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May 29, 1952 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1952-05-29

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Book Censorship

W ITHIN THE past year, censorship of
school and college text-books has reach-
ed unprecedented heights. According to a
report in the New York Times by Benjamin
Fine, censorship is being carried out very
effectively by ultra-patriotic groups who are
easily aroused by books they consider "sub-
versive" for one rgason or another. There
are also self-appointed censors among or-
ganized minorities who feel that passages of
certain books tend to be prejudiced.
A recent instance of the actions of the
former group was the banning of a high
school civics text in Arkansas, on the
grounds that the book discussed the the-
ories of Communism.
The banning of A. Hyatt Verrill's book
'Strange Insects and Their Stories" by New
York City's Board of Education is an even
more ludicrous example of the current cen-
sorship rage. The move was apparently jus-
tified on the basis that the book "had invi-
dious references to the superiority of white
ants over black ants." In their excess of lib-

eral zeal, the censors didn't notice that the
book's references were to red ants, not
white ones.
Censorship, however, has its more serious
aspects. When a small group of citizens sets
itself up to judge the compatibility of a
book's ideas with its own conception of Am-
ericanism, it is time to pause and reflect on
the dangerous trend toward thought control
which is emerging in this country, carrying
with it an element of fear-inspired pater-
In most of these cases, a small and oft-
en poorly-qualified minority has haphaz-
ardly gone about trying to dictate what
reading material should be made avail-
able to persons who are probably more ca-
pable of analysis and objectivity than the
censors themselves.
It might be appropriate to remind these
Americans that "the test of true democracy
lies in the way in which it treats the des-
pised opinion-the one with which it does
not agree."
-Elli Rosenthal

Sen. Kefauver Outlook Continues
Rosy in June 3 California Vote

WASHINGTON-Edmund G. (Pat) Brown
California attorney general and fav-
orite son, took a headache to the White
House Wednesday but President Truman
proved to be fresh out of aspirin.
Brown wanted help for the slate of
convention delegates vested in his' name
for trading purposes at Chicago. The
Brown slate has opposition from the
ubiquitous Sen. Estes Kefauver who has
a complete slate of his own for which he
is personally campaigning from now until
California's June 3 primary.
It looked briefly as if this plea had met
with some results but Brown said the Pres-
ident hoped the Brown slate would be elect-
ed; but the official explainers said that Mr.
Truman merely wished him good luck. They
quoted the President further as saying that
he wanted it made plain he intended no
implication about Senator Kefauver.
All this left Brownaabout where he was
when he left the coast and the outlook for
Senator Kefauver continues to look rosy.
The personable attorney general actual-
ly is not a real candidate and his slate of
delegates is a highly artificial conglomera-
tion of leading Democrats-some of them
at bitter odds with others-who were not
consulted by Senator Keafuver and have
no place to go since Mr. Truman withdrew
from consideration. As usual, it is prov-
ing difficult to beat somebody with no-

As in New Hampshire, more is at stake
than the delegates. The slate elected will
choose the national committeeman and
committeewoman and, in effect, take over
the state organization. This means that a
number of Mr. Truman's old friends and
associates-Mrs. Edward Heller, national
committeewoman, oilman Ed Pauley and
others-are in jeopardy.
In their efforts to stop Kefauver, the
Brown party has invited all the other can-
didates to come to California and campaign
against him even though they are not run-
ning in the primary. Sen. Richard Russell
has done so; Averell Harriman is on his
way. Vice President Barkley has so far
It has been reported here that the
Brown delegates have promised to divide
their votes on the first ballot among those
candidates who come to the state and help
fight Kefauver.
In Washington, the attorney general
piously disclaims any intention of stopping
anybody. "We just want to go to the con-
vention with a free hand and look over all
the candidates," he said. He then charged
that on issues important to the state, Sen-
ator Kefauver voted wrong-against cloture,
for segregation in the armed services,
against the continental shelf'quitclaim, and
for the Central Arizona project.
(Copyright, 1952, by The Bell Syndicate)

