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April 21, 1953 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1953-04-21

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'U'-Ann Arbor
OO OFTEN the student who spends four
years time here actually knows very little
about the city he lives in. Though projects
are occasionally undertaken in political sci-
ence and sociology classes which bring him
in closer touch with Ann Arbor and its peo-
ple, the student's usual acquaintance with
the city begins and ends in a local cloth-
ing shop or restaurant.
With this condition in mind, the Ann Ar-
bor supplement appended to this issue of
The Daily has been prepared to give students
a broader look at the city, to outline the close
relationship maintained by the city with the
University and to show the expansion which
both are presently undergoing.
Although the base of University-city re-
lations may seem to be primarily financial,
this condition does not detract from the
mutual benefits which have come from the
relationship. By having the University
here, the city has escaped large scale in-
dustrialization which has completely al-
tered other Michigan cities of its size
and made them much less pleasant to live
in. Cuturally, the school has contributed
immeasurbaly to the city, and through this
cultural growth has attracted many re-
tired people to the area.
The University, on the other hand, has
gained a fairly cooperative city government,
a fine community and convenient location.
While participating in local governmental af-
fairs, its faculty members have added to the
University's prestige as well as aided the
Unfortunately, students have not cared
or been able to participate extensively in
civic affairs, but it should be hoped that
more student participation will eventually
be a reality.
With the University going forward on the
North Campus development and the city
looking to further growth, this marks a sig-
nifiicant time to examine the past relation-
ship, and plan even more successful coopera-
tion in the future.
-Harry Lunn
WASHINGTON-Several signs point to the
likelihood of growing friction between
the President and his Secretary of State,
John Foster Dulles.
Some observers compare the situation
with that which gradually developed be-
tween Woodrow Wilson and William Jen-
nings Bryan, a man who, like Dulles, had
established a reputation of his own before
he became Secretary of State and who
parted company with Wilson over Ger-
Eisenhower and Dulles have now had two
disagreements, one of them rather unpleas-
ant. It's now leaked out that Ike told off his
secretary of state in rather sharp language
following his press bumble on probable Ko-
rean truce terms. Eisenhower was really sore.
Afterward Gov. Sherman Adams remarked
to a friend: "We had to send Dulles north
to cool off."
The other disagreement was not unpleas-
ant but probably more important. When Ei-
senhower's recent speech proposing a new
peace offensive was sent to the State De-
partment for approval, Dulles and advis-
ers wanted to eliminate any references to
disarmament. This would have ruled out
the most dramatic and popular appeal of all
-namely, using money saved from arms to
rebuild the world.
REASON for the State Department's oppo-
sition was the belief that you couldn't put
the cart before the horse, that there could
be no disarmament until political problems
were solved. In other words, until Russia
pulled out of the satellite nations and evac-

uated Austria, it would be impossible to re-
duce armament; so any promise of disarm-
ament, the State Department argued, would
only confuse our friends in Europe.
However, Emmett Hughes, formerly of
Life Magazine and the man who chiefly
wrote the speech, together with C. D.
Jackson, former publisher of Fortune Mag-
azine, argued that Eisenhower had to give
people hope. In order to lead the world,
you had to give people hope of peace and
hope of relief' from the crushing burden
of armament. They won out.
Secretary Dulles and advisors got their
way, however, on one important point. They
knocked out of the speech a proposal that
the United States call a council of foreign
ministers to consider the Eisenhower plan
for peace and reconstruction.
For Eisenhower to put this in his speech,
the State Department argued, would put
the burden of execution on the United
States. It was better to put the next move
up to the Russians.
On this Secretary Dulles and advisers won
S EN DICK RUSSELL of Georgia, most
powerful backstage Democrat on Capitol
Hill, is a man of stern visage. He doesn't
look as if he had a. sense of humor.
The other day, Republican Senate lead-
ers approached him regarding a matter on
which they wanted his support-Maj. Gen.
Harry Vaughan, the ex-president's military
President Eisenhower had sent Vaughan's
A tt haf fr n,,. nn,,,- n an

