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November 14, 1952 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1952-11-14

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CIVIC PROGRESS
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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXIII, No. 47 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1952

CLEAR AND COOLER
SIX PAGES

THIS I BELIEVE:

Free Thought
Seen1 as Vtal
EDITOR'S NOTE: In conjunction with the current lecture series "This
I Believe" The Daily is presenting statements of belief of prominent mem-
bers of the' University community,
Today's author is Prof. Wilbert J. McKeachie of the psychology depart-
ment. Prof. McKeachie is a recently appointed member of the Board of
Student Publications.
The next "This I Believe" speaker will be Rev. James Pike, Dean of the
Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York. He will talk on "The Indi-
vidual and his Faith at 8:30 p.m. Tuesday at Rackbam Lecture Hall.
By WILBERT J. McKEACHIE
Professor in the Psychology Department
My Presbyterian background emphasized a rational approach to
religion-the responsibility of each individual to think through his
beliefs for himself. In qrder to gain new religious insights and to better
integrate my beliefs, I have always been active in the Christian church
and have been greatly interested in reading and discussing religious
ideas. Yet,-to state my beliefs publicly is a difficult task, for they are
still incomplete and often confused.
Despite the lack of finality in any statement of my beliefs, certain
basic aspects of my faith have generally remained unshaken.
First of all, I believe that there may be certain values which
are "best" not only in our culture but for any human society. It
may be that these values are demanded by the nature of the
human infant's dependence upon his parents, and by the inter-
dependence of human beings in society. In any case, I believe
that Jesus had an unusual degree of insight into the nature of
these ultimate values (which we ordinarily call God), and I am
impressed by similarity between the teaching of Jesus and that
of great religious thinkers in other cultures, such as Buddha,
Hosea, Zoroaster, and the prophets whose ideas are recorded in
the book of Isaiah.
Second, I believe in, the worth of the individual and in the right
and responsibility of the individual to choose for himself the values
by which he governs his life. '
I suppose that this belief is almost inevitable in our culture. Cer-
tainly my parents, teachers, pastors, and reading all emphasized this
principle not only in words but also in actions. Theologically this
belief is expressed by the term "freedom of the will." The emphasis in
many religious groups upon the necessity for conversion is another
expression of the belief that each person must make his own choice.
Essentially it implies to me a faith in man's own ability to choose right
from wrong when he understands the possible outcomes of his deci-
sion.,
This belief has far reaching implications for my life. It
means that I oppose ignorance, for ignorance not only prevents
the individual from knowing the outcomes of his choices but robs
him of the knowledge of some of the alternatives among which he
may choose. It means that I oppose any efforts to restrict the
ideas which people hear or read, to prevent people from thinking
by appealing to their fears, or to restrict permissible thoughts
to those which are compatible with a particular political or eco-
nomic philosophe.
It means that I value curiosity and rational thought; that I value
science, because it embodies our most dependable methods for in-
creasing our knowledge about the physical, biological; and social
world in which we live.
Third, I believe that each of us should express love in his rela-
tionships with his fellow human beings. By this I mean that each of
us should doall he can to express to others his acceptance of them
and his concern for their welfare. To me, it implies that I should en-
deavor to make the greatest contribution to society of which I am
capable.
I realize that my life falls far short of my ideals, but I find re-
assurance in the words of the prophet Micah: "What doth the Lord
require of thee, but to do justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly
with thy God."
Governor's Lead Increases
As MoreIrregularitiesArise

