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November 28, 1951 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1951-11-28

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Inaugural Speech Excerpts

... THE UNIVERSITY has entered this mid-
century decade erect and sturdy; it is, and
has been, a tower of continuing strength
through all the years of turmoil and confu-
sion in a rapidly developing country. And yet
the element which provides its great strength
and distinction is a delicate thing and is
perishable. That central element may be
summed up in a word: Quality. It is that
margin of quality, so hard to achieve and
maintain, so potent in its power for good,
that makes all the difference.
We must be especially sensitive to this
because there are danger signals along
the road warning us that a passionate con-
cern for high standards of quality of learn-
ing and service may be relaxed for a su-
perficial spread. It is so easy to create the
form and erect the shell; it is so hard to
fill it with the elevated soul and the true
creative spirit. It is so effortless and
tempting to be merely good or mediocre in
this great democracy and to lose the pride
in fine workmanship. The margin of dif-
ference is so small and yet so vital-and
it costs so little more .. .
This quality is derived through the union
of strength from within and withoutthe
University. It is achieved from within
through the complete coordination of in-
spired teaching and of imaginative and vig-
orous research, and, through this fertiliza-
tion to the highest and most extensive serv-
ice to the State. There is no place and no
occasion for self-satisfaction or complacency
in this pursuit. Teaching and earning i.-
quire a subtle combination of humility and
confidence. The instant that the first sug-
gestion of smugness enters the atmosphere,
the glory of the mission is impaired ...
From the day of the first dawning of
the American dream of a free people res-
ponsible for self government, there also
dawned the realization that fulfillment of
the dream was dependent upon education.
It is rewarding in our time to read again
the philosophy and the declaration of
faith of the men of earlier days who laid
the plans for our colleges and universities.
Without exception they placed the stress
on religion, personal character, good citi-
zenship and high professional and techni-
cal competency for doing the necessary
work of the nation. They recognized that
the combined efforts of private citizens
and the public purse were required for
success in this adventure, and they thought
of it, quite properly, not as an expense
but as a golden investment secure against
all vicissitudes of fortune ...
How well the purpose of the foundersdhas
been fulfilled in this regard is indicated by
the wide and distinguished leadership dis-
played in every walk of life by the graduates
of this institution. I wish there were some
simple way to evaluate the constructive con-
tribution being made daily by the entire
140,000 living graduates of the University ...
This contribution has been made possible,
like the founding of Harvard College, through
the happy combination of public and private
support. The affection of the people of Mi-
chigan for their University, and their faith
and confidence in its mission, have been ex-
pressed by their generous support of its
needs and programs. They have kept it in
the forefront in the world of education.
Surely the returns have been seventy and
seven fold
* * *
THE DEMANDS upon the universities were
never greater or more challenging than
they are today. The universities have led the
attack upon ignorance and darkness. They
have added immeasurably to our store of
knowledge about the nature of the physical
and biological world; they have made some
progress in the understanding of the nature

of society and of the processes by which di-
verse units are coordinated into a peaceful
whole; and they have cast at least a small
gleam of candle light into the recesses of
man's innermost soul and upon the values
by which he lives.
It is their primary business to preserve
and transmit the old, and diligently to cre-
ate the new.
They have succeeded in extending know-
ledge at a pace almost bewildering in its
speed. Only a generation or two ago an
alert mind could still hope to be abreast of
all learning. Now the mastery of a single
field taxes the capacity of an expert. And
there is more to come. Our young people
are going out into a complex world which
reflects this massive extension of know-
ledge and the resulting complications of
managing the world which has thereby be-
come increasingly interdependent. No pre-
vious generation has been called upon for
so much knowledge, skill and wisdom. And
the most essential instrument created to
serve them in this need is the university.
We will rise or fall by its success or failure.
It must succeed.
This university has an equal responsibility
for its undergraduates and for its graduate
and professional students. The undergradu-
ate program is of particular concern to us
and a vital part of the total strength of the
university. Every care must be taken to keep
this program vigorous, productive and cre-
ative. One of the supreme moments in the
development of a young citizen is the day
when he enters upon his university training.
He must be met at that point by wise and
understanding and friendly teachers who
can lead him on into the joys of learning.
He must be surrounded and saturated by an
atmosphere of cultural well-being, in the
classroom, in his place of residence, in all
hours of his life on the campus during those
precious and critical four years of his
There will be no relaxation in our stress
upon our welcome to undergraduates or in
our care for all matters that affect their
welfare and growth into maturity. This will
continue to be a seat of learning where your
sons and daughters will be surrounded by
the best the age affords,
Our solicitous care for the undergradu-
ates is not inconsistent with an equal em-
phasis upon the vitality and distinction of
the graduate and professional and re-
search programs. In the larger sense they
are interdependent. The advanced schools
draw strength from the enthusiasm and
the quest for knowledge and skills which
are nurtured in the undergraduates. If
their progress has been worthy, their eag-
erness will have prepared their minds for
the more exacting discipline demanded on
the high graduate and professional level ...
The gears of all the complex structure of a
university must mesh naturally and without
friction. Research is not a separable func-
tion from teaching in a faculty. They are
indivisible, like the smile and the lips. Where
great teaching is going on, there will be ac-
tive minds restlessly at work to extend know-
ledge and understanding. Where great re-
search is going on, there will live teaching
and stimulating communication of minds
flou'ish also in rich cross-fertilization. Stu-
dents at all levels of maturity must parti-
cipate in this process. And those who are
going on into the teaching profession must
be diligent to master the art of teaching as
well as the skill of research. We must never
permit a wall to separate these two sources
of life in the university.
'HERE IS A vast and exciting program of
research going on in this University. The
contribution to knowledge made here is and
has been one of the glories of the institu-

