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May 10, 1952 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1952-05-10

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SATURDAY, MAY 10, 1952

_______________________________ I _____________________________________________________ U ____________________________________________________

Mr. Republican 'Has Definite
ideas on Current U. S. Issues

T THE AGE of 63, Ohio's Senator Taft is
making his third and perhaps his last
ry at regaining the Presidency for the Taft
amily in a campaign whose dominant theme
s the forceful presentation of Mr. Republi-
an's stand on vital current issues.
In presenting his views to as many peo-
ple as he can reach, Taft likes to empha-
size the point that- the voters know his
stand on numerous domestic issues on
which his chief rival, General Eisenhower
has remained silent. Simultaneously, his
backers endeavor to impress the public by
representing him as a sane and logical
analyst who will provide the nation with
level-headed leadership.
The Democratic Administration's "over-
pending" on both the domestic and foreign
ronts is probably the key point in the Taft
* * *
ON DOMESTIC ISSUES Taft has called
or an end to the "waste and corruption"
n government and a cutting down on ex-
>enditures for the Fair Deal social program.
"Fighting Bob" and his backers have con-
tantly hammered at the "creeping social-
sm" they say is threatening free enterprise.
If elected, Taft yould undoubtedly keep
Federal aid to a minimum. He does, how-
ever, feel such aid is justified in education,
health and housing "if the need is great
enough, if the States are too poor to do
the minimum decent, job the people want
to have done and if we can afford it."
Although the Senator favors some aid to
nedical schools he has come out against
ompulsory health insurance and socialized
Taft feels that a voluntary FEPC is more
atisfactory than "trying to force some kind
Af law that will arouse bitter feelings in
nany places where it may be tried." This
tand should gain him many Southern votes
-but at the expense of Northern support.
As for Taft-Hartley-which has brought
him much opposition from organized la-
bor-laft says he has always felt it sub-
ject td'amendment because it is very
long and " iahs Inevitable that many of
its propositions should be subject to pro-
per criticism."
It is significant that in several instances
he senator has stood behind labor. For ex-
ample, during the 1946 railroad strike he
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
md represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.

helped kill Truman's proposals for drafting
the railroad workers into the army.
Though Taft admits some disfavor with
the methods McCarthy has employed, he
is all for clearing the government of Com-
munist influence. For this reason he gives
the Wisconsin Senator "a great deal of
credit" for "arousing the people to the
danger of Communism in the State De-
This stand can only add to the general
distrust held by those already lukewarm to
his overall policies and who feel he repre-
sents the "nefarious Old Guard" of Republi-
can politics.
* * *
IN THE FOREIGN policy area, Taft's cri-'
ticisms of the methods used by the Ad-
ministration to contain Communism have
raised the fear that he is, at best, a reluct-
ant supporter of European aid. Actually,
however, the Ohio Senator favors economic
and military aid to those nations who show
a "genuine interest" in defending them-
While he feels American troops would be
necessary to help defend Europe, he wants
their numbers limited, primarily to cut
down on expenses and to prevent this
country's involvement in a ground war on
the Continent in which, he maintains, we
might be hopelessly outnumbered in case
of an all-out Red attack.
Taft has also demanded a stronger air
force to cope with growing Russian air pow-
Although he is against using American
troops on the Chinese mainland, Taft
strongly favors arming Chiang Kai-Shek
and giving his men American air and
naval support for "diversionary" excur-
sions if the Korean war flares up again.
Finally, he supports a limited Point Four
program based more on the use of private
investment in backward countries than one
proposing to send "a large number of techni-
cal experts to every country in the world
to find something for them to spend money
on" that the government would be forced
to finance eventually.
In considering Taft's chances for elec-
tion, one must bear in mind that so far he
holds the majority of pledged delegates
and has the backing of the powerful
right-wing element in the Republican Par-
If he maintains his delegate lead there is
a strong chance for his nomination, which
may insure his election by a populace suffi-
ciently 'spurred on by cries of corruption,
extravagant spending and socialism in gov-
--Mike Wolff

