J r4i g
CLOUDY AND COLD
See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXII, No. 69 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1951
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is fourth in a series of ten articles
outlining the separate bases of religious faith in our time. They
are not intended to be all-inclusive, but they do represent a sin-
cere attempt to encompass accurately, within the available space,
the complexities of religious beliefs today
The writer would like to thank the Rev. Fr. Frank B. Mc-
Phillips, rector of St.%Mary's Chapel, for furnishing much of the
information presented in this article.)
By CHUCK ELLIOTT
Daily Managing Editor
The Roman Catholic Church was the first Christian Church.
This fact, while it may seem a truism, is deeply essential to the
whole faith; in the minds of Catholics, it establishes that religion as
the original and true one, and allows them to feel confident about
: the validity of Catholic precepts.
UNTIL THE tenth century, practically the entire Christian
Church was recognized as one. Stemming from te appointment by
Jesus Christ of the Apostle Peter as "chief of the Apustles," and con-
tinuing through the succession of the Bishops of Ron%, the Catholic
Church embraced virtually all species of Christianity for a thousand
r years. Then, divergent views forced the split-off of a considerable
portion of several Near East nations, and the history of the church
since then involves many further cleavages of a both major and minor
Through all these splits-which caused the adoption of the
term ROMAN, to, distinguish the Church from the seccesional
groups-the Catholic organization has tried to maintain, as best
it can, the interpretations and principles which they started out
with. Essentially, therefore, the Roman Catholic religion is not
only the oldest Christian faith-it is, in a sense, the most con-
servative as well.
The hierarchical organization of the Church helps to maintain
consistency of doctrine, according to the Rev. Fr. Frank B. McPhillips,
rector of St. Mary's Catholic Student Chapel.
There is no individual determination of doctrinal points. For ex-
ample, Catholics believe that God is the supreme being, existing by
Himself, and upon whom all else depends, Father McPhillips said. A
person can exercise powers of reason toward finding out more about
His attributes, but can only go so far. At this point reliance must
be placed on what God has chosen to reveal about Himself-that He
is in three persons: the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.
FATHER McPHILLIPS emphasized that the God of the Catholic
is definitely a personal one-that He has an intellect and will, and
is interested in the individual actions of men. Further, God has an
infinite love for everyone; control is not a matter of fear. He in fact
became man in the person of Jesus Christ, who represents the concept
of God and man in a single being.
Man, on the other hand, "is a creature composed of body and
soul, and made to the image and likeness of God." Taken from
the Catechism, this statement can be supplemented, Father Me-
Phillips pointed out, by the belief that man possesses three god-
like attributes: intelligence, free will, and immortality. Whether
he uses or misuses his free-will determines the degree to which
he achieves union with God in after-life.
A Catholic views the after-world as having four basic divisions:
Hell, Purgatory, Limbo, and Heaven. The attainment of heaven, ac-
cording to Father McPhillips, is the destiny God has planned for all
men. This, in turn, means union of the soul with God-which is the
most perfect state imaginable, and lasts for eternity. But while this
is the destiny planned for men, it cannot be reached unless certain
prime requisites are met.
See RELIGIOUS, Page 4
Jewish Fraternity Views
On Admissions Reported
(Editor's Note: This is the fourth in a series of articles dealing with the
findings of a survey on attitudes of fraternity men concerning admission
of minority group members. The survey was conducted by the Research
Center for Group Dynamics at the request of the Inter-Fraternity Council.)
By HARLAND BRITZ and CRAWFORD YOUNG
Jewish fraternity men are more liberal in their admission views
than are non-Jewish fraternity men, the Group Dynamics-IFC survey
Close to three-fourths of the Jews reported willingness to admit
non-Jews with no strings attached. Only six per cent report that
they are not willing to admit non-Jews.
(This compares with 33 per cent of the non-Jews who were
willing to admit Jews and the 26 per cent of the non-Jews who ob-
jected to admitting Jews.)
'U' May Take
By CAL SAMRA
President Harlan H. Hatcher
told the Board in Control of Inter-
collegiate Athletics last night that
the "national athletics picture has
been magnified to such an extent
that we may have to reconsider
policy and take a positive stand."
Following the president's speech,
the Board held a closed meeting
and discussed what a spokesman
termed 'broad aspects of the ath-
* * *
THE SAME source said that the
Board h a d discussed "plans
which he did not detail.
It was also reported that Prof.
