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October 23, 1952 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1952-10-23

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Tidelands Oil

States' Rights
WITH TIDELANDS a fighting issue in
Texas and at least a controversial one
in Louisiana and California, the position
of the major candidates with reference to it
will have a very decided effect in the coming
Strongly endorsing state ownership of
the tidelands Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower
has, in his statements, enlarged upon the
Republican platform, which is opposed
to the ever-increasing centralization of
power by the Federal government. The
Democratic platform is significantly si-
lent on the issue of tidelands ownership.
Eisenhower has emphasized that he fa-
vors legislation by the Congress to vest con-
trol in the states to three-mile or three-
league limits as appropriate. He maintains
that there is no conflict in the Constitutional
responsibility of the Federal Government
over national resources with the vesting
of titles of tidelands in the states.
In the case of Texas several factors have
entered into the Republican decision to favor
state ownership besides the alluring prospect
of gaining Texas' 24 electoral votes. Texas
as an independent nation in 1845 signed an
annexation compact with the United States
in which she was allowed to retain control
of the tidelands extending. three-leagues
(10.3 miles) from her shores.
Although no significant oil reserves have
been tapped in this under-sea strip of land,
as in the case of California and Louisiana,
royalties from the tidelands have been ear-
marked by the state legislature for the
schools. Under Federal 'control of tide-
lands only part of the royalties would be
returned to the state. The remainder
would go to the Federal Government.
By 1950 the tidelands oil question had
gained sufficient momentum to warrant a
Supreme Court decision. That decision while
declaring that "the paramount interest in
oil discovered beneath these submerged lands
is vested in all the people of the United
States," nonetheless clearly indicated that
it was a question to be settled by the Con-
This was a fact apparently overlooked
by President Truman when he twice ve-
toed legislation passed by the Congress
granting the states ownership of the tide-
lands. Truman killed the Congressional
action declaring that he opposed state
ownership because of the "oil lobbies."
He ignored the pertinent fact that who-
ever owned the tidelands the oil companies
would still have to pay -royalties.
In a larger sense, Republican policy on
the tidelands issue is a reaction to the rec-
ord of the Democratic party which has for
20 years systematically tried to centralize
the economy in the hands of a small number
of bureaus in Washington. The so-called un-
holy alliance of Northern Republican indus-
trialists and Southern States-Righters has
matured with the tidelands issue to a posi-
tive policy of support for the Constitutional
position of the states and opposition to he il-
logical encroachment of Federal power in ev-
ery sphere of the national life.
-Eugene Hartwig

Federal Rights
HAVING FLIPPED the "tidelands oil" coin
three times and -having received three
adverse decisions from the Supreme Court,
the "state-control" lobbyists are now call-
ing for four out of seven.
In the meantime, they have also suc-
cessfully defeated the bi-partisan effort
to implement the judicial decisions by
legislative action.
This effort, undertaken last spring, was
the "tidelands oil" amendment, placed before
the Senate by Senator Lister Hill of Ala-
bama, for himself and 18 other Senators
including Senator Blair Moody of Michigan.
Its purpose was to obtain for all the states
the revenues, amounting to over 50 billion
dollars, derived from the oil and natural gas
deposits in the submerged coastal lands be-
yond the low tide mark.
The amendment would "dedicate," ac-
cording to Sen. Hill "these precious, ir-
replacable national and gas resources to
the common defense and to education in
all states, at all levels." In addition to the
advancements in these fields, giving these
revenues to all of the states would greatly
relieve the overburdened taxpayers.
The Supreme Court has ruled three times
-once in 1947 and twice in 1950-that these
submerged coastal lands beyond the low-
tide mark (and not the "tidelands"-the
lands between the points of high and low
tide) belong to the people of all of, forty-
eight states, and are not the property of
the adjoining states, California, Texas and
In spite of these Supreme Court rulings,
the Walters Bill was introduced into the
House of Representatives which favored giv-
ing the oil to the few states. This bill was
passed in the House in July, 1951, and Presi-
dent Truman, in line with the Supreme
Court decisions, vetoed it.
The Walters Bill is nothing but a gift
to three individual states of a national re-
source of major economic and strategic
importance. It tried to accomplish by fed-
eral legislation what could not be gained
by adjudication. As the New York Times
stated : "The Walters Bill is entitled the
'Submerged Lands Act.' It seems that it
might be more appropriate as far as the
American people are concerned, to call
it the 'Submerged Rights Act.'"
This is one of the greatest single economy
issues that has ever been presented to the
American people. It is up to them to decide
whether these 50 billion dollars are to be
used to the benefit of the few or of the
-Bob Jaffe
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.

