THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1951
I __ ___ ___ ____ ___ ___ ____ ___ ___ ____ ___ ___ ____ ___ ___ ____ ___ ___ __ e
MATTER OF FACT
By JOSEPH ALSOP
Shake 'Em All Out
SOUR GRAPES don't seem to be the mo-
tive of the scientists whose blast at the
Phoenix Project was published yesterday.
After talking to them, it seemed apparent
they were quite sincere and that they had
calmly and rationally arrived at their thesis:
that ideal scientific experimentation was
being hood-winked by the processes of
But despite their apparent sincerity,
they appeared to lack a realistic attitude
toward the more practical aspects of a
large project such as the one that has
been organized here at the niversity.
The group of graduate students and teach-
ing fellows agreed that the Phoenix Project
was limiting scientific potential both in
holding the research down to atomic energy
and then by limiting the specific research
Dean Ralph Sawyer, who is the Phoenix
Project's director, has said that when the
War Memorial Committee was searching for
a suitable memorial, they wanted to select
something more attractive and more endur-
ing than a building or a monument.
The idea of a research project was de-
cided upon. The committee would have
liked to make large sums of money avail-
able for pure research, making grants
as the protesting group has suggested, to
the man and not to the project.
But as good business, the committee
realized that such an idea was unattractive
-that its nebulous character would not stir
alumni, students and friends to provide the
necessary financial support.
And so the idea of a project dealing with
the peaceful applications of atomic energy
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: SID KLAUS
was chosen. An ambitious goal of six and
a half million dollars was arrived at and a
fund campaign was begun.
The success of the drive, which is almost
assured, is testimony to the good judgment
of these administrators. Their idea hit the
public just right.
But the young scientists also claim that
within the field of atomic energy, the alloca-
tion of research money to specific projects
is not ideal from a scientific viewpoint.
The scientists will certainly agree that
money can not be handed out indiscrimi-
nately. Some sort of administrative group
must be organized to make decisions. There
is only so much money tand it must go to
the projects that these men feel are most
Some researchers will be left out, not
necessarily because their work isn't in
the field of atomic energy but because
there is, in the opinion of the committee,
more worthwhile potential.
The complainents say that some scien-
tists in their desire to get Phoenix funds
will sacrifice their pet projects and move
their efforts to something less to their
likings The group calls this "channellling
This problem is associated with more than
the Phoenix Project. As long as economics
have anything to do with science, money
will go towards those things that the spon-
sors and contributors feel are most valuable.
There will always be a challenge to sci-
entists to do things on their own if the
fund allocators don't include them in
their plans. Things won't always go the
scientists' way. It is often left to their
scientific curiosity to go it alone. This
may seem like idealistic talk but it's a
necessary consideration that scientists
make in planning their work.
Funds have a strange effect on men, in-
cluding men of science. As long as money re-
mains such an integral factor, it must be
approached with a realistic outlook.
WASHINGTON-The tax scandals have
now succeded the R.F.C. scandals. Next
will probably come the scandals in the Of-
fice -of Alien Property. And then, if the Con-
gressional investigators find the guts to
stop scratching for peanuts and to begin
digging for the big potatoes, we may see
other, infinitely larger influence scandals.
All these different scandals are widely
said to result from a sort of moral relapse
in the United States. In fact, however,
they result from certain vital changes in
the relationship between business and
politics. And since this problem has be-
come very serious and very urgent, the
present report is the first of three concern-
ing the cause and cure of this trouble
which is worrying everyone.
The first change to note is the staggering
change in the pattern, and therefore in the
expense of modern American politics. As
late as the middle thirties, a statewide pri-
mary was the natural opportunity of any
ambitious young Southern politician who
owned an old jalopy, picked the right issue
and could pay for his own fatback and
hominy during a year of cultivating the
grass roots. In this manner former Sen. Ro-
bert R. Reynolds defeated the late Cameron
Morrison, mainly on the ground that the
prosperous Morrison had become an addict
of "red Russian fish eggs"-or in other
words, caviar,-while representing the plain
people of North Carolina in sinful, luxurious
i i . .
or 'r Y
:. _ ,
-' , t.
