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February 22, 1951 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1951-02-22

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

TkIURSI)AY, FEBRUARY 22, 1951

,r

* U

dean's Report
WHILE THE student body murmured pas-
sive approval, a group of deans just be-
fore the end of last semester approved a list
of recommendations which would eliminate
questions of race, religion, natural origin
and request for photograph from applica-
tions for admission to the University.
The deans' report climaxes a two year
period in the local history of one aspect
,i the 'fight against discrimination. It
was a period that featured a split in a
student anti-discrimination group, pitted
local political and social groups against
each other and brought a new low in
student-faculty mutual respect, in one in-
stace.
As the Committee to End Discrimination,
organized two years ago, strained its publi-
!ity muscles to attract attention to the pos-
sibly discriminatory effects of certain ques-
tions on the applications, the Student Legis-
lature appointed its own sub-committee to
study the same question.
But it was the work of the deans com-
mittee, appointed by Provost Adams,
which did the actual background work
and finally took the action which will
mean the elimination of the questions.
Although a tremendous fuss was raised
over the issue of removing these questions,
with proponents lining up for and against,
out of the confusion and chaos developed a
fine example of the way student and fac-
ulty groups with a common concern can
work together.
Most of the furor was stimulated by the
Committee to End Discrimination which
decided a year ago to concentrate its fire
on the Medical School.
* * *
DURING THE past two years the CED
never directly accused the Medical'
School of discriminatory practices in ad-
mitting students. But the group did man-
age to direct attention to the harmful ef-
fects of the existence of such questions, on
application blanks. And that attention was
aroused by means which were considered
questionable by some students.
Most students admitted they believed in
the purpose of the CED, but they could
not accept the means chosen to achieve
the purpose. Member groups within the
CED began suggesting that the group fold
up and let the Student Legislature take
over.
Weawhile the SL had been working on
the problem quietly behind the scenes. Al-
though it is true that SL worked more effi-
ciently by moving cautiously and coopera-
tively with the administration and faculty,
It cannot be said that the CED was a use-
le and unnecessary part of the whole pic-
tie.
MANY OF THE CED tactics were repul-
sWe to the student body, but the CED
did manage to attract attention to appli-
cation blanks and it is possible that with-
out this directed attention, the SL might
never have considered this aspect of dis-
rimination.
The noise that the CED was making even
penetrated the walls of the Administration
Building, for the administrative officers
realized the matter of some questions on
the admissions blanks was a matter of
common concern to the whole University.
So Provost Adams appointed a special
committee to study the application forms
anf to make recommendations to the Deans
Conference, made up of deans of all schools.
During this study period the special commit-
tee and especially Chairman Harold Dorr,
revealed that they were concerned about the
way students felt about the questions.
And the viewpoints evidently respected
for many of the arguments expressed by
!oth student groups were not rejected
as "immature" or "emotional" but were
utilized by the committee in making its
recommendations.
In the final analysis the dean's recom-
mendations do not automatically remove

forever the possibility of discrimination .on
the part of the University, but the report
does show clearly that University officials
are willing to consider all aspects of a
nation-wide problem and to work with stu-
dents in coming up with an answer.
-Janet Watts
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: DAVIS CRIPPEN

r

MAGAZINES

11

'[ ELL, THE WINTER issue of "Genera-,
tion" is upon us and it behooves every-
one who is at all interested in art to buy
a copy and review what some of his fellow
students who are interested enough in art
to try a little creating of their{ own are do-
ing these days.
Actually anyone who bothers to go to
the movies or read advertising posters or
Book-of-the-Ionth-Club selections i s
interested in art and the issue should be
a well-thumbed sellout by the time peo-
ple get around to reading this review.
There is something for every reader in
the current issue.
There are four short stories of uneven
quality, a group of more or less controversial
essays, some photographed sculpture, num-
bers of black and white drawings, a photo-
graphic review of last semester's drama of-
ferings, a section of poetry which is worth
reading and even the manuscript of a string
quartet.
Three of the stories are about the rich-
ness of the child's world, or so we are told
in the introduction to the fiction section.
As it turns out, only one of them actually
has anything to say about children them-
selves. This is Richard Kraus' 'Pomp and
Circumstance" a pleasant tale of two chil-
dren who wandered about a city in their
birthday suits. The author can't resist un-
derlining his meaning with too black a pen-
cil at the end, but the story is the best one
in the issue anyway.
"The Saturday Plan" by Melvyn Zerman
suffers from a slow beginning and on the
whole doesn't have much to recommend it.
"Four Years Old" by Mabelle T. Hsueh has
some interesting pen and ink sketches that
go with it. The last piece of fiction, "Knife
without Ether" by Robert Wagner which
somehow strayed into the art section, is
about an army sergeant on graves registra-
tion duty who goes off his rocker. To the
author's credit, he keeps the violence pretty
well under control and the story is well told
despite the mined-out nature of his mater-
ial.
** * *
OF THE FIVE ESSAYS, two are on the
subject, "war and the university." The first,
by Philip Dawson propounds the rather
familiar idea that the university, mobiliza-
tion or no mobilization, should aim at the
education of the whole man, a point which
it is well to stress now and then. If one ig-
nores a Scylla and Charybdis metaphor
near the end which gets out of hand, it is
the best-written of the essays.
The opposite is true of the companion es-
say, written by Gordon MacDougall. His
main concern is with what he terms the
"fascization of the American campus" and
in the course of his argument he marshalls
a full quota of the jaded adjectives and tir-
ed metaphores which should have bgen pen-
ciled out of last week's Daily Worker before
it went to press. Also there are frequent
style errors.