ROK Charge
of Gas 'War
Found False
Expert Blames
Picric Fumes
SEOUL - WP) - A sensational
charge by South Koreans that Chi-
nese Communists used gas shells
early today in capturing Pinpoint
Hill was termed unfounded by a1
United States chemical warfare
expert.
Lt. Col. Harrison A. Markham,
chemical officer of the Ninth
Corps, said after an investigation
at the front that one soldier was
made ill fronm;. icric acid fumes
from a regular artillery shell.
* * *
EVEN AS the charges were laid
to rest, the never-give-up South
Koreans returned to the counter-t
attack and swept up to the top of
Pinpoint Hill from which theyr
were knocked a few hours before.
A little less than four hours1
after they lost the crest, the Ko-
reans struck back in the dark
and by 6 a.m. were locked in sav-
age hand-to-hand combat withl
Chinese Reds on Pinpoint's sum-
mit.
A front dispatch said that thei
counterattack was powered by the
troops who had been forced from
Pinpoint in what they said was'
a Red gas attack.y
* * *
THE CHARGE of gas warfare
has been bandied by both sides,
with repeated denials. The Ge-
neva Convention outlaws gas in
warfare and both the Allies and
the Communists maintain they
obey these rules.
The Korean survivors told
their superiors that after the
shells exploded they experienced
great difficulty in breathing.
The struggle for the Kumhwa
ridges showed no sign of diminish-
ing on the 32nd day of battle for
the Central Front heights,
Band To Play
At PepRally
Hopeful speakers, students and
band members will combine forces
in a pep rally tonight to promote
their cause: "Beat Purdue."
Leaving at 7:30 p.m. today from
the Union, the marching band will
lead the rally parade to Ferry
Field where Howard Nemerovski,
'54, master of ceremonies, will
take charge of the program.
Speakers featured in the program
are last year's football captain,
Bill Putich, '52, and Fred Lawson,
composer of "Varsity."
Under the direction of the cheer-
leaders, students will get in prac-
tice for the game tomorrow. The
marching band will play a number
of selections to further the "Beat
Purdue" spirit.
SDA President
Sander Levin, national presi-
dent of the Students for Demo-
cratic Action, will be on campus
today.
Students will have a chance to
meet him at 3 p.m. today in the
League. 3

Petitions
Petitioning for the Engineer-
ing College Steering Committee
has been extended through 5
p.m. Tuesday, Pete Lardner,
'53E, announced yesterday.
Petitions may be-picked up
on the bulletin boards of East
and West Engineering Build-
ings and should be returned to
the box on the bulletin board
outside the office of the secre-
tary of the college.
To Confer

Top

UN

Aide

Plummet s

Twelxve

Stories

To

Death
Lie Blames
Breakdown
Oii'mas

In Georgia
By .The Associated Press
President-elect Dwight D. Eis-
enhower and Gov. Thomas E.
Dewey meeting in Georgia today,
will talk over international and
domestic problems likely to come
up for discussion at the general's
conference with President Tru-
man Tuesday.
Eisenhower aides said there
probably will be no formal agenda
for the session with the New York
governor, but that matters ex-
pected to be explored at the White
House meeting will be studied.
* * *
THE GENERAL'S press secre-
tary, James C. Hagerty, announc-
ed yesterday that the President-
elect will leave Augusta Tuesday
morning by plane for Washington.
The conference. with Truman is
[set for the afternoon.
In Washington, meanwhile,
qualified informants said Secre-
tary of State Acheson and other
Cabinet officials will sit in at
the Eisenhower-Truman meet-
ing.
Hagerty said he did not know
whether Eisenhower plans to have
any of his aides at the conference.
Immediately after the meet-
ing Eisenhower will fly to New
York and go to his Columbia
University residence at 60 Morn-
ingside Drive.
Present indications are that he
will remain in New York until he
leaves -for Korea-and the date
of departure for the war zone still
Chas not been fixed, Hagerty re-
peated in ,a reply to a fresh bar-
rage of questions from newsmen.
* . *.
ALSO IN Washington, Joseph
M. Dodge, budget adviser to Presi-
dent-elect Eisenhower, yesterday
called on a Democratic senator for
advice on. money matters under
the new administration.
lHalan's Court
RuledIllegal
BLOEMFONTEIN, South Africa
-(P)-Prime Minister Daniel F.
Malan's high court of parliament
was declared illegal by the South
African appeal court yesterday,
opening a possibility he may try
a senate-packing scheme to put
across challenged race laws.
The five judges on the highest
tribunal of South Africa's regular
judiciary agreed unanimously with
a lower court ruling that parlia-
ment-dominated by Malan's na-
tionalist, white supremacy sup-
porters - acted unconstitutionally
in setting itself up last spring as
a supreme court to rule on con-
stitutional questions.
They dismissed the government's
appeal.

