THE MICHIGAN DAILY SATURDAY,
The Speaker Edits
SINCE THE Lecture Committee took its re-
cent action, several editorials have ap-,
geared upon this stage which-sought to ex-
plain and justify the decision to ban the.
wo suspected communists.
The first editorial, written by the Night
Editors, claimed that the Committee was
:orced to jecide as it did because:
1) The proposed speakers would have
made a "dubious contribution to the cam-
2) The invitations were extended in an,
The most that can be said for the first.
reason is that it is unique. If the same rule
were expanded and applied to the national
scene, it would be branded as suppression of
free speech. Applied on a college level, it
till retains this suppressive character.
Their second point is also a quaint inno-
vation--namely, that the way in which an
organization invites speakers to their meet-
ing should be a determinant in deciding whe-
her he be allowed to lecture. This idea has
no relevancy whatever to the Regents' by-law
which forbids Communists to speak on cam-
pus. All recognized groups have the right to1
send invitations tol anyone they care to. They,
can select a person's name out of a hat, if
they want to. It is their business and no one
Further arguments were advanced by
pointing out that both Green and McPhau
were members of the Civil Rights Con-
gress, which is on the Attorney General's
subversive list. This blithely ignored the
fact that a recent Supreme Court ruling
declared the subversive list illegal. These,
and other reasons, such as McPhaul's and
Greene's refusal to DENY they were Com-'
munists, led the night editors to conclude
that the "mere presence of such suspicions
sharply point up the need for further in-
vestigation into the background of the
men." In other words, it must be proven
that they are NOT Communists before
they are allowed to appear. This concept
is a complete reversal of the long accepted,
basic principle of Anglo-Saxon law, that
you are innocent until proven guilty.
Harry Lunn, in a more recent editorial,
employed a different argument. He asserted
that the American people believe that all
Communists advocate the overthrow of the
government, and that if a person refuses to
deny he is a Communist, then he automati-
cally must be one. While hinting that per-
haps this might be an illiberal attitude, and
that it contained debatable assumptions, The
Prophet of Public Opinion firmly declared.
"The public is in no mood for any such de-
bate . . . . This attitude of the American
Public is reflected in lecture committees and
loyalty oaths. It is reflected in the University
Lecture Committee's action in barring these
men from campus until more is known about
their speaking plans."
It would be interesting to know the loca-
tion of the oracle where all this informa-
tion was gathered. Certainly it wasn't at the
University of California where the loyalty
oath was received with anything but a jubi-
lant welcome. On this campus, the over-
whelming majorty of students who expressed
an opinion on the Lecture Committee were
vigorously opposed to it.
More basic than this, however, is Mr.
Lunn's willingness to submit to any thing
which the "mood of the public" crys out
for. The mood of many a lynch mob has
called for blood, but that doesn't justify
taking a life. In a similar way, fleeting
emotions which obtain a grip on large seg-
ments of a population do not justify vio-
lating the laws and basic principles of a
nation or government.
The faulty reasoning and the irrelevant,
fancied arguments of these editorials, point
up the impossibility of defending an action
which had no legal or moral basis.
AN INCIDENT last week at Wayne Uni-
versity provides an excellent example of
well-meaning newspaper censorship which
completely misfired and was totally unneces-
During the course of hearings by the Un-
American Activities Committee in Detroit,
Darwin D. Martin, Jr., editor of the Wayne
paper, the Detroit Collegian, imposed a
ban on opinionated editorials about the
Committee. When the House group left
Detroit to investigate elsewhere, Martin
promptly lifted the ban. But Monday the
Committee arrives in Detroit for further
hearings and investigation, and their re-
turn raises the question of whether or not
Martin will re-impose his gag rule.
It might be well to review his reasons for
placing a ban in the first place. Stating
that the decision was not forced upon him
by outside pressure, he voiced his belief that
the Committee should be allowed to hear
witnesses and make facts available to the
public before its activities were attacked or
supported in Collegian editorial columns.
Martin cited his responsibility as editor
to both students and the university, and as-
serted that his decision worked in the best
interests of both. Reminding his readers
that the Collegian is often looked on as
spokesman for Wayne, he stated that "to
permit the Collegian to be used by students
who either inadvertently or deliberately
would damage the University would be a be-
trayal 'of trust put in your editor by the
University and his fellow students."
Martin charged that there were "a few
students at Wayne who think so little of
the University and their fellow students'
that they are determined to associate
Wayne with their activities which are
questionable to say the least."
He concluded that if his policy were judg-
ed on the grounds of whether or not it was
best for the university, the facts would jus-
tify his position.
