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April 30, 1952 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1952-04-30

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RELIGION AND
EDUCATION
See Page 4

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FAIR.,WARMER

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LXII, No. 145

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 30, 1952

SIX- PAGES

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* * *

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Eisenhower
Leading Taft
n Primary
Kefauver Paces
Democrat Field
BOSTON-(P)-General Dwight
D. Eisenhower piled up a runaway
majority of the popular vote in the
Massachusetts presidential prim-
ary yesterday.
With one-third of the vote tabu-
lated, Eisenhower had 48,621 votes
in the write-in section of both the
Republican and Democratic bal-
lots.
All the other candidates counted
had only 34,369 tallies.
EISENHOWER'S VOTE on the
Republican ballot alone-42,583-
topped all the other candidates on
both ballots by more than 8,000.
At the one-third point Taft
ad 18,587 Republican write-ins,
nd 2,466 on the Democratic
ellot.
At midnight, two Eisenhower
convention delegates had been
elected in one district contest and
were leading in 10 others.
...TABULATIONS in the remain-
ing three of the state's 14 districts
were unreported at that hour.
The returns also showed a
strong tide for Eisenhower
among the Democratic voters,
although Sen. Estes Kefauver of
Tennessee was out in front.
The preference write-in, how-
ever, is not binding on delegates
to the party conventions.,
THE REAL STAKE is the Mas-
sachusetts GOP district delegation
of 28 convention votes. Eisenhower
and Taft slates are opposing each
other in all 14 Congressional dis-
tricts. Ten delegates running at
large are unopposed. They include.
two Taft supporters and two Eis-
enhower backers.
Republican returns from 403
Precincts of 1,739 in the state
ave Eisenhower 24,985; Gen.
Douglas MacArthur 294; Harold
E. Stassen 124; Taft 11,043; and
Gov. Earl Warren of California
241.
t In the Democratic balloting, 385
precincts gave Gov.. Paul A. Dever
of Massachusetts 560; Kefauver
5,305; Sen. Richard B. Russell of
Georgia 133; Gov. Adlai Steven-
,, son of Illinois 323; President Tru-
man. 1,799; Eisenhower 4,003 and
Taft 1,519.
The surprise in the early returns
was the strength Eisenhower
showed in the Democratic poll-
particularly in Boston..
With 23 per cent of the Demo-
cratic vote counted, the two lead-
ing Republican contenders won a
combined vote greater than that
rolled up in the preference poll
by the Democratic front-runner,
Kefauver.
Unusually heavy primary voting
was reported from all parts of the
state, indicating that final tabu-
lations would be late. The polls
closed oat 7 p.m. r
Wherf the tabulation reached
306 precihcts, Eisenhower had
polled 69 ter cent of the popular
Svote, Taft 1+29 per cent.
Meanwhilp, Taft and one of his
Ohio campaign managers, Paul
Walter, predicted that the Ohio
Senator will have enough dele-
gates lined up to be a shoo-in on
the first ballot at the Republican
national convention in Chicago.
With Taft nodding assent, Wal-
ter claimed that by June 3-more

than a month before the big con-
vention-Taft will have 650
pledged delegates. Nomination re-
quires 604.

Four More
Guards Quit
Prison Posts
Fox Says He'll
FightSuspension
JACKSON - W)-- Four more
prison guards resigned yesterday
and Dr. Vernon Fox said he would
fight for his job at the State Pris-
on of Southern Michigan.
The new resignations and Dr.
Fox's rebuff to criticism marked
the fifth day of the restoration
period at the big prison following
last week's disastrous riot.
SIX GUARDS now have resign-
ed as a result of the riot. One con-
vict was killed and about a score
of inmates and guards injured.
The prison employs 475 guards.
Dr. Fox, prison psychologist
and assistant deputy warden,
was relieved of 'duties for his
congratulatory speech to prison
mutineers as the latter prepared
to surrender.
The assistant warden was a
friend of many of the convicts. He
was a leading peacemaker in the
four days of rioting.
* **
AT HIS Jackson home, Dr. Fox,

Factories Close
As Union Strikes
Government Officials Plan Appeal;
'Inherent Powers' May Be Tested
WASHINGTON--(A)-A federal judge held the seizure of the
strike-threatened steel industry illegal yesterday in a ruling that
instantly set off a nation-wide strike of CIO steelworkers.
In an opinion studded with biting passag'es, District Judge David
A. Pine said President Truman acted "without authority in law" or
the Constitution when he took over the industry to avert a walkout.
Ruling that the mills must go back to their owners, the Judge de-
clared the Taft-Hartley law is the legal tool at hand for heading
off a strike.
* * * *
IF HIS RULING stands, it strikes down the whole theory that
hPresident has "inherent" emergency powers not specifically stated
in the Constitution. It also stopsr" * *
a pay raise the government was e
about ready to order over man-
agement's head.
Thn Tlrlr f nntinnn F fi '

