THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1953
IN A RECENT speech before an assembled
student group at Rollins College, Florida,
General of the Army Omar N. Bradley pin-
pointed one of the most pronounced psy-
chological problems now manifesting itself
in the thought of the American people.
Bradley stated that the public must
restrain itself in attempting to resolve
the "tormenting" problems of the world
by the use of "catch-phrase terminology."
He particularly hit out at the blind ac-
ceptance of such phrases as "Let's face the
facts, we are already in World War III,"
and warned that the continued use of these
catch-phrases might be the forerunner to a
general curtailment of freedom by more
extreme groups, who would capitalize m
the use of this term.
Without underestimating the Communist
threat, Bradley made it patently clear, that
most people are jumping the gun in order
to have something decisive to cling to in an
insecure world. He also warned that if
terms about the reality of World War III
remained unchecked, an atmosphere would
be produced in which the public would has-
tily demand that extreme measures be used
against the projected enemy. This, he went
on, could involve us in war, a possibility
which the general still feels can be avoided.
Obviously, the general would also frown
upon such statements as were made by
Senator Robert A. Taft-"people seem
to be asleep to the fact that we are at
war with Red China now. "Taft's state-
ment is exactly of the sort that Bradley
has warned against. While it is true that
American military equipment and sol-
diers are engaged in battles throughout
the Far East, we have not yet reached the
stage of full scale global war.
When we accept the idea of a third world
war before it has actually descended upon
us, we have taken a major step in bringing
it about that much sooner.
Unbridled fear on the part of any na-
tion is bound to produce an explosive situ-
ation. General Bradley's warning should
remind the American people that, while they
must remain alert to the Communist men-
ace, they must not succumb to unwarranted
THE POST-WORLD WAR I I
"Steady Now, Pal - Don't Hamstring
Me In My Work"
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second in a se-
ries of interpretive articles on the present situa-
tion in the Saar basin. Miss Greene has just
returned from a ten-month tour of Western
By GAYLE GREENE
EVENTY-YEAR-OLD George Geiger, pro-
German member of the Saarbrucken
City Council died November 21, 1952.
"Political murder" charged the Bonn
press; from the French came shouts of
A gang of toughs had burst into the Geiger
home and demanded to know if he or his
family possessed "illegal documents." When
Geiger protested at the intrusion, he and
his family were pushed around a bit. Two
hours later the elderly Saar official died of
a heart attack.
George Geiger's death in an area which
was already a hotbed of controversy set off
a barrage of epithets flying back and forth
across the Rhine River.
The same old story of violent dissension was
being re-enacted in the Saar. We had heard
it before in 1934 as Germany strove to make
an impressive showing in the Saar plebi-
When a defeated Germany was divided
into three occupation sectors in 1945, the
Saar was included in the French zone.
Instead of fatally dismantling Saarland
machinery and carting it back to France
as the spoils of victory, the French set up
a policy which combined clever fore-
thought, generosity and a determination to
link the Saar's economy to that of France.
They instituted a French-Saar economic
and monetary union, prying the area away
from its German ties. This led to the estab-
lishment of a de jure Saar state. In 1947 a
constitution was adopted, a landtag elect-
ed and Gilbert Grandval traded his title of
Saar High Commissioner to that of French
Ambassador to the Saar.
To Germans, this recognition of the Saar
as an independent state was a bit premature.
Such decisions were supposedly to follow the
approval of the German Treaty, not to pre-
cede it. To surrender the Saar without a bat-
tle would also lessen their claim to land now
held by Poland.
twith DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - President Eisenhower
tweaked Republican senators at a pri-
vate luncheon recently for blocking some of
the budget cuts they clamor so loudly for.
As fast as extravagances can be weeded out
of the budget, Ike chided, "they tell me
you fellows try to keep them in."
Ike confessed to the economy-minded
Republicans that he was "just beginning
to see the justification" for many federal
expenses. He firmly added, however, that
"we will have to get on top of government
operations" in order to cut costs. But it
will be a tough job, he predicted, "to find
the places and do it."
