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September 28, 1951 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1951-09-28

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-McCARTHY RESOLUTION
See Page 4

4;
COLD AND FROST

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LXII, No. 4
lawyers Aet
To Eliminah
Communists
Stason Sponsors
Loyalty Clause
DETROIT-(P)-The State Ba
of Michigan yesterday put teet
in its machinery to disbar Corn
munists and other disloyal mem
k bers.
In doing so-only after livel
debate-it became the first so
4 called "integrated" state ba
group in the nation to follow th,
recommendation of the America:
' Bar Association's House of Dele
gates. An integrated bar require
y lawyers to join in order to prac
Lice.,
* * *
THE MICHIGAN lawyers, by
standing vote of 275 to 151, vote
to add an amendment to one a
its canons. Dean E. Blythe Sta
son of the University law depart
ment, sponsor of the amendment
said the move puts the groul
"four-square" against Commun
ists for the first time.
By voice votes, the members
also decided to have State Po-
lice investigate complaints of
disloyalty which might lead to
disbarment as well as charges
which might lead to criminal
prosecution.
Another amendment provide:
that State Police may report tc
the State bar's Board of Com-
missioners as well as law en-
forcement authorities.
*' * *
STASON CONCEDED that "nc
new legislation is necessary." He
said Communists could be dis-
barred under present canons as
well as prosecuted under Michi-
gan law.
But he argued that advocat-
ing violent overthrow of the
government is a "crime of moral
turpitude" and "such offenses
should be condemned in clear
and unambiguous terms."
Opponents of the amendments
argued that they would lead tc
"McCarthyism within the state
bar," would result in "guilt by as-
sociation"
~Boyle Admits
Taking Eight
Agency Cases
WASHINGTON-(P)- William
M. Boyle, Jr., acknowledged before
a Senate inquiry group yesterday
that while serving as "acting
chairman" of the Democratic Na-
'tional Committee ,he accepted eight
profitable legal cases involving
government agencies.
The value of the fees involved
was estimated by Senator Nixon
(R-Calif.) at $158,000.
BUT THE Democratic Party
!chief denied hotly that he had
done anything wrong, and Presi-
dent Truman told, his news con-
ference nothing has developed to
shake his confidence in Boyle.
"I never asked a favor from a
government agency in my life,"
Boyle told the Senate's investi-
gations subcommittee. The group
is looking into his relations with
the American Lithofold Corp., a
St. Louis printing firm which has
obtained $14,000,000 worth of
government contracts.

Boyle contended he had been
"vindicated" when he ended his
testimony before the subcommit-
tee yesterday.
Earlier in the proceedings Boyle
denied under oath that he had used
his political position for personal
profit, and readily agreed to let
-the senators scrutinize his income
tax returns for 1949 and 1950.
South Quad Blaze
Draws Firemen
, South Quadrangle, huge new
men's residence hall, got its initi-
ation to the hazards of fire yes-
terday.
Mattresses jammed into an in-
cinerator room in the East Wing
caught fire shortly before 4:30
p.m. The blaze was discovered
by Prof. Lowell J. Carr of the so-
ciology department whose office
is nearby.
' Three fire trucks rushed to the
scene but the flame had already

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1951~

SIX PAGES

Blame Oil Head
For Iran Crisis
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the third in a series of articles based on inter-
views with members of the University's eight man expedition to the Middle
East.
By ZANDER HOLLANDER
The responsibility for the fiasco at Abadan rests with one man,
Sir William Fraser, chairman of the board of the Anglo-Iranians Oil
Co., a University geographer just back from the Middle East charged
yesterday.
Prof. Douglas D. Crary, a member of the University's eight-man
expedition, said that Fraser refused stubbornly to acknowledge Iranian
demands for greater royalties from the company.
* * * *
HE ALSO REFUSED to compromise at all on royalty payments
because he thought that "Iran was broke and would settle for any-
thing it could get."
In pursuing this course of action, Prof. Crary said, Fraser
ignored the advice of the United States and even the warnings
of the British Foreign Office.
The' Anglo-Iranian stand, Prof. Crary inferred, was part of a
"minor economic war" which Britain is carrying out against this
country in the Middle East.
ANGLO-IRANIAN refused to increase the royalty because the
funds would be used to implement the program of an American firm,
Overseas Consultants, Inc., Prof. Crary said. The firm was hired
by the Shah of Iran to develop his country.
Overseas Consultants quit Iran in disgust earlier this year,
claiming lack of cooperation as the reason.
Noting the contour of Iranian valleys, the geographer warned
that the situation, in that country has undermined all our progress
in erecting a Greek-Turkish barrier to Soviet movement into the
Middle East.
A Soviet invasion, or a "Communist-inspired uprising in Azer-
baijan" would flank those countries and sweep down to the Persian
Gulf and Red Sea through now-weakened Iran. .
* * . *
WHILE IN THE Middle East, Crary did extensive work in south-
ern Iraq, just north of the oil-rich Basra area.
Here, in a swamp extending over hundreds of square miles,
formed by the overflow and rerouting of the Tigris and Euphrates
Rivers nearly 500 years ago, he studied the marsh Arabs, a semi-
amphibious Arab civilization.
These people, never studied before, build their homes on com-
poste heaps in the swamp or on rafts of floating reeds. The latter
type of village is often blown miles from its point of construction by
winds.'
Tm*B* * *t
TrumanUrges ritis

