-- - -k. 'I
APPARENTLY, SOMEBODY in Michigan's
Democratic Party is pulling some rather
glaring blunders, extensive enough to force
a full-scale congressional investigation into
the fund raising tactics of the State's party.
Only this summer, Michigan's maverick
of the Democratic Party, Stephen J. Roth,
demanded the resignation of Neil O.
Staebler, Democratic State Central Com-
mittee chairman, for allegedly asking cam-
paign contributions from "appointees" of
Gov. G. Mennen Williams,
Whether Roth, former attorney general,
had substantial evidence against Staebler
himself is questionable. Staebler is known
among his Democratic colleagues for his in-
tegrity and intellectual prowess. The fact
that Roth also had political aspirations for
Sen. Blair Moody's present job (Staebler,
many contend, was instrumental in backing
Moody's nomination as a replacement for
Sen. Vandenberg) indicates that Roth may
be swinging at the wrong man.
But this much is certain: Among "ap-
pointees" to whom letters of solicitation
were mailed were Republican Secretary of
State Fred M. Alger and Republican State
Treasurer D. Hale Brake. This in itself is
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: HARLAND BRITZ
ridiculous, both men being obtrusively Re-
publicans and neither being appointed by
Williams but elected by the Michigan elec-
What really topped things off was a
similar letter addressed to Roth himself
as "attorney general." To be sure, Roth is a
Democrat but he wasn't appointed by Wil-
liams. Nor was he still attorney general at
the time he received the letter.
The angry Roth completed his condemna-
tion of Staebler with these invectives: "If, as
rumors suggest, the same letter was mailed
to civil service employees, there must in-
evitably arise the question of political mor-
als and ethical standards-if not, indeed, of
His argument is bolstered by the discovery
that Howard Hunt, Michigan Democratic
Central Committee Finance Director, has
dropped off letters to applicants for post-
masterships in a quest for political dona-
On the other hand, it can hardly be
claimed that Michigan's Republican Par-
ty has an impeccably clean nose. Charges
of graft and influence wielding are all too
prevalent in the Republican-controlled
State Legislature, but the large number of
Republican newspapers in the state are
timidly unaware of them.
For this reason, any congressional investi-
gation of chicanery in Michigan politics
should take into consideration the shady
practices of both State parties.
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
c ' J si "Always Happy T
LAST JULY Harvey Clark, a Negro, moved
into an apartment in Cicero, an all
white suburb of Chicago. He was met by anI
angry mob displaying all the ugliness of pre-
judice and intolerance. The riot became so
out of hand that the state militia had to be
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1951
o Take The Word Of A Lady"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WITHI DREW PEARSON
The righteous citizens of Cook County
weren't going to let this grave injustice
go unanswered. A grand jury was set up.
It used its power by indicting none of the
126 people arrested for rioting.
Instead the jury indicted a Negro who is
part owner of the building in which Clark
leased the apartment, a Negro who was the
rental agent that handled the transaction,
and a Negro lawyer who acted as the attor-
ney for Clark and also for the National Aro-
sociation for the Advancement of Colored
People. These three men were charged with
"conspiring to damage property."
Three other people were also found to be
connected closely enough with the riot to
be indicted: a furrier who had handed out
Comunist propaganda during the riot, a wo-
man with a record of previous arrests who
was a former owner of the building, and
the police chief of Cicero.
Thus was justice meted out. The grand
jury may now smugly consider itself as hav-
ing performed its duty as an active part of
a democratic system. But in some minds
there may still be doubt that somewhere'
along the way the basic issues of the Cicero
riot have become confused.
True, the police chief had been lax in
stopping the rioting, but the woman was
shown at the hearing to have had nothing
to do with the riot directly. And the fur-
rier was more likely capitalizing on the
situation rather than promoting it.
As for the three Negroes who were indicted
there may be some people who consider the
true crime to be the acts of a prejudiced mob
which destroyed the home of an innocent
man, not the acts of three men who enabled
Harvey Clark to move into his apartment.