Part of the responsibility for the style
errors and incidently, all the blame for
the numerous typographical errors which
mar the first third of the magazine, can
be laid on the heads of the editors, but
the thought and presentation of the es-
say itself are the trespasses of Mr. Mac-
Dougall..
For movie-goers, Allan Clamage has a
conscientious essay on movie criticism. It
seems safe to say (if I didn't miss a paren-
thetical qualification someplace along the
way) that most of Mr. Clamage's argument
is based on a distinction between movies as
art and as entertainment, and a further
distinction between movies and other art
forms, both of which appear to me to be
complete nonsense. Toward the end, how-
ever, he gets straightened around again.
Rounding out the essay group are a con-
troversial bit on the arena theatre, which
will doubtless provoke at least a letter in the
next issue from the Theatre Arts Club, and
a not-particularly-controversial assessment
of television.
THE DRAWINGS and paintings suffer
from being bunched together in one sec-
tion but are fairly successful, if not par-
ticularly varied. I liked William Gilmore's
two highly stylized drawings best for their
sure technique. Harold McIntosh also has a
good black and white of an earth mother or
something along that line. His oil paint-
ing "Spring" didn't reproduce too well be-
cause much of its effect in the original is
dependent on color. Along this line, the
whimsical line drawings which John Good-
year did for the section pages should not
go unpraised.
Printing a manuscript for string quar-
tet impressed me as being conspicuous
consumption although it may be a jus-
tifiable bone to throw to promising com-
posers every now and then. The essay on
"Music and the Performer" was the only
piece in the magazine which I was un-
able to finish.
The poetry in this issue is fairly mature,
except for some dark sexual mutterings by
Barbara Stonecipher. Donald Hope's "To a
Step City Where I Wasn't Born" shows a
command of technique and a freshness of
treatment. "When I Look at Me," a longer
poem on the poetic process is worth the
effort necessary to understand his meaning.
W. B. Trousdale's "Uncertain Season" is
the best of his three poems and Saul
Gottlieb does an effective job on the bro-
ther relationship in one of his.
The cover is a relieving departure from
,the former preoccupation with amoebae and
generative whirls, although it still reflects,
along with the section introductions and
some of the art, an emphasis on the crea-
tive process which is symptomatic of the oc-
cupational fragmentation of our times and
tends to give the magazine the flavor of a
trade publication.
-Dave Thomas

"Doesn't Anybody Believe In Peace Any More?"
.,
f--7/o

tette/ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

4'

IAR I/

aO+f ,,. ' H lra 4 mfl4POW? .