tion . . . No single life in our day in this
state is untouched or unenriched by the
work which has been done here and is being
done at this moment . . . The continued pro-
gress and safety of the nation itself is de-
pendent upon the preservation and advance-
ment of this spirit of energetic learning,
teaching and research. Their combination is
vital to a true and distinguished university.
We shall continue to foster them at Michi-
This creative spirit can flourish only in
an atmosphere of freedom and high res-
ponsibility. Our own times, like those of
many previous periods, are warped with
tensions. Some of little courage or faith
from time to time lose their vision, their
perspective or their balance. It is the mark
of a free and educated man that he pre-
serve his poise in the midst of confusion
and his confidence in an era of crisis and
doubt. The people are still to be trusted,
truth is stronger than error, and reason
and knowledge are still the only sure and
effective weapons against evil and ig-
norance. As Jefferson wisely said, "Error
of opinion may be tolerated where reason
is left to combat it."
Much has been said about freedom in our
universities. It is well to say it over and
over, as we say our prayers in repetitious
ritual. Two shining texts from the Holy
Scripture permanently summarized the rule
of faith and practice.
"Prove all things; hold fast that which
is good." "And ye shall know the truth,
and the truth shall make you free." Here
at Michigan let the free pursuit of know-
ledge bear its precious fruit, and in this
sign shalt thou conquer .. .
The University must be provided with the
resources necessary for the discharge of its
crucial functions. The entire State must be
inspired with the glory and the imncy of
the task. Our age is in ferment. The Uni-
versity must' be kept always on the march.
It is a complex and living organism that de-
velops constantly or perishes. Again, it is
that little more that makes all the difference.
We must not let the emergency measures of
the last few years become the new and low-
ered sandards for our measurements. We
must keep in mind during this brief breath-
ing space between the veterans' bulge and
arrival of their children at the University
doors that for two decades now we have
operated the universities and the colleges un-
der crisis conditions . . . The danger now is
that we shall accept this crisis situation and
performance as the new standard and per-
mit our educational needs to languish under
the pressures of other short-range de-
mands . . .
* * *
TWO OTHER points in our program I
should wish to stress.
One is the service function of the Uni-
versity to the State. The University can
and does and will render its greatest serv-
ice to the State by being srong in its cen-
ral mission, which is to teach and add to
knowledge and make this knowledge avail-
able to all. In the general drift toward pa-
ternalism we may lose a firm grip on our
goal. We must educate and train men and
women who know how to continue to learn,
who will take their place in society and
there perform their functions. Extension
must be an extension of strength, and the
encouragement of others by their own
initiative and efforts to do and learn for
themselves ...
The other is the private character and
richness of soul of the young people who live
on this campus and go forth from it to the
larger world. The men who envisioned the
formation of the Northwest Territory wrote
down three coordinate words for the corner-
stone of our society: Religion, Morality and
Knowledge. These ringing words reach their
fulfillment only when they are made to cre-
ate good government and the happiness of
We shall strive here to acquaint the
minds and hearts of the young people en-
trusted to our care with what the greatest

spirits among us have revealed of men's
spiritual resources, and what it means to
be alive upon this earth: the great pro-
phets of the world's religions, the poets
who have reached highest and probed
deepest into the- myster1 of life, the sci-
entists who have taught us new methods
of discovery, the philosophers who have
given order and meaning to chaotic ex-
istence, the historians who have recorded
the successes and failures of the genera-
tions of mankind. These are the fountain-
heads of wisdom and give poise to the
mind, integrity to the character, and as-
surance to the soul. For what shall it pro-
Vit a man to gain the whole world if he
lose his own soul .. ,
It is a high responsibility to take up where
they have, through time, left off. We realize
with proud confidence, but with personal
humility, that it has been the exalted vis-
ion and the loving labor of successive genera-
tions which have brought us to this moment
in the history of this University. What these
men and women have so nobly striven to
create and maintain is now ours to inherit, to
perpetuate, and to advance. There is no high-
er calling than to attempt to do this to the
top level of four abilities, and to hand it on
to the next generation richer because this
one has lived and made its fullest contribu-
tion in its time.
This, by the grace of God, we shall at-

Tapping Time
14 <
Y -y
-Daily-Gayle Greene
1ISTEN TO THIS tale of romance
Tale of academic warriors--
457 paleface representatives
Plucked from many teaching teepees
'Neath a temporary awning
Stretching green its rented canvas
'Cross the broad and gusty North U
From the bowels of Natural Science
To the stage of huge Hill wigwam
Swathed all in signs of station
Black with hoods of gold and scarlet
Tramped the awful silent deacons
Of the highest church of knowledge:
Came they forth to claim their captive.
On the platforms hallowed oak planks
'Mid the thundring chords of organ
Stood the trembling paleface victim.
Lo, uprose a royal regentD
Regent, yea, of Michigan U
And in sacred rite unending
Set the bookish clan to cheering,
Dubbed, at last, the hapless hero
Chief, high chief, of all the wigwamns
Of the mighty studious tribesmen.
mhus with learned, owlish talons
Was there snatched from human circles
Lord high Sachem-Harlan Henthorne Hatcher.
,-R. T.

The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interestsand will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the

~ I

Civil' Liberties .
To the Editor:1
OUR CIVIL liberties-in govern-
ment, in our colleges and uni-
versities, and more directly, at the
University of Michigan are being
abridged and it is time for alarm.
The Supreme Court, once a
champion of civil liberties, has
turned an about-face. The sharp-
est reminder of this is the curt's
decision which upheld the consti-
tutionality of the Smith Act .. .
We all know that free speech can-
not be absolute, and most of us
accept Justice Holmes' "clear and
present danger" test . . . These
eleven American Communists did
not constitute an imminent threat
or even any threat by their words.
Says Justice Douglas, a dissenter
in the decision: "Only those held
by fear or panic could think other-
Congress' record in regard to
civil liberties is also very poor.
Not only has it yet to enact an
FEPC bil but it has gone back-
wards. Remember the House Un-
American Activities Committee-
where the accused had no oppor-
tunity of rebuttal while his name
was being smeared? Remember
the Lattimore case? McCarthy?
Our Universities which should
be the least susceptible to this
hysteria have in fact succumbed
to it. Witness the Ohio State ban,
the University of California loyalty
oath, and our own lecture commit-
tee, to mention a few.
Here at Michigan the reason for
the lecture committee is to screen
speakers so that no one can use
University property for the "advo-
cacy of the subversion" of the
United States' or Michigan's gov-
ernment. "We are in a war now
and we have to be cautious" says
one of the lecture committee in
The Daily. But this cold war will
probably last for a long time. Are
we to continue to be "cautious"
and probably more and more "cau-
tious" until by the time we look
around there is nothing worth de-
fending? . . . There is something
right here that we can investi-
gate-the speaker's ban. We'must
convince the administration of
these things:
1. Only through free expression
can ideas be fought:
2. The situation at present on
campus is such that free expres-
sion would not result in "clear and
present danger"
3. That it should be the duty of
the University to uphold the dem-
ocratic method rather than aid in
its destruction.
We must combat these en-
croachments on our rights where
we can and with the resources we
have. Otherwise we shall have
forfeited our rights as citizens and
especially as students.
-Leonard Sandweiss
Atrocity Report .. .
To the Editor:
WHEN THE immediate furor
over Col. Hanley's atrocity
story had died down, several re-
vealing facts came to light. First,
this report violated Army regula-
tions, which require the verifica-
tion of deaths and the notification
of relatives before any announce-
ment is made. Second, despite the
protestations of ignorance on the
part of Gen. Ridgway and his
staff, this report somehow man-
aged to clear censorship while, ac-
cording to a UP dispatch from
Tokio which was buried on page
42 of the Detroit News of Nov. 19,
1951, thissame censorship held
up a report "that the Reds re-
leased a wounded British soldier
only th',ee days ago."
These facts raise the question
as to why the Army let this report
be released? Perhaps the answer
can be found in the Nov. 12th

article by George Barrett, New
York Times correspondent at the
Central Korean front. Comment-
ing on the attitudes of the Ameri-
can troops, Mr. Barrett wrote:
"In a visit last week to three
major United States units and two
smaller outfits on the front, this
correspondent sat in on several
'bull sessions'. In most of them .. .
the same question . . . usually
came up: 'Why don't we have a
cease fire now? . . . In most of
the gatherings observed, the Uni-
ted Nations truce team has created
the impression that it switches its
stand whenever the Communists
indicate they might go along with
To counteract this, "widening im-
pression" Mr. Barret felt that the
United Nations military authorities
are going to have to adopt a pub-
lic information policy more adroit

and more candid" than the pres-
ent one. Exactly three days after
the appearance of this article, Col.
Hanley came out with and cen-
sorship passed his atrocity story.
Can it be that this story was re-
leased in order to destroy the de-
sire for peace? Is it possible that
certain forces in this country are
trying desperately to convince the
American people that the hostili-
ties should continue?
Perhaps the answer to these
questions lie in the following
headlines which appeared in the
financial page of the New York
Times of Nov. 10:
"Stock prices gains best in three
months ..
Peace tension is missing ..
-Edward H. Shaffer
Virgirna's Review , ,
To the Editor:
MISS BEATTIES'S attempts at
being "cutting, cruel, and
rude" came off far more success-
fully than she would have us be-
lieve Miss Voss' do. Now let Miss
Beattie observe the important vir-
tue of all of Miss Voss' criticisms:
they are all backed, point by point,
with firm reasons which are ac-
curately presented and can be eas-
ily understood. Despite this clar-
ity, Miss Beattie and most of her
fellow attackers have thought it
of little importance to contradict
any particular criticisms. Instead
they condemn her with sweeping
generalities which say that some-
thing or other must be wrong with
a critic who often gives unfavor-
able reviews. But Miss Voss has
shown herself far above her at-
tackers by avoiding such general-
ities, by giving clear reasons and
explanations, and by not compro-
mising her opinion no matter
whom the performer.
Miss Bedttie's main fear is that
unfavorable reviews will alienate
the celebrities and hurt their feel-
ings. Would she then have us ig-
nore the quality of the perform-
ance? If so, what is the purpose of
the critic? Obviously Beattie's ar-
gnent holds no water; Voss is
just what The Daily needs.
It is quite in accord with the
times that she, who has had the
courage to persist according to her
conscience in spite of the bedazz-
led blind mice and their butcher
knives, should become unpopular.
But I offer her a bouquet because
she has not been afraid to judge
honestly and capably what she
sees. It is important today to think.
It is important to value the in-
telligent person who does not com-
promise with blind acceptance and
generalities. It is important not to
stop thinking because we are told
that this or that performer is a
-William Himelhoch
EDITOR'S NOTE: Miss Voss was
glad to read this, but it was Miss Goss
who had been criticized by Miss
*7 w




(continued from Page 2')

__ I


T HE USUALLY resourceful Soviet for-
eign minister, Andrei Vishinsky, seems
to have pulled the prize propaganda blunder
of the year with his statement in Paris that
the Western disarmament proposal "made
him laugh so hard he couldn't sleep."
At the same time President Truman cer-
tainly didn't help the western cause by
his statement some weeks ago that nego-
tiations with the Russians are useless and
that the only language they understand is
military power.
It might well be that both men were in
earnest; perhaps Vishinski couldn't sleep
and perhaps Mr. Truman does believe that
talks with Moscow are useless. But neither
man, if he valued world opinion toward his
government's foreign policy, should have
been so rash.

have built up our military might and are in
a position to meet power with power. Of
course, many Americans agree that power
politics is the only way of conducting inter-
national relations today. But there also are
many who cling to the hope that through
negotiation and conciliation we may find
the basis for resolving the major sources of
world tension.
The President's words will not create faith
in our foreign policy among these believers
in the United Nations, and even more im-
portant will not add to our prestige in West-
ern Europe where people already are deeply
suspicious of American policy.
As for Vishinski's blunder we might say
that he should know better because he has
been trained in the Russian school of pro-
paganda, which is considered by many as
the best in the world. For months the Rus-
sians have been denouncing the West for
preparing for war, while Russia is working
for peace.
By making a joke of the Western pro-
posal to reduce armaments Vishinski has
opened Russia up to the charge of not
being willing even to talk about a reason-
able plan to ease world tension. If the plan
actually had been ridiculous in the eyes

speak on "The Measurement of the Ve-
locity of Sound in the Ocean."
Union Weekly Bridge Tournament I
Wednesday willn mark the last of the
elimination tournaments to determine
the candidates who yil represent Mich-
igan in the National Tournament in
Detroit Saturday night. Candidates
participating for the first time will
have a chance to go to Detroit. Ter-
race room of the union at 7:15 p.m.
Everyone is invited and coeds may ob-
tain 11:30 permission from their house-
Sigma Delta Chi: Lecture by Basil L.
Walters, executive editor of the Knight
newspapers, 3 p.m., Wed., Rackham
Amphitheater. The Forgotten Right."
S.D.X.-sponsored coffee hour following
lecture in Department of Journalism
Newsroom. S.D.X. fal term initiation
at 5 p.m., Michigan Union. Initiation
banquet to follow at 6:30 p.m.; speak-
er at initiation banquet will be Mr.
Walters. All undergraduate and profes-
sional S.D.X. members must attend the
AFROTC Drill for Wed. will be held
outside of the IM Building unless rain
or snow does not permit.
Michigan Arts Chorale. Meets 7 p.m.'
University High School auditorium.
Hillel Social Committee meeting 7:30
p.m., Lane Hall.
Roger Williams Guild: 4:30-6:00 Tea!
and Talk.
Society of Automotive Engineers. Meet
in the auto lab to run model engines
and development method of calibrating
speed runs. 8 p.m.
Panhellenic Rushing. There will be a
rushing chairmen's meeting today in
the League at 4:30.
There will be an SL meeting tonight,
7:30 p.m., in the Anderson-Strauss din-
ing room of the East Quad. Cabinet
elections will be held at this time. All
interested students are invited to at-
Study Group in Basic Zionist Prob-
lems. 7:30 p.m. in Lane Hall. Everyone

A.S.M.E. meeting, Nov. 28, at 7:15
p.m., in room 3G of the Michigan Un-
ion. Mr. R. E. Cross will speak on
"Electronic Controls." Ensian pictures
will be taken at this meeting.
Opening of Exhibit of Paintings of
Christian Art and water Color Scenes
in India, by Miss Angela Trindade, 8-10
p.m., Lane Hall. At 8:30 p.m., Miss
Trindade will lecture on Christian Art
in India and talk informally about the
collection. The exhibit will continue in
Lane Hall, Nov. 28 thru Dec. 6, open to
the public, 3:30 to 5:30, daily.
Wesleyan Guild: Cabinet meeting, at
8:30 p.m. Urgent business.
Wesleyan Guild: Do-Drop-In for tea
and talk, 4 to 5:30 p.m., at the Guild.
Guests are welcome.
Coming Events
International Center Weekly Tea for
foreign students and American friends,
4:30-6 p.m., Thurs., Nov. 29.
Organizational meeting for a group
to work on academic freedom and civil
liberties on this and other campuses.
Thurs., Nov. 29, 8 p.m., League. All in-
terested are invited.
Camp Councilor's Club. Meeting (for
males), 4:15 p.m., Thurs., Nov. 29, 2432
University Elementary School.
There will be a meeting of the Young
Republicans in the Mich. League on
Thurs., Nov. 29, at 7:30. The speaker
of the evening will be John Tope Na-
tional Chairmanofpthe Young Repub-
licans. He will speak on national poli-
U. of M. Sailing Club, meeting 7:30
p.m., Thurs., Nov. 29, 311 West Engi-
neering. Film of '49 Honolulu race to
be shown with sound and in techni-
color. The public is invited.
General Meeting: Pershing Rifles,
Thurs., 7:30 p.m., Rifle Range. Bring
gym shoes.
Spanish Club Dinner. Sat., Dec. 1.
International Institute in Detroit. 6-11
p.m. For further information, contact
Mr. Pasquariello, Rm. 404 RL or Ex.



Sixty-Second Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board of Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
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Bob Keith................City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
Ven Emerson ..........Feature Editor
Rich Thomas ..........Associate Editor
Ron Watts ...........Associate Editor
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Ted Papes..............Sports Editor
George Flint ...Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker ., . Associate Sports Editor
Jan James..........Women's Editor
Jo Ketelhut. Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob Miller .........Business Manager
Gene Kuthy. Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ... Advertising Manager
Sally Fish........... Finance Manager
Stu Ward.........,Circulation Manager
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Subscription during regular school
year: by carrier, $6.00; by mail, $7.00.

Consider the President's words. He as
much as said that we can close the door to
further talks with the Russians until we
New Books at the Library
Douglas, William O.-Strange Lands and
Friendly People. New York, Harper and



I see, You call this your living room
because you live in it a great deal?

It pleases them to see me basking
in front of it. Here on the floor.

Professor! Down! Down before they-
-I mean, you're eager to see the rest
of my house, aren't you? Come on-




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