At one time cpnsidered "radical," Wayne
has had a transformation into a rather non-
controversial university through the efforts
of its administration to keep any red taint
away from the school. The abrupt, suspen-
sion of Mrs. Meisner is probably a good re-
flection of this effort.
But in his consideration for the univer-
sity and its students, Martin lost the point
that a good student editor can never ban
an issue from his editorial columns be-
cause it is too "hot" or because it might
have unpleasant results.
This whole dispute merits a discussion of
"the editorial" as a journalistic concept. A
college newspaper editor has a right to ask
four things of his writers and of himself:
1. Is the editorial truthful?
2. Is the editorial within the law?
3. Is the editorial accurate, and fair?
4. Is the.editorial in good taste?
Provided these four cbnditions are full-
filled, an editor has no right to exclude
material from the editorial columns of
his newspaper. in the intellectual college
community, the student newspaper serves
too important a function to have this pre-
We must face the unfortunate conclusion
that Martin, in attempting to live up to
the responsibility of an editor to the stu-
dents and Wayne University, actually per-
verted . this responsibility. It can only be
hoped that when the Committee arrives
Monday, Martin will realize that intelligent
editorial discussion is necessary in a college
community, and will not re-impose his cen-
For Want Of A Nail A Shoe Was Lost
- /t/'4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words In length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and" letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
WITH DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON -- Weary United Nations
negotiators will make a last, desperate
bid this month to end the Korean war in the
big parley tent at Panmunjom. But if their
pleas fail, General Ridgway is ready to
blockade the Chinese coast with battleships
and to hit Chinese bases with bombers.
Here are the latest, inside developments
that could lead to peace or full-scale war
in a matter of weeks:
1. Orders from Washington are to persu-
ade the Communists to sign a half truce-
n other words, to nil down in writing the
agreements that have already been reached
>rally. It is hoped this will prevent the
Communists from backing down on their
word and speed the truce talks..
2. However, the Central Intelligence Agen-
cy is convinced the Chinese will try to prof.
ong the Korean stalemate indefinitely. Thus
he Chinese Communists can continue to
iraw war goods from Russia to equip their
armies and build a powerful air force..But
CIA also reports that the Russians are wor-
ied about China's growing strength and are
secretly urging a truce as an excuse to cut
off the equipment.
3. If the truce negotiators cannot come
to terms, General Ridgway wants to block-
ade the Chinese Coast and bomb the Chin-
esemainland. The final decision must come
from President Trumnan, however, who still
hopes for a peaceful way out.
4. Inside the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Gen-
ral Vandenberg has warned that we don't
nave enough planes to waste on conven-
ional bombing of China. He points out that
"hina's principal cities (are now protected,
>y squadrons of jet fighters, and argues that
,e can't risk losing bombers in China-ex-
ept to deliver the Atomic bomb.
The danger is that bombing China might
>rovoke war with Russia,
* * *
HE PENTAGON has hushed it up, but
radar units have actually tracked 25.
flying saucers." Each was sighted by at
least one eyewitness and also picked up on
the radar screen . . . The Air Force is still
skeptical, points out that radar, too, is sub-
ject to illusions. For example, radar once
picked up a formation of unidentified bomb-
ers heading for Washington. President 'gru-
man's private warning signal was even
sounded before the Air Force discovered the
"enemy bombers" were nothing but harm-
less, ionized clouds ... . President Truman
is still looking for an ,excuse to get rid of
Gen. J. Lawton Collins as Army Chief of
Staff in August. The President dislikes Col-
lins, considers him a pop-off. ... The rea-
son Truman didn't reappoint Gen. Hoyt
Vandenberg for a full term as Air Force
chief was to avoid setting a precedent that
might make it necessary to reappoint Col-
lins too . , . . At the same time, the Presi-
dent doesn't want to appease Senator Taft
by releasing one of the Joint Chiefs-not
while they are under political attack from
The Pentagon will send special public-
relations missions around the world to put
our military representatives on their best
behavior in foreign countries. We want the
local populaces to be on our side in case of
trouble.. . One officer who has not helped
win good will abroad is Lt. Col. Leonard
Haseman, deputy army engineer in charge
of building air bases in North Africa. He ig-
nored the lower bids of legitimate Moroccan
businessmen; and ordered tent frames and
floor panels from a French five percenter.
It cost the taxpayers $50,000 extra to meet
the five percenter's higher prices ..., The
same Colonel Haseman also built himself a
fancy home at the taxpayers' expense, but
he wasn't satisfied with the floor covering.
