THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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MEMO TO THE LAZY:
'Work -- or Get Out!'
WEDNESDAY NIGHT'S Student Legisla-
ture discussion over the powers and
functions of the Cabinet has focused atten-
tion on SL's personnel problem, one which
has kept it from becoming an effective leg-
Organized along parliamentary lines, SL
has a committee system which is coordi-
nated by the Cabinet. In addition, the
Cabinet serves as a policy-making body
and represents the Legislature before
University officials and boards.
The committees are staffed by non-cabinet
members of the Legislature, but to accomp-
lish anything, they must have capable,
hard-working and interested personnel.
Unfortunately, SL has not been able to
attract enough capable personnel to estab-
lish a smooth working committee system.
The lack of qualified members on lower lev-
els has forced the Cabinet to take on many
projects and small jobs which are not really
in its province.
Thus the Cabinet has had less time for
carrying out its policy making functions
and for coordinating the general legis-
lative and committee work. With the
growth of Cabinet activity has come a
cleavage between the Cabinet and the
rest of SL.
Meanwhile, Cabinet members have jus-
tiflably felt that if members would not do
the necessary committee work, the Cabinet
must assume it in order to maintain exist-
ing SL functions.
There are too many members on the
Legislature who sought office merely for
prestige or to sponsor one piece of legisla-
tion or represent one particular faction on
campus. These people have little interest
in SL as a whole, and several are out of
sympathy with the Legislature's basic aims
and philosophy. Far too many members
are apathetic toward their duties and
contribute nothing either in meetings or
SL has no place for these people, and it is
becoming more and more apparent that they
had better start working or resign. Elec-
tions this fall may well be crucial for the
Legislature. Several excellent members who
are fow seniors will be retiring, leaving too
few leaders behind them. The void must be
filled by new legislators capable of assuming
NOW THAT the first test of fall rushing
since 1942 is over, it remains questionable
whether it was a wise move to do away with
the system of deferred rushing in favor of
Even affiliated women have also been
distressed by the number of girls who were
dropped from rushing. Sororities simply
could not pledge more than a limited num-
ber, in this case, 385 from a total of 792
Rushing procedures themselves were much
Improved by Pan-Hellenic this year in that
the parties were more informal and allowed
more time for actives and rushees to talk and
On the other hand, rushing as it was con-
ducted this fall was unfair to freshman wom-
en who certainly could not make an intelli-
gent choice between dormitory and sorority
living in one week's time, no matter how ma-
ture and intelligent they are.
The deferred rushing system, which re-
quired a girl to live for one semester in a
dorm, enabled her to meet sorority wom-
en socially, observe for herself the relative
importance of sororities on the campus
anddecide if she wanted to affiliate.
Many of these girls, given a little more
time to think the matter over, would de- I
cide to spend four years in a dorm, feeling
no bitterness towards the sororities. Others
would be equally happy in sorority houses.
Spring rushing would probably cut
down considerably on the number of girls
that would rush. Last February only 571
girls registered to rush and 122 of these
dropped out because of ineligibility. While
deferred rushing would probably reduce
the number of girls who would rush, it
would also reduce the number who would
have to faceofficialhnotification that they
are not wanted.
The point has been made that blows and
hard knocks have to be faced all through
life, and failure to receive a bid is of minor
significance. This may be true but it is not
reasonable to add more heartache in an in-
stance when it could be avoided.
The ideal set-up would be the new, im-
proved rushing system moved up to Febru-
ary. It is to be hoped that members of the
sorority system will weigh carefully the ad-
vantages and disadvantages of both sides of
the rushing question with good judgment.
The happiness and welfare of the individual
girl is just as important as the welfare of the
THE BATTLE of personalities and parties
in Michigan has tended to obscure the
Important issue of reapportionment in the
State Legislature. This question will appear
on the State ballot in the form of two con-
The amendments are listed as Proposals
Two and Three. Proposal Two, known as
the Representative Government Plan, pro-
vides for reapportionment on the basis
of population in both the Senate and the
House. It also abolishes the "moiety"
clause which entitles each area, which
has over 50 per cent of the population re-
quired for a district, to a representative.
Under Proposal Three, the Balanced Leg-
islature Plan, the distribution of seats in
the Senate would remain "frozen," while
the House membership would not be in-
creased by more than 10, and the districts
would not be redistributed.
The question of reapportionment in the
State is not a new one. It has finally been
put to the voters of the state as a result of
long term pressure from citizen organiza-
tions and political leaders who protest
against the unfair distribution of seats
which has resulted in the over-representa-
tion of the rural areas and the under-re-
presentation of the urban, industrial dis-
For those who are concerned with dem-
ocratic government, it is important to ex-
amine each of these proposals: to see
which one does more to rectify the situa-
tion in which 52 per cent of the people of
this state are given only 28 per cent of
the representation in the Legislature.
The abolishment of the "moiety" clause
under Proposal Two will mean that the
sparsely populated rural areas will cease to
dominate the Legislature.
Also under Proposal Two, the House dis-
tricts would be so divided that Wayne Coun-
ty and the southeastern area, which are the
most heavily populated sections of the state,
would have 51 representatives in the House
instead of the present 39.
Proposal Three has no such provisions.
The southeast districts would not have a
substantial increase in representation.
Moreover, the"moiety" clause is explicitly
left in this proposal.
Another important difference is that Pro-
posal Two has a "force clause" in it which
lifts the duties of reapportionment every 10
years from the Legislature into the hands
of the Secretary of State, with provisions
that make the Secretary of State legally
responsible to carry out this function.
On the other hand, Proposal Three leaves
the job up to the Legislature.
The importance and necessity of this
"force" clause is evident upon the re-
alization that the Legislature has not
reapportioned itself in 27 years. During
that time there has been a steady flow
of people from the rural areas into the
urban districts who have, in actuality,
lost their votes uponmoving.
In view of these facts, the three million
Michigan citizens who have, in effect, been
disenfranchised should take this opportun-
ity to gain their due representation by vot-
ing 'yes' on Proposal Two.
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
AP Foreign News Analyst
ALMOST ALL the "old Bolsheviks" have
disappeared from the ranks of the So-
viet Communist party, and there is a dis-
tinct accent on youth.
This is revealed in figures on the party
membership disclosed at the current Mos-
cow Congress. More than five million of
the six million Soviet Communists are
There is a hint that a paring of party
ranks already is under way. In punishment
for "growing soft," it appears that many
Communist members already have been
dropped. The chances are that many more
will fall by the wayside by the time this
thing is over.
Only 2 per cent of the Soviet Commun-
ist party today is made up of men who were
Bolsheviks before the revolution. This means
a total of about 120,000. The ranks of the
revolution have been thinned by natural
and unnatural death.
More than 32 million Communists are
between the ages of 40 and 50. The sec-
ond generation Communists, personified
by Georgi Malenkov, are in command.
Malenkov and thtse 31/ million grew up
under Stalinist communism. They remem-
ber nothing else. The past is lost to
them in a mist of distortion and erasure.
The same can be said to an even greater
degree of the remaining 1g million par-
ty members who are under 40.
Malenkov is the representative of this
generation, just as V. M. Molotov is one of
the few remaining representatives of that
straggler's band of 120,000 old Bolsheviks.
Rn fr ns a nrty power Lne in tha Tno R
In Both Parties, Dirty Hands
"Our Differences Have Nothing To Do With
The End Result That We Are Seeking"
ete/4d TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
QOWt LET 'EM TAKE IT AWAY L
Independent Vote Beginning
To Slip from Gen. Eisenhower
SAN FRANCISCO-General Eisenhower's
tactical commitments to the Taft wing
of the Republican Party are now so complete
as to challenge the whole validity of the as.
sumption on which he was nominated at
That assumption was simple. It was
that the country is now roughly divided
into three classes of voters: yellow-dog
Democrats comprising something over a
third of the total, yellow-dog Republicans
who are something less than a third with
the remainder which is the balance of
power being classified as independents.
