THE MICHIGAN DAILY
bu.Nt)Ai, MAY 4, 19)52
The 'Communist' Danger
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last in a series
of editorials on the current controversy over
DURING THE PAST two months the Uni-
versity has been seriously fighting the
oft-cited danger of "Communism" on the
college campus. The fight has been carried
on without any open statements as to its
purpose, but it is a foregone conclusion that
the speaker bans and the McPhaul inves-
tigation would never have occurred had the
people involved not been suspected of "Com-
The pressure for such persecution of
the suspected has been gradually increas-
ing. Men like Louis Budenz and Fulton
Lewis Jr., organizations of patriotic and
political vintage, and sensation seeking
newspapers are constantly charging "Red"
ahd pointing at one educational institu-
tion or another. The University, in the
eyes of many of the state's citizens, is just
such a Bolsheviktinfested school, especial-
ly since Ann Arbor was named as the
home of three Communist cells.
Because of the political restrictions that
are placed on the University-Regent's elec-
tions and Legislature budgets-there is an
expediency-born pressure to counteract such
impressions. Administrators have therefore
always been willing to bend over backwards
to sacrifice the integrity of academic stan-
dards, in order to clear the University of
suspicions of unorthodoxy.
The results are typified by the past two
months of intimidation and legal manipu-
lation carried out with ineffective secrecy.
By now all but the zealots on both sides
are fed up with the entire mess of ban-
nings and probings. Practically all agree
that they were grossly mishandled.
The saddest fact i that the danger of
campus "Communisn is ridiculously over-
exaggeratd, and that the administrators, by
fighting it so viciously, only add to the myth
rather than subtract from the reality.
*+ * * *
DESPITE ALL THE fears and newspaper
headlines, there is no trace of any or-
ganized Communist or Communist-front
group at this University. The Ralph Neafus
Club, which is the only cell with any past
history, has done nothing all year. The
Neafus Club letter which was sent to stu-
dents of Philosophy 63,,the Principles of
Communism, Fascism and Democracy, was
the work of a few individuals and not of a
group.- The letters sent to The Daily and
signed Ralph Neafus Club and Henry Ger-
ard were also individual actions.
The Marxist study groups of former
years have disappeared, though occasion-
ally there is a haphazard, informal gath-
ering. The best that can be found are in-
dividual exhibitions of bravado and sly
hints of a, midget band of sympathizers.
For all practical purposes there is neither
form nor substance to any of this.
By popular habit, the finger of suspicion
is pointed at four socially active groups that
are concerned with the problems of discrim-
ination, civil liberties and peace, The Young
Progressives, the Society for Peaceful Al-
ternatives, the Council of Arts, Science and
Professions and the Civil Liberties Commit-
All four groups, however, have done
nothing to warrant any charges. The
Young Progressives have requested a series
of speakers, all of whom are accused of
being Communists. The Society for Peace-
Iul Alternatives has been singularly inac-
tive except for the showing of the Com
munist film, "Peace Can Win." The Coun-
cil of Arts, Science and Professions, made
up of graduate students and teaching fel-
lows, has kept to itself all year. It only
ventured out of its discussions to issue, a
pamphlet attacking the House Un-Ameri-
can Activities Committee.
As for the Civil Liberties Committee, it is
perhaps the best of all campus pressure
groups. The CLC membership includes peo-
ple of every shade of opinion, and has con-
sistently adopted a sane, levelheaded atti-
tude toward campus problems.
* * * *
THE DIFFICULTY lies not in the organi-
zations, but in a small number of people,
at the very most 20, who belong to prac-
tically all the social-action clubs. Because
of 'their common interests and a stronger
need for social activities, they tend to gather
into an informal group, and as in all groups,
several leaders emerge. A few of these people
might be called Marxists. Only one of them
ever claimed to be a Commuist and during
the past few years he has remained silent on
this count. Most of them, however, have no
idea as to what either Marxism or Commun-
To say that this Score of students is a
threat to the remaining 15,675 is absurd.
At their worst they are melodramatists
and neurotic saviours. At their best they
are inept and occasionally insincere fight-
ers against discrimination and war. Their
greatest fault is that they are more inter-
ested in criticizing than in resolving the
problems that face us. Mixed in are sever-
al people who might be termed "agitators."
Essentially they are "idea" men, who when
the occasion arises, do not hesitate to em-
barrass the University. In this effort they
are consistently aided by University ad-
That then is the picture of "Communism"
on campus. It is a harmless, ineffective and
somewhat boring still life.
Yet, the University has consistently been
clubbing these people and who ever else may
get in the way of the wide swing. Blanket
charges have been made, regulations have
been ignored in order to stifle them. By
persecuting them, the University has added
to their importance, has in fact, made mar-
tyrs of several of the least worthy.
The contention thatMarxist and Com-
munist ideologies should be suppressed
because of their dangerous influence is
best disputedbythis group. When the few
"Marxists" are free to talk openly, they
can be debated, and their views neutraliz-
ed, if not decapitated. When they are
forced to talk secretly, there is no chance
to counteract them. Democracy is not
such a sterile, defenseless form of govern-
ment that it need hide behind dogmatism
To emasculate whatever agitators may
exist, the University would only have to re-
move the abuses, the speaker bans, and the
discriminatory policies that it sanctions. If
the University would encourage its students
to think freely, to consider civil liberties an
integral part of college life, it would end the
suspicions and antagonisms. By shadow
boxing with itself, by kowtowing to the fears
and prejudices of the general public, the
University loses both its dignity and value.
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: CRAWFORD YOUNG
HE ANNUAL exhibition of student work
from the Architecture and Design School
opened Thursday last at the University Mu-
seum of Art, and continues through May
25th. All three galleries are filled to over-
flowing; even with a number of display
stands and glass cases added, the show spills
out onto the mezzanine.
Generally speaking, the West Gallery
is so arranged that in proceeding clock-
wise around the room, the viewer can
follow the technical progression of the
students whose work is displayed. Basic
drawing is followed by drawing on an
intermediate level, and so on.
It must be remembered that all of the
exhibits are academic problems posed by
instructors, and it is not until the more
advanced courses are reached that the stu-
dents have much freedom of choice in ex-
ecuting them. Still it is amazing how good
the results are. In basic design, for example,
there are specimens of approximately 10
different projects, all of them well worked
out within the imposed limits. It may be
that the casual observer may not be inter-
ested in the specific problem, but each is a
functional rung on the ladder of art educa-
tion. And many of them are quite as good
compositions as their more highly regarded
aesthetic elders produce and market.
The architectural plans and projects of
five years of courses are distributed over all
the display panels on the floor of the West
Gallery, and pn a portion of the walls. Un-
fortunately, these displays are of a rather
more technical nature, and . although they
may look impressive enough, their true value
will be appreciated by only a few.
Such doings are, of course, a vital part
of the curriculum, and obviously involve a
good deal of labor. Anyone who has the
patience to study these efforts, and the
similar ones on the mezzanine, will be re-
warded with a somewhat better under-
standing of buildings and how they grow.
Insofar as the system is responsible, the
eventual result of the earlier labors is re-
vealed in the exhibits housed outside the
West Gallery. For me, the North Gallery
contains the best work. Of the "advanced
paintings," both 'of George Conkey's can-
vases are very good, and one by Cyril Barnes
is exceptional. Both of these gentlemen al-
so excel in printmaking, as do most of
Along with several sculptural pieces and.
the architectural displays, the mezzanine
contains three glass cases full of ceramics,
most of them distinguished by tasteful sim-
plicity. The name of Marianne Gilmore par-
ticularly caught my eye, and I admit that
this is as much for her other contributions
as for her many ceramics. None of the
sculpture sprinkled throughout the show at-
tracted me much, but apart from her metal
twistings, Mrs. Gilmore exhibits a rich talent
in everything she undertakes.
The South Gallery is devoted to more
advanced work of a commercial sort; metal
work, particularized design, and advertis-
ing components take up most of the space.
The tapestry designs-especially the two
large samples-are about as good as any-
thing along those lines that you can find
Taken all in all, the current exhibition
is not only the largest of the year, but also
the most interesting. Even considering that
the exhibits are a selection of the best work
submitted during the course of the year, the
end results are very impressive, to say the
More Monsters.. .
To The Editor:
AM WRITING in regard to the
letter (The Daily, May 2) con-
cerning the German element in
the movie, "African Queen."
I would like to point out to Doc-
tors Denzel and von Hattingberg
that it was these same "mon-
strous" stereotypes that murdered
six million Jews in concentration
camps such as Buchenwald and
Dachau, and that it was these
same war scenes, "far-fetched and
left-overs of war-time propagan-
da," which reduced Rotterdam and
Warsaw to heaps of bloody rubble,
and saw the violent death of hun-
dreds of thousands of the world's
best young men.
In light of these horrors I find
it difficult to "forgive and forget."
I find it difficult to do so even
when a Western alliance is at
stake, since it is obvious from re-
cent newspaper reports that Ger-
many still places nationalism
above participation in such an
alliance. The Russian offer of a
unified Germany uncovered enough
nationalistic sentiment to threat-
en the uninterrupted continuance
of U.S.-German negotiations.
Speaking for myself, as an
American who did not suffer dur-
ing the last World War, I must
personally forgive, but not forget.
In the interests of "mutual trust
and good will" I believe that the
world should no longer "fight"
World War Two, but on the other
hand, in the interests of interna-
tional peace, I believe that the
world should not forget the special
brand of "mutual trust and good
will" which characterized the Mu-
nich conference of 1937.
--David J. Owens
/etteP4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from itsreaders on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 304 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
DAILY. OFFICIAL BULLETIN
"And I understand they're going to investigate the
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 2552
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (11
a.m. on Saturday).
The Week's News*
... IN RETROSPECT .. .
SUNDAY, MAY 4, 1952
VOL. LXII, No. 149
Faculty, College of Literature,
and the Arts: Meeting, Mon.,
4:10 p.m., 1025 Angell Hall.
McPHAUL PROBE-After nearly two months of investigations,
the University three-man faculty Sub-committee on Discipline finally
came forth with its decision on the controversial McPhaul dinner
case, placing five of the 16 students involved on probation and letting
the other 11 off without punitive action.
Immediately a cry went up from those placed on probation that
they were found guilty on a charge on which they were not tried.
The basis of their argument was that they were penalized for "conduct
unbecoming a student" and not for violating any Regents by-law.
They expressed intentions of carrying their case to the highest pos-
* * * .
TUITION HIKE-Papa was faced with new expenses last week as
the University announced tuition hikes ranging from $15 to $75 per
semester. Declared essential by the University to avoid a $570,000 loss
on next year's operations, the raise hits medical and dental students
hardest. Increased scholarship funds will be available for "hardship
cases," officials pointed out. Students were generally resigned to the
* * .*
MAY FESTIVAL--Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra conductor
Eugene Ormandy was awarded a Doctor of Music degree at the first
May Festival Concert, after starting off the annual music program
which has become famous for its excellent artists and diversity.
National . .
STEEL TANGLE-Work in the steel mills was an off again-on
again affair. After District Judge David Pine ruled that President
Truman acted without authority in seizing the steel mills a cheer
went up from the steel industry. Immediately union chief Philip
Murray called his men out on strike. The next day, however, a U.S..
Circuit Court of Appeals ruling put the government back in control
of the industry for an indefinite stay.
After this ruling the President issued an appegl to Murray to
get his men back on the job in order to protect national safety. The
steelworkers complied to his request, but the giant U.S. Steel Corp.
showed signs of reluctance in putting the men to work. Great Lakes
Steel Corp., however, managed to settle its wage dispute.
As the week ended nobody was quite sure just what the next de-
velopment would be. Most of the 160,000 strikers were back on the
job, but both steel industry chiefs and the government were keeping
their fingers crossed over the outcome of the Supreme Court hearings
on the dispute.
PETROL SHORTAGE-Gas tanks were running dry over the na-
tion as the mushrooming five-day-old oil wage strike seemed no nearer
to settlement. Critical aviation gasoline supplies were cut by an
estimated 35 percent and gas stations were doing a land-office busi-
ness as motorists sought to fill their tanks before the entire supply
ran out. By week's end an estimated 70 per cent of Detroit's and Ann
Arbor's gas stations were faced with a shut-down if the strike was not
settled early this week.
PRIMARY BATTLE-In what resembled a Kentucky Derby, Sen.
Robert Taft and Gen. Dwight Eisenhower shifted positions in the
delegate and popular vote count in the presidential primary races.
With final returns in from the Illinois primary Taft shot into the lead
in the popular vote count but undaunted Eisenhower supporters came
back and elected 27 out of 28 Massachusetts delegates and captured.
eight more in Missouri to put Ike ahead of Taft in delegate strength
278 to 274.
* * * *
MOVING UP-General acclaim greeted the news that Gen. Mat-
thew B. Ridgway was named as the man to succeed Gen. Dwight
D. Eisenhower as Supreme Allied Commander in Europe. The appoint-
ment takes effect on June 1, the date Ike is slated to return, to the
U.S. to press his bid for the GOP presidential nomination. Also pro-
moted was Gen. Mark Clark to succeed Ridgway-as United Nations
commander in Korea and as Commander-in-Chief of U.S. Armed
Forces in the Far East. Remaining in the same post is Gen. Alfred
Gruenther as Chief of Staff in Europe.
* * * *
CHURCH AND STATE-The old conflict of the separation of
church and state came up again last week as the Supreme Court
approved by a 6 to 3 vote the New York "released time" plan of re-
ligious instruction. It allows schools to excuse pupils for a short period
of religious teaching in a church of their own choosing.
* * * *
INVESTIGATIONS-Jackson Prison officials began to get their
affairs back to normal during the week while three investigating
1. Consideration of the minutes of the
meeting of April 14, 1952 (pp. 1767-1774).
2. Election to Executive Committee
Panel, Library Committee, Adinlnistra-
tive Board, and the Standing Commit-r
tee on Curriculum.C
3. Consideration of reports submitted
with the call to this meeting. a. Execu-
tive Committee-Prof. A. W. Bromage.
b. Executive Board of the Graduatev
School-Prof. H. R. Crane. No report.I
c. Deans' Conference-Assoc, Dean B. D.T
Thuma. No report.e
4, Special Order. Student evaluationt
of the Faculty..
6. New business.I
Co-op rooming applications for menc
and women are now being accepted forI
those students desiring membership in5
cooperatives for the summer and fall
sessions. Students should make appli-
cation in person, or write to Luthers
Buchele, 1017 Oakland. Office hoursn
from 1 to 5 p.m. Phone 7211.
The Royal Liverpool Group, a casualtyt
insurance firm from New York City,
will be interviewing June men for Un-
derwriting or Claims work, on wed.,
The Parker Rust Proof Company, De-7
troit, will be on the campus Wed., Mayt
7 to interview men for industrial sales
to call on manufacturing firms. Terri-
tories will be any place in the United
States. These positions are open to LSA
or Business Administration graduates.
Radio Corporation of America, RCAs
Victor Division, Indianapolis, Ind., is
looking for Electrical Engineers, who areI
interested in Manufacturing Engineer-t
ing or production supervision.I
Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Com-)
pany, 'Paducah, Ky., are seeking youngj
men with a degree in Mechanical, Elec-
trical, Civil, or Chemical Engineering.
Aluma-Lite Company of Detroit (A
Florida Corporation) is interested in
June graduates to take over protected
sales territories in Michigan, especially
in Wayne County. The company sells
roofing materials new on the market.
National Cash Register Company, To-
ledo, Ohio, desires salesmen for cash
registers and accounting machines with
marketing and accounting background.1
Minimum age requirement is 24.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation,
Washington, is now accepting applica-
tions for the positions of Special Agent
Employees from men who possess a
Bachelor's, Accounting or LLB degree.
June graduates are eligible. Applicants
must be citizens, 25 years old, invper-
fect health and be willing to serve in
any part of the U. S. or Territorial
Palmquist & wright, a Detroit arch-
itectural firm, is currently in need of
an architectural draftsman. June grad-
uates would be considered.
To make application contact the Bur-
eau of Appointments, 3520 Administra-
tion Building, or call Ext. 371.
Mathematics Colloquium. Tues., May
6, 4:10 p.m., 3011 Angell H. Prof. G. S.
Young will speak on "A Jacobian Con-
dition for Interiority."
Zoology Seminar. John Lothar George
will speak on "The Birds of a Southern
Michigan Farm" and Wilbur Brooks
Quay on "The Skin Glands of voles
and Lemmings (Microtinae)," Wed., May
7, 8 p.m., Rackham Amphitheater.
Doctoral Examination for Eunice Eli-
zabeth Herald, Education; thesis: "Re-
lationship Between various Factors and
Types and Requencies of Problems
Brought. to Vocational Homemaking
Teachers in Seventy-Seven Michigan
High Schools," Mon., May 5, 4019 Uni-
versity High School, 4 p.m. Chairman,
R. C. Wenrich.
Doctoral Examination for Wilbur
Brooks Quay, Zoology; thesis: "The
Skin Glands of Voles and Lemmings
(Microtinae)," Tues., May 6, 1:30 p.m.,
2089 Natural Science Bldg., Chairman,
E. T. Hooper.
Sunday, May 4, 8:30. Artist night.
Patrice Munsel; soprano; Pliladelphia
Orchestra; Eugene Ormandy, conduc-
Concerts will begin on time and doors
will be closed during numbers. Tickets
on sale at Hill Auditorium box office.
Student Recital: Marilyn Palm, violin-
ist, will present a program at 8:30 p.m.,
Tues., May 6, in the Architecture Audi-
torium, in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of Bachelor
of Music. A pupil of Emil Raab, Miss
Palm will play compositions by Vivaldi,
Hindemith and Franck. The general
public is invited.
Photography Group meets at Lane
Hall, 7 p.m.
Graduate Outing Club meet at the
rear of the Rackham Building, 2 p.m.
Canoeing and games,
Unitarian Student Group: Will not
meet today. Next meeting May 11, at
which time group will travel to East
Lansing to have a joint meeting with
Michigan State group. Anyone inter-
ested in this pilgrimage please 'con-
tact Dick Phillips, 206 Wenley House.
Congregational-Disciples Guild: 7 p.m.
program at Congregational Church. Bob
Inglis, new associate director will talk
on his experiences during his tour of 90
American colleges and universities this
Wesleyan Guild: 9:30 a.m., morning
seminar in Pine Room. Guild Supper
and program at 5:30 p.m. Prof. Rowe
will speak on "Religious Drama."
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club: Supper program at 5:30 pm.
Sound movie: "venture of Faith."
Lutheran Student Association: 5:30
p.m., supper at Student Center. Program
7 p.m. Speaker: Rev. Henry O. Yoder;
topic-"Courtship and Marriage."
Science Research Club. May meeting
7:30 p.m. Tues, May 6, Rackham Ampi-
theatre. Election of officers and con-
stitutional a m e n d rn e n t. Program:
"Blood Flow Studies on Mammalian
Muscle with Particular Reference to
the Effects of Curare," by Leonard H.
Elwell, Physiology. "Determination of
Age by Radioactivity." by H. R. Crane,
Physics. Members only.
Women's Research Club. Annual din-
ner meeting, Mon., May 5, 6:15 p.m.,
Rooms 101-103, Union. Program: Illus-
trated dance-lecture "Ancient Medicine
Rites and Modern Dance Therapy," by
Gertrude Prokosch Kurath, with Helen
Snyder, flute, and Estelle Titiev, piano.
La P'tite causette meets - Monday
from 3:30 to 5 p.m. in south room
AN EXCITING performance of the open-
ing number and an inspired playing of
the finale was somewhat tarnished by a drab
in between at the May Festival concert yes-.
The orchestra gave an immediate and
dynamic response to conductor Hilsberg's
baton in the first number, "The Overture to
Russlan and Ludmilla" by Glinka. The
clear-cut classical form of this overture was
well projected as was the fanciful vigor and
spirit of the music symbolizing the imagina-
tive Pushkin poem on which the opera is
The Festival Youth Chorus, under the dir-
ection of Marguerite Hood, gave a charming
rendition of a group of familiar art-songs.
Miss Hood showed well her capacity to
manipulate children's voices and attention..
Though many of the songs lacked depth and
richness, the lovely tone quality of the young
chorus was ample recompense. Unfortun-
ately the orchestra made little effort to fol-
low Miss Hood and even less effort to hide
The performance of Schubert's Fifth
Symphony in B-flat Major was uninspired.
The interest in this symphony is depen-
dent to a large degree on the delicacy and
precision with which it is performed. The
orchestra made only 'a few attempts to
rouse itself to the quality of the music.
AN IMPRESSIVE program devoted to the
music of Richard Wagner was presented
last night in Hill auditorium by the Phila-
delphia Orchestra and soloists Astrid Var-
nay and Set Svanholm. The occasion was
impressive in part for its high-level vocal-
ism, in part for its magnificent orchestral-
ism, but primarily for its adherence to Wag-
The program was ideally planned to dis-
play the development ; of Wagner's art,
from the early experimentation of the
"Flying Dutchman" to the full maturity of
"Tristan." The contrasts of the two op-
eratic introductions were masterfully
pointed up by the orchestra. The Over-
ture to the "Dutchman," shows Wagner's
art in a formative stage, in which the
leit-motif has a merest beginning and the
symphonic concept of opera is still to be
realized. The Prelude to "Tristan," on the
other hand, exemplifies the height of Wag-
ner's musical development, in which every
aspect of high romanticism is revealed.
Miss Varnay and Mr. Svanholm were well
chosen for this occasion. Each is particularly
interested in the music of Wagner, and each
meets the dramatic and vocal demands of
this music with competence. Miss Varnay
has the upper hand in point of vocal equip-
ment, Mr. Svanholm in the matter of dra-
From every aspect the program was well
At The State...
FIVE FINGERS, with
James Mason and
IF THE PAST few weeks are any indication,
the movies really are "better than ever."
With a minimum of the usual spy movie
hysterics "Five Fingers" is a clean, sus-
penseful interpretation of the story of the
"biggest spy of them all," ostensibly true.
And, barring a few developments at the
end which smack of a cinematic code of
ethics, the tale is quite believable. .
James Mason, as the spy "Cicero," is a man
whose morals extend no further than his
pocketbook. By cleverly playing Germans
against British and a countess against both
of them he manages to sell enough infor-
mation to wreck the Allied war plans for the
last world war. He is suave and cool in the
most ticklish situations, a beautiful example
for anyone considering espionage as a live-
The Polish countess, Danielle Darrieux,
is a member of the Riviera set who also
seems to be out to get the most for her
money. Michael Rennie, the British coun-
ter-espionage agent, is perhaps a little too
orthodox; the same might be said for the
Edited andl managed by students of'
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Chuck Elliott ........Managing Editor
Bob Keith ..................City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
vern Emerson ..........Feature Editor
Ron Watts .............Associate Editor
Bob Vaughn ...........Associate Editor
Ted Papes ................Sports Editor
George Flint ....Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker .....Associate Sports Editor
Jan James .............Women's Editor
Jo Ketelhut, Associate Women's Editor
Bob Miller .........Business Manager
Gene Kuthy. Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ... .Advertising Manager
Milt Goetz......Circulation Manager