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November 02, 1951 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1951-11-02

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New York Dock Strike

IT'S TOO BAD that the charge of sabotage
has gotten mixed up with the New York
Dock Strikers, because the striking long-
shoremen have a legitimate complaint.
Too many people immediately labeled
the strikers as traitors when it was learned
that they were tying up needed war ship-
ping. But the dock rebels have agreed to
return to man army piers and their cause
should now be more sanely evaluated.
When the walkout began on October 15,
Union officials labeled the insurgents as
Communists. The strikers claimed that the
rank-and-file vote had been conducted im-
properly and listed several other criticisms.
The New York City Anti-crime Commit-
tee quickly backed them up. In a statement
signed by chairman Spruile Braden, the
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and. represent the views of the writers only.

committee charged that "the majority of the
locals of the International Longshoremans
Association were dominated by mobsters who
kept the union members in a state of fear
and gave them no opportunity to get a
hearing on their grievances."
The situation, the report went on "was a
result of the "shape up" system and control
of the piers by gangsters and venal politi-
Peace talks are now going on between
the shipping interests, the Union, the in-
surgents and mediators. It is possible that
a quick decision may send the workers
back to the piers and open the shipping
But more important than starting the
ships is solving the problem that the crime
committee has pointed out. Expediancy can
sometimes be the mother of grievances. Al-
though some sort of short term settlement
may be possible, a longer term investigation
of the situation is needed to bring order and
principles back to one of our nation's more
important industries.
-Harland Britz

+ART +
THE CURRENT exhibition at Alumni Me- trasts vividly with Adam's realistically tan
morial Hall is probably the most ambi- body. An angry God faces there, set off
tious project the University Museum of Art against an intensely blue sky. This painting
has undertaken since its inception. By com- will undoubtedly come as close as any to
bining resources with the Grand Rapids Art receiving the attention it deserves.
Gallery, Mr. Slusser and his associates are
able to present 44 "Italian, Spanish and My favorite in the show is Goya's Por-
French Paintings of the 17th and 18th rait the Mariuesa de Fontana. Mal-
Centuries." These are on display in the North raux has noted, in contrasting another
and West Galleries, and will remain here un- Goya portrait with a Gainsborough, that
it is better to be enchanted than to be
til November 28th. Such an opportunity as
this rarely presents itself in Ann Arbor, so a duchess. That just about sums it up;
be sure to take advantage of it. Inone of the others is in the same league.
Goya's coloring is magical, however re-
Gallery-goers who were weaned, as I strained it may be. But it's a waste of
was, on the Impressionists and their suc- space trying to describe it. Go see it-it's
cessors, may at first feel a little uncom- the only painting that creates its own light.
fortable in these surroundings; with few
exceptions, this is a "brown" show. This is agood. The Arist's Cook by ragonar, is de
caused partly by the protective layers of godThAritsCkbFaond sde
varnish on thecanvases, which have be- lightful, and shows off his technical virtu-
come somewhat discolored over the years, osity at its best. Prud'hon's Portrait of a Boy,
but primarily because the Baroque and Greuze's painting of the same title, and
Rococo artists mixed their pigments and Longhi's Portrait of Count Gasparo Gozzi
preferred subdued coloration. will probably please most observers.
On the whole, the landscapes are the least
Religious subjects and portraits form the satisfactory. Lorrain and Poussin are too
bulk of the show, accompanied by land- scholastic, their canvases are too cluttered
scapes, a few genre pictures, and some still with figures to be of much more than his-
life studies. Of the religious subjects, Zur- torical interest...Some of the others are little
baran's St. Francis is the best. The current more than exercises in the rendering of per-
issue of Time reproduces another version of spective, with the details left to look after
the same work, and reports that critics are their own destinies. Even Murillo's Return
amazed at the citizenry's good taste in indi- from the Fields, the best of the lot, is inade-
cating preference for it. No one who sees this quate. It seems incomplete except for a small
one will be amazed, however; Zurbaran's area at lower left.
rendition is very simple but extremely vigor- The genre paintings (which include some
ous. With only a few sombre hues dramatic- of the portraits) are generally whimsical,
ally contrasted he achieves a direct effect and are at least amusing. A few-for ex-
that puts the more complex El Greco beside ample, Le Nain's Children Dancing-have in
it in the shadow. addition a crude vitality and genuine charm.
Such still life studies as Chardin's White Pot
TfEl reco's mgoe elenswn orks, may be only experiments in coloration, tex-
of El Greco's more widely known works, ture, and composition, but they are at any
but the style Is unmistakeable. The com- rate successful.e
position of the picture with its many fig- r
ures is admirably worked out, and the In the South Gallery, there are a num-
scene vividly conveys the desired effect of ber of excellent drawings from the Univer-
movement, but for all the action the paint- sity Museum's collection. This display
ing is less exciting than its neighbor. Still, makes an appropriate companion piece
it is a pleasure to see an original by El to the other, since it covers the same his-
Greco with the naked eye. torical span and features many of the same
artists appearing in the main exhibit.
Caracciolo's Annunciation is as austere as a
St. Francis, and what the Italian yields to Mr. Slusser, Mr. Yonkers (of Grand Ra-
the Spaniard in fqrcefulness he makes up in pids), and their respective staffs deserve all
reverence, which he arouses in the observer. the active support we can give them for this
His use of color, and of light and shade, is wonderful showing. Miss Helen Hall, our
both realistic and sensitive. curator, deserves a special vote of thanks for
A real eye-catcher is Furini's Adam and her magnificent work. She not only had a
Eve and God the Father, nor is the beauti- large share in the planning and organiza-
fully sensuous portrayal of the nude Eve the tion of the project, but also wrote the intro-
sole reason. The most compelling quality in ductory pages for the catalog, and the in-
the picture is the artist's unique use of color. formative notes on the labels.
Eve's chalky white, luminescent skin con- -Siegfried Feller

