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VOL. LXII, No. 160 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 17, 1952
Says Only Coalition of Free Powers
Can Prevent Russian Engulfment
By The Associated Press
Only a coalition of free powers led by a well-armed United States
can prevent Russia from engulfing the world, Secretary of State Dean
Acheson said last night at the third annual national Armed Forces
Day dinner in Washington.
In an impromptu talk following Acheson's speech at the dinner,<
President Truman declared that "we're on the verge of success" in
the drive for world peace and repeated his demand that Congress
provide' the funds he considers necessary for America's armed forces
in this drive.
1""t THE AIM of the United States
* * *
* * *
* * *
* * *
By DIANE DECKER
Gen. Douglas MacArthur swept
into town yesterday with his 18-
car entourage and was greeted by
thousands of townspeople and
More than 4,000 people Jammed
the steps and curbs around the
Rackham Bldg. to hear the al-
most-legendary hero of the Philip-
pines praise Michigan and the
"many distinguished Michigan
men under my command in the
last two wars."
* * *
AFTER HIS brief remarks in
Ann Arbor, the MacArthur motor-
cade traveled to Detroit. There,
standing on the steps of City Hall,
Gen. MacArthur urged America to
"reorient the course of govern-
Addressing the "working men
and women," the- General de-
clared: "You must insure that
the course of government be
reoriented from the arbitrari-
ness of autocratic rule which is
leading us inexorably toward
the regimentation of a military
While at the University, Mac-
Arthur praised "the college tradi-
tion," terming it "the symposium
of art, culture, commerce and in-
CITY COUNCIL president Cecil
Crea, and University President,
Harlan H. Hatcher welcomed "the
man on a white horse" and pre-
sented him with a bound collec-
tion of letters from local business-
men. A gift for the absent Arthur
MacArthur was also presented.
Ikse Hold Bieg
By The Associated Press
General Dwight D. Eisenhower
pulled away into a whopping lead
in the first Republican returns
of Oregon's Presidential primary
The slow count of the long bal-
lot also started Sen. Estes Ke-
fauver of Tennessee on the way
toward snapping up all 12 Demo-
cratic national convention dele-
gates. He had only to beat two
EISENHOWER stands to gain
at least 10 of the 18 GOP dele-
gates by winning the preferential
poll from five other candidates.
The remainder depend on the
vote for eight unpledged delegate-
candidates generally termed fav-
or8ble to Sen. Robert A. Taft of
Ohio, who was not on the ballot.
There was no count as yet on
Latest preferential poll re-
turns from 416 of 2,269 precincts
are: Eisenhower 15,724; Mac-
Arthur 2,056; M o r s e 891;
Schneider 69; Stassen 592;
Warren 3,620; Taft (write-in)
In the Democratic race:
Douglas 2,206; Kefauver 11,054;
Meanwhile) North Dakota Re-
publicans last night elected 14
uninstructed delegates to the
National GOP Convention, but
eight of them said they favored
Sen. Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio) for
the party's presidential nomina-
One delegate said he was def-
initely for Gen. Dwight Eisen-
hower. Four said they had not
made up their minds.
Other political developments
yesterday included a claim by
Sen. Kefauver that he could win
the D'emocratic nomination even
if he is denied the majority of
delegate votes from New York,
Pennsylvania and Illinois.
Out in Nebraska Sen. Fred Sea-
ton (R.) announced yesterday he
is switching his support from Har-
old E. Stassen to Gen. Eisenhower
for the GOP nomination.
Gas Tax Poll
LANSING-()-The State Su-
preme Court ruled yesterday that
a public referendum on the 1951
law jumping the state gasoline
tax from three to four and one
half cents a gallon would be ille-
In a unanimous decision writ-
ten by Associate Justice Emerson
R. Boyles, the Court held that the
gas tax increase was ,an appro-
priation act and was not subject
to a referendum under the .Con-
The measure was vetoed by
Gov. Williams but the Legislature
overrode the veto.
A citizens committee, sponsored
by the CIO, had gathered enough
petitions to put the question on
the ballot next fall.
Death Penalty Bill
and its allies is not "static con-
tainment" of Soviet Communism,
Acheson said, but it is to win for
the free world the opportunity to
solve its great problems.
The purpose of the buildup
of strength, he asserted, is to
"prevent war from happening"
by making it certain that a
potential foe will run into diffi-
culty if he attacks.
"The strength of the free world
must be organized in such a way,"
Acheson said, that the aggressor
would at the outset be engaged in
trouble at the point of attack
when the full force of retaliation
falls upon him.
Of Korea, Acheson said that
United Nations resistance to end
aggression there "helped break a
chain of events which might have
led to World War III."
