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November 22, 1951 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1951-11-22

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I
A.

PAGE FOUR

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1951

1

THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1951

(4ih ted
THIS IS A little story, but not an insigni-
ficant one. It is taking place at Fort
Bragg in North Carolina. The camp itself is
not out of the ordinary as far as army posts
go, except that it is bigger than most.
What is different are the children. There
are about 1,500 of them living with t'rir
parents on the post. A fifth of these sare
Negroes. These, along with their white
neighbors are attending what are suppos-
ed to be the South's first non-segregated
elementary schools. And everyone seems
quite happy about the arrangement.
The thing seems just a matter of-fact to
most of the people living in the camp. The
post's chief of staff explains simply "The
schools have to be unsegregated. They are
supported by Federal funds. It's the law."
Really it would seem more complicated
than that. So many people throughout the
country argue that no one can legislate ra-
cial discrimination out of existence. The na-
tion's courts have again and again ruled on
the problem in relation to suffrage require-
ments and segregated schools. The cases
have been long and bitter. Here on campus
the arguments have centered about Greek
letter societies.
The arguments go in circles, generally
ending with the supposition that it will all
work out in time. "It's our problem," say
those with bias clauses and segregated
school systems. "Let us handle it-without
pressure."
Then suddenly someone does use what
amounts to pressure. It works. But these
isolated instances are never brought for-
ward as examples of an effective solution to
the problem. So the claims that nothing
works but time go on.
It seems unfortunate to me that the on-
ly large-scale public recognition of the
bias issue is given to violent examples of
racism or weak, theoretical arguments
about it. In Fort Bragg there is something
concrete; something that shows most of
the talk is nothing but talk.
Again, it is probably too bad that these
successes have to come out of army living
as they do increasingly. However, a solid
program of presenting the information con-
cerning success in the armed forces would
not only clarify the soundness of this pro-
gram but perhaps lead to its expansion into
civilian life.
-Vernon Emerson
Generation
THE THREE OR FOUR brave individuals
who with about 30 former contributors
and staffmen of Generation, attended the
magazine's forum Tuesday night may very
well have been disillusioned by the appear-
ances of the staff members.
Instead of the motley crew of bearded,
long-haired Communists, Bohemians and
psuedo-intellects, which campus attitude
might have them expect, they were greeted
by rational, clean-shaven, sincere young
men in tweed jackets, a few unobtrusive
poets and some charming and talented
young' women.
Generation's staff resignedly listened to
the criticisms which fell in a heap upon
them: "arty, unintelligible, obscure and too
serious."
Constructive suggestions were intently
noted. Toward the middle of the evening it
became obvious that those present felt the
magazine faces the choice of one of two
alternatives: They may hope to increase
their circulation by lowering the level of
their material or they may maintain their
present status, "presenting the best in stu-
dent art" and face facts; that they are a

class magazine and cannot expect to appeal
to the average Gargoyle addict.
There is a third choice, however, one
which was touched upon slightly at the for-
um but which remains for the editors them-
selves to expand.
The format ot the magazine can be al-
tered considerably, yet still remain with
its category of a "class magazine" and ap-
peal at least to an increased portion of
that class.
The depression and extreme pessimism
which seemed responsible for all 25 of the,
stories submitted for the forthcoming Win-
ter issue ending with either futility, disas-
ter or frustration, must lie with the student
contributor. Yet Generation has not been
without a lighter tone. An occasional bit of
fine satire has been present, heightened by
a series of charming sketches by John Good-
year, which have found their way into even
the most serious and depressing of stories.
Yet the magazine's lighter more charming
moments have often been obscured in the
artiness and obvious phoniness of much of
the make-up. The unusual effects which find
their way even into the advertisements
seems so contrived that they manage to con-
vey the overall effect of artiness, blanket-
ing the more successful elements of the ma-
gazine.
An honest, subtle approach in format
might be the very change which Generation
so needs.
Unfortunately, however, Tuesday's for-
um with its wealth of constructive criti-
cism was held after the material for the
forthcoming issue had been sent to the
printers. The efforts of the editors to se-

Newspaper Gag

The Night Vishinsky Couldn't Sleep For Laughing

THERE IS PERHAPS a no more universal-
ly-accepted principle in this country than
freedom of the press. The proponents of a
free press, however, make up a motley crew
of strange bedfellows.
There are those, who represent special
or partisan interests, clamoring boister-
ously and demanding the right to further
those interests through the medium of a
free press. Although we may look upon
these persons contemptuously or pass over
their "good morning" columns with a kind
of sympathy, their right to endemic opin-
ions is firmly established and rightly pro-
tected from infringement.
Then there are those who seek to utilize
the press for the explicit purpose of up-
heaving our political and economic structure.
Paradoxically, these persons are bent on ov-
erthrowing the very democracy which pro-
tects their freedom to write abusively. The
CP's and the Gerald L. K. Smith's may be
ranked in this category.
Academically speaking, one might deem it
unwise to gag these extremists through legal
means; if the occasion arises, however, and
the times become more critical, no other al-
ternative will be more expedient.
Finally, there are those who insist upon
the right to put forth their honest opin-
ions bolstered with responsible and con-
structive criticism. A dwindling minority,
these individuals are convinced that a
free press is indispensible to this country's
survival as a democracy and to its con-
tinued progress,
Unfortunately, the latter group, which has
the interests of the nation as a whole ut-
most in its mind, has been running into

some tough sledding lately, treatment which
it hardly deserves.
Monday, John H. Crider, editor of the
Boston Herald, resigned because his own
paper refused to publish a review he wrote
on Senator Taft's book, "Foreign Policy for
Americans."
Crider,a Pulitzer Prize editorial writer,
claimed he wrote "what I thought was a
fair review of Taft's book with a com-
ment or two of my own thoughts about
the man.
"I thought I bent over backward to be fair
to Taft," Crider explained, "but I also
thought it necessary to put into the article
my honest judgment.
"After all," he added, "if you can't say in
your own paper what you honestly believe,
then there is no point in continuing in the
service of that paper."
Ironically, Crider's- resignation took
place the very day that the expropriated
Argentine paper La Prensa, dominated
with pictures of Peron and echoing the
dictator's party line, resumed publication.
American newspapers all over the coun-
try had protested the silencing of the lib-
eral La Prensa. Now, the Boston Herald is
guilty of a similar act on an individual
level.
Such an intolerable restriction as that
placed upon Editor Crider was certainly un-
called for, obviously gratuitous. Journalists
of his caliber should not, be shackled, but
rather encouraged. The William Allen White
era of courageous journalism must not be
regarded as a thing of the past, unless we
are willing to face the threat of expropriated
newsprint.
-Cal Samra

tetteM4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general Interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

a

ON THE

I

MATTE R

Jr FAC,,.T

By STEWART ALSOP

w

THE ISLAND IN THE SEA
TEL AVIV-"You can say that again,
brother."
This remark, in a strong Mid-Western ac-
cent, comes strangely to the ears on a chilly
windswept northern mountaintop in this
ancient land. The remark is made by a
wiry, wry, blond boy from Minnesota, in
answer to a question-isn't it a tough job to
cultivate this mountain soil, which seems to
consist more of rocks than of soil? The Min-
nesotan is the accountant of a Kibbutz, or
agricultural settlement, founded a couple of
year ago by ninety-odd American Zionists.
On the very top of the mountain is what
remains of an Arab village, now a mere
rubble and jumble of yellow stones, piled
higgledy-piggledy on top of each other.
Just below these ruins are the sleeping
quarters of the Kibbutz, long green wood-
en shacks, like the huts in the cheapest
sort of American summer resort. The
shacks are divided oiff into cubicles, on a
simple door-window, door-window pat-
tern. To each of these tiny, unheated cu-
bicles a couple is assigned. These cubicles
are the only private retreat of the Kib-
butz members. Their children are cared
for collectively, and all eat together in a
communal dining hall.
For two years now, the members of this
collective have been living an incredibly hard
life on this naked mountaintop, somehow
wresting a bare subsistence from the dry,
rocky soil, slowly building permanent living
quarters with their own hands, living with-
out privacy, without money, without even
clothes of their own. There is something
grim yet genuinely moving in this dedicated
monastic living, so utterly outside the ex-
perience of most Americans.
Yet to the American newly-arrived here,
there is something grimly moving, too,
about the mouldering ruins of the Arab
village. For these ruins must surely serve
as a constant reminder that the land
now cultivated by the Kibbutz members
gave a iving, not long ago, to men of a
different race. What happened, the Min-
nesota boy is asked, to the village and the
Arabs who lived in it?
The Arabs, he says, ran away during the
Arab-Israeli War. As for the village, it was
dynamited after the Arabs ran away. This
was the policy of the government, he says
wryly-to "dissuade" the Arabs from re-
turning. What does he think of this matter
of the taking over of Arab land? Does it ever
worry him and the other members of the
Kibbutz?

THIS QUESTION, the boy from Minnesota
answers simply, used to trouble them all
deeply, both as Americans and as Marxists
(for this, like the majority of the agricul-
tural collectives, it a left-wing Kibbutz).
They would ask each other the question, and
never find a really satisfactory answer. But
that was only at the beginning. Now, hardly
anybody thinks about it any more.
This incident serves to illustrate both
the strength and the weakness of the new
Israeli state. On the one hand, there is
the fierce idealism which has led this like-
able Middle-Westerner, like hundreds of
thousands of his fellow Jews from all over
the world, to sacrifice everything in or-
der to build a new life and a new nation
on this inhospitable soil.
Yet there is weakness too. It lies in the
simple fact that almost 900,000 Arabs (ac-
cording to the latest United Nations' head
count) once lived in the houses and owned
the shops and worked the land now lived in
and owned and worked by hundreds of
thousands of Israelis.
It is true that the Arabs started the war,
and that they would have driven every
last Jew into the sea if they had been
able to. It is true that most of the Arabs
ran away. The terrible need of the Jews
for a land of their own is true. But it is
also true that the founding of this nation
involved taking over the property and
livelihood of hundreds of thousands of
people. No doubt there was no other way.
Yet a nation so founded is by the very
nature of things condemned to live for a
long time as an island in a sea of hate
and fear.
This hate and fear, according to those who
know this area best, is no simple matter of
the mouthings of an occasional demagogue
or fanatic. It is a deep and long-lasting emo-
tion. This is by no means to say that the
United States should abandon support of
this state. Indeed, for all sorts of reasons, it
is in the plain American interest that the
extraordinary experiment here should not
fail. Even so, the passionate Arab reaction
to the establishment of this state should be
accepted for what it is-one of the central
political factors in this whole threatened,
vital area. And the Arab reaction is as un-
derstandable in its way as the desperate
need and the terrible memories which drove
the Jews into establishing, for the first time
in 2,000 years, a state of their own.
(Copyright, i951, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)

Washington Merry-G-Round
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-The job of finding a spotless company to produce
aluminum for lagging defense production is much like that of
Diogenes looking for an honest man.
Below are printed the war records of the three chief compan-
ies considered by the National Production Authority for aid in
setting up a new aluminum plant. Significantly no agency of
the government bothered to look up these records, but left it to
the press. Today the FBI is required to spend weeks, sometimes
months, checking on the loyalty of a prospective government em-
ployee; while there is absolutely no system for checking on the
records of companies getting lush war contracts.
Furthermore, Secretary of the Navy Dan Kimball has flatly re-
fused to give the record on the Harvey Machine Company to his
Cabinet colleague, the Secretary of the Interior, or to a House
investigating committee. (Kimball and the Harveys are Californians,
with Lawrence Harvey high in Democratic Political councils.)
In addition the Defense Mobilization Administration is barred
by Congress from building plants of its own if it cannot find a
company qualified to build one. This ban, urged by GOP Sena-
tors Mundt of South Dakota and Taft of Ohio has seriously im-
peded defense mobilization:
Meanwhile, the Navy records, which this columnist has seen,
show that the Harvey Machine Company was investigated by Naval
Intelligence during the war for making off-sized gauges which pre-
sumably would help to pass off-sized shells past Naval inspectors
without the inspectors realizing the shells did not fit specifications.
A naval report, dated Jan. 27, 1944, signed by Capt. L. D. Webb,
and recommending against the use of Harvey on another navy con-
tract, quotes naval intelligence, in part, as follows:
x '
- NAVAL REPORT -
"'A CHECK of gauges at the Long Beach plant of subject, disclosed
that one of the gauges being used for Navy inspection was de-
fective. Investigation disclosed that approximately 150 defective
gauges manufactured by subject were delivered to the Long Beach
plant for use in company and Navy inspection. The defect in these
gauges was such as would enable subject to attain the acceptance of
faulty projectiles by the Navy. Investigation discloses that Herbert
Harvey, plant manager, purposely devised a gear-ratio to be used on
the Navy-owned thread-grinding machine used to manufacture the
gauges. The defect in the gauges caused by use of the substandard
gear-ratio was not discernible without thorough examination. Admiral
Joseph R. Defrees . . . requested that steps be taken to cause the in-
stitution of criminal proceedings, if a criminal statute has been vio-
lated.'
"Dated 22 May 1943, the cognizant War Frauds Division
prosecutor of the Department of Justice, in writing to say that
'inherent weaknesses of the case' (i.e. inability to prove to a jury
the Navy Department was seriously injured by subject's actions)
would make it extremely difficult to secure a conviction, added:
"'This does not mean, however, that we have closed our files on
this matter, and I have asked one of our attorneys to prepare a mem-
orandum of law applicable to the facts set forth in the investigative
reports.'
*4 * * *
- TWO WRONGS EQUAL ONE RIGHT -
AFTER the Harvey record was published, NPA proceeded to award
the aluminum contract in Montana to both Harvey and Anaconda
Copper, apparently on the theory that two wrongs make a right. For
Anaconda Wire and Copper had a far worse record than Harvey.
Furthermore, Olin industries, also under consideration for
the aluminum contract. likewise had a worse record than Harvey.
ANACONDA RECORD-Anaconda Wire and Cable, one of the
largest Anaconda subsidiaries, was twice convicted for war frauds
and sabotage in selling faulty wire to the Army, Navy and Air Force.
Alex Campbell, U.S. Attorney who prosecuted Anaconda at
Ft. Wayne, Ind., states that Anaconda's inspectors had pretended
to test wire and passed it on to Army and Navy inspectors with
an O.K. tag on it-though actually it was not inspected.
Part of the wire was used for artillery communications in 'the
field; part was degaussing wire to protect warships from submarine
attack. Fortunately, the wire was caught before it got into combat.
OLIN INDUSTRIES RECORD-Another company under consid-
eration for government aluminum aid is Olin Industries-by no means
little business-which operates Winchester Arms; New Haven Bond
Electric Corp.; Western Powder at Peoria, Ill., etc.
During the war ten members of one subsidiary, U.S. Cartridge,
were indicted in St. Louis, for a conspiracy to pass defective ammuni-
tion, making false statements, and violating the sabotage act. Tried
in April 1944, they were found not guilty. A second indictment
dragged on for seven years and in 1950 was dropped by the govern-
ment. The government is now appealing a civil suit for $214,000
against U.S. Cartridge to recover damages which it lost in the lower
court.
(Copyright, 1951, by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

Egyptian Situation . . .
To the Editor:
CONCERNING the present Egyp-
tian-British dispute two ques-
tions are asked by my American
friends and unfortunately ade-
quate answers are not to be found
in the American press . .
1. Why did Egypt abrogate the
1936 treaty with Britain? The
treaty conflicts with the United
Nations charter of 1945. Also, the
treaty was concluded under the
shadow of occupation ... Another
important reason is that the Brit-
ish violated the treaty; the num-
ber of British troops in the Canal
area has been increased and the
area allocated to them extended.
Another is the non-observance of
the health measures imposed by
the Egyptian Government . . . An-
other is the attitude which was
taken by the British during the
Palestine war; the 1936 treaty
stipulates that each party should
not take, in its relation with for-
eign states, a stand that would
conflict with the alliance .. . The
British have withheld, since 1936,
all military equipment from Egypt
even down to the rifles required
for use by the Egyptian Police
Force. Although the Sudan is
supposed to be under joint juris-
diction . . . the British Governor
of Sudan pays no attention to the
recommendations of the Egyptian
Government.
2. Is the Egyptian abrogation
of the treaty related to the Iran-
ian-British dispute? The Egyp-
tian-British crisis was brought to,
and later shelved by the Security
Council in 1947. Negotiations have
been carried on intermittently
since that time until ... August
1951 and the refusal of the British
to fix a definite date to send their
suggestions on defense and on the
Sudan. The Egyptian government
insisted that it should receive an
answer before the Parliament ad-
journed in the first week of Octo-
ber. When London did not an-
swer the Premier had to face the
Parliament with facts.
Of interest also is the recent
meetings of the Russian Minister
and Egypt's Foreign Minister at
Cairo. These talks are not new
and are not arranged to be at the
present critical time. Last year
similar talks took place and we
sold our cotton crop to Russia as
well as to other countries .. .
Egypt is not the only country
which deals commercially with
the Reds, the British do too.
I should like to stress the fact
that communism in Egypt is
against the law...
-Emile T. Abdel-Malek
Daily Humor ..
To the Editor:
AS A MEMBER of the Editorial
staff of the excrutiatingly
funny Gargoyle humor magazine,
I hereby lodge a formal complaint
against the Michigan Daily. The
charge centers on the fact that
The Daily has made a deliberate
attempt to compete with Gargoyle
humor during the past semester.
True, you have attempted to hide
the humor between the lines, but
it has not escaped me. I have proof
of my charge in black and white.
For instance, at the beginning of
the semester, you printed an ar-
ticle about a coed "who held the
pots last year" instead of "post."
My friends roared with delight,
unaware that the Daily could be
so funny.
Recently, on the sport page of
The Daily, appeared another scur-
rilous example of your attempts to
out-do the Garg. The writer told
of "a new face that would be seen

on the Michigan gridiron tlis
year; a 15 pound guard from De-
troit." My friends, all room-mates,
responded to this by tearing the
paper from the walls. To add in-
sult to injury, they all rushed out
and ordered five additional sub-
scriptions of The Daily, in order
to replace the wall-paper.
But Tuesday's Daily supplied the
last straw, if I may borrow a tat-
tered cliche from your plagiarized
pages of print. You stated in large
letters as a caption to an article
concerning the flood in Italy, "PQ
Still Flooding, Detroit Over 100!"
According to the article, you
meant "Death Toll," but you knew
"Detroit" would be funnier, am I
right? Well, it was. For although
I tried desperately to prevent my
roommates from seeing the issue,
they found it anyway, and pro-
ceeded to break up the furniture

and tossed each other down the
stairs, including me. This, they ex-
plained was merely to give vent to
their natural-born appreciation of
hilarious humor. The humor of
the situation somehow eluded me,
however.
I hesitate to contemplate the ef-
fect on my roommates, as well as
the entire student body if you in-
sist on continuing your present
"intentional humor" policy. I shall
be watching, and waiting for evi-
dence of your decision on this mat-
ter.
-Stan Challis
EDITOR'S NOTE: Rest comfortably.
Gargoyle challis, the good, grey lady
of Ann Arbor is still the same. The
"intentional humor" policy is really
the bedevilment of a besotted Night
Editor who has also been changing
names and football scores, splitting
infinitives, and trying hard to sneak
pornography into The Daily. We have
since assigned him to the Electroen-
caphalographic beat.
Socialist Ban . .
To the Editor:
THE REPORT in Tuesday's Daily
inregard to the University of
California's action in barring Max
Schactman as a speaker on cam-
pus is perhaps one of the best ex-
amples yet to come to light of the
absurdity-and irony-of the na-
tionwide "loyalty" hysteria. If
there is any excuse for the subver-
sive list at all, it is that in this
period of crisis the American pub-
lic needs to be made aware of the
numerous Stalinist "fifth column"
front organizations. As one who
recently heard an address given
by Max Schactman. I would like
to say that not only is he not a
Stalinist or fellow-traveler, but
that his Independent Socialist
League is one of the few groups in
this country with a plan for a
democratic foreign policy which at
least offers a chance to defeat
Soviet imperialism without re-
course to an atomic holocaust. The
ISL is a Marxist socialist organi-
zation (of which, incidentally, I
am not a member) which states
that it "stands for socialist demo-
cracy and against the two systems
of exploitation which now divide
the world: capitalism and Stalin-
ism." Its specific statement in re-
gard to Stalinism, as published in
the current issue of Labor Action
is as follows: "Stalinism, in Rus-
sia and wherever it holds power, is
a brutal totalitarianism-a new
form of exploitation. Its agents in
every country, the Communist
Parties, are unrelenting enemies
of Socialism and have nothing in
common with socialism -- which
cannot exist without effective de-
mocratic control by the people."
-Henry Elsner, Jr.
1.

4

CURRE NTMOVIE-

Sixty-Second Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board of Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Chuck Elliott........Managing Editor
Bob Keith ............ ....City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
Vern Emerson .........Feature Editor
Rich Thomas ..........Associate Editor
Ron Watts ............Associate Editor
Bob Vaughn .. ... Associate Editor
Ted Papes .............. Sports Editor
George Flint ...Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker ... Associate Sports Editor
Jan James ............Women's Editor
Jo Ketelhut, Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob Miller ..........Business Manager
Gene Kuthy. Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ... Advertising Manager
Sally Fish..........Finance Manager
Stu Ward.........Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
or all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor. Michigan, as second-class mail
matter.
Subscription during regular school
year: by carrier, $6.00; by mai, $7.00.

A t The Michigan..
THE LADY TAKES A CHANCE, with
Stephen McNally, Linda Darnell, Gigi
Perreau and Virginia Field.
IT WAS very kind of them to serve up a
turkey in honor of Thanksgiving day.
This comedy-travelogue about a school-
marm who has just been named teacher
of the year and is a bit sick of the whole
thing is very appropriate for an evacuated
Ann Arbor.
It seems that Linda Darnell, as the teach-
er, is constantly harrassed by men who want
her to mother them or their children. Miss
Darnell evidently feels that they've got one
mother, and isnotinterested in nursery
rhymes. Her advice to the parents of

At any rate, this rather glamorous peda-
gogue heads for Reno for her vacation, and
there meets up with the big bad gambler,
played stoically by Stephen McNally. Mr.
McNally, who has had better parts and evi-
dently took this one to keep in practice, is
wooden but credible as the heart-of-gold
guy with a sweet little daughter.
Miss Darnell loses while gambling in Mr.
McNally's joint, and thereby owes Mr.
McNally seven thousand dollars. She
doesn't have that much with her, and is
cajoled into taking over the care of the
gambler's moppet until that young lady
is rid of her repressions.
Miss Darnell, who has been looking for
just such a one as Mr. McNally-who doesn't
have such a complete mother complex as

4

BARNABY

t

Wh W do you Earthfolk build your
houses with such unwieldy doors?

It's also their job
to tend the doors.
When 1 happen to

But if it ever happened,
Mr. Baxter, thwt none of

But in that case
I would happen ' /

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