So he ordered a special rubberized linoleum
installed. This whim cost the taxpayers
(copyright, 1952, by The Bell syndicate, Inc.)
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
CONCORD, N.H.-Sen. Robert A. Taft is certainly among the
the shrewdest professional politicians in the United States. And
when, against the advice of all those around him, Sen. Taft entered
his name in the primaries here in New Hampshire, he may well have
made one of the most brilliant political moves of his career.
His chief rival, General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower,
has one immense asset. This is his immense appeal to the mass of
the voters. It is this asset-and it is really just about Eisenhower's
only asset with the hardshell Republican professionals- that Taft
undoubtedly hopes to weaken fatally in'the primary voting here
For Taft can reasonably hope to run a very glose second to Eisen-
hower in the preferential primary-the "beauty contest" as it is called
here. He can even hope, with luck, to win this contest, and thus seem
to puncture, once and for all, the "myth" of Eisenhower's greater
popularity. The fact is that Taft is in a peculiarly enviable position
here. For he and his backers have carefully cultivated the notion that
he has entered the New Hampshire primary with all the cards stacked
against him, in an admirable spirit of derring-do. In fact Taft has all
sorts of political aces up his sleeves.
GEN. EISENHOWER, forgexample, has the enthusiastic backing of
such conspicuous Republican figures as Gov. Sherman Adams,
former Gov. Robert O. Blood-both of whom are running as Eisen-
hower delegates-and Sen. Charles Tobey. But the powerful political
organization of that agile operator, Sen. Styles Bridges, is worth the
backing of all these put together. Bridges is maintaining in public a
rather smug attitude of neutrality.
Yet it is significant that Bridges became *stnate minority
leader with the indispensable help of Sen. Taf, and that he is
considered here A sure bet for a place in any Taft Cabinet. It is
significant also that Bridges' former assistant, Wesley Powell,
who almost beat Tobey in the 1950 primary with Bridges' silent
help, is the leading Taft delegate candidate. Bridges also has'a
most intimate understanding with "The Manchester Union Lead-
er;" a powerful New Hampshire newspaper several degrees to the
right of "The Chicago Tribune." This paper, which blankets the
state in its morning edition, is violently pro-Taft and anti-
Taft has, moreover, the immense advantage of appearing in the
flesh, complete with crushed felt hat, baggy pants and reassuring man-
ner, while Eisenhower remains an admirable but rather dim phantom'
thousands of miles away. Despite such assets, most of the Eisenhower
delegates-say ten out of fourteen-are expected to win. This Taft
defeat has already been pre-advertised as a Taft victory. But the
triumph the Taft forces are really hankering for is a closer vote, or
even a Taft majority, in the preferential primary.
For such a result would seem to knock into a cocked hat the
claims for Eisenhower's superior vote-getting powers. In fact, it would
mean nothing of the sort.
IN THE FIRST PLACE, the perennial Harold E. Stassen is entered
h in the contest, and will undoubtedly draw some votes from Eisen-
hower. But a far more important factor is the very nature of this pri-
mary vote. As elsewhere, the voters who take the trouble to vote in a
primary compose the hard cores of their party. In the hard-fought
Dewey-Stassen contest here in 1948, fewer than half the Republicans
who later voted in the election bothered to vote in the primary.
Eisenhower's principal strength is not, of course, among the
hard-core Republicans. It is among the independent voters and
disgusted Democrats-the "mugwumps," as Taft calls them dis-
dainfully-who are demonstrably essential to Republican national
victory. And here in New Hampshire primary voters usually repre-
sent a hard core of a hard core. New Hampshire's famous town
meetings coincide with Primary Day, and thus the rural and
small town Republicans vote in force, while the more independent-
minded city voters sit on their hands. And New Hampshire's rural
Republicans are about as conservative a body of voters as are to
be found anywhere in the nation.
Under such circumstances, a good majority for Eisenhower will
be a downright miraculous tribute to his universal popularity. Yet a
Taft defeat here will not much hurt Taft, as this outcome has been
written off in advance by Taft himself. And a Taft majority in the
preferential poll will be interpreted as a catastrophic setback for Ei-
senhower, while if Taft runs a close second, this will be hailed as
triumphant proof of Taft's strength with the voters, even in Eisen-
hower-minded New England. In short, it is difficult to see how Taft
could lose much here, and very easy to see how he could win a great
deal. This is why Taft's entry into the New Hampshire primaries,
bold to the point of foolhardiness as it seemed at first, may be the
shrewdest gamble he has ever taken.