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-Daily-Alan Reid
SINK GETS AWARD-Chairman of the Danish National Symphony Johan Bentzon (right) presents
a silver medal bearing the coat of arms of Denmark to president of the University Musical Society
Charles Sink. The award was given to Sink out of gratitude for the orchestra's performance here
last night.
U v B

Red Quiz Straii
Prompts Suicide
NEW YORK-(P)-Abraham H.
Feller, a right hand man to Trygve
Lie in the United Nations, tore
himself from his wife's arms yes-
terday and plunged to death from
his 12th floor apartment.
Lie, secretary general of the UN
said Feller killed himself because
of the strain of defending UN em-
ployes "against indiscriminate
smears and exaggerated charges."
*. * *
FELLER, 47-year-old former
New Deal lawyer in Washington,
was described as a buffer man be-
tween the UN and twin federal
probes of Communist activity
among American personnel of the
international organization.
Robert Morris, counsel for the
McCarran Senate subcommittee
probe of UN Communism, said
Feller, himself, was not a tar-
get of the investigation.,y
Feller was an $18,000 a year
general counsel and principal di-
rector of the UN legal department
since 1946.
UN circles credited him with
writing some of the most import-
ant statements of Lie, who re-
signed earlier this week as UN
secretary general.
Lie left a luncheon honoring
United States Secretary of State
Dean Acheson to hurry to Mrs.
Feller's side. He called Feller's
death "a great loss to the United
Nations."
Later, the secretary general re-
turned to his office and issued a
statement in which he said of
Feller:
"Because of his responsibilities
as general counsel of the United
Nations, he has had to assume
heavy additional burdens in recent
weeks as my representative in
matters connected with the investi-
gations of the grand jury and the
Senate Internal Security Sub-
Committee into charges of subver-
sive affiliations directed against
American members of the Secre-
tariat."
Mental Check
For U' Grad
Follows Row

By MIL PRYOR
Voters in next week's all-cam-
pus elections may help determine
revisions in the University's driv-
ing regulations.
In cooperation with the Office
of Student Affairs, the Student
Legislature is placing three "ref-
erenda dealing with the driving
ban on the ballot. According to
Assistant to the Dean of Students,
Karl D. Streiff, the big stumb-
ling block in revising the regula-
tions has been the lack of a voiced
student opinion.
* * *
THE FIRST referendum. "Do
you approve of the driving restric-
tions?" will have space for "Yes,"
"No," and "With modification"
answers.
The second question is "Do
Hearings Set
On CoalWages
WASHINGTON - (P) - Eco-
nomic Stabilizer Roger Putnam
yesterday notified John L. Le.w-
is and the soft coal industry that
he will hold a public hearing Mon-
day on their appeal for approval
of a full $1.90 daily wage boost for
375,000 miners.
Some persons close to the situ-
ation said any decisions result-
ing from Monday's hearing would
have an impact which would
reach beyond the soft coal case.