Ike's Visit
Associated Press News Analyst
tomorrow, in the midst of active specu-
lation over his presidential intentions, on
what the White House says is not an emer-
gency visit but which does appear to have
been a somewhat sudden call from the Presi-
There was no immediate word as to the
specific topics on which the President
wishes to confer with the chief of the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization's arm-
ed forces in Europe.
It hardly seems likely that politics would
be a part of the President's agenda, but Eis-
enhower will get plenty of it from other
The whole business of the new "contrac-
tual peace" with Germany centers around
inclusion of German military forces in Eis-
enhower's command, and Germany is trying
to drive a sharp bargain. France is dragging
her feet on the divisions she is supposed to
supply this year, partly because she has no
stable government which can make decisions
stick. Britain is facing a very serious finan-
cial situation which seems likely to prevent
any increase in her defense program and
may actually impair it.
There may be matters connected with
Averell Harriman's assignment as the
chief of the new mutual aid setup which
the President wants to discuss with Eisen-
hower before Harriman and the General
start working together.
These matters, however, will attract less
interest in the United States than any clue
which the General may drop as to his po-
litical intentions.
A rchitectlure A uditorium
Harrison and Linda Darnell.
THIS IS ONE OF those pictures that hap-
pens to get lost in the flood that comes
out of Hollywood annually. At the time of
its release a few years ago, it caused no dis-
cernible ripple, but its comic conception and
inspired slapstick has proved so memorable
to a few of the faithful who recall it that it
is brought back now with all of its bril-
liance intact.
Preston Sturges, the man responsible for
"The Great McGinty" and "The Miracle of
Morgan's Creek," among others, is writer,
producer and director. The plot deals with a
jealQus symphony orchestra conductor who
upon returning from a trip abroad learns
that his wife has apparently been unfaithful
during his absence.
As he conducts his concert, he concocts
three possible solutions to his problem in
three successive numbers which he directs.
In the first he sees himself murdering his
wife and pinning the crime on her in-
amorata. Next he becomes noble, writes a
check for one million dollars and gives her
up. At last in the final number he plays
the heroic husband, invites his rival to a
game of Russian roulette and blows out
his brains. The contrast of reality with
these three versions of himself as hero
is one of the most hilarious resolutions
comedy has been blessed with.
Rex Harrison as the harried husband cap-
tures every nuance of the role with his cus-
tomary expert technic. Linda Darnell is not
called upon for much, her considerable dra-
matic ability being at the date untapped.
Chief supporting role is played by Rudy Val-
lee as a stuffed shirt type.
-Perry Logan

