T HE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1952
'No Cover Charge'
T RIMS 'VEEPS' TERM:
'U' Experts Support Proposed
Bill on Presidential Succession
By DOROTHY MYERS
A move to make sure that a
vice-president does not serve more
than two years of his predecessor's
term when the. president dies in
office got general support from
University experts this week.
The plan, put forward by Flor-
ida's junior Senator George A.
Smathers, will be thrown into the
hopper of the 83rd Congress when
it convenes on January 3.
* *I *
SPECIFICALLY, the legislation
would provide that "in the event
of the death or disqualification of
the president, the vice-president
could serve as president only un-
til the 'next general election." At
that time both parties would offer
nominees and the voters would
elect a new president for a regular
Smathers' proposal brought
approving comments from two
University political scientists
who specialize in the study of
American national government.
Both Prof. Joseph Kallenbach
and Prof. George Peek saw the
proposal as a good one because,
they pointed out, vice-presidents
historically have been chosen for
reasons other than their fitness
for the Presidency.
* * * .
SEN. SMATHERS himself has
said that his plan would afford
the people "some protection
against a person gaining the pres-
idency whose views, purposes and
endeavors did not have the full
endorsement of the people."
Prof. Kallenbach said this
measure could be incorporated
into a Presidential Succession
Act, and would not need a Con-
stitutional Amendment. "The
idea," he claimed, "has been
present since the death of Pres-
ident Roosevelt early in his
The proposal to limit the term
of a vice-president serving as
president to two years was spe-
cifically recommended by Presi-
"VEEP"-ELECT NIXON 1
.. . not aimed at him
. * *
dent Truman - in 1946, with the'
intent that it be incorporated in-
to the Presidential Succession Act
of 1947. But this provision was
defeated by Congress.
"But," Prof. Kalleniach con-
tinued, "the possibility of Sen.
Nixon becoming president has
renewed interest in the mea-
Sen. Smathers emphasized, how-
ever, that his proposal was not
aimed at the Republican vice-pres-
ident elect. He claimed that af-
ter discussing the proposal with
Nixon, the Californian '"under-
stands that no personalities are
SEN. SMATHERS has also of-
fered legislation calling for:
(1) A more direct method of
electing the president and vice-
president, a measure which would
embody the principles previously
presented in the Lodge-Gossett
(2) Nationwide primaries to
nominate party presidential can-
(3) A three-day voting period
to replace the present election
The first proposal would abol-
ish the Electoral College now
used to elect our president and
No electors would be chosen, as
they are now. Instead the elector-
al votes of the states would be di-
vided in exact proportion to the
popular votes cast in the election.
At present all the electoral votes
of each state go to the candidate
who wins the state's popular vote.
The previous amendment, pro-
posed by Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge
and Rep. Ed Gossett was passed
in the Senate, but defeated in the
House of Representatives.
WHAT CHANCE does the Sma-
thers' version stand?
"If we ever have a miscarriage
of popular will, as in 1888 or 1876,
when the candidate receiving the
minority of .popular votes won the
election and became president,
there may be enough agitation to
pass the measure," Prof. Kallen-
Neither of the professors
agreed wth the Senator's pro-
posal for nationwide primaries
to nominate the candidates for
the presidency and vice-presi-
"If this proposal is similar to a
previous measure advocated by the
Florida Senator," Prof. Kallen-
bach said, "it would give weight
to the states in exact proportion
to their electoral vote strength,
instead of on a basis of party vote
strength, as it is now" (under the
party nominating convention set-
"There ought to be provisions for
giving more weight to those states
which traditionally vote for one
party-states like Maine, Georgia
and Mississippi," Prof. Kallenbach
"In case there is no absolute
majority, the conventions should
be able to choose from among all
the top candidates," he added.
"UNHAND ME, YOU CUR".. . "I LIKE 'EM TOUGH, BABY"
Here we go again-another
This time it s sNo Cover
Charge," opening tonight and
sticking around tomorrow, Fri-
day and Saturday nights at the
MichiganTheater before head-
ing off on a six day tour of the
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