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May 01, 1952 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1952-05-01

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1 RUItSDAY, UAY 1, 1952

U U _______________________________________________________ U

The Lecture Committee's Power

(EDITOR'S NOTLI: This is the first in a series
of editorials on the current infringements on
student rights.)
URING THE past two months a series of
speaker bans and investigations have
set a precedent dangerous to the future well-
being of this University. Both the bans and
the investigations could be aptly labeled an
amateur witch-hbnt, amateur insofar as
the methods used were blatantly illegal and
the procedures tinged with melodramatic
secrecy and sloppiness.
Because of the secrecy many of the
facts behind the University actions' are
still not "officially" available. Pertinent
questions such as: why has the Lecture
Committee asked for an investigation of
the Young Progressives; why has the Lee-
ture Committee refused to consider allow-
ing William Hood to speak on campus;
why has the Union suddenly been regarded
as University property; why has a vague,
inspecific Regent's rule suddenly been in-
terpreted as a stringent all-inclusive law;
and why have 16 students, been charged
with its violation?-all go unanswered ex-
cept in circuitous innuendos.
Because the administrative groups have
chosen to act in secret and to hinder honest
attempts to clarify the situation, the atmos-
phere is thick wtih suspicion and doubt.
The University has been accused of violat-
ing the rights of many of its students The
available facts bear the accusation out.
To find a beginning to all the cloak and
dagger theatrics, it is necessary to return
to the recent House Un-American Acti-
vities Committee hearings in Detroit. The
publicity that the University received in
the state press became steadily worse as
five former students were accused of be-
ing Communists and three were wit-
nesses before the Committee. The climax
came when it was testified that three
Communist cells existed in Ann Arbor.
Newspaper headlines read "Colleges In-
When this is added to the rather popular
belief that colleges are hotbeds of radicals
and reds, the attitude of publicity-conscious
administrators can be determined. This is
the University that has been banning Com-
munists since 1935, that banned a student
group even before the Justice Department
considered it subversive, and that refused
to re-admit 13 students on the unqualified
charge that they were embarassing the Uni-
versity and were a "disturbing influence."
T WAS THEREFORE small surprise that
the Lecture Committee banned Arthur
McPhaul and Abner Greene from speaking
on campus. Both men are officials of groups
on the Attorney General's subversive list.
Both are accused of being Communists. This
latter charge carries deep meaning to the
Lecture Committee which regards violent
overthrow of the government a fundamental
concept held by all Communists despite an
individual's record or writings to the con-
In fairness to the professors on the
Committee it must be noted that they are
carrying out what they consider the desire
of the Regents who are their employers.
Their beliefs are not necessarily in sym-
pathy with their actions. Because this is
a state university dependent on the state
legislature for a third of its financial re-
sources It is expedient that the Cbmmit-
tee constantly evaluate how much the
general public can take. Both the hear-
ings in Detroit and the budget request
before the Legislature were important
factors in the double banning of McPhaul
and Greene. University-wise neither of
these men have been banned. They have
only been "temporarily" prevented from
speaking until "sufficient evidence" is
presented that their speeches will not be
subversive. No definition of sufficint evi-
dence was given.
The answers to the Committee's stand are
numerous. The most important is that men