_ T v
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WASHINGTON-An American institution for which Gen. Douglas
S MacArthur continues to show a splendid disdain is the press con-
This useful medium for disseminating information and correcting
such errors as affronted Americans may believe they discern in pub-
lished reports is employed with press and radio by the White House,
Congress, General Eisenhower, businessmen, labor unions-indeed,
universally, except at the Little Pentagon in New York.
Very often such exchanges serve an intangible purpose as im-
portant as the news that flows from them. They clear the air be-
tween people who, since they are all continuously active on the
public's business, can punish the public far more than each other
by sustained misunderstanding or ill will.
The Little Pentagon, however, hands down its ukases in circum-
stances permitting no healing back talk. The latest is an article sold
to a friendly publisher by General MacArthur's controversial former
chief of intelligence, Maj. Gen. Charles A. Willoughby. Under the
MacArthur imprimatur, General Willoughby reveals the MacArthur
black list of war correspondents and news magazines.
It is a distinguished roster, well able to defend itself. The effect
on the press corp here is principally amusement, especially that the
general should punish so strongly one or two of his admirers for the
slight deviations from hero worship they occasionally permitted them-
White House sources have some comments however on Gen-
eral Willoughby's charge that the "mendacious press" was the
major cause of the MacArthur-Truman split.
To begin with, one of President Truman's favorite works is a two-
volume study of the Civil War, "Lincoln Finds a General," by Ken-
neth Williams. For all his Confederate ancestry, the President has
felt proud of copying Lincoln in forbearance with gifted generals. Mr.
Truman thinks he understands very well the role the President should
play in sticking to facts that he knows, excusing mistakes made in the
field and.above all, in not "Monday morning quarterbacking."
In the opinion of some of his staff, the President personally
learned at Wake Island that he was doing all the cooperating. Two
instances are cited of the MacArthur attitude which are understood
to have convinced Harry Truman that the presidency, of whose dig-
nity he is extremely jealous, was being slighted.
The first Washington plane to arrive at Wake Island brought
Secretary of the Army Pace and General Bradley, chairman of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Upon alighting they asked if General
MacArthur had arrived. They were told yes, that he was sitting in
a jeep beside his plane. General MacArthur made no move to
greet either the Army Secretary, who, though so much his junior,
was his boss when he wore one of his hats as head of the Far
East Command, or the distinguished Bradley, whose rank equals
Shortly afterward The Independence landed with President Tru-
man and his staff. As the President came down the steps, General
MacArthur got out of his jeep, with great deliberation knocked the
dottle out of his corncob pipe, strolled- over and offered his hand to
the Commander-in-Chief of the Army, Navy and Air Force.
"I hope Truman kissed it," murmured one editor to whom this
story was related.
The President gave no sign. When the conferences began
General MacArthur was, of course, seated at his right. Taking
out the famous pipe, the General filled it, packed it, lit a match.
The ceremony all but completed, he said to Mr. Truman: "Do you
mind?" "Not at all," replied the President smoothly, "expect I've
had more secondhand smoke blown in my face than any man in
America." It was an edged exchange, according to the witnesses.
The President has let it be known that his doubts about General
MacArthur's willingness to follow policy with which he disagreed
began a year prior to the firing. That such personalities sharpened
them would not be surprising.
(Copyright, 1951, by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
/ettepi TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all lettersrwhich are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
WITH DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON -- The Senate Hearings
have barely scratched the surface of the
scandals in the Ohio election in which Sena-
tor Taft defeated Jumpin' Joe Ferguson in
1950. The inside story is that Senate investi-
gators uncovered shocking law violations on
Believing that honest elections are the
backbone of democracy, this column has
obtained a copy of the Senate investiga-
tor's secret report. It shows a wholesale
winking at the laws, and should be pub-
lished as a warning to the voters in 1952.
Here are some blunt statements which
conscientious Senate investigators wrote of
the Ohio campaign:
"It was found that the policy of the Ohio
Republican Finance Committee was against
filing reports of contributions received be-
fore May 1 and after election day. This po-
licy appears to constitute a serious evasion
of State law. Our evidence also indicates that
the Ohio Taft for Senate Committee may
have concealed the fact that it received
substantial contributions . . .
"We have uncovered evidence," the re-
port continues, "that an unauthorized
check-off was used to obtain $1 from each
of 2,000 Amalgamated Clothing Workers
in Northern Ohio. Violation of the Fed-
eral Corrupt Practices Act, both by the
Labor Unions and by the clothing com-
panies involved, seems apparent.
"Both sides were found guilty of filing re-
ports with the County Board of Elections
when they should have been filed with the
Secretary of State in Columbus," the report
adds. "Both sides tended to ignore the re-
quirement that contributions of things of
value other than money are required by the
Ohio law to be accounted for and reported."
-LAX OHIO OFFICIALS--
HOWEVER, THE report blasts the "lax at-
titude on the part of State officials" as
contributing to an "attitude of carelessness
on the part of political committees in com-
plying with the law."
Specifically, the investigators' report
scorches Ohio Secretary of State Ted Brown.
"Secretary of State Ted Brown informed
our staff that he did not consider it his
duty to search out violations of the law,"
blisters the report. "The function of his
office, in his opinion, was merely to serve
as custodian of the reports actually made."
The report then quotes the Ohio Law that
requires the Secretary of State to report
"promptly" any violations to the Attorney
General, who "shall forthwith institute such
civil or criminal proceedings as may be ap-
The secret report also warns sharply
that an election trick used in the Ohio
campaign "promises to play an important
role in the 1952 general election com-
"This device," say the Senate investigators,
"was the use of pseudo-political advertising
which created an atmosphere favorable to
one of the candidates. The principal exam-
ples in Ohio were the large display adver-
tisements and the short 'reader' advertise-
ments of the Timken Roller Bearing Com-
pany, and the 'free enterprise series' spon-
sored by the publishers of the Columbus
Dispatch and appearing in 13 leading Ohio
* * *
-QUAKER OATS POLITICS-
"W HILE NONE of the advertisements sup-
ported Taft or attacked Ferguson, some
of them contained fairly direct attacks on
the CIO, on collectivism and on adminis-
tration spending and wastefulness.
The report points out that the adver-
tisements were paid for by 269 sponsors,
who contributed from $50 to $1,500 each.
All but six were corporations, including
such out-of-state corporations as Quaker
Oats, McGraw-Hill publishing company
and Standard Oil of Indiana.
Pointing out that the ads were published
only during the election campaign, the re-
port comments: "the view that the adver-
tisements were politically motivated, of
course, is strengthened by the observation
that publication of the names of the spon-
sors would weaken the effectiveness of the
advertisements'. . . .
"It is possible," adds the report, "that
several of the free enterprise and Timken
advertisements could be classified as 'poli-
tical.' If this were true, the Federal Corrupt
Practices Act and the Ohio Election Law
NOTE 1-It was only two decades ago that
Senator Vare of Pennsylvania, Republican,
was barred from the Senate because he spent
nnnoximately$ 200,000 in the Republican
IN THE NORTH, elections have always
been more expensive. Yet as late as the
twenties, Truman H. Newberry was expelled
from the Senate with bellows of indignant
horror, because he had laid out a couple of
hundred thousand dollars to get himself
elected in Michigan.
Those simple, inexpensive days are over
now, thanks to the cost of radio, television
and other means of mass appeal to the
voters. The cheapest Southern election
now costs several tens of thousands of dol-
lars, even for a professional gallus-wearer.
In the north, in the Ohio Senatorial cam-
paign in 1950, the friends of Sen. Robert A.
Taft are reported to have laid out more than
five times the Newberry figure.