Harry C. Carver's criticisms of
Athletic Director Fritz Crisier
were not brought up at the
meeting.. Prof. Carver had re-
cently protested what he called
Crisler's "one-man control" of
Arthur Brandon, director of
University Relations, later empha-
sized that the session served only
as an orientation meeting for
President Hatcher at which "poli-
cies and procedures. were dis-
PRIOR TO the closed meeting,
the president had suggested to
Board members that any positive
stand would have to be taken only
"after thorough deliberation by'
He continued his speech with
the following explanations:
"The central concern of the
University," he said, "is for the
education, in its broadest sense,
of the young men and women en-
trusted to its care.
"ATHLETICS of all kinds are
traditionally and properly a signi-
ficant part of an educational pro-
gram. For many reasons, the sin-
gle sport of football has become
the most spectacular of the activ-
ities and engages the widest pub-
"The University," he contin-
ued, "takes pride in the accom-
plishments of its athletes in all
sports, as it does in the accom-
plishments of all of its students"
participating in extra-curricular
"There has been, and is now, a
fine tradition of great amateur
sportsmanship at the University.
The quality and the capabilities of
the men whom it has turned out
are a sound assurance of the right-
ness of the program.
"Wherever difficulties have been
encountered, they have arisen in
places where these fundamentals
have been disregarded cr sacrifi-
ced for other ends. We expect
that the University will continue
on its high and honorable course."
Allies Whip Reds
In Air; Prisoners'
By The Assocated Press
The Red Air Force took one of its worst lickings of the Korean
war yesterday while in Munsan the fate of 100,000 Allied prisoners
of war was still as great a mystery as it was five months ago at the
start of the truce talks.
SABRE JET PILOTS ran wild and shot down 13 Communist MIG
fighters in two fierce air battles.
America's latest jet ace.personally destroyed four MIGs.
In the greatest all-jet victory -
of the war, two more MIGs prob-
ably were destroyed and another
one damaged for a total of 16 Fratern
I destroyed or damaged I r-
TENSION MOUNTS . . . Two British soldiers train their machine gun over Suez rooftops in the
face of increasing tension in the Anglo-Egyptian crisis.
Truman Plans Agency
To Remove Corruption
WA6HINGTON-(O)-President Truman indicated yesterday he
will soon set up a special house-cleaning agency to sweep out corrup-
tion in government and oust wrongdoers "no matter who they are
or how big they are."
But the President said emphatically he is not going to dismiss
Attorney General McGrath or Chairman Frank McKinney of the
Democratic National Committee, both of whom have been under fire.
* ** *
MR. TRUMAN HIT STRONGLY at government officials having
outside interests-such as a law practice-which might conflict with
-- - official duties. Something is go-
CAIRO, Egypt-(P)-Egypt an-
nounced yesterday 'the recall of
Ambassador Abdel Fattah Amr
Pasha from London in protest
against "British aggrer.sion" in the
Suez Canal zone.
The cabinet also ordered the
transfer of the technical office of
t h e Egyptian Communications
Ministry, chiefly a purchasing of-
fice, from London t6 Switzerland.
Department announced yesterday
that veteran diplomat John S. Ser-
vice has been dismissed following
a decision by the government's top
loyalty board that "there is a rea-
sonable doubt as to his loyalty."
In making this decision, the
Loyalty Review Board of the U.S.
Civil Service Commission in effect
reversed previous findings of the
State Department's own Loyalty
Service, in a statement issued
some two hours after a received
notice of his dismissal, called the
board's findings "a shock, a sur-
prise and an injustice."
"I am not now and never have
been disloyal," he said.
The State Department's board
on at least half a dozen occasions
over recent years has declared Ser.
vice to be neither disloyal nor a
Service has been under almosi
constant investigation, in Congress
and by loyalty boards, since Sena-
tor McCarthy (R-Wis.) made hir
one of the main targets of hi,
Reds-in-government charges last
ing to be done about that, he said. * : *
Discussing the nation-wide THESE MOVES were not a
tax scandals at 'a news confer- break-off of diplomatic relations.$
ence, Mr. Truman said his ad- The London Embassy may con-
ministrationrhasnalwayshtaken tinue operating under theCharge
drastic action against "wrong- D'Affaires, second in command.
doers" in its own midst. In London, the British Foreign
As to the forthcoming clean-up Office said it had received unof-
action, the President advised re- ficial word of the recall, but de-
porters to have a little patience- clined comment.
they would learn something later Informed sources in London said
in the week. And if he does set up at the same time that Britain has
San investigating group it will be no present intention of withdraw-
his own kind of committee. There ing British Ambassador Sir Ralph
was a Truman committee in the Stevenson from Cairo in retalia-
past, he said, recalling the Senate tion.