It was reasoned by the Eisenhower sup-
porters-and they so persuaded the national
convention, with the help of the southern
delegate drama-that Senator Taft was too
partisan, too conservative, too isolationist,
to appeal to the large Independent vote.
Therefore, they said, he could not win. That
argument lost Mister Republican the nomi-
nation a convention majority would have
preferred to give him.
Within the past month General Eisen-
hower has consistently embraced positions
and, above all, people-notably Senators
McCarthy and Jenner- that are presum-
ably anathema to the independent voter.
This trend has not been balanced by com-
parable gestures, at least up to now, to-
ward the political independent whose sup-
port at Chicago only last July was thought
to be crucial.
Almost literally still warm from McCar-
thy's clasp, the General is now pressing on
from the Taft hearth and to California. For
many reasons the state offers a test of his
new and so-different strategy.
Democrats here, though slipping, still
have a 3-2 advantage in registration. Lib-
eral Republican Gov. Earl Warren main-
tains his power by never making himself
unacceptable to the opposition party eith-
er locally or nationally.
Under its unique cross-filing system, the
state has just given both nominations for
Senator to the Republican incumbent, Wil-
liam F. Knowland, but it has gone Demo-
cratic in the last five presidential elections.
Even Governor Warren on the ticket did not
keep California from Mr. Truman in 1948.
(Copyright, 1952, by the Bell syndicate)
E NROUTE THROUGH THE WEST-In an earlier column on Sena-
tor Nixon's secret expense fund it was shown how he voted right
down the line for the legislative measures which his 76 millionaire
The second question to be examined is whether Senator Nixon
also used influence with the Federal Government on behalf of his
Nixon expense club. In his broadcast to the nation Nixon said he had
not. A few days later, however, the St. Louis Post Dispatch unearthed
the fact that Dana Smith, the lawyer who collected the $18,000 for
Nixon, had used Nixon's influence through his administrative assist-
ance to try to get a $500,000 tax refund from the government.
It is a penitentiary offense for any member of Congress to
intervene in a case against the Government for pay. A Senator
is paid by the United States Government and is supposed to re-
present the government alone. Hence the law. He is not sup-
posed to be paid by outsiders, and other members of Congress have
gone to jail for accepting money when they intervened in cases
against the Federal Government.
The tax refund claimed by Dana Smith against the U.S. Gov-
ernment is an illustration. Dana Smith, the man who got Nixon's
office to intervene, not only had paid Nixon personally but raised
$18,000 for him.
* * * *
TODAY THE Federal Government plays such an important role in
the operation of any business firm, and business firms in turn
seek so many concessions or contracts from the government, but it
becomes risky to have a man in the Senate who is subsidized by a
group of businessmen.
Take, for instance, the list of Nixon's millionaires club and
the concessions of contracts they have with the Government.
Here are some of them:
Charles E. Ducommun, a Los Angeles steel dealer, got a 50 per
cent tax amortization write-off on a new $265,655 warehouse. It is
not known where Nixon or his office helped.
Such matters are kept confidential by the Defense Production
Administration and sometimes not even recorded.
Earl Jorgensen and company got a 75 per cent tax write-off on
forging equipment, Sept. 20, 1951; another 60 per cent write-off on
$227,236 on July 18; another 50 per cent write-off on $343,500 on Feb.
4, 1952. It is not know that Nixon's office helped get these write-offs.
Jorgenson is a giver to the Nixon fund.
Clayton Manufacturing Co. got a 90 per cent tax write-off on
dynometers costing $38,106 in March 1951 and an 80 per cent write-
off on $171,330 on steam cleaners in July 1951. Both Benjamin Clayton
and his son William are givers to Nixon's expenses.