W ASHINGTON- President Truman was
both jovial and paternalistic when he
received a California delegation led by At-
torney General Pat Brown who came on the
forlorn hope of changing his mind on tide-
lands oil.
"You heard my speech," the President
remarked, half humorously. "How can you
expect me to change my mind after that?"
Brown reminded him that Californians
had come to talk to him in 1948 at which
time he had refused to take a stand because
tidelands oil was then before the Supreme
"Yes, and the Supreme Court has now de-
cided in favor of the 48 states," Mr. Truman
However, he agreed to study a memo that
the California lawyers promised to prepare
for him, though, as an indication that it
probably wouldn't change his mind, he told
the following story:
"It reminds me of an old judge out in
Missouri," he said. "He told the court
'Bring the man in. We'll give him a fair
trial and then hang him'."
The President also enjoyed talking to
Brown, who is running against Sen. Estes
Kefauver in California, about the various
Presidential candidates. Regarding Sen.
Richard Russell of Georgia, he said: "If
he were right on civil rights, he might be
the ablest of all."
Averell Harriman he described as "a won-
derful man-but imagine a Wall Street
banker being elected President!"
SEN. BOB TAFT, author of the Taft Hous-
ing Act of which he is quite proud,
would not be flattered if he read a letter
written by the Los Angeles real estate lob-
by calling his act "socialistic."
Of course "socialistic" is an easy epithet
to hurl these days, and Senator Taft has
used it himself at times. However, this
column has just unearthed an unusual
letter written by the Los Angeles lobby
in its effort to defeat a slum clearance-
housing program in Los Angeles, to be
built under Taft's housing law.
The letter puts the bite on the Los Angeles
Clearing House Association, Ben Meyer,
chairman, to the tune of $15,000 as part of
an $185,000 slush fund the real estate lobby
is raising to defeat Los Angeles housing.
Real estate and housing groups all over
the nation are watching the Los Angeles
battle, where the city government had al-
ready signed a contract with the federal
government to proceed with the housing
program, when suddenly two city council-
men mysteriously changed their minds.
After that theCalifornia Supreme Court
ruled that the city must continue with its
housing contract, regardless of the two
councilmen. But the real estate lobby is
continuing the battle just the same.
In case Senator Taft is interested in what
the Los Angeles realtors think of his "so-
cialism," here is their letter signed by
"George M. Eason, finance chairman, com-
mittee against socialistic housing":
"Mr. Ben Meyer
"Chairman, Los Angeles Clearing House
"Los Angeles, California
"Dear Mr. Meyer:
"You are familiar with the fight now
going on at the city hall regarding public
"This matter will be on the ballot in the
election of June 3.
"The various organizations interested in
financing and building of homes in -Los
Angeles have formed the Committee against
Socialist Housing. We anticipate that it will

take a fund of $185,000, to put on the cam-
paign. Many organizations have already
pledged the amount that they will raise
through their membership.
"In the campaign on proposition 10, the
Clearing House Association subscribed
$7,500. The cost of that campaign was
$94,000. We therefore are asking the
Clearing House Association to subscribe
$15,000 towards this campaign,
"The public housers have started their
campaign and are now holding meetings in
various parts of Los Angeles. We anticipate
that they will have unlimited funds at their
"We will appreciate any assistance that
you can give us in this matter."
MICHIGAN Republicans are now stuck in
their own election loophole, originally
devised to trip up the Democrats. Several
years ago they split the ballot in order to
keep the state ticket from being submerged
by FDR's quadrennial landslides. The voters
were thus given a chance to vote for FDR
on one ballot and for local GOP candidates
on the other.
But with the prospects of an Eisenhow-
er landslide this November, the tables' are
reversed. In other states, an Eisenhower
victory would probably sweep the GOP
candidates for senator and governor into
office along with him. But in Michigan,
the split ballot will give the voters a

