BIG THREE CONFERENCE
See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
A VOL. LXIII, No. 162
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 22, 1953-
. SIX PAGES
By the Associated Press
Labor disputes yesterday sharp-
ly cut automobile production and
made idle 77,400 workers in the
. Detroit area.
About 126,000 workers were idle
in major walkouts across the na-
tion. The total may jump to 177,-
000 within a few days.
Off the job in Detroit were
29,600 at Ford plants, 39,000 Chry-
sler workers, 8,000 at the Budd
i Co. body stamping plant, and 800
* * *
FORD LAYOFFS began Wed-
nesday as a result of a month-old
strike at Ford's Canton, Ohio,
forge plant, making Ford parts.
The Budd strike, a wildcat
walkout in its second day, led
Chrysler to send home its work-
ers for lack of supplies.
Ford expected 85,000 of its work-
ers to be idle by the week end in
various plants across the country.
STUDEBAKER plans to lay off
5,000 Monday, stopping commer-
cial truck production. It also plans
to halve passenger car output at
South Bend, Ind., and at Los An-
geles, and put 18,000 other work-
ers on part-time shifts to avoid
The Muncie strike resulted in
the layoffs at Willys, Nash-Kel-
vinator, and Kaiser-Frazer.
In the Muncie Borg-Warner
strike, the CIO United Auto Work-
eers accuse the company of a sped-
up reducing possible earnings un-
der an incentive plan. The Budd
workers in Detroit walked out in
a dispute within the UAW. The
Ford Canton strike involves pay
disputes, safety conditions, and
PRODUCTION at a Jackson
automotive plant was halted yes-
terday by a continued shortage of
parts blamed on labor troubles
growing out of a dispute over the
rating of one job. Slightly more
than 50 percent of production was
reached on Wednesday.
On the lighter side of the
news, 21 pickets marched at the
gates of Briggs Stadium yes-
terday, representing the peanut
vendors, soft drink hawkers,
scorecard salesmen and other
stadium personnel who want a
An attempt was made last night
to end the five-week milk dispute
between two Marquette dairies and
A state labor mediator, said he
would seek to bring both sides to
an agreement. The main issue, a
basic price of milk, has been set-
"The youth of today are more
reactionary than old people," Ten-
nessee Williams said yesterday,
adding "they don't care for any-
Williams said that youth is
lacking adventure and the appre-
ciation of adventure. "Years ago,"
he observed," "young people loved
excitement. Tody's situation is
THE PULITZER Prize winner
declared that the real meaning of
a university is to foster originality
as "there is plenty of time in the
future to fall into ruts."
On the subject of experimen-
tal theaters, Williams comment-
ed that universities should culti-
vate the theater in an effort to
make students more sensitive
of the subtle play.
He said that the greatest diffi-
culty the theater is faced with to-
day is a financial one.
"Tickets and production costs
are at exorbitant heights. Many
plays cannot be supported under
these condtions, especially the po-
etic ulav unless it is on a low bud-
'Nothino To Lose'
By TOM LADENDORF
University political scientistsj
yesterday discussed President Ei-I
senhower's plans to meet in Ber-
muda next month with Prime Min-
ister Churchill and the Premier of:
France to strengthen the Big
Three alliance and discuss the ad-,
visability of a high-level meeting
with the Russians.
News of the conference was an-
iiie u iI uirn i ni cluu trarye rrevu : y
UNION OPERA CHAIRMAN -- The followini were appointed last night to the Union Opera Exec-
utive Committee by the Board of Directors. Seated from left to right are Harold Johnson, Mike
Scherer, general chairman of the Opera, and Dick Huff. Standing are Jay Grant, Bart Hamburger,
Fritz Glover and. Dick Fiegel.
* * * *
... announces conference
Opera Committee Named
By JOEL BERGER development fund will be main-
Appointment of six committee tained by the Union. This fund will
chairmen for the Union Opera, a consist of payments received as aj
change in the Opera road show percentage of net profits from road'
financial set-up and discussion of shows.t
a student bookstore in the Union * * *;
dominated last night's meeting of CONTROL of this fund. which)
the Union Board of Directors. will be used for equipment pur-<
A change submitted by the Op- chases and a reserve fund, was!
era study committee on the finan- vested in the Union Opera Com-
cial set-up of the Opera road mittee. During the past two years,
shows was endorsed by the Board. the road shows had operatedl
Under this change a road show through the jurisdiction of the
Office of Student Affairs.
