board of dios, televisions, telephones, elec-
istic agents from Wall Street Directors ought to "take these tricity, and etc. The privilege is all
(called "bookies" in America) and matters into consideration" and theirs!
had thrown the game in the man- give "to the Michigan Union the In other words - phooey on
ner of American athletes. (Under tradition it rightfully deserves;" youey!!!
Russian law "capitalistic bribing" that is: to allow the men of the -Marlene Rothenberg, '54 Ed.
is a "capital offense.") University of Michigan the privi- Jessica Tanner, '55 LS&A
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Sign of
Hope
By JOSEPH ALSOP
WASHINGTON - Returning
from a tour of inquiry abroad
is always a curious experience, for
for there is a barrier of thought as
well as an ocean barrier between
Europe and America. Today, the
experience is more strange than
ever, for there is the added con-
trast between the bleak certain-
ties, the hard, inescapable reali-
ties, of the great world problems,
and the misty uncertainty, the
still-fog-bound outlines of the new
American administration.
For almost the first time since
the end of the war, however, the
traveler abroad can note really
solid progress of the kind that
matters. There are the out-
lines, at any rate, of a Western
system that can survive, can go
forward, and can repel the pres-
sures of the Soviet system. there
are the symptoms, at least, that
this Western system is settling
down for the long pull, which is
the most important thing of all.
The first thing to strike the
traveler is the least definable-a
change of atmosphere. There are
plenty of ugly things in the at-
mosphere of Europe today, such as
increasing anti-Americanism. But
the climate abroad has lost the
hectic flavor of the post-war per-
iod. No longer is everything im-
provised. No longer are today's
problems so pressing and alarming
that it is quite impossible to think
about tomorrow's. Governments
and-individuals are settling into a
kind of normality. And this feel-
ing that a kind of normality is at
last returning-that every familiar
landmark is not any longer likely
to be blown sky-high by some cri-
sis or other-is a great balm in
itself.
This new feeling has been
made possible, in turn, by the
two central developments of
these last years. Politically, Am-
erica and her partner nations
have organized a loose but ef-
fective Western community or
alliance, with commanding
weight and power so long as it
holds together. Strategically,
America and her partner nations
have moved, through this new
Western community, to con-
struct reasonable defenses for
the free world as a whole. These
defenses and this community,
are, in effect, the great shields
behind which economic and so-
cial recovery are being achieved.
As the chief mason of the fu-
ture, President-elect Eisenhower's
opportunity will be all the greater,
precisely because he is Eisenhow-
er. His campaign oratory may
have disturbed certain of our allies
who have forgotten what Ameri-
can campaigns are like. But there
is still a great fund of trust and
confidence in Dwight Eisenhower,
the man, in Britain and in Europe,
There is also the feeling that a
new hand at the helm, a new and
more powerful impulse in policy
making, a bolder and more imag-.
inative leadership, will be good
things.
In the last year, one might al-
most say that our partner na-
tions felt comfortable with the
Truman Administration because
it was tired, and they are still
rather tired too. At the same
time, they resented the want of
srong leadership from the a-
knowledged leader.rFrom the
Eisenhower Administration, they
now hope for great things. This
is the golden moment to streng-
then and underpin the Western
alliance, the Western commun-

ity, the free world as a whole,
Short-sightedness, wrong-head-
edness, over-optimism can well
cause all the ground so painfully
gainedto be lost again, and all the
foundations so laboriously built to
crumble and fall. But if President-
elect Eisenhower offers the same
sort of leadership as Gen. Eisen-
hower, one may hope that his ad-
ministration will end like his com-
mand in war, after many sore per-
ils in final triumph.
(Copyright, 1952, by the Bell Syndicate)

e

5

WASHINGTON-The public test of

Gen.

Dwight D. Eisenhower's leadership will
arrive on the day that Sen. Robert A. Taft
explodes over a major Eisenhower proposal
about as follows: "That's silly! We aren't
going to do that!"
Right now, the President-elect is explor-
ing ways and means of averting such tests
as long as possible. At his elbow is the
shrewd and humorous Senator from Colo-
rado, "Gene" Millikin, chairman of the
conference of all Republican Senators.
Senator Millikin is chairman of the fi-
nance committee and ostensibly is discussing
budget matters. It so happens, almost cer-
tainly coincidentally, that no better guide
exists to the complicated relationships among
the members of the most exclusive gentle-
men's club in the world, the U.S. Senate.
Senator Taft, who will again be Republi-
can policy chairman with his admirers in
most key Senate positions, threw out an in-
teresting hint recently that he might go on
the foreign relations committee. Three Re-
publican vacancies exist there; Mr. Taft
cannot be hindered in such a design and
probably can put his supporters in the other
two places.
It would be unlike the Senator from
Ohio to move into a situation he cannot
control but his prospects for direct con-
trol of foreign relations are dim. He would
certainly be resisted by Sen. Alexander
Wiley, who is in line for chairman, and
by Sen. Charles W. Tobey. Senator Tobey
in fact exercised his seniority rights to
get on the committee for the express pur-
pose of thwarting .the Taft forces.
There is, finally, the strong Dewey fac-
tion with which the Senator must contend.
So, in the end, it appears that Mr. Taft will
have a difficult time controlling either Con-
gress or the Eisenhower cabinet.