are innocent until they are proven guilty
and not guilty until proven innocent. No
one can tell in advance that a man will give
a subversive speech. It can come from the
mouth of lambs or even from a Senator
Taft. Finally, there is both a state and fed-
eral statute that makes it a criminal offense
to give a subversive speech.
Seemingly encouraged by the success of
its ban, the Lecture Committee went even
further when it arbitrarily suspended the
privilege of the Young Progressives to
have speakers, and asked that they be
investigated to see if they are a "res-
ponsible group." It is reasonable to expect
that the actions of student organizations
be open to review. It is also reasonable
that requests for such an inspection be
allowed. However, there should be reasons
given for such a request, and to date, the
Lecture Committee has failed to do so.
Moreover the Committee is waiting until
the YP's are investigated and cleared of sus-
picion before ruling on the request to hear
William Hood. The Committee has been In-
formed by the Dean of Students, who origi-
nally upheld the Committee's action, that
the YP's are a recognized student group and
should be regarded as such. The Committee,
however, has ignored this. They claim that
since Hood lives in Detroit, he can come
here anytime without inconvenience. What
they apparently disregard is that the perti-
nence of his speech is rapidly disappearing
as the feud between Walter Reuther and Lo-
cal 600 wears off.,What they are regarding is
that Hood is the secretary of Local 600, and
that it is accused of being the center of
Communism in the UAW-CIO. It is because
Hood is suspected of being a Communist
and because other speakers requested by the
YP's fall into the same category, that the
Lecture Committee is asking for the investi-
gation. It has no other reason that could
apply to the YP's that could not be tacked
onto the Young Democrats or even the Lea-
ANOTHER INCIDENT that reveals the
petrified attitude of the Committee de-
veloped when Senator Taft was rightly al-
lowed to speak in Hill Auditorium. A member
of the Committee stated that candidates of
all recognized political parties would be al-
lowed to appear on campus. However, when
informed that the Progressive candidate
was presently serving a six month jail term
for contempt of court while defending the
12 top Communists, the Committee member
doubted that he would be allowed to speak.
The extent to which the Lecture Com-
mittee is becoming the campus watchdog
over "Communism" both by its own choos-
ing and by the power being gradually vest-
ed in it, was re-demonstrated several
weeks ago. Professor Dirk Struik of MIT,
who is accused of advocating the violent
overthrow of the government, visited an
informal faculty group. When the faculty
members Inquired whether they could use
University property they were told to clear
it with the Lecture Committee. Never be-
fore have faculty members been required
to submit their guests to a screening. The
group refused to do so and met off campus.
It is unfortunate that the off-campus
movement Is the only recourse left to stu-
dents. For a price they can secure most any
hall in town, and one or two free of charge.
Any time, however, that students must leave
the University to hear diffring points of
view, there is sickness in the academic halls.
And when the Lecture Committee goes fur-
ther and adopts devious, illegal means to
deny even a Regent sanctioned right, then
the dangers inherent in any system of
thought control become more apparent. As
it proceeds uncheked the Lecture Commit-
tee presents a dangerous threat not just to
the freedom of speech but to the freedom of
living in a democratic society ruled by laws
and not by superstition.
-Leonard Greenbaum
(Tomorrow-The McPhaul Investigations)

W ASHINGTON - It was supposed to be
"confidential and unified," but a pros-
pective delegate recently hit Senator Ke-
fauver of Tennessee for "expense money" in
return for his support at the Democratic
The would - be delegate is Warner
Bloomberg of Gary, Ind., who hinted sig-
nificantly that expenses at the 1948 con-
vention ran around $1,000 per delegate.
.But he solicited the wrong candidate in
crime-busting Senator Kefauver, who may
end up investigating instead of paying
Bloomberg made his shocking request for
money in a confidential letter, dated March
29, to Kefauver's campaign headquarters.
"I would prefer that this letter be kept
confidential and unfiled," Bloomberg wrote
cautiously. "I have been approached by
some friends of mine who have long been
active in the Indiana Democratic Party ...
They indicated to me that they would be
happy to bring about my selection as one of
Indiana's delegates to the national conven-
tion. Of course, there is always that slip
between cup and lip in politics of this sort-
but the offer presents a good possibility. I
have tentatively accepted."
"Because of the expense involved-it was
estimated at $1,000 per delegate in 198-
it is often difficult to get anyone to take the
job in such 'poor' districts as the second,
where I live . . . while I can take care of
any personal expenses in Chicago and I am
willing to sacrifice a week's loss in pay, I
understand that there are fees or contri-
butions or some such running into several
hundred dollars which would be a very heavy
burden for me. I probably could solioit some
funds from friends. Can national head-
quarters make up the rest, presuming I am
Queried by this column, Bloomberg ex-
plained that he needed the money to pay
a $200 registration fee. The Democratic
National Committee denied, however, that
convention delegates are charged any fees
or contributions.
Bloomberg admitted to this column that
he lived only 37 miles from Chicago, that he
could room with friends during the conven-
,tion and that he expected financial help
from his labor union or the local Democratic
organization. So Senator Kefauver would like
to know what is at the bottom of this strange
request for a financial touch "running into
several hundred dollars."
Bloomberg confessed to this column that
his letter had been a "political error," but
denied that he had any "ulterior motives."
"I am just a poltical amateur," he plead-
ed. "I didn't ask Senator Kefauver for any
money. I asked Jack O'Brien (Kefauver's
campaign manager) if he could help me
out. After all, he isn't entirely poverty-
Kefauver, however, indicated that he is
not interested in subsidizing delegates,
though he would like to catch someone try-
ing it.
(Copyright, 1952, by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
THE CONTINUATION of the recently
created Stevenson-for -President Club,
despite Governor Stevenson's statement that
he does not want to campaign for the Pres-
idency, demonstrates that the club's mem-
bers believe the Democratic party, because
it does not have a qualified candidate, must
draft a man who is unwilling to run.
Stevenson would have made an excellent
choice if he had left himself in the pres-
idential race. But, it must be remembered,
if the Governor wanted to leave the
slightest doubts as to what his future
plans were, he merely had to refrain from
affirming that he "could not accept the
Actually, the Democratic party has many
competent, liberal candidates besides Stev-