The President started off the luncheon
by promising not to "talk shop.",
"I know you get tired of talking shop,"
he grinned. Then he turned to Iowa's Sen.
Bourke Hickenlooper on his right and got
into a discussion of pheasant shooting in
Iowa. This brought up the question of stor-
ing the downed pheasants, and Idaho's Sen.
Henry Dworshak cracked: "Do you still have
Harry's deep freeze?"
Ike ducked slightly at this reference to
the deep freeze that Harry Vaughan got
from a Wisconsin lobbyist for Mrs. Tru-
man. However, Minnesota's Sen. Ed
Thye soon got the conversation off trivial-
ities and onto Eisenhower's controversial
Secretary of Agriculture. The Minnesota
ehicken-farming senator told about a
speech he had made on the Senate floor,
slightly critical of Secretary Benson but
at the same time refuting "the impres-
sign the Democrats are trying to make
that the cattle drop is the result of the
"The fundamental difficulty," the Presi-
dent broke in, "is that we have the largest
cattle population we have ever had."
As for his Secretary of Agriculture, Eis-
enhower added: "Every time I see Benson, I
am impressed by his tremendous sincerity."
The President acknowledged, however,
that it takes more than the right program.
"We must present it to the people so they
understand what we are doing," he declared.
Meanwhile, Ike indicated that he has
plenty of problems to go around.
"Some of my people come up to me with
a problem," he said. "'That is one of
your problems,' I tell them. 'You send
out the answer.'"
NOTE-The President took time out to
show the Senators some of his watercolors.
He found it difficult to paint now, he said,
"with guards always looking over my shoul-
* * *
GRIM WHITE HOUSE BRIEFING
1XACTLY WHAT happened inside the
from the White House to pronounce the
state of the world "grim."
Briefly here are the non-security high-
lights of what the congressional leaders
1-THE CHIEF FRICTION POINT IS
BERLIN. Intelligence Chief Allen Dulles,
brother of the Secretary of State, warned
that the Communist party might try to
squeeze us out of Berlin this spring. Dulles
could not predict whether they would try
to choke us off with another blockade or
send East Germans into the west sector to
stage serious riots. However, he warned
that trouble was coming. Meanwhile, the
Air Force has a master plan ready for
another Berlin airlift to be used at the
drop of the Red flag.
2-DRIVE IN FRENCH INDO-CHINA.
The Congressmen were told that the Krem-
lin was likely to hit the west in several
places at the same time, and one of these,
according to, Allen Dulles, is French Indo-
China. Russian and Chinese leaders, he
said, had been conferring on this recently.
General Bradley, however, claimed the
Chinese didn't have a large army on the
Indo-Chinese border, though he said guer-
rillas and supplies did seem to be pour-
ing into Indo-China. As a countermove
Dulles urged that American supplies be
stepped up to aid the French. The French,
he said, were asking for a 5-year plan
during which we would send half a bil-
lion dollars worth of supplies each year
This brought an exclamation of surprise,
and incredulity from Sen. Alex Wiley, chair-
man of the Senate Foreign Relations Com-
* * * .
MILLION-MAN CHINESE ARMY
3-A COMMUNIST DRIVE ON KOREA.
General Bradley reported, was not to be
discounted. The Chinese are using a new
rotation plan and have put two new divi,
sions in the front lines. Unfortunately, lift-
ing the embargo around Formosa hasn't
drawn any Chinese troops out of Korea to
defend the mainland opposite Formosa. The
Chinese Communist force in Korea remains
one million men.
On the other hand. the United Nations
has 10 per cent more American troops in
Korea today than on January 1. The rea-
son, Bradley said, is because other UN units
had to be rotated. Any big UN drive in
Korea, the congressmen were warned, would
cost us total casualties of around 50,000 men
and would not be possible without sending
more American divisions to the front.
4-COOPERATION IN TIE BALKANS
--The Secretary of State, John Dulles,
reported one favorable piece of news,
namely that three traditional enemies-
Stating the French case as high com-
missioner in 1951, Grandval insisted:
"France cannot possibly give up her union
with the Saar . . . both for reasons of her
foreign trade and because this union bal-
ances the forces of European production."