(Copyright, 1952, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
EVERY FEW YEARS our industrial system gets the jim-jams.
Capital flies to cover, factories close and labor goes tramping
Visiting Artist .
To the Editor:
T HANK YOU FOR the report on
M. Sultan, the Pakistani ar-
tist. I would like to add that Sul-
tan's visit to Ann Arbor was made
possible by the courtesy of the In-
stitute of International Education,
New York, which is sponsoring a
three-month observation tour of
American Art institutions under
a Roskefeller Foundation grant.
Ann Arbor was not originally in
the itinerary and I feel obliged to
the Institute for their kindness.
On campus here Sultan received
much hospitality, .kindness and
encouragement from students,
professors and other friends. As
ant artist more prompt and fami-
liar with the paint brush, Sultan
is not generally able to express all
that he would wish in words. Be-
fore leaving for Chicago he was
however very anxious that his
deep gratitude to all those who
had been so kind to him and had
encouraged him could somehow
be conveyed to them. I seek to do
this now through these columns.
Accompanying Sultan were two
other artists: Dhanraj Bhagat
from India and T. Sumardio from
Indonesia, and it was a pleasure
to meet them and get to know
about their work.
Art, it seems to me, is often
able to appeal more readily to the
spirit of universal brotherhood,'
transcending barriers of class,
creed and color, than religions or
Red Threat.. .
"TRAITORS TO Freedom Under
a Guise of Liberalism."
Now that the fact that we have
Communist cells in MIichigan,
Wayne, etc., has been brought to
light; the precailing attitude on
campus seems to be one of indig-
nation. Not, however, indignation
or alarm that these units exist
here, but rather a feeling-that here
we have a group of honest "lib-
erals", harmless "study groups"
merely seeking intellectual free-
dom, and they are being prose-
cuted for it. In short, everybody
seems to feel sorry for them.
When will we recognize the
Communists at Michigan, and the
Communists everywhere, are not
merely intellectuals, and liberals;
but people who believe in Govern-
ment by Terror; who will attempt
to lull us into a sense of security
by telling the "big lie", and then,
if enough of us believe it, rule the
country and the world by terror.
Letus recognize them for what
they are; spies for a foreign pow-
er who seek to take over the coun-
try and rule it by force, by terror
and by concentration camps, and
Harmless study-groups! %They
are about as harmless as a cage
full of rattlesnakes.
-Beecher F. Russell
To the Editor:
THE'STORY on the Detroit Area
Study in this morning's Daily
incorrectly gives theimpression
that this is g aproject of the So-
ciology Department. This project
is designed to serve the training
and research interests of a variety
of social science departments.
During the present year one of the
principal research projects is in
the field of political behavior and
involves the participation of Pro-
fessor Samuel Eldersveld of the
Political Science Department and
a number ofahis graduate students.
There is at least one graduate
student in the project from each
of the following .,departments:
Economics, Political Science, Psy-
chology, Social Psychology, Soci-
ology. The executive committee of
the project consists of faculty rep-
resentatives from the departments
of sociology, political science, psy-
chology, and economics.
Director, Detroit Area Study
** * **
To the Editor:
R ECENT letters from officers of
the Young Democrats have
stoutly maintained that there is
no disunity in the Democratic
Well, if there is none, omething
is wrong! With all of the scandal
and corruption that over these
past years has oozed forth from
the Democratic party, I should
think there would be widespread
dissention within the ranks. For
the YD's to say that there is Unity
implies that they condone the ac-
tions of so many of their ignomi-
nious party leaders.
For the Communists, the very
people, who seek most to destroy
our liberties, have, by loudly
shouting their identification with
freedom of speech, freedom of the
press, etc., achieved a sort of "in-
tellectual coup"; they have shout-
ed the lie long enough and loud
enough that people have begun to
It is true we have a great deal
wrong with the United States; we
have race prejudice, unemploy-
ment, corruption in government;
but, (borrowing from Joe Louis)
we have no defects that Commu-
nism will ever cure.
The favorite trick of the Com-
rades is to point out in loud voices
the defects of this country; always
with the implied assumption, that
Communism has the answer (viz,
wipe out all non-liberals by the
concentration camp) . .
But let us not be taken in, and
make the assumption that the
Communists desire us to make;
the assumption that therefore
what they have to offer is better.
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
Associated Press News Analyst
W HILE THE argument over Universal Mili-
tary Training is still fresh, and since it
is expected to come up again after the elec-
tion, maybe it's just as well to recall what
America's chief allies do about it.