A Chat With a Korean Vet

HE HAD had just enough drinks to make
him communicative, and so, he was quite
willing to turn to the unpleasant subject of
the Korean battlefront, from whence he had
come only the week before. Throughout the
conversation I sat in relative silence, inter-
posing an occasional question to draw him
While in service, he had originally been
a Navy medic, but by some quirk of
bureaucracy had been shifted to a Marine
Corps division near Bunker Hill and Pan-
He had spent the better part of a year
and a half dodging deadly shells as he made
his endless rounds picking up wounded com-
bat Marines.
I asked him if he had read the American
papers since his return, reporting that Gen-
eral Van Fleet claimed a tremendous arms
shortage in Korea.
He said he had and then I asked him
whether his division or any others he knew
of had ever suffered a shortage of supplies
when they needed it. He said they hadn't.
"Like everything in war," he explained,
"things are rationed. The same is true of
guns and ammunition. But when we need-
ed it, or when we expected to be hit by
the enemy, we would get whatever we
needed from supply if we asked for it."
He had only one difficulty in this respect.
One night when his outpost was expecting
to be hit, his outfit requisitioned some rifles.
When the rifles arrived, they were packed
in thick, black grease.
"In normal daylight," he continued, "it
would have taken us a few hours to remove
the grease from the guns and get them ready
for use. As it was, we couldn't clean the
guns that night, because we feared any
light we used to see what we were doing
might have drawn enemy fire. Fortunately,
there was no attack.
I questioned him about the pattern of at-
tack used by the Chinese Communists and
North Koreans.
He said that unlike the Germans or
Americans (he had also served in the last
world war), the Communists use a new

combination of artillery and ground at-
"When our own forces begin an offensive,"
he maintained, ''an artillery barrage usual-
ly levels the target area, ceases, and then
our troops move in."
"The Communists never think of lifting
their barrages until their troops are within
arms-length of ours," he went on. "They are
quite willing to lose 40 per cent of their men
by their own artillery fire in order to gain
their objective.
"What makes it doubly difficult to stop
such an attack," he added, "is the fact that
our troops are pinned down by the shells
and can't get out of their fox-holes to halt
the charging Reds."
He also spoke about the manner in which
the Communists used their troops.
"When a Communist division is sent up
to the front lines," he said, "it is not ex-
pected to come back."
His division had been fighting the rem-
nants of a Mongolian division for almost
four months before the last soldier had been
I asked him about our allies.
He said that most of them are good fight-
ing men. He had come across English, Scot
and Turkish troops in his sector of the line
and praised their conduct highly.
He talked about the ROKs and said that
in the past few months they had begun to
shape up. He pointed out that they are now
defending most of the battlefront.
"Their marine divisions are especially
effective, mostly because of their stringent
I asked him about the longest consecutive
number of days he had spent on the firing
"One hundred and three," he said.
"Isn't that a little long," I queried.
He nodded and said that someone had
fouled up on replacements.
We spoke for a while longer and he re-
luctantly showed me some pictures of the
Korean wounded and dead.
We had a few more drinks and then, called
it an evening.
-Mark Reader

"We Have Documentary Evidence That This
Man Is Planning A Trip To Moscow"
f{ /
41° "
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the

University of Michigan
May 29 - June 9
NOTE: For courses having both lectures and recitations, the
time of class is the time of the first lecture period of the week;
for courses having recitations only, the time of the class is the
time of the first recitation period. Certain courses will be ex-
amined at special periods as noted below the regular schedule.
12 o'clock classes, 4 o'clock classes, 5 o'clock classes and other
"irregular" classes may use any examination period provided
there is no conflict (or one with conflicts if the conflicts are ar-
ranged for by the "irregular" classes).
Each student should receive notification from his instructor
as to the time and place of his examination. In the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, no date of examination may
be changed without the consent of the Committee on Examina-
tion Schedules,

Time of Class

Time of Examination




Friday, May 29
Saturday, May 30
Tuesday, June 2
Thursday. June 4
Monday, June 1
Wednesday, June 3
Friday, June 5
Thursday, June 4
Monday, June 1
Wednesday, June 3
Friday, May 29
Saturday, May 30
Tuesday, June 2
Friday, June 5