MR. MENUHIN is that delightful rarity,
an unsentimental violinist. He plays
cleanly and without the groaning and slid-
ing which often mar violin performances.
He is also a clever program maker: he placed
the music before the intermission and the
encore numbers afterwards. Such strategy
gave those who came to listen to the music
an opportunity to escape the extended vio-
lin exercise which is the Paganini Concerto
and the various arrangements which made
up the remainder of the program.
Beethoven's Sonata in C Minor, Op. 30,
No. 2 and Bartok's Sonata No. 3 in G for
solo violin were the two numbers played
before the intermission. The juxtaposi-
tion of these two works proved (if any
proof is needed) that the best modern
works not only can hold their own with the
old masters but can even overshadow
them. The Beethoven was beautifully
played in a sensitive chamber music style,
with a careful balance between the violin
and piano. In places Mr. Balsam's piano
drowned out the violin, especially in the
second movement of the Beethoven. And
throughout the concert Mr. Balsam's
playing was harsh and metallic; there was
little of that singing legato and finely
molded phrasing which distinguished Mr.
Menuhin's performance.
More exciting than the Beethoven, and
clearly the music upon which Mr. Menuhin
lavished the most loving care was the Bartok
sonata. Playing solo, Mr. Menuhin showed
himself to complete advantage: there wasn't
the distraction of Mr. Balsam's unsympa-
thetic accompanying.
The Bartok sonata is conceived in the style
and spirit of Bach's solo violin sonatas and
has the intellectual passion and craftsman-
like structure of these transcendent works.
This sonata is unusual for Bartok. There is
none of the tension and driving force of
his earlier works. Rather it is serene and
relaxed: these are characteristics which we
don't usually associate with Bartok's works.
The texture of the violin writing is trans-
parent, the harmonies predominantly con-
sonant. And no modern work that I can re-
call more fully exploits the splendid possibil-
ities of the violin.
Mr. Menuhin negotiated the prodigious
difficulties of the Bartok sonata with
astounding ease; one felt that in his hands
there were no technical problems. The
contrapuntal sections of the work came
out clear and undistorted; the lyrical
parts were simply and movingly played.
I feel that no work Bartok has written has
,pleased me more. And my pleasure was in
no small part due to Mr. Menuhin's intel-
ligent and sensitive interpretation.
After the intermission Mr. Menuhin played
the Paganini Concerto and a group of ar-
rangements. It was evident that Mr. Menuh-
in didn't have his heart in this part of the
concert. The Paganini was played with the
obvious intention of getting through with it
as fast as possible. This is of course under-
standable: the work is as dated as the trom-
ba marina and I can only wish it were as
thoroughly obsolete. However, some people
like this kind of nineteenth century archae-
ologizing, and I am not the one to say that
people shouldn't have what they want. Aft-
er all, America is a democracy.
-Harvey Gross
Playing Power

KANSAS CITY-The makings of a new
deal for women in the Republican Party
are present in the Eisenhower campaign.
For the first time women who are not
afraid of the social and economic changes
of the last 20 years have captured front-
row seats hitherto reserved for various
handsomely attired figureheads long
known to the working press as the or-
The cameras are probably beginning to
familiarize the public with the delicate fea-
tures and permanent poise of Mrs. Charles
Howard of Boston, national committeewo-
man from Massachusetts.
She is now a fixture of the Eisenhower
train, not as a personal friend of anyone,
including Mrs. Eisenhower, nor as a paid
employee to do "public relations." She is
there as a woman politician in her own right,
quietly and cleverly cementing her influence
by helping with the visiting firemen and
state organizations.
The campaign between convention and
election is a great training ground for the
patronage and policy problems that in-
stantly beset a victorious presidential can-
didate. Men of both parties have not been
notoriously hospitable toward letting wo-
men have the chance to educate them-
selves in these practical aspects of power.
It possibly occurred to some of the Re-
publican women who have long been res-
tive that Mrs. India Edwards became a real
Democratic shotgun only after she decided
to go whistle-stopping in 1948 with the