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
By PAUL SANDERS
Associated Press News Analyst
WHATEVER HAPPENS in Argentina as a
result of yesterday's revolt against Peron
-whether it was real or phoney-one thing
The country will have a long struggle
before it returns to normal constitutional
--~iIO ' *
etteP4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construe-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
2552 Administration Building before
3 p.m. the day preceding publication
(11 a.m. on Saturday).
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1951
LXII, NO. 5
School of Natural Resources Assem-
bly. 11 a.m., Tues., Oct. 2, Rackham
Amphitheatre. All students in the
School are expected to attend.
School of Music Assembly. Mon., Oct.
1, 11 a.m., Rackham Lecture Hall.
President Hatcher will deliver a brief
talk; new School of Music Faculty will
be introduced and Student Council
members will be elected from depart-
ments. Attendance required of all Mu-
sic students. All Music classes are dis-
The Federal Security Agency of the
Social Security Administration an-
nounces openings for Social Insurance
Research Analysts for persons who have
had graduate work or experience in
any of the following fields: Social In-
surance, Sociology, Economics, Political
Science, Public Administration, or Fi-
nance (this also includes people who
have their Doctorates). Contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Adminis-
tration Building, for further informa-
Women students will have one o'clock
late permission saturday, September
Women's Judiciary Council
Pol. Sci. 371 will meet in room 2003
A.H. beginning next Tues., rOct. 2.
Doctoral examinaiton for Rev. James
WASHINGTON-While the Senate criti-
cized RFC officials for accepting hams,
two senators helped themselves to a hand-
ful of free switch-blade knives the other day
from the sample case of a manufacturer.
The manufacturer was Joseph Schrade,
president of the Schrade-Waldon Cutlery
Corporation, who begged the senators not
to outlaw his switch-blade knife as a dan-
"Have you got one with you?" asked Sen.
Olin Johnston, South Carolina Democrat.
"Yes sir," replied Schrade, hoisting up a
sample case full of knives.
"I hope that you have no objection to'
passing a few out in the Senate," blurted
Sen. Herman Welker, Idaho Republican, eye-
ing the knives covetously. "I need a good
"We came along with that idea in mind,"
agreed Schrade, anxious to please.
Welker grabbed a box of small switch-
blade knives and promptly began dividing
them up. Then the Idaho senator spied an
expensive leather-handled knife, and
reached for it.
"Be careful with that." cautioned Schrade
as he gloomily watched Welker take it. "Be
careful the way it opens. It comes out with
As Welker tested the blade hpprovingly.
Schrade pleaded: "You don't know what a
disappointment it is to me that after mak-
ing a product for 50 years, I find out that
they used it for crime."
"That's right," agreed the Idaho senator,
still fingering the, knife enviously. Then he
suggested brightly: "why couldn't the staff
protect this gentleman by using language
(outlawing) a 'switch-blade with a blade
longer than three inches?'"
Schrade agreed this would help. But as
he shut his sample case, he politely took
the expensive knife back from Welker-
though leaving the two senators with a
fistful of smaller knives.
"I am glad you came," smiled Welker, "but
I wish you had brought some finer knives."
THE FIRST STEP in a smear campaign to
keep General Eisenhower out of the
White House is being circulated in Maine.
It's an unfair attempt to link Eisenhower
with the Communists.
The smear was printed by the so-called
Partisan Republicans of California (who-
ever they are), and was mailed to all
members of the Maine Republican Com-
mittee by GOP State Chairman Ralph
Masterson. But the interesting thing is
that the decision to .circulate this below-
the-belt propaganda was made at the
home of a U.S. senator who happens to
be masterminding the Taft-for-president
campaign-Sen. Owen Brewster of Maine.
The same smear sheet also unfairly at-
tacks Gov. Earl Warren of California and
ex-Governor Stassen of Minnesota, and
names them along with Eisenhower as the
"three principal 'prospects' which Commun-
ists and New Dealers are expected to try to
impose on the Republican ticket."