This change will be in effect
W orl d ews during a one-year trial period.E
Prof. Phillip E. Duey of theI
music school was named to ac-;
company the Opera during its
chosen for each of the c
which the Opera will p
in statements by Eisenhower,
Churchill and Mayer.
perform PROF. MARBURY N. Efimenco
'of the political science pointed
Production chairman of the out last night, "In a big four con-1
Opera will be Bart Hamburger, ference we would have everything
'54BAd. Harold Johnson. '55SM, to gain and nothing to lose." j
will be chairman of the music
committee, a post he held in last "Such a meeting could result
year's Opera. in disillusionment but if it did
Fritz Glover. '55E, was named it would only serve to teach us
promotions chairman by the that we are up against an im-
Board of Directors. Jay Grant, '55, possible situation at present,"
will be the new program chair- he said.
man, while Richard Fiegel, '55. According to Efimenco. "Rus-
will take on the jab of secretary of sia seems to hold all the cards
the Opera. and the free world expects the
General Chairman of the Opera leading democracies to make an ef-
committee, Mike Scherer, '54, was fort to come to terms with her.
appointed at a previous meeting The fact that there have been
of the Board of Directors. shifts in power within both Rus-'
Also during the meeting, a three- sia and the United States recent-
man study committee was set up ly also calls for a fresh approach
to look into the feasibility of a to a four power meeting."
student bookstore to be placed in
. . . who will be next?
By the Associated Press
NEW DELHI, India-Secretary
of State Dulles and Prime Min-I
ister Nehru stirred intense specu-
iation yesterday by agreeing to an
unscheduled conference after their
second confidential talk in as
Dulles and Nehru emerged smil-
ing after talking together for an
hour and three-quarters and an-
nounced they would meet again
* * *
BATAJNICA, Yugoslavia --
President Tito declared angrily
yesterday that relations between
Yugoslavia and the Soviet bloc
are just as bad as ever, despite
the recent softening of the
Kremlin's five-year propaganda
war against his independent
* * *t
LANSING - Prospects for a
smooth windup of the 1953 legis-
lative session fell apart in a House
Senate feud yesterday.
The House refused to pass
$337,000,000 worth of appropria-
tion bills for next year until it
knows whether Gov. G. Mennen
Williams will sign the new $35,-
000,000 business receipts tax bill.
road trip. He will have final auth-
ority to maintain University stand-
ards of conduct during the trip,1
the Board said.,
LOCAL AND road show produc-
tions of the Opera will- operate
under separate budgets with all
accounting procedures centered in
the Vjnion, the Board decided.
While financing of the local per-
formances will be the responsi-
bility of the Union, the road en-E
gagemenjs will be financed by the
sponsoring alumni organizations.
Dick Huff, '55BAd, was ap-
pointee road show manager of
the Opera. He will coordinate
the work of seven chairmen
slovakia broadcast a call yester-
day for the United States to lift
trade and travel restrictions im-
posed on that Communist nation in
1951 for the imprisonment of Wil-
liam N. Oatis, the newsmen it
called a spy.j
the proposed Union addition. f
WASHINGTON - (A" - Chair-
man H. Alexander Smith (R-NH)
of the Senate Labor CommitteeI
made public yesterday a score of
proposed changes in the Taft-
TAKING an opposite stand, Prof.
James K. Pollock, head of the po-
litical science department. cx-
'pressed opinion .a Big Four meet-
ing would be."a waste of time and
might possibly bring a loss of pres-
tige for the United States."
"We must make a distinction
between tactics and strategy
with the Russians," he added
"and not rush into a diplomatic
project lest we lose the positions
of power for which we have4
By the Associated Press
An optimistic view was taken
today by authoritative sources
watching a revised Korean truce
proposal round into shape at Al-
But Peiping's Red radio. anti-
cipating the plan's presentation
next week at Panmunjom, sound-
ed a sour note.
. .. to strengthen Big Three
By the Associated Press
The French National Assembly
yesterday threw Premier Rene
Mayer's four-month-old cabinet
out of office on a financial issue.
By a 328 to 244 vote, the As-
sembly declared its lack of con-
fidence in the government.