enson. To name a few, there are Kefauver,
Harriman, Russell, Kerr, Barkley, Humph-
rey, Rayburn, MacMahon, Williams, and
Unable to reconcile themselves to political
realities, the Stevenson-for-President Club
will probably continue to meet and plan for
the future. The only loss, luckily, is a waste
of their time and effort, which could other-
wise be used to campaign for a candidate
who has a chance for the nomination.
Bernie Backhaut
COMES SPRING and we find ourselves
full of lazy reflections about everything
and nothing.
"What?" we ask as we gambol across
the verdent mead, "makes the dandy-
lions, timothy grasses, cherry blossoms,
always quietly sprout out at this time?"
"Why do the katydids keep warming up
to the same summer song, year after year?"
"Why does the river seem in such a hurry
to get to the sea?"
"Where did the clouds go?"
We gambol further spying humans.
"Why?" we ask again, "do they lie be-
neath the blistering sun so their skins will
bake to a brown hue, at the same time re-
jecting their brown-skinned brothers?"
"Why do they spend days sitting in old
rowboats, disgustedly throwing back three
inch catfish, but always hopefully throw-
ing the line back too?" "Why do they
give away nins thev have treasured

Double Whammy
jfr p~l-







(Continued from page 2)
General Tire & Rubber Company,
Akron, Ohio desires to hear from young
men who might qualify as a traveling
auditor for this company. This company
is also interested in young men who
would like to become Assistant Office
Managers.aCredit Managers, or Sales
Service Managers.
Arthur Fulmer, Memphis. Tenn.,
would like to consider young men who
are interested in merchandising and to
learn its business and progress into
saleswork. The company is a leader in
-the manufacture of automobile seat
Pet Milk Company, Bryan, Ohio, needs
mechanical and electrical engineers.
Purdue University's Comptroller's Of-
fice (Lafayette, Ind.) is seeking two
young men who are training for or are
interested in college and university bus-
iness administration. Both positions re-
quire an accounting background.
Onaconda Wire & Cable Company,
Hastings-on-Hudson, N.Y., would be in-
terested in receiving applications for
their Industrial Plant Management
Managers, Credit Managers, or Sales
Training Program in the field of Me-
chanical Engineering, Industrial Engi-
neering or Industrial Management.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation
of Washington is now accepting appli-
cations for the positions of Special
Agent Employees from men who possess
a Bachelor's, Accounting or LLB degree.
June graduates are eligible. Applicants
must beacitizens, 25 years old, in perfect
health, and be willing to serve In any
part of the U.S. or Territorial posses-
For further details, appointments and
application blanks, see the Bureau of
Appointments, 3528 Administration
Building, or call extension 371.
University Lecture, auspices of the De-
partment of Botany. "The Vegetation of
Australia." H. B. S. Womersley, Uni-
versity of Adelaide, South Australia.
Friday, May 2, 4 p.m., Rackham Amphi-
Academic Notices
qualifying Examination for Graduate
Students in Botany. May 1, 7 p.m.,
2033 N.S.
Aero Seminar: Dr. John R. Sellrs
will discuss "Use of Asymptotic Serses
in Physical Problems," Thurs., May 1,
4 p.m., 1504 E. Engineering Bldg. In-
terested students, teaching, and re-
search staff welcome.
Astronomical Colloquium: Fri., May 2,
4:15 p.m., the Observatory. Dr. Freeman
D. Miller will speak on "Current Views
on Stellar Evolution from the USSR."
The school of Education Testing Pro-
gram will be given on May 6 in Room
131, Business Administration Building.
The afternoon session will begin at 4:15
p.m. The evening session will begin at
7 p.m. All students who are working
toward a teacher's certicate and who
missed the March 25th administration
are required to attend.
Doctoral Examination for Thomas
James Cobbe, Botany; thesis: "Secon-
dary Forest Successions of Clermont,
Brown, and Adams Counties in South-
western Ohio," Thurs., May 1.IWest
Council Roon, Rackham Bldg., 9 a.m.
Chairman, H. H. Bartlett.
Doctoral Examination for Lua Stew-
art Bartley, Education; thesis: "An Ex-
perimental Study to Determine the Ef-
fectiveness of Two Different Methods of
Teaching Tennis," Thurs., May 1, West
Council Room, Rackham Bldg., 2:30 p.m.
Chairman, M. E. Rugen.
Doctoral Examination for Walter S.
Hom und, Education; thesis: "Design
and Evaluation of an In-Service Train-
ing Program for Teachers in Child
Growth and Development," Fri., May 2,
4019 University High School, 2 p.m.
Chairman, H. C. Koch.
Doctoral Examination for Lu-Shien
Hu, Civil Engineering; thesis: "The In-
stability of Top Chords of Pony Truss-
es," Fri., May 2. 315 W. Engineering
Bldg., 4 p.m. Chairman, L. C. Maugh
Bacteriology Seminar: Fri., May 2, 11
a.m., 1520 E. Medical Bldg. Speaker: Dr.
Ruth Lofgren. Subject: Principles and
Techniques in Microscopy and Photo-
Seminar in Applied Mathematics:
Thurs., May 1, 4 p.m., 247 W. Engineer-
ing. Mr. Paul Gray continues his talk
on "A new approach to birac delta func-
tions; theory of distributions."
Psvhal- olnonu,,,,,.. M , 2.