Flood Control --
It's Inadequacy
IT WAS LITTLE comfort to the flood rav-
aged citizens of the Missouri and Missis-
sippi Valleys to hear from the army engi-
neer's chief, Gen. Lewis A. Pick, that the
terrible destruction wrought by the raging
rivers could have been prevented.
Many were already convinced that, had
150 million dollars been made available
by Congress for the earlier completion of
a series of dams, the wasteful loss of lives
and property could have been averted.
In Congress, however, the usual flood of
oratory continues, but nothing is being done
to correct the situation. It seems that the
"astute" Washington politicians think more
of haggling over expenditures and sending
our money around the world than of pro-
tecting the taxpayers' lives and property.
There are, of course, men in Washington
who realize the necessity of flood control
projects. President Truman, a native of the
flood-stricken area, has pointed out that the
flood losses cost the nation more than five
times the amount needed for adequate pro-
tection from the rising rivers. He has also
proposed a system of flood damage insur-
ance for residents of stricken areas, but his
pleas to Congress for necessary funds go un-
Onthe other hand, one cannot alto-
gether condone the administration's stand
on flood control, for a lack of initiative
on its part has deprived the valleys of
what might be cheap by-products of flood
control. Irrigation systems, which would
lessen the danger of drought and open
new lands to the west for agriculture, are
profitable additions which could be made.
Further, more extensive soil conservation
and hydro-electric power projects deserve
consideration. One look at the Tennessee
Valley would show how a potentially rich,
once flood-ravaged region could be con-
verted into a prosperous national asset.
Meanwhile, the bickering and politicking
in Washington continues, but the floods and
their reign of terror will return unless Con-
gress recognizes the necessity of proper flood
-Bernie Berman
IN AN EFFORT TO promote world 'under-
standing, International Week, sponsored
by the International Students Association
and the International Center, will be launch-
ed today.
Throughout the year ISA and the Center
have fostered world cooperation on a minia-
ture scale by getting American and foreign
students to work together on various pro-
ject. This week they are going all out to
put internationalism before the campus.
The week's events will include a bazaar,
a Chinese dinner, teas and the colorful
International Ball, where national cos-
tumes will be worn. The program has been
planned to interest everyone-whether
they prefer to dance, eat, discuss foreign
problems or just look.
Those who attend any one of these events
will find it an enlightening and rewarding
-Helene Simon
Cinema Guild . .
Architecture A uditoriu
Linda Darnell, Ann Sothern and Jeanne

AS ONE OF the first feathers in Joseph
Mankiewicz's cap, this movie is none the
worse for the few years which have passed
since it was first issued.
The story, oddly enough, centers on a let-
ter to the three wives (Mesdames Darnell,
Sothern and Crain) informing them that one
of their husbands has been snared by their
best friend. After the arrival of the letter
the picture turns to a series of three flash-
backs in which each of the wives finds that
her husband has had ample reason to be
the lucky man. A final scene brings us back
to the present and the discovery of which of
the husbands has taken advantage of his
The dialogue of Mankiewicz the screen-
writer is clever and witty, and the situations
of the three not-so-happy families are just
comic enough to keep the picture from being
a typical women's magazine love story.
For the most part the acting is subtle
and sophisticated, with the hand of Man-
kiewicz the director showing up in the ap-
propriate places. Coming close on the heels
of "The Model and the Marriage Broker"
this film points up the fact that Jeanne
Crain can accomplish something when she
sets her mind to it; similarly, Thelma Rit-
ter is back in a supporting role, where she
obviously belongs. The other husbands and
wives are funny when they ought to be,
and serious where they shouldn't.
But, as one myopic moviegoer out of the
multitude, I humbly ask for a little more
brightness from the projectors at Architec-
ture Auditorium. Darkness can ruin even the
het fn+ ir.+nre .

