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March 31, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-03-31

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THE RIGHTS
See Page 4

Yl r e

Latest Deadline in the State

47Iati

CLOUDY, SHOWERS

V04 LXIII, No. 125 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 31, 1953

SIX PAGES

P

I

P* * *
Cark Proposes

Truce

*

* *

Talk Renewal

Faculty Discusses
Academic Rights
Universities' Academic Freedom
Report Prompts Faculty Concern
By ERIC VETTER
University faculty members voiced opposition last night to a
statement by the Association of American Universities concerning
academic freedom and the "rights and responsibilities of universities
and their faculties."
The report, drafted by a five-man committee headed by Prince-
ton University President Harold W. Dodds, drew criticism on two
main issues. They are:
1) Universities should "re-examine" the qualifications of pro-
fessors invoking the Fifth Amendment against self-incrimination in
refusing to answer questions. *-- _
These professors should bear a i
heavy burden of proof of their L L a m e
fitness to continue teaching.a
2) Membership in the Com-j1 ,,l 2X1~
m un ist P arty requires the accept-a c e f pr n i l s a d m t o s
ance of principles and methods
which removes the right to a uni-
versity position. Exad
* * St

POW Trade
Seen As Key
To Proposal
Chinese Leader
Advances Plan
BULLETIN
Gen. Mark Clark proposed a
renewal of Korean truce talks-.
if the Reds agree to a satisfac-
tory exchange of sick and
wounded war prisoners it was
revealed early today.
Clark made his statement in
a letter delivered yesterday aft-
ernoon to Communist liaison
men at Panmunjom where
armistice negotiations languish-
ed for months before they were
broken off last Oct. 8. The UN
commander listed two main
points:
1. Liaison groups meet at
Panmunjom "at your earliest
convenience to make necessary
detailed arrangements for the
exchange of these sick and
wounded captured personnel."
2. "It will be prepared to in-
struct my liaison group as a

w I
ii I
- I x
t 1-4
N '.

86 Seek Officer,
Board, SL Posts
'Cloudy, Rain' Forecast May Limit
Opening Day Vote; 4,000 Hoped
By'VIRGINIA VOSS
Annual all-campus elections today and tomorrow brought the
traditional voting-day weather forecast-cloudy with occasional show-
ers-but Student Legislature personnel kept their hopes pinned on a
4,000 first day count.
The more than 800 students manning polling booths at 17
campus locations will handle a total of 10 ballots in the two-day
voting.
EIGHTY-SIX CANDIDATES are in the running for the 48 officer.

and board positions. Biggest race
involves 31 students running for
20 SL seats.
Remaining candidates seek
senior class officer positions in
the literary and engineering col-
leges, seven Union vice-presi-
dencies, nine J-Hop Committee
posts, three seats on the Board
in Control of Student Publica-
tions and. one position on the
Board in Control of Intercol-
legiate Athletics.
One all-campus referendum ask-
ing student opinion on a book-
store in the proposed Union addi-
tion and another solely for men
students seeking approval of the
revised Union constitution are also
on the ballots.

Quad Council
Cites Broken
VotingRules.
By ALICE BOGDONOFF
Charges that three all-campus
election candidates have violated
quadrangle electioneering rules
were leveled last night by the
West Quad Council.
The three candidates accused
of violations were Al Strauss,
Grad., Student Legislature candi-
date; Bob Perry, '53, Union vice-