Peculiar Twist -
To The Editor:
THE DEFENSE of free speech
has been given a rather pe-
culiar twist on this campus. The
burden seems to be this: "We all
know, fellas, that there are cer-
tain horrible ideas you and I don't
believe. If we bring them out into
the light, we can expose them bet-
ter." In accordance with this pat-
tern, people can refer to the "vile
weeds" of unfashionable thought,
and the "attractive flowers" of
This is a great misunderstand-
ing of, and departure from, the
liberal tradition in defense of civil
liberties. The right to hear all
ideas, without pre-judgment, is an
integral part of this liberal tradi-
tion. To add the rider that we
know already that certain ideas
are foul, and we will hear them
to confirm this, is to change the
entire position. The free exchange
of ideas, in a democratic atmos-
phere, "as a means of reaching
truth, means just that. If we have
made pre-judgments, there is no
exchange. We are already con-
vinced, are not searching through
free speech for truth. Hearing the
unorthodox ideas becomes merely
a ritual.
As one example of this attitude,
the statement "We felt that the
proposed debate would spotlight
the fraudulent misrepresentation
and insincere duplicity of the well-
publicized charges of planned Ne-
gro genocide" (Ted Friedman,
"Daily," May 20) is hardly a lib-
eral attitude. Though this is fol-
lowed by the statement that "we
refused, however, to prejudge," it
is obvious that he has prejudged.
An inquiring attitude of hearing
these charges and then deciding
about them would have been far
more appropriate here. It is in-
teresting that many students on
campus took this open-minded at-
titude, as exemplified by their be-
havior at the debate. Yet quite a
few articxlate liberals have not
recognized this, and remain at the
"vile weed" level of oratory.
-Devra Landau
*,* *
Sweet Voices .. *
To The Editor:
DR. ESSON M. GALE, Counsel-
lor to foreign students and
Director of International Center
should be "congratulated" in his
quick observation of the "disgrace-
fully" close and friendly relation-
ship of the much-liked Mr. Earle
Stewart the coordinator of activi-
ties, and the foreign students at
the Center.
Since seventy five perceit of the
Center's work is "counselling" to
"students from other lands" should
not the counsellor-counsellee rela-
tionship be maintained at the
I welcome Dr. Gale's idea of
creating a higher ranking posi-
tion than that of the coordinator
of activities, so that once again
the sweet voices of the foreign{
(pardon me, "students from other
lands") students, saying "Good-1
morning Sir" and "Yes Sir" ac-
companied by the small graceful'
courtsey bow (to their superior
counsellors) will be echoed and'
seen at the Center after the lapse
of one semester.
But I would liketo knowfrom
where the Center is going to get'
the funds necessary for a highera
ranking officer when the Center3
has been clamoring for more funds
for a number of years.
-Dilip Mehta
* * * -.
Hospital Shows,.
To The Editor:
ON FRIDAY, May 16th the Mod-
ern Dance and Ballet ClubsI
gave their second annual perform-
ance for a group of 20 tuberculosis
patients at University Hospital.

With the exception of an occasion-
al movie and a party with enter-
tainment at Christmastime, this
is all these patients ever receive
by way of a change from their
daily struggle with this disease,
which keeps most of them flat on

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"Oh, Yes --Now, What Was It We Were Going To Do?"