Along with the Saar, which produces 25
percent of its steel and 28 percent of its
coal, France entered the Coal and Steel Com-
munity on just about equal terms with Ger-
many. France buys more from the Saar than
from any other country except the United
States; the Saar is France's third best cus-
The Saarlanders themselves are still
smarting from the wounds received as
Hitler's goosestepping warriors. If their
hearts belong to Germany, then their
stomachs are for France. I spoke to var-
ious Saarlanders on that rather ambig-
uous concept-Europeanization-and not
one rejected the idea. They seem to want
only to be left alone with some sort of
compromise that would allow them a spe-
cial economic status, and seem greatly
enthused about the idea of a European
Saar and the possibility that Saarbruck-
en might become the capital of a United
One politician felt it would be a "prop for
a tottering Europe" and a link that would
bind France and Germany. Union with Ger-
many could only mean higher taxes, a re-
sponsibility to accept a portion of West Ger-
many's refugees and conscription of Saar-
landers into the new German army.
In an effort to reach a compromise and
make a joint statement, France's Robert
Schuman and Germany's Conrad Adnaur
met last spring. Germany refused to g'along
with France's demands as long as "demo-
cratic" fair play was lacking in the Saar
(As long as pro-German parties were out-
An impasse was reached, the talks broke
off and the Saar election was set for Nov.
30. A flood of propaganda emenating from
Germany was unleased on the Saar, re-
minding one of the press under Goebbels.
The Easter issue of one daily poured an
anti-Semitic tirade on Grandval and was
followed by reminders of how anti-Ger-
man voters were punished after the 1934
plebicite. The Catholic Bishop of Trier,
whose diocese covers most of the Saar, ad-
vised the Saarlanders that they had no
Christian obligation to vote in an elec.
tion that would separate them from "the
German fatherland." Hundreds of Saar-
landers received letters to vote blank bal-
lots or be black listed. Others were in-
structed to bring home their blank ballots,
as they would be required to produce them
by a new regime.k
The death of George Geiger was used as
a rallying cry, and even the cars of the
French Diplomatic Mission were plastered
with such exhortations as "The Saar re-
In the face of all this, the French mis-
sion stirred uncomfortably. Officially, they
predicted a low abstention (to abstain was
the only way to register a pro-German vote),
but the concern and pessimism was undenia-
Despite a cold, grey downpour, election
day brought an excellent turnout and a63
percent vote for the pro-French parties.
Only seven percent of the registered voters
stayed away from the polls. But almost 25
percent cast tither blank or mutilated bal-
Yet the jubilance over the French vic-
tory was not without bitterness. The
French were accused of running a police
state, of bannipg German newspapers as
well as parties and public meetings. By the
same token, the Germans were charged
with using Nazi-like intimidation.
The Saarlanders had let their stomachs
and memories decide the issue, giving the
German nationalists a sharp, final rebuff.
THE I DON'T CARE GIRL, with Mitzi Gay-
MUSICALS about entertainers have this
in their favor: they can go into extrava-
gant song and dance productions with a min-
imum of explanation. But if one considers
that a musical should be first of all refresh-
ing and entertaining, the pseudo-biograph-
ical convention is nothing but a hindrance.
Platitudes about Show Business and the same
old backstage romances are simply a dead
weight on this particular movie.
The producers have attempted to revive
the legend of a wildly abandoned show-
girl of the twenties, Eva Tangpiay. Disap-
pointingly, Mitzi Gaynor plays an ordinary
nice girl, very like a typical co-ed. Her
leading man, an averagely handsome young
fellow, has an equally watered-down role
and is about as interesting as cold oatmeal.
Miss Gaynor undeniably brings a certain
verve to singing and dancing. Such talents,
unfortunately, can't function too success-
fully in a vacuum as great as this. At best,
the musical productions might be called
The sequences featuring George Jessel and
To the Editor:
I AM grateful for the letter by B.