(Continued from Page 2)
established as the final date for the
procurement of books, supplies, and
equipment using veteran requisitions.,
No requisitions will be honored by the
vendor subsequent to this date.
Travel Bureau Escorts. The Hayes-
Healy Travel Bureau is seeking col-
lege students and graduates to con-
duct tours to various parts of the
world during thevsummer of 1953. They
will be interviewing candidates for
these positions during the Christmas
holidays. If interested, contact the Uni-
versity Bureau of Appointments, 3528
Administration Building, Ext. 2614.
Philosophy. The Bureau of Appoint-
ments has been notified of the need
of Professors of Philosophy at the
College of Turkey, Ankara, 'Turkey, and
also at the University of Wicwheers-
rond, Johannesburg, South Africa. In-
terested persons contact the Bureau of
Appointments, 3528 Administration
Building, telephone extension 2614.
Personnel Interviews.
The Russell Kelley Office Service, of
Detroit, will have a representative at
the Bureau ofhAppointments on Thurs.,
Dec. 18 to talk to individuals inter-
ested in part-time Christmas office
work in the Detroit area. Both men
and women may make appointments.
Personnel Requests.
The Marathon Corporation, of
Menasha, Wis., has openings for Sales
Trainee, Production Control Trainee,
Personnel Trainee, and Accounting
Trainee. February graduates may make
application, in addition to others in-
terested. Detailed information is
available.

For further information concerning
these and other openings, contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin-
istration Building.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for Eu-Phang
Tsao, Pharaceutical Chemistry; thesis:
"The Preparation of Analogs of Dem-
erol, Amidone and Isoamidoneand the
Reaction of Certain Nitrites with
Grignard Reagents," Thurs., Dec. 18,
2525 Chemistry Bldg., at 1:30 p.m.
Chairman, F. F. Blicke.
Doctoral Examination for Tung Hua
Lin, Engineering Mechanics; thesis:
"Response of Contact Accelerometer
under Steady State and Transient Mo-
tions," Thurs., Dec. 18, 1952. 406 West
Engineering, at 3:30 p.m., Chairman, J.
Ormondroyd.
Doctoral Examination for Hugh Fer-
dinand Schaefer, Chemistry; thesis:
"Catalysis in Inorganic Hexammine
Synthesis,"' Fri., Dec. 19, 1952, 3003
Chemistry Building, at 3 p.m. Chair-
man, R. WV. Parry.
Doctoral Examination for Heinrich
Berthold Kessler, Physics; thesis: "An
Investigation of the Characteristic In-
frared Absorption Bands of the Pep-
tide Link," Sat., Dec. 20, 2038 Randall
Laborartoy at 10 a.m. Chairman, G. B.
B. M. Sutherland.
Course 401, the Interdisciplinary
Seminar on the Applications of Mathe-
matics to the Social Sciences, will meet
on Thurs., Dec. 18, in 3409 Mason Hall
at 4 p.m. Mr. Bruce Biddle of the Social

Events Today
Kappa Phi. Christmas party at 5:15.
Please bring your finished project, and
fifty cents worth of small gifts for
children, wrapped. There will be car-
oling after the meeting, ending with
refreshments.
The Arab Club will sponsor a panel
discussion. "U.S. Policy and the Near
East," at 7:30 p m., at theaInternational
Center. Professors Slosson, Efimenco,
and Ramzi will participate. The public
is invited,
Graduate Record Concert will be held
at 7:45 in the East Lounge of Rackham;
program: Bach, Cantata No. 140, Wa-
chet auf! (Robert Shaw Chorale) ; Brit-
ten, A Ceremony of Carols; Corelti,
Christmas Concerto (Bruno Water-
London Phil.). All grads cordially in-
vited.
Ukrainian Students Club. Meetingai
all Ukrainian students at 7 p.m., Mad-
elon Pound House, 1024 Hill Street.
Christmas party. Club picture. Guests
are welcome.
The Modern Dance Club will meet
at 7:30 in Barbour Gymnasium. Will the
members and all others interested in
the club please attend.
Lummie Carol Sing. All Freshmen
Invited to participate. (Transportation
and refreshments, twenty-five cents)
Meet at Lane Hall, 8:30 p.m.
La P'tite Causette will meet today
from 3:30 to 5 p.m. in the North Cafe-
teria of the Michigan Union.
The Michigan Sailing Club will hold

1
r
1
f
s
t
D
1
1
7

O1Og
m~ir4gani&ilg
Sixt y-Th~ird Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board is Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Crawford Young......Managing Editor
Barnes Connable.........City Editor
Cal Samra..........Editorial Director
Zander Hollander......Feature Editor
Sid Klaus........Associate City Editor
Harland Britz........Associate Editor
Donna Hendleman,....Associate Editor
Ed 'Whipple..............Sports Editor
John Jenks..A.ssociate Sports Editor
Dick Sewell..Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine Butler........ Wowen's Editor
Mary Jane Mills, Assoc. Women's Editor
Business Staff
Al Green............. Business Manager
Milt Goetz.......Advertising Manager
Diane Johnston..... Assoc. Business Mgr.
Judy Loehnberg .... Finance Manager
rom Treeger.......Circulation Manager

4

I

e

Back to Top

© 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan