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See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXII, No. 60 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1951
Brl fish, Egpiig/ ting FlareBs Agal n 2
CLOUDY AND COOLER
CAIRO, Egypt -(AP)- Clashes
yesterday between Egyptians and
British troops in the Suez Canal
Zone, the most serious outbreak
of fighting that has yet occurred
there, brought death to 29 on both
sides, an Egyptian communique re-
A British account of the fight-
ing placed the number of dead at
11, both Egyptian and British.
* * *
THE EGYPTIAN Government
announcement said 68 Egyptian
police and civilians had been
wounded. The British said the
number of wounded was only four
Egyptians, but that two British
servicemen were missing.
The Egyptian report said the
fighting ceased in the late af-
ternoon, but the British said the
situation still was tense last
night, so tense that movement
within the area around the town
of Suez was impossible.
For the first time in the series
of clashes in the Canal Zone since
the beginning of the British-
Egyptian crisis in mid-October, the
British reported taking prisoners.
They said they had captured 25
THE FIGHTING shattered the
truce negotiated after a battle at
Ismalia on Nov. 18, in which 18
The communique of the Egyp-
tian Ministry of the Interior,
based on a report from the
Egyptian Governor of Suez, said
a column of 70 British armored
cars battled with Egyptian police
and auxiliary police for six hours
at the town's western entrance.
It said the British used rifles
and machineguns and "threatened
to use mortars" if the Egyptians
did not withdraw.
FIRING, it continued, was al-
most uninterrupted during the
whole period of the battle while
"ambulances shuttled between the
scene of battle and a hospital,
carrying British military and
Egyptian casualties as well."
The communique said the bat-
tle was touched off when some
British soldiers from the camp
near Suez opened fire on a group
of policemen whose truck had bro-
ken down and who were trying to
push the vehicle.
A spokesman at British Middle
East Headquarters in Fayid said
British patrols were now operating
in Suez City at the south end of
PARIS-(A)-The Western Pow-
ers attempted vainly today to draw
from Soviet Foreign Minister An-
drei Vishinsky a satisfactory an-
swer to whether Russia would
accept simultaneous international
control and prohibition of atomic
After two closed-door sessions,
informed sources indicated there
was no change in the conflicting
East-West positions on disarma-
ment. But there was a long ex-
change of views in what UN As-
sembly President L u i s Padilla
Nervo described as a cordial man-
The four powers are meeting
under the chairmanship of Padilla
Nervo in an attempt to find out
by Dec. 10 whether they can agree
on anything about arms limitation.
They will meet again today for
another round. The four delega-
tions and Padilla Nervo make up
a sub-committee of the UN As-
An American spokesman said
U.S. Ambassador Philip C. Jessup
tried to determine from Vishinsky
whether Russia would accept sim-
ultaneous prohibition of the ato-
SEASON'S GREETINGS-Having successfully evaded hunters in their trek from the North Pole,
Donner and Blitzen, St. Nick's prize reindeers, pause reflectively at Jones Park while school children
crowd around in admiration. Sponsored by the Ann Arbor Retail Merchants Association, Santa and
his reindeer paid a special visit yesterday afternoo n, touring the city and winding up at the park in
late afternoon for the benefit of the kids. As it was nearing dinnertime, Blitzen could not resist nib-
bling on the little girl's sleeve.
Foreign Students R evise Ideas of U.S.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
first in a series of articles on how
Americans appear to foreign students.
The writer, a Fulbright scholar, was
formerly on the editorial staff of
Corrieri di Napoli, a prominent Nea-
By ALDO CANONICI
To almost every foreigner you
Americans put the question: "Did
you find the United States differ-
ent from what you expected?"
The answer is yes. Maybe bet-
ter or worse, but surely different.
Some of the reasons for our
confused idea about America are
the books, magazines and films
which have been the only things
we have had upon which to base
The American people we have
known were in most cases GI's
who were brought to our father-
lands by the war. The military'
life of these men could hardly be
considered typical of the life of
the Americans at home.
*: * *
SO, AT THE moment when we
landed at an American pier our
NEW YORK - ) - Edwin L.
James, 61 years old, Managing
Editor of The New York Times for
the last 19 years, died yesterday.
He suffered a heart attack last
June and had been ailing at times
since. He was taken ill again
A native of Irvington, Va.,
James began his newspaper career
in 1910 as a reporter on the Bal-
Earlier this year James, in a
public discussion of the role of The
New York Times, said:
"We try to publish a paper of
information rather than enter-
tainment. Our job, as we con-
ceive it, is to print a newspaper
concepts were rather nebulous.!
We thought of the United States
as a very far away country al-
most in the clouds, just like para-
dise. A land of gigantic sky-
scrapers, of TV and apple pies,
where every man is able to buy ay
car for his family.
Here people wash dishes with
a machine and put nickels in
other machines tokbuycandy,
hear music or drink a coke. A
Then we arrived and especially
during the first weeks we foreign-
ers asked each other what we had
thought about America.
WE LOOKED astonished at the,
spectacle of a farewell before al
girls dormitory at night: couplesI
and couples kissing under the
light of a lamp oblivious of each
other, and we ask: why? We saw
thousands of people, many com-
ing from a great distance, crowd-
ing the stadium in freezing weath-
er yelling, "Yeh Michigan!"
We observed the American
girls in slacks and socks, always
smiling and in a hurry, inter-
ested in a great many things:
sports, politics, driving cars and
we demanded: why have they so
important a role in this country?
Why so many different church-
es, 256 denominations?
Amused and curious we at-
tended the exchange parties,
saw the dates and the custom of
the girl-friends. We could not
explain why old traditions were
still living in such a modern
country of the new world. For
instance we were shocked by the
sign at the front door of the
Union (Ladies please leave by
the side door).
And why it is not possible to
drink a glass of beer without
showing identification, when else-
where you can get drunk, if you
care to, without trouble?
WE SINCERELY desired to dis-
cover the true face of America
and these are some of the things
we ask each other and you in
every discussion in the Interna-
tional Center or whenever we
I have taken part in these talks
with great interest, first because
knowledge of men is necessary
for my job, and second because I
had the same difficulties as the
others in explaining to myself
what the real America is.
So with this experience I will
try to explain to you in these
lines the facts and things which
shocked us most and our true
opinion of your country.
Of course I am supposed to
translate in words the thoughts
of the many foreign students I
have talked with, but not of all.
Every rule has its exceptions. In
succeeding articles I will examine
the main aspects of American life
as we see it, and tell you what
we thing about it.
(NEXT: A look at America's
Board Set Up
KEY WEST, Fla. - ( '- Presi-
dent Truman set up a new federal
committee yesterday to help out-
law discrimination against Negroes
and other minorities in hiring by
Mr. Truman described the ac-
tion as a new step in his civil
rights program- a program that
has embroiled him in a bitter run-
ning fight with many elements in
the traditionally D e m o c r a t i c
Help to Red
Still a Mystery
WASHINGTON ---()- "Imme-
diate action" was pledged yester-
day by the State Department to
free four American crewmen and
an air force cargo plane which was
forced down in Communist Hun-
gary by Soviet fighter craft.
Just what can be done effective-
ly, however, is an unansweredj
i* * *
PROTESTS demanding their re-
lease may go to Russia as well as
Hungary. Officials forecast they
will include a vigorous denial of
a Moscow charge that the long-
missing plane deliberately violated
the Hungarian border and bore
equipment for "spies and sabo-
teurs" behind the Iron Curtain.
Also expected is a protest over
the fact that the Conmmunit au-
thorities kept silent for nearly
two weeks while search planes
combed Yugoslavia. Officials
said an appeal to the United Na-
tions is a possibility, perhaps at
a later stage.
Beyond this diplomatic action
the United States appears power-
less for the moment to bring pres-
sure in the latest instance of
straining relations with the Soviet
bloc. Some authorities fear Hun-
gary with Moscow backing may
try tocuse the American airmen
in effect as hostages.
THE U.S. granted several con-
cessions to Hungary when Robert
A. Vogeler, American businessman,
was released from a Communist
prison and the Hungarian regime
currently is charging that this gov-
ernment has failed to carry out a
promise made then to turn back
some Hungarian property in oc-
The State Department an-
nouncement of plans for imme-
diate action came after the Mos-
cow radio solved the mystery of
what happened to the plane
when it disappeared on Nov. 19
on a flight from the Munich
area to Belgrade.
Quoting a Tass agency dispatch,
Moscow said that Soviet fighter
planes forced the unarmed C-47
transport to land at Hungarian
airfield "several days ago." The
Russian fliers were in Hungary, it
was explained, on the strength
of article 22 of the Hungarian
Peace Treaty authorizing Russia
to retain forces in the satellite
territory to safeguard its lines of
communication with occupied
Later the U.S. legation at Buda-
pest reported it was informed
formally of the incident by the
Hungarian government. A spokes-
man said the State Department
lacked direct.information but as-
sumed it was true the plane had
been forced down.
WOMEN'S WORK?--UN tankmen take advantage of the lull in
fighting on the Korean Western front to catch up on their laundry.
An tArborsCouncil Voes
Charter Issue on Ballot
By HARRY LUNN
In a quiet meeting, the Ann
Arbor City Council voted 11 to 3
last night to place the issue of
charter revision on the ballot next
If revision is favored by the
people of the community, a special
election would be held within 60
days to select a charter commis-
sion to draw up a new instrument.
The proposed charter would then
be put on the ballot.
* * *
ACTION LAST night followed
submission of a majority report of
the Council's special charter revi-
sion committee favoring putting
the question to the voters.
Committee chairman George
W. Sallade emphasized that %ny
who halted production at the giant
Ford of Canada Automobile plant
here yesterday with a "spontane-
ous" strike, later forced open gates
of the factory's power house and
virtually shut it down.