Reds Hold Truce
Silence; Bradley
Leaves for Tokyo

KKK HONOR GUARD-The funeral procession of Atlanta's first Korean war victim, Corp. John
Sanders, passes through a Ku Klux Klan honor guard at the U. S. military cemetery in Marietta,
Georgia. The Korean veteran's Ifather, A. M. Sanders of Atlanta said both he and his son were
members of the hooded order. Klan members "attended at the family's request."

'U'- To iHear
Cow Colleg
A new song dedicated to Michi-
gan State College and all it stands
for, "Cow College Chant," will be
introduced to Ann Arbor at 7:15
tonight at a "Beat State" pep
rally.
The song, reportedly written by
five campus BMOC's, will be
taught rally-goers in preparation
for its offiril- i A lf b t t

House its Moody
In F inance Dispute

3
7
Y
X
I
Gr

WASHINGTON - (AP) - The
House yesterday criticized Senator
Moody (D-Mich.) for statements
he made about Rep. Meader (R-
Mich.) in a Senate speech.
It asked the Senate to take "ap-
propriate action" - which Rep.
Hoffman (R-Mich.) said meant re-
moving Moody's remarks from the
record. Hoffman sponsored the
House resolution which was adopt-

o Avod Force in Iran
BULLETIN Shah, the British Cabinet decide
LONDON (- A Reuters to stand pat on hopes for a re.
LONDN (A - Reuersversal of the ouster.
News Agency dispatch from Teh.
ran, Iran said yesterday Iranian There was no immediate in-
troops have seized complete con- dication whether t h e Shah
trol of the huge refinery at would intervene.
Abadan and barred the entrance.
of British personnel. The British claim the Shah fa
vors a moderate course, but h
LONDON-(R)-President Tru- was reported irritated over 3ri
man stepped into the ominous oil tam 's rebuff to Iran's proposa
controversy yesterday with an ap- last week to renew oil negotiation,
peal to Iran not to throw the on Iran's terms.
British out of the Abadan re- * *
finery. MR. TRUMAN intervened a,
Qualified sources said the Pres- peace-maker in the oil nationali
ident also counseled the British zation dispute in response to ar
against the use of armed force urgent message Wednesday from
to protect property in Iran. Pr Mini tt
Pime Mnster Attlee.
AMERICAN policy in the past
has held that force could not be INTERNA TIONAJ
justified unless it is needed to1
save British lives.
Iran threatened to blow up
the refinery, the world's largest, 1rAn ian
if the British do land at Aba-
dan.
The British cabinet met in ur- By CRAWFORD YOUNG
gent session and sent off a mes- An international tempest-in-a
sage asking Iran's Shah Mo- teapot was hovering over the cam
hammed Reza Shah Pahlevi to pus yesterday, as an Iranian an
have his government revoke its threesAmerican students we i
ouster order. Under it, the 317 tre-Aeia tdnswr
ousteorder.ngnBrershiten317squaring off in a last-ditch battle
remaining British oil technicians for an attic apartment,
must leave Iran by next Thurs- I seemsaeac party
day. It seems each party signed a
*day*contract with a separate person
AFTER MAKING the appeal to for the garret rooms at 335 E. Jef-

d
1
ie
i-
is
Ls
i-
n

.. L' ca $ 4cl____eU_ a tomor-_
row s game.
* * *W rld News
THE RALLY will assemble in
front of the Union at 7 :15 pj.f
After a torchlight processionRo
down State Street led by theo n
Michigan Marching Band. the By The Associated Press
traditional rally bonfire will be LONDON-King George VI yes-
aze. terday appointed a Council of
Featured attraction when the State, including his queen and his
cry of "Roll 'em up!" begins daughters, to act for him during
will be former All-American the long period of his recovery
football player Harry Kipke, from a lung operation.
who was head coach at the h~
University from 1929 to 1937. WASHINGTON --Attorney
Len Wilcox, '52, president of General McGrath said yesterday
Student Legislature, wid also he is ordering a Federal Grand
speak on behalf of the students. msur acinvestiurancelast s -
ero. rIr.
As an added feature, nimble ero, Ill
fingered twirlers will put on a WASHINGTON-President Tru-
special exhibition and the band man last night ordered the Office
will present a novelty number. of Price Stabilization to withdraw
Co-sponsors of the rally, the instructions it had issued to its
Wolverine Club and Student Leg- employes not to make public any
islature, have expressed the hope information that "might cause ent-
that freshmen will turn out barrassment to the OPS."

ed, without objection, by a voice
vote.
Moody countered with a
statement that "the parliamentar-
ian of the Senate has confirmed
Imy understanding that nothing
in the rules of the Senate prevents
the mention of the name. of a
member of the other body (The
House) on the floor "
The House resolution said
Moody's language was a "breach
of privilege" that reflected on
Meader's character and was
"calculated to create unfriendly
Srelations" between the House
1j and Senate.
It all grew out of a statement
by Meader last week that Howard
Hunt, finance director for the
Michigan Democratic State Cent-
ral Committee was soliciting party
rcontributions from postmaster
candidates.
MOODY CHARGED in a Sen-
ate speech Wednesday that Meader
had accused the Democratic Party
in Michigan of "selling postmaster-
ships. Moody called this a "politi-
cal smear."
Meader, in a statement yester-
day, denied he had made any job
selling charge.
"I did charge," he said, "that
the Democratic State Central
Committee of Michigan seemed to
be exacting contributions from ap-
plicants for positions ii the Post
Office Department."

TOKYO-(P)-Communist lead-
ers yesterday were silent on what
could be the United Nations Com-
mand's last effort to revive the
withering Korean armistice talks.
The command yesterday sug-
gested moving the conference out
of Kaesong. Later an Allied state-
ment said the Reds were suspect-
ed of trying to goad the UN into
breaking off the armistice nego-
tiations.
AT THIS critical period, Gen.
Omar Bradley, chairman of the
Graft Lawe
Demanded
ByTruman
WASHINGTON-(P}-President
Truman, taking note of charges
that graft is "running rampant,"
asked Congress yesterday for swift
passage of a law to expose the
total income of all top U.S. offi-
cials each year-including the law-
makers.
In a dramatic and unheralded
move, the President said it should
be spread on the public record
exactly how much money, gifts or
loans are received by those re-
sponsible for running the nation.
* * *
HE SAID the list should include
members of Congress themselves
as well as cabinet members, gen-
erals, admirals, judges, all high-
salaried government employes, and
bigwigs of both major political
parties.
Mr. Truman urged the law-
makers in a special message to
enact the legislation promptly
as an important step to prevent
"improper conduct" and guard
against "unfounded suspicions."
Mr. Truman said the truth
should be known, partly because
there has been "a deliberate ef-
fort to discredit the government
service."
The President also diisclosed he
had suspended the ,Collector of
Internal Revenue at San Francisco
on grounds of "incompetency" and
the Revenue Bureau announced
the suspension of eight others in
the same office, one of them ac-
cused of embezzlement and one
charged with- juggling accounts.
Mr. Truman, in his proposal,
suggested violations be punished
on the same basis as violations of
the income-tax laws.