--- I


WASHINGTON -The President's foreign
policy address to the American newspa-
per editors was nobly conceived and nobly ex-
ecuted, it offered a new hope and a new faith
which the whole tired world has greedily
welcomed. So much is hardly news any long-
er. What is still news and valuably illuminat-
ing to boot, is the process by which this
speech was produced.
The process was long. Work on the
speech actually started on March 6. It was
the day after Stalin died, when President
Eisenhower first outlined the sort of thing
he wanted to say to his chief speech-writ-
er, Emmett Hughes, and his chief psycho-
logical warrior, C. D. Jackson. The motive
then, as when the speech was delivered,
was to use the opportunity of the new
world situation to seize the political ini-
But seizing the initiative is rarely easy in
the cumbersome and far from maneuverable
American government, with its channels
and its clearances, its compartments and
its complex systems of coordination. The
White House, the State Department, the
Defense Department, the intelligence
services and a few other lesser bodies were
all actively involved. Everyone had his fa-
vorite contribution, and above all, everyone
had his favorite set of don'ts. The result
was summed up in the remarks of one tired
"I kept count until I'd read seven drafts,
and then I stopped counting.
Such endless re-drafting was not necessi-
tated by mere nit-picking; either. Boldness
versus caution was the main theme of the
debate, with the White House advocating
boldness and the State Department quite
properly championing caution. The charac-
ter of the struggle may be judged by what
was left in the final version of the speech,
and also by what was left out. What was
left out may be summarized as follows:
The first drafts included proposals for
free elections, not only in Germany and
Korea, but in Indo-China as well.
At the beginning, White House thinking
did not absolutely rule out the disarmament
and unification of Germany, following free
elections and German unification. (This
A SOCIETY that emphasizes regimenta-
tion above reason is a society that is
consumed by fear and is losing hope. The
psychological pestilence of fear can do more
to immobilize the spiritual and psysical re-
sources of a people than any esternal en-
emy. It is the responsibility of democratic
liberalism to challenge the concept of fear:
to meet it head-on and to destroy it.
What is needed is a full understanding of
our great political and spiritual heritage,
a reaffirmation of faith in those inalienable

trend of thought harked back to the forty-
year German disarmament guarantee which
Secretary of State James F. Byrnes offered
the Kremlin nearly seven years ago.)
Some White House thinkers also strong-
ly advocated a call for an immediate meet-
ing of the Council of Foregin Ministers, with
the possible addition of representatives of
Communist China, conditional on a Korean
truce having been successfully negotiated.
Free elections in Indo-China were
quickly dropped from the speech for the
reason that the swing there is only half-
complete. The Indo-Chinese Communists
are only just beginning to lose their for-
mer glamor as champions of native na-
tionalism. The State and Pentagon also
had little trouble in knocking out the hint
about a neutralized Germany. Such a hint
would have proven American willingness
to make great concessions for peace. But
it would also have stopped our whole Euro-
pean policy and NATO program dead in
their tracks.
The bitterest dispute raged over the pro-
posal for a Foreign Minister's meeting in-
cluding the Chinese Communists. The White
House argued that such a meeting was
needed to find out where we really stood in
the post-Stalin era. Certain members of the
White House staff wanted China brought in,
to test the real nature of Sino-Soviet rela-
tions. The State Department replied that
bringing in China meant half-recognizing
China. And as for suggesting a Foreign
Ministers' meeting, it would give the French
a green light to shelve the European De-
fense Community and Germany treaty.
State won that round, but lost a less hard-
fought round which might have deprived
the speech of its real pith. The question ar-
gued was whether the President's proposals
for world disarmament and world recon-
struction were timely now, or whether they
ought to be delayed until later. The Krem-
lin's good faith should first be proven, said
the Department, by settling such outstand-
ing issues as the Austrian treaty. Our own
will to make a real peace must now be dem-
onstrated before all the world, said the
President himself. And that, fortunately,
was the end of that.
The participants must often have been
exasperated by this haggling over what
to say and what not to say. Yet the longer
one studies the process and its results,
the healthier it seems.
The professional diplomatic experience of
the State Department usefully corrected the
exuberance of the White House staff. The
fresh approach and undimmed energy of
the new men at the White House valuably
counter-acted the partial shell-shock of the
diplomats, caused by long years of dealing
with the Russians. And so the President
struck a new note of American leadership,

