THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 11, 1953
_________________________________________________________________________ I U I
By CRAWFORD YOUNG
Daily Managing Editor
PRESIDENT Harold W. Dodds of Prince-.
ton, in an article evaluating the ROTC
program in the March issue of tae Atlantic
Monthly, pointed up a serious problem fac-
ing the academic community today-that
of finding a permanent niche for an ex-
panded ROTC program.
The Armed Services have apparently com-
mitted themselves to ROTC as the cold war
method of filling its officer ranks, with many
Officers' Candidate Schools being shut
down. More than 300,000 students are cur-
rently enrolled, almost one fourth of the
male college population. The program is
now producing 30,000 Army, Navy and Air
Force officers per year, with the ultimate
goal about twice that figure.
There can be no doubt of the benefits
of an ROTC program fot4 those that wish
to join it, and it is difficult to disagree with
the Defense Department's thesis that
this scheme is the best method of obtain-
ing the volume of junior grade officers
necessary to maintain a large military
establishment. The wartime record of
ROTC officers has, on the whole, been
However, there are certain drawbacks in
the program as constituted which indicate
a need for revision of some of the aims and
methods of the ROTC.
First of all, enrollment in ROTC involves
approximately 20 per cent of the student's
academic curriculum. The subject matter is
mostly of a technical nature, and cannot be
said to contribute very much to the stu-
dent's educational experience. The caliber of
the instruction is occasionally, particularly
in the freshman and sophomore years. not
up to the standards which would be expected
in academic departments.
This all involves a substantial sacri-
flee on the part of the student enroll-
ing in the program. He must give up a sig-
nificant proportion on his educational op-
portunity in order to join ROTC. For the
serious student, this is a real stumbling
For this deficiency in the present program,
President Dodds has a remedy. At Princeton
' this year, in place of the first year Army and
Air Force course is, a survey of military
history and its broder social, economic, and
political implications. The orientation of
this experimental curriculum is towards re-
focussing the emphasis from "knowing how"
to "knowing why."
The instruction is done by faculty person-
nel, in cooperation with the military. Par-
ticular attention is given to such vital topics
as the political and administrative problems
arising from the maintenance of large mil-
itary establishments in a democratic society
and the role of the military in the ,formula-
tion of foreign policy.
Due praise must be given to the Armed
Services, particularly the Army and the Air
Force, for their willingness to reevaluate
their program and cooperate in this trial
It is only sensible that they do so-the
defects of the existing set-up are manifest.
These that go through the course have
found invariably that most of the material
is forgotten as fast as it is learned, be-
cause it has no relevancy to the college
communiy in which the student lives.. Not
until summer camp when he has an op-
portunity to rehash the instruction in con-
centrated form, with an opportunity for
practical application, does the course have
During the first two years in particular
technical ROTC topics could be avoided.
What is learned then for examinations is
long forgotten by the time there is a chance
to use it.
The cold war is here to stay-and the
ROTC expansion seems one good way to
meet the situation. But the program should
be subjected to the close scrutiny and eval-
uation of both the Armed Forces and the
colleges. Any practical methods for bring-
ing the ROTC program more in line with the
general academic tone of the campus com-
munity without impairing its basic aims
should be accorded full consideration.
President Dodds' proposal seems to be an
excellent starting point.
By JOSEPH and S
WASHINGTON-Maybe it is just as well
that the perpetual crisis in Iran en-
tered one of its incandescent stages at this
time. Last week, Secretary of State John
Foster Dulles and British Foreign Secre-
tary Anthony Eden could talk the probletn
over face to face, directly, frankly and with-
out the obstacles created by cable communi.
cations. Under the whiplash of necessity,
they may even have agreed, at long last,
on a positive, common policy In the Middle
The need is certainly dire. The drama
at Tehran is only one part of a broad
and terrifying pattern, in which the other
parts are also close to incandescence.
In recent weeks. the American Ambassa-
dors throughout the Middle East, and es-
pecially in the Arab countries, have begun
to take a tone of downright despair in their
messages to the State Department. The
Arab-Israeli dispute has dragged on too
long. Anti-American feeling has grown
more and more inflamed. The new anti-
Semitism of the Kremlin has greatly in-
creased the inflamation.