M ATTJER adF' EArF ALSP
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP

ON THE
Washington Merry- Go-Round
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Whether justified or not, organized labor is near
the breaking point with the administration, with top labor lead-
ers as full of venom against Harry Truman as a Union League club
discussion of the late FDR.
In private conversations, AF of L's Bill Green and CIO's Phil
Murray make no bones of their bitterness. But since they begged
union members to vote for him in 1948, it's a little hard to at-
tack him. publicly.
But a telltale sign of labor's revolt is a stinging editorial, "Wake
Up, Labor," in the newspaper of the Brotherhood of Railroad Train-
men now being reproduced in labor papers across the country with-
out comment. It says: "If the rest of the labor movement still has
any Fair Deal stardust flecks obscuring its vision, now is the time to
apply the towel and face reality. Labor's interests were sidetracked
in practically every move and major appointment the President has
made since his re-election by the U.S. working men and women."
L
The editorial opens the gate for reapprochement with the
Republican party, and recommends Sen. Wayne Morse of Ore-
gon as GOP standard bearer. Sen. Paul Douglas of Illinois is
suggested on the Democratic ticket.
The disillusionment of the labor leaders who went down the line
for Truman in 1948 began soon after his inauguration when they
found themselves no longer invited to the White House for confer-
ences. Instead, Mr. Truman insisted that labor relations be handled
through amiable John Steelman. Within weeks, both Green and
Murray were complaining to sympathetic congressm'en that Steel-
man was not carrying their messages to the President, that labor's
requests for policy appointments were sidetracked.
« s . .s
- IT'S MUTUAL - '
LABOR'S COOLNESS also had an effect on the 1950 elections
where democratic losses in the cities were heavy.
What brought the rebellion to a head were:
1. Truman's failure to consult with labor chiefs on the price-
wage freeze formula. Roosevelt, though often disagreeing with Green
and Murray, always made it easier for them to sell disagreeable news
to their members by frequent consultation.
2. The absence of a top-flight labor man on Charlie Wilson's staff.
When Stuart Symington ran defense mobilization, he appointed a
labor advisory council, but not Wilson.
3. Truman's crack comparing railroad strikers to Russians. This
convinced labor chieftains that the President was against them for
keeps.
Now it's mutual.
* * *
MOHAMMEDAN WAR LORD-The Chinese war lord whom we
had hoped might be a bulwark against Communism, has now evacu-
ated in a private plane and is seeking haven in the United States. He
is Mohammedan General Ma Hung-Kwei, described by Life magazine
as "a block of strength in the sagging Nationalist structure. Com-
munist agitators and invaders steer clear of Ninghsia," said Life,
"mainly because they know that Ma Hung-Kwei's peasant soldiers
are tough, well trained and always ready to fight for their homes." ...
General Ma, however, did not hang around to fild out how well his
peasant soldiers would fight. When the Chinese Communists started
marching into his remote domain, he bundled his family, nurse, wife's
nurse, secretary and interpreter into a private plane and made a
beeline for Hong Kong. There he picked up visitors and transit visas
for his party and lit out for the United States. However, unable to
get the visas extended, he set up camp in Mexico City, and is pulling
strings and spending from his vast treasury chest to get a permanent
permit to stay in this country.
* *, * *
-- WASHINGTON PIPELINE -
SENATOR TAFT refused to allow one of his speeches to be broad-
cast over the Mutual Broadcasting System recently until the net-
work deleted criticism of Taft from the script of Mutual Commenta-
tor Frank Edwards, who is sponsored by the AF of L. Thus Taft, who
has been critical of labor, was in the position of denying a labor-
sponsored commentator the right to criticize him. Taft's terms were
delivered to the network by his administrative assistant, Jack Mar-
tin. Later, network officials examined Edwards' script, found it wasn't
as critical as Taft had thought . . . GOP colleagues are needling Rep.
Clarence Brown of Ohio, long considered the leader of Ohio Con-
gressmen, about the activities of ebullient George Bender. Bender,
they say, is stealing Brown's spotlight . . . . The State of South Caro-
lina has bought a sleek new Cadillac for much-loved new Governor
Jimmy Byrnes. However, the legislature has not yet imported Byrnes'
former speed-demon chauffeur, Joe Anderson, who piloted him aound
Washington when Jimmy was on the Supreme Court . . . . Recom-
mended reading: Alan Barth's new book "The Loyalty of Free Men."
A big boost for understanding how to make democracy live.
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