\ i ' ZQ.-
Atj ,AA.1

"Drop In Any Time"


The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the


(Editor's Note: The authors are now making a comprehensive study of
the dangerous inadequacy of America's air defense)
WASHINGTON-One of the sinister symptoms of our times is the
way that the greatest issues of national policy either get lost in
the political shuffle or are hidden under the fustian cloak of official
secrecy. Take, for example, the matter of the air defense of the United
States-which is virtually non-existent at present.
One of the two or three dominant facts in the world's stra-
tegic picture is the atomic bomb, which may before long become
the hydrogen bomb, in Soviet hands. Both the Soviet atomic stock-.
pile and the Soviet power to deliver atomic weapons to distant
targets are constantly growing. The danger to this continent is
not yet really imminent but it is likely to be very great indeed
in two or three years' time.
Air Force Chief of Staff, Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, formerly main-
tained that we could never destroy more than 30 per cent of the at-
tackers. The terrifyingly feeble existing air defense system cannot
achieve anything like this level of kills, except perhaps in daylight
and gdod weather. By night and in bad weather, Soviet bombers could
today fly over this country with relative impunity, although it is
doubtful whether they could find their assigned targets, and they could
not get home again.
Iiione and a half to two years, we can be reasonably sure of des-
troying at least three out of ten hostile aircraft in whatever weather
and at any time of the day or night. In two to three years, 40 or per-
haps even 50 per cent destruction may be feasible. And in three to four
years, we can theoretically achieve a full air defense.
This theoretical possibility of a near-total air defense squarely
rests on two things, however. First, it rests on the newly developed
weapons now tested or about to be tested, like the Nike guided missile.
Second, near-total air defense rests on having all the parts of
the air defense system-radar warning equipment of several kinds,
guided missiles of several types and all-weather fighter inter-
ceptors in considerable numbers. All these different elements of
the system must be available, fitted together in a working machine,
and ready to be used at any hour of the day or night for 365 days
a year.
It is urgent to build our air defense in pace with the increasing
danger that hangs over us. If near-total air defense is possible, we
should have it as soon as possible. But to achieve these ends, several
highly disagreeable and difficult measures have got to be taken.
As of now some room has got to be made in the defense budget
for immediate orders of all the promising new weapons and air defense
devices that have been properly tested.
As of next year most grobably, a most heavy addition to the
general defense budget will have to be made for air defense pur-
poses. The capital cost of continent-wide defense with just one of
the guided missiles now being readied is estimated at $7,000,000.
This is the most important and costly of the new weapons now on
the way, but many others are also needed. For a near-total air de-
fense, therefore, the over-all increase in the defense budget may
run as high as $4,000,000,000 annually for several years.
A single new plant for the Atomic Energy Commission nowadays
can cost close to $2,000,000,000. There can be no argument about the
wisdom of investing $4,000,000,000 a year, or twice $4,000,000,000 a
year, in an air defense that will effectively protect the people and the
industry of the United States. And if this great issue is not faced,
those who have refused to face it will carry an unbearable burden of
blame, when the time of danger is suddenly upon us and we find
that we are not defended in the air.
(Copyright, 1952, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)