YD Meeting ..
To the Editor:
THIS EVENING at 7:30 p.m. in
the Union, the Young Demo-
cratic Club will hold an important
meeting. I strongly suggest that
the young lady, who, in Sunday's
"Daily," advocated the formation
of a committee to inculcate cam-
pus-wide "apathy," refrain from
attending this meeting, unless she
desires to become completely dis-
illusioned concerning prospects of
success for her project. While, un-
fortunately, many other campus
activities are finding it difficult to
inspire more than a shrug of the
shoulders on the part of prospec-
tive enthusiasts, the Young Demo-
cratic Club can point with some
satisfaction to the fact, that its
present membership far exceeds
that of last year and that the
scope of its activities has broad-
ened proportionately. In spite of
these facts the Young Democrats
believe that only a fraction of
potential membership has been
attracted into the club.
The Young Democrats consider
as potential members all those who
believe in good government in the
New and Fair Deal tradition. The}
YD welcomes all those who be-
lieve progressive, liberal Democ-
racy should be the rule in the na-
tion, the state, the city and on
the campus. All such people should
be anxious to gather beneath the'
banner of an, organization that
needs their support to carry on
expanded activities and is willing
to give expression to those liberal
views of which there is undoubted-
ly a dearth on the pages of news-
papers and in the halls of national
and state legislatures.
At this evening's YD meeting a
discussion will take place concern-
ing short and long run plans. From
ideas advanced in this discussion
may come an entire new concep-
tion of the possibilities for action
and education activities open to a
political club. Election of officers
for the coming year will also be
part of the order of the day.
Needless to say, everyone will be:
David J. Kornbluh

teach; universities should not takeI
over the functions of the courts
but would do well to follow Sen-
ator Taft's statement (before he
watered it down) that no profes-
sor should be removed unless he
is actually teaching Communism
in the classroom and has been
shown to be influencing his stu-
Supreme Court Justice Stanley
Reed said that it is true that the
colleges are afraid that their aca-
demic freedom may be lost, but
said he could not see how it could
ever happen. But the fact is that
operating in the existent sphere
of emotionalism the individual
(whether he be professor, politi-
cian, union member) may limit
his freedom of expression by self-
imposed restrictions which would
be unwarranted if the country
were thinking rationally.
SSurely there is nothing illegal
in a college depriving_ a teacher of
his job because of his political
views any more than there is any-
thing illegal in congressional in-
vestigations. But jusf as citizens
and politicians are giving in to{
the emotions of the times when
they allow congressional commit-!
tees to run wild-eyed over the spir-
it of the Constitution if not its
body, so are the colleges when they
adopt an attitude such as that ex-
pressed in the AAU's statement.
-Vernon C. Emerson, '54L
S* *
Chip Off ...
To the Editor:
I AM WRITING to protest the ir-
responsibility shown by the ar-
ticle on "Ingenious Travelers" by
Gayle Greene in The Daily for
April 19th. Sandwiched in among
numerous unobjectionable state-
ments in the article are at least
two rather ominous ones. "The
Horatio Algers among continental
travelers admit their success some-
times calls for a little insensiti-
vity and closing one eye in order
to deal with black markets . .
"Buying money on the black mar-
ket gives the traveler a sense of
the illicit as well as a big saving
but for those whose consciences
might suffer . . ." Such statements
seem to me to imply that honesty

These regular examination periods have precedence over
any special period scheduled concurrently. Conflicts must be
arranged by the instructor of the "special" class.