There are grave immediate dangers. For
instance, if the Kremlin chooses to send
arms to Col. Shishekly. the dictator of
Syria, the sequel may easily be another
outbreak of large-scale fighting . between
Arabs and Israelis. (The border war goes
on interminably, like a low fever.) Or the
Soviets can arm the Iraqi dissidents. Or
there can be some other sort of irreparable
breakdown or governmental crisis. This
would happen even in Egypt, which is the
only place where the trend of events is at
In this somber picture, Iran has a
double importance. One of the causes
of the troubles that overtook the aging
Premier Mossadegh over the week-end. is
a division of power over the army and
police. The Shah of Iran formerly con-
trolled both police and army. Mossadegh
has been seeking to wrest this control
from him. The process- is only half com-
pleted. With the forces of law and order
thus distracted and divided, there is an
obvious opportunity for the Communist
Tudeh Party. The government of Iran
is now such a ramshackled structure that
it may fall apart at any time.
Premier Mossadegh actually invited
trouble by beginning to behave like a dic-
tator before he had consolidated his power.
FOR WE ARE lovers of the beautiful, yet
with economy, and we cultivate the mind
without loss of manliness. Wealth we em-
DURING THIS month, the Inter-Arts
Society will be presenting its fifth an-
nual festival, which combines original mu-
sic, drama and art work into an annual re-
view of student activity in the field of cre-
ative arts. This week the all-student art
exhibit opened at Alumni Memorial Hall
providing an interesting cross-section of
painting, drawing, sculpture and metal craft
Unfortunately, the show has far too
few entries, and this paucity of work is
reflective of the little support given to
the Inter-Arts program by students out-
side classes most intimately concerned
with creative activity. ,
The meager support given such projects
on campus is also reflective of the general
lack of creative feeling which seems char-
acteristic of the nation today. Despite the
growing number of arts and crafts courses
in high schools, the increase in organiza-
tions like Ann Arbor's Potters Guild and
Art Association, and the greater emphasis
on art and music in education, the hoped-
for surge of creative activity has not mani-
Indeed, counter forces in the form of
radio, television, movies and the other
mass entertainment media have helped
destroy the progress which was being
achieved in creative arts. The advent of
mass entertainment devices has had the
adverse effect of making America into a
nation of passive participants, while
bringing them the benefits of wider know-
ledge and interests. Americans see movies
and plays and listen to the radio or go
to hear symphonies, but relatively few
of them bother to play an instrument,
write a play or engage in anything cre-
Passive participation would not be so dis-
tressing if people were able to watch or lis-
ten to decent movies, shows and programs.
But therscheduling of one disgusting serial
after another in the afternoon; followed by
alternate quiz shows and detective programs
in the evening does not bode well for a
civilization that would call itself cultured.
Though television has brought us excellent
programs such as "Omnibus" and the Uni-
versity's fine series, it has also given us ten
times as many maudlin quiz shows, cheap
thrillers and ridiculous comedy hours.
These signs of cultural regressions on a
national level are magnifications of the
lack of attention paid to creative activity
on our campuses. Students may go to
concerts, attend the drama festival and
listen to innumerable lectures, but this
experience 'is worth nothing if they go
home to sit for hours watching Imogene
Coca when they could be engaged in cre-
ative activity of their own.
Ample opportunity for participation in
such activity exists in the Inter-Arts So-
ciety, the Student Players, Gilbert and Sul-
livan Society, Generation magazine and
similar projects. It is unfortunate that
more students do not take greater advan-
tage of the benefits afforded by such groups.
By JAMES D. WHITE
Associated Press Staff Writer
SAN FRANCISCO-(P)-The Chinese Com-
munists show every sign of continuing
co-operation with Moscow if the Russians
will pay for it.
As younger hands take over the power
and policies built by Joseph Stalin, Red
China's attitude is of critical importance
to world communism and has become the
subject of much speculation.
Some of this speculation, based on the
fact that Red Chinese Boss Mao Tse-tung
didn't go to Moscow to attend Stalin's fun-
eral, suggests that Mao is thinking of try-
ing to step into Stalin's shoes as the new
leader of world communism. There is noth-
ing factual to suggest this.
Speculation also has been stirred by the
fact that the delegation of mourners which
Peiping sent to Moscow for the funeral is
such high rank that they also could ne-
gotiate a new aid agreement.
Mao Tse-tung's own eulogy to Stalin
contains a reminder to the new Soviet
Prime Minister, Georgi M. Malenkov, that
after the 1917 revolution Stalin said: "Do
not forget the East."
Farther on his eulogy, Mao says: "We
fully believe the Central Committee . . .
headed by Comrade Malenkov, will definite-
ly be able to follow Comrade Stalin's behest
to drive forward the great cause of com-
munism and carry it to further glorious
The key word here probably is "believe."
