THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 19. 1952
WEDNEas r.S.A. MiARCH lfl 1 i7 !l
ACE Washington correspondent, Fulton
Lewis, Jr. aimed his ravings at the Uni-
versity last week. Or what he evidently
considers to be one aspect of the Univer-
In his March 14 column, which could
be called at best an example of insidious
ranting, Lewis charges that this campus
is one of the nation's hotbeds of Com-
munism. Noting that Senate investigators
are currently looking into Communist ac-
tivity on University campuses, he subtley
implied that Michigan would be a good
place to investigate.
He leveled similar charges against the
political temper at the University of North
Carolina. And he hit the editors of the Caro-
lina paper, the Daily Tar Heel, for writing
THl UNION of South Africa has just
begun a three week celebration of its
300th birthday. However, threats of new
race riots and increased racial tension have
created an incendiary atmosphere which
has dampened the holiday spirits.
The crux of the unrest is the Nationalist
government's insistence of enforcing
apartheid (legal racial segregation).
This policy has led several Indian and
African organizations to call for mass dem-
onstrations and a boycott against the
commemoration activities. While many Af-
rican leaders have come out against resis-
tance to the festivities, the leading African
group, African National Congress, has called
participation in the affair, "tantamount to
rejoicing over 300 years of slavery."
The birthday anniversary has served to
highlight the dynamic forces which are
stirring in the South African nation. But
the conflict between natives and white in-
tolerance is not merely confined to South
The fact must be realized that the
native non-white populations throughout
the world are tired of domination. The
feeling for self respect and self determina-
tion extends far beyond the borders of'
South Africa. The fighting in Indo China,
Malaya, and the newly acquired'indepen-
dence of Indonesia are a few examples of
the willingness of native people to fight
for what they believe right for themselves.
South Africa aid other nations must rec-
ognize this powerful drive and adjust their
policies, both internal and external, so as to
permit expression of a people's desire for
on "academic freedom." In passing, he de-
cried a lecture that was delivered on that
campus by the ex-president of Hangchow
Christian College. The lecturer spoke on
the "subversive" topic, "American Imperial-
ism in the Far East."
Michigan got slammed like this:
"The ripest example (of Red activities
at universities) at the moment,,is at the
University of Michigan, where Muscovite
stooges are concentrating on the student
body with a barrage of Kremlin-inspired
The "boloney" cited is a publication called
New Foundations, "which was scattered
across the campus within the last month."
The publication, he notes, is a "Communist
rag which is getting wide distribution on
other college campuses, as well as on Michi-
New Foundations may well be a "Com-
munist rag." But, after a good deal of dig-
ging I was able to uncover the whereabouts
of one copy. It was not available for gen-
New Foundations is not in the Library.
It is not in the dorm or house libraries.
It probably can be found in some private
rooms. Some people will have heard of the
magazine. A few others will have read it.
And some, most probably, believe in what
New Foundations has to say. They are
hardly the "student body." '
Only one bit of Red propaganda has ac-
tually had "wide distribution" on campus
lately. That is the Neafus Club letter to
students of Philosophy 63. It is, without
a doubt, "boloney." It probably was put
out by "Muscovite stooges." It did not re-
flect the temper of the Michigan student.
Even if Lewis had been bright enough to
use something which had really been dis-
tributed (like the letter) the fact of distri-
bution would hardly have proved that
Michigan is Communist infested.
It is unfortunate that articles which
have no factual basis are printed as if
they were true. It is unfortunate that
vicious, distorted statements like the ones
found in this article are distributed for
the benefit of any comers.
It is sad that Lewis can only fight Com-
munist "baloney" with "baloney" of his own.
THE Wolverine Club is offering another
bargain vacation trip, combining the
enjoyment of spending spring vacation with
a group of students and a trip to Florida
at reduced transportation and entertain-
Every year the club sponsors similar
trips which have proved to be popular
and successful ventures, from every angle
except the money difficulties which it
In an attempt to sponsor inexpensive
trips, the club has operated close to the
border of financial failure. Now members
are asking the support of students in this
latest venture, which may determine
whether or not the club remains active on
Sponsoring this and similar excursions is
only one function of the group. It is the
only organization designed for the specific
purpose of promoting Michigan spirit,
through pep raliles and other projects.