At The State .,..
THE GOLDEN HORDE, with David Far-
rar and Ann Blyth.
HEAD FOR THE hills! Genghis Khan rides
He is swooping down on the State with
his burly mob of furciad warriors-pur-
portedly ten thousand of them. Nothing
stands in his way but Ann Blyth, the
Princess Shalimar of Samarkand.
The armies of Shalimar have been de-
feated, and it is only a matter of days until
the Khan will raze the city. At this juncture
Sir Guy of Devon (David Farrar) comes to
the rescue with his merry band of about
twenty English crusaders.
Shalimar, however, is quite unwilling to
be rescued, and sends Sir Guy and his vows
of allegiance off to the mountains to join
her people. Her plan for stopping Genghis,
which is obviously very original, is'to give
herself to him in exchange for the safety of
her city.
This idea is squelched when the Khan de-
cides to remain in his camp and sends his
son with some Tartars and an unpronounc-
ible allied general with his own troops to
pillage Samarkand.
Quickly reyising her scheme, Shalimar
pits the two barbarians against one another
in the quest for her hand.
After a three-day period of increasing
tension between the generals, the princess
finally succeeds in engineering the massa-
or ofa the' ar.4rc nd tis - a- r-

"I Too Suffer From Land Hunger, Comrade"
- X~JL?
4si 'MC tt~i~tJTpN P /E c



Washington Merry.Go-Round


The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length. defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are rnot in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the

t -A I

ASHINGTON-The Pentagon is keeping mum about it, but, on
October 13, Spanish Dictator Francisco Franco called in Maj.
Gen. James V. Spry, head of the U.S. military mission to Spain, and
staged a savage interview in which he threatened, in effect, to with-
hold the establishment of American bases in Spain.
The interview was so harsh, and Franco's general attitude has
been so unreasonable that General Spry is returning to the United
States with the almost certain recommendation that there be no
U.S. air bases in Spain.
Unless Sen. Pat McCarran, who heads the powerful Spanish lobby
in Washington, is able to batter heads at the Peitagon, this recom-
mendation is likely to be accepted.
What happened was that General Spry was sent to Spain as
head of a joint Naval-Air Force mission to arrange for the much-
publicized bases which Franco supposedly promised to the late
Adm. Forrest Sherman. Although $68,000,000 for Spanish aid was
tacked onto the foreign aid bill by Senator McCarran, this was
done prior to Admiral Sherman's base-deal and the two were never
connected. The offer of bases was made afterward, supposedly
as a gesture of friendship by Franco.
General Spry's mission to survey the best sites for bases was due
to be completed on November 15, and it was agreed in advance that
not until November 15, would he give the Spanish government a ver-
bal resume of his findings.
* * * *
FRANCO, HOWEVER, couldn't wait that long. On October 13 he
abruptly sent for Spry and demanded to know just how much he
could get out of the United States and when.
Taken aback, Spry started to explain that his job was merely
to evaluate Spanish bases, not discuss economic matters. lie did
not have a chance to say more than a few sentences. With only his
first few words translated, Franco cut him short, launched into a
violent harangue. Ie continued without interruption for one hour
and 20 minutes. The American officer simply had to sit there and
take it.
The gist of Franco's tirade was that he needed money and needed
it right away. Therefore, he wanted a detailed list of what was being
offered by the United States-credits, economic concessions, military
equipment-and the U.S.A. wasn't going to get a thing until they put
the dollars on the dotted line.
Even if General Spry was not authorized to talk about these eco-
nomic matters, Franco thundered, he must have seen enough during
his survey to make a report that would serve as a basis for discussion.
Then the man who claims to be Europe's No. 1 anti-Communist
added the real shocker. He curtly told Spry that, regardless of
what the United States offered, he was not sold on having bases
used for "fighting a war all over the Mediterranean area." The
only thing he had agreed to so far, Franco said, was "joint de-
fense of the Iberian peninsula against direct attack."
This was in flat contradiction to earlier commitments reported to
Washington by Admiral Sherman; so General Spry tried to clarify
the issue. But Franco ended the interview as brusquely as he started
it with an admonition to start talking turkey.
** * *
THAT EVENING, General Spry conferred at length with U.S. Am-
bassador Stanton Griffis who was hopping mad over not having been
invited to the conference. Griffis, one of the few Americans who ex-
pressed admiration for Hitler before Pearl Harbor, discounted Franco's
tough talk as a typical bluff and expressed that opinion to the State
Department in a cable dated October 15.
Other events, however, indicate the tirade was not bluff. Si-
multaneously Franco gave an interview to the Mexican newspaper,
Excelsior, stating that he would not cede bases to the United States.
It was also made clear to the Spry mission that Spain would not
give the United States anywhere near the same privileges given
the Air Force in England, France and Italy. In brief, though we
could build bases, they would have to be manned largely by Span-
ish troops.
As a result, General Spry is returning home with the recommenda-
tion that we use the air bases now almost completed in French Mor-
occo. These are so close to Spain that they can easily defend the
Western Mediterranean.
A U.S. Naval base at Sadiz may be recommended by Adm. Ro-
bert L. Campbell who was part of the Spry mission-provided the
United States is willing to pay for the cost of building a huge commer-
cial port for Spain which could be used as a naval base in time of war.
(Copyright, 1951, by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