"Who Needs Coal?"
fAL -
WASHINGTON-An Eisenhower committee has just taken an in-
S t
teresting step to appease Gerald L. K. Smith.
Smith is the organizer and chief spark plug of the Christian
Nationalist Party and has nominated General MacArthur for
President with State Sen. Jack Tenny of California for vice-presi-
den. His chief financial angel is Judge George W. Armstrong of
Texas, whose donation to Jefferson College in Mississippi was re-
buffed amid nationwide publicity.
A few days ago, a committee speaking for General Eisenhower
called on Smith and urged him to take the Christian Nationalist Par-
ty out of the presidential race. Smith has built up quite a following
in Southern California, also some following in Texas, and his party is
on the ballot in Washington, Missouri and elsewhere.
In states where the Democratic-Republican race may be close,
the Christian Nationalists could hold the balance of power. There-
fore, Smith was urged to withdraw the party's name from the
As an inducement, Smith was told that if he would withdraw,
General Eisenhower would take the initiative in calling personally on
General MacArthur.
The significance of this gesture is that no less than ex-President
Herbert Hoover himself has been trying to get Eisenhower and Mac-
Arthur together, but so far has been unable to persuade Ike to go to
see Mac. Eisenhower is willing to get together with his former com-
mander, but he isn't willing to go to the Waldorf Tower where Mac-
Arthur lives. And MacArthur in turn won't go to see him.
However, according to the Eisenhower committee that called
en Smith, Ike will now go to see Mac-if Gerald L. K. will drop
his political party.
NOTE-Though MacArthur's name is not on the ballot in Calif-
ornia, it's legal to write it in, and a lot of MacArthur admirers plan
to do so.
*, * .
YOUNG STEVE MITCHELL, new chairman of the Democratic Na-
tional Committee, took down his hair at an off-the-record meet-
ing at the Hotel Statler here recently and told how he really thought
the Stevenson campaign was going.e
He admitted, among other things, that Stevenson's campaign
trips had received lukewarm crowds until St. Louis, at which time
the committee spent $12,000 to get things organized, sust as the
Eisenhower people have been sdoing for some time. e
He also admitted that his and Wilson Wyatt's statement of a
bandwagon rush to Stevenson in part was wishful thinking. Instead,
he said, the election was neither won nor lost.u
Discussing political developments in different parts of the country,
the refreshingly frank Mitchell said: e
That Sen. Lyndon Johnson phoned him to complain that
businessmen were threatening to get even with him when he
ran in 1954 if he helped Stevenson in '52.
That Governor Lausche of Ohio, the alleged Demo-

crat, must realize that Stevenson's chances had picked up,
because he now occasionally mentioned Stevenson's name.
Before, Lausche's contribution to Stevenson had been
minus nothing.
That the Democrats hadn't emphasized the real issues on
tidelands oil; they should have made northern and inland
states realize that they would lose by the Eisenhower plan
giving tidelands oil to three states only.
The Democratic chairman was critical of Senators Smathers and
Holland of Florida, who, he said, were carefully ducking. He said
Stevenson faced a buzz-saw in the bigger cities of Texas.
He told how he had Governor Stevenson telephone Jesse Jones,
the ex-RFC director, following which Jesse had printed a fairly warm
editorial in his Houston Chronicle. Most Democratic Congressmen in
Texas are vacationing, Mitchell admitted, but he warned that this
would be remembered when the time came to pass out the patronage.
The worst problem he faced as Democratic chairman, Mitchell
said, was that local Democratic organizations had disintegrated in
the last 20 years, and had to be built up again. Two exceptions he
noted were Massachusetts and Rhode Island.
Regarding Senator Nixon, Mitchell made this comment: "I
think by election day he will be the lowest man on any political
totem pole you ever saw."
"Eisenhower," he continued, "is now 62 years old. Only a few
other men have been older when elected President, and don't forget
that Harrison died one month after he took office."
THE STUDENT newspaper at Columbia University may have come
out officially against their president-on-leave, but the faculty is
mixed. Some are ardently for Eisenhower, some ardently opposed.
A leader of the latter group is the dean of journalism, R. L.
Ackerman, who administers the Pulitzer Prize Awards and has helped
to train thousands of newsmen. Writing to Stevenson headquarters
recently, Dean Ackerman enclosed a check.
"Education," he wrote, "has a vital stake in this campaign.
The election of General Eisenhower will set an example for
ever itudent from the kinderearten tn the rranate level that