prano; Set Svanholm, tenor; Philip
Duey, baritone; George London, bass;
The Philadelphia Orchestra; University
Choral Union; Thor Johnson, conduc-
Saturday, May 3, 2:30. Nathan Mi-
stein, violinist; The Youh Chorus;
Philadelphia Orchestra; Alexander Hils-
berg and Marguerite Hood, conductor.
saturday, May 3, 8:30. Wagner pro-
gram. Astrid Varnay, soprano; Set
Svanholm, tenor; The Philadelphia Or-
chestra; Eugene Ormandy, conductor.
Sunday, May 4, 2:30. Walton's "Bel-
shazzar's Feast;" Mack Harrell, bari-
tone; Jorge Bolet, pianist; Philadelphia
Orchestra; University Choral Union;
Thor Johnson, conductor.
Sunday, May 4, 8:30. Artist night.
Patrice Munsel, soprano; Philadelphia
Orchestra; Eugene Ormandy, conduc-
Concerts will begin on time and doors
will be closed during numbers. Tickets
on sale at Burton Tower until Thurs-
day morning, at which time all tickets
will be transferred to the Hill Audi-
torium box office.
Student Recital: Mary Jo Jones, So-
prano, will present a. recital at 4:15
Thursday afternoon, May 1, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater, in partial fu-
filment of the requirements for the
degree of Bachelor of Music. A pupil of
Arthur Hackett, Miss Jones will sing
works by Brahms, Leroux, Chausson,
Liszt, Del-Acqua, Charpentier, and Mary
Turner Salter. The program will be op-
en to the public.
Student Recital: Alexandra Moncrieff,
pianist will play compositions by Han-
del, Schubert, Beethoven, Liszt, and
Bartok, at 4:15 Friday afternoon, May 2,
in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater, in par-
tial fulfillment of Music degree. Miss
Monterieff is a pupil of Ava Comin
Case, and her recital will be open to the
Events Today
Canterbury Club: Married Students
Group meets at 7:30 p.m.
Literary College Conference Steering
Committee.1101 Angell Hall, 4 p.m.
Electrical Engineering Research Discus-
sion Group. Mr. Edwin E. Henry of the
Kellogg Foundation Institute will speak
on "The Thermistor as a Device for the
Measurement of the Velocity of Flow in
Water," 4 p.m., 2084 E. Engineering Bldg.
S t u d en t Advisors: Organizational
meeting of the student advisors in 1209
Angell Hall, 3 p.m. All must try to be
International Center Weekly Tea for
foreign students and American friends,
4:30-6 p.m.
Modern Poetry Club: Meeting, 7:30
p.m., Ann Arbor Room, League. Poems
to be discussed are Peter Viereck's:
"Better Come Quietly," "Blindman's
Buff'," "Which of Us Two?" "Of Course
Not," and "Some Lines in Three Paris."
Copies of these poems will be available
in the English office in Angell Hall on
Wednesday. Mr. Hill, of the English de-
partment, will participate in the discus-
sion. Members are urged to attend, and
the meeting is open to the public.
U. of M. Sailing Club: Meeting, 7:30
p.m., 311 W. Engineering. Shore school
on the finer points of sailing. Satur-
day- team race with Notre Dame for
Whaletail Pail and commissioning party
at Whitmore; Sunday-eliminations for
districts and informal sailing.
Deutsche Kaffeestunde: German Cof-
fee Hour, 3 to 4:30 p.m., Round-Up-
Room, League.
International Relations Club. Open
meeting, 7:30 p.m.. Union. Panel dis-
cussion: "The future of colonial Africa."
Everyone welcome.
Spanish Club. 7:30 p.m., League. Job
Opportunities in the Field of Spanish.
Singing and dancing to follow program.
La p'tite causette meets from 3:30 to
5 p.m. in the south room of the Union
Chess Club. Meeting, 8 p.m., Rm. 3D.
Union. John O'Keefe will play 30 boards
simultaneously. All chess players in-
Michigan Chapter of the NAACP (Na-
tional Association for the Advancement
of Colored People). Election of new of-
firers 7:30 p.m., League. All members
are urged to be present. All other inter-
ested persons are invited.
Coming Events
Canterbury Club. Holy Communion
and breakiast, 7 a.m., Fri.