The Lord's Debate .. .
To the Editor:
T CONTINUE the Great (or
Vriend-Goldberger) debate on
the Library, the Sabbath, and
Morals in the Twentieth Century:
Mr. Vriend writes, " . , . the mor-
al order of this universe has been
established long before you or I
could reflect upon it. Would I wit-
ness to this moral order, there-
fore, I do not "presume" . . . but I
invite others too to taste the joy of
conforming themselves to this or-
der. . ." (my underlining-A.G.)
First, a point of fact: Mr. Vriend
did not simply invite others to join
him in voluntarily shunning the
library on Sundays; he desired
that it remain closed-(to quote,
"Regardless of expense the library
ought to be closed on Sundays")-
so that those who didn't care to
accept his benevolent invitation
would have no choice in the mat-
ter. A peculiar invitation, no?
Second, and more important:
Note the use of the word "witness."
When I ask Mr. Vriend to offer
some grounds in support of his
ethical position, he replies, " .. . it
is not I, nor any creature who leg-
islates morals for the universe, but
the Consuming Fire himself: the
God who made the universe . ..
So here Mr. Vriend gives the
whole show away; he has in fact
no evidence, no argument, no case;
he's merely a "witness." He passes
the buck to an ultimate authority
-whom we are in no position to
consult. -Now, if this is the case,
then how in the world are we to
know when our "moral prescrip-
tion . . . coincides with his?"
To witness is to report observa-
tions-has Mr. Vriend had op-
portunity to observe the ethical
view of his ultimate authority? I
think not. If Mr. Vriend objects, he
should recall that the vast major-
ity of the world declines to accept
the authority of the Christian
scriptures. (This is no conclusive
refutation, of course, but neither
is it without significance).
What Mr. Vriend does, in prac-
tice, is what we all do-he makes
his own moral choices. There is no
objection to this. What I was
kicking about was his failure to
recognize that he was doing pre-
cisely this. We're all in the same
boat here. The abdication of moral
responsibility - the reluctance to
shoulder the burden of proof-is
perhaps in large measure, what
prevents our choices from being
better than they are..
One final point: I am very cur-
ious to learn in what particular
aspects of contemporary America
Mr. Vriend sees evidence of a New
-Arty Goldberger
* * *
Legion of Decency...
To the Editor:
Re: Jerry Warren.
IN HAVING quoted the pledge of
the Legion of Decency, you
have done nothing more than
strengthen the position takenby
Mr. Samra in his editorial "Catho-
lic Censorship."
It is indeed true that Catholics
give the pledge voluntarily in a-
firmation of their moral beliefs.
However, the words, "Cathics,"
"voluntarily," and "their" are both
prominent and significant here, in
that they necessarily imply a lim-
itation of the consequences of such
a pledge to the members of a spe-
cific group, i.e. the Catholic
Church. That there has been a lack
of cognizance of this fact is mani-
fest in the pledge itself, which as-
sumes a moral protectorate while
at the same time emphasizing "my
moral life." In consolidating one's
personal moral beliefs, it does not
follow that the beliefs of others be
subjected to conformity through
insulation from "immoral" experi-