We are LADIES... *
To the Editor:
W E ARE NOW at the end of
this struggle to create a uni-
form body which will choose mem-
bers of the Joint-Judiciary Coun-
cil. All through this issue, the
League was regarded as a stumb-
ling block, or to use The Daily's
words, 'an obstacle." One thing,
please, our proper nomenclature is
also "governing body"-just like
SL's We have been governing very
well for over 60 years now-not
that antiquity makes that much
difference-but we have built up
a reputation for strong, quiet,
sane leadership. There's nothing
bombastic or impetuous about the
,way we handle ourselves, for pri-
marily, we are LADIES.
For a governing body, SL cer-
tainly didn't behave according to
the legislative Emily Post. Name-
calling is a poor form of govern-
mental etiquette and isn't worthy
of the quality of the people on the
Legislature. Let's remember that
there are people's feelings as in-
dividuals to be considered. Just
because one person's opinions
don't jive with someone else's
doesn't mean that each starts
mud-slinging at the other. We
must always watch to preserve the
integrity of the other person's re-
putation, for we never know when
we will need the other one to help
us out. SL, the League, and the
administration are all out for the
best interests of the students and
because we differ on certain issues
is no reason for SL to start hit-
ting below the belt.
In the future, SL will try to ac-
quire more power and more res-
ponsibility. Before they do, I think
they should acquire the reputation
of stability and of jobs well done
in the past. Using the slogan, "We
are student government," is valid
to a point. They are only student
government when they act as stu-
dents would be proud for them to
act. I am in support of SL as
much as any other student, but
not when they conduct themselves
as if they are at a high school pep
Come on, SL, grow up.
-Ina Sussman
To the Editor:
IT IS INDEED unfortunate that
so few people on this campus
know the true reasons for the col-
lapse of AIM. Since its reorganiza-
tion five years ago, AIM has striv-
ed to serve the Independent Men
through services (A-Hop, Little
Club, sale of athletic equipment at
a substantial discount, election
bulletins) and reresentation.
Those men who have worked an
AIM have received no glory and
little publicity. Their only com-
pensation has been the knowledge
that they were working for the
cause of helping their fellow In-
Whenever Independents had
any gripe or were unjustly treat-
ed AIM took up the fight. Many
times when a group takes a coura-
geous stand on an issue it finds
itself the object of much adverse
publicity. This has often been the
case of AIM.
The logical question at this point
is why should this organization
with its seemingly worthwhile pur-
pose be forced into submission.
The answer can be found in what
I regard as one of the most loath-
some movements ever to be devised
on this campus. It involves the
actions of politicians who have
completely lost sight of the fact
that they were elected with but
one purpose-to serve their con-
A powerful group of Quad lead-
ers have undermined every worthy

project of AIM and have bluntly
announced that they would per-
form the functions of AIM even
at the cost of duplicating AIM's
efforts. This group is not interest-
ed in how well a job is done as
long as they receive the credit for
doing it!
Past incidents have lent cre-
dence to the charge that the three
Quad Councils have opposed one
another on every major issue. Each
Council is only interested in the
specific problems of its own Quad.
There will never be unanimity
among the three Quads. More i n-
portant, these men can never fill
the big gap left by the collapse of
--Bob Perry
Music-lovers .. .
To the Editor:
IS THE literature for a chorus
of American size really so lim-
ited that there is just nothing else
left than arrangements of some
wonderful songs, ranging helter
skelter from Mozart to Grieg and
back to Bach! The age of watered-
down pourris has passed. . . .
Imagine that happening in an-
other field of art, say painting.
You wouldn't visit a good museum
to look at John Smith's "reno-
vated" copy of Rubens, would you?
How is it ever possible to trans-
fer that intimate dialogue between
the "Knabe" and the Roslein"
(translated quite wrongly as rose-
bud") or a body of a few hundred
youngsters! And Schubert's Leier-
kastenmann' is particularly "un-
If there have to be arrange-
ments (Chopin's Tristesse in jazz-
versions and Bach's Fugues by
Stokowski are bad enough exam-
ples) why not go back to genuine
American folk songs which are
suited in language and mood, and
which haven't yet been preserved
in an unsurpassed way such as the
above songs. True, their compos-
ers, as well as Liszt and Bartok
borrowed from folklore, but was
not that on a different level?
The performance may be suited
for a music-appreciation course
for youngsters or a PTA meeting,
but not for a grown-up public of
music-lovers attending a Festival
of some standing.
-Gerhard Reitz



McPhaul Case . .


._._. - ,


The Accused. by Alexander Weissberg.
Simon and Schuster.
rVHE CURIOUS circumstances surroundipr
the assasination, in 1934, of Sergei Kirov,
member of the Politburo, have never been
satisfactorily explained, and probably never
will be. But if the cause is obscured, the
effects are not: after a brief period of
"White-hunting," the Great Purge began.
During the early stages, all the more impor,
tant Old Guard Bolsheviks who had ever
differed with Stalin on any issue were arrest-
ed, found guilty in open court, and even-
tually executed.
In 1936, the replacement of Yagoda by
Yezhov as head of the GPU (the common
designation'of the security police despite
its frequent rechristening) signalled the
beginning of the mass arrests. In this web,
Alexander Weissberg was caught up, and
at the time just prior to his arrest "The
Accused" begins.
As Koestler' says in, the introduction,
"many are called but few are chosen.
Weissberg was never tried, although the pup-
petmasters would have dearly loved to cast
him in a supporting role at Bukharin's show-
trial. Twice he signed a confession of the
absurdest sort: among other things, he "ad-
mitted" to have been working for the Ges-
tapo for a number of years before its exis-
tence, and one of the people who had "re-
cruited" him for his counter-revolutionary
purpose was fourteen years old at the time
the episode was supposed to have taken
place. Each time, after a night's rest, he
withdrew his confession. Thereafter, Weiss-
berg was left pretty much alone, and the last
two years of his incarceration were spent
in the interesting investigational pursuits
he outlines in these memoirs.
doubtedly suffered a good many hardships,
both mental and physical, but he very con-
siderately keeps his personal agony to him-
self. He only uses his chronicles of mistreat-
ment in an objective way, to illustrate the
general pattern of the prison regimen.
Probably because of his Austrian citizen-
ship, Weissberg remained in Kharkov pri-
son, while one shipment after another left
for the correctional labor camps. Conse-
quently, he met a great many interesting
"WHAT YOULD von ask of nhilosonhv? To

people, especially during his residence in
the mass cells: scientists, workers, national
minority groups, Red Army officers-party
and non-party members alike- passed
under his scrutiny. His scientific and po-
litical training helped him to survey com-
plex situation dispassionately, and he was
therefore able to objectify the strange
One of the problems that preoccupied him
most was: How could the iron heroes of the
revolution bring themselves to confess crimes
of which they were obviously innocent? Bit
by bit he gathered his information, much of
it from GPU men who found themselves in
the same boat, and most of it finally from
General Bogutsky, the leader of the Kiev
rising, and one of the Red Army's most ca-
pable officers. Later, still not satisfied, he
managed to confirm Bogutsky's explanation
by consulting one of the few surviving actors
of the show-trials.
I'm not sure that any official figures were
ever published, but Weissberg estimated that
between eight and ten million people became
victims of the Great Purge, all of them in-
nocent except for a few possible foreign
agents who might have been scooped up by
accident. Again, his scientific calculations
proved to be accurate when checked against
outside sources.
* * * ~
A NUMBER OF other doubtful points of
Soviet history during this period are also
cleared up, including the interesting case of
the betrayal of Marshal Tukhachevsky. But
serious as The Accused is, some aspects are
gritfily humorous, especially in the wry style
that Weissberg adopts on these occasions.
He never succumbs to what must have been
a powerful urge to make bitter denuncia-
tions because of the injustice he suffered;
he is content simply to tell the story as he
remembers it, and does so in a tone of mild
surprise rather than injury.
Finally, of course, the whole shabby
business assumed proportions that even
Yezhov couldn't have wanted. Everyone
who was arrested finally came to realize
that the more victims there were, the bet-
ter for themselves, and implicated every-
one they could think of. Suddenly Yezhov
was replaced by Beria in 1939, and the
snowball slowed to a halt.
A final chapter is devoted to an analysis
of the Great Purge, and although many of
1a ..c.ha rm. nrmn ncnr aa... nanl. naan ira