their backs from a minimum of
12 months to as long as several
The program was a varied
one including sections from the
Masque for Dance: "The Silver
Heron," a Bach Suite, Chopin
Variations, Jazz Lullaby, Der Kon-
duktor and Pas de Deux for two
of Gulantics fame. This latter
satire was especially appreciat-
ed. Participating dancers were
Blanche Jones, Doris Meleky, Vera
Simon, Doris Marsh, Geraldine
Miller, Gretchen Bowsma, Doris
Taylor, Tulah Kurath, Marvin
Carpenter and Mac Emschwiller.
In addition, Ann Kaminsky read
for the Silver Heron.
Sarah Graf presented some of
her cabaret song repertoire,- Ed
Chudacoff led group folk-singing
with his guitar and Sam Irwin
served as Master of Ceremoniese.
Invaluable help as well as refresh-
ments for all were provided by the
Occupational Therapy Depart-
Judging from the enthusiastic
and grateful reception of this type
of program for the second con-
secutive year, I believe here is a
great opportunity for other per-
forming groups on campus to
bring live shows to these patients.
-Karen Irwin
* * *
The Defense Rests.. .
To the Editor:
WE ARE ENGAGED in a war.
"A war by any other name
... is no less war." (Grier, Prize
The President is invested with
the war power, as well as the Con-
gress. (See various proclamations
of Lincoln and of Roosevelt, espec-
ially the Japanese Relocation Or-
der, Federal Register, Vol. VII No.
The very conception of a just
government and its duty to the
citizen includes the reciprocal ob-
ligation of the citizen to render
military service in case of need
and the right to compel it . . . (Ar-
ver v. U. S., 1918; Vattel, Law of
Nations Book III Ch. 1,2.)
Today, when the whole economy
must be geared to the successful
prosecution of the war, and the
failure of one cog can disrupt the
whole, specialized economy, as is
the case, the concept of military'
service includes the whole of the
war effort, which the government,
hence the President (Premiss 2)
has the right to control and com-
The steel industry is essential
to the war effort.
Therefore the President has
competence to act to prevent a
disruptive strike.

As this competence exists, his
action does not violate the due
process clause. Nor has the Presi-
dent broken a law by refusing to
employ the alternative procedure
of Taft-Hartley. If the compe-
tence exists, as it does, and unless
the means chosen is prohibited,
as it is not, the choice of means
is his, and his alone. (See dis-
cussion of means, McCuhlouch v.
Maryland.) Further, his action is
not amenable to judicial inquiry.
(See U. S. v. Belmont, 301 U. S.,
and U. S. v. Pink, 315 U. S., for a
discussion of the due process
clause and of judicial review in
fields left by the Constitution to
the political departments.)
Hence the President is the sole
judge of the appropriateness of his
actions. When the Congress im-
peaches, or the electorate votes,
they are reproving his judgment
in a matter; but judge it them-
selves, they cannot.
--Wilbur Harvey Friedman, HI
* * *
Noble Attempt ...
To the Editor:
der to President Hatcher in
his noble attempt to "bring har-
moniously together in a common
pursuit all nations, races and
creeds." Such courageous altru-
ism stirs one's heart and brings
to mind all the fine and democrat-
ic speeches our president has deliv-
ered in the past.
Lecture committees, loyalty
oaths, McPhaul trials, off-campus
speeches, paternalism, bi-racial-
ism, anti-bias vetoes-all these
serve to gladden the soul of the
true American. May we look for-
ward to bigger and better things
in the future.
--Charles Browne
SMTRI* * ** *
Alarming Tendency .,.
To the Editor:
THERE has been an alarming
tendency inrecent editorials
and letters in The Daily to imply
that the University administra-
tion has a monopoly of vice and
the student body a monopoly of
virtue. It seems more reasonable
to assume that the truth lies some-
where in between or better yet
that most of the differences of
opinion are the result of mis-
understanding rather than ill will.
I have had a growing feeling over
the past months that many of the
criticisms would never have ap-
peared at all if the critic had
asked himself the right questions,
among them the following:
1. Before criticizing a decision
has the critic been careful to pos-