No matter how valuable it may
be in furthering specialized inter-
ests, it is contrary to the recogni-
tion of individual rights and privi-
leges in so far as they are pro-
claimed to exist.
Furthermore, Mr. Warren, you
are laboring under the delusion
that there is something inherent
or intrinsic in the meaning of the
word "moral," and utterly fail to
realize that you are merely res-
ponding to an arbitrarily defined
frame of reference. The concept of
morality is dynamic and subject to
variability in definition. It is also
quite evident that all individuals
are not conditioned to the same
moral beliefs. Therefore, all state-
ments of moral reservations need
not coincide, and it is presumptu-
ous in the extreme for any group
to attempt the exercise of moral
control, over persons who do not

subscribe to the same arbitrarily
defined standards of morality.
Everyone makes some statement
of moral reservations, although no
"such" a statement as you have
quoted. I find it quite difficult to
conceive of a "religion of amoral-
ity," to which you so glibly refer.
No doubt the implication here was
a "religion of immorality," which,
it must be pointed out, exists sub-
jectively in the application of ex-
ternal criteria of morality to the
The distinction between "my
moral life" and the moral life of
others is something that both the
Legion of Decency and yourself
have shamefully failed to make.
-Martin L. Lee
L f * *
Legion of Decency .
To the Editor:
RE: the editorial "Catholic Cen-
ship" p.4 Tuesday, Oct. 30th.
The author sees the Legion of
Decency as a small minority hand-
ing down moral judgments much
too effectively. The Catholic
Church, he deplores, is overstep-
ping its bounds.
The Catholic Church and the
Legion of Decency both secure
their principles from the law and
word of God, manifested in the
Ten Commandments, in the Scrip-
tures and in the teachings of Je-
sus Christ.
Truth is absolute. Whoever pos-
sesses the truth has a moral obli-
gation to instruct and advise his
fellow man. And truth is not the
forte of every majority. History
bears frequent witness that be-
times men were persecuted for be-
liefs later recognized as funda-
Truth, faith, and firm belief are
basic to a sound existence and are
a source of power.
The movie today is one of the
most devastating of mediums for
the corruption of youth whose re-
ligious beliefs are too often nil.
Refined bestiality is portrayed as
attractive, Youth is led to believe
that'this is common place living
and therein lies the seed of des-
truction. Man exists on this earth
principally for the salvation of his
soul. God himself laid down cer-
tain rules and regulations.
There is no neutral zone, no in
between vacillation. You are either
for God or against God. Man by
nature is morally obligated to wor-
ship Him. Life itself is a sermon.
What better way is there than to
accomplish God's will?
The Legion of Decency seeks
to pr'Mect the Catholic public at
least from movie schizophrenis and
immoral propaganda.
If a movie is immoral or does
little else than appeal to the baser
emotions then quite reasonably it
should be condemned or the of-
fending parts deleted.
-Marc Laframboise






At Lydia Mendelssohn . .
LIVE ON AIR, a Hopwood Award play
by Kenneth Goldstein. Produced by the
Speech Department.
WHEN the Student Players last spring
produced Tom Danelli's Hopwood play,
it marked the first time in several years that
any organized theater group in the city had
presented a play written by a student in the
creative writing classes here. Last night,
the Speech Department took up the banner
in presenting the comedy-drama, "Live On
Air" with which Kenneth Goldstein wcon a
major Hopwood award last May.
In general, the results were good, anal give
hope that a tradition of producing these
campus-spawned plays may be encouraged
by the good example. Although Mr. Gold-
stein's play is an extremely obvious one, it
is lively and interesting for the most part,
shows a fine sense of structure, some know-
ledge of character, and a real fluency with
the medium. Its production has been com-
petently handled by the Speech Department
with several above-average performances,
effective direction, and an imaginative, if
not sufficiently ranec ies eat

The idea is taken into battle chiefly on
the shoulders of the daughter of the im-
migrant family involved in the drama.
The daughter unfortunately is a rather
angelic girl and the question of whether
she will or will not reach medical school
consequently seems of insufficient import-
ance to stand as the revolving issue of
the play. Although the scholarship she
receives issymbolic of her capacity to
"live on air," the issue is too artificial
and the reformations of her parents at
the end somewhat too unlikely to unravel
the dramatic core.
Throughout, however, Mr. Goldstein has
captured the lusty atmosphere of an immi-
grant household. Now and then, particu-
larly in the forced humor of the first act,
he tries too hard for comic relief, and in
the process seriously damages the necessary
dignity of his characters. Without this dig-
nity, extended moments of grief and an-
guish, as at the second act curtain, come
dangerously close to melodrama. His mis-
take here may lie in making Henry, the son,
too much a pixie without any human quali-
Te n n :s hsnoerformnces e oaffered

Sixty-Second Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigantunder the
authority of the Board of Control of
Student Publications,
Editorial Staff
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All night he And nobody come... Yes,
barked as if undependable creatures,

Maybe whatever it isis coming from
some star. And it's quite a way off-

U DW "adkow {w,)
He's barking.

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