An estimated 50 to 60 persons
forced the power house gates by
"sheer weight" and marched in,
urging employes there and con-
struction workmen on an addition
to quit, a company spokesman
"Some quit and some didn't. The
latter worked until the end of
After threatening to shut the
power house down tight, the in-
vaders agreed to leave a mainten-
ance crew on hand to secure it-
shut off water pipes, carrying out
necessary maintenance and fur-
nish power to such essential things
as foundry furnaces.
action for revision should not be
considered a condemnation of
past or present city officials but
as an attempt to find a better
instrument for the work of the
Ald. Arthur W. Bromage, a
member of the committee, felt the
primary object of charter revision
should be increasing the city pow-
ers rather than effecting a change
in the form of city government.
ANN ARBOR now operates on a
special charter granted by the
state legislature in 1889. Under
the present system, the city abides
by only such powers as are desig-
nated in the charter.
All other cities in Michigan of
over 13,000 population are gov-
erned by the Home Rule Act
which gives them power to take
any action "advancing the in-
terests of the cities" within state
constitutional a n d statutory
Ann Arbor Mayor William E.
Brown, Jr., said last night that
"most of the people I have talked
with favor necessary changes ra-
ther than complete revision." The
mayor predicted t h a t revision
would fail to pass in November.
Voting for the proposal were
Ald. Bromage, Dobson, Green, Sal-
lade, Mellott, Maybee, Ouimet,
Reed, Gallup, Moore and Council
President Creal. Opposed were
Ald. Saunders, Eckstein and Fenn.
Department Prosecutor testified
yesterday that he was ostracized
by T. Lamar Caudle, then an As-
sistant Attorney General, after he
won a case against two Mobile,
Ala., tax evaders.
MUNSAN, Korea, Tuesday, Dec.
4-()-Wary of a trap, Allied ar-
mistice negotiators today sought
extensive clarification of a sudden
Communist proposal to permit
neutral inspection at some places
behind the lines and to "freeze"
troops and arms now in Korea.
The truce delegations adjourned
after only 30 minutes and in-
structed their sub-committees to
meet in the afternoon.
PRESUMEDLY THE subcom-
mittees were told to continue dis-
cussion of the Communist pro-
Previously the R e d s had
adamantly refused to consider
any inspection behind their lines
under any circumstances.
The United Nations delegation
was not expected to accept the
new Red plan as presented, how-
Suspiciously, Vice-Adm. C. Tur-
ner Joy, Chief UN Negotiator,
asked 21 clarifications.
AMONG THE questions was a
formal request by the UN for a list
of the neutral nations the Reds
would consider acceptable.
Unofficially and perhaps jok-
ingly, a Red newsman, Wilfred
Burchett of Paris Ce Soir, had
indicated outside the conference
that Russia, Egypt, Transiordan,
India and Switzerland would
make a "good team."
Joy also proposed that the truce
supervision issue be given to a
two-man subcommittee for further
The Communists refused to tur
it over to a subcommittee unless
their plan was accepted. The UN
delegation said it could not agree
to anything until clarification was
made. The Reds promised to make
some answers today.
TO OBSERVERS at Allied truce
headquarters, the new Red plan
seemed to fall far short of what
the UN command has been asking.
At the same time it looked like
more of a concession than anyone
in the Allied camp had expected.
The Red proposal came after a
Monday morningsession at which
the Reds continued to insist that
the UN Proposal for joint inspec-
tions throughout Korea would vio-
late the sovereignty of Red Korea.
SEOUL, Korea, Tuesday, Dec. 4
- () - British Commandos sup-
ported by tough U.S. Marines
landed on the Northeast Korea
coast 130 miles behind Communist
lines Sunday night and shot up
Red transport and communica-
Naval gunfire from the trans-
port Bass and destroyer Tingey
supported the surprise assault on
beaches near Tanchon, 170 miles
north of Parallel 38, the Navy said
IN THE AIR WAR, Communist
planes yesterday flew far south
of their usual Northwest Korea
haunts, roared over the South
American troops to cover along
I the hattle line 40 miles tn the
AT REGIONAL MEETING:
13 Ill Rights, Exchange
Plan Approved by NSA
THE PRESIDENT announced at
his quarters on the Naval Sub-
marine Station here that the new
body-less powerful than the Fair
Employment Practices Committee
(FEPC) of World War Two-will
seek ways of strengthening the en-
forcement of anti-discrimination
clauses which are standard in
Reaction to Mr. Truman s ac-
tion came swiftly.
"What's the President trying to
do-divert the public's attention
from Caudle?" demanded Senator
Fulbright (D-Ark.) He referred to
T. Lamar Caudle, the ousted As-
sistant Attorney General who is
being quizzed in a House investi-
gation of tax collection scandals.
Fulbright told a reporter in
Washington he hadn't heard any
- + ,..C .-fn- n - rnln'.ia
By CRAWFORD YOUNG
Approval of a student bill of
rights and an Indian student ex-
change program highlighted the
Michigan regional National Stu-
dent Association conference here
The bill of rights guarantees
students in broad outline the right
to govern themselves, the right to
have a voice in all manners relat-
inz o- tnhir wonrPn nrl+s mriai
Congress. The Indian government
is dealing directly through NSA,
will provide the students with pas-
sage and tuition.
THE NSA member schools will
then dicker for board and room ar-
rangements on their respective
campuses and place the students
who come over.
Also along the line of interna-
ATHLETES RANK HIGH:
Harvard Survey Exposes Drinkers