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November 17, 1951 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1951-11-17

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Southern Revolt

HOT SPRINGS, Ark.-A strong flavor of
"this is where I came in" clings to news
developments with respect to the Southern
"revolt" against the concepts that have
elected a Democratic president five times
beginning with 1932.
Reporters old at the story are often ac-
cused of fanning the flames and to
southern governors the conference just
concluded here is no exception. The
states' rights governors seemed to feel that
somehow they had been euchred into
putting up an argument which was un-
timely since they have reason to believe
that President Truman does not now in-
tend to be their 1952 whipping boy. How-
ever, challenged by Govs. Sidney McMath
of Arkansas and Kerr Scott of North
Carolina with a strong assist from Speaker
Sam Rayburn, they dutifully put on their
What is difficult for the visiting corre-
spondent to judge is the political depth of
the struggle.
States' rights is certainly not a mere shib-
boleth in the South whose Anglo-Saxon
blood, less diluted than that of other re-
gions of the United States, impels them
toward a rugged individualism and a dis-
trust of centralized government. To this is
added the emotional impact of their prob-
lems with their very large Negro minority.
The South, however, yields to none in
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.

its grasp of practical politics, and its poli-
ticians, by and large, are among the
country's ablest. They cannot, with a
straight face, contend that they stand in
any immediate danger of congressional
enactment of the Truman civil-rights pro-
gram. That program per se is dead on the
vine and they know it.
What the Truman program, with its im-
plied threat of federal action, has certainly
done is to spur the drive for civil equality for
the Negro. The defending South has in-
creased its own concessions and the courts
have been active. Many people feel that this
type of gradual improvement is the best
answer. Its emotional content, however, is
low and will not serve to overturn presidents
or upset a state's balance of power.
This is clear to those who oppose Presi-
dent Truman because they are more con-
servative economically and socially. Their
economic conservatism will not raise the
public's blood pressure so they cling to the
other issue. Even so intellectually honest a
man as Senator Byrd of Virginia keeps
warning the South not to be "lulled" by
present inaction and hints that a federal
FEPC is just around the corner.
The pro-Truman Hot Springs conferees
are gambling that you can't scare the
South next year with civil rights. Practi-
cally speaking, this group can be expected
to put pressure upon Mr. Truman to curb
the convinced Fair Dealers in the next
convention as the price of their loyalty.
Most Southern governors are fighting the
federal government strongly on the issue of
federal ownership of the continental shelf,
inaccurately and popularly known as Tide-
lands Oil. Powerful influences within the
states dictate this stand. What it means
to the average voter is hard to tell.
(Copyright, 1951, by The Bell Snydicate, Inc.)

It Seems to Me
occupied the past few months trying to
predict what General Eisenhower will do
next year that few have taken time to con-
sider what kind of President he would make.
There seems to be a certain predisposi-
tion among Americans to think that a man
who distinguishes himself on the battle
field must have the necessary qualifica-
tions to assume the nation's highest po-
litical post. Unfortunately, our national
history does not support this view.
This does not mean that General Eisen-
hower could not be a good President. His
public utterances on national and interna-
tional affairs indicate his deep understand-
ing of the great issues of our day. Also, his
tremendous prestige both at home and
abroad would seem to make him ideally
suited for the most responsible office in the
Western World, in view of the deepening
world crisis.
However, would not Eisenhower's person-
al prestige among people of all political views
be the very thing which could ruin his popu-
If he is elected on the great mass basis
which many thinkhe would be regardless
of which ticket he chooses, he would in
fact be expected to be a "bi-partisan Presi-
dent;" it would be his duty to try and be
the great national leader who could be
over and above petty politics and put the
welare of the nation above all else.
But it would be almost impossible for any
man to assume such a role under our system
of government. No matter how bi-partisan
his support would be in an election, it woUd
not be long before the snipers started shoot-
ing at him for failure to do this or for doing
that in the wrong way. An American Presi-
dent simply cannot assume the role of a
French or German President who is over
and above politics.
The big question then is whether Eisen-
hower, with his traditional military training
and his almost universal backing could fill
an office where his decisions would make
enemies, call forth partisan blasts and cause
doubts in the minds of some voters that he
is the great man that he was thought to be.
The greatest Presidents in American his-
tory have been among the most controver-
sial figures of their times. Starting with
Jefferson and continuing with Jackson,
Lincoln, Wilson and Franklin Roosevelt,
these men have been hated by some and
loved by others. These were men who cast
tradition and unity to the winds and fol-
lowed policies which were bound to cause
Many persons are not convinced that Eis-
enhower could stand up under such condi-
tions. He has convictions, but whether he
could cope in a democratic way with the op-
position that certainly will plague him is a
very debatable question.
I, .