It means that Mao wants to know, not just
believe. Malenkov must show him, as Mao
says, that "there is not' the slightest doubt
that the world camp of peace, democracy
and socialism headed by the Soviet Union
will be further united and become still more
Red China's bargaining power at the
Kremlin at this time is probably much
stronger than ever before. Malenkov is on
trial. Chou En-lai can approach him more
as an equal than he could with Stalin.
Add to this two recent Western moves
which Chou may wave in his face: the
nF e -mn. which eanl
Behind the new riots are the riots that
blew up some time ago, out of the rivalry
between Mossadegh and his former ally, the
Mullah Kashani. The aged Kashani, who
leads the Tehran street mobs and runs the
Fedayan Islam, a "Murder, Inc.," sought
to prevent Mossadegh from being granted
full powers by the Iranian Parliament. Ka-
shani's challenge failed. Mossadegh threat-1
ened to send the Mullah abroad "to study
theology." The religious potentate subsided
for the time being.
Then Mossadegh moved in on the Shah.
The extraordinary ultimatum which was
presented to the Shah has not been fully
reported. Mossadegh accused his monarch
of consorting with his enemies. He de-
manded that the Shah see no one, foreigner
or Iranian, officer or civilian, without gov-
ernmental permission. He asked the Shah
to hand over all the crown lands. He re-
quested complete control of the armed
forces. And he insisted on a detailed ac-
counting of palace expenditures.
No wonder, then, that the Shah de-
clared he would leave his country, rath-
er than submit. Unfortunately for Mos-
sadegh, the Shah is genuinely popular;
while Mossadegh himself has been lately
losing ground, especially among the pow-
erful merchant class, whose business is
not helped by Iran's present condition of
endemic bankruptcy. Kashani raised his
head again, and got out the street mobs on
the Shah's behalf. So the trouble began.
Where it may end, it would be ridiculous
to try to predict at this distance.
But the danger of final collapse of the
crazy Iranian governmental structure, is
only one-half of the importance of Iran.
The other half is symbolized by the more
hopeful fact, that only last month the long
efforts of Assistant Secretary of State Hen-
ry Byroade, at this end, and of our Am-
bassador, Loy Henderson, in Tehran, were
all but crowned with triumph. They would
have settled the bitter oil dispute between
the British and Iranians, if a silly row had
not started about the Iranian translation
of the word "enterprise."
If order is restored in Tehran, and a
settlement of the oil dispute can then be
arranged, the first steps will have been
taken toward the pacification of Iran.
The pacification of Iran is one of the
three essential first steps, in turn, to-
wards the pacification of the Middle East.
The others are settlement of the Suez dis-
pute with Egypt, and, most important of
all, final settlement 'of the endless con-
flict between the Arabs and Israelis.
If these steps cannot be taken soon-and
Q'er'arxv Dllle ha sn n uglieror more diffi-
WASHINGTON-Probably the only American who ever lunched with
Georgi Malenkov, new dictator of Russia, is Eric Johnston, head
of the motion picture industry. Visiting in Moscow in 1944 as presi-
dent of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Johnston sat beside Malen-
kov at a luncheon given in his honor by the Soviet Council of Trade.
Johnston found the new dictator a man with a handshake
like a sponge, who disliked the West, and sat through the entire
meal almost without saying a word. Malenkov has never been
out of the Soviet Union, is half-Russian, half Tartar, had almost
no association with non-Communist foreigners.
NOTE-Most notable event at the luncheon was a drinking bout
between the U.S. military attache, Major General John R. Deane, and
a Russian general. Deane managed to drink the Russian under the
table, and the last thing Johnston saw of him was two Russians drag-
ging him out of the room feet first, his head bumping on the floor.
STALIN DECIDED EVERYTHING
HOW OTHER MEMBERS of the politburo depended on Stalin for
decisions came out during a unique conference between
Johnston and Stalin. At first Stalin sat glowering behind' his desk,
doodling with a pencil and answering questions in monosyllables. Ob-
viously he was not happy at being interviewed. One of his doodles
looked like a woman doing contortions. and seeing it, Johnston asked:
"What is that you are drawing, Generalissimo? Miss Am-
erica in distress?"
"Because I'm in distress myself," Johnston replied. 'I was invited
here as the guest of your government, yet I find myself being treated
as an intruder."