_ _

IN OBJECTING to these state-
ments, Prof. Amos H.. Hawley,
chairman of the sociology depart-
ment, said the report assumes only
one reason for a person to invoke;
For the complete text of the
Association's release see page 4.
the Fifth" Amendment, and the
placing of a heavy burden of
proof on the individual "shifts
the burden of guilt to the accused
and does not leave it with the'
accuser."
"It bestows a kind of second-
class citizenship on teachers,"
Prof. Hawley continued, "and1
goes along with what investigat-
ing committees are doing."
Prof. Wesley H. Maurer, chair-
man of the journalism depart-
ment, said, "A professor's refusal
to answer the questions of a Con-
gressional investigating committee
regarding his political or re'ligious
affiliations should not raise doubts
as to his fitness to teach, if in
other tested ways his fitness hasE
already been demonstrated and
accepted."
TAKING sharp issue with the
association's statement, Prof. Pres-
ton W. Slosson of the history de-
partment said judging a person on
membership in the Communist
Party is judging before the event
without proof of harmful prac-
tices or actions.
"Anyone is foolish in refusing
to answer questions because it
renders him liable to suspicion,"
he said, "but the only test should
be his individual fitness and not
the Constitutional rights he ex-
ercises.
Disagreeing with the other fac-
ulty members, Prof. Frank Grace
of the political science department
said "holding membership in the
Communist Party in itself amounts
to disloyalty as it involves sup-
porting abelief which advocates
our destruction." He said "we
must remember we have duties to
follow and the status of right can
be overemphasized."
The University and 36 other
leading American and Canadian
universities make up the Associa-
tion, which speaks for its members
on policy matters of common in-
terests.
Calling the release "a splendid
statement," University President
Harlan H. Hatcher called at "a
guiding document with no legal
binding" and was drawn up be-
cause the universities felt some
clear-cut views and opinions were
needed on the general auestion.

% i. . e0 l

Student opposition to the change

" 5 -
C tla:

in final exam schedules grew yes- second order of business to meet
terday as the Student Legislature with your liaison group to ar-
cabinet moved to study the situa- range for a resumption of ar-
tion and the Senior Board pre- mistice negotiations by our re-
pared to discuss the matter at spective delegations."
their meeting tonight. The change,
which moved exams up one day to By the Associated Press
Friday, May 29, was made by a Red China's Premier Chou En-
special Commencement Commit- lai last night proposed a compro-
tee of representatives from schools mise for ending the 35-month-old
and colleges affected after ap- Korean War.j
proval by the executive commit- The heart of it was to send war'
tees of the same schools and col- prisoners unwilling to go home to
leges. a "neutral state" and let coun-
No students were consulted in tries concerned talk it over with
the decision. them.
A TWO-FOLD program was BUT THE Red Premier did notE
adopted by the SL cabinet be- spell out clearly if such prisonerst
cause of the effects of the change would be allowed to choose their'
and the lack of student consulta- future.,
tion. The SL action includes: Chou made it quite clear the'
(1) Sounding out of student Reds held mental reservations;
opinion through the Senior about the key issue-what to do
Board and class committees of about more than 51,000 Com-
the schools effected. munist prisoners of way who say
they don't want to go home.
(2) Investigations of past Meanwhile, badly-mauled Chi-
methods, the manner in which nese Reds switched from power-
other large universities conduct yesterday 30 miles north of H8TAI
graduation and possible alter- house punches to sneak stabs yes-
native proposals at the Univer- terday 30 miles north of Seoul,
sity. where U. S. Marines estimate they;
Jack Flynn, '53A, Senior Board knocked out a Red regiment, 3,000t
chairman, said the Board would to 3,500 men, in the past five daysE
discuss the lack of student con- of furious fighting.-
sultation in the exam change at Triumphant Marines on Vegan
their meeting at 7:15 p.m. today Hill brokeup two Chinese at-
in the SL Bldg. tempts to slip up on the position.
The exam change brought gen-
eral nnnncit~inn frn1AU UL i r1±L W i -