MacArthur Considered
'Dangerous, Enigmatic'
OF ALL THE POTENTIAL Republican candidates for the presi-
dency, General Douglas MacArthur is the most dangerous, the
most controversial and the most strangely-motivated.
Always an enigmatic figure, MacArthur has managed in his
50-year military career to make more enemies and more loyal
friends than any other public figure. He is either deified or
despised by his associates, soldiers and the general public; no one
takes an indifferent view toward him.
One cannot discount his brilliant record over the last five decades,
for he has established a well-earned reputation for hard work and
competence. His record in the Phillipines from 1937 on, his Pacific
campaigns and his administration of Japan are commendable. Mac-
Arthur succeeded in instituting land reforms in feudalistic Japan
and gave the country a fair, honest administration.
However, his handling of the Asia policy, which resulted in his
removal, highlights the dangers implicit in a MacArthur candidacy,
and reveals his major flaw as a presidential aspirant. In the Asia
situation, the .General overstepped his authority and placed our whole
position in danger.
After the exhibition he gave in Korea, MacArthur should be
disqualified as a candidate. He is not responsible enough to be
trusted with execution of a world-wide foreign policy because he is
'too biased in favor of Asiatic defense.
It is difficult to trust European or domestic responsibility to some-
one who has spent the last 15 years in Asia and is not orientated
on the sufficiency of our European defenses or the need for their
strengthening and continuance.
* * * *
GENERAL MAC ARTHUR is also the type who comes to mind when
we picture the "autocratic militarist." To MacArthur, there can
be no division of opinion among his associates. Unfortunately, his atti-
tude leads more to a stifling of new ideas than to absolute staff
His extreme flair for the dramatic has been over-publicized,
and his use of the Deity in public speeches, his odd costuming
and his seeming aloofness have been a bad combination for a
political or military figure. It is significant that disfavorable
reports from soldiers serving in the Pacific Theatre were reasons
why the 1944 MacArthur for President boom was so quickly de-
Many people distrust MacArthur and are not reassured by his
mannerisms, his irrationality or his childishness. Speeches such as
his talk to the Filipinos when he stepped ashore on Leyte inspire
this distrust. It has been maintained that the famous charge to "Let
no heart be faint. Let every arm be steeled. The guidance of Divine
God points to the way. Follow in his name to the Holy Grail of
righteous victory" was never meant for statewide consumption. How-
ever, the remarks did the General no good back home and gave rise
to such ditties as the Marine poem which ended:
"And while possibly a rumor now,
Someday it will be fact
That the Lord will hear a deep voice say,
Move over God, it's Mac.
Potentially a deadlock candidate, MacArthur has little backing
at the present time. He is without strong delegate support and has
very few influential backers. It is entirely feasible, however, that he
would be a deadlock candidate in a Taft-Eisenhower clash, for Sena-
tor Taft's supporters would prefer MacArthur to Eisenhower.
His chances of gaining the Presidential office on the Republl.
can ticket are poor, though not impossible. If a strong Democrat
would run against him and plan a good campaign, he could prob-
ably whip Mac with no trouble. One cannot, however, discount
the General's commanding presence and ability to inspire fanatical
There is still substantial sentiment that MacArthur must be
stopped. The feeling is found as much within the Republican Party
as among Democrats. Many Republicans agree with a comment made
by MacArthur's divorced first wife. When queried in 1948 about his
chances for the nomination, she replied "If he's a dark horse, he's
in the last roundup."
We can only hope she was right.
-Harry Lunn
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
Igeneral interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the