you have a car in Ann Arbor;
now?"
The third referendum asks
"Would you have a car in Ann
Arbor if the restriction were lift-
ed?"
IN ADDITION to these refer-'
enda, the Office of Student Af-
fairs is making a careful study of
all other Big Ten Schools' driv-
ing regulations.
The main reason for studying
removal of the regulations is
that as the situation now stands
the ban reportedly is unenforc-
able. Several Washtenaw County
officers keep a check on as many
student drivers as possible, but
these men only work part-time
on the job.
With this in mind many Uni-
versity officials feel that the pres-
ent law is "hypocritical." Another
objection to the ban is that auto-
mobiles have become much more a
part of daily life than they were.
Wreckage of Lost
NavyPlane Found
SHELTON, Wash. - (-) - The
Mason County sheriff's office re-
ported late yesterday the wreck-
age of a missing four-engine Navy
Privateer plane which had 11 men
aboard had been found in rugged
Olympic Peninsulta county.
Chief Deputy Sheriff Ford Mey-
er said "at this time we don't
know of any survivors."

at the time
stituted.

the ban was first in-

Election irregularties continued
to pop up as state canvassers filing
official returns on the Nov. 4 elec-
tion increased Gov. Williams' lead
over Fred M. Alger to nearly 8,-
000.
With all but Wayne county's re-
turns in, the official count gave
Gov. Williams 1,430,407 votes to
Alger's 1,422,483.
The latest in the series of ir-
regularities came out of Flint
where itwas disclosed that about
360 votes were given Alger when
traditionally Republican Genes-
'U' Faculty
Members Get
Ford Awards
Six members of the University
faculty were granted awards of
$5,500 each by the Ford Founda-
tion for research in fields related
to human behavior, President Har-
lan H. Hatcher announced yester-
day.
The six were: Prof. Donald G.
Marquis, of the psychology depart.
ment; Prof. Kenneth Boulding of
the economics department, Prof.
David F. Aberle of the anthro-
pology department; Prof. Clyde
H. Coombs of the psychology de-
partment; .Pr of. Samuel J. Elders-
veld of the political science de-
partment, and Prof. Morris Jano-
witz of the sociology department.
Forty other grants were issued
bringing the grand total in mone-

see county had gone for Williams.
The votes were taken away from
Alger when a recheck disclosed the
error.
TWO SLIGHT irregularities
were reported in Washtenaw
county by state police yesterday
when it was discovered that seals
were missing on ballot boxes in
Salem and Ypsilanti townships.
County Clerk Luella M. Smith
said that the lack of seals on
the boxes may have been due
to forgetfulness by election of-
ficials after finishing the night
long count of ballots. Earlier she
had received a report from state
police saying the boxes were in
good order.
The county ballots are now un-
der the custody of the city and
township clerks who are instruct-
ed to report any irregularities
found.
Meanwhile State election direc-
tor Edward W. Frey is expected to
report to Gov. Williams today on
the irreguarities. He implied yes-
terday that he thought the gover-
nor had exaggerated the serious-
ness of the police reports.
At the same time the Detroit
city election committee announced
it is drawing up plans to equip
the entire city with voting ma-
chines at an expected cost of five
million dollars to speed up the re-
turns from Wayne county.
Veep In Hospital

s * *
AFTER THE referendum results
have been studied there are sev-
eral proposals that can be made
to the Regents. Some of the pos-
sible alternatives under considera-
tion by the Office of Student Af-
fairs are to allow 1) graduate
students, 2) students more than 21
years old, 3) upperclassmen, 4)
students with' good grades, or 5)
anybody the' right to drive and
keep a car in Ann Arbor.
Opponents to any change in
driving regulations point out
that the local traffic and park-
ing problem will become even
more acute than it is now if stu-
dents are allowed to have cars.
According to George Sanden-
burgh, City Engineer, with the ex-
ception of a 350-car parking gar-
age, the city is not contemplating
building anymore parking facili-
ties.
With the possible driving ban
removal, the on-street parking
which would occur might make
snow and leaf clearing in many
places impossible. In this case
Sandenburgh said he saw no rea-
See DRIVING, Page 6
PROGRESS:
New Business
Machines Out
On Exhibition
Hundreds of modern business
machines' capable of performing
"unbelievable" feats and costing
more than $175,000 will be on dis-
play between 1 and 5 p.m. and 7
and 9 p.m. today in the Rackham
Bldg.
The display represents the sev-
enth annual business machine and
supply exhibit sponsored by the
School of Business Administration
and being shown through the com-
bined efforts of 25 different com-
panies.
** *
AMONG the most interested ma-
chines are:
1.) A statistical calculator that
also extracts the square root of
any number at the touch of one
button.
2.) An automatic typewriter
that runs without an operator.
3.) A machine that computes
complete state and federal taxes.
Originally this work had to be
donne on seveal 1machines taking