Houghton which appeared in the
Daily of February 26. It is ap-
parent that I did not make my-
self clear in my previous letter of
First, let us observe that there
is a difference between "chasing"
and "Mutual cooperation." Chas-
ing seems to me -to be a one way
affair where one party assumes
the responsibility of continuing
the relationship and the other par-
ty does nothing. I feel that this
form of behavior is unhealthy for
both parties, whether the chaser
is a he or a she. Mutual coopera-
tion is an interaction between -two
personalities which makes pos-
sible a fair and healthy relation-
ship where both personalities can
grow and improve.
I am an advocate of mutual co-
operation. The spirit of mutual
cooperation is eloquently summed
up in the golden rule: "do unto
others as you would have others do
unto you." Mutual cooperation re-
quires the effort and responsibili-
abundance of bones and the "Kib-
bled Biscuit" appearance, looked
like a dog's delight. They also had
the audacity to pass off as an ex-
tra, for the second consecutive
day, a weird pot-pourii called
Meat Salad. This did so little to
discourage the overall effect, thatl
we were surprised as we sifted the'
mess, not to find the name "Rov-
er" printed on the plates. From
the foregoing we want to state
explicitly that we do not advocate
the use of Quad food as susten-
ance for dogs, as this would cer-
tainly prove disasterous, and bring
down the wrath of the Humane
The West Quad can, however,
produce a good meal provided the
impetus is great enough. Two
weeks ago we were honored by a
visit from Mr. Schaadt and Food
Service higher-ups. The kitchen
went overboard and produced one
of the finer lunches of the year.
Why do we get good meals only
when guests come? Why don't
these same people make an un-
expected, surprise visit and see
what they get?
TO THE EDITOR.
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest,'and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
MA'rER OF rAC
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-Sometimes news is too big and too shapeless to
fit into a headline. Families know, for instance, when their
children reach voting age, and twenty-first birthdays can be marked
with special festivities. But how is one to know just when a new
national Administration has reached political maturity, and is ready
to face facts honestly and to deal with them realistically?
Nothing could be more important. Nothing could be harder to
measure. Nonetheless, last week can reasonably be celebrated as
the time when the Eisenhower Administration came of age, and
the Republican party began to rise to the challenge of its vast
Tax policy was really the decisive test, as it has been from the
start. After all, lower taxes have been promised by every Republican,
on the easy theory that the budget could be balanced by "cutting out
waste." But when the hard budgetary facts were honestly analyzed,
this theory did not hold water.
President Eisenhower and Budget Director Joseph Dodge instead
discovered, as previously reported in this space, that they had only
three choices, all unpleasing. They could balance the budget and re-
duce taxes, by abandoning all pretense of creative foreign policy and
effective national defense. Or they could lower taxes and pay the
bill for national security, by running a gigantic deficit. Or they cduld
balance the budget and meet all reasonable security requirements, by
careful, undramatic economies plus maintaining taxes at present
In his stirring press conference, Eisenhower revealed that he
had chosen the third course, as had been forecast here. The deci-
sion to ask for continuance of the excess profits tax, or for its
replacement with another tax of equal yield, is a truly dramatic
decision. It implies the highest and finest kind of political cour-
age-the courage to do the disagreeable thing when the general
welfare so demands. It also implies strong tendencies, if not
actual decisions, in other vital. policy areas.
If taxes are not to be reduced, it means that President Eisen-
hower and his advisers have firmly set their faces against the kind of
"defense economy" that was customary in the time of Louis A. John-
son. Defense Secretary Charles E. Wilson and Under-Secretary Roger
Kyes are to do their job the right way, with the first emphasis on na-
tional strength, as they have set out to do it. If taxes are not to be
reduced, it also means that there are to be no meat-axe slashes of
foreign aid. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles is to be allowed
to get on with his great task, of unifying and reinvigorating the
Western Alliance, without having the fiscal rug pulled out from un-
All this is only another way of saying that even the strongest
considerations of political expediency have not swerved Dwight D.
Eisenhower from acting in character. Beyond any doubt at all, the
speed of the Administration's coming of age is due to the President
He is doing his job not as Franklin D. Roosevelt did, by domi-
nating and directing in every important sphere. He is doing his
job not as Harry S. Truman did, by permitting policy to be ready-
made by others, and then abruptly accepting or rejecting .it. He
is doing his job, rather, as one of the closest Eisenhower associ-
ates has put it, as "an ideal chairman of the board."
