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May 13, 1951 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1951-05-13

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SUNDAY, MAY 13, 1951


The Democral
r HE DESIRE to use education as a tool
to create support for the status quo is an
impulse with a long and formidable history
n the annals of all nations.
America, with its tradition of public
education, is no exception. From colonial
times to the present, various groups and
individuals have attempted to distill edu-
cation down to a soothing bottled prescrip-
tion designed to render painless political,
social and economic ills and induce the
patient to accept the attitudes and preju-
dices of his father and grandfather as his
In colonial days; it was in the field of re-
ligion that teachers and students were most
restricted. Later, in the early decades of
the Republic, political prejudice was able to
squeeze its way in at the school board meet-
ings as conservatives sought to repress the
"dangerous Frenich" views on democracy
which were then gaining currency.
As nationalistic. fervor continued to swell,
anti-Catholic and anti-;foreign movements
affected education. The rise of science and
growing economic and political concious-
ness among the masses caused additional
repressions of freedom of thought and in-
quiry in the schools.
The history of education in America has
been 'marked to one extent or another by
attempts on the part of the military, the
churches, businessmen and parents to in-
troduce authoritarianism into the educa-
tional process. It is to the failure of these
repressive movements that we owe what
progress has taken place in society in other
than emotional aspects since the days of
the Salem witch hunts.
AT THE present time, education in this
country is threatened with a new author-
itarianism. Academic freedom, reasonably
safe in ordinary times, faces its strongest
challenge in times of stress. Certainly this
nation now finds itself in a state of greater
peril than in any time in its history, and
recent surveys point up the fact that the
danger to academic freedom is nearly as
The study of unpopular or dangerous
ideas is being mistaken for their advocacy,
and an attempt is being made to identify
the free-enterprise system with democracy
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

tic Challenge
and the welfare state with' a cre
socialism which leads inevitably to


Now this may or may not be true, but
when it comes to understanding matters of
intellectual content, patriotism is not
enough, and these conclusions are by no
means sure.
THE DRIVE to force professors to sign
loyalty oaths is gaining new impetus
across the nation. The Regents of the Uni-
versity of California have asked for a re-
hearsing on the constitutionality of their
measure. The Pennsylvania Senate has,
whooped through a law which would require
faculty members to swear that they are not
members of a "subversive" organization.
In Texas, the Senate has passed a bill
which would deny state salaries to any em-
ploye who, within the last 10 years, ras been
a member of any of the groups listed by the
U. S. Attorney General as subversive. In
Oklahoma, the ink is scarcely dry on a new
loyalty oath law.
A Communist is no more professionally
qualified to teach than is a member of
the Ku Klux Klan. Neither is ready' to
follow the course of intellectual inquiry
wherever it may lead. But loyalty oaths
are not the way to rid the profession of
Communists. Anyone can sign an oath.
The job of smoking out unqualified teach-
ers must be left to the teaching profes-
sion itself.
Loyalty oaths are legal manifestations of
the restrictive tendencies which have pro-
duced the intellectual apathy and political
castration described in the New York Times
survey, summarized on the front page of to-
day's Daily.
They must be fought, along -with speak-
ers bans, textbook censorings and other
forms of collegiate witch-hunting. Every
victory for the forces of sentiment over
those of analysis means that the road to
the emancipation of the liberal intellect is
that much longer.
By blocking the roads of inquiry, intelli-
gent choice is prevented. By discouraging
critical participation in the process of
learning, individual growth is discour-
aged. By imposing dogmas of doctrine or
program, conformity and narrowness are
groomed to replace diversity and brilliance.
We can ill afford to encourage sterile con-
formity and intellectual cretinism at this
time. In order for our free society with all
its hesitancies, inefficiencies and paradoxes
to survive we must have the sort of vision
and acumen which are produced by the un-
trammeled exercise of the human intellect.
-Dave Thomas

City Editor's
'OR SEVERAL YEARS, many students
have devoted much of their bull session
conversation to two important questions:
"Is the University too paternalistic?" and
"Just what is the function of the Student
So far, little has been done about the
first question. Students have occasionally
discussed the matter of the regulation of
their conduct with University officials,
and a lot has been said on both sides of
the issue. The University has maintained
that its manner of regulating student
conduct has not been too paternalistic,
and many students have taken the oppo-
site view.
The Student Legislature has attempted
to show what functions it can perform by
its own actions, and has succeeded to a
pretty great extent with its work on man-
aging elections, the bias clause, pep rallies,
and other rather important activities. But
there still has been a feeling among many
students that the SL has had no power to
act in really vital matters-matters upon
which the student body has strong feeling.
One such matter is the issue of paternalism.
Tomorrow the Legislature will begin a
project which might bring the matter of
paternalism into sharp focus. It has set up
a special sub-committee which tomorrow
will begin investigating the entire issue-
to objectively weigh the facts to see if
there really is too much paternalism shown
by the University toward its students.
This project will be a good test of the
true effectivenes of student government.
It vWill determine just how much the Univer-
sity administration will go along with con-
sidering the opinions of representative, re-
sponsible student leaders.
If this study is carefully and intelli-
gently handled, its results should be
beneficial both to the University adminis-
trators and students. Its final effect
should lie in one of two channels. Should
the survey show that there really is too
much paternalism here, there should be a
good chance that the University will mod-
ify its position on some matters of disci-
pline. If, on the other hand, the survey
clearly shows that the University's regu-
latory practices are justified, student
gripes on the issue could well be calmed.
In either event, this SL investigating com-
mittee has a wonderful opportunity to im-
prove the existing relationships between
University administrators and students. For
this reason alone, the committee deserves
the support of the entire University com-
THROUGH THE medium of his much
publicized speeches, General Douglas
MacArthur has been stepping beyond the
bounds of the respect due a military and
national hero, and has been converging on
the respect rightfully due the President of
the United States.
Against the background of the coming
conventions for presidential nominations,
MacArthur has sacrificed his integrity
and degraded the "cold war" between
himself and Truman to the level of a po-
litical squabble.
MacArthur and his Republican supporters
have overlooked the fact that the Korean
War is the result of diplomatic failure. His
speeches have placed the United States'
foreign relations in a very precarious posi-
tion. And the furor aroused by the split
within the nation has caused our allies as

well as many Americans to fear that the
controversy between Truman and MacAr-
thur will end in an open world wide war.
Taking control of the nation's future for-
eign policy appears to be of greater import-
ance to the Republican Party than the for-
eign policy of today. By concentrating on
the military aspects of the Korean War,
they are completely ignoring the strain
which the Truman-MacArthur controversy
has placed on diplomatic relations.
Although criticism is one of the founda-
tions on which our democracy is built,
there is a point where discretion is neces-
sary on the part of such influential men
as General MacArthur.
An ex-commander and a short-sighted
political party must not be allowed to re-
move the dignity of the presidential and
executive offices for their own selfish ends.
As in the ancient "loyalty to the king" idea,
the minority can constantly disagree, but
should never degrade the position of the
-Harriet Tepperman

The Wek ETOs News
. . . 1 N RETROSPECT . .

The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the


.'' Paternalism . . .
To the Editor:
KATERNALISM-that word has
been flung at the administra-
tion by almost every student in
Ann Arbor. An important-sound-
ing word-it limbers up the tongue
fr ones like "authoritarianism."
This word, in the back of the
student mind and on the student
tongue, is now the subject of a
study by a new subcommittee of
Student Legislature, and the opin-
ion of all parts of the campus on
paternalism is wanted.
Paternity-that's when you're a
man and have babies. Paternity
is cause for rejoicing, except un-
der certain unfortunate conditions.
Paternalism-that's when you're
a man and have papas. Paternal-
ism is cause for annoyance, except
under certain unusual conditions.
Unnecessary restriction is the
test to be applied for paternalism.
The University exists primarily to
educate, to extend the mind of a
take-life-for-granted individual
* toward the searching mind of the
citizen useful to our society. The
u "1question has come up as to wheth-
er extension of the fatherly Uni-
versity wings to such areas as
driving, drinking and housing re-
suts in unnecessary restriction.
a If the University has been pa-
ternalistic, the student has a le-
gitimate gripe, because he is being
;.deprived of opportunity to develop
qualities which will fit him to be
a useful citizen.
Then when the student consid-
ers for what society these "an-
-Daily-Bill Hampton noying" restrictions are preparing
FRATERNITY WEEK-"Greek Week" got off with a moderate him, he gets a shock-the type of
bang as a six-man panel dragged the Student Affairs Committee's "good citizens" molde by authori-
time limit on bias clauses in fraternity constitutions over the thor- tarian institutions are not suit-
oughly raked coals. Later in the week, harmony replaced dischord able for American democratic so-
as the Delta Tau Delta's took first honors in the annual IFC sing. ciety. Many students realize this
ADAMS RESIGNATION-Provost James P. Adams, University danger, but so far they have little
official since 1945, submitted his resignation to the Board of Regents. more than griped.
Provost Adams was largely responsible for the University's suc- Certainly just griping about Uni-
cess in meeting the challenge of the "GI Era" which saw enrollment versity, restrictions won't get ac-
take a sudden upward turn of 13,000. He was a skilled and hard- tion on them. What studentsieed
working administrator and his leaving will be a major loss to the is organization and a sensible
evaluation of University rules. SL's
University. Campus Action Committee set up
COX AND VENNERI-A tremor of fear crept through the campus a subcommittee last Friday to
this week when the attack on George Cox, University freshman, was study paternalism at Michigan.
revealed to local police. Cox reported he had been beaten and Here is your chance to register
burned with dry ice by a group of Ann Arbor youths. A few days your opinions. All students are
later, another University student, Joseph Venneri, was slugged by a urged to write me c/o Student
17-year-old youngster. Whether there was any link-up between the Legislature building, 122 South
assaults was a matter for speculation but the rumors ranged widely Forest,.concerning any alleged pa-
and dangerously. ternalistic University practice. Or
nU' APPROPRIATION-In Lansing, the House slashed the Re- better yet, if you want to do your
bit, come to the committee's first
gents' budget request for 1951-52 by $335,000. However, University meeting Monday at 4 in the SL
officials reported that no protest will be registered with the Legis- building.
lature. -Pete Hall
Last year, the University sent strong objections up to Lansing * * *
following a Republican economy measure which cut the anticipated ias Debate .
appropriation by $2,000,000. This year's move must still pass the
State Senate. It is scheduled for consideration probably late this To the Editor:
inBARBOUR EPIDEMIC-The Betsy Barbour epidemic faded away THE I.F.C. started off Fraternity
in similar fashion to the sudden wave of sicknesses which spread "ThWeeBias Claudiscusi an
through the West Quad in 1949. All of the 60 women who had suf- Other Campuses." I had hoped
fered violent attacks of nausea recovered quickly and rumors of food that this discussion would prove
infection died down. For the second time in two years, Health Service both informative and stimulating
officials, in spite of food infection symptoms, reported food tests as I was not prepared for what en-
"inconclusive" sued.
T I feel that the I.F.C. did the S.L
National .and many students an injustice
Natinalin representing Gordon MacDoug-
ADMINISTRATION COUNTERATTACK - The Administration all as the spokesman for the so-
came back fighting this week in defense of Far Eastern policy as called independent viewpoint ox
Secretary of Defense George Marshall took the stand before a joint campus as well as representing
Senate committee to counter the charges of Gen. Douglas MacArthur. S.L. Mr. McDougall will admi
Marshall accused the General of ruining peace hopes in March with that he represents a small seg
one of his unauthorized statements. MacArthur's proposals for ex- ment of thought on this campus
tending the war to China would greatly increase the danger of Rus- Further, Mr. MacDougall had lit
sian intervention, the former Chief-of-Staff declared. He also took tle knowledge of the philosoph
issue with MacArthur's statement that the Russians were unprepared that was behind the writing o
S.L. motion. I believe that thi
for a Far Eastern war, warning that the Soyiets had massed strong may have been an attempt of som
air and ground forces in Siberia and Manchuria. members of the I.F.C. to leav
President Truman reentered the policy fray with the declaration the impression that the Bias Bil
that Mac's plans might "bring down a rain of bombs on American was the work of a small, extrem
cities." The President remained confident that the facts would bear element on campus. Nothing coul
him out in his abrupt dismissal of the recalcitrant General. be further from the truth! Ther
RFC AGAIN-The much-maligned Reconstruction Finance Cor- were five legislators on the com
poration was dragged through the headlines again this week, as mittee that wrote the bill, thre