The smear sheet shows a cartoon of a lov-
ing Stalin pinning a medal on a chesty Eis-
enhower. Underneath is the caption: "when
an arch criminal decorates an individual,
this individual must have served him well."
Actually, Russia handed out medals to
several prominent Americans, and the Uni-
ted States decorated several prominent Rus-
sians during the wartime alliance.
In another twisted statement, the smear
sheet declares: "the Communist Party did
not officially support Eisenhower for the
presidency, but gave him a great ovation
and boost at their convention in New York
on May 20, 1944."
The anti-Eisenhower sheet also reports:
"Communists unanimously greeted three
great men, who were: Joseph Stalin, Mar-
shal Tito and Dwight Eisenhower. Since then
Tito has fallen into Soviet disfavor; as to
Eisenhower-we have no information one
way or the other."
s , *
-KEEPING THE RECORD STRAIGHT-
UST TO KEEP the record straight, it
should be remembered:
1. Eisenhower is the chief target of Com-
munist propaganda in Europe. The Com-
munists have plastered Western Europe with
anti-Eisenhower posters, and are doing their
best to sabotage Eisenhower's efforts to
build up a Western European Army.
2. The Communists also gave Senator
McCarthy a boost in his primary cam-
paign against ex-Senator La Follette of
Wisconsin. When newsmen asked Mc-
Carthy about his Communist support, he
replied: "the Communists have a right to
vote." Yet the Partisan Republicans of
California don't hold this against Mc-
3. Senator Brewster not only gave his per-
sonal okay to sending out the anti-Eisen-
hower literature at a time when he is try-
ing to fight Communism, but Ralph Master-
man, who actually mailed the smear sheets,
is Brewster's chief political lieutenant.
* * * -
ONE OF THE most sought-after jobs in
the Pentagon is held by Navy Comman-
der John P. Floyd, conference director for
the Secretary of Defense.
Floyd's job is to arrange the itinerary and
invitations to the Defense Department's
Joint Orientation Conferences. To these
conferences, held several times a year, are
invited industry leaders, professors, key pub-
lishers and other VIPs to visit various mili-
tary bases to study the defense program.
What makes Commander Floyd's job so
attractive is the precedent established by
some of the Defense Department's guests
who are invited to the orientation confer-
ences. Afterward he has received some hand-
-^ - f 4
The revolt announced by the Peron gov-
ernment may have been a genuine attempt
of army elements to overthrow the regime,
which has run into increasing dissatisfac-
tion over an ever rising cost of living.
Or it may have been encouraged-or even
staged-by the administration to provide a
new campaign issue for the Nov. 11 elections,
in which Peron is a candidate to succeed
himself. Such a maneuver is not new in
South American politics.
A revolution at a convenient time-if
put down-gives a South American gov-
ernment an excuse for crushing the op-
Behind the current developments, one of
Argentina's basic troubles is that it has had
little experience with constitutional govern-
ment as we understand it in this country.
In many ways more progressive than most
of the other Latin American republics, Ar-
gentina has followed the pattern of force
and violence in politics through many of its
141 years of independence.
It wasn't until 1851 that Argentina be-,
came stable enough to enact a federal
constitution. The secret ballot was intro-
duced only in 1910.
In the 20 years after the adoption of the
secret ballot, Argentina for a time seemed
on the road to effective democracy. But graft
became widespread and the army leaders
decided they again should become the arbi-
ters of the country's politics.
A successful military revolt in 1930 reim-
posed the old pattern: a military govern-
ment announced it would clean house, then
reestablish constitutional government. An
army general was reelected constitutional
president in 1931-with military support. A
civilian, Roberto M. Ortiz, followed in 1937.
Ortiz had popular support and he tried hard
to establish honesty in government and de-
mocratic practices in elections.
But a fatal illness forced Ortiz out of
office in 1940 and his successor, Ramon
S. Castillo, was swept from power by
another army revolt in 1943. Again army
leaders said graft and corruption forced
them to act.