MAYER HAD just announced
that Britain, France and the Unit-
ed States had agreed to meet June
17, possibly to prepare for a Big
Four conference with Russia.
This drew applause from some
moderate and rightist deputies,
but Mayer's critics were un-
moved and the announcement
failed to stave off defeat.
Prof. James K. Pollock, chair-
man of the political science depart-
ment, commented yesterday that
a change of cabinets probably
would not greatly affect France's
position at the Big Three confer-
THE FRENCH government has
fallen in the past during confer-
ences without affecting French
foreign policy, Prof. Pollock ex-
The Mayer Cabinet, most con-
servative of the 18 that have
ruled France since the libera-
tion was formed Jan. 17 after a
16-day crisis. Formation - of a
new government may be even
more difficult this time for the
rapid turnover in cabinets has
made the task of premier a
The issue on which Mayer lost
was a bill to give him special pow-
ers to slice a mounting deficit by
decree. He demanded a vote -of
confidence on the issue.
In the background, however, was
opposition to his proposal to cut
the subsidy of 85 million dollars a
year to wine and sugar growers
Distribution of the 1953
Michiganensian will continue
today from 3 to 5:30 p.m. at
the Student Publications Bldg.
Students must present sales
stubs to claim their yearbooks.
Schools Let Out;
By the Associated Press
A rare northern tornado sweep-
ing across the U. S.-Canadian
border late yesterday dealt death
and multi-million-dollar destruc-
tion in the twin cities of Sarnia
and Port Huron, Mich., and be-
yond in Southwestern Ontario.
Seven persons were reported
MANY WERE injured, most of
them apparently by flying glass
and debris. Parts of the twin cities
along the St. Clair River inter-
national boundary were left
mounds of rubble.
On the local scene the police
and fire departments were alert-
ed and the American Red Cross
had its disaster crews set for
action. The Weather Bureau and
Police Departments throughout
the area were flooded by fran-
tic calls requesting information
on the imminent tornado.
The Weather Bureau at Willow
Run 'Airport issued its first tor-
nado warnings qt 10 a.m. yester-.
day but by 6 p.m. it was apparent
that the danger had passed. The
Bureau recoided maximum winds
as high as 60 miles per hour for
the area. Heavy'rains and violent
electrical storms also occurred
throughout the area.
STORM WARNINGS from the
State Police office in Lansing mov-
ed officials of -East Ann Arbor
Public Schools to close down the
Pittsfield, Mitchell, and Stone
schools south of here. Ann Arbor
Schools were not dismissed.
Elsewhere in the state there.
was some damage done by the.
storms. Power lines were re-
ported down, windows were
smashed, and state forestry of-
ficials expressed fear that the
lightning might start forest
fires. Wind damage throughout
the state was light.
On the Great Lakes craft were
tied up and storm warnings were
issued to all boats on the water.
In the hard-hit cities of Sarnia
and Port Huron National Guard
and Civil Defense units rushed to
their posts in the wake of the tor-
nado and began their relief work.
State Police headquarters dis-
patched 50 troopers to the area.
The Detroit Red Cross blood bank
sent 250 units of blood to Port
According to the Willow Run
Weather Bureau, local weather to-
day would be windy and cool, with
some rain. The Toronto Weather
Bureau reported that the vortex
of the storm had passed out onto
A radio warning, broadcast by
station WTTH about 10 minutes
before the tornado hit Port Huron,
was credited with keeping the
death toll at a minimum.
The station, acting when the
storm was reported near, warned
citizens to take to their cellars.
Many of the residents, whose
homes were smashed by the winds,
found refuge in their cellars.
The newspaper, although with-
out electric power as was the ra-
dio station after the storm, mar-
shalled its full staff of reporters
and editors. It made arrangements
with Mt. Clemens Monitor-Leader
to publish an "extra" last night.
Newsmen and printers, all work-
ing by flashlight and candlelight,
started getting some of the copy
out in the Times-Herald building,
'Thorn To Discuss
Dr. George Thorn of the Har-
varid Medical School will sneak on
Hartley law. President Eisenhower issued a a
Smith declared the program was statement saying the primary pur-
prepared by the staff of the com- pose of the face-to-face meeting of THE AUTHORATATIVE Allied
mittee. He insisted it was not "a the Big three leaders was to tackle sources, otherwise unidentified,
Republican program," but con- "the many problems that must be said the revised plan-born out of
ceded that in discussions preced- solved co-operatively so that the long-range consultations with al-
ing the draft Republicans on the world cause of peace may be ad- lies-possibly would be offered on
committee endorsed at least some -anced. " a "now or never" basis. The Pan-
of the proposals. ,tmunjom talks will be resumed
But according to Associated Monday.