Production . .
To the Editor:
DEPARTMENT of Truth, Light
and Beauty.
I read in the Free Press of Feb.
19th an article indicative of .the
leaps which modern science is
making in guiding man to the
"Good Life." It seems that the
University of Michigan Institute
of Social Research has discovered
that a worker who is dissatisfied
with his job is more productive
than a worker who is content and
happy. The Institute came to this
edifying conclusion while engaged
in research for the Prudential In-
surance Company. This sort of
vital data is now the common
property of mankind and big bus-
iness and with it the national
economy may be enriched and
raised.
I cannot quite see what this
great scientific conclusion has to
do with the Prudential Insurance
Company but I will hazard a guess.
When management realizes that
an unhappy worker is more valu-
able than a satisfied worker it
will probably, in the interests of
society and the war effort of
course, do its damnedest to see to
it that labor conditions are as
unbearable as possible. This will
lead to anger on the part of the
worker. He will produe more and
prices will decline due to increased
supply. What a wonderful answer
to the present inflationary spiral
and just think of it, without those
nasty price controls either. As a
matter of fact, this may be the
spark that sets off a new, revo-
lutionary economic theory. It
might be called "the theory of
infinite production." All manage-
ment has to do is to institute a
"speed-up," which workers nat-
urally get furious about, and they
would be sure to work and pro-
duce all the more. The harder
they worked, the madderdthey
would get, the more they would
produce ad infinitum in a never
ending spiral of increased produc
tion. The nation would prosper
as it never has before and Amer-
ica could build more guns and
planes with which to fight SLAVE-
LABOR - COMMUNISM. Finally,
and here is where Prudential
comes in, the insurance compan-
ies could jack-up their premiums
because workers would be dying
like flies due to physical exhaus-
tion, thereby increasing the de-
mand for insurance policies. 1py
God, I never realized the powers
of Science! Great going, Michi-
gan Social Scientists! Viva el
Capitalismo!! !
-Arthur Buchbinder '51
Basketball .. .
To the Editor:
THE TEXT BELOW is an open
letter to Fritz Crisler.
Dear Fritz:
Basketball is at one of its nor-
mal low ebbs at Michigan. It is a
blot on the fine athletic tradition
of Michigan. Only briefly under
a great Eastern coach, Ozzie
Cowles, did Michigan attain prom-
inence in basketball. We let Cowles
get away. That was a mistake.
Today the greatest 'student of the
game, Clair Bee of Long Island
University, has been shamefully
deprived of his life's work as a re-
sult of the gambling scandals in
New York. Nat Holman, great
coach, and all-time great player
of original Celtic fame, is also
left with the ghost of basketball
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN

(Continued from Page 2)
Hillel: Graduate mixer at the S.D.T.
House, 1405 Hill, Fri., 9 p.m. All grad-
uates welcome.
Graduate Outing Club: Fri., Feb. 23:
Sports Nite, IM Bldg. Meet in lobby,
7:15 p.m. Bring gym clothes and shoes,
bathing suit, ID card.
Hillel: Friday evening services, 7:45'
p.m., Lane Hall, Upper Room; Satur-
day morning services, 9:30. a.m.
Deutscher Verein: Kaffeestunde,
Fri., Feb. 23, 3:15-4:30 p.m., Union cafe-
teria, and every Friday thereafter.
Acolytes: Meeting Fri., Feb. 23, 7:45
p.m., East Conference Room, Rackham
Bldg. Saul Wineman will speak on
"Historical Relativism."
Hostel Club: Sports and swimming
at I-M Bldg., Fri., Feb. 23. Potluck
Supper and Square Dance at Presby-
terian Church, 6 and 8:15 p.m., Sat.,
Feb. 24. Call Jae Finkbeiner. 7804.

at CONY. Either of these two
men might eagerly come West to
a school where the game is played
honorably. They would labor with
a passion to bring about a team
of their ability-a winner, and not
without honor.
Please Fritz, make a bid for
these men. They are the best in
the business. We could do them
a favor, and they in turn could
do us a service.
-Irwin Deister
Al Scafuri
Jim Richter
Opera in English...
To the Editor:
WOULD LIKE to express a few
thoughts in behalf of those who
think that Opera should not be
performed in English.
Your recent editorial stated that
Opera was a "failure" in the Uni-
ted States because not many peo-
ple could understand what was
happening on the stage. Then it
asserted that it would be more de-
sireable if operas were' produced
in English.
Opera would be a flop, musical-
ly speaking, if English transla-
tions were used. An adequate in-
terpretation: of an opera demands
that it be sung in the language
in which and to which it was writ-
ten. No translation, however sensi-
tive, singable, and faithful to the
meaning of the text can 'possibly
approach the wonderful combina-
tion of music and text, which char-
acterizes the composition of an
operatic masterpiece.
Secondly, opera librettos axe
generally very poor from a liter-
ary standpoint. In addition to a
noticeable amount of absurd dia-
logue, there is a great deal of re-
peating. I think that an English
version of an opera would definite-
ly tend to bore the listener more
than enlighten him.
-Gari K. Ledyard
* * *
Caduceus Ball ...
-To the Editor:
COULDN'T HELP noticing that,
on February 23rd, the Univer-
sity's medical students will pre-
sent the Caduceus Ball. While this
affair should be a lot of fun for
those attending, I would like to
see a more appropriate title for
this splendid occasion-the Cada-
ver Hop or something.
-E. S. Sader
American Destiny
THE preservation of the sacred
fire of liberty and the destiny
of the republican model of gov-
ernment are justly considered as
deeply, and perhaps finally staked,
on the experiment entrusted to
the American people.
-George Washington