Stalin put his pencil down, glowered at his American visitor, then
"No, Mr. Johnston, I'm a rude old man. There was a time
when I was pleasant. But I now have the problems of the So-
viet army, of Soviet production, of the Soviet air force all on
"Molotov can afford to be pleasant," he continued, pointing to
the foreign minister. "He doesn't have to make decisions. I make
them for him."
After this, Stalin became relaxed and pleasant, answered all
of Johnston's questions. He showed an amazing knowledge of in-
dustrial production of other countries, and when Johnston asked
what Russia intended to do with its new steel output after the
war, he replied:
"Make automobiles. We have a long way to go. You made 5,000,-
000 a year before the war, whereas we made only 350,000."
"We made only 4,000,000 a year," Johnston corrected.
"No, you made 5,000,000," Stalin insisted.
"I'm a businessman and I should know," said Johnston. "The
figure is 4,000,000."
"Have it your own way," replied Stalin, "But the figure is
Later Johnston looked up the figure. Including both trucks and
automobiles, Stalin was right.
. (Copyright, 1953, by the Bell Syndicate)
CLC Meeting ...
Io the Editor:
ERHAPS fifteen students will
be at the Civil Liberties Com-
mittee meeting this Thursday eve-
ning at the Union. That's not very
many heads to Plan an intelligent
Program for < the next three
Do you know of any Young Dem-
ocrats, Young Republicans or just
Young Citizens who are interested
in keeping this committee out of
Friday's death notices? They
needn't know how to amend an
amendment, or even How to Speak.
But if there are students who feel
civil liberties can be advanced con-
structively through an organiza-
tion such as this, would you inform
them about Thursday's meeting?
-Murray Thomson, for the
Civil Liberties Committee.
To the Editor:
THE DAILY last week printed a
lengthy comment regarding
Mr. Hollander's series on the La-
bor Youth League. This comment
was written by William Bohn in
the New Leader. Mr. Bohn seems
to have put forth some "inaccu-
racies" of his own.
Referring to the numerous let-
ters criticizing the series, he says:
"The Communist students have
yelled bloody murder in the let-
ters column . . . " Does he mean
to imply that all who disagree
with Hollander are Communists?
He should make himself clear.
Mr. Bohn also advises the Mc-
that they need not come to Ann
Arbor, since Mr. Hollander has al-
ready done the job. Does Mr. Bohn
mean to imply that McCarthy &
Cd. run away from sensation and
publicity? Would it not be more
accurate to say that the "expose'
of Mr. Hollander increases the
danger of a visit by these publicity
The methods of sensationalism
and smear must be met head-on
if they are not to make a mockery
of rational procedure. I hav
therefore challenged Mr. Hollan
der to come foreward with proo
of his accusations in a public de
bate. He has not as yet accepted
I have also noted, among othe
things,:that Mr. Hollander, in hi
interpretation of the Rosenberg
case. has distorted the statemen
of Albert Einstein. Hollander ha
not as yet acknowledged his error
In order to answer point b
point Mr. Hollander's brand o
"inaccuracies," I have submitte
a statement to the Daily, request
ing space for its printing. In ligh
of all the columns which hav
been devoted to the "indictment,
I do not think it unfair to reques
enough room to give an adequat
-Mike Sharpe, Chairman,
Labor Youth League
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The statement,
which is a personal attack on Mr.
Hollander, cannot be printed because
of The Daily's prohibition on publica-
tion of libelous material.)
Hll iAuditorium ,:
To the Editor:
MOST surprising of all the ne
experiences confronting me a
a freshman this semester at U. o
M. was my shock at finding s
school of this size has as its "real
auditorium a dark, small roor
seating, I am told, 700 uncomfor
table people. But of course I wa
duly impressed with the majesti
size of Hill Auditorium or rathe
the organ hall. Certainly there
much to be said in favor of a larg
and "accoustically perfect" ha
Era Of The Mechanical Man
Xettei' TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from Its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 00 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
for the huge choruses and symph-
ny orchestras that the. cultural
appetites of college students tra-
ditionally crave. But hasn't there
been too large a sacrifice in this
instance for music alone? At ob-
viously great expense the Univer-
sity has constructed a huge "shell"
and floor but no stage. How much
better to my thinking to incorpo-
rate the two into one.
Of course many say that this
would necessarily cut the auditor-
iums accoustical perfection. Be
that as it may, since I am not an
accoustical engineer I can only
make an observation that many
of the greatest concert halls in
the world are also opera houses
and have stages! Does this audi-
torium really serve the student
body as much as it might have?