* * *
AMOROUS Ann Arbor reads
Generation.
Today is the day that all things
lovely come to light in print. To-
day is the day Generation comes
out.
The spring-summer issue is il-
luminated with four short stories
by Lucy Rosenthal, Alton Becker,
Al Shumsky and Allan Hanna,

S* * * e
poetry by Kathleen Musser, Saul
Gottlieb, Allan Hanna and Josh
Kessler and graced with the art-
work of John Goodyear, Jamie
Ross, Carolyn Pickle, Hal McIn-
tosh, and Judith Pick.
Varied subjects are featured.
The reader spends a photographic
day in Ann Arbor, travels poeti-
cally across the Pacific and remin-

-Daily-Don Campbell
* * *
isces about childhood in the Phil-
ippines.
He experiences the feelings, of a
killer and an Indian. He is excit-
ed in one story and psychological-
ly frustrated in the next. He sees'
holy nuns at choir and relives the
March 21 student riot.
And all for 35 cents.

JUDGE DAVID A. PINE
.. . "Unconstitutional"
StelStrike
Chronology
1 z
Reviewed
PITTSBURGH--(P-The great
steel strike which the CIO United
Steelworkers clamped on the na-
tion last night has a pre-walkout
history dating back to mid-No-
vember of 1951 when the Union
listed 22 demands.
Here's a step-by-step history of

World News
*Roundup
By The Associated Press
RIO DE JANEIRO - A double
decked. luxury stratocruiser with
50 persons aboard vanished yes-
terday while flying over the jun-
gles of northern Brazil on the way
from Buenos Aires to New York.
Pan American World Airways,
operators of the $1.125,000 plane,
said it was probably down in the
wilderness. The luxury liner was
on non-stop flight scheduled for
the 2,600 miles from Rio de Ja-f
neiro to Trinidad when its last

McPhaul Dinner Inquiry'
Assailed by YP Members

made clear he would not accept the events leading up to the walk-
removal, out:
Dec. 17 - USW Wage-Policy
"I could get a nice, easy job committee voted to strike Jan. 1
teaching," he said, "but I intend wheni the old contract expired.
to fight this out."

By VIRGINIA VOSS
Four Young Progressives In-
volved in th, :McPhaul diner in-
vestigations testified last night be-
fore a crowded YP meeting that
the University "tried to find a rule
McPhaiil Case
Still Undecided

radio call was heard by a station The McPhaul dinner case edg-
at Barreiras, Bahia State. No TeM~aldne aeeg
trouble was' reported at that time. ed toward a final decision today
,as the University Sub-Committee

* * *
MUNSAN, Korea-Allied truce
delegates today stood by for the
second straight day, awaiting
Communist reaction to a new
and secret proposal for com-
pleting an armistice in Korea.
* * *
LANSING-Four Republican-
sponsored tax measures which
GOP leaders estimated will bring
between $17,000,000 and $18,-
000,000 in revenues were signed
yesterday by Gov. Williams who
held that the new laws would.
only account for about $13,-
500,000,
* * *
TOKYO-Japan's new indepen-
dence brought rumblings yester-
day of a political movement led
by three top ministers in Hideki
Tojo's wartime cabinet. The trio,
who yesterday formed a "Japan
Reconstruction League" as a na-
tional "cultural society, was in-
volved in war crimes trials after
the Japanese surrender.
MEET WITH WALTER:

on Discipline tentatively planned
to consider the affair at a 2:30
p.m. meeting.
There was no indication that
the decision would be forthcoming
today however. The Sub-Commit-
tee's function is to approve recom-
mendations from the nine-student
Joint Judiciary Council. and the
latest word is that Judiciary still
has several points to decide.
Even if the Judiciary gets its
.recommendations drawn up in
final form by this afternoon, it is
doubtful that the three Sub-Com-
mittee members c o u ld wade
through the hundreds of pages
of testimony in one day.
And there was an outside
chance that the Sub-Committee
wouldn't be able to meet today
anyway, since one of the three
members, Professor Axel Marin of
the engineering school, is out of
town and may not get back.
A second member, Prof. Arthur
Van Duren of the German depart-
ment, is ill