The 1943 revolution brought Peron to the
center of the stage-and apparently he in-
tends to stay there s long as he can man-
T HE BELIEF that fashion alone should
dominate opinion has great advantages.
It makes thought unnecessary and puts the
highest intelligence within the reach of ev-
eryone. It is not difficult to learn the cor-
rect use of such words as "complex." "sad-
To the Editor:
[T APPEARS to me that there are
a lot of courtesies being over-!
looked by student and faculty carg
owners. Ann Arbor's bus service is
very poor and the bus schedule ist
totally useless to the student. As
many students as there are whor
hitch-hike, rides are amazinglyC
difficult to get. Empty studente
and faculty cars continually pass1
up hitch-hiking students. It's nott
out of the drivers' way and I can't1
see any danger in picking.up stu-
dents. Why not show a little cour-
tesy to those who have a long way
to walk and have no better means
Student Driving. -..
To the Editor.
S A car-owning Grad. studentt
it is my opinion that thei
Board of Regents' ban on student
driving is unreasonable and un-i
This antiquated law passed in1
1927 violates personal property1
rights. By what authority can a
Board of Regents restrict an
adult's use of an automobile in his1
private life in areas completelyt
distinct f r o m the University!
To illustrate the utter lack of
logic in this rule I want to pointc
out that if one were living one
and one half miles from the cam-
pus he'd be allowed to use his cart
because of t h e inconveniencei
which would otherwise result. Butt
if I wanted to drive a mile and
a half, or two or three, for per-
sonal reasons I would have toi
Do the powers-that-be expect
us, if allowed to drive, to go tear-
ing around the streets at ninety
miles per hour?
I believe that I, and other Grad.
students like me (plus most un-'
der-grads) are sufficiently mature 1
to handle a car safely even though
we have not yet reached the ma-!
gic age of twenty-six at which
time it is arbitrarily decided that 1
we will have suddenly becomeI
capable of handling a car in an
The time has come for the Uni-1
versity Officials and the Board ofi
Regents to re-examine the rules
governing motor-vehicle 'opera-1
tion by students.
Jackson's Football .,. .
To the Editor:
FOR SHAME, Mr. Jackson and!
Mr. Flint, for your criticism of1
If you felt football was a "poort
bargain" for the boys who play,s
why did you remain on the team?i
You claim you are expected tor
sacrifice studies for the sport-
how many professors can you
name who would allow you to do
that? I can remember quite a1
few who were especially strictI
with the players, making no con-
cession to their athletic activi-
ties. What about fellows like<
Wally Teninga, Stu Wilkins and'
the Elliotts (my vintage) who were
football stars, dated, and still had
International Incident . .
To the Editor:
THE latest squabble between:
Iran and the West now in
progressnat 335 Jefferson Street
leads one to suspect a test case
pertinent to that other interna-
tional drama of greater import.
Consider the evidence: the Amer-
ican bloc sign an agreement with
an authorized power who then
retires for a vacation (reasons of
health?); meanwhile, the Eastern
legalists negotiate with another
power (a usurper?) and claim the
right of possession. Enter the
western technicians replete with
paint can to convert and operate
the holdings to advantage. En-
ter, likewise, the Eastern hypno-
tist threatening to take over the
establishment. Dickering gets
out of hand and preliminary
skirmishing sees the establish-
ment of the "dirty clothes" cur-
tain. Law is bandied about with
implicit appeals to the Court, but
to no avail. Then the ominous
silence. Iranian reenforcements
are rushed from Detroit, while the
West sits tight. A local Harri-
man rushes pell mell one cold eve-
ning for instructions. Little re-
sult. Who will deliver the show-
down ouster demand now that the
embattled powers have broken off
negotiations? Can the Michigan
Yacht Club draw its fleet up on
the Huron in time to pose as an
effective threat? And so we wait.
One suspects that Attlee and Mos-
sadegh are watching and whiting
too. The possible precedent'is too
greatly needed to be overlooked.
To the belligerents, however, a
word or two. For the West: Guard
the bathroom day and night else
it be seized. For the East: A
policy of caution is probably best.