Beware The Quicksand

European Problems
Associated Press News Analyst
A MULTIPLICITY of problems now threaten the whole concept of
the allied defense plan for Western Europe.
The problems have been there all the time, or have been
developing steadily. The appearance of crisis at the moment may
be more apparent than real, since the countries are now tackling
matters which have been laid aside for several montb ending the
French and then the British elections.
Creation by Congress of a new mutual security setup to supervise
both the economic and military allotments of American financial aid
brought a pause in this program which Averell Harriman is only now
beginning to clear up. Europeans have been blaming Americans for
lack of decision which they hold partly responsible for gaps in the re-
armament program.
These gaps, whatever their cause, have in turn handicapped
General Eisenhower's program. More of his trouble, however, is due
to either the lack of European ability or willingness to strain their
economies to the point necessary for carrying out the original mobili-
zation program.
This is reported to have brought a decision that, instead of a
long range program for a big defense setup, immediate concentra-
tion must be on equipment of smaller forces, so that something will
be available soon, rather than more a couple of years from now.
The delay in obtaining agreement on West Germany's role in the
program is another vital factor. Germany is holding out for all she
can get in the way of political concessions before committing herself to
military cooperation.
On the other hand, the French government, while committed to
accept German participation in the European army once the Schuman
plan takes effect, is nevertheless still hampered by concern over Ger-
man rearmament.
The greatest trouble, of course, is that France, Britain and
all the countries are beginning to feel the crimp of a new financial
crisis. American aid has brought their economies just barely to
the point where they are on course, but not to the point where
they can withstand the slightest wind of adversity. The cost of
the arms program is such a wind.
Amid these factors, the U.S. has sent a high level team to Europe
in an effort to eliminate some of the chaos before the Atlantic Pact
meeting in Rome starting Nov. 24.

:k {


. _ 0' *




O0 r fAr


WASHINGTON-In their somewhat mer-
curial way, the American policy makers
have become a lot more hopeful about So-
viet purposes in these last months. The the-
ory is that Western rearmament, although
miserably retarded and very far from com-
plete, has at least gone far enough to in-
spire the Kremlin with real fear of a major
war. Enough faith is placed in this theory
so that a slowdown of Western rearmament
is actually being discussed in some quarters.
Unfortunately this new optimism about
the Kremlin's intentions, which is largely
based on expert judgement, is just about
counterweighted by hard facts giving rise
to pessimism of a different kind. There
may be less reason to worry about what
the Kremlin is going to do; but there are
certainly more reasons to worry about the
internal difficulties of the Western alli-
Some of these are simple military diffi-
culties. For instance, the Korean fighting
has revealed grave defects in our fighter
aircraft, such as the need for cannon arm-
ament which can knock down heavy bomb-
ers. Yet fighters with the right armament,
speed and other qualities will not be coming
off the line in quantity before 1953 at the
earliest. Other difficulties again are direct-
ly political. For instance, the problem of
Germany's new status and Germany's inte-
gration into the Western defense organiza-
tion is growing discouragingly troublesome
to disentangle.
however, are those which reveal heavy
and perhaps unbearable strains on the fun-
damental structure of the Western alliance
itself. Among these, the most important is
the recurrence of economic-financial crisis
in Britain and France. Infinitely too little
attention has been paid, as yet, to this very
grave event.
Aid Program
PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S recent announce-
ment that the United States is going to
allocate $160,000,000 in economic and techni-
cal assistance to the Near East is an en-
couraging event.
It is impossible to conceive of any area
where American dollars can be put to any
better use than in this crucial part of the
world where abject poverty and powerful
nationalistic feelings are threatening to
boil over in a manner which would be dis-
astrous to the interests of all but the Com-
Anti-British feeling which has been arous-
ed in Iran and Egypt is rapidly being trans-
formed into an anti-Western attitude
throughout the Middle East. Memories of
years of European imperialism in the area
make the people naturally suspicious of all
Western motives. The Arab nations hold us
largely responsible for the establishment of
the State of Israel on territory that was for-
merly theirs.
The Communists have shown no hesi-
tancy in taking advantage of this growing
anti-Western sentiment. They have ef-
fectively played-up to the nationalism and
religious zeal which are the strongest mo-
tivating forces in the area. Their promises