War Contracts inouiry committee __
he headed as a U.S. Senator earlyI
in World War II. City Flood
IN GENERAL, the President ap-
peared to minimize the scandalsE
that have broken in black head- _ _
The actions flared over north-
west Korea and blazed more than
135 air miles across the peninsula's
midriff to the East Coast Red port
A 31-YEAR-OLD Texan, Maj.
George A. Davis, of Lubbock, set.
a new record for U.S. jet pilots.
His blazing guns downed four Rus-
sian-built jets-two in the morn-
ing and two after lunch. This
brought his Korean bag to 12 in
16 days. He shot down seven Jap-
anese planes in World War II.
Yesterday's record kill of Red
jets failed to obscure a significant
development along parts of the
145-mile ground front.
This was the resumption Wed-
nesday and repetition yesterday
of Allied offensive raiding into
Communist lines. They were
the first aggressive Allied ground
actions since the lull began
The actions were not large, but
were larger than normal patrols,
and they carried the fight to the
enemy on the ground.
MEANWHILE in Munsan Unit-
ed Nations negotiators yesterday
declared ,there was something
"sinister" about the Communist
refusal to produce a list of U.N.
soldiers they hold as prisoners.
Lt. Col. Howard A. Levie, offi-
cial UN spokesman said "stalling"
by the Reds on the questions of
prisoner exchange and means of
supervising the armistice might
be because the Communist dele-
gates were waiting for new instruc-
The Allies want to know where
the Red prison camps are and
how many POWs are in each one
before an exchange point, such
as Panmunjom, is agreed upon.
The mystery was whether Allied
soldiers held in Red stockades
number anywhere near the 100,-
000 who are missing.
Jack Rose, '52Ed., was elected
president of the education school
senior class yesterday.
Also elected to office were Pete
Kinyon, vice-president; Marylin
Yarmain, secretary; and Monroe
Indications of a wide split in
;he fraternity system on campus
were widespread yesterday in the
wake of the Interfraternity Coun-
il's controversial discriminatory
In a heated meeting Wednesday
Zight, the House Presidents As-
;embly had passed a resolution by
%22-17 count opposing any plans
for IFC pressure seeking removal
Af bias clauses, from constitutions
f an estimated 14 houses.
* e *
SEVERAL FRATERNITY presi-
lents indicated that copies of the
so-called Acacia proposal had been
received by their houses too late
for consideration at chapter meet-
ings previous to the IFC session.
A plan for requiring Michigan
chapters with clauses to intro-
duce and back motions at na-
tional conventions for purging
of the clauses or face loss of IFC
recognition was not submitted to
the presidents in printed form.
It was recommended by an IFC-
Student Leislature sudy group
but rejected by the IFC Execu-
tive Council who recommended
that the question be left to in-
dividual houses themselves.
George Qua; '52, one of two op-
ponents to the adopted plan on
the Executive Cknmittee, warned
"the campus not to hold all fra-
ternities responsible for the act,
We aren't going to give up."
Recognition of the chasm was
also registered by Sigma Phi presi-
dent Tom Roderick, '52. "The IF
cannot be treated as a single body
anymore," Roderick said. "On this
question, there are now two strong-
ly opposed groups."
STUDENT Legislature president
Len Wilcox expressed great disap-
pointment with the IFC action.
However, he doubted that a new
SL time-limit resolution could win
The SL Human Relations Com-
mittee will begin work on the
matter at a meeting at 4:15 p.m.
today. Following the IFC move
Wednesday, the Legislature pas-
sed amotion to again consider
action on the bias issue.
IFC President Jack Smart, '52,
emphasized yesterday that "This
is an official IFC policy which re-
presents the viewpoint of the ma-
jority of fraternity men on cam-
Smart said he saw "no reason
why the IFC's education program
will not continue to result in the
removal of bias clauses."
Issues to YR's
Ci tg the Republican Party as
the "broom to sweep clean," State
Auditor General, John Martin, Jr.
presented domestic and foreign
election issues to the Young Re-
publicans last night.
In reference to the recent scan-
dals in the administration, Mar-
tin asserted that the "Republican
Party is the only instrument which
will be able to clean House."
THE AVOWED candidate for
the Republican nomination to the
Senate predicted that "deep free-
lines around the Justice Depart-
ment and the tax-collecting Bur-
eau of Internal Revenue in recent
He predicted with an air of con-I
fidence that the current wave of
scandals will not become an issue
in the 1952 presidential elections.