For the administration: the world
is watching you.
-Louis L. Orlin
Generation . .
To the Editor:
SOMEHOW OR OTHER Gener-
ation, Inter-Arts Magazine,
has survived its second year of
publication, amid jeers of "pre-
tentiousness," "high brow," and
much, very much worse, and is
now coming up for its third try.
There are a few people who have
worked fairly hard on this maga-
zine in the belief that a certain
amount of first-rate art work is
being produced in cellars and
garrets here and there around
campus, and that is would be
worthwhile if the best of this work
could be presented to a supposedly
interested campus audience.
At present there are many per-
manent positions, from managing
to maintain excellent grades in
such courses as pre-law?
Mr. Jackson, I suspect you
merely saw a good opportunity to
earn a fast buck by writing an
article you knew would "sell," a
good example of putting your
athletic activities to commercial
Mr. Flint, your editorial seemed
merely to ape the comments of
other sports writers. Before you
endorse Jackson's opinions, sup-
pose you supply some proof of his
charges against football as it is
editor on down to be secured by
petitioning The Board in Control
of Student Publications. If there
are any people who think that stu-
dent art work is important, and
think that their ideas and work
can make Generation a more ef-
fective and representative instru-
ment of the students, their views
and their work will be very cor-
dially welcomed by the present
There will be an organizational
and policy meeting open to all who
are interested on Tuesday at four-
thirty in the Generation offices,
where we hope to make the sin-
cerity of our welcome something
more than words, mere words.
-Allan Hanna and Donald Hope,
Acting co-editors, Generation
THE ULTIMATE AIM of govern-
ment is not to rule, nor to
restrain by fear, nor to exact obe-
dience, but contrariwise, to free
every man from fear, that he may
live in all possible security; in oth-
er words, to strengthen his natur-
al right to exist and to work with-
out injury to himself or others. No,
the object of government is not
to change men from rational be-
ings into beasts or puppets, but to
enable them to develop unshack-
led; neither showing hatred, ang
er, or deceit, nor watched with the
eyes of jealousy and injustice. In
fact, the true aim of government
T HERE ARE, of course, econo-
mic inequalities everywhere,
but in a democratic regime they
tend to diminish, whereas under
an oligarchy they tend to in-
crease. And wherever an oligarchy
has power, economic inequalities
threaten to become permanent
owing to the modern impossibility
of successful rebellion.
MAN IS the only animal of which
I am thoroughly and cravenly
afraid. I have never thought much
of the courage of a lion-tamer. In-
side 'the cage he is at least safe
from other men. There is not much
harm in a lion. He has no ideals,
no religion, no chivalry, no genti-
lity; in short, no reason for des-
troying anything he does not want
ONE CAN give a really unbiased
opinion only about things that
do not interest one, which is no
doubt the reason an unbiased
opinion is always valueless. The
man who sees both sides of a ques-
tion is a man who sees absolutely
T IS NOT so important to be
serious as it is to be serious
about the important things. The
monkey wears an expression of
seriousness which would do credit
to any college student, but the
mpnkey is serious because he
-Robert Maynard Hutchins
Hugh Loughery, Speech; thesis: "The
Rhetorical Theory of John Cardinal
Newman," Mon., Oct. 1, 3211 Angell
Hall, 4 p.m. Chairman, W. M. Sattler.
Psych. 31 Lee. A students: Anyone
having TuTh. at 10 free, come to Psych.
31 Office or telephone ext. 2237 on
Mon., Oct. 1.
Latin 31: Beginning Mon., Oct. 1.
the class will meet in 406 Library.
General and specfic questions abouc
the Michigan Fraternity System will
be answered by Rushing Councilors
available between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. on
the third floor of the Unio until Oct.
Congregational - Disciples Guild:
FOOTBALL OPEN HOUSE following
the game, Guild House, 438 Maynad,
Hawaii Club. First social from 7:30-
12 midnight in Lane Hall. Former
members are urged to bring guests.
Dancing and refreshments.