White House aide Donald Dawson ended his coy holdout on the affiliated, two independent.T1be
Committee and agreed to testify. Dawson blandly told Senators he lieve that we represented a large
had not used his influence to force certain loans on the RFC. The segment of campus in our think-
Fullbright investigating committee listened politely, but cynically to ing on this issue.
Dawson's testimony. I had also expected that the
- *moderator would remain neutra
throughout the proceedings. Al
Around the World . . . though the moderator's remark,
KOREA-United Nations forces continued moving forward this preceding the discussion were2
fair statement of the issues in-
week, cautiously poking back above the 38th Parallel, as Chinese volved, when the panel ensued h
troops built up for a new try at UN lines. Most action was on a patrol obviously slanted his question
level-Red resistance to Eighth Army jabs was spotty. Meanwhile, and comments in favor of th(
rumors of dissension between Peiping and Moscow gained wide cred- I.F.C. position.
ence. The Communist hordes remained unsupplied with tanks, heavy Th'e last disappointment of the
artillery or air support, which the Russians reportedly had agreed to evening was the fact that Rack
provide. It became more apparent that the Kremlin had no immed- ham Amphitheater was not full
iate desire to widen the conflict at present. A "gentleman's agree- Perhaps it was lack of interest
ment" still kept the Manchurian "sanctuary" inviolate and Com- perhaps it was a manifestation a
xnfinis trops ithot ar orarmred upprt.the lack of confidence that fra-
Meanwhile,wthe United States continued to press in the UN for hernityhamenhe new admnistratio
economic sanctions against China. A point with Britain was won as of I.F.C. will take this incider
the British finally cut off their shipments of Malayan rubber to the seriously. I do not lay the blam
Chinese. upon the individual fraternity max
-Crawford Young but rather upon the inept, nega,

tive leadership that has marker
the I.F.C. in the past.
It is to be hoped that ih the fu-
ture any such discussions will be
presented honestly and construc-
tively. This will depend upon the
I.F.C.'s future attitude. If posi-
tive, competent leadership is forth-
coming many of the woes of the
fraternity men on this campus
may be alleviated.
-Herb Ruben
Dorm Food . .
To the Editor:
IN HER article cared "Dorm
Food'," Miss Hoeper states "a
reasonable amount of imagina-
tion and some needed organiza-
tion of preparation processes
would help eliminate low stan-
dard meals." We ask, "Has Miss
Hoeper ever tried to prepare a
menu for five hundred girls?" And
"If she ever undertook this as-
signment for just one day, how
many of the five hundred does
she think ,she'd please?"
Some of the undersigned have
worked in a dormitory cafeteria
for at least two years and we
wduld like to suggest that in the
future, Miss Hoeper might be bet-
ter off if she knew more about her
subject before she committed her-
In the first place, salads are-
never made more than two hours
before mealtime. The only time
we have salads a day old is when
they are left over and then they
are put out as a choice between
the new salads and the left overs.
Coffee is made in five gallon
quantities in large urns. It takes
at least an hour for the water to
drip through the two pounds of
The reasons we have wonderful
holiday meals are because: 1,
There are less girls in the dormi-
tory. 2. There is more help in the
kitchen during the holidays. IF
this, kind of preparation were to.
be extended throughout the year,
every kitchen employee would
have to work every hour of every
day. Or else more employees
would have to be hired. Then
think of our board and room rates!
(Not to overlook the physical con-
Sdition of the employees.)
The main reason for our indig-
nation at Miss Hoeper's editorial,
is because we're tired of hearing
people gripe-especially about the
food. If a dietician can only say
that she has satisfied just us, the
undersigned, out of five hundred
girls, then she's done a tremen-
dous job!
-Evelyn Challis
Barbara Fine
Audrey Smedley
Lois N. Abrams
and 13 others.