V
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WASHINGTON-At least $2,000,000,000
out ofhevery $10,000,000,000 appropriat-
ed for the defense of the United States
since the Korean aggression has gone up
in inflationary smoke. This simple fact,
which should send shivers up the spine of
any sensible man, provides the right back-
ground for understanding the vitally im-
portant issues in dispute between Marriner.
Eccles of the Federal Reserve Board and
Secretary of the Treasury John Snyder.
A few specific examples will serve to
show what has been happening to the de-
fense dollar. A big bazooka, a recoil-less
gun, or a heavy mortar all now cost well
over 50 per cent more than before Korea.
A pair of combat boots for an infantry-
man or a flight jacket for a flyer costs
upward of 60 per cent more. It costs 16
per cent more to feed troops-and the
expense is increasing rapidly. Army ord-
nance-the "hardware" which provides
the army with the means to fight-is up
40 per cent overall, and "hardware" for
the other three services has increased
comparably.
Largely because of this sort of thing, the
services will shortly go back to Congress for
a third supplemental appropriation in this
fiscal year. Thus the process continues, with
no end in sight; thedCongress appropriates
dollars; the dollars do not buy what they
were supposed to buy; and the services re-
turn to Congress for more dollars.
* * *
THE SAME PROCESS is at work every-
where in the economy. Eccles and his
numerous supporters, including many re-
putable economists, are convinced that this
inflation is essentially a money inflation,
deriving from the fiscal policies of the gov-
ernment itself. Rearmament has not yet
taken a really serious bite out of the whole
economy. In the last seven months, more-
over, the government has actually been col-
lecting more in cash than it has been
spending. Plain human greed no doubt ac-
counts for part of the inflation, but greed
cannot possibly account for all of it.

annual budget, can be kept as low as pos-
sible.
This sounds sensible enough on the face
of it. But Eccles contends that the net ef-
fect is precisely the same as though the
government printed tons of greenbacks, and
injected them into the economy. In a time
of inflation, with the value of the dollar
falling, big bond holders cash in their bonds.
This money then goes into the spending
stream, adding to total deposits in banks.
The banks then loan the money, thus mul-
tiplying credit-which is equivalent to cash
in purchasing power-by a ratio of about
6 to 1.
IN THIS WAY, bank credit has expanded
about 20 per cent in seven months-as
much as in any seven previous peace-time
years. And while the government has been
taking in more cash than it has been spend-
ing, the total money supply has increased
by 8 per cent. Thus there is more and more
credit and more and more money in circu-
lation, while, with rearmament just get-
ting into high gear, there are beginning to
be fewer things to buy. Thus the value of
the dollar falls, and as it falls, the effort of
the government to maintain the price of
government bonds becomes more difficult,
and a vicious circle is set in motion.
Eccles proposes certain rather simple
ways of breaking the vicious circle. No
man in his senses, least of all Eccles,
suggests that government bonds be sim-
ply abandoned to the vagaries of the free
market. Instead, what is proposed is a
carefully controlled and moderate drop
in government bond prices, so that the
rush to cash in bonds will stop, because
the cash will be less attractive, and the
interest rate more so. Eccles also proposes
a slightly higher interest rate-about 3
per cent-on most government bonds.
The mere fact that the government has
already lost to the money inflation some'
two billion out of every ten billion defense
dollars appropriated is enough to demon-
strate how false the Treasury's brand of
economy is. Quite aside from the effects of
inflation on the whole economy, this loss

I

Sixty-First Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Jim Brown.......... Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger........City Editor
Roma Lipsky..........Editorial Director
Dave Thomas ..........Feature Editor
Janet Watts .. ......... .Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan..........Associate Editor
James Gregory.......Associate Editor
Bill Connolly.......... Sports Editor
Bob Sandell ...Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton.....Associate Sports Editor
Barbara .lans..........Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob Daniels........ Business Manager
Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul' Schaible. ... Advertising Manager
Bob Merserean..... Finance Manager
Carl Breitkreitz....Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches crediteo to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan as second-class mail
matter.
Subscription during' regular school
year: by carrier, $6.00; by mail, $7.00.

A._
Al

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K

A

f

A-(

Looking Back

20 YEARS AGO
THE SENATE increased the amount of,
funds to aid soldiers by enacting the vet-
erans loan bill over the veto of President
Hoover.
* * *
William L. Clements, member of the
Board of Regents, said that the University
would face an institutional "crisis" if the
state administration's proposal to cut the
University's mill tax by nearly half a mil-
lion dollars, is enacted.
* ,' >'

BAIRNABY

y'gone! 'll run over to -
myL house and call the police-I

Mr. O'Malley! They were the bank robbrs And-

Which way did they go? I'll
ring ftherm JbacksAnd retunrn

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