HE CONCEDED that the ulti-
mate outcome in Korea was diffi-
cult to forsee. He contended that
the action of the United States
and its UN Allies has already pro-
duced a "tremendous accomp-
Truman recalled that a year
ago he had told a similar audi-
ence that the world was in the
midst of one of its greatest crises
which had to be met by Ameri-;
can leadership and he said
"We've had our ups and downs
but we've come a long way" since
s * *
-Daily-Don Campbell, Bruce Knoll
THOUSANDS HAIL THE "OLD SOLDIER" DURING WHIRLWIND CAMPUS TOUR. ARROW DESIGNATES GEN. MacARTHUR AS MOST PERSONS SAW HIM.
er yesterday described the free
world's defense as a global thing
in which Korea, Indochina and
Malaya rank in importance with
The top soldier in thee building
of Western Europe's bulwarks ask-
ed the democracies to avoid taking
a narrow geographic view of their
struggle to protect themselves
"against the threat of monolithic
HE MADE THE statement to
newsmen at London airport at the
end of a two-day fare~vell visit to
Britain as Supreme Commander of
Allied Powers in Europe.
The struggle to preserve dem-
ocracy, he said, involves spiritual
and economic as well as military
factors. More important "We
have to find those common in-
terests among ourselves that will
hold us firmly together," he
said. He did not mention Com-
munism by name.
On this side of the Atlantic Am-
erican leaders often are classified
as being either European-minded
or Asian-minded. Eisenhower
made it clear he believed in a
For Final Oil
By The Associated Press
Only small, isolated settlements
were reached yesterday as hopes
for an immediate end to the na-
tion's oil strike began to fade.
O11 and gasoline shortages
spread as the hoped-for back to
work movement reached no more
than a trickle. More commercial
air flights were cancelled, espec-
ially across the Atlantic.
* * *
THE PICTURE was brighter in
Detroit, however, as one settle-
ment was reached yesterday and
two others reported close in the
17-day old gasoline strike. The
threat that DSR service might be
curtailed was virtually eliminated
when the transit system reported
that it has been promised nearly
1,000,000 gallons of gasoline.
THE GOVERNMENT slightly
eased one restriction. It authorized
the use again of aviation gasoline
for agricultural and forest pro-
Delaying an end to the na-
tion-wide strike by 90,000 work-
ers in 22 unions was a general
disappointment over a Govern-
ment lid on wage increases-the
big issue-and a desire to haggle
more closely over other, lesser
Despite recommendations of top
union officials that they accept,
10,000 workers covered by the in-
dustry's only nationwide contract
last night reportedly were voting
down the latest offer.
The contract covers Sinclair Oil
Corp. and its subsidiaries with pro-
duction in half a dozen states and
a pipeline that runs from the Gulf
Coast to the Atlantic.
The offer included the hourly
wage increase of 15 cents which
the Wage Stabilization Board in-
dicated is the highest it will ap-
The union asked asked 25 cents
originally, but offered to compro-
mise at 182.
SEOUL-Allied war planes yes-
terday roared out in force, knock-
ing out 20 Red guns on the front
and cutting the Red railway in
64 places behind the lines.
The U. S. Fifth Air Force, in an-
nouncing the results, said fighter-
bombers also picked off two loco-
motives, destroyed 54 box cars and
blew up two railway bridges and a
The Students for Democratic
Action and the Unitarian Student
Group have petitioned the Lecture
Committee for permission to hold
a debate featuring a University
faculty member, two Michigan
attorneys and a member of the
Civil Rights Congress.
Subject of the proposed debate
is: "Is the U.S. Government Prac-
ticing Genocide Against Negroes?"
Mrs. Ann Shore, director of or-
ganizations and charter member
of the Civil Rights Congress, and
Lebron Simmons, Detroit attorney,
are slated to support the "pro"
side of the issue.
Taking the opposite stand
will be Prof. Preston W. Slosson
of the history department and
John Ragland, University grad-
uate and attorney for the Dun-
bar Civic Center.
The debate, if approved, will be
held at 7:30 p.m. Tuesday in the
League. The Lecture Committee
will meet at noon today to decide.
WASHINGTON - The House
voted overwhelmingly yesterday
for a permanently strong U.S.
Marine Corps with a voice of its
own, for the first time.
, , ,s
BERLIN - Communist leaders
whipped a crowd of nearly 200,000
East German youths into a frenzy
of anti-Western hate late yester-
day with demands that they "act
now to defend the peace."
BONN, Germany-A mammoth
plan to make all West Germans
share the financial losses of Hit-
ler's war was approved yesterday
by the lower house of the Federal
*, * *
WASHINGTON-A United Na-
tions employe under discharge no-
tice refused yesterday to tell inves-
tigating Senators whether he is a
member of a Communist spy ring.
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
BURBANK, Calif.-An explosion yesterday rocked the Warner
Brothers Studio and fired a sound stage and a movie set into a
* * * *,
WASHINGTON-A National Production Authority (NPA) official
yesterday resisted the Ford Motor Company's proposal to redistributeI
scarce metal, saying it probably would put the Kaiser-Frazer and
Crosley companies out of business.
* * * (.
PHILADELPHIA -(P)- Steel-
workers President Philip Murray
yesterday accused Secretary of
Commerce Sawyer, boss of the
seized steel industry, of an "un-
thinkable degree of bias" in Fed-
eral handling of the steel dispute.