K. T. Norris, ammunitions manufacturer, got a 75 per cent
tax write-off on $199,650 in September 1951. He is a donor to Mr.
Even more important, the Norris Company has defense contracts
totaling $54,000,000 with the Army and Navy. Morris leases one plant
from the Government at Riverbank, Calif., also operates plants of his
own, where he manufacturers 57 millimeter shells, 75's, 90 milli-
meters, 105's and 155's. Whether Senator Nixon has used any influ-
ence with any members of the Defense Department regarding these
contracts is something I have not been able to ascertain. But it's an
unhealthy practice for any company doing business with the Govern-
ment to be subsidizing a Senator.
Herbert Hoover, Jr., has an important contract with the Fed-
eral Government to explore for oil in the oil regions in Northern
Alaska. He is president of the United Geophysical Co., which has
signed the Alaskan contract with the Navy. United Geophysical
is a wholly owned subsidiary of Union Oil, of which Hoover is also
not only a director but holds 30,249 shares valued at $1,200,000.
Hoover is a contributor to the Nixon fund.
W. Herbert Allen is vice-president of the Title Insurance and
Trust Co., which underwrites the oil leases of the big companies op-
erating out in the Tidelands oil area. If these leases should be out-
lawed, then Mr. Allen's company might be left holding the bag for
about $49,000,000. Mr. Allen is a contributor to the Nixon funds.
ARTHUR S. CRITES of Bakersfield is an applicant before the Fed-
eral Government for a mineral land permit in Southern Califor-
nia. To get such a permit accepted, a little influence sometimes is
helpful. Crites is a member of the Nixon expense fund club.
Crites is also vice-president of the Bakersfield Home Build-
ing Association and secretary and director of the Kern County
Mutual Building and Loan Association.
It so happens that Nixon's record in the Senate has been made
to order for the Mutual Saving Banks and Building and Loan Asso-
When the Senate voted on plugging some of the loopholes in the
tax bill, Nixon voted for the Capehart Amendment which actually
widened one loophole by permitting mutual savings banks and build-
ing and loan associations to exempt their reserves from taxation up
The Great Debate ...
To the Editor:
A VETERAN met an amateur
Tuesday night and the slaugh-
ter was sad. If the controversy be-
tween Messers Sallade and Slosson
was part of the campaign, I'd say
OK, let 'em slug it out with the
Republicans losing miserably with
their eyes wide open! But it was
my impression that it was sup-
posed to be a University debate.
To pit a professional against what,'
at times, seemed a novice-an en-
gaging rapier-like wit against an
eager informed "college debater"
doesn't make for a debate. No un-
kind remark is meant to Mr. Sal-
lade's excellent try. But was it
necessary to put him insuchhan
embarrassing position? Are there
not Republicans in the faculty
ranks who could have been select-
ed and who could have held thefr
own? No, I'm not a Republican,
have never enrolled in a party, al-.
though I havehvoted since 1932.
I'm just for the underdog, like I
am for the Dodgers.
--James Hawley, Grad.