National elections, meanwhile, have also
come to cost more and more millions of
dollars, with highly visible results. In
1948, when the financial plight o the
Democrats was at its grimmest, President
Truman's campaign was reportedly bailed
out by a single corporate contribution of
$80,000; and no one should be astonished
that this corporation has since enjoyed an
unusual degree of influence. In the Re-
-publican case, moreover, the shape of the
1948 campaign itself was strongly influ-
enced. Gov. Thomas E. Dewey believed
he only needed good organization to win.
Organizing cost money. And it is an open
secret that Dewey avoided taking a clear
stand on the farm problem and several
other crucial issues, in order not to an-
noy the big contributors, and thus to keep
the big money coming in.
The increasing need for money to finance
campaigns has in turn produced a situation
that may not be new in pattern, but is en-
tirely new in scale. In the later Roosevelt
years, in the "clear-it-with-Sidney" period,
the Labor groups made large political contri-
butions to the Democrats and enjoyed pro-
portionate influence. At present, however,
businessmen and corporations pay at least
85 per cent of the American political bills,
mostly under the table.
* *' *
THE BUSINESSMEN are hardly to be
blamed, for politics have become enor-
mously important to them, and they can
purchase political influence that may be
worth many millions for sums which they
and their corporations hardly feel. The poli-
ticians are no more to blame than the busi-
nessmen, since the campaign bills have got
to be paid somehow.
Meanwhile, the results are increasingly
manifest. In the Congress, on the one
hand, any informed observer nowadays
can show you rows of Senators whose votes
are controlled when the chips are down
by the banks, the local utilities, the min-
ing and mineral interests and other big
business groupings which play big parts
in state politics.
In the Federal administration, meanwhile,
influence born of campaign contributions
has tended to become the decisive factor in
the sectors of the government which have
special importance to big business, such as
the Civil Aeronautics Board. And hand in
hand with this growth in the power of mon-
ey influence, has gone the general lowering
of standards typified by the scandals now
engaging the national attention.
(Copyright, 1951, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
FLU SHOTS are being offered again this
year-but this time students have to pay
Last year the University started out by
requiring that the shots be paid for-then
reversed its position because of a flu epi-
demic overseas and in nearby cities.
Must we wait for an epidemic again this
The Daily Official Bulletin is an Co-ed Sunday Night Record Concert:t
official publication of the University League Library, 8:30-10 p.m. Program:I
of Michigan for which the Michigan Organ Sonatas, Robert Noehren; Brahms
Daily assumes no editorial responsi- 1st Symphony; Prokofiev-Symphony No.
bility. Publication in it is construc- 5.
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent Movies of the work being done in the
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room West Coast Laboratories of Naval Ord-
2552 Administration Building before nnce Test Station, Civil Engineering
3 p.m. the day preceding publication and Research, Missile Test Center, Bu-
(11 a.m. on Saturday). reau of Standards' Institute for Nu-
merical Analysis, Electronics, and Ra-
Saturday, December 1, 1951 diological Defense. n7:30 p.m., Mon.,
VOL. LXIV, NO. 58 Dec. 3, 348 West Engineering Bldg. All
engineers are invited.
Notices Graduate Outing Club: Meet at the1
rear of the Rackham Building, Sun.,
Women Students. There will be sev- Dec. 2, 2 p.m. Tour of University Ob-
eral vacancies in the women's residence servatory.
hall personnel staff (Resident Assistants
and Residence Counselors) at the be- Sigma Alpha Iota, professional music
ginning of second semester. Interested fraternity for women: Annual Christmas
graduate students should make an ap- Candlelight Service, Sun., Dec. 2. 8
pointment with Mrs. Healy in the Of-
fice of the Dean of Women as soon as public is invited.