The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the

Note to Smale . ..
To the Editor:
I DEEPLY appreciate the great
interest shown in my career by
Mr. Smale. One who is two years
removed from the scenes of his
Michigan Daily activities is often
forgotten. In fact, most of the
sophomore and junior staffers on
The Daily don't know how to spell.
my last name and this is indeed a
blow to the ego. Happily, Mr.
Smale is not of that ilk.
Mr. Smale failed to say a few
things that would have been ap-
propriate to the tone of his highly
informative letter. He did not
charge that the football concealed
a time bomb, set to explode in the.
midst of the rally, nor did he ac-
cusd me of bringing a gang of
ruffians down to break up the
meeting. Such claims would be no
farther from the truth than the
inferences he did draw. One is
thus inclined to believe either that
he is unimaginative, which is
doubtful, or that his ability to
analyze the behavior of others has
not yet been completely distorted.
Mr. Smale's conception of
"news" differs somewhat from
mine and I am not the least in-
clined to go along with him on
the proposition that a peaceful
Progressive Party rally does not
"make such. a good news story."
If an element of "news" is con-
trast, a peaceful rally is a good
story, compared with the more
boisterous affairs with which we
are all familiar.
Thinking that this story might
be captured in a picture, I asked
five or six kids who were playing
football 200 yards away to move
within fifty yards of the meeting
for a moment so that a photo of
them with the meeting going on
peacefully in the background
would catch the tone of the ac-
tivities. As the sun was in the
wrong place and the picture did
not look good, I was not inclined
to argue strenuously when a young
man, evidently Mr. Smale, leaped
bravely into the midst of the
youngsters, and then wildly wav-
ed his arms, signaling three or
four burly men who came imme-
diately to his aid. These "gentle-
men" must have shared some of
Mr. Smale's interest in me since
they stood immediately behind me
for the rest of the meeting.
Again, I wish to thank Mr.
Smale for his interest, and I would
like to offer my condolences. One
who wants to go through life be-
lieving without proof that all men
(except Progressives, etc.) are at
all times motivated by evil in-
tentions may indeed find life very
--Al Blumrosen, '53L
* *
Malan's Fascism . .
To the Editor:
ONE OF THE MOST crucial is-
sues is being discussed in the
United Nations. The champions of
the so-called free world have con-
sistently, since the issue was first
brought to the attention of the
General Assembly in 1946, refused
to condemn South Africa's inhu-
mane treatment of its non-white
citizens who constitute a clear 75
per cent of the total population.
The answers are many and ob-
vious. The Imperialist powers have
their investments in Africa. As-
tralia and New Zealand have "com-
mon ties" with the United King-
dom and themselves practise dis-
criminatory policies. Malan and
the Southern Rhodesian Premier,
Godfrey Huggins are crusaders for
white supremacy and "Christian
civilization" on the African con-
tinent. The rich deposits of ura-
ium, gold, diamond, and other
strategic minerals make South

Africa a pawn in world politics.
Perceiving the advantages of the
situation, the South African Pre-
mier, in a shrewd move, is wooing
the western democracies to help
him realize his ambition of creat-
ing a vast, slave empire in South-
(Continued from Page 2)
planetarium, if the sky is cloudy. Chil-
dren are welcomed, but must be ac-
companied by adults.
Newman Club is presenting a semi-
formal dance entitled "Autumn Noc-
turne" on Fri., Oct. 24, from 9 to 12,
at St. Mary's Chapel. The very versa-
tile Paul McDonough and his band will
be featured.
Hillel Friday night services at 7!45,
sponsored by Pi Lambda Phi fraternity.
Followed by a talk by Prof. Frank
L. Huntley.

ern Africa and upholding the su-
periority of the "white race."
To save his own skin and win
the confidence of his allies, Ma-
lan has hastily enacted a law
(copied from the Mein Kampf),
the Anti-Communist Suppression
The naked truth is that we have
fascism in South Africa. Malan
and his cronies have transplanted
the Nazi doctrines there and with
the Afrikaner (Boer) and the Eng-
lish, given these perfidious theories
a new lease on life.
The economic, political and so-
cial oppression against the non-
whites have been going on for the
last three centuries. The late Gen-
eral Smuts who appears to be re-
vered in the western countries is
also guilty of undermining democ-
racy in South Africa.
The United Party (parliamen-
tary opposition and the party of
late Smuts) is erroneously cred-
ited with being the' democratic
party. The difference is: Malan
is impatient to push the non-
whites into ghettos; Strauss pre-
fers to do the same thing with less
The non-whites cannot tolerate
the existing conditions any longer
and they have taken the initiative
with or without the aid of the
"free-world." Under difficult cir-
cumstances, they are defying the
"unjust laws." The South African
government has resorted to terror-
tactics in order to break the pas-
sive resistance movement. Mean-
while, the "Commandos" who led
the "torch parades" against Malan,
have refused to support the non-
How much confidence the Asian,
Arab and other non-white nations
will have in the International Or-
ganization now meeting at Lake
Success, depends on the way the
final votes are cast by the western
bloc on this issue.
- -L. V. Naidoo
' *+ * *
SL Elections .. .
To the Editor:
THE EDITOR of the University
of Oklahoma daily. recently
went "corruption hunting" in the
student body. After decrying the
student elections as "rotten, stink-
ing and filthy," she found the Stu-
dent Senate "fiercely attempting to
stifle her."
Anyone who wishes to go cor-
ruption hunting in the forthcom-
ing Student Legislature elections is
invited to sign up for ballot box
duty on November 18 and/or 19. Sb
is particularly looking for volun-
teers for morning, noon, and aft-
ernoon duty. There will be two
others at the ballot box with you
so that your corruption hunt won't
be as lonely as it will be unprofit-
Speaking of corruption (I think
that's the word for Ned Simon's in-
terpretation of campus speakers
rulings), it should be pointed out
that Peg Nimz' letter was not
only amusing, it was more factual
than Mr. Simon's.
If I remember correctly, politi-
cal speakers are supposed to ap-
pear on a platform with, or near in
time to a speaker of an opposing
political party. The Lecture Com-
mittee did not suggest that Taft's
speech was educational. He was
approved on the theory that the
audience would present adequate
competition for his views.
-Leah Marks
fffr~lgjt ig l