* * * president candidate
ELECTION BOOTHS will be Hicks, '54, candidate
open continuously from 8 a.m. to senior class treasurer.
5 p.m. today and tomorrow. Per- * * *

and Fred
for SL and

WHERE TO VOTE-The 17 campus polling places open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. today and tomorrow
are shown in the above diagram. Any person holding a life-time Union membership may record
his opinion on the revised Union constitution referendum at the polling booth in front of the
Union. For student voters, ID cards are the only election requirements.
DISCRIMINATION SURVEY:.
Housing List Change Asked
By HARRY LUNN Erich A. Walter. "We do not die- said they would feel free to answerI
A motion to eliminate listings tate to them on what they may alisting which did not specify
with racial or national origin'i include," he said. ;race or national origin.
ulificat i thAfOffffairsde,-ca
qudent fairs off-c mpus hou - Some of the cards in the file Only 15 students felt listings
ing file will be placed before the specify that only Negro or Chinese without these qualifications
Student Legislature, according to students may apply, Davis said. would not be available to them.
SL Human Relations Committee It is largely this "positive discrim- Survey results also showed that
chairman, Sam Davis, '53 ination" that the motion would 34 out of 54 students felt "the
'_ ..I'- ' . f.niiend, he explained. 4 t 4s sfelt-the

See Pages 2 and 3 of today's
issue for a comprehensive vot-
ing guide.
sonnel are set to move booths and
ballots indoors in case forecast
showers materialize.
With competition sharply re-
duced from last. spring's 114-
candidate" slate, SL officials
looked the other way to steadily.
increasing voting percentages in
the past and hoped for a record
turnout.
Anything over a 47 per cent vote
will set a campus record, accord-
ing to Berry. This would require
a two-day tally of 7,196.
Along with SL officials, Presi-
dent Harlan H. Hatcher and
Dean of Students Erich A. Walt-
er yesterday urged the campus to
try for the record.
President Hatcher emphasized
that the voting habit is an essen-
tial part of citizenship.
Dean Walter issued the follow-
ing statement:
"Today and tomorrow the stu-
dents have an opportunity to prove
that they are free of the voter
apathy that is all too evident in
society at large.
"Best wishes for a record-break-
ing vote."

t
i
1
i

Under the proposal only land-
lords willing to rent their hous-
ing without such qualifications
would be listed.
THE PROPOSAL results from a
survey of discrimination 'in off-
campus housing conducted by the
Human Relations Committee with
Survey Research Center assist-
ance.
Of the Negro and foreign stu-
dents who returned question-
naires, 47 out of 52 favored a
list without racial or national
origin specifications. They gen-
erally felt that such a survey
would make it easier to find
housing.
At present landlords may bring
in cards for the file which include
their own qualifications for room-
ers, according to Dean of Students

eras oppositon from stuaents wno
complained about the lack of time
to prepare for exams, the long dur-
ation of the exam period and the
loss of a class day during the final
week of school.
Seniors voiced opposition to
crowding exams into a shorter per-
iod of time and the full week's
lapse before graduation.

Young iemocrats
Will MeetToday-
The Young Democrats will meet
at 7:30 p.m. today in Rm. 3-G of
the Union to discuss the question
of labor legislation with emphasis
on the Taft-Hartley law.

7
E

* * *
IN ANSWERING the question-j
naires, 46 of those who replied1
World News
!Roundup
By the Associated Press
WASHINGTON - The Senate'
approved President Eisenhower's
plan to create a new Cabinet-rank{
department of health, education
and welfare.
ROME - Club-wielding police
smashed Communist riots down
the length of the Italian penin-
sula yesterday.
Thousands of demonstrators
were taken into custody in new
riots last night. Scores were in-
jured.
WASHINGTON-Congression-
al leaders met with President
Eisenhower yesterday and later
said plans were outlined to
slash U. S. foreign aid spending.
WASHINGTON-Mutual Secur-
ity Director Harold E. Stassen yes-
terday angrily accused Sen. Mc-
Carthy (R-Wis.) of interfering
with the nation's foreign policy by
negotiating an agreement with'
Greek ship owners to halt trade
with Red China and North Korea.
WASHINGTON-CIO President
Walter Reuther said yesterday he

OPINIONS VITAL:
Campus To Decide Union W ing Issue

present method of specifying ra-
cial or national origin in listing
off-campus housing implies that
the University condones discrim-
ination."
Asked if a list free from these
specifications would "reduce any
possible University support of dis-
crimination," 26 answered in the
affirmative, four in the negative
and 19 said they did not feel the
University is now supporting dis-
crimination.