Application for fellowships and scho- It is no slight to Gordon Gray
larships in the Graduate School for to say that the Psychological War-
1952-53 are now available. Application fare Strategy Board which he di-
for renewal should also be filed at this rects has only begun to get out of
time. Competition closes Feb. 15, 1952. the mud. Mr. Gray is a tireless
Blanks and information may be ob-
tained in the Graduate School Offices, public servant who has proved his
Rackham Building. mettle in a host of. difficult as-
Employment Interviews: signments. Since he took over the
Mr. Rinehart of North American Avia- new psychological board last June,
tion, Downey, California will interview however, he has been hemmed in
February graduates of Aeronautical, Me- by bureaucracy at its worst. The
chanical and Civil Engineering Depart- result is that he has had to devote
ments for employment in the Aerophy- full time to what he agreed to
sics and Atomic Research Division.
Aeros will be interviewed in the Aero take as a part-time job. Mr. Gray
Department on Mon., Dec. 3 and Me- is returning to the presidency of
chanical and Civil students in the Me- the University of North Carolina
chanical Department on Tues., Dec. 4. in January and his successor, Dr.
Because of the Paul Bunyan dance, Raymond B. Allen, now president
all women students have a 1:30 a.m. of the University of Washington,
late permission on sat., Dec. 1. presumably will face the same red
tape unless it is remedied in the
Academic Notices interim.
Michigan Rotating Seminar in Mathe- -The Washington Post
matical Statistics: Fall Meeting Sat.,
Dec. 1, 2:15 p.m., Conference Room,
Physics-Mathematics Buildig, Michi-
gan State College. East Lansing. Speak-
ers will be Professor Ingram Olkn, of
Michigan State College, and Mr. Charles m iru itf l D a l t
H. Kraft, of wayne University. Persons
interested in securingrtransportation
please see Professors Craig or Dwyer.
Michigan College Chemistry Teachers_
Association will meet in the Chem- -
istry Building, University of Michi-
gan. The following addresses will
be open to visitors, in Room 1300,
Chemistry Building: 10:30 a.m. Prof. L.
E. Brownell, Department of Chemical - -
and Metallurgical Engineering, on "The -
Use of Atomic Radiation in Food Pre- Sixty-Scon d Year
servation " 111 n i Dr. sy C g Edited and managed by students of
"Non-spreadingt Oi Drops on Films of the University of Michigan under the
Organic Molecules. authority of the Board of Control of
Orgaic olecles' IStudent Publications
University Rifle Club. All members
are requested to be at the ROTC Rifle Editorial Staff
Range at 1:15 p.m., to help with Chuck Elliott ........Managing Editor
details of the Sectional M a t c h Bob Keith .................City Editor
with OSU, MSC, and U. of M. Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
All firing members of the team have Vern Emerson...........Feature Editor
been notified by telephone. The range Rich Thomas ..........Associate Editor
opens for practice at noon and the Ron Watts ,.......Associate Editor
match is to start at 1:30 p.m. Bob Vaughn ...........Associate Editor
Ted Papes ................Sports Editor
Congregational - Disciples Guild: 3:45 George Flint ...Associate Sports Editor
p.m. All-Guild Assembly, Guild House. Jim Parker ... Associate Sports Editor
6 p.m., Indian Supper, by reservation, Jan James ............Women's Editor
Guild House. 7:30-8:30 p.m., Fireside, Jo Ketelhut Associate omen's Editor
Guild House. Miss Angela Trindade,
visiting Indian artist, will speak on Bsns tf
"Religious Arttin India Today." tnBusiness Staff
Bob Miller ..........Business Manager
School of Music Student Council. Gene Kuthy. Assoc. Business Manager
Meet in 404 BMT. The meeting will be Charles Cuson .,. Advertising Manager
at 1:30 instead of the usual 11 o'clock. Sally Fish ...........Finance Manager
_- Stu Ward ,......,Circulation Manager
Saturday Luncheon Discussion Group:
Lane Hall, 12:15 p.m. Telephone 23-24-1
Com ing Eveniis Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press Is exclusvely
At The Orpheum . .
RENDEZVOUS WITH TOMORROW star-
ring a cast of faces new to the screen,
IN THE EARLY PART of November, TIME
presented an editorial entitled "The
Younger Generation." In effect, it was a
three page expose' of today's youth, in
which their hopes, dreams, desires et cetera
vere laid bare.