sess himself of all the facts on
which the,degision was based?
2. Is the critic being misled by
the asstimption that the admin-
istration likes to impose arbitrary
restrictions and that it is hostile to.
student proposals per se?
3. Has the critic made a success-
ful effort to avoid the assumption
that what he wants or that what
he feels is right is really best for
the university as a whole?
My guess is that many critics,
if they stopped to ask such ques-
tions, would be pleasantly surpris-
ed to discover the willingness of
the administration to go halfway
or more than halfway to meet
-Joshua McClennen
Geggd* * *
Genocide :.
To the Editors:
THE WORD "Genocide"'has been
in use for some time. It may
interest some people to know that
this name first originated in the
report of a Polish professor who
charged Russia with genocide in
the notorious murder of 10,000
Polish officers in Katyn forest in
October, 1939. The case has been
well know in Europe for many
years,hbut has onlyrecently been
brought to the attention of the
American public. The Communists
in the USA had to divert attention
from this, so, in their usual tradi-
tion, they introduced a counter-
charge of their own.
The term "Genocide" means
murder of a race or nationality. I
may say here that all the persecu-
tion of the minorities in US since
the Civil War seem puny when
compared with the wholesale mur-
der, compulsorary teaching of Rus-
sian and Communist doctrine, and
the amalgamation of the small
Eastern-European countries into
the Soviet Empire. In the US there
are societies for the advancement
of minorities, there are even laws
for their protection. All that the
Eastern-European had is a forlorn
hope and a prayer.
Americanspshould count their
blessings, and only after they have
done so, let them talk about things
that they know so little about.
Predjudice exists. No one is deny-
ing that. The present treatment,
however, is not helping it any but
merely antagonizing the predju-
diced elements. Any attempt to
force measures of the type, sug-
gested in the recent debate down
peoples' throats is just as surely
totaltiarian as Soviet Russia it-
self. The American way is through
-Stephen G. Jaffe
New Trend...
To the Editor:
WISHING to further The Daily's
new journalistic trend, I re-
spectfully submit for the edifica-
tion of the Editors the following
choice bits of news:
On Saturday night our boy Nel-
son was unintentionally kicked in
the face by Harv, who lives down
the hall and happened to be
spending a few minutes in Nel-
son's room. Just a week ago Satur-
day, Roy and Ralph participated
in an evening-long wrestling bout,
with Roy coming out on top. And
just the other evening I stubbed
my toe in' the shower.
Nelson is feeling fine now,
Ralph has forgiven Roy, but my
toe still hurts. I sincerely hope
that Mr. Macdougall is feeling
better than I.
-Richard Grossman
EDITOR'S NOTE: Had your little con-
tretemps received important notice on
the police blotter, it too might have
made The Daily.

ir1 i n i



MINERAL WELLS, Tex.-An Important
Republican gathering in Texas used
to seem about as likely an event, by the- an-
cient rules of American politics, as a synod
of atheists in St. Peter's Cathedral. Yet the
Republican State Convention held here in
this rather bleak little resort town in the
Texas hill country can quite easily turn out
to be a major turning point in the party's
There has been more here than a bitter
and crucial contest between the supporters
of Sen. Robert A. Taft and General of the
Army Dwight D. Eisenhower. Behind the
usual facade of wilted delegates, ugly ban-
ners and party managers exuding false
self-confidence, people here have been ar-
guing bitterly about what sort of party
the Republican party ought to be.
The simplest way to describe the concept
of the Taft faction is to say they appear to
believe that Republicanism is almost like the
British peerage, a rare, hereditary privilege.
The best symbol of' this viewpoint is Na-
tional Committeeman Henry Zweifel, who
has driven the Taft steamroller here.
Zweifel is a graying, aging Fort Worth
lawyer-business-man who was a United
States Attorney in the happy Republican
years of the '20s. He took the lead in the
campaign of naked religious prejudice that
won this state for Herbert Hoover on the
only occasion when Texas has gone Repub-
lican. He inherited the state leadership from
the late Col. R. B. Creager, whose name
carries the tradition back to another big
Taft convention, 1912, when the word
"steamroller" was added to the American
political vocabulary.
The Zweifel political approach is dis-
closed by his public declaration that he
would rather "lose with Sen. Taft" than
sinfully compromise with Republican
principles by nominating Gen. Eisenhow-
er. Like Creager before him, Zweifel has
run the Texas Republican Party like a
small private club.
Like Creager, to be sure, he has also is-
sued pious statements, before each national
election, that now was the time for a two-
party system to develop in Texas. But in
fact, the emergence of a two-party system in
Texas is the last thing Zweifel wants. His