N.S.C.A.F.E. ... . I
To the Editor:
LAST APRIL over 200 students
traveled to Madison, Wiscon-
sin to attend the National Student
Conference for Academic Freedom,
Equality and Peace. Present were
members of such diverse organi-
zations as Unitarian Clubs, SDA,;
International Relations Clubs, NA-
ACP, Student Christian Associa-
tions, YP, Hillel Councils and
countless others. Because of vi-
olations of civil rights existing on
campuses throughout the coun-
try, and because students felt the
need for doing something about
peace, it was thought necessary
that the Conference be set up as
an organization which would co-
ordinate activities on different
campuses and supply information
A continuous committee on the
Conference will meet this week-
end (Oct. 10, 11, 12) in Chicago, to
discuss policy and action. There
will be cars leaving Ann Arbor, so
that traveling-expenses will be at
"UNDER the compulsory arbi-
tration which socialism
would necessitate . . . the regula-
tors, pursuing their personal in-
terests . . . would not be met by
the combined resistance of all
workers; and their power, un-
checked as now by refusals to
work save on prescribed terms,
would grow and ramify and con-
solidate until it became irresist-
able... . When from regulation of
the workers by the bureaucracy,
we turn to the bureaucracy it-
self, and ask how it is to be regu-
lated, there is no satisfactory an-
swer. . . . Under such conditions
there must arise a new aristocracy,
for the support of which the
masses would toil; and which, be-
ing consolidated, would wield a
power far beyond that of any
"SURELY THE love of living is
stronger in an Alpine climber
roping over a peril, or a. hunter
riding merrily at a stiff fence,
thanin a creature wno lives upon
the minimum. Everyone is wel-
come to attend, either as a dele-
gate, or as an observer.
If any further information is
needed, we can be contacted at
National Student Confer-
ence, Ann Arbor Branch
To the Editor:
IN THE United States of America,
every racial, religious, and na-
tional group-minority or major-
ity-is entitled to basic respect
from all others. With great respect
and much admiration for both
the majorities and the minorities,
I feel compelled to point out that
when the administration of this
university agrees to accept a schol-
arship grant for only white, Prot-
estant Americans it is, in fact,
employing the same standards
used to determineswhether one is
eligible for membership in the Ku
To the Editor:
HURRAH FOR Don Harris, the
new music critic!
"SCH ETR wanted to be-
liee tathis gifts were just
good luck and nobody's business
but his own. But a voice in him
would not let him rest on sucn a
mushion of roses. The voice was
saying that he who has been blest
with joy and beauty has incurred
a debt which he cannot evade. He
woh has been spared sorrow is un-
der an obligation to alleviate the
suffering of those less fortunate."
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Crawford Young .....Managing Editor
Cal Samra.........Editorial Director
Zander Holander. Feature Editor
Sid Klaus ...... Associate City Editor
Hariand Brtz........Associate Editor
Donna Hendenan .... Associate Editor
Ed Whipple..............Sports Editor
John Jenks ... Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewell ....Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine Butler .......Women's Editor
Mary Jane Mills,.Assoc. Women's Editor
At Green ............Business Manager
Milt Goetz......Advertising Manager
Diane Johnston .. Assoc. Business Mgr.
Judy Loehn berg .... Finance Manager
Tom Treeger .....Circulation Manager
JENNY LAMOUR (Quai des Orfevres), with
Louis Jouvet and Suzy DeClair.
SEVERAL YEARS AGO detective stories
became more than just standard fare for
films, and occasionally attained a perfection
which had been reserved for highly dra-
matic or "arty" movies. "Jenny Lamour"---
the title has obviously been supplied by the
domestic distributors in an attempt to draw
the public by offering a pseudo-risque French
picture-is the sort of movie which exploits
the psychological and suspense elements of
such a story to their fullest.
Louis Jouvet, portraying a police in-
spector with a private life of his own (a Eu-
ropean touch), is excellent in his role, wheth-
dissecting his suspect. From the moment of
his entrance, rather late in the story, the
picture is entirely his. Suzy DeClair, as a
wayward but loving wife, is good, and so is
the actor who plays her husband; but nei-
ther of them approaches Jouvet.
The picture itself is not too promising
for the first half-hour or so. It draws too
heavily on melodramatic and photograph-
ic "tricks," making it seem that the whole
thing will be just another interesting but
average story. After the appearance of
Jouvet, however, a gradually mounting
suspense develops, becoming almost over-
whelming before the final scene is over.
By the beginning of the last reel all of
the elements of melodrama which threat-
ened to ruin the movie have fallen into
their proper perspective, producing a high-
ly entertaining and thrilling picture.