Composed of a few active members, the
club has not secured the attention and sup-
port that it deserves from the campus.
A group such as this is essential. It can
be and should be expanded to undertake
many more projects, including the con-
troversial Tug Week, which it could han-
dle with the help of efficient organiza-
tion and student participation.
To be successful at all, the Wolverine Club
needs the backing of students and of other
campus organizatiops. The first indication
of this support would be in a large turnout
for the Florida trip which promises to be
up to the usual Wolverine excursion stan-
FREEDOM in education received anothei
major setback last week when the
United States Supreme Court upheld 6-3
New York's Feinberg Law.
The law provides for the dismissal of
any school employee who teaches the
violent overthrow of state or federal gov-
ernment or who belongs to an organiza-
tion which is considered subversive by
the State Board of Regents. Membership
alone is-prima facie ground for dismissal.
Teachers who are accused of belonging to
proscribed organizations have a right to
a hearing and a court review.
The dangers in the law were expressed
cogently in the minority opinions of Justicss
Black and Douglas.
In regards to the elaorate spy system
which the law sets up, JusticehBlack said,
"Regular loyalty reports on the teachers
must be made out. The school principals
become detectives; the students, the par-
ents, the community become informers. Ears
are cocked for telltale signs of disloyalty.
The prejudices of the communit come into
play in searching out the disloyal."
Posing questions which might arise un-
der such a system, Black went on; "What
was the significance of the reference of
the art teacher to socialism? Why was
the history teacher so openly hostile to
Franco Spain? Who heard overtones of
revolution in the English teacher's dis-
cussion of "The Grapes of Wrath."
Such a school system in which thought
is controlled by the state renders education
sterile and at best meaningless.
A basic liberty-freedom from fear-be-
comes extinct. Teachers can no longer count
on their good service, abilities and knowl-
edge to support them. They must constantly
be on guard and must bury their social and
political creeds for fear they will be mis-
construed and used against them.-
The majority opinion of the Court stresses
the point that "The State has the most
vital sort of obligation to maintain the integ-
rity of its schools and to avoid conditions
which aid perversion of the educational
process." Two problems arise here.
No one will deny that our public schoos
should not become instruments for the
Communist party. Admittedly this princi-
ple lies behind the Feinberg law, but its
danger is that it goes further. First the
law sets the undemocratic precedent that
a citizen may be deprived of a livelihood
without committing an unlawful overt act.
Second, it is impossible to tell what or-
ganizations beside the Communist Party
will be included on the Regent's list of
subversive organizations-a list which can
easily be as arbitrary as the Attorney
Those who are afraid of what this type
of legislation will do to free thought and
political liberty should realize that the
Court's sustension of the Feinberg law will
be the green light for other states. People
throughout the country must be prepared
to fight similar laws wherever they are pro-
THE ROBERT SHAW Chorale's first Ann
Arbor appearance last night was the
superlative sort of thing that occasionally
occurs when an ingenious conductor has a
closely integrated group of musicians at
his command. It has scarcely been equalled
"Maybe We're Not So Bad Off"
/ettep TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interestsand vill publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
: !" "
4s#" Fx+S.tE cK
.: tor sss- xe vtas+se ct nPCarre+e.,
with DREW PEARSON
SENATOR Pat McCarran has laid himself
and his backers open to suspicion by
Insisting that the Senate have the right to
confirm presidential nominees for the posi-
tions of special investigator or Special
Assistant Attorney General.
This move was clearly instigated to
remove corruption ninvestigator, Newbold
Morris, from his controversial probing
job. The Senate has been extremely an-
tagonistic toward Morris because of its
recent inquiry into the business deals of
his law firm. Nothing definite has been
proven against Morris, but he is still un-
der vehement attack. Furthermore, his
search for corruption in Government
agencies is being obstructed by the Sen-
ate's denial of subpoena privileges.