-I' .



Trend in Alabama Indicates State
Will Favor Kefauver over Russell

AUBURN, ALA.-Alabama, the first state
to answer the rolleall at a National Con-
vention, is breaking away from the supposed
solid-south support of Senator Russell of
Georgia in favor of Senator Kefauver of
Concrete evidence to support the opti-
mistic claims of the Kefauver state cam-
paign manager, W. D. Partlow Jr., of
Tuscaloosa, broke on the eve of a personal
drive by the rival senators for victory in
the Florida presidential primary May 6.
It had been assumed that Florida, the
only state where the two are directly match-
ed, would afford the solid clue to their rela-
tive popularity in their native South. But,
az so often happens, Washington and the
professional politicians were taking too
much for granted.
Partlow told this column that more than
half the Alabama delegation would be pledg-
ed to Senator Kefauver when it went to the
convention in Chicago. The Montgomery
Advertiser backed him up with its own
check of the delegation.
In a story beginning with the admission
that "Senator Kefauver is out-pacing Sen-
ator Russell here in Alabama," the Adver-

to Russell, leaving seven whose stand is in
The Kefauver support is anchored as
usual to the younger generation. It in-
cludes, his backers say, women, church
people, independent voters, veterans and
labor. It has been shown in other states
that the Tennesseean strongly appeals to
such groups.
Hall explained that northern Alabama had
always felt a great kinship for its neighbor,
Tennessee, and had in fact once wanted to
be part of that state. The region has shown
marked political independence in the past,
he said.
It should not really be too surprising to
Washington that Alabama should break
away from the conservative ranks which are
closing around Senator Russell. Both Ala-
bama senators-Lister Hill and John Spark-
are articulate and able Southern liberals,
siding with the Administration for the most
part except on civil rights.
Both indeed helped to lead the successful
Supreme Court fight to confine the Ala-
bama delegate slate to loyalists who will
vote for the regular party nominee. This

!Strike Solution
Dear Sir:
THE PRESENT steel situation
suggests restatement of an
earlier proposal to deal with
strikes in essential industries. This
proposal is based on these four
premises: (1) Major production
stoppages in essential industries,
especially in emergency periods,
are not tolerable; (2) The right to
strike must be protected; without
it, the balance of power in collec-
tive bargaining is destroyed; (3)
The democratic method of settling
industrial disputes is through col-
lective bargaining, not compulsory
arbitration; (4) Government seiz-
ure is no way out and thoroughly
unsatisfactory to both labor and
These conditions can be satis-
fied by the follow solution: Given
a strike threat in an essential in-
dustry, first Congress declare a sit-
uation in which there can be no
work stoppage strike but either
party to the dispute may call a
Statutory Strike. Under condtions
of Statutory Strike, production
continues but the two bargaining
parties are placed in the same po-
sition in which they would find
themselves if there was a work
stoppage. For industry this means
imposition of a fine (equal to 100
percent of profits from current
sales plus fixed costs) so as to
cause losses equal to those suf-
fered in case of work stoppage. For
labor this means continued work
at a substantially reduced wage;
but to compensate for loss of free
time, this would be somewhat
above the relief paid in . case of
work stoppage.

tive is there that will meet our
four conditions?
-Richard A. Musgrave
- * *
Man or Mouse...
To The Editor:
For years I have tried to teach
students that ability to solve prob-
lems is a source of some satisfac-
tion. Yet you tell me that the
members of a visiting Institute
were informed that "ability to
meet and solve problems is among
the causes of frustration." That
may be true for a rat; I wouldn't
know. It is not true for a man.
The ladies come here for two
days. We welcome them and try
to entertain them, but why do we
call the result Adult Education?
Norman Anning
Sixty-Second Year
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