l
i

DIRECTOR TO SPEAK:
ACLU To Form New Local Chapter

Special to The Daily
NEW YORK--Val Johnson, pres-
ident of the University's literary
college class of ' 1949 and a former
Michigan track star, was under
medical observation last night in
the psychiatric ward of this city's
Bellevue Hospital.
Johnson, a former United Na-
tion's employee in New York and
Paris, was entered into the hospital
after security officers reported that
he had "created a disturbance"
Wednesday in seeking an inter-
view with UN Secretary-General
Trygve Lie.
REFUSED admittance by Lie's
secretary, Johnson became excited
and was forcibly removed from the
38th floor anteroom of the Secre-
tariat Building by security officers
and New York police.
United Nations sources said
that Johnson had just returned
from Europe Saturday.
(In Detroit last night, Joe
Hayden, who ran on the same Uni-
versity relay team with Johnson,
said that he'd last heard from his
friend about two weeks ago. Then,
according to Hayden, Johnson sent
a postcard from Budapest, Hun-
gary.)
Johnson's outburst attracted
notice primarily because it came
in the wake of a series of events
at the UN headquarters-includ-
ing Secretary-General Lie's pro-
jected resignation, the suicide last
night of one of Lie's ton aides.

By DIANE DECKER
Patrick Murphy Malin, national
director of the American Civil
Liberties Union, will come Tues-
day to Ann Arbor both to deliver
a public speech under the auspices
of the campus Civil Liberties Com-
mittee and to form a local chap-
ter of ACLU.
According to Prof. Kenneth E.
Boulding of the economics depart-
ment, there are already more than
60 members of the national as-
sociation living here.
ALTHOUGH NO local chapter
exists, ACLU has a long history on
the national level. Founded in
1920," the Union was established,

quiry and expression-for every-
one.
(2)Specific rights guaranteed to
the people, such as due process
of law and fair trial.
(3) Equality before the law-
for everyone, regardless of race,
color, creed, position or political
opinions. "
* * *
PROF. BOULDING, who is a
prominent member of , the group
and sponsor of the campus CLC,
explained that the Union recently
has concerned itself mainly with
legal aid to people whose rights
were being infringed upon.
It has also taken stands
-__4 f1 . -441 .a . _

that certain liberties may be lost
because of the existing national
hysteria," and that the Union
serves a valuable function.
* * *
HOWEVER, several other ac-
ulty members felt the group laid
too much emphasis on civil lib-
erties and paid too little attention
to civil responsibilities.
ACLU has been accused by
Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis)
and others of being a "pink"
organization. In response to this
the group maintains, "All anti-
Democratic influences - Com-
munist, Fascist and others whose
opinions and allegiance are bas-
4-11o - -i - arl o t e ninn'

ner Green, was banned by the Lee-
ture Committee last spring at the
same time as Arthur McPhaul.
There were extenuating cir-
cumstances then, however, for
Green was also the executive
secretary of the American Com-
mittee for Protection of the For-
eign Born, labeled a "Commun-
ist Front" organization by the
Attorney, General.
It is doubtful that any action
will be taken to bar Director Malin.
Plans for formation of a local
chapter will be laid at a luncheon
to be held at noon Tuesday in the
Union. Anyone interested in at-
tending may call Prof. Boulding at
q_1.511 _ .#:_ 3(1nr i -11in before

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