To the Editor:
THE FOLLOWING resolution
was passed by the Ann'Arbor
Council of the Arts, Sciences, and
Professions :
The Joint Judiciary Council and
the University Subcommittee on
Discipline lave admitted that stu-
dents have the right to hold and
attend private meetings at the Un-
ion. These groups should draw the
conclusion that the investigations
recently held into the "McPhaul
dinner" had no justification to be-
gin with; and that disciplining
students for alleged non-coopera-
tion with these unjustified and
improper investigations makes no
sense, unless as a pretext for pun-
ishing the legal act of listening to
Mr. McPhaul.
But more profound issues are in-
volved. It is the duty of the Uni-
versity to encourage students to
hear and consider varied points of
view; the University is failing its
duty if it follows the pattern of the
Un-American Activities Committee
and the Trucks Act by invoking
flimsy technicalities to forbid stu-
dents the right of free assembly
and the exercise of an open mind.
We therefore urge the immedi-
ate reversal of the verdicts against
the "McPhaul case" defendants;
the opening to the public of the
transcriptions of the hearings in
this case (provided the defendants
approve); and the abolition of the
University Committee on Lectures.
Sixty-Second Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Chuck Elliott .......Managing Editor
Bob Keith ..................City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
Vern Emerson ..........Feature Editor
Ran Watts .:...........Associate Editor
Bob Vaughn ...........Associate Editor
Ted Papes ................Sports Editor
George Flint ... .Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker.Associate Sports Editor
Jan James............women's Editor
Jo Ketelhut, Associate Women's Editor
B-astness Staff
Bob Miller ...........Busineus Manager
Gene Kuthy. Assoc. Business Manage?
Charles Cuson ....Advertising Manager
Milt Goetz.......Circulation Manager



The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 2552
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (11
a,m. on saturday).
SATURDAY, MAY 10, 1952
VOL. LXII, No. 154
student Convocation. President Har-
lan Hatcher will address a StudentI
Convocation at 3 p.m., Mon., May 12,
Hill Auditorium. All are welcome.
School of Business Administration.
Faculty meeting, Mon., May 12, 4 p.m.,
Room 146.
Choral Union Members who partici-
pated in the May Festival, and who de-
sire to join the Chorus next season, are
reminded to register during orientation
week next fall, at the offices of the

a 1:30 a.m. late permission on Sat.,
May 10.
University Lecture, auspices of the
Department of English. "Mr. Eliot's
Technique of the Interior Landscape."
MARSHALL McLUHAN, Professor of
English, St. Michael's College, Univer-
sity of Toronto. Mon., May 12, 4:15 p.m.,
Architecture Auditorium.
Christian Science Lecture hFree}
Sun., May 11, 3:15 p.m., Architecture
Auditorium, Corner of Tappan and
Monroe Sts., sponsored by the Christian
Science Organization at the U. of M.
Lecturer: Robert Stanley Ross, C.S.B.
of New York City, member of the Board
of Lectureship of The Mother Church,
The First Church of Christ Scientist,
Boston, Mass. Subject: "Christian Sci-
ence: The Principle and Practice of Di-
vine Metaphysics."
Academic Notices
Psychology Concentrates. Applications
for admission to the Honors Program
for 1952-53 should be, made by letter
to The Honors Comaittee, W. J. Mc-
T7 - ,4 fhorm n_ 119 Wt+1r' ri

ture and History of the English Lan-
guage, Sat., May 17, 9-12 a.m., in Room
1011, Angell Hall. The examination in
the Structure and History of the Span-
.,ish Language. Sat., May 24, 8-12 a.m.,
in Room 212, Romance Languages.
seminar in Complex Variables. Mon,
May 12, 3 p.m., 247 W. Engineering Bldg.
Mr. 0. Brauer will work on the the-
orem of Jentzsch.
Aircraft Icing Research Seminar:
Mon., May 12, 3:30 p.m. 4084 E. Engi-
neering Bldg. Mr. James E. Broadwell
will continue therdiscussion of the work
of Chapman and Rubesin on heat trans-
fer from a non-isothermal flat plate.
Student Exhibitions-College of Ar-
chitecture and Design through May 25
in the Museum of Art Galleries, Alumni
Memorial Hall. Monday through Satur-
day, 9 to 5; Sunday. 2 to 5. The public
is welcome.
Events Today
School of Music Student Council:
Short meeting of the new council, 1
p.m., 406 BMT. Officers will be elected


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