Eisenhower takes the chair, regularly and with the most positive
effect, at three weekly meetings-with his Congressional leaders on
Mondays, with the National Security Council on Wednesdays, and
with his Cabinet on Fridays. These gatherings-even the usually
meaningless Cabinet meetings-are no longer perfunctory and trivial.
Each has its agenda, to which any of the company may contribute.
Every item on the agenda is thoroughly discussed, so that even the
meeting with the Congressional leaders often takes two hours. If
disagreements emerge, they are not brushed aside; instead the Presi-
dent, even it le has already made up his own mind, undertakes to
persuade the malcontents before the next week's meeting. The aim
is to have the Party leadership, the cold war directorate, and the
larger full Cabinet all move forward together under the President's
There have been disagreements, of course. All-out de-control of
prices and wages was opposed in Cabinet, for instance, by Secretary
of Labor Martin Durkin, as well as by Mutual Security Director Har-
old Stassen and U.N. Representative Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., who
spoke in their role as experienced politicians. That time, Eisenhower
sided with Secretary of the Treasury George Humphrey and Secre-
tary of Defense Wilson, the most ardent de-controllers.
Again, there have been sad disappointments. When the tax
story was told to the Congressional leaders, Speaker of the House
IJoseph Martin is reported to have remarked mournfully, "Well,
let's make clear anyway that tax reduction is still our aim."
Yet the governmental "team," which is so often talked about and
so rarely found in action, really seems to have been formed by Eisen-
hower. Under his leadership, the hard decisions are beingi smoothly
taken, the tough jobs are being boldly tackled.
(Copyright, 1953, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
ty of both he and she. We optimistically hope, now,
-yDavid R. Reitz that with declining prices, the
: . West Quad will take this oppor-
tunity to improve the quality of
Qu ad Food " e their meals. If the Quad having
To the Editor: the material 'and ability to pro-
THE ISSUE OF West Quad food duce good meals, does not, "its
has been laying dormant for time for a change."
some time now, but in this present -Bil Ewald
period of declining food prices, L
we are looking forward to mealsk
which rise above mediocrity and
never fall below as themeals of
Fri. & Sat. Feb. 20 & 21.
Friday nite the kitchen camej
up with their usual "choice," cre-
mated liver, and an unnamed fish
that Squanto originally caught.
As usual, they provided a tartar
sauce, of questionable culinary art,
to disguise its rancid flavors.
Saturday's meal featured anoth-
er delicacy only West Quad could
produce. Spareribs, and dried
bread which was passed off un-
der the label of dressing. The
BE KINDLY affectioned one to
another with brotherly love.
THOU SHALT love thy neigh-
bour as thyself.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Crawford Young.......Managing Editor
Barnes Connable.........City Editor
Cal Samra.... ......Editorial Director
Zander Holander......Feature Editor
Sid Klaus.......Associate City Editor
Hariand Brit.........Associate Editor
Donna Hendleman..Associate Editor
Ed Whipple...... ........Sports Editor
John Jenks......Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewell....Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine Butler,.......Women's Editor
Mary Jane Mills, Assoc. Women's Editor
Al Green.............Business Manager
Milt Goetz..... ...Advertising Manager
Diane Johnston....Assoc. Business Mgr.
Judy Loehnberg.......Finance Manager
(Continued from page 2)
exam, one must have 2 years' graduate
study, in addition to 2 years' experience
for grades GS-11 and 3 years' for GS-12.
Application blanks are available, and
there is no closing date.
The Department of State announces
examination for appointment as For-
eign Service Officer. The exam will be
held Sept. 14-17 in various locations
throughout the country. To qualify for
the examination, one must be at least
20 and under 31 years of age; be, and
have been a citizen for at least ten
years; if married, married to an Amer-
ican citizen. Application blanks and
announcements are available.
For further information concerning
these and other openings and for ap-
pointments, contact the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3528 Administration Build-
ing, Ext. 371.