Special examination periods will be arranged by instructors
for degree candidates in the group finals that occur June 6,*
June 8, or June 9: separate lists of degree candidates will be
furnishedronly for these special exam periods.
* Degree candidates may take exams on June 6, instead of
having special exam periods, however, only 24 hours are avail-
able until the final due date for grades to be filed with the
Registrar's Office for degree candidates which is Sunday, June
7, at 4 p.m.
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any neces-
sary changes will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any neces-
sary changes will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
Individual examinations by appointment will be given for all
applied music courses (individual instruction) elected for credit
in any unit of the University. For time and place of examina-
tions, see bulletin board in the School of Music.
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any neces-
sary changes will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any neces-
sary changes will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
* * * *
College of Engineering
May 29 - June 9
NOTE: For courses having both lectures and quizzes, the
time of class is the time of the first lecture period of the week;
for courses having quizzes only, the time of class is the time of
the first quiz period.
Certain courses will be examined at special periods as noted
below the regular schedule. All cases of conflicts between as-
signed examination periods must be reported for adjustment.
See bulletin board outside of Room 3044 East Engineering Build-
ing between May 12 and May 19 for instruction. To avoid mis-
understandings and errors each student should receive notifi-
cation from his instructor of the time and place of his appear-
ance in each course during the period May 29 to June 9.
No date of examination may be changed without the consent
of the Classification Committee.

Sociology 51, 54, 60. 90
English 1, 2
Economics 51, 52, 53, 54
Chemistry 1, 3, 4, 6, 12
Psychology 31
Botany 1, 2, 122
Zoology 1
French 1, 2, 11. 12, 31.
German 1, 2, 31, 32
Spanish 1, 2, 31, 32
Political Science 2

Saturday, May 30
Saturday, May 30
Tuesday, June 2
Friday, June 5
Saturday, June 6
Saturday, June 6
Saturday. June 6
Monday, June 8
Monday, June 8
Tuesday, June 9
Tuesday, June 9


r= *M is largely a matter of taste, some
like it and some don't. I have a
A cdedmc Freedom . .. notion that every time such a

To the Editor:
ONE of America's most compell-
ing problems - abandonment
of the principle of freedom for the
individual - was brilliantly point-
ed up at the Law School's recent
Founder's Day celebration by
Charles E. Clark, Judge of the
Federal Court of Appeals for the
Second Circuit. Judge Clark talked
of the problem mainly as it effects
academic freedom, but his declara-
tion can be applied to the whole
realm of fear, near hysteria, which
Americans have allowed them-
selves to fall and be pushed into.
At the chance of losing much of
the essence of his remarks I would
sum up Judge Clark's words thus-
ly: There has been no showing of
an impending danger which justi-
fies the recent attacks on Ameri-
can colleges; we must live with
the threats fromabroad for many
years; this means the development
of a mature, level-headed ap-
proach to such threats rather than
our past instinctively self-preserv-
ative reactions which have result-
ed in a loss of the freedom to dis-
cuss, debate and differ; these reac-
tions have led to the adoption of
urocedures to protect the inner in-

statement is made and goes un-
challenged one more bit is chipped
off of the foundations of civiliza-
-Joshua McClennen
Sixty-Third Year
Edited and managed by studerts of
the University of Michigantundersthe
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Crawford Young.....Managing Editor
Barnes Conna be...... ....City Editor'
Cal Samra... .......Editorial Director
Zander Hollander.......Feature Editor
Sid Klaus . . .Associate City Editor
Harland Britz.........Associate Editor
Donna Hendleman......Associate Editor
Ed Whipple....... ..... .Sports Editor
John Jenke. Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewel ..... Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine Butler........Women's Editor
Mary Jane Mills, Assoc. Women's Editor
Don Campbell. Chief PhotographerI
Business Staff
Al Green..........Business Manager
Milt Goetz.......Advertising Manager
Diane Johnston.... Assoc. Business Mgr

Time of, Class




Time of Examination
Friday, May 299
Saturday, May 309
Tuesday, June 29
Thursday, June 4
Monday, June 19
Wednesday, June 3 2
Friday, June 52
Thursday, June 42
Monday, June 1
Wednesday, June 3 9
Friday, May 292
Saturday, May 302
Tuesday, June 22
Friday, June 59



EE 5
Economics 53, 54
Drawing 1
1M" h, C)C

Saturday, May 30
Tuesday, June 2
*Tuesday, June 2
* Tiaarn . T 0



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