TUCUMCARI, N.M.-OP)-A big
steel water tank, splitting like a
melon, loosed a deadly 1,250,000-
gallon torrent and killed four per-
sons in downtown Tucumcari yes-
There was quick suspicion of
sabotage, but City Manager A. J.
Fleming said he was reserving
judgment on this pending an of-
He also revised downward orig-
inal estimates that damage would
mount into millions. Fleming said
$500,000 should cover all losses,
By The Associated Press
including private property.
THE REMAINING 20 per cent
of the Jewish men claim they will
consider admitting non-Jews if
the majority of their house is for
it, or if it concerns outstanding
And in the same direction, 49 per
cent of the men in Jewish fratern-
ities are willing to admit Negroes
to their groups. Only 17 per cent
said that they would not be willing
to admit, while 34 per cent fell in
the intermediate category.
These figures are also quite
different from the non-Jewish
men, 49 per cent of whom were
opposed to admitting tNegroes
and 21 per cent of whom were
willing to admit them.
These figures of Jewish men,
however, do not mean that there
are not significant differences in
opinion within a house or from
house to house.
In the report-back sessions that
followed the original survey, Jew-
ish opinion sometimes indicated
that this willingness is not as great
as the figures suggest-but the
general consensus (75 per cent)
was that they were accurate.
A great many more Jews than
non-Jews also reported that they
saw the discrimination problem as
a campus problem.
hirty-eight per cent of the Jews
felt this way as compared to only
nine per cent of the non-Jews.
Only 12 per cent of the Jews felt
that it wasn't a problem while 41
per cent of the non-Jews felt this
IN AN ATTEMPT to find how
willing Jewish men would be to
join non-Jewish houses, the sur-
vey found that only six per cent
would NOT consider joining a non-
Hits Junior Hicgh Level
The concerted drive to "de-emphasize" athletics has seeped down
to the junior high school level.
Protesting against "regimenting our youth in their early teens,"
Prof. Elmer D. Mitchell, chairman of the University's physical edu-
cation program for men, has leveled an attack on junior high school
* * * *
PROF. MITCHELL, whose views have the backing of the Ortho-
pedic Society of America and the White House Conference on Ele-
mentary Education, charged in a recent issue of the education school's
PITTSBURGH - The Federal
Government 'acted yesterday to
stave off a nation-wide steel strike
New Year's day.
Two ace mediators were flown
into Pittsburgh to take a hand
in apparently stymied wage talks
between the CIO United Steel-
workers and United States Steel
CHICAGO - A federal grand
jury investigating violent race
rioting in suburban Cicero last
July indicted four top village
officials and three policemen
Ask End of
Two special athletic committees,
representing a cross section of ma-
jor universities and colleges, re-
commended yesterday that bowl
games be abolished.
In Washington a group appoint-
ed by the American Council on
Education outlined a program de-
signed to supervise the athlete
from high school until he finishes
New Bias Policy Has
Effect on IFC Power
(Editor's note: The following is an interpretive article dealing with the
so-called Acacia plan passed by the Inter-fraternity Council Wednesday
night and the rejected recommendations of the IFC-Student Legislature
By BARNES CONNABLE
The new Interfraternity Council policy regarding discriminatory
clauses in fraternity constitutions is highly significant both in its ef-
fect on the bias issue and the power of the IFC.
ESSENTIALLY, the policy consists of the following points:
S1) "it is not within the scope of ?
the IFC to deny recognition to a
fraternity with (a bias) clause."
2) "the most desirable and
effective method for the removal
of these clauses is the action of
the individual fraternity with-
out any coercive threat."
3) "the IFC feels that it is with-
in its scope to assist any fraterni-
ties wishing to remove their dis-
criminatory clauses by providing
a counseling and information ser-
"Junior high school athletics
are wrong physiologically, psy-
chologically, sociologically, eco-
nomically, and educationally."
According to Prof. Mitchell, "the
excessive demands of highly-or-
ganized competition forces a boy
to continue beyond the natural
and newspaper publicity," he con-
The professor pointed out that
Americans have long been critical
of mass gymnastics or mass
marching as un-American, as be-
ing foreign to free individual initi-
based on a purported IFC power
to withdraw its recognition of
any fraternity for violation of
IFC regulations. According to
the committee's introduction,
suspension from IFC "consti-
tutes the loss of all fraternity
privileges which are regulated
by the IFC" including rushing.
This is the gist of the proposal
rejected by the Executive Commit-
1) "Any fraternity having (a
bias esause) must, after each na-
college. vice to such fraternities."
It included confining sports 4) "The service can be combined
romnentitintn tin tothrmelr season. i h + 1P Q ier2naoi m am