Joint Chiefs of Staff, headed by
plane for Tokyo from Washing-
ton. He will hold top-level con-
ferences with Allied leaders.
The timing of his visit led to
immediate speculations in Tok-
yo that he was, bringing new
and important instructions to
Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, Su-
preme UN Commander.
While the Communists were of-
ficially silent, the Peiping radio
heaped scorn on UN liaison offi-
cers and said their "postpone-
ment" of a liaison meeting yester-
day was "childish." Actually, the
-UN liaison officers announced
they were ready to meet but the
Reds did not reply.
* * *
COMMUNIST liaison officers,
meeting with Allied liaison men
at Kaesong this week, refused to
discuss anything but a time and
date for resuming the talks.
The Allies have contended
that Kaesong is unsuitable as
a site for the talks because it
is so near the battlelines. The
Reds have charged the Allies
with numerous violations of the
neutral zone around the city
but continued to insist that the
talks resume there.
In nominating Songhyon,
Ridgway said the full five-man
delegations should gather there as
soon as possible after a prelimin-
ary meeting to "discuss immedi-
ate erection of the necessary pay-
sical facilities."
MEANWHILE, Communist
troops loosed attacls up to reg
mental strength in Central and
Eastern Korea yesterday, touching
off battles that still raged today.
American and French infantry-
men, however, kept up the pres-
ure on Red-held "Heartbreak
Ridge" in Eastern Korea. They
renewed assaults only yards from
the top of the highest peak.
The rash of Communist attacks
began yesterday and stretched
from the iron triangle area of
Central Korea eastward to the
punchbowl in the mountainous
east.
Conferees OK
$7.5 Billion
In Foreign Aid
WASHINGTON - (A)-Senate-
House conferees yesterday ap-
proved a $7,483,400!000 foreign aid
bill setting up a new super agency
to boss the entire program of eco-
nomic -and military aid to the
non-Communist world.
Under the bill, the Economic
Cooperation Administration, which
now administers economic aid to
the Marshall p 1 a n countries,
would be abolished.
As a replacement for ECA, Pres-
ident Truman would be author-
ized to establish a new "Mutual
Security" Agency and appoint a
$22,500-a-year director with
sweeping powers. The director
would have his head-quarters in
the White House.
The approved authorization is
roughly $1,000,000,000 less than
President Truman requested. It is
$197,150,000 more than the Senate
approved a n d $15,350,000 less
than the House voted.
'The Southerner'
Fails To Arrive
"The Southerner" may be show-
ing in Kansas City this week-end,
or in Walla Walla, Wash., but it
will not be shown in Ann.Arbor,
as scheduled by the SL Cinema
Guild.

Members of the. Cinema Guild
who have been keeping watch at
every regional bus depot, air port,
freight yard and post office these
past 48 hours finally announced
with every shred of dignity they
could assemble for the occasion
"Due to circumstances beyond our
control ..."
Marching angrily off into the
night one member was heard

L 'TEAPOT TEMPEST':
s, Three Americans Vie for Apartment

K
6-
L-
A
le
a
n

* * * * * *

After some preliminary dick-
ering, the Iranian high command
ordered the Americans out of
the disputed territory. The
Americans immediately rejected
the ultimatum and set about
* barricading their half of the
rooms with baggage, dirty cloth-
ing, books and paint cans.
By this time, the situation was
becoming critical. Negotiations
were abruptly broken off, and a
stony silence was maintained from
the Iranian quarters. Relations
< were deteriorating rapidly -- the
affair was ripe for a blow-up.
Ii * * *

'Ensian Calls
For Tryouts
Tryouts for the 1952 Michigan-
ensian staff will be welcomed into
the 'Ensian fold Monday and Tues-
day of next week.
At 4 p.m. Monday there will be
a meeting in the Student Publica-
tions Building for any students
interested in the 'Ensian editorial
staff. Prospective business staff
tryouts will meet in the Publica-
tions Building at 4 p.m. Tuesday.
Meanwhile, 'Ensian senior pic-
tures are being taken during the
evening three days a week to ac-
commodate students with large
schedules.
Appointments for the 'Ensian
senior section pictures may be
made from 2 to 5:30 p.m. Monday
through Friday in the Student

ferson. Both have set up camp in
the smallish quarters, and are pre-
pared to squat it out to the bitter
end.
THE FRACAS all started when
the landlord signed a contract with
Joe Savin, '53, Chet Miller, '52,
and Mayer Zald, '53, and then
went to California on a vacation.
Meanwhile, two Iranian stu-
dents, Amir Noordakhsh, Grad,
and Hassein Saleh, Grad, who
had been occupying the apart-
mentbduring the summer
months, negotiated an agree-
ment with the landloard's ne-
phew to renew their lease on the
rooms.
The Iranian delegation, in the,
person of Saleh, who doubles as a
graduate law student and a skilled
hypnotist, arrived first and set up
housekeeping. Noordakhsh, who is
now in Detroit, is expected to rein-
force his embattled countryman
Tuesday.

BY THE EARLY PART of this
week, veiled hints of coercion be-
gan to seep out from Iranian head-
quarters. Threats of court action,
presumably on a charge of break-
ing and entering, were circulated.
The American camp responded
with counter-threats, and un-
confirmed reports indicate that
they too will shortly initiate civil
proceedings.
The international fracas now
stands at a stalemate, as rubbish
piles higher and higher in the
rooms. Both sides intimate that if
court action fails, the matter will
be laid before the UN Security
Council.
But it is strongly suspected by
both parties that eventually some-

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