Flights from both sterling and the franc
are now in full progress. The British, who
began the year with hard currency re-
serves osf above $4,000,000,000, lost over
$650,000,000 from their reserves in the
quarter ending Sept. 30, and another $320,-
000,000 in the month of October alone.
Withdrawals from reserves continuing at
this rate will bankrupt Britain, totally,
finally and irrevocably, in not too many
months' time. The French, with much
more slender reserves, have also been los-
ing their nest-egg cash at an alarming
rate; and their situation is further com-
plicated by the weakness of their govern-
ment and their loose currency controls.
The source of the trouble is the double
strain imposed on France and Britain by the
world price inflation, and by the burden of
rearmament. The new British government
has moved boldly to halt the drain from their
reserves. W. Averell Harriman is also con-
certing measures which will tide our allies
over the immediate emergency. The most
likely method will be, in effect, to borrow
somewhere between $500,000,000 and $1,000,-
000,000 from the enormous funds already ap-
propriated but not yet expended for Ameri-
can defense, and to apply this borrowed
money to helping Britain and France.
In fact, however, even if all goes well, the
British are expected to lose an over-all total
of $1.500,000,000 from reserves and to con-
sume a minimum of $300,000,000 of addition-
al American aid, before they again achieve a
precarious stability. The French position is
among higher American policy makers
that crises of this sort will continue to re-
cur, and will continue to demand new rescue
parties, unless stronger measures are taken
to cure the trouble at its source. Endless res-
cue parties are more and more disliked. Yet
any attempt to go to the source of the trouble
will demand a most radical readjustment in
the existing economic political relationship
between this country and the other Western
Again, in the Middle East, another fear-
ful strain is being produced by what may
be called the disintegration of the flanks
of the Western alliance. The position in
Egypt, which has been described at length
in reports from the scene in this space, is
already downright terrifying. The State
Department's efforts to cover the gaping
wound in Iran with a nice little pink
band-aid have finally broken down, as was
inevitable. The whole of the Middle East,
one of the world's three great strategically
vital areas, is deeply inflamed. Again a
real cure will demand most radical meas-
The danger, then, has shifted. While the
imminent risk of Kremlin aggression has
grown much less, another imminent risk, of
a serious break-down within the Western
alliance, has grown much greater. It is six
of one and half-a-dozen of the other. For the
moment the Western alliance is immobilized
or even greatly weakened by such a break-
down, the risk of Kremlin aggression will
again become very great.
(Copyright, 1951, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
New Books at the Library
Douglas, Lloyd-Time to Remember. Bos-