In France it has been part of the na-
tional life since 1798. Military service
comes as surely as death, and much more
surely than taxes, to the able bodied man.
Compulsory military service begins in high
school, with physical education and rudi-
mentary training in arms. In his'nineteenth
year a youth is called for his physical and
classified. During his twentieth year he be-
gins 18 months as a private, after which he
is liable for three years to be recalled into
immediate service. Gradations of activity
continue for 28 years-for 45 years in the
case of officers.
If a boy goes to a university he passes
from the rudimentary high school military
training into something much like the Am-
erican R.O.T.C. If he passes his tests in this
general. He will be kept according to rank.
A private gets about three cents a day pocket
money. This is not a matter of circumstance.
It is part of a definite idea that military ser-
vice is sometling owed the nation.
Britain has had UMT for 12 years. Since
the war more than a million men have
been traine4, at first for 18 months and
now for two years. And then returned to
42 months of active attachment to auxi-
liary services. Conscripts, or national ser-
vice men as they are called officially, make
up a large part of Britain's 800,000-man
military force. The training runs at the
rateof about 250,000 a year, which means
that nearly all the 20-odd year olds are
now fully-trained and available in an
emergency, with officers ready to form
the new commands.
The only men exempt are ministers of the
gospel, the insane and blind, and some gov-
ernment workers. Some miners, students and'
merchant seamen get deferment under cer-
ALTHOUGH THE Huntley-Crary proposal
or revising the University calendar has
several serious shortcomings, the evil of the
"lame duck" teaching session between
Christmas vacation and semester examina-
tions is apparent and should be corrected.
By making a few revisions in the profes-
sors' plan, both its shortcomings and the
"lame duck" period could be eliminated.
In the first place, classes should begin
the week after Labor Day, which would
enable students to finish the required 15
weeks of classes before Christmas. A three-
week vacation might then be given with
students returning to take exams in the
middle of January.
The exam period, as it now stands, is too
long. By shortening three-hour exars to
only two-hodrs, the entire period could be
compressed into one week, and registration
might take place in late January, moving
Commencement up to the end of May.
Although two-hour exams would leave the
possibility of a student having three in one
day, he would have just returned from a
three-week period in which he would have
prepared for all his exams. Professors are
already working on an accelerated rate of
correcting finals; two-hour tests would be
shorter and more easily corrected.
Such a program would eliminate the "lar
duck" period, a longer Christmas vacation
would be made possible, and examinations
would be cut to a more practical length of
Still existing would be the problem of new
second semester students, who would find
the semester ending at other schools while
the new one was beginning here. However,
as this effects a relatively small number as
opposed to the many persons who would be
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication init is consruc-
tive notice to all members. of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 2552
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (11
a.m. on Saturday).
SATURDAY, MARCH 8, 1952
VOL. LXII, No. 108
Women Students planning to attend
the 1952 Summer Session may now ap-
ply for housliig in the Office of the
Dean of Women. Accommoedations for
graduates and undergraduates will be
available in residence halls, league
houses, sororities (for non-members as
well as members) and cooperative
Seminar in Complex Variables: Mon.,
March 10, 3 p.m., 247 W. Engineering.
Mr. George Brauer will complete his
report on Sets of Convergence of Taulor
The Chicago symphony Orchestra
conducted by Rafael Kubelik, will give
the final concert in the Extra Concert
Series, Sunday evening, March 9, at
8:30, in Hill Auditorium. Arthur Gru-
miaux, distinguished Belgian Violinist
will be heard as soloist in the Bartok
violin Concerto. The progrom will be
opened with the Overture to the "Bar-
tered Bride," followed by the Bartok
work; and close with the Beethoven
Symphony No. 3 (Eroica).
A limited number of tickets are still
available at the offices of the Univer-
sity Musical Society in Button Memor-
ial Tower, and will also be on sale at
the Hill Auditorium box office ,after 7
o'clock on the night of the perform-
May Festival Single Concert Tickets
will go on sale beginning Mon., March
10, at 9 o'clock, at the offices of the,
University Musical Society in Burton
Memorial Tower, at $2.56, $2.00 and
Square Dance Section, Faculty Wo-
men's Club. Month of March dance,
8:30-11:30 p.m., Sat., March 8, Barbour
Gymnasium. Guest caller: Capt. John
H. van Nest.
Saturday Luncheon Discussion Group
will be held together with the Annual
Meeting of the Society of Friends,
Methodist Church, 12:15 p.m.
Taft Club. Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Mon.,
March 10, League. Mr. Kirk Denler,
secretary of the Michigan Taft Corn-
Edited and managed by students of
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