STRAUSS, who is not a -quad
resident, and Perry, a resident of
East Quad who was accused or
the same violation last fall, were
named for "door to door" solicit-
ing and slipping campaign litera-
ture under quad room doors re.
spectively.
Hicks, who lives in East Qad
and appeared at the Council
meeting, told the members he
had put campaign literature in
the washrooms of several of the
houses.
After hearing the charges pre-
sented by .Ted Bohuszewicz, '53A,
the West Quad Council passed a
motion to refer the cases to the
Inter-House Council Judiciary for
a decision as to the guilt of the
students.
Bohuszewicz pointed out that
if the students are found guilty
the IIC can take action against
quad residents Hicks and Perry
and make recommendations to
the Joint Judiciary Council in
regard to Strauss.
In the case of*Strauss and Per-
ry, the .Council specifically based
their charges on the University
regulation which prohibits "room
to room soliciting of votes." Hicks
is said to have disregarded several
individual house rules against pos-
ters in washrooms.
Answering the Council's
charges, Hicks, who has taken
down his literature, said he did
not feel he was violating "either
the spirit or the letter of the
house rules."
Strauss claimed he had secured
permission from South Quad presi-
dent Booth Tarkington, '54, and
resident advisors of goth Gomberg
and Lloyd houses for room to room
campaigning.
Perry could not be reached for
comment.
Malcolm Seeks
Place il World
When Keats was only 22 years
old he had made a great poetic
contribution to the world.
So had Mozart, in the field of
music.
Donald Malcolm, '53, is now in
his dotage, but he still hopes to
make his contribution to the.
Sworld's literature before he is tak-
en away.'
The vehicle is the Gargoyle of
which he is Managing Editor.' It
hits the streets tomorrow and will
cost 25 cents. Gargoyle is a humour

CHICAGO UNIVERSITY :
YR Federation Requests
Student'sReinstatement.
By DIANE DECKER
The Midwestern Federation of College Young Republican Clubs
is sending a petition to the University of Chicago this week asking
that graduate student Bob Andelson, recently denied an MA degree
in ethics, be reinstated.
The YR petition expressed the opinion that charges that Andel-
son was "morally and ethically" unqualified for the degree were po-
litically inspired.
ANDELSON was refused his degree after publishing an article in
the "American Student," published by Students for America of which
he is vice-director, entitled, "U. of .- °

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first
in a series of articles dealing with
the proposed Union wing. In the dis-
cussion stage for several years, a
decision on the addition is expected
soon.
By HARLAND BRITZ
Daily Associate Editor
The future of the proposed wing
to the Union lies in the hands of
the University's students and
alumni.
With a major policy decision ex-
pected within the-next six months,
theo TTrrrnm.cit+ mmn, t, r +

which, if any, ° of the proposals
are best suited to the needs of
the campus. ,
It is possible that a poll will be
taken of Union members after sev-
eral alternatives have been sug-
gested. The League has already
been called into consultation and
alumni groups may also be solicit-
ed for their opinion. The need for
popular endorsement is hightened
by the posibility of a student tax.
*

for the least clearly defined sec-
tion of the addition-that an-
nex currently referred to as the
student activities wing. Since
both men and women are con-
cerned with the new building,
the Union Board cannot go
ahead with plans until they
know how everybody wants the
wing to fujnction.
Some student leaders feel that
a student activities wing could
profitably be annexed to the Union,

Chicago-Springboard for Krem-
lin's Propaganda." It later ap-
peared in a paid advertisement in
the Chicago Maroon, student news-
paper at the University.
In his article, the student
charged Chicago University of-
ficials with harboring Commu-
nist groups and maintained that

lication, of leftist incidents occur-
ring during the Kimpton admin-
istration.
Other action taken by the
Federation at its weekend con-
vention in. Bloomington, Id.,
included passage of a resolution
endorsing Sen. Joseph McCar-
thy (R-Wis)..

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