SMITH SAID the program would Press reports, Churchill and Mayer:
be the committee's "work sheet''immediately saw in the consulta- Peiping Red radio, still in-
be . tetomit'"or o tion a path toward a later meet- sisting the Allies were to blame
of actual amendments to the T-Hn ing with Kremlin leaders. "My for the deadlock over the pris-
law next week. n main hope," Churchill told Parlia- oner exchange issue, said re-
ment, "is that we may take a def- ports of a revised plan amounted
One major change in the pro- inite step forward to a meeting to "propaganda deception."
posed amendments would return of far graver import"-with Soviet
to the states the power to regu- Premier Georgi M. Malenkov. The authoritative Allied sources
'U' AUTHORITY PREDICTS:
Taft Farm Prices Plan
SMay Be Future Policy
late strikes, lockouts and pick-
eting, no matter what the federal
law might say on those subjects.
This would upset two Supreme
Court decisions involving Wiscon-
sin and Michigan labor laws. It
would throw out the doctrine that
the federal law must take prece-
dence over any conflicting, state
law in the regulation of strikes,
lockouts or picketing and would
vastly increase the power of states
to handle labor disputes.
* * *
Mayer will probably not be there
however. His Cabinet fell within
hours of the announcement of
plans for the meeting, having
tripped over strictly domestic is-
sues. But his attitude is indigenous
to France, and he or whoever
forms a new Cabinet is expected to
attend the conference and work
from the same viewpoint. There
may have to be a change in date.
said the revised plan would in-
clude some of the India plan
adopted last December by the UN
*~ * *
ON THE Korean front tough
South Korean troops yesterday
drove off Chinese Reds after a
bitter 12-hour battle for an Allied
outpost on a jagged Eastern Kor-
By BECKY CONRAD
Calling the farm support policy
suggested this week by Senator
Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio) "a fore-
cast of major policy changes if
present accumulation of goods
continues," Reo Christensen, for-
mer political science instructor
yesterday explained the proposed
administrative farm programs.
Christensen, who "has covered
agriculture department offices in
Washington during the past year
while collecting data for a doc-
toral thesis on the Brannan Plan,
explained that Taft's proposal
consists of no fixed level price sup-
ports. The Ohio Senator noted
earlier this week that farm pro-
ducts could not continue to be
penses.) Dollar shortages would
not prevent international sales if
prices were low enough, he noted,
and the resulting increase in world
commerce would encourage do-
2) An alternative dark-horse
plan is a program of price insur-
ance similar to Social Security.
Farmers would contribute a part
of their profits in good years to a
fund partially supported by the
government. This fund could be
returned to farmers in unprofit-
The highly controversial
Brannan Plan advocated four
points; direct payments on per-
ishable goods to the farm pro-
,BUSINESS RECEIPTS LEVY:
ALSO ON Capitol Hill yester- -
day Secretary of Treasury Hum-o
sidering all sorts of ideas, includ-
ing a national sales tax, as it -
works on a sweeping revision of By JANE HOWARD justed receipts are large enough
the nation's tax laws. The State House of Representa- ' to be subject to the tax would
The revision, which Humphrey tives voted Wednesday to pass the have to file a return to the Rev-
called "a brand new tax law," business receipts tax, which is ex- enue Department. Self-employed
will be sent to Congress in Jan- pected td raise $32,000,000 each individuals whose gross business
uary. year to balance the state budget. incomes exceeded $20,000 would
Humphrey declined to take a Based on gross income derived also be required to file their re-
personal stand for or against a from business activity, the tax will turns.
sales tax. But when asked at a news -1 .a, r f1 +,f,. +fn C
based on gross receipts derived
from Michigan business as com-
pared with total gross receipts, to
establish the extent of a taxpay-
er's share taxable in Michigan.
Passed Tuesday in the Sen-
ate, the tax is now awaiting
Gov. G. Mennen Williams' sig-
nature. It would. if signed. o