This hesitancy of the Senate to give
Morris "teeth' with which he can carry
out his probe also shows that it is reluctant
to have its affairs investigated. The "con-
firmation" plan is the Senatorial way of
making sure that any cleanup ever advo-
cated by the President or anyone adverse to
Senate interests would be promptly
There is more than one "skeleton" in
Senate closets. Morris would do his best to
find them-if he lasts that long.
WASHINGTON-The final decision regarding a steel strike will de-
pend primarily on four men. These men belong neither to the
union nor to a steel company. They are the government officials who
must decide whether they can permit a boost in wages to be compen-
sated for by a boost in the price of steel.
The four men are: ex-Governor Ellis Arnall of Georgia, now
on the immediate price firing line as director of the Office of
Price Stabilization; 2, Roger Putnam, Springfield, Mass., manu-
facturer, now head of Economic Stabilization; 3, Charles Wilson,
former head of General Electric, now head of Defense Mobiliza-
tion; and, finally, President Truman.
All four, at the moment, are agreed that the steel-industry profits
are zooming, that they have never been so high before, and that they
are ample to take care of the wage boost being proposed by the Wage
Board. They also agree that to grant an increase in steel prices--
beyond the rdest boost which comes automatically under the Cape-
hart Amendment-would start more inflation.
Furthermore, OPS Director Arnall feels so strongly about this
that he would resign before upping the price of steel. Arnall doesn't
believe in fireworks or fancy resignations. But he has told close friends
that he'll politely pick up his hat and go back to Georgia if he is
ordered to grant an increase in steel prices.
Significantly, President Truman feels exactly the same way.
He has told advisers that he won't give the steel industry a penny
of price increase.
So, if the men at the top and bottom stick together, the steel in-
dustry may be in for a rough time.
SECRETARY of the Navy Dan Kimball has put himself in the posi-
tion of censoring Navy subordinates for talking to the Washington
Merry-Go-Round, yet at tle same time criticizing the Washington
Merry-Go-Round for allegedly failing to talk to the Navy.
Last week, this columnist published a comparison of Naval jet
engines purchased from Pratt-Whitney in East Hartford, Conn.,
and Allison Motors in Indianapolis, in which it was pointed out
that the Allison jet job cost only $31,000, while the Pratt-Whitney
jet job cost $50.46. Yet the Navy ordered 2,435 of the more expen-N
sive Pratt-Whitney engines and only 200 of the Allisons, though
Naval pilots, as of February, still found the Pratt-Whitney perfor-
Immediately following publication of this column, one Naval
technician, Vernon Haynes, mentioned as favoring the Allison engine,
was sent a peremptory letter by the Navy, demanding an explanation
as to why he had "talked to Pearson."
Subsequently, Haynes was summoned to the Office of the Secre-
tary of the Navy and asked to explain why his name had "appeared
in Pearson's column" as favoring the Allison engine.
Simultaneously, the same Secretary of the Navy wrote an official
letter inquiring why Pearson had not discussed jet engines with Navy
In other words, the Navy appeared more concerned with smok-
ing out my news sources than cracking down on officers responsi-
ble for the jet-engine blunder. "Talking to Pearson," it seemed,
was a greater crime than having no jet engines capable of. meeting
the enemy in Korea.
Note-Naval pilots, who are among the best in the world, but who
have been kept out of the Korean jet fighting by poor naval engine
design, point to some interesting comparisons between the Pratt-
Whitney J8 engine and the Allison J33. The turbine blades on the
Pratt-Whitney, they point out, cost $99 each, on the Allison only $19.
Likewise, the Pratt-Whitney tail pipe costs $800 while the Allison
tail pipe costs $200.
THE REAL test of whether Senator Kefauver can buck the united
weight of Truman forces and city bosses will come within the
next 60 days in four key primaries. They are Wisconsin and Nebraska,
both on April 1, New Jersey on April 15, and Florida May 27.