Debate Results

WASHINGTON-A full week of the Mae-
Arthur hearings discloses to what a
very large extent the disunity in Washing.
ton is a matter of personalities rather than
of principle.
The deposed general is bitter, President
Truman is stubborn often to the point of
pettiness, and the extreme partisans will
continue to make a great deal of noise.
But the areas of agreement on policy are
proving to be large and are being steadily
That they are being broadened is in part.
due to the debate which has not only forced
the administration to give ground but has
just propelled Great Britain into a stoppage
of rubber imports to Red China. This is
something the State Department privately
warned the British about but could not



A t The Michigan...
RAWHIDE, with Tyrone Power and
Susan Hayward.
ALTHOUGH it is not noteworthy for any
other reason, this picture proves that a
full-length, red-blooded Western can be
made on a single set. No wide-open spaces.
No milling herds of cattle. No hard-riding
In fact, except for a single shot the boys
could not resist Susan Hayward bathing in
a canyon spring-Director Hathaway and
Writer Nichols have turned out a film that
could have been put bodily onto a stage.
By its confinement, it comes closer to being
a "mystery" than a Western since its chief
commodity is suspense.
This arises when assorted outlaws de-
scend on an isolated stagecoach station
where they find Tyrone Power employed
as chief flunkey. Also present is Miss
Hayward, who has been thrown off an
earlier stage, and is taken to be Mr. Pow-
er's wife. Most of the rest of the picture
is occupied with the pair of them trying
to hack themselves out of the room where
the varmints have locked them. There
are the usual twists and turns of fate
anlnP the w.v hut nothin really fresh in

accomplish before the hearings began.
Obviously the steam generated there con-
vinced the Labor Government that it must
give ground to akTruman administration
that is fighting to keep Europe's defense as
the first priority of the Western worlds
A major cause of U.S. disaffection about
the Korean situation has been the fact
that the UN nations which joined in the
original action have been dragging their
feet. If they can be spurred into actions
similar to the British rubber ban, even if
they do not furnish more troops, the public-
opinion climate here will improve.
Other fields in which the contending fac-
tions are drawing closer together include:
Formosa. For a very long time the Pres-
ident talked only of "neutralizing" this
island on which Chiang Kai-Shek and his
Nationalists took refuge. But General Mir-
shall has now told the joint committee em-
phatically that there is no thought of
yielding the island to the Reds.
Recognition of Red China. The adminis-
tration began with an aloof position. But
since the Red Chinese entered the war in
Korea, their views have changed. General
Marshall now says that Mao will not be
allowed to shoot his way into the United
The bombing of Manchuria and beyond
the Yalu River. The administration would-
not sanction this, fearing general war, and
our allies are dead set against it; it was one
of their nightmares that General MacAr-
thur would do it anyway. Now, however, all
hands have agreed that if the Chinese Reds
unleash heavy air power against us as they
have not done to date, we shall retaliate
Chiang Kai-Shek and hIs army. After
refusing for a long time to touch him with
a 10-foot pole, the Pentagon is now sending
a mission of 600 men to help Chiang build
up his forces. This is, of course, a part of
the tougher attitude on Formosa for which
the Chinese Reds have only themselves to
The embargoes against Red China, so in-
sistently demanded by administrations critics
publicly and pressed privately by the state
department, are coming along now as pre-
viously noted.
All this may not satisfy extremists or
those who hope to make political capital
of the situation but it is making a very
favorable impression on thoughtful peo-
nle in hoth narties who have been greatly

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1 1




Looking Back

PRESIDENT Franklin Delano Roosevelt
swept into a commanding lead over his
New Deal foe, Col. Henry Breckinridge of
New York, in the Democratic presidential

Mom made sandwiches for

fFor finding our way back

Yes, indeed. I know the habifs I

LMr. O'MalIley! You spilled1


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