University Lecture, auspices of the
Department of Botany, "Chemical Reg-
ulation of Growth and Organ Forma-
tion in Plant Tissues." Dr. Folke Skoog,
University of Wisconsin, Fri., Feb. 27,
4:15 p.m., Rackham Amphitheater.
French Lectures. Mile Elizabeth Nizan,
former actress and "societaire" of La
Comedie Francaise will offer two lec-
ture-recitals today: "Les Comediens et
leurs Auteurs" (reserved for the facul-
ty and French students) in Room 3-S
of the Michigan Union at 11:10 a.m.,
and "Actualite de La Fontaine" in Au-
ditorium A, Angell Hall, at 4:15 p.m.
The latter is open to the general pub-
lic. These lectures are under the aus-
pices of the Department of Romance
Mathematics Lecture. Prof. David G.
Kendall, of Magdalen College, Oxford
University, will speak in 3011 Angell
Hall, at 4 o'clock on Fri., Feb. 27, and at
Make-up Examination for German is
scheduled for Wed., Mar. 4, 2-4 p.m. All
students concerned should report im-
mediately to 108 Tappan Hall.
Faculty Concert. Emil Raab, violinist,
and Benning Dexter, pianist, will be
heard in a sonata program at 8:30 Sun-
day evening, Mar. 1, in Auditorium A in
Angell Hall. It will open with Faure's
Sonata in A, Op. 13, followed by Stra-
vinsky's Duo Concertant (1932). Bee-
thoven's Sonata in C minor, Op. 30,
No. 2 will be played after intermission.
This is the fourth in a series of facul-
ty concerts, all of which are open to
the general public.
Organ Recital. The first of two Sun-
day afternoon organ recitals by Rob-
ert Noehren, University Organist, will
be played at 4:15, March 1, in Hill Au-
ditorium. It will include organ music of
the following contemporary composers:
Zoltan Kodaly, Anton van der Horst,
Marcel Dupre, Jehan Alain, Jean Lang-
lais, Gaston Litaize, Hsomer Keller, Ar-
thur Honegger, Louis Vierne. Homer
Keller, whose "Sonata for Organ" will
be given its first performance during
this recital, is a member of the faculty
of the School of Music. The general
public is invited.
World-famous opera "Faust," present-
ed by Department of Speech and the
School of Music, opens tonight for a
five-day run at Lydia Mendelssohn
Theater, including tonight, Sat., Mon.,
Tues., and Wed. Specially priced seats
are available for 1students to Monday
night's performance. Remaining tick-
ets are on sale at the Mendelssohn Box
which Prof. George Mendenhall will be
the guest speaker.
SRA Coffee Hour. Lane Hall, 4:15-
5:30 p.m., Hillel Foundation, co-host-
ess. All students invited.
La Tertulia of La Sociedad Hispan-
ica meets today, 3:30-5:00, in the Rum-
pus Room of the League.
Roger Williams Guild. Treasure Hunt
pjarty at 8 p.m., will feature fun 'and
food, so come dressed to roam in the
weather of the day to find the treasure
that's in the way!
International Coffe Hour. Informal
coffee hour and discussion of "Current
Trends," Department of Conservation
Office 300 West Medical Building, at- 4:30
p.m. All interested foreign and Ameri-
can students invited.
Wesley Foundation. Meet in Wesley
Lounge at 7:45 p.m. to attend opera.
Chinese Students Club will have its
first Welcoming Party at the Women's
Athletic Building on Sat., Feb. 28, 8
Hillel services will be held at 9 a.m.
IZFA Regional Seminar. As part of
this seminar Sherm Lieber, IZFA na-
tional president will speak at the Sat-
urday services at 9 a.m.; Dr. N. M.
Efimenco, Dr. William Haber, and Dr.
Max L. Hutt will hold a panel discus-
sion at 1:30 p.m., and there will be so-
cial dancing and the movie "The House
on the Hill" at 9 p.m.
Purim Frolics will be held on Sunday
from 6 to 10:30 at 1429 Hill. The eve-
ning's events will include a supper club,