Of these the ,most interesting battles will be in Nebraska and
The Nebraska primary is against Sen. Bob Kerr, genial Okla-
homa oil millionaire who has the backing of Truman's former
counsel, Clark Clifford. This results from the interesting fact that<
Clifford is Washington lobbyist for Phillips Petroleum, and that
Senator Kerr participates in various Phillips oil and gas leases
in the southwest.c
The Florida primary, however, will be even more significant. Heret
Kefauver will buck overwhelming odds, as follows:
A. The popularity of Senator Russell of Georgia.
B. The big money of the big gamblers.
C. The political machine of Florida's Gov. Fuller Warren.
Florida will be the first test between Senators Russell andt
Kefauver. Generally speaking, southern senators are jealous of
their Tennessee colleague, feel he is too young, has served too
briefly in the Senate. Seniority counts heavily in Congress, andt
men like George of Georgia, now over 70, and McKellar of Ten-
nessee, now over 80, bitterly resent Kefauver's youth, energy, and
That's one reason they goaded Senator Ru6el into becoming aT
-GAMBLERS WANT REVENGE-
AN EVEN greater handicap i Florida, however, will be the gamblingI
money sure to oppose Kefauver. Gamblers all the way from Chi-
cago to Miami have made no secret of their hope that the Tennessee
Senator would enter the Florida primary. And they are laying to get
him, no matter how much it costs.
. . . . . . . _ - . .
The Eternal Pseudonym
To the Editor:
THE DEFENDERS of freedom
are not those who claim and
exercise rights which no one as-
sails. They are those who stand
up for rights which mobs, conspi-
racies, or single tyrants put in
jeopardy; who contend for liberty
in that particular form which is
threatened at the moment by the
many or the few. "Henry Gerard,"
because of his interest in hearing
the unpopular views of a speaker,
banned from the campus of the
University of Michigan, has been
likened, in a recent editorial, to
Willy Sutton and Al Capone. Yet
we are forced to inquire of what
crime Henry Gerard is guilty. His
crime is desiring to secure an au-
dience for a dissenting opoinion
infringing upon the sacredness of
political conformity which has
permeated the common sense of
the community. This is a presi-
dential election year; a fertile
season for the politics of fear. Al-
ready Senator Eastland has pro-
posed a resolution declaring a na-
tional emergency, demanding the
arrest and confinement without
trial of persons who have commit-
ted no crime. Thousands of loyal
Japanese-Americans will testify
from bitter memory that the
threat of concentration camps in
this country cannot be dismissed
as fantastic. When a co-ed re-
cently invoked a constitutional
immunity of freedom from self-
incrimination, President Henry of
Wayne University dismissed this
as a prima facie evidence of built.
It is a surprize that when a stu-
dent's status is so tenuous that he
should resort to the use of a pseu-
Established evils naturally pose
an iron front to reform; and the
spirit of reform, gathering new
vehemence from opposition, pours
itself forth in passionate efforts.
Should we not labor to guide
aright and temper excessive zeal
instead of persecuting it as the
worst of enemies? In an age of
inquiry and innovation it is a sus-
picious tenderness which fears to
touch a heavy yoke, because it
turesgrows into the necks of our
fellow-creatures, while a people,
whose moral sentiments are pal-
sied by the interweaving of all
their interests with a system of
oppression, become degraded with-
out suspecting it. Yet we bow be-
fore numbers and prescription.
The idea of Civil Liberties, that
"great idea" of our age, and on
which we profess to build our in-
stitutions, is darkened, weakened,
so as to be to many little more
than a sound. They alone deserve
to be called free who are per-
mitted to participate in the ac-
ceptance or rejection of their po-
litical ideologies in a marked ov-
ert. May the Eternal Pseudonym
forever spring forth.
-F. Neil Aschemeyer
s ea a
To the Editor
THE ABOMINABLE lack of spir-
it and tradition on this cam-
pus can, I tthnk, well be illustrated
by a situation in which, to my
disgust, I was recently placed.