The French film industry has gone the
editors of that magazine one better by
putting the story of "the younger genera-
tion" on the screen. Because of the candid
method of presentation, it will not be a
comfortable picture for some to see. The
camera is completely honest and frank in
depicting the lives of the various charac-
ters and covers a range of personalities
with which one can readily identify.
Specifically, the producers employ a con-
temporary, biographical technique in which
the lives of half a dozen young people are
intimately revealed. The camera achieves
its emphatic effect by photographing ex-
tremes: it rolls from the universally exper-
ienced family quarrel at the dinner table to
the less experienced "bedroom" scene that
end with a "fadeout" in movies and with
".. ." in novels.
MSC Protests .. ,
To the Editor:
WE FEEL that the Student Leg-
islatore has committed a ser-
ious miscarriage of jostice in re-
fusing to seat Major on the legis-
lature. It is our understanding
that he was elected by an over-
whelming plurality of voters who
obviously want Major to represent
them. However the elections com-
mittee has hushed the facts of,
Enclosed you will find a copy of
the story printed in the State
News concerning this incident.
Needless to say, a large part of
the M.S.C. student body is greatly
upset over' the questionable elec-
tion procedures of our neighbor-
We feel it our duty to ask fur-
ther investigation into the way in
which the elections committee
handled the case. It's surprising
that the campus canines associa-
tion, as well as such groups as the
C.E.D. and the Humane Society,
haven't already raised quite a
howl over the issue as this is a di-
rect f o r m of discrimination
against either group.
For many years the canine gov-
erning element at Ann Arbor Jun-
ior College has literally gone to
It is time that this deficiency in
canine representation be corrected
and that Major be permitted to
officially voice his views on cam-
Atrocities . . .
To the Editor:
DURTNG THE past few weeks I
have read numerous articles
and letters in various publications
dealing with aspects of the recent
atrocity revelations in Korea.
There have been a number of let-
ters recently in the Daily concern-
ing the subject. In the interest of
truth I add this comment: My re-
action to these and other accounts
of enemy cruelty will always be
tempered by the memory of Am-
erican violations of war conduct
during World War II. It is witha
sense of profound shame and re-
gret that I recall the wanton mur-
der of several German prisoners by
certain members of my infantry,
squad in Europe during the spring
-Robert C. Hafner
* * *
To the Editor:
GET A kick out of the musical
I get a bigger kick out of the
people who write letters to the edi-
tor complaining about the musical
I get a still bigger kick out of the
people who write letters to the
editor complaining about the peo-
ple who complain about the musi-
But I get my biggest kick out of
people who get a kick out of the
Let's call the whole thing off
and complain about other things;
I'm tired of getting kicked.
The National Safety Council has
given an indirect vote of confi-
dence to the American driver's
ability to increase the number of
automobile fatalities by restating
its prediction made earlier this
year that the one-millionth traf-
fic death since 1899 would occur
before the end of 1951. The Coun-
cil stated that through Thanks-
giving Day 996,500 persons had
been killed as a result of automo-
bile accidents. It is now estimated
that the one millionth person to
be killed in a car will have his
life snuffed out at the end of the
third week in December-just be-
-The New York Times
Women's Research Club. Meeting,
Mon., Dec. 3, 8 p.m., West Lecture
Room, Rackham Building. Speaker-
Dr. Mary Swindler, Fine Arts. "A Rec-
onnaissance of the.7th and 8th Century
Sites in Turkey" (illustrated by pic-
tures taken recently by the speaker
during the period of her research study
in Turkey). The new members will be
welcomed into the club at this meeting.
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to It or
otherwise credited to this newspaper
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor. Michigan. as second-class mail
Subscription during regular school
year: by carrier, $6.00; by mail, $7.00.
An important part of my r
research info your planet's
Yes, of course. But of.
Naturally. They're in
most kinds of food. In
Cons?... Where do you
find this strane nrev?