violation" in the action of studentsj
attending the dinner.
The students presented their
charges of violation of academic
freedom to more than 75 members
and observers attending the meet-
ing. The hearing marked the first
time the McPhaul issue has been
given public consideration.
* * * .
AN INVITATION to- President
Hatcher or his representative to
present the administration's stand
on the McPhaul issue at the meet-
ing was unanswered, according to
officers. No administration repre-
sentatives were present last night.
The first to testify, former YP
President Gordon MacDougall,
charged the University with us-
ing "guilt by association" tactics
in the Joint Judiciary proceed-
ings. He objected to the unoffi-
cial representation of adminis-
tration officials in the Judiciary
hearings.
MacDougall also said he was
"shocked at the preponderance of
administrators" and the "apathy
of students" on the special ptu-
dent-faculty subcommittee.
DAVID LUCE, Grad., recently
implicated in the investigation,
gave three reasons for his belief
that the University had no legal'
grounds for charging violatiop of
the Regents by-law:
1. No rule was violated by
holding the McPhaul dinner at
the Union.
2. No rule was violated by thosej
who attended the dinner.
3. Arthur McPhaul was never
permanently banned from talking
to campus.
Speaking as the third witness,
Ed Shafer charged the administra-
tion with violation of civil liberties.
The last witness, Myron Sharpe,
drew a connection between protest
over McPhaul's topic of genocide
and the national "pattern of war
hysteria."

Dr. Fox, 36, presumably was re-
ferring to a college teaching job.!
He received his doctor's degree
from the University.
Dr. Fox'exact capacity since
he was relieved of duties has not
been made clear. Officials said he
was being transferred to duties
outside the prison.
Two of the latest resignations
came from guards who had been
held hostages in notorious disci-
plinary cell block No. 15 of the
170-odd prison mutinees.
Meanwhile, Rep. Robert M.
Montgomery of the State Legis-
lature has filed a bill calling for'
the death penalty by electrocution
for any prison inmate who com-
mitted murder. He first announc-
ed that he would introduce the bill
during the prison riots last week.
ACE Athletic
Plan Endorsed
CHICAGO--(A')- Heads of the
Big Ten and Pacific Coast con-
ferences in a statement yesterday
endorsed in general the American
Council on Education's recommen-
dations on athletic policies.
The statement reserved judg-
ment on some phases of the pro-
gram. It also indicated a desire
by the two conferences for more
athletic competition between the
two groups.
Presidents or representatives of
the ten schools of the Intercolle-
giate Conference (Big Ten) and
the nine universities of the Pacific
Coast Conference met in Chicago
Monday to consider the recom-
mendations. The ACE proposed a
ban on spring football and bowl
games, and made other recommen-
dations to tighten athletic prac-
tices.

Dec. 22 -- President Truman
turned dispute over to the Wage
Stabilization Board for a recom-
mended settlement.
Dec. 27-Union agreed to stay
at work past Jan. 1 and submit
future course of action to special
USW convention.
Mar. 20-WSB recommended
these pay raises: 12, cents dat-
ed back to Jan. 1, with 2% cent
raises next July and next Jan. 1.
WSB recommended a union
shop.
Mar. 21-USW accepted the
recommendations and postponedE
strike deadline to April 9.
Mar. 22-Steel companies, which
contended they couldn't meet WSB
unless government permitted price
increases of $12 a ton, agreed to
talk WSB recommendations over
with Union. The negotiations were
fruitless.
Mar. 30-Chief Defense Mobi-
lizer Charles Wilson resigned in
midst of controversy within gov-
ernment as to whether steel
firms should be allowed price
boosts.
April -8--A few hours before'
start of strike President Truman
seized the .steel industry and the
Union called off its strike.
April 9-Leading steel compa-
nies went to Federal Court with a
plea for an injunction which would
rule out government seizure as
illegal. M.e
In the morning,
In the night,
Sons of Thespis
Show their might;
The die is cast,
The curtains fall,
The chosen few
Will hear their call-
The Mimes have spoken!

T n Jiudges reference to the
Taft-Hartley law got a quick echo
in Congress where several mem-
bers called for immediate action
to get an 80-day anti-strike in-
junction under that act.
The available comment in
Congress was nearly all favor-
able to Judge Pine's ruling.
The steelworkers' walkout quick-
ly involved most of the 650,000
unionists.
Workers poured out of the na-
tion's steel mills in swift obed-
ience to cease work orders from
President Philip Murray of the
CIO United Steelworkers.
MURRAY SAID in Cleveland
that the men had 'no alternative
but to cease work immediately"
and declared that the men will
stay out until they win a contract
on the pattern cut out by the
Wage Stabilization Board. T[he
WSB recommended a three-step
raise to give the men an addition-
al 171/2 cents an hour by next
January, another eight and one
half cents in "fringe" benefits, anc,
the union shop.
Murray said it is up td the
steel companies to make the
next move to negotiate.
Picketing began in South Chi-
cago and Gary, Ind. plants of
the U. S. Steel Corp. within an
hour after the government seizure
was ruled illegal.
In Cleveland, union officials said
steel mills are being closed as fast
as possible.
The big Bethlehem Steel Co.
plant at Johnstown, Pa., is ex-
pected to be shut down complete-
ly by this afternoon. That steel
mill employs about 16,000 men.
John Murray, Director of Dis-
trict 16 CIO United Steelworkers,
issued orders yesterday to shut
down two big Jones and Laughlin
Steel Corp. plants and 15 other
steel plants in the Pittsburgh area.
In Detroit, the Great Lakes Steel
Corp. closed its plant in suburban
Ecorse late yesterday after 2,000
CIO steelworkers walked off the
job.
Meanwhile the National Produc-
tion Authority last night clamped
an embargo on shipments of steel
from warehouses to producers of
civilian-type goods and to for-
eign countries.
SL Meeting Slated
The Student Legislature will
meet at 7:30 p.m. today for the
first time under its newly elected
officers in the Strauss-Anderson
dining room at East Quadrangle.