In my geology 12 lecture section,
I sit in row M, seat five. On the
last hour examination, I achieved
a modest score of 64 while the
class median was 68. This consti-
tuted a weak C and undoubtedly
had a harmful effect on the over-
all average of row M.
Yet I was neither reprimanded,
gently reproached nor encouraged
1 to do better by any of my fellow
1 "row M'ers". I later found out that
no one had even taken the trouble
to calculate the average of our
row. It seems that nobody cared.
Now here is an egregious ex-
ample of campus apathy. I am
sure that if I had done well on
the examination, not one person
would have congratulated me and
told me what a great job I was
doing for our section of the al-
phabet. Something must be done
about this pitiful situation.
It should not be sufficient for
students to study merely for them-
selves or their dormitories or fra-
ternity, sorority and co-op houses.
We should recognize the heritage
with which we have been endow-
ed by the countless alumni of this
university who have sat in the
same rows before us.
I consider the case of Row M
particularly aggrevating in view
of the fact that the letter M has
been worn by many of the Uni-
versity's finest athletes and,
through the years, has become a
symbol of the University itself.
Surely, here is a banner for my
row to rally round and fight for,
As far as others are concerned,
it is up to the individual students.
You, taking physics 26 in seat D16
-you in political science. 66 sit-
ting in L20 and you, taking his-
tory 49 in seat J12 must encourage
each and every student in your
row to do his best and preserve
the tradition that is the Universi-
ty of Michigan.
Oops, I almost forgot you in
Russian Lit. 121, seat W28.
-E. Sterling Sader
To the Editor:
IT IS IMPORTANT that the stu-
dents be presented with the
content of what Arthur McPhaul
had to say in his talk before a
small gathering of students in the
Michigan Union recently. This
seems to me of far greater impor-
tance than any so called mystery
about Henry Gerard.
McPhaul tried to give a descrip-
tion of the condition of the Ne-
gro people in the United States.
He gave very concrete and vivid
examples of how Negroes are sys-
tematically deprived of social, po-
litical and economic rights. He
cited examples of outright mur-
der of Negroes with the compli-
ance of government officials.
It is within this context that
McPhaul claims the United States
government is guilty of genocide
against the Negro people. He gave
the U.N. definition of Genocide
which was adopted by the Con-
vention on the Prevention and
Punishment of the Crime of Ge-
nocide December 9, 1948. The
major idea is that certain ac&s
committedi with "intent to des-
troy, in whole or in part, a na-
tional, ethnical, racial or religi-
ous group" would constitute ge-
nocide. For example: 1. "Kbiling
members of the group, 2. causing
serious bodily or mental harm to
members of the group, 3. dell-
berately inflicting on the group
conditions of life calculated to
bring about its physical destruc-
tion in whole or in part."
McPhaul'secharges are serious:
they are well documented. They
are worthy of serious considera-
Shaw is one who has never been afraid
of innovations in the field of choral con-
ducting. In physically arranging his chor-
us, for instance, he has dispensed with the
traditional four-choir distribution and,
relying on the power of individual singers,
he makes a practice of alternating differ-
ent ranged voices. There is room for twice
the thirty-odd singers on stage, but Shaw
reasons that spaces between singers are
far more effective than additional choir
t Ful 9v 9 999 car 9 w V y y y a" 999 999 99e . 9
h +Itt~L ~ . I ~ A£& AA*A A ~ A ~ 4
THE MARCH issue of the Gargoyle, which
will be polluting the campus today, re-
minds one of that ancient adage-"It takes
a wise man to write like a fool, but no fool
can write like a wise man."
Generally, the "Bloody Pulp" owes its
success to a battery of shrewd Garg staf-
fers writing like fools. As such, it is hilar-
ious in some aspects, rather shabby in
others-which is to be expected. Not even
the New Yorker can maintain a constant
rhythm of humor.