Sophomore women can try out for
Sophomore Cabaret floorshow Tues.,
Oct. 2 from 7 to 9 p.m. and on Wed.,
Oct. 3 from 2 to 5 p.m. and 7 to 9 p.m.
The room number will be posted at the
League. There are chorus and princi-
pal parts in singing and dancing both.
The Interdisciplinary Seminar for ap-
plication of Mathematics to social
Sciences will hold the first meeting on
Oct. 5, 1007 Angell Hall.
Men planning to rush a social fra-
ternity this semester MUST REGISTER,
with the Interfraternity Council be-
tween 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. in the Michi-
gan Union Lobby before Wed., Oct. 3.
Rushing - will begin with Fraternity
Open Houses from 2-6 p.m., Sun., Sept.
U. of M. Student Players, production
crew meeting, Mon., Oct. 1, 4 p.m.,
Garden Room, League.
The International Students' Associa-
tion: First meeting on Mon., Oct. 1,
7:30 p.m., International Center. All in-
terested foreign students and their
friends plus the delegate of the clubs
associated with the I.S.A. are urged to
Women's Research Club. First regu-
lar meeting, Mon., Oct. 1, 8 p.m., West
Lecture R o o m, Rackham Building.
Speaker: Miss Adelia Beeuwkes, Asso-
ciate Professor of Public Health Nu-
trition. "Some Observations on Diet
and its Relation to Longevity." For-
mer members are extended an invi-
tation to renew their association with
the club this year.
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity. Meeting,
Sun., Sept. 30, 2 p.m., Room 3-D, Un-
ion. All former members and transfer
studentsare urged to attend. Bring
Sigma Alpha Iota: First formal bus-
iness meeting, Mon., Oct. 1, 9 p.m.,
League. All former members please at-
tend. Transfer SAI's are especially wel-
Volunteer Research Reserve Unit 9-3.
Meeting, Mon., Oct. 1, 18 Angell Hall,
7:30 p.m. Cmdr. Harold Alen will re-
port on the ONR Seminar hld In June.
Mrs. Harlan Hatcher will give a tea
for the MICHIGAN DAMES on Mon.,
Oct. 1, 4 to 6 p m,. League.
At The Orpheum . *
TH7 WALLS OF MALAPAGA with Jean
Gabin, Isa Miranda and Vera Talchi;
Directed by Rene Clement.
THERE is a quality about the films of
post-war Italy that set them apart as
cinematic experiences. It does no slander
to Hollywood to say that even their best
(e.g. ALL ABOUT EVE, CHAMPION) do
not touch the moviegoer as do Italian films.
It is not because they are poorer pictures;
they are just a different kind of drama..
The difference between experiencing drama
in a conventional theatre and witnessing a
play in a theatre-in-the-round provides a
Through a camera technique that they
alone seem to have mastered, the Italians
have given their movies an intimacy that
produces an impact wholly unlike that of
pictures made in the rest of the world.
This kind of shooting from within re-
quires superb acting from the professionals
and complete naturalness from the ama-
teurs. The French-Italian cast of THE
WALLS OF MALAPAGA combine with the
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board of Control of
Chuck Elliott.........Managing Editor
Bob Keith ............ .... City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
Vern Emerson..........Feature Editor
Rich Thomas ..........Associate Editor
Ron Watts ......,....Associate Editor
Bob Vaughn........Associate Editor
Ted Papes..............Sports Editor
George Flint ...Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker ... Associate Sports Editor
Jan James...... ,.... Women's Editor
Jo Ketelhut, Associate Women's Editor
Bob Miller.........Business Manager
Gene Kuthy, Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ... Advertising Manager
Sally Fish..........Finance Manager
Stu Ward........Circulation Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during regular school
year: by carrier, $6.00; by mail, $7.00.
Inv~" 07 Tb* $a mwwt&. 0"
Pop, you know that wooden barrel youl
were saving? Is it okay to use it to
. ..t.. ,:.n ena' An, ,,aAd *nntc--
Me? No, hIhaven't touched them-
gues Papsays i