SL's Open House

SL's SPECIAL open house from 4 to 6 p.m.
today at their new headquarters at 512
S. State offers the campus an excellent
opportunity to meet the 50 legislators and
get a picture of many of the important but
unheralded activities they perform from
day to day.
One of the most difficult problems fac-
ed by the Legislature is keeping in touch
with its electorate. Special reports to
house groups and other personnel con-
tacts have always been difficult to foster
on a consistent basis. Such activities as
today's housewarming give students and
legislators a chance to get together and
talk over campus problems and activities.
In addition, many faculty .members and
University officials plan to be on hand to
tour the new offices and talk with students
and SL members.

Any students interested in running for
the Legislature should especially try to
get to the open house. With the deadline
for petitions approaching tomorrow, SL
needs many more candidates for the Nov-
ember elections.
To date, more than 35 people have tak-
en out petitions for the 23 open posts, but
50 candidates should be the minimum
for a successful election.
Though the deadline is tomorrow, it does-
n't take much time to get the necessary
number of signatures for petitions. SL needs
23 hard-working and enthusiastic people in
these posts and the many qualified people
on campus should seriously consider making
the race. Student government is extremely
important here and offers opportunities for
interesting, vital work.
--Harry Lunn


At The State.. .
THE WILD HEART, with Jennifer Jones.
THIS PICTURE is a spirited but somewhat
wandering treatment of an old theme:
civilized people cannot assimilate or even
tolerate genuine innocence.
Jennifer Jones plays a Welsh country girl
of the nineteenth century, whose dead moth-
er was a gypsy and whose father is a crude
rustic. The girl grows up taming small wild
animals and studying the superstition-filled
notebooks her mother left her.
She marries a gentle but not very manly
minister who wants only to protect her
innocence. Then her passionate nature
"POVERTY IN A democracy is as much
to be preferred to what is called pros-
perity under .despots as freedom is to slav-

causes her to run off with the local decay-
ing aristocrat, whose cruelty she fears and
hates. Her struggle to choose one or the
other is the basis of the action.
Miss Jones' behavior is symbolically
equated throughout the picture with that of
the fox in a fox-hunt. The directors pursue
this analogy a little too fervidly--in the final
scene the heroine is in full flight before a
pack of hounds,
This tendency to oversimplify things is
also present in the development of the char-
acters. The minister is almost too good to
be true, while the aristocrat is the devil in-
The acting is for the most part good, but
one wonders when Miss Jones will be pen-
sioned out of the ranks of country-maiden
portrayers. The youthfulness of her per-
formance in this picture seems a bit forced.
-Bob Holloway

Sixty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Crawford Young . .. .Managing Editor
Cal Samra........... Editorial Director
Zander Hollander..... Feature Editor
Sid Klaus ......... Associate City Editor
Harland Britz.......Associate Editor
Donna Hendleman.....Associate Editor
Ed Whipple ............Sports Editor
John Jenks...Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewell....Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine Butler........ Women's Editor
Mary Jane Mills, Assoc. Women's Editor
Business Staff
Al Green........... Business Manager
Milt Goetz........ Advertising Manager
Diane Johnston...Assoc. Business Mgr.
Judy Loehnberg..... Finance Manager
Tom Treeger.......Circulation Manager

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