Sawyer was not immediately
available in Washington for com-
Murray did not immediately
explain his remarks to the clos-
ing sessions of the steelworkers
convention, but he lit into Saw-
yer and told the union delegates
that the Commerce Secretary is
"no friend of yours."
Murray read a letter from
Sawyer, which said, that while
workers generaly had taken care
during the recent three-day steel
strike to preserve mill equipment
and other faciilties, that this
"was not universal."
Eailier Murray turned on
"those belly achers among us"
and personally steamrollered the
opposition to defeat as the CIO-
Steelworkers voted to raise the
Union's dues and initiation fees.
Joel W. Biller, '53L, has been ap-
pointed chairman of the Joint Ju-
diciary Council, it was announced
Biller has served on the Council
for one year. He was first appoint-
ed a year ago in May and was re-
appointed last Thursday night.
A native of Milwaukee, Wiscon-
sin, he spent his undergraduate
days at the University of Wiscon-
sin where he graduated in 1950.
Immediately following his gradu-
ation he enrolled in Law School
While at Wisconsin, Biller was
active in various phases of student
government, serving at one time as
a member of the Student Board.
He is a member of Phi Alpha Del-
ta, legal fraternity.
Tickets for the Interfrater-
nity Council Ball, which will be
held from 9 p.m. to 1-a.m. to-
day, featuring Ralph Flana-
gan's orchestra, will be on sale
from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. today in
the Administration Bldg., ac-
cording to Eli Schoenfield,
Committeemen reported that
20 men will be hired at $1.10 an
hour for clean-up work follow-
ing the dance starting at 12:30,
Those interested are asked to
call Mr. Snyder at the Intra-
mural Bldg. anytime tomorrow.
Coeds Approve Lingerie
Grab by Columbia Men
A corsage was given Mrs.
MacArthur, who is accompany-
ing 'her husband on his tour,
from local school children.
President Hatcher reve'aled af-
ter the program that Gen. Mac-
Arthur had commended "the great
work the University is doing
through its Japanese study pro-
* * *
THE OLD soldier struck-a light-
er note in his short address when
he said that he had spent Thurs-
day night on the Michigan State
College campus and had been
asked by a student there to warn
the University about the outcome
of next fall's football game.
"I told the student," Mac-
Ar.thur related, "that I had no
intention of starting a third
The theme of MacArthur's De-
troit speech was very much like
that of his address to a joint ses-
sion of the Legislature in Lan-
sing. In both speeches, he said,
"There are no politics in me, nor
none intended in what I say."
In Detroit, the General said
he was convinced the U.S. "will
take a firm and invincible stand
in the coming constitutional
battle to save America as we
have known it."
MacArthur has twq pledged
delegates for the GOP presidential
convention, although he has not
announced his candidacy for the
office. In Washington, MacArth-
ur's Lansing statement that
"maneuvering for the presidential
nomination sets the stage for the
emergence upon the American
scene of the ugly threat of a mili-
tary state was interpreted as a
reference to the GOP candidacy
of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Blast at Ike
By The Associated Press
Columbia University students
yesterday joined the group of
spring rioters, when more than
1,000 men staged a lingerie raid
on near-by Barnard college.
The Barnard girls drew frowns
fromtheir dean, Millicent C. Mc-
Intosh, who criticized them for
"unexpectedly immature behav-
ior." About 300 of the girls waved
undies from their windows and
tossed waterfilled bags as Colum-
bia males fought police and spe-
THE RAID was another in a
rash of springtime revolts which
have been breaking out, all over
the nation. The University of Mi-
chigan touched off the series more
than a month ago, when 5,000 men
raided the women's dorms.
However, the Columbia raid,
unlike some of its predecessors,
was not charged to emulation of'
the U. of M. Other riots have
been staged at the universities
of Illinois, Wayne, Nebraska,
and, more recently, Iowa and
Dean McIntosh put into wordsr
what many another educator has
hinted at : "The Columbia boys
could not be dispersed by the po-
lice because of the continued en-
couragement given them by wo-
See HAL BOYLE, Page 2
men students in the dormitories."
Barnard College is the women's
branch of Columbia and its dor-
mitories are on the same campus.
The Columbia riot differed from
the local demonstration in that
one policeman was hurt and one
male student was given a disor-
FIVE MILLION RAISED:
Phoenix Project Marks 4th Year-
* * * -*
The Phoenix War Memorial!
Project marks its fourth anniver-
sary today, $5,702,000 closer to its
On May 17, 1848 The Daily
printed a Phoenix Project extra,l
celebrating the final approval of
Smith, former University stu-
In February 1948 the Atomic
Energy Commission wholeheart-
edly endorsed the plan and the
Board of Regents gave their final
approval May 1 1948.
DETROIT --(P)-- Michigan
backers of Gen. Dwight D. Eisen-
hower for the Republican Presi-
dential nomination replied today
to Gen. Douglas MacArthur's im-
plied warning against electing a
-;I; n- rn-n Q-czti.,.dA f f the.
.. .. .. .
I JOEL BILLhR I