How much more nice to.have had
an auditorium where operas,
plays and concerts could be pre-
I do not feel I am prejudiced
because I hav attended 'all the
concerts at Hill since my coming
here and I enjoy "good" music.
But I also attended a very hamp-
ered production of Faust squeezed
up on a back porch sized stage at
the Lydia Mendelssohn "theater."
Could you possibly tell me what
argument was used to influence the
construction of a concert half un-
fit 'for any real stage production-
-Earl Sayer, Jr.
To the Editor:
I WOULD LIKE to commend the
Women'shLeague for finally
ybowing to the demands of good
taste and finally removing the
Alice in Wonderland murals from
the walls of the Round-Up Room.
For long months these eyesores
have decorated (?) the room, not-
withstanding the agonized con
ments of many students.
Although it is somewhat of a
pity that League officials did not
respond to public opinion, they
now have my thanks for finally
removing those revolting decora-
tions which were only suitable for
an ill-advised kindergarten.
s, Sixty-Third Year
t Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
s authority of the Board in Control of
d Editorial Staff
- Crawford Young.......Managing Editor
t Barnes Connable.........City Editor
Cal amr..........Editorial Director
e Zander Holander ......Feature Editor
" Sid Klaus......... Associate City Editor
t Harland Brtz.........Associate Editor
e Donna Hendeman.A...ssoiate Editor
Ed Whippe ............. Sports Editor
John Jenks...... Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewel.....Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine ute Women's Editor
Mary Jane Mills, Ass-oc. Women's Editor
Don Campbell .... Chief Photographer
Al Green........... Business Manager
Milt Goetz......Advertising Manager
Diane Johnston.... Assoc. Business Mgr.
Judy Loehnberg....... Finance Manager
Harlean Hankin....Circulation Manager
A Member of The Associated Press
a The Associated Press is exclusively
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n all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
s Al rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
r Entered at the Post Office at An
Arbor. Michigan, as second-class mail
e Subscription during regular school
11 year: by carrier, $6.00: by mail $7.00.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from page 2)
morial Tower: and will also be on sale
after 7:00 o'clock at the Hill Auditori-
um box office on the night of the per-
Literary college conference. Steering
Committee meeting, 4 p.m., 1010 Angell
Hillel Foundation. Professor P. A.
Throop will speak on "Maimonides" in
Adventures in Judaism at 4:15 today.
The public is invited.
Badminton Club. Regular meeting
from 7 to 9 p.m., Waterman Gym. Last
chance to sign up for the Club Tour-
nament to be held Mar. 18 and 25. The}
tournament will include women's sin-
gles, men's singles, and mixed doubles.
The Anthropology Club will meet at
8 p.m., in the East ConferenceRoom of
the Rackham Building. 'The guest
speaker will be Dr. Max Loehr of the
Fine Arts Department.
Congregational Disciples Guild. Dis-
cussion Group at 6:45 on Theological
Implications of My Field of Study: 4-
Astronomy. Guild House, 438 Maynard.
IULLR Ski Club. Meeting at 7:30 p.m.,
in the Union. Further discussion of
the spring vacation trip will be held.
All members are urged to come.
Sigma Xi Lecture. Air Photos in Nat-
ural Science, by Stephen H. Spurr, Pro-
Beacon, Films of New Zealand, 8 p.m.,
Weslev Foundation. Morning Matin
from 7 :30 to 7:50. Refresher tea from
4 to 5:30.
Roger Williams Guild. Lenten Chat
in the Guild House from 4:30 to 5:30,
an informal hour for all Baptist stu-
dents and their friends to come to-
gether for refreshments and fellowship.
The Travel Bureau, sponsored by the
Student Legislature, will have Miss
Mary O'Dea, Assistant Travel Director
of the Nationa) Student Association,
at the Travel Bureau Office in Lane
Hall from 3 to 5 this afternoon to talk
to anyone contemplating a trip abroad
Pershing Rifles. Regular drill meet-
ing for all actives at 1925 hrs. in the
Rifle Range. All cadets interested in
pledging the Company are invited to
attend. Please bring gym shoes.
U. of M. Sailing Club. Meeting Thurs.,
Mar. 12, 7:30 p.m., 311 West Engineer-
ing Building. Shore school will be
held. Swimming party this coming
Friday at the I.M. Building.
German Coffee hour this Thursday
in the Union Cafeteria front 3:00 to
4:30. An opportunity for informal Ger-
man conversation. Everyone welcome,
Christian Science Organization. Tes-
LITTLE MAN ON CAMPUS
by, Dick Bibler