here were anything but a small private
club the competition would be too stiff for
Henry Zweifel.
Sen. Taft long ago sewed up Zweifel and
the other Southern leaders like him, whose
support in fact was classed as a prime as-
set in the original Taft plan for victory. It
can be imagined, then, with what horror
Zweifel and most of the other Republican
club members heard the sudden knocking
of uncontrollable masses of Texas voters on
the club doors.
This was the Eisenhower surge in Tex-
as. Certain regular Republicans, like the
former candidate for Governor, Alvin
Lane, participated in the movement. The
great mass of the Eisenhower rooters was
composed, however, of former Democrats,
or independents, or of younger men and
women who had never troubled to vote.
They had two things in common. They
wished to get rid of the Democratic Na-
tional Administration. And they saw in
Gen. Eisenhower a Republican candidate
they could vote for with enthusiasm, a
man offering them final escape from the
one party prison in this state.
As the law here requires, these Eisenhower
enthusiasts paid their poll taxes; they sign-
ed the necessary pledge of Republican al-
legiance; and they flocked into the Repub-
lican precinct meetings. In the majority of
counties, they overwhelmed the Zweifel or-
ganization by sheer weight of numbers. In
big Dallas County, for example, attendance
at Republican precinct meetings actually
ran higher than attendance at the Demo-
cratic gatherings; and the Eisenhower en-
thusiasts polled close to 80 per cent of the
Dallas County Republican votes.
The riposte of the Zweifel organization
has been, very simply, to ignore the ma-
jority against it. The State Executive
Committee has seated pro-taft delegations.
Those delegations chosen here to go to
the Republican National Convention will
hardly represent more than a third of the
people who have signified their wish to
vote Republican by signing up and going
to the precinct meetings. The pro-Eisen-
hower contesting delegation will represent
the other two-thirds.
The Zweifel tactics have beenfcountenan-
ced and approved by Sen. Taft's personal


(Continued from page 2) M Music degree. A Teaching Fellow in
Voice, Mr. Elson will sing compositions
by Monteverde, Cavalli, Scarlatt, Han-
Concerts del, Fevruerin Kiretm Nassenet, Wolf,
Strauss, and Harrison. He studies with
Student Recital: Paui Jenkins, Or- Arthur Hackett; and his program will
ganist, will play a recital at 4:15 Sun- be open to the public.
day afternoon, June '8, in Hill Audi-b
torium, in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of Master of Exhibitions
Music. It will include works by Lubeck,
Bach, Brahms, and Reubke. Mr. Jen- Museum of Art, Alumni Memorial
kins is a pupil of Robert Noehren. Hall: Michigan Water Color Society --
On Wed., June 11, at 5 p.m., Mr. Jen- Sixth Annual Exhibition. June 1
kins will play a carillon recital on the through June 29. Gallery hours: Week-
Charles Baird Carillon in Burton Tow- days 9 to 5, Sundays 2 to 5. The public
er. Among other compositions Mr. Jen- is invited.
kins will play Gluck's Gavotte from
"Alceste," Bach'saChorale Prelude,
"Sleepers Wake!" and the Negro Spirit- U vet fM c CL ig
ual,"Dep Rr" wic heha a- University of Michigan Marching

Co-op Apartment interest group will
meet at 7:30 p.m., 1017 Oakland. Phone
7211, Luther Buchele, for information.
Graduate Political Science Round
Table. 7:45 p.m., Rackham Amphithe-
ater. Dr. Abraham Kaplan, visiting As-
sociate Professor of Philosophy at the
University of California at Los Angeles,
will speak on the topic, "Values and
Politics." Refreshments following meet-
ing. All interested invited.
New Senior Class Officers Meeting. 5
p.m., League. Room will be posted. All
Senior class officers are urged to at-
tend. Informal discussion concerning
plans for next year.
Coming Events

Sixty-Second Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board In Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Chuck Eliott ........Managing Editor
Bob Keith...............City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
Vern Emerson ..........Feature Editor
Ron Watts .............Associate Editor
Bob Vaughn ...........Associate Editor
Ted Papes ................Sports Editor
George Flint ....Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker .....Associate Sports Editor
Jan James............Women's Editor
Jo Ketelhut, Associate Women's Editor
Bnss uStaff
Bob Miller ...........Businews Manaser
Gene Kuthy, Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ....Advertising Manager

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