The theme of the latest ticklish night-
mare is, simply, blood. And there's plenty
of it, intermingled with the not so singular
Garg attitude toward the Libido. The the-
matic play evolves into a kind of parody
on various authors-Kipling, Doyle, Huxley,
and Cervantes, writing under Capote pseu-
donyms. Truman Capote, however, was
The Garg's cover is one of the happier
accomplishments of the staff. Designed by
William Gilmore, it is both striking and
ingenious, perhaps one of the best to bind
the magazine in quite a while The ovr.
on Kipling. Her "Blood, Sweat and Peers"
rolled smoothly and is a credit to her quick
Also well-done were "Alimentary, My Dear
Watson," by Tom Harris and Howie Nem-
erovski (characterized by a remarkably stu-
pid "Sherlock Holmes"); the proverbial
"Who Stole My Dinosaur?"; and "Bang,
Gotteth Thou," by Harry Reed (a short
take-off on Don Quixote).
Jan Winn's "I Been Had," the amusing
monologue of a Hollywood demi-rep,
sparkled in places more than any of the
others, but fell flat at the end. Larry
Pike's "I Was A Satellite," though well-
written, suffered the same fate. (By the
way, Webster says "sattelite" is spelled
Don Malcolm exhibits a nice style in
"Bang, Gotcha!" but unfortunately, slumps
into what English professors call "over-
writing." Sad in spots; excellent in others.
In passing, Jack Bergstrom's "Oi! The
Jury" carried the blood drive just a bit too
far. My other criticism: too many campus
characters reminiscent of the J-Hon Extra.
In practice, Shaw's theories result in the
best integrated, most profound choral work
the country has witnessed in a long time.
The potential strength of a well-knit group
of instrumentalists and vocalists, accustomed
to performing together, was extremely well
realized last night in the Mozart D Minor
Requiem. It is impossible to doubt the valid-
ity of his streamlined arrangement after
hearing the "Rex tremendae" from Mozart's
Requiem. Certainly no addition of voices
could have made it more majestic. And the
ensemble work last night was amazing. The
instrumental voices were lifted to their prop-
er proportions, and well-modulated, care-
fully-studied dynamic effects were a tribute
to Shaw's intent conducting.
If the first half of the program was un-
mistakably Shaw, the second half represent-
ed a strong but not obtrusive Fred Waring
influence. As for Porgy and Bess, it was
something of a treat to hear it interpreted
by one who could untangle Gershwin's
rhythms and make music doing it.
New Books at the Library
Vestal, Stanley-Queen of Cowtowns-
(Continued from Page 2)
Assembly Newspaper. Staff meeting,
Thurs., March 20, 4 p.m., League. All
copy must be in.
The Polonia Club. Meet at the Inter-
national Center at 7:30 p.m. Election of
officers, dancing, charades, and re-
freshments. All students of Polish des-
cent and their friends are invited.
Canterbury Club: Morning Prayer and
the Litany at 7:30 on Thursday in the
Literary College Conference Steering
Committee. Thurs., March 20, 4 p.m.,
1011 Angell Hail.
U. of M. Sailing Club. Meeting, 7:30
p.m., Thurs, March 20, 311 West Engi-
neering. Shore school on crewing. work
party at Whitmore on Saturday and
Finance Club. Messrs. E. H. Cress and
L. A. Tappe of the Ann Aror Trust
Company will speak to the Club on
Thurs., March 20, 4 p.m., 131 Buiness
Administration Bldg. All interested stu-
dents are invited. Informal coffee hour
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board of Control of
Chuck Elliott.......Managing Editor
Bob Keith......... ...City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
Vern Emerson.........Feature Editor
Ron Watts...........Associate Editor
Bob Vaughn ..........Associate Editor
Ted Papes ...............Sports Editor
George Flint ....Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker .....Associate Sports Editor
Jan James ............ Women's Editor
Jo Keteihut, Associate Women's Editor
Bob Miller ..........Business Manager
Gene Kuthy, Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ....Advertising Manager
Milt Goetz........Circulation Manager