Washington Merry-Go-Round
W1ASHINGTON-Here is the inside story on the Korean truce talks.
General Ridgway has cabled a strong recommendation to the
Pentagon that we keep the military pressure on the Communists until
all the terms of the armistice are settled. Otherwise, he warns that the
Chinese will stall over such matters as inspection teams and exchang-
ing prisoners.
Ridgway also claimed that his Corces can hurry the final arm-
istice-provided they remain free to twist the Communists' arm.
On the other hand, lie argues that afer a truce his men won't feel
like fighting for ground that they know is going to be given back
anyway. Ridgway's gamble is that his tactics won't cause a break-
down of the talks, but will actually speed the final armistice.
However, there is no question but that Ridgway's proposal re-
presents a definite and important change of policy. Therefore his pro-
posal is still under active consideration by the Joint Chiefs of Staff
and the National Security Council. Until they reach a final decision,
he has been given authority to press his demands at Panmunjon.
Here are the background facts which they are considering.
When we went into the truce talks, the biggest obstacle seemed to
be drawing a truce line. We agreed-in fact, urged--that the truce
line be settled first. This has been the whole question of the past several
weeks. We even drew our proposed truce line on a map so the Com-
munists could have no doubts about it. After months of haggling, the
Communists finally came around to our terms. Their last proposal was
so close to our demands that there was nothing left to haggle over. At
first Washington couldn't understand why Ridgway didn't snap it up,
but sent his negotiators back instead with a flat rejection and a warn-
ing that the truce' line coul'dn't be drawn until the other terms of the
armistice were settled.
* . . *
N OTHER WORDS, we reversed ourselves regarding the proposed
line we had previously drawn; ignored the long months of haggling
over a few yards of ground here, a few miles there; and announced
that a firm line couldn't be drawn until the armistice was ready to be
signed, sealed and delivered...
The reason for this reversal was that originally we agreed to
take up the truce line first, because we then didn't plan to go any-
where during the armistice. We planned to move into strong posi-
tions in the hills and camp there for the winter. In Fact, Ridgway
told Gen. Omar Bradley, as previously reported in this column,
that jeep accidents would outnumber battle casualties this winter.
What Ridgway meant by this was that he didn't plan to do any
fighting. Thus, there was no reason not to draw the truce line first.
The last Communist proposal agrees that the fighting should con-
tinue until the final armistice terms are settled. It even agrees that
our planes should have the right to continue bombing Communist sup-
ply lines.
However, Ridgway is now so confident in his own military strength
and so convinced the Chinese are seriously crippled that he is willing
to gamble on using force in order to speed up the entire negotiations
and gain a more favorable armistice. What he fears is that the Com-
munists will stall once a truce is decided and wait all winter before
agreeing to a final peace. This would mean leaving our prisoners in
Chinese hands during the dread Korean winter-a winter which some
of them could not survive.
HOUSE INVESTIGATORS have asked for a full report on nine de-
linquent San Francisco taxpayers who suddenly paid up after
James G. Smyth was suspended as San Francisco collector.
Heading the list is Ben Swig, owner of the fashionable Fair-
mont Hotel, who is a power in West Coast Democratic politics
and usually entertains President Truman when he comes to town.
Smyth was allowing Swig to pay off a $500,000 tax debt at the rate
of $5,000 per month-on the grounds that he couldn't afford any more.
However, Smyth, was bounced out last month, and Charles Masarik, a
deputy collector from Pittsburgh, was sent to San Francisco to take
Masarik promptly notified Swig that a lien would be put on
his property so the government could collect its money ahead of
any other debts. Within two days Swig coughed up the remaining
$307,000 that was due. The investigators now want to know why
Smyth was so lenient to a taxpayer who could raise so much money
in so short a time.
The same question will also be asked of eight other, lesser cases.
ADM. WILLIAM AGNEW of Bethesda Naval Hospital believes in
brass-hatism even in hospitals. He has asked civilian hospital
workers to stop using the front door .. .. Sen. Harry Cain of Wash-
ington really needed to get in the limelight by touring Seattle with
General MacArthur. His chances of re-election are about as rosy as
MacArthur's chance of being reappointed by Truman .... Keep an
eye on the lady mayor of Portland, Ore., Dorothy Lee, Republican. She
has cleaned up the underworld, made a big hit with women voters,
and probably could defeat Senator Cordon in the GOP primaries .
(Copyright, 1951, by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

i I
At Hill Auditorium .. .
I HAD NEVER heard Alexander Brailowsky
in person before his appearance at Hill
auditorium last night. His Chopin record-
ings had disenchanted me on first acquaint-
ance, but I was hoping for better things from
a public performance. I am sorry to report
that the entire evening amounted to sound
and fury signifying nothing.
Mr. Brailowsky's piano playing is the
poorest I have ever heard on a concert stage.
It is so poor that the evening wasn't funny,
it was tragic; the thought that so many peo-
ple should spend so much time and money
for so little return is incredibly dishearten-
I tried for some minutes before beginning
this review to think of something favorable
to report. I think it is honest to say that
Brailowsky plays with spirit. But spirit does
not substitute for a legitimate approach to
the keyboard or for a musical approach to
the program; both were absent from last
night's recital.
In a way Brailowsky is a poseur; he
approaches the music with conviction, he
goes through the motions of a legitimate
pianist, and at times he is almost convinc-
ing, but if one listens carefully the exter-
ior soon gives way to a shabby interior,
utterly lacking in musical sensitivity.
From the standpoint of technique, Brai-
lowsky's whole physical approach is wrong.
He doesn't play the piano, he bangs it;
waging a sort of personal warfare with the
instrument, he defies all the rules of easy,
natural pianism, and in the end comes out
the loser. The pedal reputedly covers a
multitude of sins, but its over-use last night
could not cover the muddy accompaniment,
blurred scale passages, faked trills and just
plain wrong notes.
From the standpoint of musicianship,
Brailowsky is painfully lackiny in stylistic
sense or interpretive insight. Bach and
Chopin, Beethoven and Liszt all sounded
exactly alike. Brailowsky seems to have