Industry Hi t
By Walkout
DENVER --(P)- Eastern United
States refineries went out on strike
at 12:01, Eastern Standard Time,
this morning as a nation-wide
strike of union oil workers was
launched, according to a spokes-
man at the Oil Workers Interna-
tional (CIO) here.
The spokesman said he could
not disclose which plants were
struck, their number or location.
* * *
HOPES FOR settlement of the
strike of some 90,000 union refin-
ery and pipeline oil industry work-
era held little promise.
Standard Oil Co. of Indiana
and the Independent Central
States Petroleum Union failed
to agree on contract terms after
the union reportedly had low.
ered its demand three cents. The
trend was the same over the na-
tion.
However, reports of a near set-
tlement for the 25,000 CIO oil
workers in California eased the
picture somewhat. Such a settle-
ment could set a nationwide pat-
tern.
O. A. Knight, president of the
'Oil Workers International Union
(CIO) in Denver, earlier had said
California members had been re-
quested to remain on the job so
as not to hamper the Korean war
effort. Union officials in San
Francisco said they had not re-
ceived the request. About 10,000
were set to strike in that state.
The rest were not involved.
Knight also said the supply- of
natural gas would be affected
along the east coast. He said he
could not elaborate on just how
other regions would be effected.
Knight said he expects half
the nation's production of refined
oil products to be cut off.
Russians Blast
French Plane
BERLIN --(A- Two Russian
MIG fighters blasted at an Air
France airliner on its way to Ber-
ln yesterday, wounding four of
the 17 persons aboard with a hail
of cannon and machinegun fire.
The incident resulted in an ex-
change of charges by the Western
Allies and the Russians.
British, French and American
high commissioners promptly sent
a note of protest against the "un-
warranted attack" and demanded
an immediate investigation and
compensation. They said the plane
was flying in the corridor pre-
scribed by Four-Power Agreement.
The Russians ignored the pro-
test and sent a counter-protest
of their own, charging the plane
was not flying in the corridor
permitted by them over the Sov-
iet Zone of Germany.
The Russian note said the jets
were sent up to investigate when
the plane was sighted flying off

SL Inaugurates P.lan
To Balance Income

Pla 1TLckets
Season tickets for the 1952
Drama Season will go on sale
from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. today at
the Lydia Mendelssohn box of-
frn_

C
T.
1:
1:
1.

Members of the Student Legis-
lature cabinet convened with Dean
of Students Erich A. Walter early
this week in the first of a series
of meetings with the administra-
tion over a satisfactory allocation
of funds to keep student govern-
ment operating.
Faced by serious problems both
in the stability of its sources of
income and its economic capacity
to' keep operating, the Legislature
is asking the University for a fixed
allocation of student fees.

per student next year, 66 2/3 cents
the second year and one dollar
per student the third year. This
would put SL on the same basis as
the League and Union as a regular
recipient of University funds.
THE ARRANGEMENT would
give the Legislature an operative'
budget of $6,425 next year which
would increase proportionately in
the coming years.
In the past, SL has raised
money by fund-raising projects,j

Security

E

PROFESSORS STATE VIEWS:

Bond Interest Raised

<>

By MARGE. SHEPHERD
University professors expressed
a divergence of opinion yesterday
over the importance of the Treas-
I ury Department's decision to in-

SUPPORTING THE issuance of
a new "H" bond, which will pay
off in semi-annual checks, Prof.
Musgrave said that this was a bet-
ter move because it will aid in tax
collection.

search center has indicated that rate was inappropriate to the
people are dissatisfied with pre- times.
sent government rates, he said. "However, the inducement for
"This change will give an ad- individuals to hold present bonds,
ed incentive to buyers," he con- or buy new ones depends on the
incenP tiv=em P. b yers, he 1Pc treasury's ability to merchandise

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