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tivesnotice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent
in TYPEwRITTEN form to Room
2552 Administration Building before
3 p.m. the day preceding publication
(11 a.m. on Saturday).
Open House, President's Residence:
Members of the faculties and staff of
the University and townspeople are in-
vited by President and Mrs. Harlan
Hatcher to an Open House at thePresi-
dent's Residence, 815 S. University Ave-
nue, Sunday, Nov. 18, from 3 to 6 and
8 to 10 p.m.
Late permission for women students
who attended "Ruddigore' 'on wednes-
day and Thursday nights will be no
later than 11:30 p.m.
Late permission for women students
who attended the second showing of
the Duke Ellington show on Thursday
night will be no later than 12:53.
Activities sponsored by student or-
ganizations, including social events,
must be calendared to take place before
the tenth day prior to the beginning of
a final examination period. Final ex-
aminations for the present semester be-
gin January 21.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for Wesley Rob-
ert Hurt, Jr., Anthropology; thesis: "A
Comparative Study of the Preceramic
Occupations of North America," Mon.,
Nov. 19, 4017 Museum, 3 p.m. Chairman,
J. B. Griffin.
Doctoral examination f o r Charles
Bruce Lee, Zoology; thesis: "The Mol-
luscan Family Succineidae in Michigan,
Considerations of Anatomy, Early Em-
bryology and Distribution," Mon., Nov.
19, 2089 Natural Science Bldg., 3 p.m.
Chairman, H. van der Schalie.
Probability Seminar. 4 p.m., Mon.,
Nov. 19, 3001 Angell Hall.
Project M-720-1. Mon., Nov. 19, 7:30
p.m., 3001 Angell Hall.
Events Today
Saturday Luncheon Discussion Group:
Lane Hal, 12:15 p.m. The speakers top-
ic will be on "Belgium." Phone reser-
vations to Lane Hall,.
Congregational-Disciples Guild: Foot-
ball Open House after the game, Guild
Wesleyan Guild: Hamburg fry after
the game, at the Guild. Everyone is
Coming Events
Graduate Outing Club.
Meet at the rear of the Rackham
Building at 2 p.m., Sun., Nov. 18. Hik-
ing and games.
Carleton College.
Everyone who has attended or taught
at Carleton College in Northfield, Min-
nesota, is invited to meet in the Wo-
men's League from 3-5 p.m. Sunday,
Nov. 18.
Industrial Relations Club. 7:30 p.m.,
Mon., Nov. 19, Room 3R, Union. Speak-

er: Mr. Gene Prato, International Rep-
resentative of the UAW-CIO.
Le Cercie Francais: Saint Catherine's
Day Party for which unmarried girls
are to wear home-made hats. Photo-
graph for Michiganensian. Charades.
Coffee. Mon., Nov. 19, 8 p.m., League.
Phi Sigma Biological Society will meet
Mon., Nov. 19, 8 p.m., Rackham Amphi-
theater. Dr. Reuben L. Kahn, Assoc.
Prof. of Serology, will speak on "Uni-
versal Reactions in Health and Dis-
ease." Open to the public.
Hillel: There will be no supper club
this week, but it will be continued in
the very near future.
League Co-Ed Record Concert. Sun.,
Nov. 18, 8:30-10 p.m. Program: Bach-
Brandenburg Concertos 4 & 5 (Prades
Festival); Beethoven-3t concerto (Ru-
binstein & Toscanini); Schubert-Sym-
phony No. 2 in B flat (Munch & Boston
Inter Arts Union-Chamber music at
the home of Anne Stevenson, 904 Olivia,
Sun., Nov. 18, 8 p.m. Everyone inter-
ested is invited.
U. of M. Hot Record Society. A meet-
ing in the League, Sun., Nov. 18, 8 p.m.,
featuring George Lewis, and Jelly Roll
Morton Library of Congress L. P.s.
Everyone is invited.


Sixty-Second Year
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the University of Michigan under the
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Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
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Of course any domesticated specre is


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It confuses them. Makes them




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